TYPES OF WINE GLASSES When an individual is invited to fine dining setting one must take inconsideration that there

are different types of wine glasses for different types of wine. There are four basic
types of wine glasses – red, white, sparkling, and dessert

Components of A Wine Glasses

All wine glasses have a base, a stem, and a bowl, the base, allows the glass to stand upright. The stem allows easy access in holding the glass, this prevent the transfer of heat to the glass which will affect the temperature of the wine and cause changes in taste. The stem also prevents smudges on the bowl which will distract visual enjoyment of the wine. Different shaped glasses are used to accentuate the unique

characteristics of different styles of wine Wine glass should not be thick, they should be thin Crystal or a similar glass, especially blown glass, are preferable because they are
thin. Thicker glass is thought to affect the taste of the wine, making it difficult to properly sip your wine.

WINE Glasses Shape and Size

A wine glass is a type of glass stemware that is used to drink and taste wine. It is generally composed of three parts: the bowl, stem, and foot. Selection of a particular wine glass for a wine style is important, as the glass shape can influence its perception All
wine glass will have a slightly different shape, depending on the type of wine to be served ,this is important, as it concentrates the flavor and aroma to emphasize the

varietal's characteristic.

Red wine

white wine

sparkling wine {flute}

It is designed for full bodied. you may want both Bordeaux and a Burgundy glass. this contribute to the trapping of excess air and allowing its aromas to be released. .The bowls of all wine glasses will be pointed upward with a slightly narrower opening at the top than at the bottom. yet the bowl is not quite as large. A Bordeaux glass is taller. heavier red wines such as Cabernets and Merlots. The tallness of the glass allows the wine to proceed directly to the back of the mouth to maximize its flavor. For red wine. A red wine glass bowl will be fuller and rounder with a larger opening to allow the drinker to enjoy the aroma of the wine before or while drinking. This shape helps to capture and distribute the wine's aroma toward the drinker mouth and nose. Swirling your wine serves a very important purpose Red wine glasses . Both red and white wine glasses bowl must be large enough to swirl the wine.

The wine glass for younger whites has a slightly larger opening directing the wine to the tip and sides of the tongue to taste its sweetness. giving a far more pleasant visual appeal. The shape is designed to keep sparkling wine desirable during its consumption. The glass is designed to be held by the stem to help prevent the heat from the hand from warming the champagne. to the wide and shallow glasses used to drink Chardonnay A white wine glass bowl will be more U shaped and upright allowing the aromas to be released while also maintaining a cooler temperature. Dessert wines generally have higher alcohol content. Champagne flutes Champagne flutes are characterised by a long stem with a tall. . one for younger crisp wines and one for more mature. The flute design adds to the aesthetic appeal of champagne. allowing the bubbles to travel further due to the narrow design. This is achieved by reducing the surface area at the opening of the bowl. many white wine glasses will have a smaller mouth. making the small glass perfect for a smaller serving. A dessert wine glass should be smaller to direct the wine to the back of the mouth so the sweetness doesn't overwhelm. from the delicately tapered Champagne flute. The glass for more mature whites will be straighter and taller to dispense the wine to the back and sides of the tongue to taste its bolder flavors. the rate of oxidization. fuller white wines. which reduces surface area and in turn. To preserve a crisp. clean flavor. The bowl itself is designed in a manner to help retain the signature carbonation in the beverage. A sparkling wine glass (or flute) will be vertical and narrower to retain the carbonation and to capture the flavor in the beverage. narrow bowl on top. White wine.White wine glasses White wine glasses vary enormously in size and shape. can serve in two types of wine glasses.

