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Accessibility Covers:Accessibility Cover 30/5/07 12:24

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Accessibility

By Design

(Now includes Means of Escape)

NORTH & EAST YORKSHIRE
BUILDING CONTROL
MANAGEMENT GROUP

A Standard Guide

A LABC Publishing Publication

Accessibility Covers:Accessibility Cover 30/5/07 12:24
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5 Batley Road.co.uk . We offer the following services: • New Build projects • Full House Designs • Extensions and Alterations • Loft Conversions • Barn Conversions • Land Surveys • Sap Calculations • Domestic Energy Assessments • Approved Home Inspectors Reports For further details ­ email Des@djruttledge.uk or visit our website at djruttledge.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 2 2 D & JA RUTTLEDGE Building Surveyors and Design Consultants Donena. West Ardsley. We are able to offer a range of architectural services tailored to suit your individual requirements in both the residential and commercial sectors. Wakefield WF3 1HE Tel: 0113 2525781 Mob: 07956 460858 D & JA Ruttledge is a Yorkshire based company with over 20 years experience.co.

cannot provide answers City of York Council to the wide range of design considerations in Craven District Council relation to providing accessible buildings. accessibilitybydesign.com Tel: 01625 613000 We very gratefully acknowledge the support of the firms whose advertisements appear throughout this publication. like any other. Kingston upon Hull City Council The information within is based upon the Building North Yorkshire Building Control Partnership Regulations and Approved Document M and every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the Richmondshire District Council information in the guide. and the promotors cannot accept any responsibility The Councils gratefully acknowledge LABC. However. whilst every care has been taken in compiling this publication and the This publication is also available as statements it contains.uk/nyorkshire Ref: BOX (MAY 2007) . the publishers Scarborough Borough Council. neither the promoter an E-book. contact your Local Building Control office to check the information. you should permission to reproduce their material in this document. if in doubt. LABC for incorrect information.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 3 3 Foreword This guide. or for the products or services advertised.It is necessary however for it PLEASE NOTE: to be made clear that. Designed and published by McMillan-Scott Ltd part of Ten Alps Publishing Ltd Trelawney House. © Crown Copyright 1991 The document has been endorsed by the Building Reproduced with the permission of the controller Control Managers of the following Councils: of TSO. Cheshire SK11 6DW tenalpspublishing. East Riding of Yorkshire Council We hope it will point the reader in the right Hambleton District Council direction and provide a basic understanding of Harrogate Borough Council accessible design. As a reciprocal gesture we have pleasure in drawing the attention of our readers to their announcements. Chestergate Macclesfield. The Building Regulations Buckinghamshire and RIBA Publications for are subject to change and. involved nor the Publisher can accept responsibility for any inaccuracies.co.

FOR ALL YOUR STEEL REQUIREMENTS Daily Deliveries Throughout Your Area michael@mbsteel.uk English Street .Hull East Yorkshire .co.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 4 4 Michael Barugh Steel Stockholding Ltd.HU3 2BS Tel: 01482 381890 Fax: 01482 381898 .

............ 15 Car Parking Spaces ............................................................................................................... 55 Anthropometric Data .............. 37 Audience and Spectator Facilities ........................................... 67 ...................... 56 Ergonomic Data ..... 60 LEGISLATION AND BIBLIOGRAPHY .......................................................................................... 31 MEANS OF ESCAPE ............................................................................................ 11 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS ............................................................................................................ 42 Sanitary Conveniences ................................................................................................................. 18 Stepped Access ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 21 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS .................................................................................................................................. 37 Refreshment Facilities .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 40 Switches........................................................................................................................... 65 USEFUL CONTACTS ....................... 25 Internal Doors ....... 28 Vertical Circulation within the Building ...................................... 51 Accessibility ......................................................... 41 Aids to Communication ................... 39 Sleeping Accommodation ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Entrance Lobbies .......................... 55 Signs and Symbols ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 ACCESS STATEMENTS ....................................................... 46 Wheelchair Accessible Bathrooms ................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Internal Stairs ....................... 43 Wheelchair Accessible Changing and Shower Facilities ........Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 5 5 Contents Accessibility by Design … A Standard Guide PAGE BUILDING CONTROL IN NORTH & EAST YORKSHIRE ................................................................................................................ 48 DWELLINGS .................................................................................. 7 BUILDING CONTROL CONTACTS ............................. 51 Circulation ................................................................................................. 63 THE DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT (DDA) 1995 ............................................................................................................................................... 29 Guide to the Provision of Lifts ...................................................................................................................................................... Outlets and Controls ......................................... 33 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS ............................................................................................................................................................. 52 WCs within Dwellings .......................................................................................................... 26 Corridors and Passageways ........................................................................................................................... 15 External Travel ......................................................... 17 Approach to the Building .............................................. 16 External Hazards ............... 19 Accessible Entrances ...... 53 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS ............................................................................................................................................ 24 Entrance Hall and Reception Area ...............................

