This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Sustainability Maximising Opportunities for Developing Countries of Asia
The Carbon Journey - Singapore's First UNFCCC Registered CDM Project“
(CDM Project Ref: 1950)
Ong Gin Keat 7 Oct 2010
Your location: CDM-Home
Home CDM JI CC:iNet TT:Clear CDM GLOSSARY | CONTACT US | DISCLAIMER | My CDM / LOGIN | JOIN
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
CDM Bazaar: Web- portal connecting buyers, sellers and service providers
CDM Photo ContestBest of Changing Lives 08 photo submissions
CDM Home About CDM Executive Board (EB) Panels / Working Groups / Teams Programme of Activities Project Activities Issuance of CERs CDM Registry Methodologies Specific Call for Public Inputs Designated National Authorities (DNA) Designated Operational Entities (DOE) Reference / Documentation CDM Statistics CDM Newsletters Extranets
What's new Reports of Meth Panel, CDM AR WG and CDM SSC WG available
Clean Development Mechanism 2008 in brief
CDM Technology Transfer report
11 Mar 09
- The report of the thirty-seventh meeting of the CDM Meth Panel (MP) is available more >> - The report of the twenty-third meeting of the CDM Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group (AR WG) is available more >> - The report of the nineteenth meeting of the Small Scale Working Group (SSC WG) is available more >>
EB 46 - Proposed agenda and annotations available
11 Mar 09
Interactive map Statistics
more >> more >>
The proposed agenda, its annotations and addendum for the forty-sixth meeting of the CDM Executive Board are now available. more >> For open/closed sessions, please consult the draft workprogramme. Proceedings of the meeting may be viewed through webcast.
Registered projects: 1448 Issued CERs: 265,086,203 Expected CERs (from registered projects until the end of 2012): > 1,490,000,000 Search
Call for public inputs : draft "Tool to determine the baseline efficiency of thermal or electrical energy generation systems"
18 Feb 09
The Board at its forty-fifth meeting considered the draft Tool to determine the baseline efficiency of thermal or electrical energy generation systems (167 KB) which describes various procedures to determine the baseline efficiency of an energy generation system, for the purpose of estimating baseline emissions. The call invites inputs between the period starting 18 February 2009 and ending 31 March 2009. more >>
Ref: [Advanced Search]
“In retrospect. Data after his report came out in October 2006 has led him to change his mind.” .Financial Times 17 April 2008 Stern admits he underestimated global warming. he would have taken a much stronger view in the report.
” Obama TIME 1 Sept 2008 .“We cant keep doing the things we’ve been doing and expect a different result.
sg/renewables/biomass. agricultural food and feed crops. both of which are used. aquatic plants etc. agricultural crop wastes and residues. (Singapore National Climate Change Committee) http://www. The energy in biomass can be harnessed in waste-to-energy plants or cogeneration plants.gov. including dedicated energy crops and trees.Biomass Cogeneration • Biomass – Biomass is any plant derived organic matter available on a renewable basis.shtm) . wood wastes and residues. • Cogeneration – Cogeneration is the simultaneous production of electricity and heat.nccc.
3MCERs. (8 years later) • 1st World Registered CDM project (HFC.The Beginning • UNFCCC adopted the Kyoto Protocol in 11 Dec 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. India): 8 Mar 2005 • Singapore acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 13 April 2006. • ecoWise 1MW biomass boiler. 15t/hr operational 14 April 2005 – Use of electricity for internal use (consume 6t/hr steam) – Tipping fee • Board Resolution to proceed with CDM Project: 1 Nov 2006 – Thermal energy for the user. AMS IC – Recovery of waste steam for heating/drying (ISO containers/Spent grains) .
Host country criteria: . Emission reductions must be Real.Have the Designated National Authority (DNA) confirm project is in line with country’s sustainable development agenda and all laws . Measurable and Additional 3.Ratified Kyoto Protocol . social contribution) 2. environment.DNA issues Letter of Approval (LoA) . Must promote sustainable development (economic.CDM Criteria 1.
