Keyboarding “If you want to know how to type faster, you must have the will power to learn

. True, as the saying goes – if there is a will, there is a way. No amount of drill that is forced by the instructor can make you learn if you are not interested in learning it. You must see the need for many, many hours of practice that may be required to acquire the necessary typing skill. Practice makes perfect, they say, but may I add that it should be correct practice that makes it perfect.”

K E Y B OA R D I NG

Keyboard (kê¹bôrd´, -bord´) noun A set of keys, as on a computer terminal, word processor, typewriter, or piano. An input device that lets you communicate with the computer.

Keyboard Layout (kê’bord lâ`out) noun The key arrangement used for a particular keyboard, including such factors as the number of keys (101 is the current standard) and the configuration of the keys (QWERTY is the standard). Some proprietary systems use different layouts, and many allow you to map characters to the keys according to your preferences. QWERTY keyboard (kwer’tê kê`bord) noun A keyboard layout named for the six leftmost characters in the top row of alphabetic characters on most keyboards-the standard layout of most typewriters and computer keyboards.

Dvorak keyboard (de-vor’zhak kê`bord, de-vor’zhäk, dê-vor’ak) noun

A keyboard layout developed by August Dvorak and William L. Dealey in 1936 as an alternative to the overwhelmingly popular QWERTY keyboard. The Dvorak keyboard was designed to speed typing by placing the characters on the keyboard for easiest access to the most frequently typed letters. In addition, pairs of letters that often occur sequentially were separated so that the hands could alternate typing them.

Ergonomic Keyboard (er-ge-nom`ik kê’bord) noun A keyboard designed to reduce the risk of wrist and hand injuries that result from prolonged use or repetitive movement. An ergonomic keyboard can include such features as alternate key layouts and palm rests.

Enhanced Keyboard (en-hansd` kê’bord) noun

An IBM 101/102-key keyboard that replaced the PC and AT keyboards. It features 12 function keys across the top, rather than 10 on the left side; extra Control and Alt keys; and a bank of cursor and editing keys between the main keyboard and number pad. It is similar to the Apple Extended Keyboard.

K E Y B OA R D I NG

Keyboarding – the process of inputting data by means of a keyboard. Important Terms: Cursor/Insertion Point Blinking vertical bar; indicates where the pressed key would appear. Scrolling Viewing the parts of a window that is not visible for the mean time Keyboard An input device that is connected to a computer terminal and is used to enter data Word wrap Automatic moving of text to the next line when it no longer fits in the current line Common Keyboard Parts and their Uses: Special function keys Scrolling Keys Status Keys

T y p i n g

a rea Used to type in the keys (letters, symbols, & numbers) Numeric keypad Used to type numeric data rapidly Cursor navigation keys Allow you to move the text cursor up ( ) and down ( ), usually a line at a time, and left () and right ( ), usually a character at a time. Special function keys Also called soft keys; they are numbered and assigned different functions in different software packages. Scrolling keys Used to scroll through a document or window. Status Keys Indicates whether the keyboard is properly connected to the terminal or not. It also indicates if the num lock, caps lock, or scroll lock is activated.

Other Important Keys: Num Lock Toggles the number lock feature on and off.

Print Screen Prints what is currently being displayed on the screen. Scroll lock Toggles the scroll lock feature on and off. When activated, the cursor remains fixed. This feature is applicable to certain programs only. Spacebar Used to key in a space at the cursor position. Caps Lock Used to key in letters in all caps. Shift Used to key in symbols located above the numbers, or to capitalize a letter. Escape Used to cancel the current command or menu and return to the work screen. Tab Advances the cursor to the next user-defined tab stop. Its default tab stop is every half inch. Delete Erases character at the cursor position. Backspace Erases character at the left of the cursor. Home Moves the cursor at the beginning of a word/work area. End Moves the cursor at the end of a word/work area. Enter Used to o o o Designate the end of a paragraph Confirm an entry Select an option

Page Up/Page Down Vertically scrolls a page or screen at a time. Insert Toggles between Insert Mode and Overtype Mode Insert Mode Text entered is additional text Overtype Mode Text entered types over the character at the cursor position. Ctrl, Alt Used in conjunction with another key to expand the functionality of the keyboard.

Typing Fundamentals “All of us need to have a goal and we must try to reach it. We may not be able to reach our goal in one trial so we must have to try again. There is no harm in trying again and again. A lot of people have suffered setbacks in their effort to reach their goal, but a good many of them do not mind early failures. Instead, they keep on trying and trying until they succeed. The will to win is a great help to those who want to do great things. Many of us have read stories of the lives of many great men and most of them revealed that they did not achieve success in a single try. Success is usually won by people who work hard. People who exert more effort and do their best in whatever they do are the ones who reap the reward. It really pays to work hard. There are shining examples of those who succeed through hard work.”

T Y P I NG FU N D AM E NT AL S

Proper Finger Positioning Home Keys It is where your fingers should be anchored.

d s a f j

k l ;

Left Hand Place your fingertips on the A S D and F keys. Right Hand Place your fingertips on the J K L and ; (semicolon) keys. Thumb (Left or Hand) Strike the spacebar with thumb of your writing hand – the right thumb if you are right-handed, and left hand if you are left-handed.

The Shift Key Is used to type symbols located at the upper portion of the number keys. Also used to type the first letter of the word in uppercase.

1. Press the Shift key with the little finger of the opposite hand that is used to type in the character. 2. Type the symbol, or the letter that is to be in capital. 3. Release the Shift key and return all fingers to home position.

T Y P I NG FU N D AM E NT AL S

Figuring Speed If you type for more than 1 minute: To find out your 1-minute rate, you will need to divide the word total by the number of minutes you typed. Example: 37 words in 2 minutes would be 37/2 = 18 ½ . Words per minute (wpm) is 19. Count a fraction as a whole word. If you type for less than 1 minute: To find out your 1-minute rate, you will have to multiply the total number of words typed because you typed for less than a minute. Example: 9 words typed for 30 seconds, multiply by 2 (2 * 30 = 60 or 1 minute) is 18 wpm.

