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Technical Manual

Doc. Id.: 955 900 023 C


BASE, December 2002

THALES ATM S.p.A.


AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

Via Mattei 1
20064 Gorgonzola MILANO (Italy)

Tel. ++039 02 950951

All rights reserved


© 2002
Information and software in the document are unpublished works proprietary to THALES ATM S.p.A. Disclosure, copying,
reproduction, merger, translation, modification, enhancement, publication, or use in whole or in part, by anyone other than authorized
employees or licensees of THALES ATM S.p.A. without prior written consent of THALES ATM S.p.A. is prohibited. This copyright
notice should not be construed as evidence of publication.
Use of this document is for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice.
CTU & RWY-select
955 900 023 C
Technical Manual

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II / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


CTU & RWY-select 955 900 023 C
Technical Manual

MODIFICHE / CHANGES

Edition Description

01 First Issue

02

03

04

Ediz./Data 01 02 03 04 05

Rev/Date December 2002

Scritto da

Written by

Verificato da

Checked by

Approvato da

Approved by

Assicurazione
Qualità

Quality stamp

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A III / XVIII


CTU & RWY-select
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Technical Manual

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IV / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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Technical Manual

- WARRANTY -
THALES ATM S.p.A. warrants all equipment manufactured by it to be free from defects in material and
workmanship, provided the equipment is operated under normal ratings and service for which it is intended.
The obligations of the company shall be limited to making good at the factory, or at authorized repair and
service facility of THALES ATM S.p.A.

THALES ATM S.p.A. is not liable for any damage or personnel injury resulting directly or indirectly from the
design, material, workmanship, or installation of any of its products.

This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied, and does not apply to any equipment
which has been subject to unauthorized repair or alteration.

THALES ATM S.p.A. neither assumes nor authorizes any person to assume for it any other liability in
connection with its products.

THALES ATM S.p.A. reserves the right to make modifications and alterations to its products without
obligation to install such improvements at no charge in equipment theretofore manufactured.

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A V / XVIII


CTU & RWY-select
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Technical Manual

PRELIMINARY REMARKS
The Technical Manual for CTU & RWY-select equipment is formed by a single volume, and is organized in
the following chapters:
1 General Description
2 Installation and Initial Setup
3 Operation
4 Detailed Description
5 Parts List, Schematic Diagrams, Layout Drawings

Since the Technical Manual cannot include modifications made to circuit details or dimensions as a result of
technical advances, please remember that the technical documentation supplied with the system is always
valid in questions of details. It is possible that drawing numbers referred to in this description are no longer
contained in the enclosed set of drawings, but have been replaced by new drawings with different numbers
(in accordance with the system). Please therefore check, and if necessary correct, the drawing numbers
specified in the manuals on the basis of the delivery lists.

MARK SYMBOLS
To get the best out of the equipment you should study the contents of this manual carefully. In particular you
should familiarize yourself with the marks given in this manual which are highlighted for easy recognition:

CAUTION WARNING

Cautions call attention to methods Warnings call attention to methods,


and procedures which must be procedures or limits which must be
followed to avoid damage to followed precisely to avoid injury to
equipment. persons.

NOTE or REMARK : For more information about operations.

VI / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


CTU & RWY-select 955 900 023 C
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................... 1


1.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................................1
1.2 CTU MECHANICAL DESIGN......................................................................................................3
1.3 TECHNICAL DATA .....................................................................................................................5
1.3.1 Housing ........................................................................................................................5
1.3.2 Power Supply ...............................................................................................................5
1.3.3 Composition .................................................................................................................5
1.3.4 Spare part list ...............................................................................................................5
1.3.5 Subsystem Status Indication (CTU Panel) ..................................................................6
1.3.6 System Status Indication (RWY-Select Panel) ............................................................6
1.3.7 CTU Switch Controls....................................................................................................6
1.3.8 RWY-select Switch Controls ........................................................................................6
1.3.9 Environmental Conditions ............................................................................................7
1.3.10 Conformity and Licensing Approval .............................................................................7
1.4 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ...........................................................................................................8
1.4.1 Work on the Equipment ...............................................................................................8
1.4.2 Handling electrostatically sensitive Subassemblies.....................................................8
1.4.3 Using Lithium Batteries ................................................................................................8
1.4.4 Observation of safety regulations ................................................................................8
1.5 DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................9
1.5.1 General Overview in RCSE 443 environment .............................................................9
1.5.2 ACC 05 - AC/DC converter ........................................................................................10
1.5.3 WIN ADRACS Interface to local PC (Laptop) ............................................................11
1.5.4 Runway Information ...................................................................................................11
1.5.4.1 Runway Status ....................................................................................................... 11
1.5.4.2 Runway Select........................................................................................................ 12

CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND INITIAL SETUP ....................................................... 13


2.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................................13
2.2 INSTALLATION .........................................................................................................................13
2.2.1 Power supply connection ...........................................................................................13
2.2.2 CTU+RWY interfacing................................................................................................14
2.2.3 CTU pin assignment of Interface Connectors............................................................15
2.2.3.1 SubD 9 Pin Connectors J1, J2 ............................................................................... 15
2.3 CTU SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................16
2.4 INITIAL SETUP .........................................................................................................................17
2.4.1 Initial Power up...........................................................................................................17

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A VII / XVIII


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CHAPTER 3 OPERATION ............................................................................................ 19


3.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................................19
3.2 OPERATION OF THE CTU AND RWY-SELECT .....................................................................19
3.2.1 Switching On/Off ........................................................................................................19
3.2.2 General Controls of CTU ...........................................................................................19
3.2.2.1 Lamp Test ..............................................................................................................19
3.2.2.2 Alarm Silent ............................................................................................................ 20
3.2.2.3 Brightness up/Brightness down (CTU) ................................................................... 20
3.2.3 CTU and RWY Select Control Functions ...................................................................22
3.2.4 CTU Cascading..........................................................................................................22
3.2.5 CTU and RWY-Select Indications..............................................................................22
3.2.5.1 CTU Subsystem Status Indication .......................................................................... 22
3.2.5.2 RWY-Select System Status Indication.................................................................... 23
3.3 MAINTENANCE OPERATION ..................................................................................................23

CHAPTER 4 MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................. 25


4.1 MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................................25
4.1.1 Front Panel cleaning ..................................................................................................25
4.2 TROUBLESHOOTING ..............................................................................................................25
4.3 MODULES REPLACEMENT.....................................................................................................26

CHAPTER 5 PARTS LIST - SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS - LAYOUT DRAWINGS............ 27


5.1 PROCESSOR UNIT PU 51 .......................................................................................................29
5.2 CTU PANEL ..............................................................................................................................37
5.3 RWY-SELECT ..................................................ERRORE. IL SEGNALIBRO NON È DEFINITO.
5.4 ACC 05 – AC/DC CONVERTER MODULE ..............................................................................49

VIII / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure 1-1: Application of the CTU and RWY-select units .................................................................................2


Figure 1-2: CTU with RWY-select housing (front view)......................................................................................3
Figure 1-3: CTU / RWY-select housing (rear view) ............................................................................................4
Figure 1-4: RCSE, block diagram (with one ILS system), example ...................................................................9
Figure 1-5: CTU/RWY block diagram...............................................................................................................10
Figure 2-1: Power supply cabling .....................................................................................................................13
Figure 2-2: Interface cabling.............................................................................................................................14
Figure 2-3: CTU subrack, back panel connectors ............................................................................................15
Figure 2-4: CTU rear side, position of jumpers and default settings ................................................................16
Figure 2-5: Location of On/Off switches (CTU-subrack) ..................................................................................17
Figure 3-1: Position of On/Off-switch ...............................................................................................................19
Figure 3-2: CTU/RWY Select panel .................................................................................................................21