Wine is one of the few commodities that can improve with age but it can also rapidly deteriorate if kept in inadequate conditions. the Champagne house of Louis Roederer uses cellophane wrap to protect its premium cuvee Cristal from light. In there research. light-bodied white wines are very delicate to light exposure and are often packaged in darkly tinted wine bottles that offer some protection from the light.Most wine produced today is meant for imediate consumption . it can allow oxygen to enter the bottle. For example. which may hinder identification or hurt potential resale value. one side of the cork is still exposed to air.Dessert wine glass WINE STORAGE Storage is an important consideration for any wine that is being kept for long-term aging. If the cork begins to dry out. filling the ullage space and possibly causing the wine to spoil or oxidize. As a way of maintaining optimal humidity. In wine storage conditions. whether it be sunlight or incandescent. wines are stored in corrugated boxes or wooden crates to protect the wines from direct ligh. The three factors that have the most direct impact on a wine's condition are light. Even when wine bottles are stored on their sides. light green and blue colored bottles are the most vulnerable to light and may need extra precautions for storage. Wine experts such as Jancis Robinson note that 75% humidity is often cited as ideal but there is very little significant research to definitively establish an optimal range. Concern about humidity is one of the primary reasons why wine experts such as Tom Stevenson recommends that wine should not be kept in a refrigerator since the refrigeration process often includes dehumidifying. ocasionally it is being kept for long term storage. Wines packaged in clear. . Some wine experts debate the importance of humidity for proper wine storage. the wine being packaged in a clear bottle. which can quickly dry out corks. Excessive humidity can also pose the risk of damaging wine labels. Delicate. Lichine recommends spreading half an inch of gravel on the floor of a wine cellar and periodically sprinkling it with some water. there are three factors that have the most pronounced effect on the wine: light. humidity and temperature. can adversely react with phenolic compounds in the wine and create potential wine faults. . Alexis Lichine contends that low humidity can still be detrimental to premium wine quality due to the risk of the cork drying out. Some degree of humidity is required in order to keep wines with cork enclosures from drying out. In the cellar. Direct light. humidity and temperature.

The exact length of time that a wine is at risk of exposure to high temperatures will vary depending on the wine. Most experts. the wine can freeze and expand. As you learned wine is very susceptible to changes in temperature. this will allow more oxygen to be exposed to the wine. Wine shoud not exposed to too high a temperature (in excess of 77 °F (25 °C)) for long periods of time.Temperature and other factors Madeira is exposed to high temperatures during its winemaking process and is thereby able to sustain exposure to higher temperatures more easily than other wines. such as Jancis Robinson. Impressive temperature swings (such as repeated transferring a wine from a warm room to a cool refrigerator) can also cause adverse chemical reactions in the wine that may lead to a variety of wine faults. with some wines (such as Madeira which is exposed to high temperatures during its winemaking) being able to sustain exposure to high temperatures more easily than other. this will result in spoilage which causes off flavors that taste raisiny or stewed. If the wine is exposed to temperatures that are too cold. more delicate wines (such as Riesling). with temperature control being an important consideration in wine storage. causing the cork to be pushed out. . recommend that wine be kept at constant temperatures between 50 and 59 °F (10 and 15 °C) Tom Stevenson speculates that 52 °F (11 °C) may be the most ideal temperature for storage and aging.

Some wineries package their wines upside down in the box for much the same reason. the more slowly a wine develops. The thinking behind this orientation is that the cork is more likely to stay moist and not dry out if it is kept in constant contact with the wine. When exposed to higher temperatures the bubble compresses. When temperatures drop. a wine has a greater potential to develop complexity and a more aromatic bouquet if it is allowed to age slowly in a relatively cool environment. and if the wine is tilted at an angle. . it has been argued. Orientation of the bottle Most wine racks are designed to allow a wine to be stored on its side. recommend keeping wine intended for aging in a cool area with a constant temperature around 55 °F (13 °C). Wine can be stored at temperatures as high as 69 °F (21 °C) without long-term negative effect. Vibrations and heat fluctuations can hasten a wine's deterioration and cause adverse effect to it. In general. Wine expert Karen MacNeil. ejecting some wine in the process.The storage condition of the bottled wine will influence a wine's aging. the rate of chemical reactions in wine doubles with each 18 °F (8 °C) increase in temperature. this compressed gas will diffuse through the cork and not harm the wine. If the wine is completely on its side then this compression will cause the bubble located in the middle of the bottle to push toward the cork. Professor Cornelius Ough of the University of California. rather than completely horizontal. The lower the temperature. Davis believes that wine can be exposed to temperatures as high as 120 °F (49 °C) for a few hours and not be damaged. the bubble expands and forms a space that brings more oxygen into the wine. This is because the air bubble that is the ullage space expands and contracts depending on temperature fluctuation. speeding up the oxidation process. allows for a slower and more gradual oxidation and maturation process. On average. Research in the late 1990s suggested that the ideal orientation for wine bottles is at a 45 degree angle. Keeping the ullage near the top. This allows the cork to maintain partial contact with the wine in order to stay damp but also keeps the air bubble formed by a wine's ullage at the top rather than in the middle of the bottle if the wine is lying on its side.