Counting Errors

2

1

3

2

Dr.

Saar is on call she asked Annefor five half

liters of cold m lk in a jar. Dr. Sara is on call;
4 6 7

she astde Ann for five half liters cold milk in in a jar.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Circle any word in which there is an error. Count a word as an error if the spacing after it is incorrect. Count a word as an error if the punctuation after it is incorrect. Count only one error against one word, no matter how many errors it may contain. Count each failure to follow directions in spacing, indenting, and so on, as an error. Count each word that is omitted as an error. Count each word that is repeated incorrectly as an error.

Proper Finger Positioning LEFT HAND
Little
Q A Z Tab Caps lock Left Shift Left Ctrl ! 1

RIGHT HAND
Index
R F V T G B $ 4 % 5

Ring
W S X @ 2

Middle
E D C # 3

Thumb
Space bar Left Alt

Thumb
Space bar Right Alt

Index
Y H N U J M ^ 6 7 &

Middle
I K <

Ring
O L >

Little
P : colon ; semicolon ? question
mark

, comma
* asterisk 8

. period
( 9

/ forward
slash

{} [] “ ‘ Backspace Enter Right Shift Right Ctrl ) 0 - dash = equal + plus \ backward
slash

Punctuation Spacing 1. Space once before and after an ampersand (&) used between words and numbers. 2. Do not space between the number and the # sign. 3. Do not space between the number and the $ sign. 4. Do not space between the number and the % sign. 5. Space once after a closing parenthesis, do not space before it. 6. Space once before an opening parenthesis, do not space after it. 7. Do not space before or after an apostrophe. 8. Space twice after a period or a question mark at the end of a sentence. 9. Space once after a period that follows an abbreviation. 10. Space once after a comma and a colon. 11. Do not space before or after forward/backward slash. Quotation Marks Quotation marks are used in pairs. Often the second quotation mark is used with another punctuation mark. Follow these rules when using quotation marks with other punctuation. Place commas and periods before the second quotation mark. (See A and B) Place colons and semicolons after the second quotation mark. (See C and D) Place question marks and exclamation marks before the second quotation mark only if the entire quotation is a question or exclamation. (See E) In all other cases, place the question mark or exclamation mark after the second quotation mark. (See F and G) F A

“Good morning,” said Joe. “Come
B C D

in.” I did as he offered”: I went in. He said that I seemed “excited”;
E

he listened. “What’s your news?”
E

he asked. “Tell me!” Did he already “know”? I think he
G

“guessed”!

T Y P I NG FU N D AM E NT AL S

Building Up Typing Speed Techniques

1. You must have a mastery of the keyboard. 2. Keep eyes on copy. Let the fingers search for the keys, not the eyes. It will be easier to keep your eyes on the copy if you: Understand how the line is arranged. Review the chart for key positions. Maintain an even pace. Resist looking up. 3. Check your posture Feet apart, on floor. Feet in front of the chair, with one foot slightly ahead of the other. Back must be erect, leaning forward. Hands are close together, fingers are curved low. Eyes must be focused on the copy. Palms are low but do not touch the machine. Hands are flat and level across their backs. The thumb is above the center of the space bar. Hands are so close you could lock the thumbs. All fingers are curved so that you type on the tips. 4. Practice on the hard and unfamiliar words. 5. Read beforehand the material you are going to type. 6. Do not press on the keyboard too hard. 7. Type smoothly and with ease. 8. Be guided by the principle, “If other people can type by touch, why can’t I?”

If you’re feeling down and alone, just look UP. You’ve got a friend in Him.

Arlene

To develop your typing speed, first, you have to type short and easy words that will send your fingers flying. You can make use of the fluency drills given in this manual. Repeat these words again and again until you can type these words at top speed. Start to type sentences with the same pace – slowly at first then try to push your speed faster and faster until your fingers keep on flying. Do not forget that if there are some words in the sentence that you think will disturb the flow of your typing, practice on them first, until you can type them fast and right.

T Y P I NG FU N D AM E NT AL S

Characteristics of a Good Typist

A good typist works smoothly with speed and accuracy. As she types, she keeps her eyes on the material he is copying and focuses his attention on the thought content. He assumes proper sitting position, types with less hand motions and without jerks, but keeps the keys moving smoothly. A good typist spends a little time to plan his work before he begins. He puts all things in order. He places them in a convenient way so that when he starts to work, he does so with the least delay. In this way, he saves more time. A good typist proofreads his work thoroughly. He checks his copy with care and corrects all errors. A good typist is one who can be depended upon. He makes a follow-through in his job. He not only completes his work on time, but does it right and pretty well. He has initiative and does not just wait for orders. He anticipates what needs to be done and tries to perform it to the best of his ability. A good typist can always

T Y P I NG FU N D AM E NT AL S

The Numeric Keypad When working on a computer, it is often quicker to use the numeric pad for all-figure work.

Num Lock

Caps Lock

Scroll Lock

Num Lock

/
8

*
9
PgUp

-

7
Home

+ 4

5

6

1
End

2

3
PgDn Enter

0
Ins

.
Del

The number 5 serves as your home or guide key. Place the right index finger on 4, middle finger on 5, ring finger on 6, and the thumb on 0(zero). Reach with the index finger to type 7, and drop the same finger to type 1. Reach with the middle finger to type 8, and drop the same finger to type 2. Reach with the ring finger to type 9, and drop the same finger to type 3. Press Enter, plus sign (+), and minus sign (-) with the little finger. Press the spacebar or tab with the left hand. To key in a decimal point, drop the ring finger down to the key.

Manipulating Text Basics

Entering Text into a Word 97 Document

Background

Word 97 normally functions in Insert mode which means that text is added to a document without overwriting anything else. Alternatively, Word 97 can function in Overtype mode which will overwrite existing text with any new text that you type in. The status bar at the bottom of the Word 97 window indicates that you are in Overtype mode by highlighting the OVR indicator.

