You are on page 1of 17

CHAPTER 4: FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION

CONTENTS

1. Theory of Operation
1. Paper Feed Tray Position ...................................................................................... 1
2. First Paper Feed Drive Mechanism ........................................................................ 2
3. Paper Pickup System ............................................................................................ 4
4. Paper Feed Pressure Select System ..................................................................... 5
2. Removal and Assembly
1. Paper Feed Tray Unit ............................................................................................. 6
2. Pickup Roller Assembly ......................................................................................... 7
3. Pickup Roller ......................................................................................................... 8
4. Stripper Pad .......................................................................................................... 9
5. Paper Feed Clutch ............................................................................................... 10
3. Adjustment
1. Paper Feed Tray Pressure ................................................................................... 11
2. Paper Feed Tray Position Adjustment ................................................................. 13
3. Paper Feed Clutch ON Timing ............................................................................. 14
4. Paper Feed Clutch OFFTiming ............................................................................ 14

KS Series (Version 1.4)


KS Series (Version 1.4)
FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
THEORY OF OPERATION

1. Theory of Operation
1. Paper Feed Tray Positions (Upper / Lower)

1. Paper Feed Tray Set Lever


> The Paper feed tray set lever [A] is linked with the PF lever plate ass'y [D] by the PF tray spring [C].
And the PF lever plate ass'y [D] is fixed with PFT lever shaft [F].
> When the paper feed tray set lever [A] is set lower position, the PFT lever [E] rises and push the
Paper feed tray [B] up. Thus papers on the Paper feed tray [B] touch the Pick up roller [G].
> When the paper feed tray set lever [A] is set upper position, the PFT lever [E] moves down and
Paper feed tray [B] goes down too. Thus papers on the Paper feed tray [B] is released from the Pick
up roller [G].
> Pressure between paper on the Paper feed tray and the Pick up roller can be adjusted.

F
G
E
A

D B

A: Paper feed tray set lever


B: Paper feed tray
C: PF tray spring
D: PF lever plate ass'y
E: PFT lever
F: PFT lever shaft
G: Pick up roller
4-1 KS Series (Version 1.4)
FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
THEORY OF OPERATION

2. First Paper Feed Drive Mechanism


1. Paper Feed Clutch
> When the Main motor [C] activates, the Drum rotates in the clockwise direction via the Drive
gear D-E-F-G-H-I. (looking from back of the machine).
> The Paper feed clutch [B] activates at a certain Drum angle from the Position-A.
This Drum angle is determined by the count signal from the motor encoder sensor.
> The Paper feed clutch is released as the Drum rotates for a certain set degrees from the Drum
position A.
> The Paper feed tray clutch [B] activate timing and release timing is changed by the drum
rotation speed.

2. End of First Paper Feed


> The First paper feed ends when the Paper feed clutch [B] is released.
> The leading edge of the paper rests against the Guide roller and Timing roller.
> The Pickup roller [A] rotates free in the direction of paper feed by one-way clutch to avoid
applying brake on the paper when the Second paper feed takes over the paper feed.

C
E B

G
I

A:Pickup roller
B:Paper feed clutch
C:Main motor
D - I: Drive gears

4-2 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
THEORY OF OPERATION

First Paper Feed Timing Chart


Press "START" key
Drum rotation starts from Drum Position-A
2-1 144.8 ±χ 1-1 66.3 ±χ 2-1 144.8 ±χ
1-1 66.3 ±χ
0 1-2 63.7 ±χ 2-2 142.2 ±χ 0 1-2 63.7 ±χ 2-2 142.2 ±χ 0
Drum rotation
ON
Main motor
Blocked
Position-A Open
sensor
ON
Paper feed
clutch

[In case the drum rotation speed is 60 r.p.m.]

1-1 The Paper feed clutch activates each time the Drum rotates 66.3 ±c from the A position.
The angle "c" can be adjusted by Test Mode No. 80, which adjusts the ON timing of the Paper feed clutch.

2-1 The Paper feed clutch is deactivated when the Drum rotates 144.8 ±c from the A position.
The angle "c" can be adjusted by Test Mode No. 81, which adjusts the paper buckle amount.

[In case the drum rotation speed is 90 r.p.m.]


1-2 The Paper feed clutch activates each time the Drum rotates 63.7 ±c from the A position.
The angle "c" can be adjusted by Test Mode No. 82, which adjusts the ON timing of the Paper feed clutch.

2-1 The Paper feed clutch is deactivated when the Drum rotates 142.2 ±c from the A position.
The angle "c" can be adjusted by Test Mode No. 83, which adjusts the paper buckle amount.

