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You are on page 1of 27

Practice Test

There are 50 questions on this test. You have 1 hour (60 minutes) to

complete it.

4x − 12, and m∠S = 3x + 8. QR = y + 9, RS = 2y − 7, and QS = 3y − 13.

The perimeter of �QRS is

(A) 11 (B) 20 (C) 44 (D) 55 (E) 68

2. Given g(x) = 3x + 2 , g c - 3 m =

5x - 1 4

–1

(A) ___ 1

(B) __ 1

(C) ___ 7

(D) ___ 1

(E) __

2 9 11 16 2

3.

3

81x 7 y10 =

(A) 9 x 3 y 5 3 x (B) 9x 2 y 3 3 xy (C) 3x 2 y 3 3 9xy

(D) 3x 2 y 3 3 3xy (E) 3 x 3 y 5 3 x

2 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

y

10

1 x

–6 1 6

–6

____

and K(2,7). The equation of the altitude to HK is

(D) x + 10y = 37 (E) x + 10y = 72

5. When the figure above is spun around its vertical axis, the total sur-

face area of the solid formed will be

(A) 144π (B) 108π (C) 72π (D) 36π (E) 9π + 12

(A) 15 (B) 23 (C) 127 (D) 345 (E) 2115

p

7. If p and q are positive integers with pq = 36, then cannot be

q

1 4

(A) (B) (C) 1 (D) 2 (E) 9

4 9

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 3

2 1

+

8. 3 x − 4 =

2

1−

3x − 12

2x 2x − 8 2x − 8

(A) (B) (C)

3x − 2 3x − 2 3x − 12

2x − 7 2x − 5

(D) (E)

3x − 12 3x − 14

2

a +4ab 2

3a -10ab

125 b

4 76 76

(A) (B) 2 (C) (D) 4 (E)

21 21 3

___

10. In isosceles KHJ, HJ = 8, NL ⊥ HJ , and MP ⊥ HJ . If K is

10 cm from base HJ and KL = .4KH, the area of LNH is

(A) 4 (B) 4.8 (C) 6 (D) 7.2 (E) 16

4 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

A(–9,2) to B(3,–4) is

(A) y − 1 = ___ –1 (x + 3)

2 2

drawn. If TC = 6 and CA = 10, then CB =

(A) 2 6 (B) 4 6 (C) 2 15 (D) 10 (E) 2 33

pq

13. Let p @ q = . (5 @ 3) − (3 @ 5) =

q-p

(A) –184 (B) –59 (C) 0 (D) 59 (E) 184

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 5

14. Grades for the test on proofs did not go as well as the teacher had

hoped. The mean grade was 68, the median grade was 64, and the stan-

dard deviation was 12. The teacher curves the score by raising each score

by a total of 7 points. Which of the following statements is true?

I. The new mean is 75.

II. The new median is 71.

III. The new standard deviation is 7.

(A) I only (B) III only (C) I and II only

(D) I, II, and III (E) None of the statements are true

triangles. If the area of �ABC is 128, then the area of �DEF, the small-

est triangle formed, is

1 1 1

(A) (B) (C) (D) 1 (E) 4

8 4 2

6 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

16. The graph of y = f(x) is shown above. Which is the graph of g(x) =

2f(x − 2) + 1?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

(E)

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 7

380e 2.31t

modeled by the equation b (t ) = , where t is the number of

175 + e 3.21t

days since the culture was formed. According to this model, the culture

can support a maximum population of

(A) 2.17 (B) 205 (C) 380 (D) 760 (E) ∞

center of the sphere. What is the number of square centimeters in the

area of the circle formed?

(A) 49π (B) 196π (C) 429π (D) 576π (E) 2304π

3x − 1

19. Given g(x) = , g(g(x)) =

2x + 9

9x − 4 7x − 12 x − 10

(A) (B) (C)

6x + 7 24x + 79 21x + 80

7x + 6 2

(D) (E) 9x − 6x + 1

24x + 79 4x 2 + 36x + 81

degree, what is the measure of the largest possible angle of �QED?

(A) 76 (B) 77 (C) 78 (D) 143 (E) 145

b

(A) 3c (B) c + 3 (C) b2 (D) b (E)

2

8 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

m∠HWE = 30. XZ passes through point E, the intersection of the diago-

nals. If WH = 30, determine the ratio of XZ:TY.

