0 views

Uploaded by jigyansu

hw1sol

- R Cheatsheet
- A commentary on Newton's Principia Vol 1 J M F Wright
- Mathemagics
- Decline Curve Analysis
- Matrices 3
- 7.1 Sines and Cosines and Their Derivatives
- Assignment 1- Waves and Oscillations
- Solutions Manual Keeler
- Matlab Introduct
- COMPUTER SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT 2017-18
- Exploring_Journal Files - GAMBIT_Fluent
- 3.1 Exponential Functions
- VadaszpaperRev2
- ComplexNumbers (1)
- MATLAB Quick Reference
- MATLAB
- Kupdf.net General Mathematics Grade11 Syllabuspdf
- Zeroes of exponentials sum theorem and Riemann hypothesis
- Dsp Slides Module2 0
- Natural Exponential Project

You are on page 1of 3

Narayanan Kurur

February 1, 2014

1. What are the results of operating on the following functions with the operator d/dx and

d2 /dx2 : (a) exp(− ax2 ), (b) cos(bx ), (c) exp(ikx )? Which functions are eigen functions of

these operators? What are the corresponding eigen values?

d exp(− ax2 ) 2 2

Solution: (a) (i) dx = −2ax exp(− ax2 ); (ii) d expdx(−2 ax ) = −2a exp(− ax2 ) (−2ax2 + 1)

bx 2 cos bx d2

(b) (i) d cos

dx = −b sin bx; (ii) d dx 2 = −b2 sin bx; cos bx is an eigenfunction of dx 2 with

an eigenvalue of −b2

ikx 2 ikx d2

(c) (i) dedx = ikeikx ; (ii) ddxe 2 = −k2 eikx ; eikx is an eigen function of dx d

and dx 2 with

2

eigenvalue of ik and −k respectively.

√

2. Which of the following operators are linear? (a) d/dx; (b) ; (c) exponentiation; (d)

integration.

Solution: An operator, Op, ˆ is linear if it satisfies the relation Op ˆ ( a f ( x ) + bg( x ) =

ˆ ˆ d

aOp f ( x ) + bOpg( x ). Of the operators given, dx and integration satisfy the relation given

√

above and are linear. You can verify that and exponentiation are not linear. For

√ √ √

example, we know that 3 + 2 6= 3 + 2, and similarly for exponentiation.

( P + Q)( P − Q) if P and Q are operators? Under what conditions will this result be

equal to P2 − Q2 .

Solution: For operators P and Q, ( P + Q)( P − Q) = P2 − PQ + QP − Q2 . If PQ = QP,

that is, [ P, Q] = 0, then ( P + Q)( Q − P) = P2 − Q2

d d d 3 d 2

Solution: [z3 , dz ] = z3 dz − dz z = 3z2 and, similarly, [ dx 2

2 , ax + bx + c ] = 2a

5. Prove by induction that [ x̂ n , p̂ x ] = ih̄n x̂ n−1 and that [ x̂, p̂nx ] = ih̄n p̂nx −1 where n is a positive

integer.

Solution: Given the result from the previous problem, this result is easily proved.

6. Which of the following functions cannot be solutions of the Schrödinger equation for all

values of x? Why not? (a) A sec( x ); (b) A tan( x ); (c) A exp( x2 ); (d) A exp(− x2 ).

Solution: (a) No; diverges at x = (2n + 1)π/2; (b) No; diverges at x = (2n + 1)π/2; (c)

No; diverges at x = ∞; (d) Yes.

7. Normalize the following wave functions to unity: (a) sin(nπx/L) for the range 0 x L, (b)

c, a constant in the range − L x L, (c) exp(−r/a0 ) in three dimensions, (d) x exp(−r/2a0 )

in three dimensions.

RL

Solution: (a) A2 0 sin2 ( nπx 2L

L ) dx = A 2

L

(b) A2 − L c2 dx = A2 c2 2L

R

R∞

2r

2 dr π sin θ dθ 2π dφ; Note the volume elements

(c) A2

R R

0

exp − a0 r 0 0

R∞ Rπ 3 R 2π

(d) Substituting x = r sin θ cos φ, we get A2 0 exp − 2r 4 2

a0 r dr 0 sin θ dθ 0 cos φ dφ

8. Construct the squares of the following operators: (a) D̂φ( x ) = ∂φ( x )/∂x, (b) 4̂φ( x ) =

R1

−∂2 φ( x )/∂x2 , (c) Q̂φ( x ) = 0 dx 0 φ( x 0 ), (d) F̂φ( x ) = F ( x )φ( x ), (e) B̂φ( x ) = 31 φ( x ), (f)

P̂φ = φ3 − 3φ2 − 4, (g) Ĝφ( x ) = (d/dx + x )φ( x ). Which of these operators are linear?

