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Point ‘C’

:

Description Control Console secondary barrier along North
wall
Occupancy Factor 1
Use Factor 1 for scatter barriers
Workload 15MV (IMRT) 1170 Gy/wk
Workload 10MV (IMRT) 765 Gy/wk
Workload 06MV (IMRT) 945 Gy/wk
Distance from target to patient, dsca 1m
Distance from isocenter to point ‘C’ 7.6m
Dose per week outside barrier (P) −3
0.1 ×10 Sv

As seen for point ‘D’, patient scatter will be negligible at this point. We will only consider leakage dose:

Leakage Calculation

P ×d L2 0.1 ×10−3 ×(7.62 ) 0.005776
B L ( 06 MV )= = = =0.00611
10−3 × W ×T 0. 001 ×945 ×1 0.945
Then the number of TVLs is given by:

1
( 0.00611 )=log 164=¿ 2.21
( B1 )=¿ log ¿
x
n=log ¿
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=34+ (2.21−1 ) × 29=69.09 cm
For 10MV:
2
P× d L 0.1× 10−3 × ( 7.62 ) 0.005776
B L ( 10 MV ) = −3 = = =0.00755
10 ×W × T 0.0 01× 765× 1 0.765

Then the number of TVLs is given by:

1
( 0.00755 )=log132.45=¿ 2.122
( B1 )=¿ log ¿
x
n=log ¿
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:
t=35+ ( 2.122−1 ) ×31=69.782≈ 70 cm
For 15MV:

P× d L2 0.1× 10−3 × ( 7.62 ) 0.005776
B L ( 15 MV ) = = = =0.0049
10−3 ×W × T 0.00 1× 1170×1 1.17

Then the number of TVLs is given by:

1 1
( ) Bx
=¿ log(0.0049 )
=log (204.08 )=2.31

n=log ¿
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=36+ ( 2.31−1 ) × 33=79.23 cm
Since the leakage thicknesses required for 6MV, 10MV and 15MV are within one TVL of each other, one
HVL needs to be added according to the two source rule. Therefore, the total shielding to cover leakage
dose is:
'
t =t+ [ ( 0.301 ) ×TVL ] =79.23 cm+ [ ( 0.301 ) × 33 ]=89.2cm

Similar to point D, the instantaneous dose rate is below the limit.

Calculations done with P=20X10-6 Sv/week

20 ×10−6 ×7.6 2 0.001155
B L ( 06 MV )= = =0.0012
0.0 01× 945 ×1 0.945

Then the number of TVL is given by:

1
n=log ( 0.0012 )=log 833.3=2.92
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=34+ (2.92−1 ) × 29=89.68 cm

For 10MV:
−6 2
20 × 10 × 7.6 0.001155
B L ( 10 MV ) = = =0.001509
0.001 ×765 ×1 0.765

Then the number of TVL is given by:
1
n=log ( 0.001509 )=log 662.69=2.82
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=35+ ( 2.82−1 ) ×31=91.42 cm

For 15MV:
−6 2
20 × 10 × 7.6 0.001155
B L ( 15 MV ) = = =0.00098
0.001 ×1170 × 1 1.17

Then the number of TVL is given by:

1
n=log ( 0.00098 )=log 1020.41=3.01
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=36+ ( 3.01−1 ) ×33=102.33 cm

Since the leakage thickness required for 6MV, 10MV and 15MV are within one TVL of each othe, one HVL
needs to be added according to the two source rule. Therefore, the total shielding to cover leakage dose
is:
'
t =t+ [ ( 0.301 ) ×TVL ] =102.33 cm + [ ( 0.301 ) × 33 ] =112.3 cm

mSv
5
year mSv μSv
Controlled Area= =0.1 =100
weeks week week
50
year

mSv
1
year mSv μSv
Uncontrolled Area= =0.02 =20
weeks week week
50
year
Point ‘I’:

Occupancy Factor: 1/40=0.025

Distance from Iso to point dsec = 7.7m

Dose per week outside barrier (Uncontrolled) =20X10-6

Use factor (U) =0.25

α (15MV) scatter fraction for 60®=4.24x10-3

α (06MV) scatter fraction for 60®=8.24x10-4

α (10MV) scatter fraction for 60®=7.46x10-4

TVL (06MV, Scattered @30®=21cm

TVL (10MV, Scattered @30®=22cm

TVL (15MV, Scattered @30®=23cm

F=Field area at mid depth of patient @1m =40x40cm 2

IMRT workloads are used

For 6MV the barrier thickness required is
2 2 2 2
P × d sec × d sca 400
−6
20 ×10 × 1 ×7.7 400 0.0011858
B ps ( 6 MV )=
α ×W × U × T
× ( = ) ×
40× 40 4.24 × 10 × 965 ×0.25 ×1 40 × 40
−3
= ( 1.0229 )
× 0.25=0.00028

Then the number of TVLs required is:

1
n=log ( 0.000289 )=log 3460.2=3.53
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=n ×TVL=3.53 ×2 3=81.19 cm

For 10MV, the barrier thickness required is
−6 2 2
20× 10 × 1 × 7.7 400 0.0011858
B ps ( 10 MV ) = −4
7.46 ×10 × 765 ×0.25 ×1
×
40 × (
40
= )
0.14626
× 0.25=0.00202

Then the number of TVLs required is:

1
n=log ( 0.00202 )=log 495.04=2.69
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=n ×TVL=2.69 ×22=59.18 cm

For 15MV, the barrier thickness required is
−6 2 2
20 × 10 × 1 ×7.7 400 0.0011858
B ps ( 15 MV ) = ×
4.24 ×10 ×1170 × 0.25× 1 40 × 40
−3
= ( 1.24 )×0.25=0.000239

Then the number of TVLs required is:

1
n=log ( 0.000239 )=log 4182.8=3.62
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=n ×TVL=3.62 ×23=83.26 cm

Since scatter thicknesses required for 6,10 and 15MV are within 1TVL of each other, one HVL needs to be
added according to the two source rule. Therefore, the total shielding to cover patient scattered dose is:

t ' =t+0.301 ( TVL )=83.26+0.301 ( 23 cm )=90.2 cm
Leakage calculation

P ×d L2 20 ×10−6 ×7.7 2 0.0011858
B L ( 06 MV )= = = =0.00123
10−3 × W ×T 0.001× 965 ×1 0.965

Then the number of TVLs is

1
n=log ( 0.00123 )=log 813.008=2.91
Barrier thickness (t) is given by:

t=34+ (2.91−1 ) × 29=89.39 cm

For 10MV,

P ×d L2 20 ×10−6 ×7.7 2 0.0011858
B L ( 06 MV )= = = =0.00155
10−3 × W ×T 0.001× 765 ×1 0.765

Then the number of TVLs is

1
n=log ( 0.00155 )=log 645.16=2.81
Barrier thickness (t) given by:

t=35+ ( 2.81−1 ) ×31=91.11 cm

For 15MV,

P× d L2 20 ×10−6 ×7.72 0.0011858
B L ( 15 MV ) = −3 = = =0.00101
10 ×W × T 0.001× 1170 ×1 1.17

Then the number of TVLs is

1
n=log ( 0.00101 )=log 990.1=2. 99
Barrier thickness (t) given by:

t=3 6+ ( 2. 99−1 ) ×3 3=101.67 cm
Since the leakage thicknesses required for 6, 10&15MV are within one TVL of each other, one HVL needs
to be added according to the two source rule. Therefore, the total shielding to cover leakage dose is:

t ' =t+0.301 ( TVL )=102 c m+0.301 ( 33 )=112 cm