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A IX / XVIII


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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
LISTE D'ABREVIATIONS
LISTA DE ABREVIATURAS
A Antenne ASC Antenna Switch Control
Antenna Commutateur d'antennes de commande
Antena Control de conmutador de antena
AC Alternating Current ASCII American Standard Code for Information
Courant alternatif Interchange
Corriente alterna Code standard américain pour l'échange
d'informations
ACA Analogical Carrier Amplifier (BITE signal) Código stándard americano para el
Amplificateur pour porteurs analogiques intercambio de informaciones
(signal BITE)
Amplificdor portador analogico (señal ASM Antenna Switch Module
BITE) Module de commutateur d'antennes
Módulo de conmutador de antena
ACC Alternating Current Converter
ASU Antenna Switching Unit
ADC Analog-Digital Converter Ensemble de commutation d'antennes
Convertisseur analogique/numérique Unidad de conmutación de antena
Convertidor analógico/digital
ATC Air Traffic Control
ADCS Analog-to-digital Converter Subsystem Contrôle du trafic aérien
Sous-système convertisseur Control del tráfico aéreo
analogique/numérique
Subsistema convertidor analógico/digital ATIS Air Traffic Information System
Système d'informations du trafic aérien
ADR Analog Display Routine Sistema de informaciones del tráfico
Routine affichage analogique aéreo
Rutina de indicator analógico
ATM Air Traffic Management
ADRACS Automatic Data Recording And Control
System AWD Automatische Wähleinrichtung für
Datenverbindungen
ADSB Alternating Double Sideband Automatic dialling equipment for data
Bande latérale double alternante connections
Banda lateral doble alternante Dispositif automatique de sélection pour
ADU Antenna Distribution Unit liaisons d'acheminement de données
Antennen-Verteileinheit Dispositivo automático de selección para
Ensemble de distribution d'antenne comunicaciones de datos
Unidad de distribución de antena
AF Audio Frequency BAZ Back-Azimuth
Basse fréquence
Audiofrequencia BCD Binär Codiert Dezimal
Binary Coded decimal
AFC Automatic Frequency Control
Commande automatique par fréquence BCPS Battery Charging Power Supply
Control automático de frecuencia Chargeur de batterie et bloc
d'alimentation
AGC Automatic Gain Control Chargador de bateria y equipo de
Commande automatique de gain alimentación
Control automático de ganancia
BD Baud
AM Amplitude Modulation Baud
Modulation d'amplitude Baudio
Modulación de amplitud
BF Basse Fréquency
AMP AMPlifier Audio Frequency
Amplificateur Baja frecuencia (audiofrecuencia)
Amplificador
BIT(E) Built-in Test (Equipment)
ANSI American National Standards Institute Dispositif de test intégré
ASB Alternating SideBand Dispositivo de test integrado
Bandes latérales alternantes
Banda lateral alternante

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A XI / XVIII


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BKZ BefehlsKennZahl CEE International Commmision on Rules for


Command code number the Approval of Electrical Equipment
Numéro indicatif de commande CLR Clearance signal
Número indicador de orden
CL Signal de Clearance
BNC Bayonet Navy Connector Señal de Clearance
Koaxialverbinder mit Bayonetkupplung
CMOS Complementary Metaloxide
BP Backplane Semiconductor
Rückwandverdrahtung Semi-conducteur oxyde métallique
BSE Betriebs- und Schutzerde complémentaire
System and protective ground Semiconductor complementario de óxido
Prise de terre de système et terre de metálico
protection CONC Phone Concentrator
Puesta a tierra del sistema y de Telefon-Umschalteinrichtung
protección Installation de commutation téléphonique
BSG-D Blending Signal Generator Centralilla teléfonica
Générateur de signaux de transition CPU Central Processing Unit
Generador de señal de transición Zentrale Prozessoreinheit
BST Baustahl CR Carriage Return
Structure steel Retour du chariot
Acier de construction Retorno de carro
Acero de construcción
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
BUSGNT Bus Grant
Autorisation de bus CRT Cathode Ray Tube
Autorización de bus Tube cathodique
Tubo catódico
BUSRQ Bus Request
Demande de bus CRS Course signal
Solicitud de bus CS Kurssignal
Signal de cap
Señal de rumbo
CA Carrier Amplifier
CSB (1) Carrier signal with SideBands (HF)
CAB Cabinet Signal de porteuse avec bandes latérales
Armoire Señal de portadora con bandas laterales
Armario
CSB (2) Control&Status Board (part of the LCSU)
CAT Category
Kategorie CSL Control and Selector Logic
Category Logique de commande et de sélection
Categoría Lógica de control y de selección
CCA Circuit Card Assembly CTOL Conventional Take-off and Landing
Baugruppe Décollage et atterrissage classiques
Assemblage de la carte de circuit Despegue y aterrizaje convencionales
CCITT Commitée Consultatif International CTS Clear to Send
Téléphonique et Télégraphique Prêt à émettre
International Telegraph and Telephone Listo para transmitir
Consultative Committee CW Continuous Wave
CCP Control Coupler Fortlaufende Welle
Coupleur de commande Ondes continues
Acoplador de control Ondas continuos
CDI Course Deviation Indicator
Indicateur de déviation (cap) DAC Digital/Analog Converter
Indicador de desviaci•n de rumbo Convertisseur numérique/analogique
CD-ROM Compact Disc - Read Only Memory Convertidor digital/analógico
Disque compact -Mémoire à lecture DAS DME-based Azimuth System
Disco compacto - Memoria permanente Système d'azimut basé DME
CE Conformité Européen oder/or/ou Sistema de acimut basado en DME
Communautés Européennes

XII / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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DC Direct Current DVOR Doppler Very High Frequency


Courant continu Omnidirectional Radio Range
Corriente continua Radiophare omnidirectionnel VHF
DCC DC-Converter Doppler
Convertisseur de courant continu Radiofaro omnidireccional VHF Doppler
(Convert. CC)
Convertidor de corriente continua
EC European Community
(Convert. CC)
ECU Executive Control Unit
DCC-MV DC-Converter Multivolt Ausführende Steuereinheit
Convertisseur CC-Multivolt Ensemble de contrôl exécutif
Convertidor CC-Multivolt Unidad de control ejecución
DCC-MVD DC-Converter Multivolt Doppler EEPROM Electrically Erasable
Convertisseur CC-Multivolt Doppler Programmable Read Only Memory
Convertidor CC-Multivolt Doppler Mémoire à lecture seule, programmable
DDM Difference in Depth of Modulation et erasable électrique
Differenz der Modulationsgrade Memoria permanente borrable
Différence de taux de modulation eléctricamente y programada
Diferencia de grados de modulación EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility
DDS Direct Digital Synthesis Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung ENBT Enable Bus Transfer
Administration of air navigation services Validation transfert de bus
Bureau de la sécurité aérienne Conexión transferencia de bus
Instituto de protección de vuelo EPLD Electrically Programmable Logic Device
DFT Diskrete Fourier Transformation Elektrisch programmierbare
Discrete Fourier Transformation Schaltungseinheit
DIF Differenzsignal Montage programmable électrique
Difference signal Circuito programado eléctricamente
Signal différentiel EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only
Señal diferencial Memory
DIN Deutsche Industrie Norm Mémoire à lecture seule, programmable
German industrial standard et erasable
Norme industrielle allemande Memoria permanente borrable y
Norma industrial alemana programada
DIP Dual-In-Line Package EUROCAE European Organization for Civil
Aviation Electronics
DME Distance Measuring Equipment Organisation européenne pour
Equipement de mesure de la distance l'électronique de l'aviation civile
Equipo de medición de la distancia Organización europea para la electrónica
DSB Double Sideband de la aviacion civil
Bandes latérales doubles
Banda lateral doble
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
DSP Digital Signal Processing Administration fédérale de l'aviation
Digitaler Signal Prozessor Administración federal de aviación
DSR Data Set Ready FET Feldeffekttransistor
Enregistrement des données prêt Field-effect transistor
Registro de datos listo
FFM Farfield Monitor
DTR Data Terminal Ready (FF) Moniteur de champ lointain (zone
Terminal de données prêt Fraunhofer)
Terminal de datos listo Monitor campo lejano
DU Distribution Unit FIFO First In/First Out
Verteilereinheit Premier entré/premier sortie
Ensemble de distribution Primera entrada/primera salida
Unidad de distribución
FM Frequency Modulation
Modulation de fréquence
Modulación de frecuencia

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A XIII / XVIII


CTU & RWY-select
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Technical Manual

