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ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT ON AQUACULTURE USING REMOTE

SENSING DATA AND GIS

ABSTRACT
The rapid development of the sites (an increase in both reared surface area
and production), tropical shrimp aquaculture is currently being faced with critical
problems due to economical and ecological constraints. In many countries with
favourable conditions for shrimp aquaculture sites are often badly selected and/or
over-exploited. This conducts to sorne extent to decreases or collapses in the
production due to the difficulty in predicting the maximum production capacity of
the sites. Furthermore, it appears that production sustainability depends on many
factors among which socio-economy and ecology gy are of prime importance.
Remote sensing provides a synoptic vision over large land expanses. Severa!
scenes were processed for landuse mapping using conventional classification
techniques. Concerning water quality assessment, a general relation for the Java
sea was found between image and field data in terms of total suspended matter.
Applying this relation to a new site in Sumatra has provided an initial approach to
water type and, together with land use mapping, a preliminary assessment of the
suitability of the area. ali geographie data originated from the various
compartments of the study have been geo-referenced and loaded into a
geographical information system. This allows to display any query made on spatial
variables and their related statistical data, including the ir variations over the last
few years and to reveal patterns and phenomena otherwise not obvious.
OBJECTIVES
(i) improve site selection and study the impact of aquaculture on marine
environments presenting a variable sensitivity to organic sewage,
(ii) analyse the socio-economical aspects and profitability of the aquaculture
industry and of common resources
(iii) Use remote sensing and geographical data bases for diagnosis and monitoring
of site degradation
NEED
In our project aims to make effective use of remote sensing via detecting
total suspended matter (TSM) to evaluate the possible adverse effects of
aquaculture The aquaculture activity in this study refers specifically to marine
aquaculture. An officially allocated area for intense aquaculture activity was
chosen as the study area. The effects were evaluated in terms of TSM the analysis
focused on the derivation of data from satellite imagery using an artificial NN
approach. A second objective was to construct a time series of remotely sensed
data to evaluate the temporal changes, which can be further developed for effective
monitoring in dynamic marine ecosystems.