(A) 1:2 (B) 2:3 (C) 3:4 (D) 4:5 (E) 5:6

23. The lengths of the sides of a triangle are 25, 29, and 34. To the near-

est tenth of a degree, the measure of the largest angle is

(A) 77.6° (B) 77.7° (C) 87.6° (D) 87.7° (E) 102.3°

24. One of the roots of a quadratic equation that has integral coeffi-

−4 3 2

cients is + i . Which of the following describes the quadratic

5 8

equation?

(A) 800x2 + 1280x + 737 = 0 (B) 800x2 − 1280x + 737 = 0

(C) 800x2 + 1280x + 287 = 0 (D) 800x2 − 1280x + 287 = 0

(E) 800x2 + 1280x − 287 = 0

respond to a subset of the graph

(A)

(x − 1)2 + ( y − 2)2 = 1 (B)

(x − 1)2 − ( y − 2)2 =1

1 9 1 9

2 2 2

(C) x − 2 = ( y − 2)2 (D) x − 2 = − 9 ( y − 2)

9

2

(E) x − 2 = − ( y − 2)

3

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 9

non-partisan committee to look into the issue of county services. If

there are 8 Democrats and 6 Republicans to choose from, what is the

probability that the Democrats will have the more members than the

Republicans on this committee?

686 1316 1876

(A) (B) (C)

2002 2002 2002

2688 21336

(D) (E)

24024 24024

27. Given the vectors u = [–5, 4] and v = [3, –1], |2u − 3v| =

(A) [–19, 11] (B) 502 (C) [19, 11]

(D) 2 41 − 3 10 (E) 2 65

28. �ABC has vertices A(–11,4), B(–3,8), and C(3,–10). The coordi-

nates of the center of the circle circumscribed about �ABC are

(A) (–2,–3) (B) (–3,–2) (C) (3,2)

(D) (2,3) (E) (–1,–1)

what percent must the height be increased so that the volume of the new

pyramid is the same as the volume of the original pyramid?

(A) 20 (B) 40 (C) 46.875 (D) 56.25 (E) 71.875

§ 19S ·

20cis ¨ ¸

30. © 18 ¹ =

§ 2S ·

5cis ¨ ¸

© 9 ¹

10 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

3 5 4

5 4 5 + 4y 20 y

(A) 3 + y (B) (C)

2

6x 3x

x

20 y

(D) 2x+ 4y (E) 2x +

3

4

If a focus of the hyperbola has coordinates (7,1), the equation of the

hyperbola is

(A) − = 1 (B) − =1

16 9 9 16

( x + 3)2 ( y − 1)2 ( y − 1)2 ( x + 3)2

(C) − = 1 (D) − =1

64 36 36 64

( x + 3)2 ( y − 1)2

(E) − =1

4 3

33. An inverted cone (vertex is down) with height 12 inches and base

of radius 8 inches is being filled with water. What is the height of the

water when the cone is half filled?

(A) 6 (B) 6 3 4 (C) 8 3 6 (D) 9 3 4 (E) 9 3 6

S 5S S ½ S 5S S ½

(A) ® , , ¾ (B) ® 3 , 3 , 2 ¾

¯ 6 6 2 ¿ ¯ ¿

(C) ® , , ¾ ® ¾

¯ 6 6 2 ¿ ¯ 3 3 2 ¿

(E) ® , , ¾

¯ 3 3 2 ¿

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 11

1 1 1

(A) < x < 5 (B) < x < 2 and 2 < x < 5 (C) x < or x > 5

5 5 5

1

(D) x < 5 (E) x >

5

3 k 3 k

36. =

k =0 k =0

37. If 3 - 4 + 2 = 3

x y z

2 - 8 - 1 = - 8

x y z

4 - 6 - 3 = 1

x y z

1

then =

x− y+z

2 30 31 19 25

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

25 31 30 2 2

§ 3S 3S ·

f ( x ) 3 2 cos ¨ x ¸?