FPE Functional Protection Earth I/Q In Phase/Quadraturphase


Betriebsschutzerde In-phase/Quadratur-phase
FSK Frequency-Shift Keying
Frequenzumtastverfahren KADP Kabeladapter
Manipulation par déplacement de Cable adapter
fréquence Adaptateur de cable
Método de manipulación de frecuencia Adaptador de cable
GP Glide Slope, Glide Path
GS Gleitweg LCC Local Communication Control
Radiophare d'alignement de descente
Transmisor de trayectoria de descenso LCD Liquid Crystal Display
Ecran à cristaux liquides
Indicador de cristal liquido
HF Hochfrequenz LCI Local Control Indicator
Radio frequency
Haute fréquence LCP Local Control Panel
Alta frecuencia LCSU Local Control and Status Unit
LCU Local Communication Unit
IC Integrated Circuit LED Light Emitting Diode
Integrierter Schaltkreis Diode électroluminiscente
Circuit intégré Diodo electroluminiscente
Circuito integrado LF Line Feed
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization Avancement de ligne
Organisation de l'aviation civile Avance de línea
internationale (OACI) LG-A Localizer/Glide Path - Audio Generator
Organización de aviación civil
international (OACI) LG-M Localizer/Glide Path - Monitor Processor
ILS Instrument Landing System LGM Modembezeichnung (LOGEM)
Système d'atterrissage aux instruments Modem assignation
Sistema de aterrizaje por instrumentos LLZ/LOC Localizer
IM Inner Marker Radiophare d'alignement de piste
Radiobalise intérieure Localizador
Radiobaliza interior LP Leiterplatte
INC Indication and Control Printed circuit board
Anzeige und Steuerung Plaquette à circuits imprimé
Indicateur et contrôle Placa de circuito impreso
Panel de indicaciones y control LPF Low Pass Filter
INT Interface Unit Filtre passe-bas
Schnittstelleneinheit Filtro de paso bajo
Unité d'interface LRCI Local/Remote Communication Interface
Unidad de interfase LRU Line Replaceable Unit
INTFC Interface Board for monitor LSB (1) Lower Sideband (HF DVOR)
Schnittstellenkarte für Monitor Bandes latérales inférieures
Platine d'interface du moniteur Banda lateral inferior
Placa enchufable de la interfase de
monitor LSB (2) Least Significant Bit (digital)
I/O-Port Input/Output-Port
Ein-/Ausgabeport m Modulationsgrad
Porte d'entrée/sortie Mod-Depth
Puerto de entrada/salida Taux de modulation
ISO International Organization for Profundidad (grado) de modulación
Standardization MEU Marker Extension Unit
Internationale Organisation für Normung Unité de radiobalise d'extension
Organisation Internationale de Fuente de alimentación suplementaria de
Normalisation la radiobaliza

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MIA Monitor Interface Adapter NAV Navigation


Adapteur d'interface du moniteur Navegación
Adaptador de la interfase de monitor NAVAIDS Navigational Aids
MIB Monitor Interface Board Navigationsanlagen
Platine d'interface du moniteur Aide de navigation
Placa enchufable de la interfase de Radioayudas a la navegación
monitor NC Normally closed
MLS Microwave Landing System Normalement fermé
Système d'atterrissage aux micro-ondes Normalmente cerrado
Sistema de aterrizaje por microondas NDB Non-Directional radio Beacon
MM Middle Marker Radiophare omnidirectional
Radiobalise médiane Radiofaro omnidireccional
Radiobaliza intermedia NF Niederfrequenz
MOD Modulation Audio frequency
Modulación Basse fréquence
MODPA Modulator/Power Amplifier Baja frecuencia
Amplificadeur de Modulateur/puissance NFK Niederfrequenzknoten (Sternverteiler)
Amplificador Modulador/Alimentación Star distributor (for audio frequency)
MOD-SBB Modulator Sideband Blending NFM Nearfield Monitor
(DVOR) Moniteur de champ proche
Modulateur de transition des bandes Monitor campo cercano
latérales NM Nautical Mile
Modulador de transición de banda lateral Mile nautique
MON Monitor Milla náutica
Moniteur NO Normally open
MOS Metallic Oxide Semiconductor Normalement ouvert
Semi-conducteur métal oxyde Normalmente abierto
Semiconductor de óxido metálico
MPS Minimum Performance Specification OAB Optocoupler Adapter Board
Spécification de rendement minimum Platine d'adaptateur d'optcoupleur
Especificación de rendimiento mínimo Placa enchufable del adaptador
MPU Marker Processing Unit optoacoplador
Unité de marqueur de traitement OACI = ICAO, Organisation de l'aviation civile
Procesador de radiobaliza internationale
MSB Most Significant Bit International Civil Aviation Organization
MSG Modulation Signal Generator Organización de aviación civil
Générateur de signaux de modulation international
Generador de señal de modulación OIO Opto Coupler Isolated Input/Output
MSP Monitor Signal Processor OM Outer Marker
Processeur de signaux de moniteur Radiobalise extérieure
Procesador de señal de monitor Radiobaliza exterior
MSR Monitor Service Routine
Routine de service de moniteur PC Personal Computer
Rutina de servicio de monitor
PCB Printed Circuit Board
MTBF Meantime between Failures Carte à circuit imprimé
Temps moyen entre défauts Tarjeta de circuito impreso
Tiempo medio entre fallos
PDME Precision DME
MTTR Meantime to Repair DME de précision
Temps moyen de réparation DME de precición
Tiempo medio de reparacion
PE Protection Earth
MUX Multiplexer
Multiplexeur PEP Peak Envelope Power
Multiplexor Spitzenleistung
Puissance de pointe
MV Multivolt Potencia punta

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A XV / XVIII


CTU & RWY-select
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Technical Manual

PLL Phase Locked Loop RCSE Remote Control and Status Equipment
Boucle à verrouillage de phase RCSR Remote Control Service Routine
Bucle de bloqueo de fase Routine de service de télécommande
PMC Phase Monitor and Control Rutina de servicio de control remoto
Moniteur de phase et commande RCSU Remote Control Status Unit
Monitor de fase y control
REU Remote Electronic Unit
PMM Power Management Module
RF Radio Frequency
POP Power on Parallel Haute fréquence (HF)
POSN. Position Course Radiofrecuencia
Position de cap RIA Remote Interface Adapter
Posición de rumbo Adaptateur d'interface de télécommande
PROM Programmable Read Only Memory Adaptador de interfase telemando
Mémoire à lecture seule et RIAX Remote Interface Adapter extended
programmable Adaptateur d'interface de télécommande
Memoria permanente programada étendé
PRUM Protector Unit Marker Adaptador suplementario de interfase
Radiobalise d'unité de protection telemando
Unidad de protección de la radiobaliza RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computing
PRUT Protector Unit Tower Rechner mit reduziertem Befehlssatz
Unité de protection RL Radio link
Unidad de protección Richtfunkverbindung
PS Power Supply Liaison hetzienne
Bloc d'alimentation Radioenlace dirigido
Equipo de alimentación RMMC Remote Monitoring and Maintenance
PSI Power Supply Interface Configuration
Interface du bloc d'alimentation ROM Read Only Memory
Interfase equipo de alimentación Mémoire à lecture seule
PSS Power Supply Switch Memoria permanente
PSW Interrupteur de puissance RST Restart
Interruptor de alimentación Remettre en marche
PSN Position Nueva puesta en marche
Position RTC Real Time Clock
Posición Echtzeituhr
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network Rythme en temps réel
Reloj en tiempo real
PTT Post Telephone and Telecommunications
(Authority) RTCR Real Time Clock Routine
Routine de rythme en temps réel
PVC Polyvinylchlorid Rutina de reloj en tiempo real
Polyvinyl chloride
Chlorure de polyvinyl (C.P.V.) RTS Request to send
Chloruro de polivinilo Marche l'émetteur
Activación del transmisor
PWR Password Routine
Routimne de mot de passe RWY Runway
Rutina de contrasena Landebahn
Piste d'aviation
Pista de aterrizaje
RAM Random Access Memory RX Receiver
Mémoire à accés aléatoire Récepteur
Memoria de acceso aleatorio Receptor
RC Remote Control RXC Receiver Clock
Télécommande Rythme du récepteur
Control remoto Reloj de receptor
RCMS Remote Control Monitoring System RXD Receiver Data
Système de télécommande et de Données de récepteur
surveillance Datos de receptor
Sistema de control y monitoreo remotos

XVI / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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RXRDY Receiver Ready TCXO Temperature Compensated Crystal


