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At the end of 45 minutes discussion, the students should be able to:

1. Identify the different types of cyber threats in your personal computer.

2. Reads the ways to minimize virus attacks in your personal computer.
3. Explain some practices on how to quarantine the cyber threats in your personal computer.

A. Topic: Cyber threats in PC and Smartphones

B. References:

 (
 Using information technology (A Practical Introduction to Computer & Communication)
C. Materials:

 Power Point presentation

 Projector
 Images
 Paper
D. Concepts:

 Cyber threats: denial-of-service attacks, worms, viruses, and Trojan horses.

 Cyber threats allows to know how to quarantine the threats in your PC.
 Knows the areas should be concerned about for keeping computer system secure.
E. Values Integration:

 The students will realize the importance of knowing how to keep the computer will secure.
F. Skills: Identifying, describing, and discussing.


TEACHER’S Student’s
HINT Teacher’s Activity Activity

A. Preliminary
Good morning
1. Greetings Good morning class! Sir.!
Praise be the
name of our lord
2. Prayer Please stand up let us pray. Mario kindly lead the prayer. Jesus Christ…..
3.Classroom Ok class before you take your seat, I want you to pick up those papers and dirt under your chair then arrange
Management your seat properly.
4. Checking of
attendance Once your name is called, kindly raise hand and say present.
None Sir!
Sir last meeting
Do we have any assignment?Who can give us the recap of what we’re discussed last meeting? we discussed the
Yes Carol. networks.

Excellent Carol! Network, or

5. Checking of network, is a
And What about the Networks or communication networks?
assignmentB. system of
Recall interconnected
Yes Annamae. computers,
telephones, or
Very good!
devices that can
with one another
and share
applications and

The student will

carefully watch
the video clips
and jot down
some importance
details about
C. Motivation The demo teacher will show some video clip about cyber threats… cyber threats.
D. Unlocking Trojan horse is a program that pretends to be a useful program, usually free, such as a game or screen
of Terms saver, but carries viruses, or destructive instructions, that perpetrate mischief without your knowledge.
If you don’t have any question with our previous topic, we will now proceed to the next topic which is the cyber
threats, but before that let us watch a movie presentation which is related to our discussion.Instruction:
I have a video presentation, and you need to listen carefully and take note of the important details because you
need to answer the following guide questions that posted on the board.


1. What is cyber threats that can damage youre3 personal computer?

E. Lesson 2. What are the different types of malware?
Proper 3. Describe how you can avoid your computer or smartphone to this cyber threats.
After you watch the video, answer the following questions. And you should have to present your output in the

You only have 2 minutes to finish the activity.


5 4 3 2 1
Some of the
answer are not Almost of the
Validity of All of the answer One of the answer related to the answers are All of the answer
the answer are correct is wrong topic. wrong. are wrong.
Explained the
answer for
Accuracy of question Explained the Lacks for some Lacks in some Did not correctly
the excellently and answer for the explanation in explanation in explain their
explanation correctly. question each answer. each answer. answer.
Some parts of the Most parts of the
The presentation The presentation presentation are presentation are The presentation
is clear, is clear, not clear, not clear, is not clear,
Delivery/ understandable, understandable, understandable, understandable, understandable,
presentation brief and concise. brief and concise. brief and concise. brief and concise. brief and concise.
Timeliness/ Finish the activity Finish the activity Finishes the act, Finishes the Finished the act.
speed on or before time. little late. beyond time. activity late. Late.
So, class do you agree with our mechanics? A comment or additionalinformation?

that good!

you are ready to watch the video?

B. Analysis

Did you understand the video?

If you understand the video, you can now answer the following guide question posted on the board.

If you understand the video, you can now answer the following guide question posted on the board.

Presentation of the output…

CYBERTHREATS in PC and Smartphones

Based on the video I presented to you, there are 4 different types of cyber threats. What are those?

Yes Jessrel. None Sir!

Yes Sir!

Yes Sir!
That’s correct!

