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1C CHAPTER 1 TEST

Name:

1−2. Simplify.
2 2 3
1. 12 − 3(2 + 1) ÷ (7 − 4) − (8 − 2)
2
4 (6  3)  48 ' 2  (9  1)
2. 2
10 ' (8  3) $ 2  33

3. On a number line, point Y has a coordinate −43 and point X has coordinate of 25.
Write the coordinate of each point that is one-third as far from Y as from X.

4−5. Evaluate each expression for the given values of the variables.
3 2
4. −ab − 2(b + 4a) ; a = 2, b = −3
4 2 2
 y  ( x  y)  ( x  y)
5. 2 2
; x = −4, y = 2
x  y  xy

6. Is the set of irrational numbers closed with respect to multiplication?


If not give an example.

7−14. Name the property that justifies each step.

7. 5x − (−3 + 2x) = 5x + [−(−3 + 2x)]

8. = 5x + [3 + (−2x)]

9. = 5x + [−2x + 3]

10. = [5x + (−2x)] + 3

11. = [(5 + (−2))x] + 3

12. = 3x + 3

13. = 3(x + 1)

14. 5x − (−3 + 2x) = 3(x + 1)

15. Solve: 14 − (4 − x) = −3(x + 2) − 16

x+d
16. Solve for x. c =
a + bx

17. Write an algebraic expression in simplest form for the following.


Myra’s bank contains 37 quarters and nickels. Find the total value of the coins in
dollars.

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1C CHAPTER 1 TEST Name:

18. Choose a variable, tell what it represents, and write an equation to represent the
facts. DO NOT SOLVE. (You do not have to simplify your equation.)
When the Wilsons went to the amusement park, they bought two adult tickets and
four children tickets. A child’s ticket cost $9.00 less than an adult’s ticket, and the
family’s average price per ticket was $28.00.

19−22. Solve. Choose one variable, tell what the variable represents and any other
unknowns, write an equation, solve, and write a sentence to answer the question.

19. Mr. Peck mixed a 25% methanol solution and a 40% methanol solution to obtain
100 mL of a 35% methanol solution. How many mL of each solution did Mr. Peck
use?

20. At noon, a train leaves Mathville, where everyone loves math, and heads east at
80 mi/h to Sadville, where everyone doesn’t love math, 480 miles away. At
12:30 P.M., a train leaves Mathville, also heading east on a parallel track with the
first train, at 110 mi/h. At what time will the second train catch up with the first
train?

21. A triangle has a perimeter 75 cm. The sides have lengths, in centimeters, that are
consecutive odd integers. What is the length of the longest side?

22. Andre invested $1800 in two separate accounts, one a 3% annual interest and the
other at 5.5% annual interest. His total annual return from these investments was
$82.75. How much was invested at each rate?

Extra Credit. Use the four step method and solve algebraically.
The average of Alex’s, Bonnie’s, and Carl’s ages is 11 years. Six years ago, Carl was
the same age as Alex is now. In two years, Bonnie’s age will be Alex’s age at that
time. How old is each now?

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