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other related information These include general basic advice through to ● Help and advice is available “on call” technical solutions and design guides for the more technically minded customers. we produce a number of ● Advice on the changes to Regulations publications that are free of charge that explain ● Technical guidance sheets. however it stifled the design of buildings. sustainable ● Working towards e-enabled services and accessible buildings.prescriptive ● One stop shop for access to other Council and allow for more innovative design. were very prescriptive. and projects ● Continuing professional development for staff We look forward to working to ensure they keep up to date with changes with you. This made enforcement of ● Early involvement in the project reduces the the Regulations easier for Building Control potential for design problems arising during construction professionals. Although services and the Fire Authority methods of complying with the requirements are detailed in the Approved Documents. We are no longer solely enforcers of the Regulations but contributors to the Customer Focus overall design of buildings. . ● Inspection regimes to suit customers with same To help us work more effectively with designers day inspections available in most cases and developers. architects etc to provide a consistent approach in plan This style of Regulations has increased the role of checking across the country Building Control. design guides and what the Regulations require. when first introduced. please contact us below. Staff development If you wish to find out more about Building control ● Qualified staff to deal with all types of buildings in your area. safe. ● Not forgetting that traditional ways are still favoured by many How do we achieve this? Value for Money ● Free advice One Voice ● Not for profit charging for Building Control ● Working in partnership within the County and applications at National level ● A National service with local delivery The Building Regulations Part of the Development Team The Building Regulations.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 7 7 BUILDING CONTROL IN NORTH & EAST YORKSHIRE The Vision Building Control in the 21st century To ensure that Local Authority Building Control is ● On-line advice at the forefront of securing healthy. ● Provision of good and timely advice on technical and procedural matters Modern Building Regulations are non. they Partnerships demonstrate only one of a limited number of ways of compliance. ● Partner agreements with developers.

gov.gov.cravendc.uk City of York Council Hull Building Control BUILDING CONTROL CONTACTS Harrogate Borough Council Tel: 01904 551333 Tel: 01482 612326 Building Control Enquiries: 01423 556555 Fax: 01904 551439 Fax: 01482 612310 Building Control Fax: 01423 556550 Email: building.gov.gov.eastriding.gov.gov.uk Web: www.standards@scarborough.uk NORTH YORKSHIRE Page 8 Craven Harrogate East Riding of Yorkshire Council Building Control Enquiries: 01482 393822/393823 York Building Control Fax: East Riding of Yorkshire 01482 393779 Email: beverley.uk Web: www.control@hullcc.uk Email: building.gov.control@cravendc.uk/planning Web: www.gov.uk hull.uk Selby Kingston Web: www.gov.uk Tel: 01723 232441 Email: building.gov.hambleton.uk Craven District Council upon Hull Tel: 01756 706469 Fax: 01756 700658 Email: building.hullcc.gov.bc@eastriding. 8 Hambleton District Council Richmondshire District Council General Enquiries: 0845 121 1555 Tel: 01748 829100 Ext 351 Building Control Fax: 01609 767217 Scarborough Borough Council Fax: 01748 822535 Web: www.uk .ryedale.scarborough.gov.richmondshire.gov.york.uk Email: Web: www.uk Web: www.uk Fax: 01723 506210 Web: www.uk Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 Scarborough North Yorkshire Building Richmondshire Control Partnership (Ryedale and Selby) 30/5/07 Hambleton Tel: 01904 720281 Fax: 01904 720282 Ryedale 12:34 Web: www.gov.control@richmondshire.control@york.gov.building.harrogate.

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With every job undertaken we offer the same quality of support and offer value for your money whatever the size of the project.Lowest Prices Email: info@sound-testing.. York. North Yorkshire YO31 7TQ .sound-testing.com Sound Solution Acoustic Consultancy Ltd 106 Heworth Green. We offer a wide range of acoustical testing solutions to resolve any noise problems.com Web: www.. but large enough to fulfil all your requirements.Your home for sound testing online Sound Solution Acoustic Consultancy is a nationwide acoustic testing and acoustic consultancy company. We have constantly grown to become a major force in the sector for commercial and domestic applications. We offer acoustic testing and advice on. We are small enough to give you a personal service.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 10 10 Nationwide Coverage Tel: 01904 428 461 SOUND SOLUTION Noise Testing . For more information or for a free consultation please contact us on: Telephone: 01904 428 461 Fax: 01904 428 463 Email: info@sound-testing.com Acoustic Consultancy Ltd Sound Testing & Acoustic Consultancy Sound Solution Acoustic Consultancy . sound insulation testing noise at work architectural acoustics acoustic modelling environmental acoustics auditorium acoustics entertainment acoustics building regulations Assessments industrial noise and much more.