A:Drum
B:Pickup roller
C:Paper
D:Paper gate
E A
E:Guide roller
D
F:Stripper pad
G:Timing roller
H:Pressure roller
B

H
G
F

4-3 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
THEORY OF OPERATION

3. Paper Pickup System


1. Feeding
> The papers on the Paper feed tray are fed by the Pick roller [A], in several layers, in between
the Pickup roller [A] and Stripper pad [C].

2. Pick-up
> The top sheet is separated from the rest by the Pickup roller [A] and Stripper pad [C].
> The Stripper pad [C] is pushed against the Pickup roller [A] by the Stripper spring [B] to provide
resistance against paper feed, by which only a single sheet of paper [D] is fed from the paper
stack.

A:Pickup roller
B:Stripper spring
C:Stripper pad
D:Paper

4-4 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
THEORY OF OPERATION

4. Paper Feed Pressure Select System


1. Paper Feed Pressure Adjust Lever
> The Paper feed pressure adjust lever [A] is located on the front side of the machine, and it
changes the pressure of the Paper feed tray applied against the Pick up roller, as a result the
pressure against the papers on the Paper feed tray is changed.
> When the Paper feed pressure adj. lever [A] is positioned at upper position, the Pressure arm
[C] is lowered and the pressure of the Pressure adj. lever spring [B] does not applied against the
Paer feed tray. Thus the paper feed pressure is not increased at the lower position. Therefore this
position is for "THIN" papers.
> When the Paper feed pressure adj. lever is positioned at lower position, the Pressure arm [C]
becomes free and the pressure of the Pressure adj. lever spring [B] applies against the Paper feed
tray. Thus the paper feed pressure is increased. Therefore this position is for "NORMAL" papers.

For NORMAL Paper

For THIN Paper

A:Paper feed pressure adjust lever A


B:Pressure adjust lever spring
C:Pressure arm B
C

4-5 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
REMOVAL AND ASSEMBLY

2. Removal and Assembly


1. Paper Feed Tray Unit
1. Disconnect the power supply from the machine.
2. Lower the Paper feed tray.
3. Remove the Paper feed tray unit [A] from the both side of the Lock pins [B].

Precaution in Assembly
> Make sure to hook the the Paper feed tray unit [A] to the both side of the Lock pins [B] firmly in
position.

A
B

A:Paper feed tray unit


B:Lock pin

4-6 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
REMOVAL AND ASSEMBLY

2. Pick up Roller Assembly


1. Disconnect the power supply from the machine.
2. Lower the Paper feed tray [D].
3. Remove Back cover. (See Page 1-5)
4. Remove the Paper feed tray [D] from the machine. (See page 4-6)
5. Remove Lock rings [C] on the right end of the Pickup roller shaft [A] and remove the Metal [B].
6. Slide the Pickup roller shaft [A] to the front side of the machine and remove the Pick up roller
ass'y.

C
B

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ D
○ ○ ○ ○ ○

A:Pickup roller shaft


B:Metal
C:Lock ring
D:Paper feed tray

4 -7 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
REMOVAL AND ASSEMBLY

3. Pickup Roller and PF Support Roller


1. Disconnect the power supply from the machine.
2. Remove the Pick up ass'y.(See page 4-7)
3. Slide the PF support rollers [C] from the Pickup roller shaft.
4. Remove Lock ring [B] from the Pickup roller shaft.
5. Slide the Pickup roller [A] out from the shafts.

Precautions in Assembly
> Core of the Pick up roller has the slit for the Pin [D] on the drive side when the roller is installed.
If the rollers are put back on the shaft the opposite side (turned around), the Pick up roller [A]
cannot be positioned correctly so the the Lock ring [B] cannot be installed.
Placed correctly on the shafts, the roller should be fixed by the Pin [D] of the Pick up roller
shaft.

B
D

A:Pickup roller
B:Lock ring
C: PF support roller
D: Pin

4-8 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
REMOVAL AND ASSEMBLY

4. Stripper Pad
1. Disconnect the power supply from the machine.
2. Lower the Paper feed tray all the way down.
3. Remove the Lock ring of the Pickup roller them slide the roller towards front side.
4. Remove the Stripper pad [C] base carefully, not to damage the Stripper spring [B].
5. Remove the Stripper Pad [B] from the Stripper pad base [A].

Precaution in Assembly
> Set the Stripper spring [B] correctly in the machine before setting the Stripper pad base [A]
back
in place.
> Make sure to fif the Pickup roller in correct position then insert the Lock ring.

