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Ê

Harrison Ngo

Period 1

Pg 358 # 31

Suppose that a cup of soup cooled from 90 degree Celsius

to 60 degree Celsius in 10 minutes in a room whose temperature

was 20 degrees Celsius. Use Newton¶s law of cooling

to answer the question.

How much longer would it take the soup to cool to 35 degree Celsius?

dT/dt = -t(T-Ts)

dt / (T ± Ts) = -k(dt)

ln | T ± TS | = -kt + c

T ± Ts = e ±kt (ec)

At t = 0, T = T0

T0 ± Ts = e0 ( ec)

T ± Ts = T0 ± Ts e-kt

60 ± 20 = (90 ± 20) e-k(10min)

40 = 70e-k(10)

4/7 = e-10k

ln(4/7) = -10klne

k = .0560

35 ± 20 = ( 60 ± 20) e -.0560t

15 = 40e-.0560t

.375 = e-.0560t

3

Ê

The time that it takes to cool the soup to 35 degree Celsius is

17.515 minutes longer. Notice how the question is asking

For how long and not for a specific time, which greatly

affects the problem. To change this I plugged in the

final temperature in the beginning of the problem

for time 10 min. This is where I found k. once

I figured this out I then solved for the desired temperature of

35 degree Celsius but instead of 90 degrees being the

intial temperature, I plugged in 60 degrees to

figure out how long it took.

0 60

5 50.231

10 42.848

15 37.268

20 33.051

25 29.864

30 27.455

35 25.634

To figure out the problem I needed to first derive

Newton¶s formula. Once I did that, I then punched

in the appropriate numbers to find k. After I found

k I then solve the time it took to reach the desired final

temperature. The graph shows the gradual down change in

temperature as time goes up. The table shows the

temperature as time increases.

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