Access Officer or the Local Access Group The statement will allow Building Control Officers ● Description of the building to assess whether reasonable and/or suitable ● Key issues of the scheme provision has been achieved. The statement will vary in size dependent on the type and scale of the ● Current access provisions development but should generally include the ● Proposed areas for improvement following elements wherever relevant: ● Description of proposed works and the ● Areas not proposed for improvement and/or intended use of the building reasons why an alternative approach has ● Access design philosophy on the scheme been adopted.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 11 11 ACCESS STATEMENTS An Access Statement is an explanation of ‘how ● Sources of advice and guidance access and facilities for people with disabilities and ● Evidence of any consultation with the Council’s others have been addressed in a particular scheme’. .

sports equipment. houses and ● WC accommodation – size. Storage rise and going and General.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 12 12 ACCESS STATEMENTS When is an Access Statement required? ● Aids for hearing impaired people – induction Applications requiring a full Access Statement loop include new and substantially extended buildings or ● Visibility of signage – size and contrast for changes of use where the intended use is: people with impaired vision ● Shops and commercial uses. dwellings. viewing point. manoeuvrability to inform future owner/occupiers of the access ● Reception – counter height provision in the building. Churches. furniture that any new owner or occupier can be aware of ● External steps/ramps – gradient. points or garaging ● Approach routes to building – way finding Ongoing obligations for owners/occupiers signage. houses. Listed Buildings etc. Banks. Assembly and Recreation gradients facilities. An up to date Access Statement automatic. ● Lifts – size. under the DDA. width. guarding. Public ● Internal corridors – widths. . width. gradient. Restaurants. size. ● Usability of the building/facilities – to meet the Similarly. Public ● Interpretation and Braille facilities Houses and Bars. Offices. Mixed Use developments. surface finish The Access Statement should be amended to ● External hazards/features – hard landscaping. nursing or old people’s homes. height of controls ● Residential purposes such as flats. number bungalows. ● Spectator seating – number of spaces. obstructions. Schools/Colleges. Industrial. choice of student accommodation etc.e. etc. Buildings. level threshold. bungalows and flats. access and means of escape ● Special considerations need to be given to Matters for consideration Listed Buildings. width. the rationale used in making decisions which guarding and heights ● Entrances – primary and secondary impact on accessibility and their ongoing obligations ● Doors – operation. Leisure. development in Conservation These include but are not exclusively: Areas and other buildings or spaces of special ● Disabled parking provision or setting down interest. Hotels. other facilities Applications will not generally require an Access ● Access to special facilities – meeting rooms. Statement if the works are for altered or extended swimming pools. controls can form part of the “Seller’s Pack” which will help ● Entrance lobbies – sizes. i. layout. reflect any subsequent decisions reached on site so projections. ● Internal steps/ramps – height. minor alterations or extensions to other uses may not require a statement where it can DDA clearly be seen that the accessibility of the building ● Management arrangements – for assisted is not affected.

This should include the whole site from its boundaries. This section must include specific examples of individual design processes. Size of proposed works. Access / Egress Statement Site Date: Address: Contact details Applicant Agent Name: Name: Address: Address: Postcode: Postcode: Telephone: Telephone: E Mail: Fax No: E Mail: Description of Development To include description of proposed works. perceived modes of transport etc. an Access Statement Template has been prepared and incorporated purely for guidance. Key access issues of the design Include direct guidance references to key design attributes in relation to: ● Approach ● Parking ● Entrances ● Horizontal circulation . number of occupiers.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 13 13 In an attempt to offer some further direction. building use. Design standard followed: CAE Designing for Accessibility Approved Document M (2004): (2004) BS 8300 (2001): CAE Good Loo Design Guide Building Bulletin 91 (Schools) (2004) Other (Please elaborate) Sport England (Sports Facilities) Philosophy and approach Overview of the developer’s philosophy regarding access for disabled people and inclusive design.

access officers etc.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 14 14 ● Vertical circulation ● Access to services ● Emergency egress etc ● Position of WC Sources of advice and consultation Include references to British Standards Consultation with planners. Evidence of consultation with existing/planned building users (where appropriate) The extent of input from local access groups or local organisations reflecting the views of disabled people Nature and impact of environmental and/or other constraints Where environmental factors act to constrain compliance with the relevant design guidance. an explanation of the individual constraints should be included. One alternative solution that has been considered should also be described for each instance in which the design is felt to deviate from the relevant design guidance. or geographical constraints on new or existing developments The responsibility will be on the developer to explain why the relevant design guidance cannot be achieved in any particular situation and to provide material evidence to this effect. conservation officers. Proposed solutions for overcoming identified constraints Where deviation from the relevant design guidance is proposed as a solution of how the relevant barrier can be reasonably overcome should be explained What steps have been taken to ensure this information is made available to building occupiers Explain the steps taken by designers to ensure the above access philosophy and information particular to the building is fully integrated into the long term management of the building Additional material information Any additional information in support of the proposed development . These may include constraints imposed by an existing structure during an extension.