To insert text in a document

In Insert mode, text is inserted into the document at the insertion point. This is the default mode. Text which already exists is moved forward to make way for the new text. • Position the insertion point where you want to insert the new text. • When you begin typing, the existing text will move to the right and wrap to the next line.

Word 97 Selection Techniques

To select a word To select a line

• Double click on the word. • Move the mouse pointer to the left of the line you wish to select, until the mouse pointer changes from an I bar to an arrow pointing upwards and to the right. You are now in the “Selection Bar”, a hidden screen element. • Click once with the mouse button. • Move the mouse pointer to the left of the paragraph you wish to select, until the mouse pointer changes from an I bar to an arrow pointing upwards and to the right. You are now in the “Selection Bar”, a hidden screen element. • Click twice with the mouse button. • Move the mouse pointer to the “Selection Bar”. • Either click three times with the mouse button OR press Ctrl+A OR select the Select All command, located under the Edit drop down menu.

To select a paragraph

To select all text

Sometimes you do not need to select first!

Normally when using a Windows based product such as Word 97 the golden rule is select first then manipulate. However because Word 97 recognizes the concepts of what a word is and what a paragraph is, in some cases you will not have to select first. Thus if you wish to apply font (i.e. word) formatting, such as making a word bold, then you only have to click anywhere within the word and then apply the font formatting, such as clicking on the Bold icon to make the word bold. In the same way if you wish to apply paragraph formatting to a whole paragraph, you need only click anywhere within the paragraph to apply the formatting. For example to indent an entire paragraph, click within it and then click on the Increase Indent icon located on the Formatting Toolbar.

Deleting Text

Background
To delete a character

Deleting characters, words, lines, sentences, paragraphs or blocks of text is simple in Word 97. • Place the insertion point to the left of the character to be deleted and press Delete OR place the insertion point to the right of the character to be deleted and press Backspace.

To delete a word

• Double-click on the word to be deleted and press the Delete key OR place the insertion point to the right of the word to be deleted and press Ctrl+Backspace.

To delete a line or lines

• Place the mouse pointer in the left-hand margin, next to the first line of text or first blank line to be deleted. The mouse pointer changes to an arrow pointing up and to the right. • Click on the left-hand mouse button to select the line of text or the blank line you wish to delete, OR drag the mouse pointer down the left-hand margin to select the lines you want to delete. • Press the Delete key.

To delete a sentence

• • • •

Depress the Ctrl key. Place the mouse pointer anywhere on the sentence to be deleted. Select the sentence by clicking the left-hand mouse button. Press the Delete key.

To delete a paragraph

• Place the mouse pointer in the left-hand margin, next to the first paragraph to be deleted. • To select the paragraph, double-click on the left-hand mouse button. • Press the Delete key. • Select the block of text you wish to delete by dragging the mouse pointer over the text with the left button depressed. Once the text is selected press the Delete key. • • • • Place the mouse pointer in the left-hand margin. Depress the Ctrl key. To select the entire document, click the left-hand mouse button. Press the Delete key.

To delete a block of text

To delete an entire document

Proofreading One of the most important skills keyboard learner’s must acquire. Includes: o Spelling and grammatical errors o Layout o Omission

A good typist gets into the habit of always checking his or her work before submitting it.

Proofreader’s Marks or Revision Symbols are used to mark changes or corrections in a standard way, so that all typists and business writers can understand them.

Characteristics of Good Proofreaders 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Are good spellers. Know punctuation and grammar rules. Are detail-oriented. Know what types of errors are frequently missed. Are error-conscious. Take ample time to proofread.

Proofread for These Frequent Errors 1. Confusion of similar words – to, too, two; quite, quiet; its, it’s; your, you’re; led, lead; hear, here; by, buy; there, their. 2. Transposition of letters within a word – makrs for marks; from for form; instruction for instruction. 3. Transposition and repetition of words – it if is for if it is; will let you know for will let you know. 4. Omission of one or more letters of a word, especially in words with double or recurring letters – address for address; excelent for excellent; Febuary for February; libary for library; determing for determining. 5. Omission of words, of phrases, of spaces between words, and of one of a pair of commas, dashes, quotation marks, or parentheses.

Proofreader’s Mark Single space

Draft It is our hope that

Final Copy It is our hope that It is our hope

Double space

It is our hope that that In the airport It is all right To aid the reader A more friendly lady One or two of them It is our hope In the clause Is pleased Is not pleased Are not given In the city Philippine Islands How to find How to find Will it be? It will be. Proofreading Important 9- by 12-inch envelope Thomas arrived at

Omit space Insert space Move as shown Transpose Spell out Paragraph Insert word Delete Delete and change Let it stand Lowercase letter Capitalize Move to right Move to left Insert punctuation mark Make it a period Underscore Boldface type Hyphenate

In the air port It is allright To the reader aid A more freindly lady 1 or 2 of them It is our hope In clause Is very pleased Is very pleased Are not given In the City philippine islands How to find How to find Will it be It will be Proofreading Important 9 by 12 inch envelope Thomas arrived at Thomas arrived at the office early to finish the report. preface

Align horizontally

Align vertically Center

Thomas arrived at the office early to finish the report. preface

Check UP Quizzes

Check-up Quiz. Set A. The Numeric Keypad Group the following keys found in the numeric keypad into four. Label the group with the name of the finger that is used to type them.

