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while dreaming." Lucid dreams usually occur while a person is in the middle of a regular dream and suddenly realizes that she or he is asleep and must be dreaming. The person is now said to be "lucid," and may enter one of many levels of lucidity. At the lowest level, the dreamer may be dimly aware that he or she is dreaming, but not think rationally enough to realize that events/people/actions in the dream are not real/pose no real threat. At the highest level, on the other hand, the dreamer is fully aware that she or he is asleep, and may have complete control over his or her actions in the dream. It is possible to control your dreams by employing the lucid dreaming methods that follow.  Steps 1. Keep a dream journal. This is, perhaps, the most important step in establishing a foundation for lucid dreams. Keep it close by your bed at night, and write in it immediately after waking -- if a dream is remembered. This tells your brain that you are serious about remembering your dreams! 2. Learn the best time to have a lucid dream. By being aware of personal sleep schedules, a person can arrange his or her sleep pattern to help induce lucid dreams. * Studies strongly suggest that a nap a few hours after waking in the morning is the most common time to have a lucid dream. * Lucid dreams are largely associated with REM, which means they most commonly occur right before waking up. REM sleep is more abundant just before the final awakening. People with narcolepsy have sleep-onset REM, so if you have lucid dreams right after falling asleep, narcolepsy ought to be considered. (You may consider seeking medical advice from a sleep medicine specialist.) However, it should also be noted here that there are reports of people who recall dreams after being awakened during non-REM stages of sleep. * Dreams usually run in 90-minute cycles during sleep, so if a person is working on dream recall, it may be helpful to attempt to wake oneself up during one of these cycles (interrupted dreams are often the ones we remember). 3. Practice mnemonic induction of lucid dreaming (MILD). asleep. * Set your alarm clock to wake you up 4, 5 1/2, or 6 hours after falling
* When you are awakened by your alarm clock, try to remember the dream as much as possible. * When you think you have remembered as much as you can, go back to sleep, imagining that you are in your previous dream, and becoming aware that you are dreaming. Say to yourself, "I will be aware that I'm dreaming," or something similar. Do this until you think that it has 'sunk in.' Then go to sleep. * If random thoughts pop up when you are trying to fall asleep, repeat the imagining, self-suggestion part, and try again. And don't worry if you think it's taking a long time. The longer it takes, the more likely it will 'sink in,' and the more likely you will have a lucid dream. 4. What time is it? What time is it? Establish a habit of reality checks. In a dream, these will tell you that you are sleeping, allowing you to become lucid. But in order to do a reality check in a dream, a person must first establish a habit of doing reality checks in real life. A reality check includes looking for "dream signs," or things that would not normally exist in real life. When these actions become habit, a person will begin to do them in her or his dreams, and can come to the conclusion that he/she is
dreaming. Some tactics include: * looking at a clock to see if it stays constant; * looking at a body of text, looking away, and then looking back to see if it has changed; * flipping a light switch; * looking in a mirror (your image will most often appear blurry in a dream); * pinching your nose closed and trying to breathe; * glancing at your hands, and asking yourself, "am I dreaming?" (when dreaming, you will most often see greater or fewer than five fingers on your hand); * jumping in the air; * pinching or poking yourself; when dreaming, you usually do not feel any pain, and your "flesh" might be more elastic than in real life; 5. Prolong lucid dreams by spinning your body in the dream (suspected of prolonging REM), and rubbing your hands (prevents you from feeling the sensation of lying in bed).  Tips * When recalling a dream upon waking, try not to move. Activating your muscle neurons can make it more difficult to access the parts of your brain that allow you to recall your dream. * Lucid dreaming may be helpful for people who frequently experience nightmares, as it gives them a chance to take control of their dreams. * Performing reality checks upon awakening can help you to detect "false awakenings" within dreams, wherein you dream that you have woken up, and thus lose lucidity. * Do not drink any fluids for one hour prior to sleeping. The last thing you want is to wake up from successfully lucid dreaming just because you had to use the bathroom. * Do not use a radio alarm clock. Once you hear talking, or a song, that will distract you, and may clear the dream out of your head. If you have to use a radio alarm clock, don't think about what is playing and quickly turn it off. Alternatively, change the radio setting to a non-assigned frequency so the alarm creates static (white noise). * If you can not remember the dream you have had, and want to remember it, focus on the feelings that you felt. Trying too hard to remember the dream will only take your mind away from it. Chances are your mind will think of everything but the dream. * If you have recurring dreams, then aspects of these dreams can act as reality checks. If you notice something happening that is part of a recurring dream, think to yourself, "this only happens in my dreams, I must be dreaming." * If you notice something happening that is impossible in real life, such as being able to breathe underwater, this can act as a reality check to alert you to the fact that you are dreaming. * When you wake up naturally -- that is, without an alarm -- focus your gaze on the first object you see as you open your eyes. Look at the object; focus on it. That object will most often take the vague recollection of your dream to a placemark in memory where it is easier to recall details. A doorknob, a lightbulb, a set of car keys, or a nail in the wall, for example, will quell your urge to begin your day, and will help you to settle into memories of what you had experienced while sleeping. * Some people have found it helpful to take a low dosage of caffeine (a caffeinated tea, for instance) shortly before sleeping, claiming that this keeps them mentally aware, while the body is going to sleep. For many other people, caffeine would simply postpone or disrupt sleep.
* To end sleep Paralysis (which is not dangerous) simply try to wiggle your toes, or try swallowing. When you are in a state of sleep paralysis, the brain is sending a signal to the rest of your body to immobilize your muscles so you don't thrash around while you sleep. The larger muscles are usually more affected than the smaller ones. So trying to wiggle your toes tends to wake you up during a state of sleep paralysis. * An interesting sensation is "flying" during a lucid dream. Aim for this experience and you will start enjoying lucid dreaming a lot more. To start "flying" try to start bouncing higher and higher after each step (while "walking" in the dream.) Also try walking on walls or the ceiling, as flying for the first time can be very intimidating if you are not totally convinced that you are dreaming. * You can pre-determine what you want to achieve in a lucid dream while you are awake. That way when you become lucid in a dream, you already know what you want to do. * It is a good idea to purposely wake up 1 or 2 minutes after becoming lucid, after you have experience what you want to experience. This way, you can wake up with the dream very fresh in you mind, and have excellent recall. If you do not wake up, the dream may simply fade away into the night, and could be forgotten.  Warnings * Wake-initiated lucid dreaming (WILD) -- wherein a person can maintain awareness as s/he falls asleep, and can carry awareness into the dream -- is quite likely to initiate sleep paralysis and anxiety during the transition. It can also, in some instances induce "hypnagogic hallucinations". These are not to be feared, as Sleep Paralysis happens every night, you are just asleep. The HH is just your mind. Always remember that in Lucid Dreaming, you are aware and can "wake yourself up" if feeling overwhelmed. http://www.wikihow.com/Lucid-Dream
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