Récepteur prêt Oscillator
Receptor listo Temperatur kompensierter
S Switch Quarzoszillator
Commutateur Oscillateur à quartz compensé par
Conmutador témperature
Oscilador de cuarzo termo compensado
SB Sideband
Bandes latérales TEG Test Generator
Banda lateral Générateur de test
Generador de test
SB1, SB2 Sideband 1, Sideband 2
Bandes latérales 1, 2 THR Threshold
Banda lateral 1, 2 Schwellwert
Valeur de seuil
SBA Sideband A (used in VOR) Nivel determinado
Bandes latérales A (utilizé en VOR)
Banda lateral A (utilizado para VOR) TNC Threaded Navy Connector
Koaxialverbinder mit Gewindekupplung
SBB Sideband B (used in VOR)
Bandes latérales B (utilizé en VOR) TNV Telephone Network Voltage
Banda lateral B (utilizado para VOR) TOR Time Out Routine
SBO Sideband Only Routine de temps de suspension
Bandes latérales seulement Rutina de tiempo de suspensión
Banda lateral solamente TTL Transistor-Transistor Logic
SBR Subrack Logique transistor-transistor
Sous-bâti Lógica transistor - transistor
Subrack (con junto) TX Transmitter
SCC Serial Communication Controller Emetteur
Transmisor
SDM Sum of Depths of Modulation
Somme des taux de modulation TXC Transmitter Clock
Suma de grado de modulación Rythme d'émetteur
Reloj de transmisor
SMA Subminiature connector type A
Miniatur HF-Steckverbinder für TXD Transmitter Data
Mikrowellenanwendungen Données d'émetteur
Datos de transmisor
SPDT Single Pole Double Throw
Commutateur unipolaire TXRDY Transmitter Ready
Conmutador unipolar doble Emetteur prêt
Transmisor listo
SP3T Single Pole 3 Throw
Commutateur unipolaire triple
Conmutador unipolar triple USART Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous
STOL Short Take-Off and Landing Receiver/Transmitter
Système de décollage et d'atterissage Récepteur/émetteur universel
court synchrone/asynchrone
Despegue y aterrizaje corto Receptor/transmisor universal
síncrono/asíncrono
SUM Summensignal
Summation Signal USB Upper Sideband (HF DVOR)
Signal de la somme Bandes latérales supérieures
Señal de suma Banda lateral superior
SW Software UV Ultraviolet
Ultravioleta
SYN (1) Synchronisation
Synchronisation VAM Voice Amplifier
Sincronización Amplificateur vocal
Amplificador vocal
SYN (2) Synthesizer

TACAN Tactical Air Navigation


Navigation aérienne tactique
Navigación aérea táctica

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A XVII / XVIII


CTU & RWY-select
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VCO Voltage Controlled Oscillator WT Wechselstrom-Telegrafie


VGA Video Graphic Adapter Voice-frequency carrier telegraphy
Télégraphie harmonique à ondes
VHF Very High Frequency porteuses
Hyperfréquence Telegrafía armónica
Hiperfrecuencia
VOR Very High Frequency Omnidirectional
Radio Range ZU Zeichenumsetzer
Radiophare omnidirectionnel VHF Modem for data transfer
Radiofaro omnidireccional VHF Convertisseur de signaux
Convertidor de señal
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
Taux d'ondulation
Grado de ondulación
VTOL Vertical Take-off and Landing
Décollage et atterrissage verticaux
Despegue y aterrizaje vertical

XVIII / XVIII THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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1 CHAPTER 1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.1 GENERAL
The CTU and RWY-select equipment are components of the Remote Control and Monitoring System
(RCMS) used for maintenance and control of ILS or MLS landing systems.
The basic configuration of the RCMS contains the RCSE/RCSI and a maintenance data terminal (PC) to
perform the RCMS functions. It provides separate status display and on/off-control functions for all Navaids
equipment, and mechanisms to change and display auxiliary data words for MLS. The RCSE consists of the
Remote control Electronic Unit (REU) with an Indication and Control (INC) panel. The RCSE is interfacing
with one or two Control Tower Units (CTU) which however, only indicates the NORMAL, WARNING and
ALARM operating states of up to eight NAV stations. Its display brightness is adjustable to permit adaptation
to the varying light conditions in the control tower.. The CTU is intended for installation in the ATC control
tower.
The CTU can be used in conjunction with a runway selector (RWY-SELECT), which activates the ILS
systems in one approach direction and switches the other direction to a dummy load. This panel also
indicates the general status of the two ILS systems (OPERATIONAL, DEGRADED, SHUT DOWN) and their
availability (ENABLE) to aircraft as a landing aid.
Figure 1-1 shows the application environment for the CTU and RWY-select units.

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 1/ 1


CTU & RWY-select
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RMC 443
INC
REU
SIB

DIAL MODEM LGM

MAINTENANCE CENTER

PTT LINES

AIRPORT

TOWER
RCSE 443/RCSI 446
REU DIAL MODEM LGM
RSU RS422*)
CTU RWY
RS422*) SELECT
INC SIB

STATIONS

M 4000
LOC FFM Marker GS DME

*) RS422 interface to equipment situated


in a different building than RCSE -
LGM Extender 2 Unit has to be used!

Figure 1-1: Application example of the CTU and RWY-select units

2/2 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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1.2 CTU MECHANICAL DESIGN

Control Tower Unit (CTU) RunWaY Select

AIR NAV SUBSYSTEM RWY-SELECT

19"-cabinet
520 x 179 x 300 [mm]

RWY select

CTU Blank panel


AC/DC,DC/DC converter in 19" subrack (alt. to RWY select)
482.6 x 133.3 x 150 [mm]

Figure 1-2: CTU with RWY-select housing (front view)

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 3/ 3


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AC mains fuse

VAC 85V...264V
DC/DC

I
O

J1 CTU/RPU IN

J3 J4
J17 J2 CTU/RPU SLAVE
VDC

-- +

Figure 1-3: CTU / RWY-select housing (rear view)

4/4 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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1.3 TECHNICAL DATA


The device fulfills the EMC requirements of EC Guideline 89/336/EEC. It bears the CE Designation.

1.3.1 Housing

For standard applications the CTU and RWY-Select panels are mounted as a front panel to a 19 inch
subrack which is mounted in a 19 inch housing (Figure 1-2). For special applications it can also be mounted
in 19 inch racks or control consoles. The RWY-Select panel is an ILS application and only installed when
required and, if not equipped, replaced by a blank panel (see Figure 1-2 ).

1.3.2 Power Supply

Input: DC +5 V (from REU)


or 14 ... 70 V with built-in DC/DC-converter
AC 85 ... 264 V with built-in AC/DC-converter

1.3.3 Composition

P/N Description

84045 89701 CTU Panel Unit, including:

84045 82101 PU 51 - Processor unit 8051 with generic software (firmware) to control the displays and
key activation

84045 90400 CTU panel with Status LED/Select Keys

84045 90700 ACC 05 - AC/DC converter module

84045 90500 RWY Selector panel with Status LED/Select Keys

1.3.4 Spare part list

P/N Description

84045 89701 CTU Panel Unit

84045 90700 ACC 05 - AC/DC converter module

84045 90500 RWY Selector panel with Status LED/Select Keys

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 5/ 5


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1.3.5 Subsystem Status Indication (CTU Panel)


NORMAL green Normal Operation
All transmitter and monitor equipment are switched on,
initialized and serviceable for the intended category of
operations (i. e. No Warning and No Alarm Condition).
WARNING yellow Warning (Alert)
- Transmitter(s) OFF
- Equipm. initializing or (MLS: AZ/BAZ) reconfiguring
- Primary Equipment shut-down by monitor
- Limited Monitor Configuration (only one executive)
- Local Access (local panel or attached terminal)
- Monitor Bypass (one or both)
- MLS: Non-essential data shut-down
- MLS: C-band sync switched off
- Battery operation
ALARM red Alarm
- Subsystem shut-down
- Out-of-tolerance signal(s) while monitor in bypass

1.3.6 System Status Indication (RWY-Select Panel)


OPERATIONAL green Normal Operation
All subsystems required for operation in the designated
category of service are switched on, initialized and fully
serviceable. It is also required that all subsystems are
under remote control (no Warning, no Alarm).
DEGRADED yellow Degraded, Warning (Alert)
Any condition of a subsystem, that would impair the
system availability or continuity of service
(De-Categorization).
Initialization or (AZ/BAZ) reconfiguration.
SHUT DOWN red Alarm
- Any subsystem OFF.
- Any shut-down of a subsystem.
- Local control of a subsystem.