1 PgDn 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

2 7 NumLock NumLock / 9 Home Enter + PgUp

Del 4 8 End 5 * 3

Group 1 ____________

Group 2 ____________

Group 3 ____________

Group 4 ____________

Group 5 ____________

The Keyboard.
Match column A with the terms in column B. Column A 1. scrolling keys 2. Page Up 3. Esc 4. special function keys 5. cursor 6. typing area 7. Home 8. word wrap 9. scroll lock 10. Print Screen 11. Delete 12. Shift 13. Backspace 14. Keyboarding 15. Tab 16. Spacebar 17. scrolling 18. numeric keypad 19. Caps lock 20. Page Down Column B Automatic moving of text to the next line Where the letters, numbers, and symbols are located Advances the cursor to the next tab stop Soft keys Used to type a space Used to type the first letter of the word in uppercase Used to scroll through a document or window Viewing other parts of the document or window Prints whatever is displayed on the screen Toggles scroll lock on and off Vertically scrolls a page or screen at a time Erases character to the right of the cursor Used to enter numbers rapidly Process of inputting data by means of a keyboard Moves the cursor at the beginning of the word Cancels a command Erases character to the right of the letter Blinking vertical bar Used to type letters in all caps. Erases character to the left of the cursor.

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t.

Fill in the blanks. 1. The number ________ serves as the guide key. 2. Place the first ________ fingers of the right hand on ________, ________, and ________ and the thumb on ________. 3. Press the ________ with the left hand. 4. To key in a decimal point, drop the ________ down below ________. 5. To key in a decimal point, move the ________ to the right of ________. 6. To key in a decimal point, use your ________ hand of the typing area. Punctuation Spacing. Fill in the blanks. 1. Space ________ before and after an ampersand used between words. 2. Space ________ after a closing parenthesis. 3. Space ________ after a period or a question mark at the end of a sentence. 4. Space ________ after a period that follows an abbreviation. Quotation Marks 1. Quotation marks are used in ________. 2. Place commas and periods ________ the second quotation mark. 3. Place colons and semicolons ________ the second quotation mark. 4. Place question marks and exclamation marks ________ the second quotation marks if the entire quotation is a question. Proper Posture. Write A if the statement is True; write Z if it is otherwise. 1. Feet should be behind the chair. 2. Palms are low but do not touch the machine. 3. Hands are flat and level across their backs. 4. Fingers should fly off the keys while typing. 5. Back must be erect, leaning backward. 6. Hands are so close you could lock the thumbs. 7. All fingers are curved so you could type on the tips. 8. Feet should be apart, with 6 inches between the ankles. 9. One foot should be a little ahead of the other. 10. Resist looking up when typing. 11. A good typist must have a mastery of the keyboard. 12. Let the eyes search for the keys. 13. Fingers should be anchored at the end keys. 14. Check your posture as you type. 15. Press the keys too hard. Proofreader’s Marks. Identification. Identify the following proofreader’s marks and write its name on the space provided. _____________________ 1. _____________________ 2. _____________________ 3. _____________________ 4. _____________________ 5. _____________________ 6. _____________________ 7. _____________________ 8. _____________________ 9. _____________________ 10. _____________________ 11. _____________________ 12. _____________________ 13. _____________________ 14. _____________________ 15. _____________________ 16. _____________________ 17. _____________________ 18. _____________________ 19. _____________________ 20.

Crossword Puzzle.

Set B. Matching Type. Match items in column A with items in column B. Column A Column B 1. blinking vertical bar a. 2. When activated, the cursor remains fixed. b. 3. When activated, allows you to key in numbers. c. 4. Used to type numbers rapidly d. 5. Used to type a space e. 6. Used to scroll through a document or window f. 7. Used to key in symbols found above the number keys g. 8. Text entered is additional text h. 9. Process of inputting data by means of a keyboard i. 10. Prints/captures whatever is displayed on screen j. 11. Moves the cursor at the end of work area or document k. 12. Moves the cursor to the beginning of a document l. 13. Input device used to enter data m. 14. Erases character at the cursor position n. 15. Designates the end of a paragraph o. 16. Cancels a command and returns to the work area p. 17. Assigned different functions in diff. software packages q. 18. Allows you to move the cursor position r. 19. Activates the caps lock feature s. 20. Automatic moving of text to the next line when it no t. longer fits in the current line

Shift Enter Home Cursor navigation keys Typing area Num lock Insert mode Keyboard Special function keys Print Screen Cursor Word wrap Esc Spacebar Keyboarding Scrolling keys Numeric keypad Scroll lock Delete Backspace

Modified True or False. Write True if the statement is true. If the statement is False, underline the word or phrase that makes it false, then write in the space provided the correct word or phrase. (Note: There should be no “False” answeres.) _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ The layout of the keyboard we have been using is QWERTY. The numeric keypad is located at the left corner of the keyboard. The cursor indicates where the characters you type will appear. Insert key toggles between Insert mode and Overwrite mode. Caps lock is used to type the first letter of the word in uppercase. When you are to reach a letter or letters, you should return all fingers to home position. To build up typing speed, keep your eyes on the keyboard. To build up typing speed, you should read beforehand the document you are going to type. 9. Press the keys with the tips of your fingers. 10. You must have a mastery of the keyboard. 11. You should check your typing posture as you type. 12. You press the spacebar with your left thumb. 13. Let the eyes search for the keys, not the fingers. 14. Your fingers should be anchored all the time at the home keys. 15. The thumb should be poised above the center of the spacebar. 16. To type a symbol, press the symbol first then the Shift key. 17. When you type, you should press the keys as hard as you could. 18. Press the Shift key with the little finger of the same hand that is used to type in the character. 19. When you type, you should resist looking up. 20. When typing, your hands must be close enough you could lock the thumbs. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Identification. Identify the following parts of the keyboard. Write also the function of each.

Instructions: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create all exercises in Notepad unless indicated. Click Edit menu, then click Wordwrap. Perform the exercise. Save the file with the exercise number as the filename in your own folder.

Exercise #1. The Home Keys

Type each line once.

1 2

fff jjj fff jjj fff jjj ff jj ff jj f j fff jjj fff jjj fff jjj ff jj ff jj f j

Press Enter. Press Enter twice.

Type each line once.

3 4

ddd kkk ddd kkk ddd kkk dd kk dd kk d k ddd kkk ddd kkk ddd kkk dd kk dd kk d k

Type each line once.

5 6

sss lll sss lll sss lll ss ll ss ll s l sss lll sss lll sss lll ss ll ss ll s l

Type each line once.