© 5 10 ¹

II. The graph is shifted to the right 2.

2 6

(D) I and II only (E) I and III only

12 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

( )

(A) 2cis __

2 ( )

π (B) 2cis ___

10 ( )

9π (C) 2cis 11π

____

10

( )

(D) 2cis 13π ( )

____ (E) 2cis 17π

10

____

10

value of n for which |an| > 1,000,000?

(A) 11 (B) 12 (C) 13 (D) 14 (E) 15

41. Which of the following statements is true about the graph of the

(2x − 3)( x + 2)(2x − 1)

function f ( x ) = ?

4x 2 − 9

9

I. f(x) = has two solutions.

4

7

II. f(x) = has two solutions.

6

III. The range of the function is the set of real numbers.

(A) III only (B) I and II only (C) II and III only

(D) I and III only (E) I, II, and III

1

(A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 61 (D) 67 (E) 259

3

centroid of �QRS is located at point T. What is the distance from

T to QR?

5

(A) 2 15 (B) 15 (C) 3 15

2

7

(D) 15 (E) 5 15

2

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 13

AD = DC = 8, AC = BC = 6, m∠ADC = 60°. The area of ABCD is

(D) 8 5 + 16 3 (E) 48

5

x 2 + 8x − 16 x 2 + 8x − 16 x 2 + 8x − 34

(A) (B) (C)

x+4 (x + 4)

2

x+4

x 2 + 8x − 34 −16 − 8x − x 2

(D) 2

(E) 2

(x + 4) (x + 4)

(a + b)n − (a − b)n?

n

I. It has terms if n is even.

2

n +1

II. It has terms if n is odd.

2

III. The exponent on the last term is always n.

(A) I only (B) II only (C) I and II only

(D) I and III only (E) II and III only

47. In �VWX, sin(X) = 8 and cos(W) = ___

17 5 2

85 85 85 85 85

14 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

( x + 1) 2 ( y – 1) 2

48. The intersection of the hyperbola – = 1 and the

8 9

( x + 1)2 ( y − 1)2

ellipse + = 1 is

32 18

(A) (3,4), (3,–4), (–5,4), (–5,–4)

(B) (3,2), (3,–2), (–5,2), (–5,–2)

(C) (3,4), (3,–2), (–5,4), (–5,–2)

(D) (–3,4), (–3,–2), (5,4), (5,–2)

(E) (3,–4), (3,2), (–5,–4), (–5,2)

49. The equation 8x6 + 72x5 + bx4 + cx3 – 687x2 – 2160x – 1700 = 0, as

shown in the figure, has two complex roots. The product of these com-

plex roots is

17

(A) –4 (B) ___ –687

(C) 9 (D) _____ 425

(E) ____

2 2 2

50. If sin(A) = ___ 3π < A < 2π, and cos(B) 0 = ____

–8 , ___ –24 3π ,

, π < B < ___

17 2 25 2

cos(2A + B) =

−5544 −2184 −3696 2184

(A) (B) (C) (D)

7225 7225 7225 7225

5544

(E)

7225

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 15

1. (D) The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180, so

2x + 4 + 4x − 12 + 3x + 8 = 180. Combine and solve: 9x = 180, or

x = 20. m∠Q = 44, m∠R = 68, and m∠S = 68. �QRS is isosceles, and

QR = QS. Solve y + 9 = 3y − 13 to get y = 11. The sum of the sides is

6y − 11, so the perimeter is 6(11) − 11 = 55.

J N

3` - 3 j + 2 K 3` - 3 j + 2 O

2. (B) g ` - 3 j = 4 =K 4 4 -9 + 8 -1 1

O = - 15 - 4 = - 19 = 19 .

4 5` - 3 j - 1 K 5` - 3 j - 1 O 4

4 L 4 P

10

dard form, this makes the equation 10x + y = C. Substitute the coordi-

nates of G to get 10x + y = –26.

5. (B) The figure formed when the figure is rotated about the vertical

axis is a hemisphere. The total surface area of the figure is the area of the

hemisphere (2πr2) plus the area of the circle that serves as the base (πr2).

With r = 6, the total surface area is 108π sq cm.

g(f(2)) = g(15) = 8(15) + 7 = 127.

3 1

7. (D) The factors of 36 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 36. = ,

12 4

6 18

= 1, and = 9 . The ratio of the factors cannot be 2.