 DENIAL-OF-SERVICE ATTACKS A denial-of-service (DoS) attack, or distributed denial-of-service

(DDoS) attack, consists of making repeated requests of a computer system or network, thereby
overloading it and denying legitimate users access to it. Because computers are limited in the number of
user requests they can handle at any given time, a DoS onslaught will tie them up with fraudulent
requests that cause them to shut down. The assault may come from a single computer or from hundreds
or thousands of computers that have been taken over by those intending harm.
 WORMS’s viruses, and Trojan horses are three forms of malware, or malicious software, which attack
computer systems. The latest Symantec Internet Security Threat Report identified over 1.6 million
instances of “malicious code” (worms and viruses) in 2008, a 165% increase over 2007. A worm is a
program that copies itself repeatedly into a computer’s memory or onto a disk drive. Sometimes it will
copy itself so often it will cause a computer to crash. Among some famous worms are Code Red, The four different
Nimda, Klez, Sasser, Bagle, Blaster, Sobig, and Melissa. The 2002 worm Klez, dubbed the most types of cyber
common worm ever, spread its damage through Microsoft products by being inside email attachments threats are denial-
or part of email messages themselves, so that merely opening an infected message could infect a of-service
computer running Outlook or Outlook Express. The Sasser worm was estimated to account for 26% of attacks, worms,
all virus infections in the first half of 2004. Incredibly, one person, Sven Jaschan, 18, who admitted viruses, and
programming the Sasser and other worms and who was arrested in Germany in May 2004, was Trojan horses.
responsible for 70% of the virus infections in the early part of that year.
 VIRUSES A virus is a “deviant” program, stored on a computer floppy disk, hard drive, or CD, that can Through internet,
cause unexpected and often undesirable effects, such as destroying or corrupting data. The famous the virus can
email Love Bug (its subject line was I LOVE YOU), which originated in the Philippines in May 2000 infect your
and did perhaps as much as $10 billion in damage worldwide, was both a worm and a virus, spreading computer when
faster and causing more damage than any other bug before it. The Love Bug was followed almost you are surfing
immediately by a variant virus. This new Love Bug didn’t reveal itself with an I LOVE YOU line but the internet.
changed to a random word or words each time a new computer was infected. More recent viruses have
targeted Twitter, YouTube, website advertising, and digital photo-holding frames. 40 A virus called
Koobface attacked Facebook. Fast-spreading Clampi took aim at business financial accounts. By infected
 Trojan horse is a program that pretends to be a useful program, usually free, such as a game or screen floppies or CDs:
saver, but carries viruses, or destructive instructions, that perpetrate mischief without your knowledge. The first way is
One particularly malicious feature is that a Trojan horse may allow so-called backdoor programs to be via an infected
installed. A backdoor program is an illegal program that allows illegitimate users to take control of your floppy disk or
computer without your knowledge. An example is the kind of program that records what people type, CD, perhaps
logging individual keystrokes, paying particular attention to user names and passwords, which can be from a friend or a
used to access and even open bank accounts online. repair person.
I have a question class. How malware is spread Worms, viruses, and Trojan horses are passed in to your
None Sir!

Yes Arvin.
(The student are
expected to read
through the use
of ppt.)

Possible answers.

#Don’t open,
download, or
execute any files,
email messages,
That’s right! or email
attachments if the
source is
Here are some causes how malware is spread Worms, viruses, and Trojan horses are passed in the following
unknown or if the
subject line of an
email is
Will you please read thea? questionable or
Thank you thea.
#Delete all spam
and email
(The demo teacher will add some supplementary ideas.)
messages from
strangers. Don’t
And also it can cause by opening unknown email attachments: The second way is from an email attachment. open, forward, or
This is why a basic rule of using the internet is: Never click on an email attachment that comes from someone reply to such
you don’t know. This advice also applies to unknown downloaded files, as for free video games or screen messages.
#Back up your
data files
By clicking on infiltrated websites: Some crackers “seed” web pages with contagious malware that enables themregularly, and
to steal personal data, so that by simply clicking on a website you can unwittingly compromise your PC. The keep the backup
risk can be minimized if you have a firewall and keep antivirus software on your computer up to date, as we CD or whatever
describe below. (You might also consider switching to Mozilla Firefox from Internet Explorer as your browser.)
in a location
separate from
your computer
So that is why class, that malware can infiltrate or it can damage your personal data in your computer.
(or use an online
backup service).
C. Abstraction Then if a virus
(or a fire)
destroys your
Security matters class are a never-ending problem, with attacks on computers and data becoming more powerful
work files, your
and more complex.
data won’t be
Do you have any question and additional information about my topic? devastated.

D. Application:

1. Okay class reads some ways to minimize virus attacks in your personal computers and smartphones.
Class here are some tips for minimizing the chances of infecting your computers are as follows:


1. Get one half crosswise and explain some practices on how to quarantine or minimize the cyber threats in your personal computers, in just two to
three sentences only.

 Research about the Cyber Villains: Hackers & Crackers.
 What are the type of hackers and crackers?