0 Up votes0 Down votes

0 views10 pagesASSIGNMENT

Oct 07, 2018

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

ASSIGNMENT

© All Rights Reserved

0 views

ASSIGNMENT

© All Rights Reserved

- Neuromancer
- The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and
- How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking
- Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us
- Chaos: Making a New Science
- The Joy of x: A Guided Tour of Math, from One to Infinity
- How to Read a Person Like a Book
- Moonwalking with Einstein: The Art and Science of Remembering Everything
- The Wright Brothers
- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- The 6th Extinction
- The Housekeeper and the Professor: A Novel
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The 10X Rule: The Only Difference Between Success and Failure
- A Short History of Nearly Everything
- The Kiss Quotient: A Novel
- The End of Average: How We Succeed in a World That Values Sameness
- Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
- Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions
- The Universe in a Nutshell

You are on page 1of 10

De Vega

Subject: Assignment no.1 Course: Strength of Materials

Structures or Redundant Structures for analysis of structures to find forces based on criteria

discussed below.

foundations and so on, which remains in equilibrium. It has to satisfy the fundamental criteria of

strength, stiffness, economy, durability and compatibility, for its existence.

Any structure is designed for the stress resultants of bending moment, shear force, deflection,

torsional stresses, and axial stresses. If these moments, shears and stresses are evaluated at

various critical sections, then based on these, the proportioning can be done.

Evaluation of these stresses, moments and forces and plotting them for that structural

component is known as analysis. Determination of dimensions for these components of these

stresses and proportioning is known as design.

Determinate structures are analysed just by the use of basic equilibrium equations. By this

analysis, the unknown reactions are found for the further determination of stresses.

Redundant or indeterminate structures are not capable of being analysed by mere use of

basic equilibrium equations. Along with the basic equilibrium equations, some extra conditions

are required to be used like compatibility conditions of deformations etc to get the unknown

reactions for drawing bending moment and shear force diagrams.

Example of determinate structures are: simply supported beams, cantilever beams, single

and double overhanging beams, three hinged arches, etc.

Examples of indeterminate structures are: fixed beams, continuous beams, fixed arches, two

hinged arches, portals, multistoried frames, etc.

Special methods like strain energy method, slope deflection method, moment distribution

method, column analogy method, virtual work method, matrix methods, etc are used for the

analysis of redundant structures.

Indeterminate Structures

statics alone, i.e. . A statically indeterminate structure may

be classified as:

1(a) and (b)).

2. Internally indeterminate, (example: trusses shown in figure-1(c) and (d)).

3. Both externally and internally indeterminate, (example: trussed beams, continuous

trusses shown in figure-1 (e) and (f)).

Figure.1

A structure is usually externally indeterminate or redundant if the reactions at the supports can

not be determined by using three equations of equilibrium,

i.e. . In the case of beams subjected to vertical loads only,

two reactions can be determined by conditions of equilibrium.

Therefore, simply supported cantilever and overhanging beams shown in figure 2 are statically

determinate structures.

Figure 2

If however a beam rests on more than two supports or in addition any of the end support is

fixed, there are more than two reactions to be determined. These reactions can not be

determined by conditions of equilibrium alone. The degree of indeterminacy or redundancy is

given by the number of extra or redundant reactions to be determined.

The beam shown in figure 3 (a) is statically indeterminate to one degree because there are

three unknown reactions and statics has only two reactions. The beam in figure 3(b) is statically

redundant to two degree. The beam in figure 3(c) is redundant to three degree and the beam in

figure 3(d) is redundant to four degrees.

Figure 3

A portal frame is statically determinate if there are only three external reactions, because there

are three conditions of equilibrium for such a system. The portal frame shown in figure 4 are

statically determinate because there are only three reactions to be determined.

If a portal frame has more than three reactions it is statically indeterminate, the degree of

indeterminacy or redundancy being equal to the number of redundant or extra reactions to be

determined.

Therefore, the portal frames of figure 5(a) and (b) are redundant by one degree, that of figure

5(c) is redundant by two degrees, that of figure 5(d) is redundant by three degrees, and that of

figure 5(e) is redundant by 5 degrees.

Figure 4

Figure 5

The statically indeterminate beams and frames can be analysed by strain energy method, three

moment equation, slope deflection method or moment distribution method.

Internally Indeterminate Structures

m=2j – 3

A truss having more than (2j – 3) members is statically indeterminate or redundant, the degree

of indeterminacy or redundancy being equal to the number of extra members.

Figure 6

Thus the truss shown in figure 6(a) is statically redundant by one degree because there are 14

members and 8 joints.

= 14 – (16 – 3) = 1

Similarly, the truss shown in figure 6(b) is internally redundant by two degrees.

A truss is statically determinate, both externally and internally when

(a) All the reactions can be determined from the conditions of equilibrium,

namely , and

The truss shown in figure 7 is externally indeterminate to one degree because the numbers of

reactions to be determined are three, and the conditions of equilibrium reduces to two,

namely . This truss is also internally indeterminate to one degree

because there is one extra member.

Figure 7

Difference Between Determinate and Indeterminate Structures

Equilibrium conditions are fully adequate to Conditions of equilibrium are not adequate

1

analyze the structure. to fully analyze the structure.

Bending moment or shear force at any

2 is independent of the material property of the

section depends upon the material property.

structure.

The bending moment or shear force at any The bending moment or shear force at any

3 section is independent of the cross-section or section depends upon the cross-section or

moment of inertia. moment of inertia.

5 No stresses are caused due to lack of fit. Stresses are caused due to lack of fit.

Extra conditions like compatibility of

displacements are required to analyze the

6 displacements are not required to analyze the

structure along with the equilibrium

structure.

equations.