7 8

aaa ;;; aaa ;;; aaa ;;; aa ;; aa ;; a ; aaa ;;; aaa ;;; aaa ;;; aa ;; aa ;; a ;

Type lines 9-10 once. Then repeat lines 3, 5, and 7 at a faster rate.

9 10

ff jj dd kk ss ll aa ;; f j d k s l a ; ff jj dd kk ss ll aa ;; f j d k s l a ;

Type lines 11-12 at least once keeping your eyes on the copy.

11 12

fad fad ask ask lad lad dad dad sad sad as; as; fall fall alas alas flask flask

Type lines 13-14 once.

13 14

fff aaa ddd fad fad aaa sss kkk ask ask fff aaa ddd fad fad aaa sss kkk ask ask

15 16 17 18

aaa lll lll all all sss aaa ddd sad sad aaa lll lll all all sss aaa ddd sad sad lll aaa ddd lad lad aaa ddd ddd add add lll aaa ddd lad lad aaa ddd ddd add add

19 20

ddd aaa ddd dad dad aaa sss ;;; as; as; ddd aaa ddd dad dad aaa sss ;;; as; as;

21 22

a al ala alas alas; f fa fal fall falls a al ala alas alas; f fa fal fall falls

23 24

l la las lass lass; f fl fla flas flask l la las lass lass; f fl fla flas flask

Type lines 25-26 at least once keeping your eyes on the copy.

25 26

fad fad ask ask lad lad dad dad sad sad as; as; fall fall alas alas flask flask

Exercise 2. Alphabetic Sentences. Type each of the following sentences in one minute.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

A man can say many a good thing about the days in May. Bob and Bambi brought the baby boy a box of bobby pins. Can you come over and cash the check for Cora and Chit? Delia and Danilo did the wonderful dance of the daisies. Elena and Emilio were never enemies but ever sweethearts. Forgive and forget are the sweet words of friends forever. Gone were the good old days when the hens lay golden eggs.

Type each of the following set of sentences in one minute.

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

How can a house be a home if love is nowhere to be found? Iligan is the city I wish to find when I tour the Island. Just call Jimmy Jo when your joints jolt you, don’t jump. Karen keeps the kitten in the knitted bag in the kitchen. Love is life, so do love and let live, die and stay dead. Many a wise people make much money in many a million ways. Nonilon annoys Nenita and Nena by his pure-nonsense jokes. Offie Go opened the door and out came Olivia and Fundador. Purposeful practice at proper speed produces positive gain.

Exercise 3. Goal: To control H, E, and O keys by touch.

Type each line twice.

1 2

ff jj dd kk ss ll aa ;; f j d k s l a ; asks asks fall fall lads lads lass lass

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

jjj jhj hhh jjj jhj hhh jjj jhj hhh jhj jhj ash ash jhj had had jhj has has jhj jhj; a lad has; a lass has; add a half;

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

ddd ded eee ddd ded eee ddd ded eee ded ded she she ded led led ded he; he; ded ded; he led; she led; he sees; she sees

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

lll lol ooo lll lol ooo lll lol ooo lol lol hoe hoe lol ode ode lol foe foe lol lol old ode; oak hoe; sod fed; old foe;

Type lines 12-13 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9 at a faster rate.

12 13

She sells jade flakes; he sells old oak She sells jade flakes; he sells old oak

Type lines 14-15 at least once keeping your eyes on the copy.

14 15

half dead hold sash jell look lake seed half dead hold sash jell look lake seed

Type each line twice.

16 17 18

half half hall hall hale hale hole hole dead dead deal deal heal heal head head hold hold sold sold fold fold folk folk

19 20 21 22 23

sash sash dash dash lash lash hash hash jell jell sell sell self self elf; elf; look look hook hook hood hood hoof hoof lake lake fake fake fade fade jade jade seed seed deed deed feed feed heed heed

Exercises 3. Goal: To control M, R, and I keys by touch. Type each line twice.

1 2

asdf jkl; heo; asdf jkl; heo; asdf jkl; fake fake lose lose jade jade held held

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

jjj jmj mmm jjj jmj mmm jjj jmj mmm jmj jmj me; me; jmj mom mom jmj ham ham jmj jmj; fold a hem; make a jam; less fame;

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

fff frf rrr fff frf rrr fff frf rrr frf frf for for frf far far frf err err frf frf; from me; for her marks; more jars;

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

kkk kik iii kkk kik iii kkk kik iii kik kik lid lid kik dim dim kik rim rim kik kik; dear sir; for his risk; if she is;

Type lines 12-13 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9 at a faster rate.

12 13

Her dark oak desk lid is a joke; he has Added a rare look from some old red oak

Type lines 14-15 at least once keeping your eyes on the copy.

14 15

Mare hire elms foal lame dark aide jars Mare hire elms foal lame dark aide jars

Type each line twice.

16 17 18 19

Mare mare mere mere mire mire more more Hire hire fire fire dire dire sire sire Elms elms alms alms arms arms aims aims Foal foal loam loam foam foam roam roam

20 21 22

Lame lame dame dame fame fame same same Dark dark dare dare dale dale sale sale Jars jars jams jams jade jade joke joke

Exercise 3. Goal: To control T, N, and C keys by touch. Type each line twice.

1 2 3

asdf jkl; heo; mri; asdf jkl; heo; mri; safe safe herd herd joke joke mild mild

Type each line twice.

4 5 6

fff ftf ttt fff ftf ttt fff ftf ttt ftf ftf kit kit ftf ate ate ftf toe toe ftf ftf; it is the; to the; for the; at it;

Type each line twice.

7 8 9

jjj jnj nnn nnn jnj nnn nnn jnj nnn jnj jnj ten ten jnj and and jnj net net jnj jnj; for the; in an effort; of an honor

Type each line twice.

10 11 12

ddd dcd ccc ddd dcd ccc ddd dcd ccc dcd dcd can can dcd ace ace dcd arc arc dcd dcd; on a deck; in each car; cannot act

Type lines 12-13 once.