The preference for upright storage of Champagne is shared by the Comité Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne (CIVC) who conducted an extensive study of Champagnes that were stored in various conditions and orientations. Alternative wine closures Storing wine that is bottled with alternative wine closures other than cork have many of the same considerations in regards to temperature and light sensitivity. While most wines can benefit from lying on their side. Some wine connoisseurs may prefer to store their wine at home in a suitable room or closet. This is because the internal pressure caused by the trapped carbonic gas provides enough humidity and protection from oxygen. Champagne and other sparkling wines tend to age better if they are kept upright. the relative recent popularity and increased usage of these closures have not given much opportunity for much research into the storage and aging potential of wines that use these closures. Wine will prematurely develop if stored in an environment that has large temperature variations. particularly if these occur frequently.Champagne is often recommended to be stored upright rather than lying on its side. Other options involve purchases and rentals at off-site wine storage facilities that are specifically designed for the task. Wine should never be stored in . Places to store wine Since the end of the 20th century. This study found that Champagne stored on its side aged more quickly because oxygen was allowed to seep in after the Champagne corks lost their elasticity due to contact with the moist wine. there has been growth in industries relating to wine storage. While humidity and concerns about oxidation are not as pronounced.

Store for an appropriate amount of time. keep it lightly wrapped up in a cloth. or simply put the bottle inside a box out of the way. Even vibrations from heavy traffic motors or generators may negatively affect the wine Isolate the wine. The variations cause corks to expand and contract which leads to oxidation of the wine.Deep red wines: 59-66F (15-19C . Temperature control systems ensure the wine cellar temperature is very stable. Don't move the wine. rose and dry white wines: 46-57F (8-14C) Sparkling wines and champagne: 43-47F (6-8C) Light red wine: 55F (13C) . Red wines can be stored and aged for anywhere between 2-10 years to mature. such as racks and wine refrigerators.6 °F) as this will inhibit the development of the wine. Climate Controlled Wine Storage maintains moderate humidity levels (55%-75%) to avoid these problems and assist in the optimum wine development conditions.These appliances can feature adjustable temperature interfaces. Others produce smaller wine accessories. Blush.} Adjust the temperature before serving. acid and tannins. so don't store it with anything that has a strong smell. If wine is stored in conditions that are too dry. but enough UV rays can still penetrate to ruin the wine. however. Right before drinking the wine. wine stored in temperatures that are too warm (over 19 °C/66. Try not to move a bottle at all once it is stored. Good ventilation may help prevent must odour from entering the wine. and mould and contamination may occur. Similarly. Remember that wine "breathes". Different wines taste best at slightly different temperatures. If possible. Darker bottles are better protected and some bottles have UV filters built into the glass. depends on the type of red wine and the balance of its sugar. Most white wines should be consumed after 2-3 years of storage (though select White Burgundies{ Chardonnays} can be aged ovr 20 years. Too moist.temperatures that are too cold (under 12 °C/53. If you can't keep a bottle entirely out of the light. which may vary from the temperature in which they were stored. Other industries focus on the construction of home wine cellars and wine caves. and materials which protect the wine from the sun and ambient environment. the cork will shrink and cause leakage. as the smell will permeate through the cork and taint the wine. two chambers for red and white wines. allow the temperature to rise or fall to the appropriate serving temperature. small rooms or spaces in which to store wine. This.2 °F) will cause overly rapid development of your wine. store the wines in such a way that you don't need to move them in order to reach a bottle to drink.

you don’t need to worry that it will spoil or a few days Keep dessert wines like Sauternes. Leave red wine out. If you only have one. If there is only a little bit of wine left. most everyday Ports and most Sherries for longer. . Cork the bottle tightly. They will resist degradation for more than 3-5 days. try transferring it to a smaller bottle. If you have multiple refrigerators.Store opened white wine in a wine cellar or closet. you can also purchase a wine stopper and pump. try not to leave the fridge open for extended periods of time. As long as you place the cork in the bottle and put the bottle in a dark place. put it in the fridge. This will generally only keep the wine for three to five days if you have already opened it. though there are other ways to ensure that it stays good Minimize its exposure to air. though exatly how long depends on the individual wine. Keep it away from excess amounts of light and heat. put it in the one that is used the least. If you do not have one.

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