1.3.7 CTU Switch Controls

For the CTU function the following controls are available:


- BRIGHTNESS UP Increase brightness of indicators
- BRIGHTNESS DOWN Decrease brightness of indicators
- ALARM SILENT Visual and audible alarm reset
- LAMP TEST

1.3.8 RWY-select Switch Controls

Runway select switch including indication (ENABLE) for clearance and availability.

6/6 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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1.3.9 Environmental Conditions

Operation: ambient temperature 0 to 70 °C


relative humidity max. 95 % (below 35 °C)
Storage: ambient temperature -20 to + 85 °C
relative humidity max. 95 %

1.3.10 Conformity and Licensing Approval

The CTU and RWY-select devices complies with the requirements of EC Guideline 89/336/EEC in its
implementation.
Individually, the device fulfills the requirements of the following EMC Guidelines:
- EN 55022 1998 Emission Tests
EN 61000-3-2 1995
EN 61000-3-3 1995
- EN 55024 1998 Immunity Tests
(EN 61000-4-2 1995
EN 61000-4-11 1994)

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1.4 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

1.4.1 Work on the Equipment

In order to avoid risks to persons and consequential damage to subassemblies, the DC-converter has to be
switched off prior to removing or inserting a subassembly or prior to removing a plug-in connector.

1.4.2 Handling electrostatically sensitive Subassemblies

When replacing subassemblies and plug-in cards containing electrostatically sensitive components, special
precautionary measures should be taken during removal, transport and installation in order to prevent
damage to the components. We refer to the customer documentation of the manufacturer.
Sub a ssem b lies w hic h c onta in elec tro sta tic a lly sensitive
c om p onents a re m a rked w ith this sym b ol.

If any of the maintenance personnel need to touch one of these subassemblies, they should place both
hands flat on a grounded conductive surface for a few seconds to eliminate static charges. The subassembly
can be touched - preferably at an insulator (board edge, lever mechanism, etc.) - as soon as the potential
has been equalized in this manner. It is advisable to avoid touching the contacts of the plug-in connectors,
the conductor paths and the components themselves. Some of the subassemblies must be left in their
antistatic packaging or plastic bags as long as possible. The special procedures described below should be
followed when subassemblies and plug-in boards are replaced within the framework of repair and
maintenance activities, due to the risk of damage to electrostatically sensitive components.
To remove a subassembly:
- Switch off the system before beginning the replacement procedure.
- Eliminate any static body charges by touching the frame of the grounded rack with both hands.
- Remove the subassembly and lay it down on a bench with a grounded conductive worktop.
- Pack the subassembly in an antistatic plastic bag and send it off to the manufacturer for repair.
To install a subassembly:
- Eliminate any static body charges by touching the frame of the grounded rack with both hands.
- Remove the subassembly from the antistatic plastic bag.
- Install the subassembly.
- Switch on the system again.

1.4.3 Using Lithium Batteries

Always read the label on the battery.

WARNING

Do not recharge, disassemble, heat above 100 °C or incinerate any lithium cell. Do not short-circuit the cell
or solder directly on it. Disregard of the norms regarding the use of lithium batteries may cause the risk of
fire, explosion and the leakage of toxic liquid and gas. Run-down batteries are objects that can pollute the
environment and must be disposed of taking the proper precautions.

1.4.4 Observation of safety regulations

In addition to the above-mentioned instructions for avoiding damage and injury, locally valid safety
regulations should always be observed.

8/8 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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1.5 DESCRIPTION
1.5.1 General Overview in RCSE 443 environment

See Figure 1-4.


Fig. 1-4 shows the structure of a typical ILS remote control system. The central unit is the RCSE (or could be
an RCSI), which is connected to the stations of the instrument landing system via dedicated lines. It includes
the REU and the INC as standard components. The REU is also used for the RMC 443 and also for the LCU
443 in the VORTAC (or VOR/DME) shelter. Therefore the design of the REU is modular in order to be
adaptable for the different applications. The block diagram below shows the REU with the 7 available boards,
which may be present in one of the existing seven PC-slots. The maintenance functions are controlled by a
PC system via the communications interface of the REU. In addition, a connection to a maintenance center
(RMC) is available via the auto dial modem (or ISDN modem) and the PSTN. The control and indication
panels are largely identical. The control panel is black with inscriptions in white; the recessed, transparent
fields are half back-illuminated with red, yellow and green LED arrays. A separate label can be inscribed in
the top row for each system. The power supply is always +5 V and is obtained either from the REU or from a
separate DC converter.

115/230 VAC (or alternatively 36 ... 72 VDC) Network interface link (optional) In/Out analog
J18/19 S12 OIO 1/2 LAN 1/2

REU AC/DC or 5V
DC/DC +12 V
Processor Board
P4N 486 INC ADC OIO ELC
Ethernet
Converter -12 V X4

PC Backpanel

Modem Backpanel

PC1 Serial
PC2 Interface Board
SIB modem bus

LED SIB
SW1
Modem 1) Modem 1) Modem 1)3) Modem 1)2)3) Modem NFK-29
5)
NFK-29
5)
LGM 1 LGM 2 LGM 3 LGM 4 ZUA/ZU1 1 2
RCSE

Connector Backpanel with Protectors

1a2 2a2 1sA 1sB LGM1 LGM2 LGM3 LGM4 ZUA NFK-1 NFK-2 2sA/ 2a1/ 1+2a3/ 1a1/ 1a3 2a3 IN/OUT
422 CTU 422 RSU

3) 2) 2) 4) 4)
3) 5)
4)

PC1
PC2
PSTN
(analog CTU RSU
diagnosis or S0)
1) normally dial modems
LOC GS FFM MM OM LGM28.8 or LGM64K are used
RWY 2) alternatively the ILS system
can be connected at LGM4
RMC Select using an LGM1200MD
modem

Printer REU+INC DME


3) AN 420 ILS stations are
connected via dedicated
line modems LGM9600H1
2) 3) in half duplex mode
PC ILS NAV system 4) alternatively RS422 connection
to CTU or RSU via LGM Exten-
der 2 Unit at LGM4
optional 5) alternatively Multiplexer RS232
for dedicated lines to ILS stations

Figure 1-4: RCSE, block diagram (with one ILS system), example

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 9/ 9


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The CTU is the Tower status display and obtains its data via a RS422 interface from the REU via connector
2a1/CTU. It consists of the submodules Processor unit PU-51, LED/display Driver, Status LED and Select
keys. The generic software (firmware) of the PU-51 of the CTU controls the display and key activation. The
CTU can display the main status of 8 subsystems. The CTU can be mounted for standard application in a 19
inch cabinet with separate power supply (+5 VDC). Two or more CTU panels can be cascaded.
A RWY Select panel with indicator can be mounted next to the CTU in the 19 inch subrack instead of the
blank panel. The RWY Select panel is controlled by the CTU panel.

Status LED

Select keys

LED display driver

Audible Device
Processor unit PU-51 RWY Select
230Vac +5V RWY1/2 selec
ACC 05

SERIAL DATA to/from REU

Figure 1-5: CTU/RWY-select block diagram

The REU is the central unit of the Remote Control and Status Equipment (RCSE 443 or RCSI 446)), thus
responsible for the functions which control the data communication sequences and organization. It also
handles higher-level system functions that can be subdivided into: Internal functions, External
functions/Communication, System control (according to priorities; optional).
In particular, for the system control function, the REU manages the priorities of RWY SWITCH (from RWY-
select unit), SWITCH CONTROL and PC CONTROL.
The central feature of the RCSE/REU is an industrial PC system which uses MS-DOS (Version 3.3 or
higher). All the data required to run the remote control system correctly (the operating parameters) is saved
in a file on the ’RAM side’ of the flash disk on the processor board P4N 486. The actual RC program and the
operating system (MS-DOS) are stored on the ’EPROM side’ of the flash disk on the processor board P4N
486 as normal MS-DOS files.

The navigation systems can be controlled via a maintenance data terminal in local mode, for the purposes of
first setup procedure, maintenance and flight measurements. The PC control software for the various NAV
systems must be installed on a portable PC system. The serial interface parameters for diagnostics have to
be adjusted as follows: 9600 Baud / 8 bits / parity: none / stop bit: 1.