6 2

16 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

problem into a simple fraction rather than a complex fraction.

J 2 1 N

K 3 + x - 4 O 3^x - 4h 2^x - 4h + 3

Oc 3 ^ x - 4 h m = 3x - 12 - 2 = 3x - 14 .

2x - 5

K 2

K 1 - 3x - 12 O

L P

2

a +4ab

=

125

^3 625 h becomes 53 5

3a 2 -10ab a2 4 ab 2

4 / 3 3a 10 ab

. Set the exponents equal

3 3

that a = 4 .

b 21

___ ___

10. (D) NL is

parallel to the altitude from K to HJ

. As a consequence,

�NLH ~ �KZH, and LN = .6KZ and HN = .6HZ. With LN = 6 and HN

= .6(4) = 2.4, the area of �NLH is .5(6)(2.4) = 7.2.

−4 − 2 −6 −1

11. (C) The slope of AB is = = . The slope of the perpen-

3 − ( −9) 12 2

dicular line is 2. The midpoint of AB is (–3,–1), so the equation of the

perpendicular bisector is y + 1 = 2(x + 3).

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 17

is inscribed in a semicircle, so ∠ACB is a right angle. Consequently,

∠TCB is a right angle and �TCB a right triangle. Using the Pythagorean

Theorem, TC2 + CB2 = TB2 yields 36 + CB2 = 96. CB2 = 60, so CB =

60 = 2 15 .

3-5 2 5-3 2

- 125 – 243 = –184.

2 2

14. (C) Adding a constant to a set of data shifts the center of the data

but does not alter the spread of the data.

15. (C) The segment joining the midpoints of two sides of a triangle

is half as long as the third side. DE is the consequence of the 4th set of

4

BC 2 16

( )

2

area �FDE 1 1

the ratio of corresponding sides so = = . The area

area �ABC 16 256

area �ABC 128 1

of �FDE = = = .

256 256 2

16. (B) The function g(x) = 2f(x − 2) + 1 moves the graph of f(x) right

2, stretches the y-coordinates from the x-axis by a factor of 2, and moves

the graph up 1 unit. Use the points (0,3), (3,0), and (5,0) from f(x) to

follow the motions.

17. (C) The end behavior of a rational function is not impacted by any

constants that are added or subtracted to a term. Consequently, the 175

in the denominator of b(t) will have no impact on the value of b(t) when

the values of t get sufficiently large. The function b(t) reduces to 380 when t

is sufficiently large. (Graphing this function with your graphing calculator

gives a very clear picture of the maximum value of the function.)

18 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

18. (C) The radius of the sphere is 25. The distance from the center of

the sphere to the intersecting plane lies along the perpendicular. Use the

Pythagorean Theorem to get r2 + 142 = 252 or r2 = 429. The area of the

circle formed by the plane and sphere is πr2, or 429π.

3x 1 3x 1

3 1 3 1

2x 9 2x 9 2x 9

19. (B) g(g(x)) = = =

3x 1 3x 1 2x 9

2 9 2 9

2x 9 2x 9

3(3 x 1) (2 x + 9) 9x − 3 − 2x − 9 7x − 12

= = .

2(3 x 1) + 9(2 x + 9) 6x − 2 + 18x + 81 24x + 79

1

20. (D) The area of a triangle is given by the formula A= absin(θ).

2

1

Substituting the given information, 750= (48)(52)sin(θ). Solving this

2

equation for Q yields that Q = 37° or 143°. If m∠Q = 37°, then ∠E

would be the largest angle of the triangle, and that measure, found using

the Law of Cosines, would be 78°, less than 143°.

= (3c)2 = a2. Therefore, a = b.

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 19

22. (B) Drop the altitude from E to WH with the foot of the altitude

being L. LH = 15. Use the 30-60-90 relationship to determine that

LE = 5 3 and EH = 10 3 . �EHZ is also 30-60-90, so HZ = 10 and

EZ = 20. �EYZ is an isosceles triangle, making ZY = 20. In �THY,

HZ EZ 1 XZ 2

EZ || TY , so = = . Therefore, = .

HY TY 3 TY 3

23. (B) With SSS information, use the Law of Cosines to determine the

measure of the largest angle (which is located opposite the longest side).