13 14

There is a carton of jade in this dock; Mail a file card to the nearest stores;

Type lines 14-15 at least once keeping your eyes on the copy.

15 16

Sink cane tone then tick jots etch rain Sink cane tone then tick jots etch rain

Type each line twice.

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Sink sink rink rink link link kink kink Cane cane came came cake cake care care Tone tone done done lone lone none none Then then than than thin thin this this Tick tick lick lick sick sick kick kick jots jots lots lots lets lets jets jets held held herd herd hard hard hand hand rain rain raid raid said said sail sail

Exercise 4. Goal: To control the right shift key, V, and the period keys by touch. Type each line twice.

1 2

Asdf jkl; jh de lo jm fr ki ft jn dc ;; Cash free dine jolt milk iron trim star

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

;;; C;; C;; ;;; S;; S;; ;;; T;; T;; ;;; ;;; Cal Cal ;;; Sam Sam ;;; Ted Ted ;;; ;;; Ada Ada ;;; Rae Rae ;;; Dee Dee ;;;

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

Fff fvf vvv fff fvf vvv fff fvf vvv fvf Fvf vie vie fvf via via fvf eve eve fvf Fvf; via a van; move over; vie for love

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

Lll l.l ... lll l.l ... lll l.l ... lll L.l Sr. Sr. l.l Fr. Fr. L.l Dr. Dr. l.l Vs. ea. Co. Ms. Mr. Mrs. Inc. ctn. Std.

Type each line twice.

12 13

Roll the dimes. There are five stacks. See Ann at the door. She has the food.

Type each line twice.

14 15

Dr. S. Romer called; he read the lines. Elm St. is ahead; East Ave. veers left.

Type lines 16-17 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9.

16 17

Dr. Sara is on call; she asked Anne for five half liters of cold milk in a jar.

Exercise 5 Goal: To analyze key control and complete special drills to strengthen control. Take two 1-minute timings on lines 1-3 to determine your typing rate. Figure your speed and count your errors.

1 2 3

keel dose fell seat fool sale veer tone fall dear mail reed coil jest dead race tee; heal amt. Todd keel dose fell seat

Type lines 4-15 four times. Then proofread and circle errors. Repeat words or lines in which you made errors.

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

keel keel feel feel heel heel reel reel dose dose nose nose rose rose lose lose fell fell tell tell sell sell jell jell seat seat feat feat heat heat meat meat fool fool food food mood mood hood hood sale sale male male tale tale dale dale veer veer jeer jeer seer seer deer deer tone tone done done lone lone cone cone fall fall mall mall tall tall hall hall dear dear hear hear fear fear near near mail mail sail sail jail jail rail rail reed reed need need deed deed heed heed

Type lines 16-23 four times. Then proofread and circle errors. Repeat words or lines in which you made errors.

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

coil coil soil soil toil toil foil foil jest jest vest vest nest nest rest rest dead dead head head lead lead read read race race lace lace face face mace mace tee; tee; teen teen seen seen see; see; heal heal veal veal meal meal real real amt. Amt. Dis. Dis. Std. Std. Ins. Ins. Todd Todd Sara Sara Vera Vera Cass Cass

Take two 1-minute timings on lines 1-3. Figure your speed and count your errors. Note your improvement.

Exercise 5 Goal: To control W, comma, and G keys by touch.

1 2

Jest fail sake not; mist card Rev. chin Rick loves that fame; Val did not join.

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

sss sws www sss sws www sss sws www sws sws hew hew sws own own sws war war sws sws; white swans swim; sow winter wheat

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

Kkk k,k ,,, kkk k,k ,,, kkk k,k ,,, k,k K,k it, it, k,k an, an, k,k or, or, k,k K,k; if it is, as soon as, two or three

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

Fff fgf ggg fff fgf ggg fff fgf ggg fgf Fgf egg egg fgf leg leg fgf get get fgf Fgf; give a dog, saw a log, sing a song

Type lines 12-14 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9.

12 13 14

While we watched, the first team jogged To the front of the field. The win was Two in a row; the team likes victories.

Take two 1-minute timings on line 15, and determine your speed using the faster rate.

15

King scow well gown elk, crew mow, sag,

Type each line twice.

16 17 18 19 20

King king sing sing wing wing ring ring Scow scow stow stow show show snow snow Well well welt welt went went west west Gown gown town town tows tows toes toes Elk, elk, ilk, ilk, irk, irk, ink, ink,

21 22 23

Crew crew grew grew grow grow glow glow Mow, mow, how, how, hot, hot, not, not, Sag, sag, wag, wag, rag, rag, gag, gag,

Exercise 6 Goal: To control B, U, and left shift keys by touch. Type each line twice.

1 2

Wick foal corn them jive logo dim, wags Coco gave me jewels; Frank mailed them.

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

Fff fbf bbb fff fbf bbb fff fbf bbb fbf Fbf bag bag fbf rob rob fbf ebb ebb fbf Fbf, a bent bin, a big bag, a back bend

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

Jjj juj uuu jjj juj uuu jjj juj uuu juj Juj jug jug juj flu flu juj urn urn juj Juj; jumbo jet, jungle bugs, just a job

Type each line twice.

9

Aaa Jaa Jaa aaa Kaa Kaa aaa Laa Laa aaa

10 Aaa Joe Joe aaa Kim Kim aaa Lee Lee aaa 11 Otis Iris Nita Mark Uris Hans Jose Kebo
Type lines 12-14 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9.

12 Sharing a new car with friends is great 13 Fun. Just look at that engine; hear it 14 Hum. Drive with a flair, but use care.
Take two 1-minute timings on line 15, and determine your speed by using the faster rate.