1.5.2 ACC 05 - AC/DC converter

ACC-05 is a standard AC/DC Converter module (MELCHER series LM 1000), fed by ac input voltage (with
extremely wide voltage range) and providing +5V isolated and controlled output voltage.
The input voltage is fed via an input fuse, an input filter, a rectifier and an inrush current limiter to the input
capacitor. This capacitor sources a single transistor forward converter. The output is powered by a separate
secondary winding of the main transformer. The resultant voltage is rectified and its ripples smoothed by a

10 / 10 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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power choke and an output filter. The control logic senses the output voltage and generates, with respect the
maximum admissible output current, the control signal for the primary switching transistor. This signal is fed
back via a coupling transformer.

i
2

Main control circuit

Vi+
Forward converter

29
approx. 70 kHz
Input Filter

20
Output 1 U01
Filter
23
Fuse

Vi-
32

26

Figure 1-6: AC/DC-Converter block diagram

1.5.3 WIN ADRACS Interface to local PC (Laptop)

The functions for settings and maintenance are executed by a local control PC (laptop). In order to simplify
the operations, communications may take place through the LCU and not directly at the navigation device
(no plug switching of the V.24/RS232C interface). The laptop used for local WIN ADRACS operation is
connected through an RS232C serial interface with a configurable baud rate for this.
The concept of control and message telegram transmission is also applied here. In the case of a failure, if
the queried device does not respond after a configurable repetition, a message is displayed to the user. The
telegram structure corresponds to an asynchronous protocol which is specifically adapted to the remote
controls of the navigation system.
The telegram is composed of bytes (1 byte = 8 bits). Each byte is limited by a start bit and a stop bit. A
maximum interval of 1 ms each occurs between the data blocks of 10 bits which have been generated. By
setting time loops at the beginning of the transmission, it is thus possible to recognize improper telegram
lengths. Data security is performed by a Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC).
The WIN ADRACS program is described in more detail in Technical Manual WIN ADRACS.

1.5.4 Runway Information

1.5.4.1 Runway Status

The runway status only refers to the stations which belong to this runway. If no stations belong to the
runway, all the states will be »OFF». The meaning of the Runway status is shown as a logical AND-
combination.
OPERATIONAL (not ALARM (DME, FFM, MARKER)) and (not Local-Control (GS, LOC)) and NORMAL
(GS, LOC)
DEGRADED (not OPERATIONAL) and (not ALARM (GS, LOC)

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 11 / 11


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SHUTDOWN (not OPERATIONAL) and (not DEGRADED)


ENABLE DATA-COM (DME, GS, LOC) and (not Local-Control (GS, LOC)) and (not PC-Control
(DME, GS, LOC)) and (not (Shut-Down-TX1 and Shut-Down-TX2 (DME)) and (not
Switch-Control (DME, GS, LOC))

1.5.4.2 Runway Select

The runway is normally selected via the CTUs. The CTUs send the status of the runway select switch (key
switch) to the REU every 2 s. This telegram also contains the states of the two runway select enable
switches (on the CTU board). The REU only evaluates the runway select switches whose runway select
enable switches are set to »ON». The status of the runway select switch is saved in the runway select bit. If
a valid runway select telegram is not received for a runway for more than 10 s, the REU assumes that the
corresponding CTU is no longer functioning correctly and allows the PC to manipulate the runway select bit
for this runway. This only applies until another valid telegram is received from the CTU. Otherwise, the PC is
not allowed to alter the runway select bit.
If there are several cascaded CTUs, the previous CTU in the chain which is set to enable for one runway,
checks whether or not the next CTUs have the same setting for the same runway. If not - e.g. if CTU 1 is set
to enable and CTU 2 to disable - the next CTU is ignored. If the opposite is true - i.e. if CTU 1 is set to
disable and CTU 2 to enable - there are no restrictions. A runway can only be shut down by the master CTU
which is set to enable for it. The other CTUs in the chain are set to disable.

12 / 12 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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2 CHAPTER 2

INSTALLATION AND INITIAL SETUP

2.1 GENERAL
This chapter describes the installation and initial setup procedures for the CTU & RWY-select units. The
equipment and system configurations for the various components of the RCMS 443 are dependent on the
local situation and may vary accordingly. For details about RCSE 443, see the relevant manual.

2.2 INSTALLATION

2.2.1 Power supply connection

- Set the AC and DC power switch on the rear of the subrack to »off»: lower position (Fig. 2-1).
- Connect a ground or frame cable.
- Connect the power supply (either AC or DC, depending on the configuration, see Fig. 2-1).

CAUTION

If a DC power supply is used, take care to connect it with the correct polarity. Make
sure the correct mains voltage is set if an AC supply is used.

AC mains fuse
Equipped with DC/DC-converter Equipped with AC/DC-converter

VAC 85V...264V VAC 85V...264V


DC/DC DC/DC

I I
O O

J3 J4 J3 J4
J17 J17
VDC VDC

-- + -- +

-- +
DC-Power 20 ... 60 V AC-Power
Supply 85...264 V
Supply

Figure 2-1: Power supply cabling

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 13 / 13


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2.2.2 CTU+RWY interfacing

CTU & RWY subrack can be connected to the following external equipment via separate RS 422 links:
- RCSE 443
- CTU + RWY (slave)

PTT line

Note:
The overall length of a RS422 connection
line should be < 1 km !
The overall length of a RS232 connection
line should be < 15 m !

Printer
LGM1
COM1
LPT1

1a2

PC1 RS232

RCSE 443/RCSI 446


1a1

2a1
RS422
J1 CTU+RWY J2
1)

1)
LGM2 LGM3 LGM4 RS422

J1 CTU+RWY J2

Lines to Navaids Station equipment

1) CTU is connected via LGM4 if LGM


Extended 2 Unit is used to prevent optional
potential difference in case of long lines

Figure 2-2: Interface cabling

14 / 14 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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2.2.3 CTU pin assignment of Interface Connectors

VAC 85V...264V
DC/DC

I
O

J1 CTU/RPU IN

J3 J4
J17 J2 CTU/RPU SLAVE
VDC

-- +

Figure 2-3: CTU subrack, back panel connectors

2.2.3.1 SubD 9 Pin Connectors J1, J2

J1 CTU/RPU IN (female)
PIN ASSIGNMENT PIN ASSIGNMENT
1 +RxD 6 +TxD
2 -RxD 7 -TxD
3 +CTS 8 +RTS
4 -CTS 9 -RTS
5 Gnd
J2 CTU/RPU SLAVE (male)
PIN ASSIGNMENT PIN ASSIGNMENT
1 +TxD 6 +RxD
2 -TxD 7 -RxD
3 +RTS 8 +CTS
4 -RTS 9 -CTS
5 Gnd

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 15 / 15


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2.3 CTU SETTINGS


The EPROM of the processor unit for CTU contains with software version 1.23 the complete software for test
and operation. The settings of the address coding switch have to be set in accordance with the tables Fig. 2-
4 (0 = OPEN, 1 = CLOSED). The settings up to software version 1.07 are also indicated (example of the
address coding switch in the figures).

Runway Select enable (Runway 1)


Address coding switch
1=enabled 2=disabled
S5 (not used)

9 87 6 54 32 1
SW1

1 OPEN
2 9 87 6 54 32 1
1
SW2

2 OPEN
W5
W4

W2
W3

set open set


open
Reset Watchdog on/off Runway Select enable (Runway 2) 1 2 3
1=enabled 2=disabled
Termination RS422

Software (up to V. 1.07) Address coding switch


987654321 Switch position and setting
CTU 001100100 9 87 6 54 32 1
1
Software (V. 1.23) Address coding switch 0
OPEN
987654321
CTU 1 (station 0...7) 100100100 closed
CTU 1 (station 8...15) 010100100
Test CTU 010100010
or

Figure 2-4: CTU rear side, position of jumpers and default settings

16 / 16 THALES ATM S.p.A Ed. 01


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2.4 INITIAL SETUP


It presumes that the equipment has been factory-aligned and tested. The installation must be in the following
status:
- External power supply and external equipment (e.g. ILS systems) are installed and cabled.
- The input voltage to the subrackmust correspond to the assigned input voltage.
- The switches and jumpers must be set to the correct position (refer to section 2.3)

2.4.1 Initial Power up

See Fig. 2-5.