342 = 252 + 292 − 2(25)(29) cos(θ). 2(25)(29) cos(θ) = 252 + 292 − 342,

2 2 2

5 8

- 4 - 3 2 i is also. The sum of the roots is - 8 = - b and the product

5 8 5 a

2 2

5 8 25 64 800

mon denominator for the sum of the roots gives - 1280 = - b . With

800 a

a = 800, b = 1280, and c = 737, the equation is 800x2 + 1280x + 737 = 0.

y-2

25. (D) cos(2t) = x − 1 and sin(t) = . Use the identity cos(2t) =

3

1 − 2sin2(t) to get x - 1 = 1 - 2 c m or x - 2 =- 2 ^ y - 2 h2 .

y-2 2

3 9

20 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

26. (B) There is no indication in the problem that titles are associ-

ated with any of the positions on the committee, so this problem rep-

resents a combination (order is not important). There are 14 people

to choose from, so the number of combinations is C5 = 2002. A

14

Democrats and 0 Republicans, 4 Democrats and 1 Republican, or 3

Democrats and 2 Republicans. The number of ways this can happen

is (8C5 )(6C0 ) + (8C4 )(6C1 ) + (8C2 )(6C2 ) = 1316. Therefore, the prob-

ability that the Democrats will have more members on the committee

1316

than the Republicans is .

2002

27. (B) 2u − 3v = [2(–5) − 3(3), 2(4) − 3(–1)] = [–19, 11]. |2u − 3v |, the

distance from the origin to the end of the vector, = ( 19)2 +112 = 502 .

1 , and

2

its midpoint is (–7,6). The equation of the perpendicular bisector to AB

equation of the perpendicular bisector of AC is y = x + 1. The intersec-

tion of y = –2x − 8 and y = x + 1 is (–3,–2).

1 2

29. (D) The volume of the original pyramid is s h. The volume of

3

1

the new pyramid is (8s ) 2H , where H is the new height. Set these

3

1 1

expressions equal to get s 2 h = (8s ) 2H . Solve for H: 1.5625h. The

3 3

height needs to be increased by 56.25% to keep the volume the same.

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 21

20cis c 19r m

18

30. (A) = 4cis ` 15r j = 4cis ` 5r j = 4 cos ` 5r j + 4i sin ` 5r j

5cis c 2 r

m

18 6 6 6

9

= 4 c - 3 m + 4i ` 1 j =- 2 3 + 2i .

2 2

3 5 4

as

( b c ). Apply the properties of logarithms to simplify the numerator

a2

3 5 4

log b

log b a 2 ( ) 1 1 1

(

log b b 5 c 4 ) ( )

log b b 5 + log b c 4 ( )

and denominator of the fraction. 3 = 3 3

2 log b (a) 2 log b (a )

5 4 5 4

log b (b ) + log b (c ) + y

5 + 4y

= 3 3 = 3 3 = , recalling that logb(b) = 1.

2 log b (a ) 2x 6x

32. (C) The center of the hyperbola is (–3,1). Because the focus is at (7,1),

( x + 3) 2 ( y – 1) 2

– = 1.

a2 b2

The focus is 10 units from the center of the hyperbola. The equation of

the asymptotes for a horizontal hyperbola (found by replacing the 1 with

b b 3

a zero) become y − 1 = (x + 3). The ratio must equal , and a2 +

a a 4

( x + 3)2 ( y − 1)2

b2 = 102, so a = 8 and b = 6, giving the equation − = 1.

64 36

33. (B) The volume of the original cone is 1 r ^8 h2 12 = 128r and the

3

volume at the time in question is half this amount. The ratio of the

radius of the circle at the water’s surface to the height of the water is 2:3.

At any given time, the volume of the water, in terms of the height of the

2

3 3 3 27

22 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

27

27 to get h3 = 864 = 9 96 = 27 32 = 27 8 4. Therefore, h = 6 3 4 .

4r

gives sin(t) = 1 − 2 sin2(t) or 2 sin2(t) + sin(t) − 1= 0. Factor and solve:

1

(2 sin(t) − 1)(sin(t) + 1) = 0 so sin(t) = , –1. In the interval 0 ≤ t ≤ 2π,

2

the answer to this problem would be ' r , 5r , 3r 1 . Subtract 4π from

6 6 2

each of these answer to satisfy the domain restriction of the problem,

'

2 1

- 23r , - 19r , - 5r .