- Bending Stiffness and Neutral Axis Depth Variation of High Strength Concrete Beams in Seismic Hazardous Areas Experimental InvestigationUploaded byArjun Mullu
- Large Diameter Diaphragm Wall ShaftsUploaded bymeñox
- Bending Momen I+Uploaded byDeni F Maulana
- Loads in the Edge Band of Honeycomb Panel - Composite Engineering - Eng-TipsUploaded byJA K
- Background to Structural AnalysisUploaded byMihajloDjurdjevic
- DomosUploaded byNicolas Leon Luna
- An Extension of Analytical Methods for Building Damage Evaluation in Subsidence Regions to Anisotropic BeamsUploaded byThaung Myint Oo
- 3 Story Hospital Seismic LoadingUploaded byyellowpawpaw
- Analysis and Design of 3 Storey Hospital StructureUploaded bycurlyjockey
- Strength of Materials -spfu.pdfUploaded byBro
- Ch 9 Shear and Moment DiagramsUploaded byNguyễn Chí Thanh
- Http Www.inrisk.ubc.CA Process.php File=STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS Kirchhoff PlatesUploaded bycustomerx
- homework1f.spring2018Uploaded byPotatoes123
- Design of Steel StructureUploaded byTuklal Chaudhary
- Timber DesignUploaded byEdwardmon Tumongha
- SapVerifUploaded byDimitris Karyotis
- StructuresUploaded byJ M Marín López
- i Midsem Cel 602 Feb 2016Uploaded bySanjay Tiwari
- Shear Failure of Reinforced Concrete BeaUploaded byRakesh Narayan Sharma
- Bending StressUploaded byShaktivell Letchumanan
- Https Law.resource.org Pub in Bis S03 is.13920.1993Uploaded byStephanie Tyler
- Castellated Beamse28094new DevelopmentsUploaded byDjoko Susilo Jusup
- LigaçãoUploaded byAntoniumSalgado
- Spring 2006Uploaded byFrancis Zigi
- Analysis & Design of Composite & Metallic Flight Vehicle Structures - Abbott - 2017 - Second EditionUploaded byOlli1974
- CivUploaded byragalasantoshkumar
- Model Project for replacement of fine aggregateUploaded bySATHISHMANO96
- Transverse Web Stiffeners and Shear Moment Interation for Steel Plate Girder BridgesUploaded byIvan Jovanovic
- Str_mat_II_2017Uploaded byCarlos Cunha
- 1558630093843_Design Project S1_19Uploaded bygaza man

- MathUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Geo TechnicalUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- ASSIGNMENT 3 CE PracticumConstantinoUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Math Coaching1 1stbooklet(FINAL)Uploaded byAchilles Aldave
- Letter of Introduction-mark SacoponUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- CE-Projects.docxUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Project-Stduy-Format--Engineering.docxUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Rrl for Thesis qUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Plane TrigonometryUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- TrigonometryUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- CE BOARD EXAM.docxUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- MixingUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- references 12 - Copy.docUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- References 123Uploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- References 12Uploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- For ThesisUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- HMO Offices ScheduleUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Assignment No.4 18Uploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- distortion.pdfUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Transportation EngineeringUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Subjects for 2nd Sem Eteeap 2016-2017Uploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Transmital LetterUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Email EtiquetteUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- RecieptUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- ReferencesUploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- Theory Ass Dec 16 2018Uploaded byRicardo Dalisay
- FOR THESIS Q 4Uploaded byRicardo Dalisay

- The Micro Truss ModelUploaded byEugen Dincu
- Sections 5.4-5Uploaded byAnonymous 8f2veZf
- Steel Members DesignUploaded byStephen James
- General Manual TrussUploaded byjillianix
- Fea Report Struss Analysis)Uploaded byMuhammadAns
- Seismic Assessment of Glazed Facade SystemUploaded byHattori Hanzo
- Structural steel presentation.pptxUploaded byP SHANKAR BABU
- SAP-Etabs-Course-360.pdfUploaded byJuni SIpahutar
- Jasco Fly Form Manual 2Uploaded byxyzhyn
- Steel View Tower Quantity Estimatev1.0.xlsxUploaded byPrayush Rajbhandari
- BridgesUploaded byAmila Niroshan KArunarathna
- Ram ConnectionUploaded bydpk
- Ansys tutorialUploaded bysuperguridi
- i Optimisation of Lateral LoadUploaded byAnonymous XWGVolwe
- IFEM.Ch03Uploaded byEng Alwardi
- A S0-00Uploaded byerleenhat8056
- foundation design sampleUploaded byArun Kumar
- SECTION 3NFUploaded byThaiminh Vo
- Post-Frame Building Design ManualUploaded byChuck Achberger
- Precast Shear Wall DesignUploaded byRatul Ranjan
- 244-2.pdfUploaded byAsim Gautam
- 9 Structural Analysis_Frames and Machines_Part b (1).pptUploaded byManikanta Sutapalli
- Bridges for High Speed RailwaysUploaded byNeeraj Sharma
- Widening of Aare BridgesUploaded byMahmood Mufti
- MEC111-Chapter6Uploaded byHaFiy HaZim
- Aircraft StructureUploaded byAmin Ebrahimi
- 1-2011Uploaded byPolireddi Gopala Krishna
- EM 1110-2-2701 - Vertical Lift Gates 1Uploaded byPDHLibrary
- Mat Chapter 27Uploaded byhemant_durgawale
- truss design project 1Uploaded byapi-302712806

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.