∂2 φ ∂4 φ R1 R1 3

Solution: (a) ∂x2 ; (b) ∂x4 ; (c) 0 dx 00 0 dx 0 ; (d) F2 ( x )φ( x ); (e) 19 φ( x ); (f) (φ3 − 3φ2 − 4) −

d2 d

3 (φ3 − 3φ2 − 4) − 4; (g) dx2

+ 2x dx + x2 + 1)φ( x ). Operators a, b, c, e, and g are linear.

9. Write down the Schrödinger for the following systems: (a) a particle of mass m in a

cubical box of side a; (b) a particle of mass m in a spherical box of radius a; (c) a particle

of mass m moving on the x-axis subjected to a force directed towards the origin, of

magnitude proportional to the distance from the origin; (d) an electron moving in the

presence of a nuclear charge + Ze; (e) two electrons moving in the presence of a fixed

nucleus of charge + Ze.

2

h̄

Solution: (a) − 2m ∇2 ψ( x, y, z) = Eψ( x, y, z)

2

h̄

(b) − 2m ∇2 ψ(r, θ, φ) = Eψ(r, θ, φ)

(c) You are given that F = −kx, where x is theR displacement from equilibrium. Given that

F = − dVdx , we find that the potential V = − F dx = 1

2 kx 2 . So the Schrödinger equation is

2 2

h̄ d ψ( x )

− 2m + 12 kx2 ψ( x ) = Eψ( x ).

dx22

h̄ Ze2

(d) − 2m ∇2 − 4πe 0r

ψ(r, θ, φ) = Eψ(r, θ, φ)

2 2

h̄ h̄ Ze2 Ze2

(e) − 2m ∇21 − 2m ∇22 − 4πe 0 r1

− − 4πe0 r2 ψ (r1 , θ1 , φ1 , r2 , θ2 , φ2 ) = Eψ (r1 , θ1 , φ1 , r2 , θ2 , φ2 )

10. Let s be the number of spots shown by a die thrown at random. (a) Calculate hsi. (b)

Calculate ∆s.

Solution: hsi = ∑i pi i, where pi is the probability of the die face showing i. The result is

hsi = 61 (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6) = 21 = 3.5. Similarly hs2 i = 61 (1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + 25 + 36) =

p √6

15.166 and ∆s = hs2 i − hsi2 = 15.166 − 3.52 .

( x − x0 )2

ip0 x

ψ( x, t) = A exp − exp exp (iω0 t)

4a2 h̄

R∞ −β 2 /2 √

(a) Determine A (You might find the following integral useful: −∞ e dβ = 2π).

(b) Determine the expectation value of position of the particle.

(c) What is the uncertainty in the position?

(d) What is the expectation value of the momentum? And its uncertainty?

Solution:

R∞ 2

(a) A2 a −∞ e−η /2 dη, where η = x−ax0 . Or, A2 = a√12π .

R∞ R∞ 2

(b) h x i = −∞ ψ∗ xψ dx = A2 a2 −∞ e−η 2(η + η0 ) dη, where η0 = xa0 . Notice that by

R∞ 2

symmetry −∞ e−η 2η dη = 0 because it is an integral of an odd function. So the

R∞ 2

result is aη0 A2 a −∞ e−η /2 dη = aη0 = x0

(c) (∆x )2 = h x2 i − h x i2 = a2 + x02 − x02 = a2

R∞ ∗ pˆ ψ dx.

R∞ ∗

R∞ 2

ψ dx = A2 a2 −∞ e−η 2 p0 + ih̄

(d) h p x i = −∞ ψ x Using pˆx = −ih̄ ∂x

∂

, we get −∞ ψ −ih̄ ∂x

∂

2a η) d

p0

12. A particle is in a state described by the wave function ψ = (cos χ) exp(ikx ) + (sin χ) exp(−ikx )

where χ is a parameter. What is the probability that the particle will be found with a

linear momentum (a) +kh̄, (b) −kh̄? What form would the waveunction have if it were

90% certain that the particle had linear momentum +kh̄?

√ √

Solution: (a) cos2 χ; (b) sin2 χ; (c) ψ = 0.9 exp(ikx ) + 0.1 exp(−ikx ).

