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PHYSICAL FITNESS

• Capacity of each individual to


accomplish daily tasks with
alertness and vigor.
• We are different from one
another.
• Differ in age, sex, body as
well as their occupation and
vigor.

COMPONENTS FOR BEING


PHYSICALLY FIT
Cardio Respiratory Endurance-
able to do and continue
physical activity for a long
period of time.
Muscular Strength- ability to
exert force.
FLEXIBILITY- ability of muscle
to move joints with ease
through the normal range of
motion.
SPEED- ability to perform
movement a distance in a
short period of time.
POWER-release maximum
force very quickly.
COORDINATION-linking of the
senses such as sight and
hearing through brain to the
parts of the body to produce
smooth, quickly and efficiently
controlled movement.
BALANCE - ability to remain
stable even when moving.
AGILITY- ability to move and
change direction quickly.
REACTION TIME- is the amount
of time it takes to make a
physical response once you see
the need to take an action.

The quality of whatever we


do is related to our physical
fitness, the better is our
performance in our daily
work.
Fitness Concept Guide
Fitness is a condition in which
an individual has sufficient
energy to avoid fatigue and
enjoy life.
Physical fitness is divided into
four health and six skill-related
components.
Skill or performance-related
fitness involves skills that will
enhance one’s performance in
athletic or sports events.
Health-related fitness involves
skills that enable one to
become and stay physically
healthy.
Health-related components
focus on factors that promote
optimum health and prevent
the onset of diseases and
problems associated with
inactivity.
Five Components of Health-
Related Fitness
1. Cardiovascular
fitnessCardiovascular is also
called cardiorespiratory
(lungs) fitness. Usually the mile
run or some other type of
continuous fitness activity (12
minute run, cycling, step-test,
etc.) is used to assess
cardiovascular fitness. Example
of activity: 3- minute step test.
2. Muscular endurance -
Performing push-ups and sit-
ups or crunches for one minute
is commonly used in fitness
testing of muscular endurance.
Example of activity : Curl-up,
Basic Plank
3. Muscular strength -Example
of activities: push -ups, bench
press, leg press
4. Flexibility - Example of
activity : Sit and Reach -
commonly used to determine
flexibility.
5. Body composition-the ratio
of body fat to lean body mass
(including water, bone, muscle,
and connective tissue). Having
too much fat tissue is a risk
factor for cardiovascular
diseases, diabetes, cancer, and
arthritis. Example of activity
:Getting Waist
Circumference/Body Mass Index
(BMI)

Six Components of Skill-Related


Fitness
1. Agility -the ability to change
and control the direction and
position of the body while
maintaining a constant, rapid
motion. For example, changing
directions to hit a tennis ball.
Example of activity : Shuttle
Run
2. Balance- Example of
activities: Stork Test, in-line
skating
3. Coordination- Example of
activities: Juggling, dribbling a
basketball
4. Speed-For example, a
basketball player making a
fast break to perform a layup,
a tennis player moving
forward to get to a drop shot,
a football player out running
the defense to receive a pass.
Example of activity : 40 m run
5. Power- Example of activities:
Vertical Jump, Standing Long
Jump
6. Reaction Time- the ability to
reach or respond quickly to
what you hear, see, or feel. For
example, an athlete quickly
coming off the blocks early in
a swimming or track relay, or
stealing a base in baseball.
Example of activity : Stick Drop
Test