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# DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB

Experiment 1
Prepared for: Dr Suresh Rangan
(B140118EC) 17 July 2017
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB

## FAMILIARISATION EXPERIMENTS (USING MATLAB)

Objective

To familiarise with the basic matlab plots. Formulate equations ,plot graphs for the
questions provided and note down the inferences, results.

QUESTIONS

1. Generate the following discrete time sequences and display using stem function

a. Unit impulse

y=[1,0,0,0,0];

z=[0,1,2,3,4];

stem(z,y)
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB

b. Unit step

x=-6:1:6; y=[0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,1,1,1];
stem(x,y)
c. Unit ramp

x=0:0.01:1;

y=x;

stem(x,y)
d. x{n]={…1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4,….}

## function [ ] = periodic( a,n )

b=[];

for i=1:n

b=[b,a];

end

x=1:4*n

stem(x,b)

end
e. x[n]=20(0.9)^(n)u[n]

n=-10:10;

z=zeros(1,21);

z(1,11:21)=1;

x=20*0.9.^n.*z;

stem(n,x)
f. x[n]=0.2(1.2)^(n)u[n]

n=-10:10;

z=zeros(1,21);

z(1,11:21)=1;

x=0.2*1.2.^n.*z;

stem(n,x)
g. x[]n]=(-0.8)^(n)u[n]

n=-10:10;

z=zeros(1,21);

z(1,11:21)=1;

x=(-0.8).^n.*z;

stem(n,x)
i. The complex exponential sequence x[n]=e^(-1/12 +j*pi/6). Display both the real and

imaginary parts.

n=-10:10;

x=exp((-1/12+1i*pi/6).*n);

stem(n,real(x))

hold

stem(n,imag(x))
j. x1[n]=cos(2*pi*n), x2=cos(1.8*pi*n), x3[n]=cos(2.2*pi*n). Compare the plots generated
for the three cases and comment on your result. Plot all the signals in the same figure.
(“subplot” and “hold” function)

n=-10:10;

x1=cos(0.2*pi.*n);

x2=cos(1.8*pi.*n);

x3=cos(2.2*pi.*n);

subplot(3,1,1);

stem(n,x1)

subplot(3,1,2);

stem(n,x2)

subplot(3,1,3);

stem(n,x3)
k. x4[n]=cos(4*pi*n/17), x5[n]=3cos(1.3*pi*n)-4sin(0.5*pi*n+0.5 p), x6[n]=5cos(1.5*pi*n
+0.75p)+4cos(0.6*pi*n) - sin(0.5*pi*n). In each case, determine the period of the of the
sequence theoretically and verify the result using MATLAB output.

n=-20:20;

x4=cos(4*pi/17.*n);

x5=3*cos(1.3*pi.*n)-4*sin(0.5*pi.*n+0.5*pi);

x6=5*cos(1.5*pi.*n+0.75*pi)+4*cos(0.6*pi.*n)-sin(0.5*pi.*n);

subplot(3,1,1);

stem(n,x4)

subplot(3,1,2);

stem(n,x5)

subplot(3,1,3);

stem(n,x6)
l. x(n)=2[n(0.9)n] for n=0:50.

n=0:50;

x=2.*n.*(0.9).^n;

stem(n,x)
m. x[n]=(0.95)n sin(0.1*pi*n) for n=0:50

n=0:50;

x=sin(0.1*pi.*n).*(0.95).^n;

stem(n,x)
2. A random signal of length N with samples uniformly distributed in the interval (0,1) can
be generated by using the MATLAB command x=rand(1,N). Likewise, a random signal
x[n] of length N with samples normally distributed with zero mean and unity variance can
be generated by using the following MATLAB command x=randn(1,N);

Write a MATLAB program to generate and display a random signal of length 100 whose
elements are uniformly distributed in the interval [-2,2] .

N=100;

r = -2+ (2+2)*rand(1,N);

stem(r)

figure

hist(r)
b. Write a MATLAB program to generate and display a Gaussian random signal of length
75 whose elements are normally distributed with zero mean and a variance of 3.(Check
your result with mean() and var()).

N=10000;

a = sqrt(3);

y = a.*randn(N,1);

RESULTS