C
A

A:Stripper pad base


B:Stripper spring
C:Stripper pad

4-9 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
REMOVAL AND ASSEMBLY

5. Paper Feed Clutch


1. Disconnect the power supply from the machine.
2. Remove Back cover.
3. Remove the PF Clutch support plate [B].
4. Disconnect the Connector of the Paper feed clutch [A].
5. Remove the Paper feed clutch [A] from the shaft.

Precautions in Assembly
> Match the position of the flat cut portion of the Metals [C] with that of the Main frame or PF
clutch support plate [B].
> Mount the slit on the clutch over the Drive gears bracket [D] on the machine to prevent the
clutch from rotating. (Refer to fig.b)

C
A

A:Paper feed clutch


B:PF Clutch support plate
C:Metal
D:Drive gear bracket
fig.b

4 - 10 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
ADJUSTMENT

3. Adjustment
1. Paper Feed Tray Pressure
1-1.Original Type of the Paper feed Tray set Lever
For KS500 Serial Number 81530001- 81530500
For KS500C Serial Number 81510001- 81510500

1. Lower the Paper feed tray set lever [A] .(Upper the Paper feed tray)
2. Insert ruler to the slit of the Paper feed tray set lever [A] to measure the distance from top edge
of the PF adj. screw [B] to the edge of the Paper feed tray set lever [A].
3. The adjustable range is + 1mm to - 7mm from the edge of the Paper feed tray set lever [A].(refer
to fig.a)
Strong(CW) Weak(CCW)
-7mm +1mm

*1. If the distance is already positioned at +1mm, it cannot be adjusted weaker.(fig.b)


*2. If the distance is already positioned at -7mm, it cannot be adjusted stronger.(fig.c)
*3. The standard position can be adjusted by the PF tray position adjustment.(See page 4-13)

4. In case of no paper feeding occurs, trun the PF adj. screw [B] towareds CW direction to increase
the the pressure.
5.In case of multiple paper feeding occurs, turn the PF adj. screw [B] towards CCW direction to
decrease the pressure.
Precaution in Adjustment
> Do not turn the PF adj. screw [B] any more if the PF adj. screw [B] rotation becomes tight. (It is
the sign of the limit position of the adjustment.) Otherwise the steps of the PF adj. screw [B] will
be damaged.

Strong Weak

A:Paper feed tray set lever


B:PF adj. screw B

A
fig.a
B

1mm 7mm

fig.b fig.c

4 -11 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
ADJUSTMENT

1-2. New Type of the Paper Feed Tray set Lever


For KS500 Serial Number 81530501-
For KS500C Serial Number 81510501-
For KS500AL Serial Number 81540001-
For KS500(120) Serial Number 81550001-

1. Lower the Paper feed tray set lever [A] .(Upper the Paper feed tray)
2. Pull out the PF adj. dial [C] from the PF adj. screw [B].
3. Insert lular to the slit of the Paper feed tray set lever [A] to measure the distance from top edge of
the PF adj. screw [B] to the edge of the Paper feed tray set lever [A].
4. The adjustable range is + 7mm to +12mm from the edge of the Paper feed tray set lever [A].(refer
to fig.a)
Strong(CW) Weak(CCW)
+7mm +12mm

*1. If the distance is already positioned at +7mm, it cannot be adjusted stronger.(refer to fig.b)
*2. If the distance is already positioned at +12mm, it cannot be adjusted weaker.(refer to fig.b)
*3. The standard position can be adjusted by the PF tray position adjustment.(See page 4-13)
5. In case of no paper feeding occurs, trun the PF adj. screw [B] towareds CW direction to increase
the the pressure.
6. In case of multiple paper feeding occurs, turn the PF adj. screw [B] towards CCW direction to
decrease the pressure.

Precaution in Adjustment
> Do not turn the PF adj. screw [B] any more if the PF adj. screw [B] rotation becomes tight. (It is
the sign of the limit position of the adjustment.) Otherwise the steps of the PF adj. screw [B] will
be damaged.
>Adjust set position of the PF adj. dial [C] against the PF adj.screw [B].

fig.a
A

A:Paper feed tray set lever


B:PF adj. screw fig.b
C:PF adj. dial

4 -12 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
ADJUSTMENT

2. Paper Feed Tray Position Adjustment


1. Separate Base plate;PFT[A] from Plate;PFT[B].
2. [For KS500C] Measure 42mm from the bottom of inside of the Plate; PFT [A]then mark the 42mm
point on the Plate;PTF[B].
[For other KS models] Measure 43mm from the bottom of inside of the Plate; PFT [B] then mark
the 43mm point on the Plate;PTF[B].
3. Putting together the Base plate;PFT[A] and the Plate;PFT[B].
4. PF press-adj. Lever[C] must be at "THIN" position.
5. Adjust the base of the Base plate;PFT[A] with the line to be the same level while PF set lever [C] is
released. (not in setting position)