If payment is required. which can also be painted on the ground with the legend “Disabled Drivers Only. ticket parks. car access is vital. They should be Car parks associated with shopping areas. the ticket dispensing machines need to be accessible to wheelchair users and people of short stature. In car ● Guidance on designated parking.” Fig. adjacent to the designated parking and have leisure or recreational facilities controls between 750mm and 1200mm from ground level. provision should be made for disabled dispensing machines. capacity of car parks as follows: ● The surface of a designated parking bay should be firm and level. display parking. and multi-storey car parks can be found in BS Parking should be provided as near to the 8300. principal entrance as possible and under cover is desirable. slip resistant and have a Car parks associated with employment 1200mm transfer zone alongside and at the premises and provided for employees and visitors rear of the vehicle. ● 5% of the total parking capacity should be ● If people need to obtain tickets for pay and designated for disabled motorists. 1 .Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 15 15 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS Car Parking Spaces ● For disabled people. ● Car parking spaces for the disabled should be signposted using the international symbol of the disabled. provide ● The recommended numbers of reserved level and unobstructed access to pay and spaces vary in accordance with the type and display units. ● One space for each disabled employee plus 6% of the total capacity for visiting disabled motorists. vehicular control barriers drivers and cars carrying disabled passengers.

● At changes in level and to slopes steeper than 800 Fig. texture or by directional guide for partially sighted people using canes. Fig. A should be highlighted. paving. 2 Surface change Low rail Kerb ● Pedestrian crossing points require special attention. ● Covers and gratings should be flush with pavings. 4 . low rail or a surface change. 3 crossings and buff coloured tactiles at uncontrolled crossings. This can be achieved by lower rail and kerb should be provided as a contrasting colour. ● Red tactiles should be used at controlled Fig. ● Define footpath edges with either kerb. the maximum gap being 18mm.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 16 16 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS External Travel ● Routes of travel across grass or paved areas 1:15 a handrail and kerb should be provided.

i. Fig.e. 6 . It needs to be made (1) rails. especially at ground level. 7 Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 17 17 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS External Hazards LANDSCAPE FURNITURE ● Avoid overhangs. 8 Fig. DOORS ● Doors which open outwards should not cause an obstruction on a path which runs along the face of a building. ● The provision of landscape furniture requires ● Guard against building projections by the use of careful thought. i.e. etc. 5 Fig. (2) textured surfaces. by planting. (3) kerbs and distinguishable from the background. recess the doors or provide suitable guarding. colour contrast and should be detectable at low level for people with impaired vision.

whether they are The surface of the ramp should be slip resistant visitors to the building or work in it and and of a colour that contrasts visually with that whether they arrive on foot or in a wheelchair. 10 For further details refer to Approved Document M of the Building Regulations . building for disabled people. of the landings. 9 Relationship of ramp gradient to the going of a flight ● Car parking spaces should be provided adjacent to the principal entrance or the accessible entrance in common use. Fig. ● If space outside the principal entrance is restrictive. an alternative accessible entrance in common use should be provided. ● Clearly signposted steps should be provided Table 1 Limits for ramp gradients Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 18 18 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS Approach to the Building ● There should be a convenient access into the when the rise of the ramp exceeds 300mm.

2m.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 19 19 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS Stepped Access ● A corduroy hazard warning surface should be ● Going of each step should be between 280mm provided at top and bottom landings of a series and 425mm. consistent throughout the flight. ● Rise of each step should be between 150mm ● Width of the flight should not be less and 170mm. than 1. For schools the preferred dimensions are 150mm rise and 280mm going Fig. of flights to give advance warning of a change ● Rise and going of each step should be in level. 11 Stepped access – key dimensions and use of hazard warning surface .

preferably with a diameter of 50mm. 12 External steps and stairs – key dimensions ● Should be between 900mm and 1000mm above the surface of the ramp. ● Should be continuous along the flights and landings of steps and ramps. . 13 Examples of acceptable step profiles and key dimensions for ● The surface should be slip resistant and not cold to the external stairs touch. ● Should extend at least 300mm beyond the top and bottom of ramps and a flight or flights of steps whilst not projecting onto an access route. 14 Handrail design would impinge on the stair width requirement of Approved Document B (Fire Safety). ● Should protrude no more than 100mm into the surface width of ramp or stairs where this Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 20 20 ACCESS TO BUILDINGS Stepped Access HANDRAILS Fig. Fig. ● Should have a clearance of between 60mm and 75mm between the handrail and any adjacent wall surface. ● The profile should be circular with a diameter of between 40mm and 45mm or oval. ● Should contrast visually with the background without being reflective.

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ACCESS TO BUILDINGS
Accessible Entrances

ACCESSIBLE ENTRANCES Table 2 Minimum effective clear widths of doors
● Should be clearly signposted and
should include the international
symbol of access, from the edge of
the site, and the principal entrance if
this is not the accessible entrance.
(Guidance on signposting can be
found in BS 8300).

● Any structural supports at the
entrance should not be a hazard to
the visually impaired.

● Should have a level landing at least
1500mm by 1500mm clear of any
door swings immediately in front of
the entrance and be of a material that
does not impede wheelchair users.

