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Annotated Bibliography (APA Style Citation)

By Fatin Nabilah Binti Zainal Abidin

Word Count: 1407

Bleiberg, J., West, D. M. (2015, April 20). How millennials consume the news. Retrieved from

Bleiberg and West wrote this article to test theories saying that Millennials rarely

need news, or did not read any at all. There exists also a stigma about Millennials being

a generation who only read what they want to believe in. To do so, they carried out a

large survey test to determine the credibility of the aforementioned theories. The article

goes through analyzing the obtained results in respect to the Millennials’ interest in

obtaining news as well as the diversity of their readings. The authors backed their

claims by attaching statistics from the results of the survey. According to the authors,

the survey shows that a handful of Millennials choose to rigorously obtain news.

However, many of them, according to the authors, incorporates news to their daily

activities – Facebook being their main source for news. Furthermore, the results of the

survey showed that Millennials are well read in an array of news topic. They want to

be actively in-the-know not only about entertainment news, but also, regarding current

‘hardcore topics’; for instance, according to the authors, “politics and civil rights

issues”. The authors conclude that indeed Millennials are actively seeking for news –

debunking the stigma – although their method to obtain news may differ from their

traditional predecessors.
Rosenstiel, T., Swanson, E., Tompson, T., et al, (2015, March), How Millennials Get News:

Inside the Habits of America’s First Digital Generation, American Press Institute, 1-20.

Retrieved from

The report analyzes results from a survey done about Millennials and news. The entire

report goes through how Millennials get news, how concerned they are about being in-

the-know, as well as the type of news they are most likely to engage in. The study is

based on a claim that Millennials are not interested in seeking news; as a result, they

have narrower perceptions about the world. The study states that Millennials are far

from being ‘newsless’. Rather, due to social media, they are more exposed to a wide

range of news. Generally, Millennials do not actively seek out for news, rather they

bump into them while they scroll through their news feed on social media sites. If the

news interests them, they tend to get help from search engines or reputable news

organizations to get information because they are aware that social media such as

Facebook are unreliable and subjected to bias views. Although statistics from the report

shows that Millennials are not active news seekers, a majority of them does engage in

news at least once daily. Furthermore, Millennials keep up with news for civic (to be

better citizens), social (to allow them to discuss current issues with family and friends)

and practical reasons (to find out weather forecasts, for example). Moreover, contrary

to the tested theory, Millennials are equally engaged in hard news and practical news.

This data debunks theory claiming that Millennials indulge only in lifestyle and

entertainment news when they look for something online. The authors conclude that

Millennials acquire news very differently, but this does not mean that they are not

interested in news.
Hanna, J., Vandoorne, S. (2015, September 4) 'Certainty' that Reunion Island debris is from

MH370, French official says. Cable News Network (CNN). Retrieved from

The article tells the reader about the recent findings about the disappearance of flight

MH370. The authors reported that French investigators are now convinced that the

flaperon found on Reunion Island belongs to the MH370 plane. The announcement was

made by a top French prosecutor. The article gives a brief explanation about the

announcement (about 1/3 portion of the article). Then, the article presented a sub-

heading entitled, ‘Families push for the whole story’. This section focuses on the

responds from victims’ family of the fateful plane. Majority of them are persistent on

getting more information about the status of the plane. The portion allocated to this

section is about 1/3 of the entire article. For the last part of the article, the authors

presented a concise background information about the disappearance of the plane.

Links are attached to redirect inquisitive readers who want to know more about the

tragic event.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). (2015, September 4) France confirms flaperon found on

Reunion Island is from MH370. The Star Online. Retrieved from
The Star Online published the article written by AFP about the confirmation made on

the flaperon identity found on Reunion Island. The wing part was confirmed from the

MH370 by the French prosecutors. The author also reported that the statement made by

the Paris prosecutors confirmed “what was said by Malaysian Prime Minister Datuk

Seri Najib Tun Razak last month.” The article gives a brief overview about the tragic

event as well as acknowledging that the MH370 case is the “biggest mysteries in the

history of aviation.” On top of that, the author included information about the

discovered flaperon as well. However, the article claims that the Prime Minister of

Malaysia had drawn the conclusion that the flaperon belonged to flight MH370 a month

prior to the announcement made by the prosecutors. On the other hand, the article

included a sub-heading regarding speculations about the state of the plane. The author

informs the reader that Search and Rescue (SAR) operations are still ongoing and that

no other clues are found around Reunion Island. The article concludes by informing

readers about how much ground had been covered in the process of recovering the

missing Boeing 777 – an operation participated by many nations across the globe.

WorldTruth.Tv. (2014, 22 October). Partner of MH370 Passenger Accuses Governments of Cover

Up on BBC [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from

The Facebook status update redirects to an article written by Eddie Levin about a BBC

interview with Sarah Bajc – the partner of Phillip Wood, a victim of the missing

passenger flight MH370. The article quotes the opinion of Sarah Bajc as to what

actually happened to the unfortunate flight. According to the article, she believes that

“the flight was stolen and taken to an undisclosed location, due to the number of high-
profile passengers aboard with ties to defense contractors.” The author asserts that

governments are not announcing adequate evidence to their theory which claimed the

plane had crashed into the Indian Ocean. On top of that, information and evidence kept

on changing leaving the victims’ family members in disbelief over any announcements

made by the governments. Furthermore, the author made reference to an article he

wrote prior to this article regarding the identity of some passengers on the plane. All in

all, the article mainly summarizes the interview session. To back up the article, the

author inserted a link on YouTube of the BBC interview session.


The annotated bibliography includes the sources that I will refer when writing the

research paper. The objective of my research paper is to investigate the credibility of the news

sources that Millennials acquire in researching about a news story. Dumbfounded, I felt quite

confused when the task was introduced in class. However, I have had several events in mind;

for instance, the disappearance of flight MH370, the terrorist attack in France, and the

announcement of Donald Trump running for presidency. The challenge truly was to find a

‘prompt’ to the research paper. Personally, it was kind of hard for me to incorporate the

Millennial generation, news and a specific event and find an intersection point among all of

them; an even harder task is to decide criteria in which they differ. However, after my teacher

made an analogy in class, I understood the task better and knew where to start my research.

Keeping in mind that this assignment mimics an actual research paper, I will introduce

background information related to Millennials and news and the event. In the body paragraph,

I will introduce the topic of my research paper followed by the criteria that will be used to

compare articles from different sources relating to the same event. On top of that, to back up

my research paper, I will try to include some screen shots, especially from Facebook to show
how Millennials share and obtain news. Last but not least, I will analyze and give my opinion

about the results of the comparison that I had made in the body paragraph in the conclusion

part of the research paper. To wrap up, a list of references will be attached at the end of the

research paper.