42mm or 43mm

6. Turn the PF Adj. screw[D] as left figures show.


In case of the New type of the Paper feed tray set lever[F].
*Trun it towards CCW if the Base plate;PFT[A] is higher than the line.
*Trun it towards CW if the Base plate;PFT[A] is lower than the line.
7. Paper feed adjustment for each paper will be required after this adjustment is done.
E D
D
A: Base plate;PFT
B: Plate;PFT
C: PF press-adj. Lever
D: PF Adj. screw F
E: PF Adj. dial
F: Paper feed tray set lever

Old Type New Type

4 -13 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
ADJUSTMENT

[Checking of Paper Feeding]

1.Select PF press-adj lever position depending on the paper weight.


*Less than 50g/m2:Upper position(THIN), More than 50g/m2: Lower position(NORMAL)
2. In case of occuring maltiple paper feeding or No paper feeding frequently, adjust paper feed
pressure by Adj. screw.
*Remove Adj. Dial for the adjustment if Adj. Dial is installed.
*Normally truning the adj. screw a half trun for each direction is enough for the adjustment.
*Trun CCW if multiple paper feeding occurs.
*Trun CW if No paper feeding occurs.
3.During normal paper feeding, paper is fed onto the center of the stripper pad then stop at
once. Then fed by Pick up roller.
B
Paper fed on to the center
of the stripper pad.

A: Stripper pad
B: paper guide plate lower A
Paper

4.See the stoping position of the paper during the printing and if it is not the same as the
above, adjust paper feed pressure.
*Certain count of paper feeding is needed for the checking. If checking with just few sheets
of papers, the stopping position would not be stable.

Top view

A
Multiple Paper
Feeding
Standard
range
NO Paper
Feeding

Paper

*In case Paper got into more than the standard range, turn Adj. Screw CCW to decrease the
pressure.
*In case Paper didi not get into the standard range, turn Adj. Screw CW to increase pressure.

4 -14 KS Series (Version 1.4)


FIRST PAPER FEED SECTION
ADJUSTMENT

3. Paper Feed Clutch ON Timing


If the paper jams or does not feed smoothly due to incorrect timing of the paper feed clutch activate
timing, use Test mode No.80 or No.82 to adjust the timing of the Paper feed clutch activation.
Test No.80 for when the machine runs at 60 r.p.m.. Test No.82 for when the machine runs at 90
r.p.m..
Adjustment Procedure
1. Turn off the power of the machine.
2. Keep pressing and key on the control panel then turn on the power.
3. Check whether the paper buckle is normal or not.
4. In case the paper buckle is not enoght, start up the Test Mode and enter [8] and [0] and select
the number by pressing or key.
In case the print speed is 90 r.p.m., enter [8] and [2] and select the number by pressing or
key.
Adjustment Table
DECREASE INCREASE

Indication / Amount(mm) -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4

Results of Incorrect Adjustment


> If too much or too little paper buckle is made, the paper does not transfer correctly into the
Second paper feed section and may result in paper jamming.
Note:
>The Paper feed clutch adjustment is affected by the Timing clutch timing adjustment. For instance,
the Timing clutch timing is adjusted as the print position shifts for +2mm, the Paper feed clutch ON
timing also shifts +2mm. That means the timing of the movement between the Timing clutch and the
Paper feed clutch is unchanged.

4. Paper Feed Clutch OFF Timing


If the paper jams or does not feed smoothly due to incorrect amount of the paper buckle at the finish
of the first paper feed timing, use Test mode No.81 or No.83 to adjust the timing of the Paper feed
clutch deactivation.
Test No. 81 for when the machine runs at 60 r.p.m.. Test No. 83 for when the machine runs at 90
r.p.m..
Adjustment Procedure
1. Turn off the power of the machine.
2. Keep pressing and key on the control panel then turn on the power.
3. Check whether the paper buckle is normal or not.
4. In case the paper buckle is not enoght, start up the Test Mode and enter [8] and [1] and select
the number by pressing or key.
In case the print speed is 90 r.p.m., enter [8] and [3] and select the number by pressing or
key.

Adjustment Table
DECREASE INCREASE

Indication / Amount(mm) -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4
Results of Incorrect Adjustment
> If too much or too little paper buckle is made, the paper does not transfer correctly into the
Second paper feed section and may result in paper jamming.
Note:
>The Paper feed clutch adjustment is affected by the Timing clutch timing adjustment as same as the
Paper feed clutch ON timing adjustment.

4 - 15 KS Series (Version 1.4)