● Door entry systems should be
accessible to deaf and hard of hearing
and people who cannot speak. (LED
display) fitted between 750mm and
1000mm from floor level.
MANUALLY OPERATED NON POWERED
● The surface of any entrance matting should be ENTRANCE DOORS
level with the floor and should not impede
wheelchair movement. Avoid coir matting, and ● A non-powered door fitted with a self-closing
changes in floor surfaces which are potential device capable of closing the door against wind
trip hazards. forces and the resistance of draught seals is
unlikely to be openable by a wheelchair user or
DOORS TO ACCESSIBLE ENTRANCES someone with limited strength. You should
therefore consider providing powered entrance
● Entrance doors can be manually operated, or doors or sheltering the entrance from the
power operated under manual or automatic weather.
control.
● The opening force at the leading edge should
● Vision panels should comply with the minimum be no greater than 30N.
zone of visibility of between 500mm and
1500mm from floor level, if necessary It should be noted that double buggies are
interrupted between 800mm and 1150mm wider than wheelchairs and this should be
from floor level to accommodate a horizontal borne in mind when designing certain types
grab-rail. of buildings.

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ACCESS TO BUILDINGS

Accessible Entrances

POWERED ENTRANCE DOORS GLASS ENTRANCE DOORS AND
GLAZED SCREENS
● Manual control for powered entrance doors
should be clearly distinguishable from the ● Should be clearly defined with manifestation on
background, and located between 750mm and the glass at two levels 850mm to 1000mm and
1000mm from the ground level (to include 1400mm to 1600mm. Manifestation is a sign
swipe cards etc). or a logo at least 150mm high.

● Where the doors swing towards people
approaching them visual and audible warnings
should be provided. They should incorporate a
safety stop if someone is passing through and
revert to manual control or stay open in a
power failure.

Fig. 15 Effective clear width and visibility requirements of doors

close fitting and firm. ● Thresholds should be flush. between doors.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 24 24 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Entrance Lobbies ● Where entrance lobbies are incorporated in ● The door opening widths should apply to the buildings. There should also be space for someone assisting the wheelchair user and for ● Lighting to reduce the contrast between the someone passing in the opposite direction. 15mm maximum. adequate space must be provided inner doors as well as the outer doors. ● The floor surface should be level. outside and the building’s interior should be considered. Fig. potential trip hazards. Avoid coir matting and ensure ● Matwells should be flush (including the any changes in floor materials do not create surrounds). 16 Key dimensions for lobbies with single leaf doors . slip resistant at both doorsets. and not impede the movement of wheelchairs or crutch users.

no higher than 760mm with a knee recess not less than 700mm from floor level. ● Should be designed to accommodate both seated and standing visitors. Guidance on aids to communication can be found in BS 8300 . ● Reception points should be provided with a hearing enhancement system. At least one section of the counter should be at least 1500mm wide.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:34 Page 25 25 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Entrance Hall and Reception Area ● Any reception point should be easily identifiable from the entrance doors or lobby and have a direct approach and be free from obstructions.

15. be held open with an electro-magnetic device. wheelchairs. ● Doors should be distinguishable from the adjacent facades. fire alarms and power failure.e. if necessary interrupted between 800mm and 1150mm from the floor. 17 self-closers see Approved document M and BS 8300 ● Doors should have a zone of visibility between 500mm and 1500mm from the floor. For guidance on fire doors and Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 26 26 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Internal Doors Design considerations similar to those for entrance doors apply to internal doors Refer to Table 2 and Fig. ■ Activated by a smoke alarm or fire alarm ■ Power supply fails ■ Activated by a hand operated switch. to accommodate an intermediate horizontal rail. ● The force needed to open the door manually ● Incorporate low-level protection from should not exceed 30N. pull handles) from the actual door itself. . as should be ironmongery ● Fire doors particularly those in corridors should (i. but self-close when: ● Lever handles are preferable to knob sets. ● Fire doors to individual rooms should be fitted with swing-free devices that close when activated by smoke detectors. Thresholds should be level with adjacent floor finishes.

● Where the unobstructed width of the corridor is less than 1800mm.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 27 27 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Corridors and Passageways ● In locations required to be accessible to ● Corridors of gradient between 1:20 and 1:60 wheelchair users. ● If the corridor is 1:20 or steeper. unequal widths is on the same side along the length of the corridor. such as a visually that when fully open it does not project into contrasting guardrail should be provided. . passing places should be ● Floor finishes should be slip resistant. corridors and passageways should have a rise no more than 500mm need to be wide enough to allow for without a level rest area at least 1500mm long. or ● Any door opening towards a corridor which is where this is unavoidable a means of directing a major access route. ● Elements such as columns. All dimensions are clear widths. should be recessed so people around them. refer to ramp details. Shaded areas show required unobstructed space requirements for Fig. ● Unobstructed width should be at least ● On a major access or escape route the wider 1200mm excluding any projections into the leaf of a series of double doors with leaves of corridor. ● A floor is classed as level if the gradient is no steeper than 1:60. radiators and fire hoses should not protrude into the corridor. 18 approaching doors. wheelchair manoeuvre and for other people to pass. at least 1800mm long and 1800mm wide at reasonable intervals to allow wheelchairs to ● Glass screens should have suitable pass at corridor junctions and similar. manifestation. the corridor.