The installation procedure must be completed and all the connections made before the RCSE can be started
up. The power switch for the supply voltage must be set to »off», depending on the type of converter
installed (see Fig. 2-5).
As soon as the device is switched on, the REU initialization routine starts automatically: the boot procedure
is performed, the main REU program is loaded, start procedures are run, etc. This may take around 20 s
altogether. Since the RSU/CTU has a separate processor, an ALARM indication appears there initially,
together with a message on the LCD display of the RSU: ...REU COMMUNICATION ERROR, and a tone is
emitted by the signal generator. As soon as the REU software has been loaded successfully, the subsystem
states of the connected stations are indicated on the INC/RSU/CTU and the system status is indicated on the
CTU. The NORMAL indicators light up for the various subsystems during normal operation. If no
maintenance data terminal is connected, the RCSE can commence operation.

On/Off switch if AC/DC converter used On/Off switch if DC/DC converter used
(no function for DC). (no function for AC)

subrack, rear side

Figure 2-5: Location of On/Off switches (CTU-subrack)

Ed. 01 THALES ATM S.p.A 17 / 17


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3 CHAPTER 3

OPERATION

3.1 GENERAL
This chapter describes the operation of the CTU and RWY-select in the RCMS 443 for AN 400 (SYSTEM
4000) ILS, VOR/DVOR and DME. Description and use of the PC User Program will be found in the
Technical Manual WIN ADRACS, Code No. 83140 55323.

3.2 OPERATION OF THE CTU AND RWY-SELECT


3.2.1 Switching On/Off

Use the proper On/Off switch located on the rear to switch-off the subrack.
When the subracks are switched on, the REU starts up automatically. This takes around 20 seconds
altogether. The INC/RSU/CTU issue an ALARM (REU COMMUNICATION ERROR) immediately after
starting up and output an audible signal. When the REU software has started successfully, the states of the
connected stations are indicated at the INC/RSU or CTU/RWY Select.

On/Off switch if AC/DC converter used On/Off switch if DC/DC converter used
(no function for DC) (no function for AC)

Figure 3-1: Position of On/Off-switch

3.2.2 General Controls of CTU

See fig. 3-2.

3.2.2.1 Lamp Test

When LAMP TEST is pressed, the lamps light up consecutively one column at a time, from left to right, to
permit a visual check.

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3.2.2.2 Alarm Silent

The device buzzer sounds whenever the status of a station indicated on the device changes. This is only
provided in the NORMAL, WARNING and ALARM states. The buzzer remains switched on until either the
ALARM SILENT button is pressed.
A station status change does not result in a buzzer alarm in the following situations:
- If either PC control or switch control has been set for the station.
- If the runway select bit for the runway to which the station belongs has been altered during the previous
60 seconds.
- If the WIN ADRACS maintenance function (PC) is active.

3.2.2.3 Brightness up/Brightness down (CTU)

The brightness of the indicators on the CTU can be adapted to the ambient brightness with the
BRIGHTNESS UP and BRIGHTNESS DOWN controls.

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AIR NAV SUBSYSTEM RWY-SELECT

ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM OPERATIONAL OPERATIONAL

WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING DEGRADED DEGRADED

NORMAL NORMAL NORMAL NORMAL NORMAL NORMAL NORMAL NORMAL SHUT DOWN SHUT DOWN

THALES ATM S.p.A


ALARM BRIGHT- BRIGHT- LAMP
NESS NESS ENABLE ENABLE
SILENT TEST
DOWN UP

Figure 3-2: CTU/RWY Select panel


Control Tower Unit (CTU) RunWaY Selector (RWY)
Key Switch

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3.2.3 CTU and RWY Select Control Functions

The CTU has no special controls on its front panel. The runway which is displayed on the RWY select can be
selected with the SW1 and SW2 switches on the CTU board (rear). The following options are available:
SW1: Runway1 enabled (up)
SW1: Runway1 disabled (down)
SW2: Runway2 enabled (up)
SW2: Runway2 disabled (down)
The runways can be switched on (and off) with the key switch of the RWY Select (front) unit. The ENABLE
lamp of the determined runway must light up. ENABLE off is a result of the following conditions:
- Datacom error to LLZ or GP and DME (if it belongs to the system)
- Local control of LLZ or GP and DME (FACE LINK)
- Switch control mode (RPU SW1 and station selected)
- PC control mode, maintenance active for a station in WIN ADRACS
- DME TX1 and 2 SHUT DOWN

3.2.4 CTU Cascading

It is always possible to connect several CTU’s in a cascade with a CTU. The same status is indicated on
each unit. If one of the CTU’s in the chain develops a fault however, all the indication units connected
downstream of it will also be affected.
If there are two CTU’s cascaded, the runway select can be changed over to a single CTU, or each CTU can
be used to switch only one runway:
CTU (1) SW1 = ON => Runway 1 enabled (Runway 1 enabled on CTU 1)
CTU (1) SW2 = OFF => Runway 2 disabled
CTU (2) SW1 = OFF => Runway 1 disabled
CTU (2) SW2 = ON => Runway 2 enabled (Runway 2 enabled on CTU 2)

CTU (1) SW1 = ON => Runway 1 enabled (Runway 1 enabled on CTU 1)


CTU (1) SW2 = ON => Runway 2 enabled (Runway 2 enabled on CTU 1)
CTU (2) SW1 = OFF => Runway 1 disabled
CTU (2) SW2 = OFF => Runway 2 disabled

3.2.5 CTU and RWY-Select Indications

See fig. 3-2.

3.2.5.1 CTU Subsystem Status Indication

NORMAL => Normal Operation:


All transmitter and monitor equipment are switched on, initialized and
serviceable for the intended category of operations.(i. e. No Warning and No
Alarm Condition)

WARNING => Warning (Alert):


Transmitter(s) OFF, equipment initializing, primary equipment shut-down by
monitor, limited monitor configuration (only one executive), local access
(local panel or attached terminal), monitor bypass (one or both), battery
operation
ALARM => Alarm
Subsystem shut-down Out-of-tolerance signal(s) while monitor in bypass.

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3.2.5.2 RWY-Select System Status Indication

OPERATIONAL => Operational performance fulfilled (e.g. Runway in CAT III mode)
DEGRADED => Operational performance limited (e.g. RWY degraded to CAT I/II)
SHUT DOWN => Runway shut down or has ALARM
ENABLE => Runway follows CTU runway switch

3.3 MAINTENANCE OPERATION


Maintenance mode can be set either at a Maintenance Data Terminal (PC) connected to the
RCSE/RCSI/REU or at a Remote Maintenance Center (RMC), again via a PC which is connected there to
the RCSE/RCSI/REU. In both cases, it is controlled using the installed PC User Program (WIN ADRACS).
Since the interface in the REU system is an open interface, access and thus operator actions are governed
by a multi-level password code. When the WIN ADRACS program is started, password information is sent to
the REU. The first PC with a suitable password level (> 2) to issue a request is given priority over the next
requesting PC with the same password level, in other words only one PC at a time can be operated in
maintenance mode in the same system (either locally or at the RMC). The other PCs receive an »Other User
is master» message. All PCs with a password level < 3 will get access to the system. The only exception is a
request for GetAllState data (telegram for main status of station), which can be made by several different
PCs.
NOTE: To avoid bringing in a computer virus it is not allowed to run computer games generally and to use
software programs which are not authorized on the Maintenance Data Terminal (PC). It is
recommended to test the computer or disks with a virus checker.
Complete information con be found in the RCSE 443/RCSI 446 and WIN ADRACS manuals.

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4 CHAPTER 4

MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING

4.1 MAINTENANCE
There are no special activities for ordinary maintenance.

4.1.1 Front Panel cleaning


Use only water and neutral soap with a soft cloth; do not use alcohol, corrosive and abrasive substances.

4.2 TROUBLESHOOTING
This paragraph covers tracing and replacement of faulty cards that can be repaired in a properly equipped
laboratory.

A malfunction on a CTU panel unit and RWY-select may cause the following faults:
1. incorrect indications on the front panel, or Leds that do not light up;

2. pushbutton commands that are not performed;

3. serial port not working;

A malfunction on the power supply module may cause the following faults:
1. all indications on the front panel are switched off;

First check the fuse on the mains input (2.5A / 250V - dimension: 5x20).

WARNING : During the checks disconnect the mains input cable.


A short circuit on the output DC voltage could be diagnosed as a power supply faulty: disconnect the power
supply connection to PU 51 unit and check the 5V presence (pin 20 – 23).

