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Error Analysis

One of the error analysis we encounter are human errors and the light passing through the

window, in this experiment the place should be completely dark, unfortunately our group is near

to the window. For example, while we are tracing the slits in the paper we can’t get an accurate

drawing because it’s hard to see the slits, because of that there’s a chance when we are

measuring the gaps we will get an inaccurate measurement.


On the first part of the experiment, the results are when there is an increase in the slit

screen distance the wavelength decreases. Another observation is that at constant slit screen

separation when the slit width increases also the wavelength. For the second part of the

experiment is same with the first part but we used the double slit disk.

The results are consistent with the theory, using the single slit disk which results to a

destructive interface, which results to decrease in amplitude and formation of dark fringe. For the

double slit disk, it results to a constructive interference which increase in amplitude and

formation of bright fringes.

Diffraction is the slight bending of light as it passes around the edge of an object. The

amount of bending depends on the relative size of the wavelength of light to the size of the

opening. If the opening is much larger than the light's wavelength, the bending will be almost

unnoticeable. Interference the process in which two or more light, sound, or electromagnetic

waves of the same frequency combine to reinforce or cancel each other, the amplitude of the

resulting wave being equal to the sum of the amplitudes of the combining waves.

I therefore conclude that the single and double slit contrast on the relationship with the

interference but the relationship regarding slit width, wave length and slit-screen separation are

all the same. Diffraction depends only on the ratio of wave length to the size of the diffracting


To accomplish the right data, we can minimize our error and mistakes by setting up the

apparatus properly and use them carefully. Therefore, we must know how to illustrate the data

and evaluate it using the theory of the experiment.

In real life application, measuring the flatness or curvature of optics, and wavelengths of

infrared radiation (or visible) are analytical apps of interference. Diffraction is widely used for

gratings, in most spectral measurements (spectrometers), and in optics (frequency comb

generators, pulse compression gratings, Bragg fiber optics, angle tuning filters). There is day to

day apps, just can’t think of them now. Interference filters, anti-reflection filters, or dichroic

optics are in every optical system, bar code scanners, video projectors, cameras, telescopes,

binoculars, eyeglasses. Constructing concert halls, so that destructive interference does not result

in areas in the hall where the sounds produced on stage cannot be heard.