● A flight between landings normally contains no more than 12 risers. ● It is not reasonable to require a hazard warning surface at the head of internal stairs (since there ● The going of each step should be at least is no recognised warning surface for use 250mm.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 28 28 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Internal Stairs Guidance as for stepped access except: ● The rise of each step should be between 150mm and 170mm. but in very exceptional circumstances 16 risers in small premises may be provided where the plan area is restricted. resistance characteristics) . 19 Internal stairs – key dimensions . Fig. internally. which can be guaranteed not to constitute a trip hazard when used alongside ● The provision for handrails is the same as for flooring surfaces with different frictional stepped access.

wherever possible. . ● New developments should have a full passenger lift serving all storeys. a lifting platform may be acceptable. ● For new developments where due to site ● Landing call buttons should be Fig. be provided to allow the user to see the space behind the wheelchair. ● Controls should be located between 900mm and 1200mm from the car floor and be at least 400mm from any return wall. minimum clear opening of 800mm and be fitted with timing and re-opening activators to Provision of Lifting Devices allow time for people and assistance dogs to enter or exit. designed to suit the ● Power operated sliding doors should provide a ambulant disabled and the visually impaired. ● Audible and visual indication of lift arrival and location should be provided in the lift car and lift lobby. ● Lift landing and car doors should contrast visually with adjoining walls. ● Existing buildings may in exceptional However given the space constraints in some circumstances have a wheelchair platform buildings it may not always be possible to provide a stairlift. ● Whatever lifting device is chosen. If the lift is to be used in an emergency it should conform with the relevant recommendations of BS 5588 part 8 (Code of Practice for Means of Escape for Disabled People). internal stairs should always be provided.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 29 29 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Vertical Circulation within the Building A passenger lift is the most suitable means constraints a full passenger lift cannot be of vertical access and should be provided provided. Passenger Lifts ● Signs indicating the location of a lifting device accessible by mobility-impaired people should ● Minimum dimensions of the car should be be clearly visible from the building entrance. full passenger lift. Additionally a sign indicating the floor reached should be provided on each landing that can ● For a lift that does not have room for a easily be seen from the lifting device and is wheelchair user to turn around a mirror should visually contrasting. 1100mm wide and 1400mm deep. 20 Key dimensions associated with passenger lifts located between 900mm and 1100mm from the floor and at least 500mm from any return wall.

● Doors should have clear opening of 900mm for a 1000mm x 1400mm platform and 800mm clear opening in other cases. ● Continuous pressure controls should be provided. Wheelchair Platform Lifts ● In a building with a single stairway required width for means of escape should be maintained when the platform is in the parked position (see Approved Document B). Fig. 21 wheelchair users. ● 1100mm wide and 1400mm deep where two doors are located at 90 degrees relative to each other and where the platform is enclosed. ● 900mm wide and 1400mm deep if the platform is enclosed and provision is made for unaccompanied Fig. ● Access with an effective clear width of at least 800mm should be provided. ● Continuous pressure controls should be provided. or where provision is made for unaccompanied wheelchair users. 22 The minimum dimensions are 800mm wide and 1250mm deep. ● Controls should be located between 800mm and 1100mm from the floor of the lifting platform and be at least 400mm from any return wall. . Minimum dimensions should be ● 800mm wide and 1250mm deep where the platform is not enclosed and provision is being made for an unaccompanied wheelchair user.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 30 30 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Vertical Circulation within the Building Lifting Platforms ● Vertical travel distance should be no more than 2m where there is no liftway enclosure and no floor penetration. Audio and visual announcements should be provided for platform arrival and location indication. with landing call buttons the same as for a passenger lift.

persons with disability through a reasoned Access This is why the concept of Access Statements has Statement. acceptance of reduced standards. the provision of lifts must be seen as but this is a difficult reason to substantiate the the obvious solution for vertical travel. as each situation can be demonstrated that work activity precludes will differ in some way. It is more likely that problems in making ● Floor space does not contain a unique facility a building fully accessible will be put forward for an ● Layout of the building. a lifting of the building must be taken into consideration. consideration should be authoritative in that in those situations a passenger given to special design for landings etc. whilst ascertaining historical interest what is reasonable in the circumstances of each case. the floor Inevitably there will be occasions when reduced standards that are supported by Access Statements Remember will be considered reasonable. However. As there is no floor area rule to be guided by. particularly if it is of existing building. size lift. and refuges lift is not required. Therefore. an ambulant disabled stair where there may not be adequate space for a full should be provided. this may be satisfactory. compliance is not possible in a particular case or where new technologies or alternative solutions Useful checklist of considerations are to be used. each application no public access is required on upper floors and it should be looked at individually. the use passenger lift (or in certain situations. It is an opportunity for a designer these types of decision cannot be made without to give a reasoned argument as to why full knowing the building occupier and usage. it must be remembered that it is the ● Means of escape provision may not be intention of the Building Regulations that all new achieved due to floor space/layout constraints buildings and existing non-domestic buildings that are materially altered or extended are accessible ● Members of the public are not permitted on to all. it is hoped that designers will not cost is modest try to put forward an argument for not fully complying. consideration of particular situations. the additional financial burden of providing a lift. been introduced. It merely gives guidance for if necessary. and a platform lift or some other alternative solution may be suggested.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 31 31 ACCESS WITHIN BUILDINGS Guide to the Provision of Lifts It is clearly the intention of Part M of the Building The government has inferred that it is not their Regulations to make as much of the built intention to prevent small development through environment as possible accessible to all. The above list is not conclusive. it is important to recognise that whilst the provision of a When deciding if a scheme is reasonable. If platform) is the preferred option. . The obligations of employers and service providers under the DDA should be ● Access is to one floor only and the area is pointed out to designers wishing to submit Access limited in comparison with the floor below Statements. These projects may Whatever form of access to floors above the relate to small-scale developments for example. ● The cost of a passenger lift if the overall project In new buildings. nor is it In such circumstances. ground floor is provided. This is why.

