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10 20
10
K =0.1

DIRECTION OF ^

INCIDENT WAVE

GEOMETRIC SHADOW

GAP Vi OOb o o ; Johnson, 1952

Figure 2-43. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 0.5 wavelength (B/L = 0.5).

Diffracted "Aave Height


Incioent Wove Height

16 18 20

( Johnson, 1952)

Figure 2-44. Ctontours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


vd.dth = 1 wavelength (B/L = 1).

2-94
GAP
B = I.41L K'=I.I45 k'.-I.O K'=0.8 K =0.6 K:0.4
^ DIRECTION OF Johnson , 1952 )

INCIDENT WAVE

Figure 2-45. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


vd.dth = 1.41 wavelengths (B/L = 1.41).

Diffracted Wove h'eiaht

Figure 2-46. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 1.64 wavelengths (B/L = 1.64).

2-95
BM.78L K=I.195 KM.O K = 0.8 K:0.6
DIRECTION OF ( Johnson , I 952
INCIDENT W;*VP

Figure 2-47. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 1.78 wavelengths (B/L = 1.78).

Diffrocted Wove Height

16 18 20

( Johnson, 1952)

Figure 2-48. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


vd.dth = 2wavelengths (B/L = 2).

2-96
B:2.50L
K'-1.2 K:|.0 K =0.8 K':0.6
DIRECTION OF ,

1 INCIDENT WAVE ( Johnson, 1952 )

Figure 2-49. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 2.50 wavelengths (B/L = 2.50).

Diffrocted Wove Height


DIRECTION OF K--
""1
^
Incident Wove Height
INCIDENT WAVE
GAP K'=I.247 K'-.\.Z K':|.0 K':0.8
B :2.95L

Figure 2-50. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 2.95 wavelengths (B/L = 2.95).

2-97
(Johnson ,
1952 )

Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 3.82 wavelengths (B/L = 3.82).
BREAKWATER

Diffrocted Wove Height


incident Wove Height

OJRECTION OF
INCIDENT WAVE
GAP K'=I.O K'=I.O K = 1.282 K:|.2

Figure 2-52. Contours of equal diffraction coefficient gap


width = 5 wavelengths (B/L = 5).

2-98
,

B = 1L

V,

10
= 30

B = IL

V,

10
12 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
y/L
6r-

0r75°^

B=IL

V,L 6

10

12
K=0.2

K:0.2
0.2

Gop Width of 2L,and Breokwoter


= 45° (solution of
Corr ond Stelzriede, 1952 )

Solid lines

Scole of x/L and y/L ImoQinary gap with a width


of 1.4! L and 0=90"
solution of Blue ond John$on_

19491 Dotted lines

: Johnson 1952)
,

Figure 2-58. Diffraction diagram for a gap of two wave-


lengths and a 45" approach compared with
that for a gap width V2~wave lengths with a
90° approach.

2-104
II-7-18
1 Aug 08 (Change 2)
EM 1110-2-1100 (Part II)

Figure II-7-17. Diffraction diagrams of a breakwater gap with B/L = 8.0 for directional random waves of normal incidence (Goda 2000)

Harbor Hydrodynamics
Harbor Hydrodynamics
EM 1110-2-1100 (Part II)
1 Aug 08 (Change 2)

Figure II-7-16. Diffraction diagrams of a breakwater gap with B/L = 4.0 for directional random waves of normal incidence (Goda 2000)

II-7-17
II-7-16
1 Aug 08 (Change 2)
EM 1110-2-1100 (Part II)

Figure II-7-15. Diffraction diagrams of a breakwater gap with B/L = 2.0 for directional random waves of normal incidence (Goda 2000)

Harbor Hydrodynamics
Harbor Hydrodynamics
EM 1110-2-1100 (Part II)
1 Aug 08 (Change 2)

Figure II-7-14. Diffraction diagrams of a breakwater gap with B/L = 1.0 for directional random waves of normal incidence (Goda 2000)

II-7-15
II-7-14
1 Aug 08 (Change 2)
EM 1110-2-1100 (Part II)

Figure II-7-13. Diffraction diagram of a semi-infinite breakwater for directional random waves of normal incidence (Goda 2000)

Harbor Hydrodynamics