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References

Achakzai, J. K. 2011. Causes and Effects of Runaway Children in Crisis: Evidence

from Balochistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review. 49 (2): 211–230

Biehal, N. 2013. The Truth About Runaway Teens. Polly Klass Foundation. Retrieved

September 20, 2018 from http://www.pollyklaas.org/enews-archive/2013-

enews/article-web-pages/the-truth-about-runaways.html.

Dougall, G. 2010. Runaway Children. Tulsa City-Country Library. Retrieved

September 20, 2018 from https://www.tulsalibrary.org/tos/subject/runaway-

children.

Doughty, S. 2011. Less than Fifth of Child Runaways Reported Missing by Parents

and Guardians. The Daily Mail. Retrieve 4 May 2012.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2061597/Children-brokenhomes-

times-likely-run-away.html#ixzz1u32UJmvl.

Lehman, J. 2018. Why Do Kids Run Away. Retrieved September 2018 from

https://www.empoweringparents.com/article/running-away-part-i-why-kids-

do-it-and-how-to-stop-them

Matchinda, B. 1999. The Impact of Home Background on the Decision of Children to

Runaway: The Case of Yaounde City Street Children in Cameroon. Child

Abuse & Neglect. 23(3): 245–55.

Mitchell, K.J. 2002. Child Pornography Production Cases in the Criminal Justice

System. Paper presented at the Victimization of Children & Youth: An

International Research Conference. Portsmouth, NH.

Riaz, U. 2018. Runaways. The Children’s Society, No Child should Feel Alone.
Retrieved September 18, 2018 from https://www.childrenssociety.org.uk

/what-we-do/policy-and-lobbying/children-risk/runaways.

Rees, G. 2016. The Painful Search for China’s Missing Children Slowly Gives

Momentum. The Washington Post. Retrieved September 20, 2018 from

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chinas-missing-children-slowly-gains-momentum/2017/08/13/a0ce1ed8-51b4-

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iety.org.uk/what-we-do/policy-and-lobbying/children-risk/runaways.
Definition of Terms

Adolescent. (of a young person) in the process of developing from a child into

an adult

Alcoholism. an addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor or the mental

illness and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency.

Black-And-White Thinking. occurs when the emotional limbic system inhibits

access to the rational neocortex. The brain gets too ’emotionally aroused’ to think

rationally. It is a feature of all highly emotional states, including depression and anxiety.

Depression. a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a

person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being. A depressed

mood is a normal temporary reaction to life events such as loss of a loved one. It is also

a symptom of some physical diseases and a side effect of some drugs and medical

treatments. Depressed mood is also a symptom of some mood disorders such as major

depressive disorder or dysthymia

Divorce. a judicial declaration dissolving a marriage in whole or in part

especially on that releases the marriage partners from all matrimonial obligations

Familial Aspect. tending to occur in more members of a family than expected by

chance alone

Incorrigibility. incapable of being corrected or reformed

Marital Disharmony. lack of harmony in relating to marriage or the

relationship of a married couple

National Runaway Safeline. (also known as NRS or 1-800-RUNAWAY;

formerly known as National Runaway Switchboard) is the national communications


system designated by the United States federal government for runaway and homeless

youth, their parents and families, teens in crisis, and others who might benefit from its

services. It is confidential, anonymous, non-judgmental, non-directive, and free

Panhandling. also referred to begging, sponging, spanging

Pornographic Materials. are designed to cause sexual excitement by showing

naked people or referring to sexual acts such as films, magazines, newspapers, videos,

etc.

Suicide. the act of intentionally causing one's own death.[6] Depression, bipolar

disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and substance abuse —

including alcoholism and the use of benzodiazepines — are risk factors

Truancy. the action of staying away from school without good reason;

absenteeism