- R CheatsheetUploaded byStephen Lynch
- A commentary on Newton's Principia Vol 1 J M F WrightUploaded bylondonbluetopaz
- MathemagicsUploaded byFevzi Yasin
- Decline Curve AnalysisUploaded byWilson Kuvingua
- Matrices 3Uploaded byPhine-has
- 7.1 Sines and Cosines and Their DerivativesUploaded byRakesh S India
- Assignment 1- Waves and OscillationsUploaded byPrathamesh Dash
- Solutions Manual KeelerUploaded byvivianemnasc
- Matlab IntroductUploaded byCarlos Enrique Godoy Sifontes
- COMPUTER SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT 2017-18Uploaded byAshok Kumar
- Exploring_Journal Files - GAMBIT_FluentUploaded byshahid nadeem
- 3.1 Exponential FunctionsUploaded bycg5466
- VadaszpaperRev2Uploaded byPeter Vadasz
- ComplexNumbers (1)Uploaded byChin Munez
- MATLAB Quick ReferenceUploaded byLaurentiu Calancea
- MATLABUploaded byBarathKumar
- Kupdf.net General Mathematics Grade11 SyllabuspdfUploaded byCheska Perol
- Zeroes of exponentials sum theorem and Riemann hypothesisUploaded byAlexandre Bali
- Dsp Slides Module2 0Uploaded bySabrina Noor
- Natural Exponential ProjectUploaded bynewengland6
- Periodic FunctionsUploaded byCOSARCOSAR
- TENORIO.pptxUploaded byNorlie Cañete
- How to Think About ExponentialsUploaded byzikibruno
- Meem3750 Lect 2Uploaded byErik Wade
- Introduction to Exponential Functions 32015Uploaded byLeslie Cameron
- ref_03_walters1991 (1)Uploaded byhaitham
- m054_B+DiP_exs.ps !Uploaded byrainleaf2
- Matlabs - Markov, Qr Ls, Shm 1, 2, SirUploaded byOliver He
- Solution Sheet0 2010Uploaded bySha Gordfrr
- 451 Exercise451_Rev_S18Uploaded byGathy Brayoh

- Evaluation of Uncertainty in Quantitative Real-time PCRUploaded byAndré Campelo
- vibnfrUploaded bykavi_sonii
- Formal Report ExtractionUploaded byPhilina Pasicolan
- User Manual for 3D Printer- Ultimaker v1Uploaded byPhilip Salmony
- As Chemistry of Group-2 ElementUploaded byKamrul Alam Masum
- ChE 411 TutorialsUploaded byJoel Ariahu
- A Review of the Biological Response to Ionic Dissolution Products From Bioactive Glasses and Glass-ceramicsUploaded bygaurav
- Propogation of short fatigue cracksUploaded byAnonymous 9PIxHy13
- IAL unità 2 Mark scheme biology 2016Uploaded byElena Chiesa
- 200 Thing 2 Know ChemistryUploaded byMarlette Ravelo
- Staininglabnotes2.pdfUploaded byKina
- "Multi-Wavelength LIDAR System" "aerosol grid" "LASER BASED STAND-OFF DETECTION OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS" chemTrails geoEngineeringUploaded bysisterrosetta
- Linux ChetsheatUploaded byjoko
- Lecture 5Uploaded byKyle Broflovski
- Lafarge Innovation ReviewUploaded byGeorgiana Pătru
- A Study of Synthetic Forsterite Refractory Materials Using Waste Serpentine CuttingUploaded byAlif Ardiansyah Putra
- SPE-28994-PAUploaded byCarlos Alberto Augusto Sánchez Quiñones
- Potentials and Limis of Vegetation Indices for LAI and APAR AssessmentUploaded bynome1995
- Atomic Radius PresentationUploaded bySubhasish Sau
- E4808996d01Uploaded bygerte_yuew
- PAPER 3 BiologyUploaded byNg Wan Lin
- 3rd 4th Mechanical Engineering SyllabusUploaded bywayzodeneeraj
- Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite Nano Particles in Ultrasonic PrecipitationUploaded byJasminVasquez
- Assignment on BacUploaded byRuby Ranjan Sharma
- TDS-100M Manual Ece 1Uploaded byOana Cristina
- ASTM A276Uploaded byOrlando Rojas
- A literature review on Process parameter optimization of Powder Mixed Electric Discharge Machining (PMEDM) using design of experimentUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Dylatometria Ferryt DeltaUploaded byGrzegorz Cios
- An Analyse of Optimum Parameter on Cutting Force and Surface Roughness by TAGUCHI Method during Turning on EN9 (Hard Steel)Uploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Lab Report Zack Chm 138Uploaded byMuhammad Syafiq