FUSE

32 29 26 23 20 17 14 11 8 5 2

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4.3 MODULES REPLACEMENT


Follow these procedures:

· turn-off the equipment;

· unscrew the front panel screws to access the internal connections and AC/DC converter module.

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5 CHAPTER 5

PARTS LIST -
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS -
LAYOUT DRAWINGS

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5.1 PROCESSOR UNIT PU 51


TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V
C1 CAPACITOR, ELECTROL. TA 10 UF ±10% 25 43297 24048

C2 CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE1 33 PF ±2% 100 42980 14233

C3 CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE1 33 PF ±2% 100 42980 14233

C4 CAPACITOR, ELECTROL. TA 1 UF ±10% 35 43297 24045

C5 CAPACITOR, ELECTROL. TA 1 UF ±10% 35 43297 24045

C6 … CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE 2 PF ±10% 100 42845 17510


C32 10000
D1 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT04 00105 0001
6 INVT DIL14
D2 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT08 62434 0008
4 AND DIL14
D3 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT245 00122 0001
8 TRI-DG DIL20
D4 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8 D-TRI DIL20
D5 IC, MEMORY 6264 00290 0011
1 SRAM 8KX8 DIL28
D6 IC PROGRAM 27C256 52828 15025
EPROM 32KX8 250 NS DIL28
D7 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT245 00122 0001
8 TRI-DG DIL20
D8 IC,HCTMOS 74HCT138 62434 0138
1 COWA BC8-ST DIL16
D9 IC, PERIPHERY 82C54 00148 0002
1 MPSS PROT IMU DIL24
D10 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT139 62434 0139
2COWA BC4-ST DIL16
D11 IC, COMPUTER 80C32 00112 0001
1 MCSU 8B 12MHZ DIL40
D12 IC, INTERFACE MAX690 02141 0006
1 MPSS CTLR DIL8
D13 IC, INTERFACE 9638 03313 0001
2 TREI LG DIL8
D14 IC, INTERFACE 9637DC 52414 05116
2 EMPF LG DIL8
D15 IC, PERIPHERY 82050 02913 0001
1 MPSS COM CTLR DIL28
D16 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT02 04727 0002
4 VKGL NOR DIL14

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TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V
D17 IC, PERIPHERY 82050 02913 0001
1 MPSS COM CTLR DIL28
D18 IC, INTERFACE 9638 03313 0001
2 TREI LG DIL8
D19 IC, INTERFACE 9637DC 52414 05116
2 EMPF LG DIL8
D20 IC, HCMOS 74HC238 62424 0238
1 COWA BC8-ST DIL16
D21 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8 FLFL D-TRI DIL20
D22 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8FLFL D-TRI DIL20
D23 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8FLFL D-TRI DIL20
D24 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8 FLFL D-TRI DIL20
D25 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8 FLFL D-TRI DIL20
D26 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT373 62434 0373
8 FLFL D-TRI DIL20
D27 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT245 00122 0001
8TREI TRI-DG DIL20
D28 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT73 62434 0073
2 FLFL JK-MSTZ DIL14
G1 CRYSTAL, CONTROL HC-49/U 01384 0019
10000 KHZ
G1 SUPPORT 78203 44614

G2 OSCILLATOR, CRYSTAL 49917 28014


18,4320 MHZ
L1 COIL, RF UH ±10% 0511 50119 0680
0,68
L2 COIL, RF UH ±10% 0511 50119 0680
0,68
L3 COIL, RF UH ±10% 0511 50119 0680
0,68
L4 COIL, RF UH ±10% 0511 50119 0680
0,68
R1 …. RESISTOR, METAL FILM KOHM ±1% 41559 14475
R58 4,75
R59 … RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 02590 0013
R62 100
R63 RESISTOR NETWORK SIL9 02049 0011
8x4,7 KOHM
R64 RESISTOR NETWORK SIL9 02049 0011
8x4,7 KOHM

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TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V
R65 … RESISTOR, METAL FILM KOHM ±1% 41559 14475
R72 4,75
S1 DIL SWITCH 48369 21579
9-POLIG
S2 PUSHBUTTON 48331 71008
1S 20V- 0,4 VA MAX
S3 SLIDE SWITCH 48343 71006

S4 SLIDE SWITCH 48343 71006

S5 DIL SWITCH 48369 21579


9-POLIG
V1 DIODE,Sl LL4148 00009 0002
100V 75V 10MA 4 NS DO213AA
V2 … TRANSISTOR,S1,FE,N,ENH IRLRO24 02216 0001
V7 MOS 50V 9,6A 0,1 OHM TO252AA
V16 … TRANSISTOR,S1,FE,N,ENH IRLRO24 02216 0001
V37 MOS 50V 9,6A 0,1 OHM TO252AA
W1 … PIN CONNECTOR 00761 0028
W5 2 x 2,54 AU S
X1 CABLE, LF 24009 28089

X2 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0056


34 2,54 AU S
X3 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0051
10 2,54 AU S
X4 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0055
26 2,54 AU S
X5 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0055
26 2,54 AU S
X6 FLAT PLUG 01023 0004
6,3
X7 FLAT PLUG 01023 0004
6,3
X8 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0051
10 2,54 AU S
XD6 SOCKET, IC 00005 0042
28 2,54 AU S
XD11 SOCKET, IC 00005 0045
40 2,54 AU S

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5.2 CTU PANEL


TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V
C1 CAPACITOR,CERAMIC,TYPE2 PF ±20% 100 42833 56522
22000
C2 CAPACITOR, ELYT-AL UF ±20% 25 43150 15210
10
C3 CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE2 PF ±20% 100 42833 56522
22000

D1 DIODE, Sl 1N4148 61116 AAAC


100V 75V 75MA 4 NS DO35

H1 SIGNAL TRANSMITTER 97492 28002

IC1 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT245 00122 0001


8TREI TRI-DG DIL20
IC2 IC, HCTMOS 74HCT05 97527 28005
6 INVT DIL14

Q1 TRANSISTOR, S1, NPN 2N2222A 61314 AAAC


40V 75V 0,8A 300MA XT018

R1 RESISTOR, METAL FILM KOHM ±1% 05335 4475


4,75
R2 RESISTOR, METAL FILM KOHM ±1% 05335 5100
10
R3 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 05335 3150
150
R4 RESISTOR, METAL FILM KOHM ±1% 05335 4332
3,32
R5 RESISTOR, METAL FILM KOHM ±1% 05335 4221
2,21
R6 ….. RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 05335 3121
R21 121
R22…. RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 05335 3150
R29 150
R30…. RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28008
R37 33 OHM
R38…. RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28010
R45 27 OHM
R46…. RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28009
R53 68 OHM
R64 RESISTOR NETWORK SIL9 05669 4470
8x4,7 KOHM

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TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V

S1 KEY 97483 28005


S2 KEY 97483 28005
S3 KEY 97483 28005
S4 KEY 97483 28005
V1….. LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE 97444 28012
V120 QUAD GREEN
V121.... LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE 97444 28011
V240 QUAD YELLOW
V241.... LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE 97444 28010
V360 QUAD RED

X1 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0196


34 2,54 AU S
X2 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0194
20 2,54 AU S
X3 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0223
26 2,54 AU S
X4 PIN CONNECTOR DIN 41651 00062 0223
26 2,54 AU S

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5.3 RWY-SELECT
TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V
R1 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28008
33 OHM
R2 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28008
33 OHM
R3 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28008
33 OHM
R4 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28008
33 OHM
R5 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28010
27 OHM
R6 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28010
27 OHM
R7 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28010
68 OHM
R8 RESISTOR NETWORK 97529 28010
68 OHM
R9 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3121
121
R10 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3121
121
R11 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3121
121
R12 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3121
121
R13 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3121
121
R14 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3121
121
R15 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3150
150
R16 RESISTOR, METAL FILM OHM ±1% 0207 05335 3150
150

S1 SWITCH, KEY 97483 28006

V1….. LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE QUAD 97444 28012


V60 GREEN
V61.... LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE QUAD 97444 28011
V90 YELLOW
V91.... LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE 97444 28010
V120 QUAD RED
X6 PIN CONNECTOR 20 2,54 AU S DIN 41651 00062 0194

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5.4 ACC 05 – AC/DC CONVERTER MODULE

TYPE
REF. DESCRIPTION UNIT TOL. PART NUMBER
DIM/V
ACC 05 AC/DC Converter 84045 90700
230Vac +5V 50W
(Melcher series LM 1000)

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