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The width of escape routes and exits should be sufficient to accommodate the evacuation of Escape flow mixed-ability occupancies Refuges Most people with disabilities should be able to by Provision where access to the wheelchair space reach the safety of a protected escape route. It was the ambulant person using ● Refuges should be provided for each stairway a walking frame who was the source of the most on each storey serious impediment to the process of the ● Two-way communication must be provided evacuation. or a is counter to the access flow within the stairway final exit independently due to the limitations of travel. are suitable for changes in level.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 33 33 MEANS OF ESCAPE Means of Escape/Egress This publication deals primarily with access into and Refuges should be provided for each protected around a building. The the building but the safe evacuation of all potential refuge need not be located within the stair users of the building is also vitally important. enclosure but should enable direct access to When considering means of escape in case of fire. for instance. so a person requiring assistance can wait in safety until assisted by a Occupied by trained colleague or fire rescue personnel. or threatened by fire to a place of safety. evacuation tests have shown that wheelchair users were able to ● A refuge should not encroach into the escape flow space evacuate premises before ambulant people with walking aids.g. thresholds or steps. Fig. Ramps that are designed as shown on page 18. It is when stairways are encountered that some people with disabilities will rely on assistance. and the use of facilities within stairway affording egress from each storey. Wheelchair space It is for this reason a waiting area should be provided in a safe area. 23 General Refuge formed in a protected stairway Routes of travel should be free from any obstacles which may impede a person with disabilities. 1400mm x 900mm bodied people. the ultimate consideration is the amount of time it A refuge should be located in either: will take for a person(s) to travel from a place ● Protected lobby. ● Protected corridor. e. the stair. The wheelchair users did not ● A refuge should have dimensions of at least generally impede or impose any delay on the able. escape flow . or It is worth noting that disability is not an absolute ● Protected stairway measure of mobility.

Consideration must be given for alerting occupants Fire Fighting Lift with hearing difficulties. hospitals and modern shopping centres. procedures for evacuation in case of emergency. These lifts should not be used as a evac chairs are integral to the management means of escape in case of fire. there should be a switch marked “Evacuation Lift” at exit level ● There should be a separate primary electrical Fire Alarms supply. and an alternative secondary supply The typical fire alarm consists of a bell or siren. Fire fighting lifts should An audible alarm is the most usual way of alerting not be used by occupants of the building in case people to an alarm.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 34 34 MEANS OF ESCAPE Means of Escape/Egress LIFTS Stairlifts There are 3 main types of lift Stair-lifts should not be used in an emergency ● Passenger Lift evacuation. For example. Evacuation lift Such lifts are often provided in buildings where there is a high proportion of less mobile occupants. and is the best way of alerting of fire. Their use in case of emergency should be strictly to well managed procedures (see page 35) Features of an evacuation lift include: ● Lift well is a fire protecting structure ● There should be a protected lobby at each storey ● There should be a protected route from exit level to a final exit ● To override car and landing controls. they should be fitted with a battery back up system. . which will take the lift to the ● Evacuation Lift ground floor if the power fails. Similar in design to an Evacuation Lift but with additional fittings which are generally to aid fire Audible alarms fighters in their operations. ● Fire-Fighting Lift Evacuation Chairs Passenger Lift Commonly known as Evac Chairs. It is essential passenger lift is required by the Building that operators are fully trained and the use of the Regulations. a used in office buildings where occupants are familiar with evacuation procedures. someone with a visual impairment. retirement homes. these are often Generally to gain access to the upper floors.

accommodation to alert a hearing impaired person Employers should ensure that staff with disabilities in the event of an alarm. so the hearing impaired person realises it is should also be consulted about what assistance not just a malfunction of the vibrating alarm. whilst following general Vibrating pillow pads are very useful for owners of guidelines. situation. According to whether you are a large Under new Fire Safety legislation. please impairments of an emergency. Vibrating pagers are useful are fully aware of the emergency evacuation for office workers. the building building such as a school. Staff with disabilities alarm. are prepared for an emergency disabilities. guest houses. for ensuring all visitors are escorted out of the bells. and now even voice fire building. Members of staff should be responsible warn us of impending danger with horns.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 35 35 MEANS OF ESCAPE Means of Escape/Egress Vibrating alarms Management procedures. . owners or occupier have a responsibility to carry having some type of fire alarm in the area is out a risk assessment of the building. alarms. for the safe evacuation of procedures is to ensure all staff. Visual alarms Visitors should also be aware of the evacuation Fire alarms come in several different types that procedure. management hotels. This must essential for saving lives in case of a fire. chimes. are specific to the building. alarm system to warn those with hearing For further information on this responsibility. including new employees and visitors including those with members of staff. size and occupancy. include evacuation procedures in case of A visual alarm is a useful addition to the usual audio emergency. contact your local Fire Service. sirens. beeping. or to a place of safety. or anywhere that provides structure. they may require to exit the building safely in an emergency. Management procedures Training It is important that the building management have a An essential part of the management procedure in place. or a private home. There should also be a visual procedures for the building.