6 6

35. (B) Sketch the graph of y = |2x − 3||x − 1| − 2 on your graphing cal-

culator and see that y(2) = 0, so this point needs to be eliminated from

the interval from 1 < x < 5.

5

Algebraically: Determine those values for which |2x − 3||x − 1| = 2

and then analyze the inequality. |2x − 3||x − 1| = 2 requires that 2x –

3|x – 1| = 2 or 2x – 3|x – 1| = –2.

If 2x – 3|x – 1| = 2 then 2x – 2 = 3|x – 1|. If x > 1, this equation be-

comes 2x – 2 = 3x – 3 or x = 1. If x < 1, the equation becomes 2x – 2 =

–3x + 3 or x = 1.

If 2x – 3|x – 1| = –2, then 2x + 2 = 3|x – 1|. If x > 1, this equation be-

comes 2x + 2 = 3x – 3 or x = 5. If x < 1, the equation becomes 2x + 2 =

–3x + 3 or x =

1.

5

Given |2x − 3||x − 1| = 2 when x =

1 , 1, and 5, you can check that

5

x = 0 fails to solve the inequality, x = 2 satisfies the inequality, and that

1 and

5

5, with the exception of x = 1, satisfy the inequality.

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 23

/ 12c 23 m

3 k

36. (C) is an infinite geometric series with |r| < 1 and first

k =0

term equal to 12. The sum of the series is 12 = 36. In the same way,

1- 2

3

/ 18` -21 j 18

3 k

= = 12. The difference in these values is 24.

k =0

1 - `- 1 j

2

37. (B) Use matrices to solve the equation [A]–1[B] = [C] where [A] =

3 -4 2 33 5

>2 8 - 1H and [B] = > H

- 8 . [C] = >- 2 3H so 1 = 5, 1 = - 2 , and

x y 3

4 -6 -3 11 6

5 ` 2 j 6

1 = 6 . x − y + z = 1 - - 3 + 1 = 31 . Therefore, 1 = 30 .

z 30 x-y+z 31

5 10 5 2

1

amplitude of the function is |–2| = 2, the graph is shifted to the right ,

2

2r

5

and the period of the function is 3r = 10 . f c 5 m = f c 31 m = + 7.

5 3 2 6 2 2

39. (C) The polar coordinate form for 32i is 32cis ` r j . DeMoivre’s

2

Theorem states that if z = rcis(θ), then zn = rncis(nθ). The radius is 2 for

all the choices, so the leading coefficient is not the issue. Of the five

10 10 5

40. (D) The terms of the sequence generated by this recursion formula

are: 4, –3, 17, 43, –95, –319, 767, 2491, –5939, –19351, 46175, 150403,

–358859, –1168927, 2789063, 9084907.

24 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

41. (D) The denominator of the function factors to (2x + 3)(2x − 3), so

the function reduces. The graph of f(x) has a hole at the point c 3 , 7 m .

2 6

f(2.5) = 2.25, so statement I is correct, and inspection of the graph of

f(x) on your graphing calculator will verify that statement III is also true.

42. (D) g–1(13) = a means that g(a) = 13. This leads to the equation

9log8(x − 3) − 5 = 13. Add 5 and divide by 9 to get log8(x − 3) = 2.

Rewrite the logarithmic equation as an exponential equation: x − 3 = 82

= 64 so x = 67.

43. (C) The centroid is the intersection of the medians of the triangle.

The median from Q to RS is also the altitude to RS. Use the Pythagorean

Theorem to show that this altitude has length 602 − 152 = 15 15. The

2

centroid lies of the way along the median, so T is 5 15 units from RS.

3

�RST, �QST, and �QRT are all equal in area. The area of �RST is

1 ^5 15 h^30 h = 75 15 . The area of �QRT = 1 h(60) = 30h = 75 15

2 2

75 5

so h = 15 = 15.