15 Beef junk bout sun, blot vast gist bran
Type each line twice.

16 Beef been bean bead beak beam beat bear 17 Junk dunk bunk bulk hulk hunk sunk sulk 18 Bout boat boot bolt bold boll doll dole 19 Sun, nun, run, bun, gun, gum, hum, sum,

20 Blot blob blow blew bled bred brad bran 21 Vast vest jest lest best west nest rest 22 Gist list mist must gust dust rust just 23 Bran brad bred brew brow crow crew craw

Exercise 8 Goal: To control P, Q, and colon keys by touch. Type each line twice.

1 2

Blue jave brag mold silk when face club Cora waved flags, but Jama went hiking.

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

;;; ;p; ppp ;;; ;p; ppp ;;; ;p; ppp ;p; ;p; pen pen ;p; nap nap ;p; ape ape ;p; ;p; a pen pal, a pale page, a proud pup

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

Aaa aqa qqq aaa aqa qqq aaa aqa qqq aqa Aqa quo quo aqa que que aqa qui qui aqa Aqa quiet quip, quick quote, aqua quilt

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

;;; ;:; ::: ;;; ;:; ::: ;;; ;:; ::: ;:; Ms. Lia: Mr. Kwi: Dr. Que: Mrs. Boe: Dear Ms. Jo: Dear Mr. Mai: Dear Jeri:

Type lines 12-14 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9.

12 13 14

TV lets us view the top news as it pops Up around the globe; an item takes life With the clever quip of the journalist.

Take two 1-minute timings on line 15, and determine your speed by using the faster rate.

15

Pace quit prep quad ping shop quey quod

Type each line twice.

16 17 18 19

Pace pack park part pare page pane pale Quit quip quiet quill quick quirk quire Prep peep jeep weep beep seep step stop Quad aqua quack quail quake quart qualm

20 21 22 23

Ping pint pins pink pine pike pile pipe Shop chop crop prop plop flop slop slow Quey ques quest queen quell queue queer Quod quot quota quoth quoit quote quori

Exercises. Goals: To control hyphen, Z, and diagonal keys by touch. To use correct spacing with semi-colon (;), colon (:), period (.), comma (,), hyphen (-), and slash (/). Exercise Starts Here. Type each line twice.

1 2

left best dome quip wave jogs chin bake Meg saved her worn black quilt for Pam.

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

;;; ;p- ;p; --- ;;; ;p- ;=; --- ;p- ;-; ;p- ;-; self-made ;p- ;-; one-third ;-; ;p- ;-; part-time ;p- ;-; one-fifth ;-;

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

Aaa aza zzz aaa aza zzz aaa aza zzz aza Aza zip zip aza zap zap aza zed zed aza Aza, to zig, to zag, to zing, to seize,

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

;;; ;/; /// ;;; ;/; /// ;;; /;/ /// ;/; ;/; his/her ;/; her/him ;/; us them ;/; to/from slow/fast fall/winter Mar./Apr.

Type lines 12-14 twice. Then repeat lines 3 and 6 and 9.

12 13

Our teams would not quit because of the Size and voice of their pep club crowd.

Their jumps and tricks brought the win.
Type lines 15-24 once. Note the spacing before and after each punctuation mark.

14 15 16

The dance looks nice; it shows balance. The skit was tops; it was so organized. Two courses are open: science and art.

17

Three members went: Ann, Lee, and Joe.

18 19 20 21 22 23

Send it to me. I can print it so fast. The skirt is plaid. It matches a suit. Ms. Kebo asked Dr. T.S. Laos to speak. Mr. And Mrs. Lark were honored at noon. She earned her Ph.D. froom Oregon State. The U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. were there.

Type lines 25-32 once. Again, note the spacing before and after each punctuation mark.

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

When Jean called me, I was not at home. Send them red, white, and green copies. The up-to-date calendar was so helpful. His mother-in-law is the new president. That machine – the black one – is broken. The office gives good service – on time. The fall/winter catalog has new colors. The on/off button is on the right side.

Exercise Goal: To control Y, X, and question mark keys by touch. Type each line twice.

1 2

Deft lack vase moe haze wing quip jibe Zipp made quick jet flights over Nawbi.

Type each line twice.

3 4 5

Jjj jyj yyy jjj jyj yyy jjj jyj yyy jyj Jyj yip yip jyj aye aye jyj joy joy jyj Jyj; yard of yarn, yield a yawn, a Yule

Type each line twice.

6 7 8

Sss sxs xxx sss sxs xxx sss sxs xxx sxs Sxs vex vex sxs mix mix sxs wax wax sxs Sxs; next taxi, sixty Texans, lax taxes

Type each line twice.

9 10 11

;;; ;/; ;/? ;?; ;;; ;/; ;/? ;?; ;/; ;?; ;/; ;?; now? now? ;?; how? how? ;?; who? When? Where? What? Why? Next?

Type lines 12-14 once. Then repeat lines 3, 6, and 9 or take two 2-minute timings on the Checkpoint.

12 13 14

Grab your camera; fix the lens. Take a Quick shot. Go to the zoo. Wait for a Move or a jump. Ready? Get that shot.

Take two 1-minute timings on line 15, and determine your speed by using the faster rate.

15

Play zany yoke pays zest yews jazz tax?

Type each line twice.

16 17 18

Play flay clay slay shay stay sway away Zany maze daze doze hazy lazy hazy haze Yoke yolk your you, year yea, yet, yes?

19 20 21 22 23

Pays nays mays jays hays days cays bays Zest sizes oversize full-size half-size Yews yaws yams yaps yaks yard yarn yawn Jazz nuzzle muzzle puzzle dazzle razzle Tax? Taxi? Text? Next? Flex? Flax?

Exercise Goal: To strengthen reaches on third, home, and bottom rows. Take a 1-minute timing on each line.

1 2 3

They will type quiet quips from a page. Jed asked for the glass in a flash. Zach, move that ax back into that cave.

Type lines 4-8 twice. Then proofread and circle errors.

4 5 6 7 8

Rook work lurk dirk kirk keep kelp kilt Full foul fowl file fire four fort fore Jolt jets joke just jerk jugs jowl jaws Tort were quit quip tour prep pour were Your type true pert pipe wipe ripe prop

Type lines 9-13 twice. Then proofread and circle errors.

