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# PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE

## •Repeatable rating system – identifying the

pavement condition
•Numerical Index – Ranging from 0 to 100
•0 – failed pavement
•100 – perfect condition
PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

## •Calculated based on the results of a visual

condition survey
•What is the matter that being surveyed???

Pavement distress
-Type
-Severity
-Quantity
HOW TO DETERMINE PCI

## Number of sample unit to be inspected

Survey procedure

Calculating of PCI
Dividing sample units
• Unsurfaced and asphalt surface roads
(including asphalt over concrete)
– 2500 ± 1000 ft2
• Asphalt surface airfield – 5000 ± 2000 ft
• Concrete and airfields with joint spaced
≤ 25 ft - 20 ± 8 slabs

## Note: Not all samples units are required to be the same

size but must fit within guidelines
1 ft = 0.09 m2
Determining Sample Unit to be Surveyed
• Depend on the use of the pavement and
project or network level
• Project level – High degree of sampling

## n = number of sample that

n must be surveyed
N = total number of sample
units

N
Systematic Random
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

## Total number of sample units in section (N) = 47

Minimum number of units to be surveyed = 13 (Obtain from the curve)
Interval (i) = N/n = 47/13 = 3.6 = 3
Random start (S) = 3
Network level – low degree of sampling
• To obtain meaningful rating with the least
cost
• For maintenance work plans
• Assessing the condition of pavement
• Identifying candidate section that may
warrant detailed project-level inspection
• Based on 2 tables
Table 1: Example of Network Level Sampling Criteria

## No of sample Units No of units to be

in Section (N) inspected (n)
1–5 1
6 – 10 2
11 – 15 3
16 – 50 4
Over 40 10 % (round up to next
whole sample unit)
Table 2: Network level sampling

No of sample No of units to be
Units in Section inspected (n)
(N)
1 1
2-4 2
5 -20 3
Over 20 4
PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

## Overall step In Calculating PCI

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)
PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

## PCI = 100 - 57 =43

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

## Pavement Condition Index Rating

100 to 85 Excellent

85 to 70 Very good

70 to 55 Good

55 to 40 Fair

40 to 25 Poor

25 to 10 Very poor

10 to 0 Failed
PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)
PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)