30 2

44. (D) The altitude to the base of an isosceles triangle also bisects the

vertex angle, so m∠ADE = 30. With the hypotenuse of the triangle hav-

ing a length of 8, AE = 4 and DE = 4 3 . �AEC is a right angle with

leg 4 and hypotenuse 6. Use the Pythagorean Theorem to determine

that BE = 2 5 . The area of a quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 25

1 ^8 h^2 5 + 4 3 h = 8 5 + 16 3 .

2

§ x4· x4

45. (D) T csc 1 ¨ ¸ implies that csc(T ) and that

© 5 ¹ 5

5 . Use the Pythagorean Theorem to determine that

sin(T )

x4

2 2

the remaining leg of the right triangle has length ( x + 4) − 5 =

x 2 8x 9

x + 8 x − 9 so that cos(T )

2

. cos(2θ) = cos2(θ) − sin2(θ)

x4

2

§ x 2 8 x 9 · § 5 · 2 x 2 8x 9 25 x 2 8x 34

= ¨ ¸ ¨ ¸ = .

¨ x4 ¸ © x4¹ ( x 4)2

( x 4)2 ( x 4)2

© ¹

46. (C) Both (a + b)n and (a − b)n contain n + 1 terms when they are

expanded. All the odd terms in (a − b)n will be positive, and the even

terms will be negative.

2 2

expansion of (a − b) . The odd terms will subtract out, leaving n terms.

n

2

The last terms in the expansions of both binomials, bn, will subtract out

of the answer.

If n is odd, there will be an equal number of even and odd terms.

The odd terms will subtract out leaving n terms in the difference.

2

17 5 17

5

cos(180 − (W + X)) = –cos(W + X). –cos(W + X) = sin(W)sin(X) −

26 SAT Math 1 & 2 Subject teSt

1 + 77

cos(W)cos(X) = c 4 m` 8 j - c - 3 m` 15 j = 77 . cos ` V j = 85 =

5 17 5 17 85 2 2

162 = 81 = 9 .

170 85 85

17 5

(a + b))) = .976187 and compare this decimal to the choices available.

( x 1)2 ( y 1)2

48. (C) Multiply both sides of the equation 1 by

32 18

( x + 1)2 ( y − 1)2 ( x 1) 2 ( y 1) 2

2 to get + = 2. Add this to 1 to get

16 9 8 9

3( x + 1)2

= 3 so that (x + 1)2 = 16, x + 1 = 4 and x = 3 or –5. Substitute

16

( x + 1)2 ( y - 1)2 ( y 1) 2

x = 3 into the equation + = 2 to get 1 . Solve

16 9 9

so that (y − 1)2 = 9 or y − 1 = 3 and y = 4 or –2. Check that these

are the same values of y you get when x = –5. The coordinates of the

four points of intersection for these two graphs are (3,4), (3,–2), (–5,4),

and (–5,–2).

49. (B) The graph of the function shows that x = –2.5 is a dou-

ble root, and x = –2 and x = 2 are single roots. This implies that

(2x + 5)2(x + 2)(x – 2) is a factor of 8x6 + 72x5 + bx4 + cx3 − 687x2 −

2160x – 1700 = 0. When expanded, (2x + 5)2(x + 2)(x – 2) is a

SAT MATHEMATICS LEVEL 2 PRACTICE TEST 27

constant of –100. This means that the remaining quadratic factor must

be of the form 2x2 + bx + 17 in order for the leading coefficient to be 8

and the constant to be –1700. The product of the complex roots from

the quadratic is c = 17 .

a 2

8 3S 15

50. (A) sin(A) = , < A < 2π, gives cos(A) = while

17 2 17

−24 3S

cos(B) = , π< B < , gives sin(B) = - 7 . cos(2A) = cos2(A) −

25 2 25

2 2

17 17 289

2 c 15 mc - 8 m = - 240 .

17 17 289

289 25

c mc m

- 240 - 7 = - 5544 .

289 25 7225

and angle B. ∠A is a fourth quadrant angle and is equal to 2π −

sin–1(8/17) [note that sin–1(8/17) is the reference (acute) angle].

∠B = π + cos–1(24/25). Store each of these expressions into your cal-

culator’s memory and have the calculator compute cos(2A + B). There

is a good chance that your calculator will not be able to convert the

decimal response to a fraction, but you can change the fractions from

the choices to decimals.

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