9 10 11 12 13

Wade jade fade fads gads dads lads lass Hash mash cash wash rash gash lash dash Gall fall hall hale kale sale dale gale Skid slid sled fled flag slag shag shad Drag lark lake khan fast load glad clad

Type lines 14-18 twice. Then proofread and circle errors.

14 15 16 17 18

Pan, tan, man, fan, ran, van, ban, can, Bend bind mine mice mace calm acme came Move cove cave nave vain vein vine vane Nabs cabs cubs cobs cons conk cone cane Mix, fix, nix, ace, size daze maxe viz.

Repeat the group of lines that was the most difficult. Take a 1-minute timing on each lines 1-3. Note your improvement.

Take two 2-minute timings on lines 19-23.

19 20 21 22 23

By the time you have typed the lines in These first twelve lessons, you will be Able to type faster than you can write. Relax. You can adjust the machine, and You can zoom through your work quickly.

Exercise Fill in the missing vowels as you type each line for 2 minutes.

Wh-n y-- try t- f-ll –n th- bl-nks –s y-- typ- -n th- l-n-s, y-- w-ll n--d t- st-dy th- p-tt-rns –f --ch –f th- w-rds. D-d y-- s—- th-t –ll –f th-—r v-w-ls –r- m-ss-ng? Y-- c-n f-g-r- --t -–ch –ne. J-st k-—p y—-r –y-s –n th- c-py –s y-- typ- th-m.

Exercise # Goal: To control open and close parenthesis, single quote, and double quote keys. Exercise Starts Here. Type each line twice. 1 2 3 4 If Helen owns this land, she may wish to sell it. Zeke was quite vexed about the joke made by Carl. Write dates as April 5, 1983 or 4/5/83 or 4-5-83. When J&R orders it at a 3.6% discount, #1 is $29.

Type each line twice. 5 6 7 ;p; ;p) ;); ;); 10) 29) 38) 47) 56) ;p; ;); ;); We included 1) skis, 2) coats, 3) hats, 4) boots. My rates are 1) 5%, 2) 7%, 3) 9% 4) 16%, 5) 18%.

Type each line twice. 8 9 10 101 10( 1(1 1(1 (10) (29) (38) (47) (56) (1/2) (1/2) My speech (it is not too long) will cover skiing. Your car (the convertible) is our favorite color.

Type lines 11-14 once. 11 12 13 14 When typing a symbol, follow the steps: (1) cap, (2) strike, and (3) home. They help you feel the motions of (1) cap, (2) strike, and (3) home in a smooth rhythm – (1) cap, (2) strike, and (3) home.

Type each line twice. 15 16 kik ki’ ki’ It’s Mia’s job to get Lynn’s lessons. ;’; ;’; ‘’’ It’s Mia’s job to get Lynn’s lessons.

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Wasn’t Paul going? Isn’t Jim here? Help us now. We’re so happy. Aren’t you pleased? It’s not I. That song must have taken many months to compose! My, how well she plays! She’s a superb musician! His accompaniment is superb! He’s a new pianist! sws sw” sw” “Here,” she cried. “I am over here.” ;”; ;”; “””“Here,” she cried. “I am over here.” The signal is “blue” for up and “green” for down.

Exercise Speed Drive Type the following passages for 5 minutes. Calculate your speed Exercise Starts Here.

Now is the time to build your typing speed. In this course, much time will be devoted to speed building and control. Here are some tips to increase your speed rate. Suppose you wish to push your speed above the level on which you are now typing. You should try to shorten the length of your timed practice. Obviously, your rate of speed for five-minute practice set cannot be any faster than your rate for a one-minute time. Therefore, you should build speed on practice sets for one minute to three before trying to build speed on the longer ones. Another method that helps build speed without inviting errors is to shorten the length of the copy. You know that you can type faster if you write just one sentence over and over, or one paragraph over and over. So before trying to reach a new goal on a long and new copy, be sure you can make it on a shorter, selected one that is familiar. A third way to build speed is to practice on materials that are very easy to type. When you have trouble pushing that are very easy to type. When you have trouble pushing your rate, turn to materials that is full of short and familiar words. Such copy sends the fingers flying. Copy that goes on and on, using almost the same words over and over is easy to type, for you will not hesitate on any new words. A fourth aid that will help you push your speed is to read beforehand the material you are going to type. Practice also on the hard and unfamiliar words. The more practice you do on difficult words and phrases before you start the timed typing, the faster you will be able to type and the better will your control be.

Exercise Goal: To control underscore (_), asterisk (*), and at (@) symbols. Exercise Starts Here. Type each line twice. It is the duty of six girls to cut down that oak. Joel quickly fixed five zippers while she waited. Now read this new order: 10, 29, 38, 47, and 56. It’s not “up” but “down”. She saw him (Joel) go. Type each line twice. ju6 ju_ j_j j_j Mary did say she would not drive. ;p_ ;p_ ;_; ;_; Mary did say she would not drive. It is not, Linda claims, very, very well written. Sara read her class the book Alice in Wonderland. ;p_ ;p* ;*; ;*; A style manual* is of great help. ki8 ki* k*k k_k A style manual” is of great help. Rules in the reference book* help solve problems. He recommends this manual* is valuable for all of us who write letters, memos, and reports. A manual will help to solve problems in using who and whom, for example, and in using punctuation marks properly. Type each line twice. ;;; ;$; ;$@ ;@; ;@; Is it 10$, 29$, 38$, 47$, or 56$? jy6 jy$ j$j j$j j$j Is it 10$, 29$, 38$, 47$, or 56$? Lisa has too many for 67$ and not enough for 20$. The sales taxes total 56$, 47$, 38$, 29$, and 1$.

Type each line twice. The following increases were noted: cereal, 10$; milk, 29$; bread, 38$; sugar, 47$; and beef, 56%. A dozen apples @ 15$ each is also a big increase, but buying oranges @ 20$ is an even larger total.