2.Economic Criteria • Job creation • Recovering waste steam increases energy efficiency • Knowledge – acquire and build up dryer along with gain in construction/operations Environmental Criteria • Reduction of GHG emission by substitution of diesel fuelwith renewable energy recovered from a biomass boiler • No air emissions will be generated by the combustion of diesel oil • In line with “The Singapore Green Plan 2012” :to achieve 25% reduction of carbon intensity level from 1990 level by 2012 Social Criteria • Min.5% of carbon revenues donation to support charities .
Emission Reduction CO2 emissions Baseline emissions ~ business as usual Diesel burners (BEy) Project activity emissions Biomass energy (PEy) Year ERy= BEy – PEy .Leakage Emission reduction (Ery) y .
managerial resources.Barrier Analysis The project activity would not have occurred anyway Examples: • Investment barrier: IRR is low without Carbon Credits. financial resources. limited information. or capacity to absorb new technologies • • • . organizational capacity. no external financing Technological barrier: new technology must be imported Barrier due to prevailing practice: first of its kind Others barriers: institutional.
1 m S$ (total in two phases) .Spent grain dryer – – Dryer Will reduce the waste original weight by 65-70%. The steam consumption to dry one ton of waste is ~1 ton steam (6 barg) Steam requirement is ~ 5 tons/hour of steam will be required to dry 100 tons/day wet spent grain Investment ~ 2.
079 17.Project Monitoring 18 Nov 2008 to 31 Dec 2009 Actual 1) Total Operating days 359 Total 409 88% Dryer Capacity .180 or 16% Reasons: • 2nd dryer implementation delayed due to poor economic conditions • Difficulties to secure sufficient quantity of spent grains to dry .957 61.To dry 1 tonne spent grains from 70% moisture to 10% moisture 2) Tonnes Steam Design capacity Actual 29.939 Calculated 4.75% 3) CERs Comparision CERs Estimated 25.
Resubmitted 24 Oct 08) Registration (by Registration and Issuance Team) (Actual informed 23/12/2008) Monitoring 10) Monitoring Plan Implementation 11) Generation 12) Generation verification 13) Issuance of CERs In progress 18 Nov 2008 31 Dec 2009 1Q 2010 PROJECT DEVELOPER Verification. Monitoring plan. Additionality assessment. EB (14 Months) 6) 7) 8) 9) Upload to DOE website (Request for correction 7 Oct 08. Environmental and sustainability impact. Stakeholders meeting comments Jan – June 2007 5 July 2007 22 Aug 2007 To Aug 2007 DESIGN. CER calculations. 2) 3) 4) PROJECT DEVELOPER (8 Months) 5) DOE appointment and project validation Draft PDD upload to DOE website (30days) DOE Site visit/validation start 3 Sept 2007 10 Sept – 9 Oct 2007 19-20 Nov 2007 10 Sept 2008 18 Nov 2008 VALIDATION/ REGISTRATION DOE.Time lines 1) Project Identification Note (PIN) and concept development Stakeholders meeting Host DNA approval (technical committee approval) Project Design Document (AMS -IC) Project description. DOE ISSUANCE EB . Baseline definition.
engineering. .Challenges • PDD – from initial 43 pages to 60 pages • Equipment design. fabrication. commissioning • Mitigation of risks – project phasing. installation. Expect and accept potholes in the road. financial • Working with unknowns.
Directions for the user .
Directions for the user • Understand the issues – – – – Important elements Prioritise Engage stakeholders Find the right consultant • Beware of ground level Implementation issues – Results delivered at operational level • Learn from mistakes. – Middle management squeeze .
work in progress – Know the technologies. Mentor. engineering and limits – Site verifications .Directions for the user • A CDM Roadmap? – Rapid evolution. Guru – Not just your friends ! – The right consultant • experience and track record • Structure contract for mutual long term gain – Project two steps ahead because that will decide your start yesterday – Be guided by learning experience and work together (soul searching may be required) .know what is happening at site • Networking.
In summary • The methodology road has been built and may be modified after you drive through • Sometimes you wonder if its still the same road • Sometimes you different places wander into .
• And possible dead ends Making your own highway .
com .Environmental and renewable/clean energy Thank you Be different gkongsg@gmail.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.