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Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 37 37 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Audience and Spectator Facilities Audience and spectator facilities fall into 3 Table 3 Provision of wheelchair spaces categories in audience seating ■ Entertainment facilities. 24 An example of wheelchair spaces rear of a block or at the end of rows may in a lecture theatre provide extra legroom for people of large stature. . ● Greater spacing between rows of seats at the Fig. eg. Guidance on hearing enhancement systems ● Consideration should be given to providing can be found in BS 8300. wheelchair user. ● Where a podium or stage is provided wheelchair users should have access to it by ● Wheelchair users. Cinemas and theatres ■ Sports Stadiums ■ Lecture & Conference Facilities General ● People with mobility or sensory impairments may need to view from a particular side or sit in the front to lip read or see sign interpreters. people who have difficulty means of a ramp or a lifting platform. using chairs with fixed arms and those with assistance dogs should have the choice of sitting ● A hearing enhancement system should be next to a seated companion or a companion provided for the hearing impaired. ● Care needs to be taken so that poor lighting or LECTURE AND CONFERENCE FACILITIES very bright natural light does not make it difficult to see the interpreter. space by certain seats for assistance dogs to rest.

26 An example of wheelchair space provision in a cinema or theatre .Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 38 38 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Audience and Spectator Facilities Fig. 25 Possible location of wheelchair spaces in front of a rear aisle Fig.

as should self-service and payment points. ● In many restaurants changes of level are used to differentiate between different functions or to create atmosphere. Fig. ● Changes of level are only allowed if they are fully accessible by a ramp or lifting platform. for example tea making areas at work. public telephones and external terraces should be fully accessible. ● Worktops in shared refreshment facilities. ● Part of the bar should be accessible to wheelchair users and be no higher than 850mm from the floor level. All public areas including toilets. with a clear space beneath at least 700mm above the floor.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 39 39 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Refreshment Facilities All bars/restaurants should be designed so all potential customers have full and independent access. should be accessible no higher than 850mm from the floor. 27 An example of a shared refreshment facility .

● Effective clear width of the door from the access corridor should comply with table 2 ● The wheelchair accessible bedrooms should be (page 21). accommodation. signal in addition to the requirements of Approved Document B. Fig. ● Swing doors on wardrobes etc should open ● They should be of the same standard as all through 180 degrees. visitors. should be convenient ● All bedrooms should have a visual fire alarm for everyone.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 40 40 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Sleeping Accommodation Sleeping accommodation where ● Handles on hinged and sliding doors should be provided for a significant number of easy to grip and operate and contrast visually people such as hotels. other bedrooms. ● In student accommodation it is beneficial to provide a wheelchair accessible toilet for ● Room numbers should be indicated in embossed characters. 28 One example of a wheelchair-accessible hotel bedroom with en-suite sanitary facilities . WHEELCHAIR ACCESSIBLE BEDROOMS This guidance should be followed for ● At least 1 in 20 bedrooms should be all bedrooms. located to provide a choice of location and be on accessible routes to all the facilities. wheelchair accessible. motels and student from the door.

should be provided in the same height range. should be easily seen and heard and linked to a central control point. should be large push pads and align horizontally with the door handles within the range ● Switches for permanently wired appliances between 900mm to 1100mm from the floor. . ● En suite facilities should comply with the provisions for wheelchair accessible bath and ● On the outside of the room the call signal shower facilities. ● Controls that need close vision should be located between 1200mm and 1400mm from the floor. so readings can be taken from a seated or standing position. Switches. ● An emergency assistance alarm and reset button should be located in the bedroom and be activated by a pull-cord that can be operated from the bed or the floor. should be located between 400 and 1200mm Where this cannot be achieved pull cords above the floor. Outlets and Controls ● Wall mounted socket outlets. telephone points ● Sockets should be at least 350mm from any and television sockets should be located room corners. between 400mm and 1000mm above the floor with a preference for the lower end of ● Light switches for use by the general public the range. operate without the need to use both hands simultaneously. ● All switches and controls that require precise ● The front plates of sockets should contrast hand movements should be located between visually from the background and have a clear 750mm and 1200mm above the floor. indication that they are ON. ● The size of the room should allow a wheelchair user to manoeuvre at the side of the bed and transfer independently.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 41 41 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Sleeping Accommodation ● The entrance door to the bedroom and to the ● Openable windows and window controls en suite facility should comply with Table 2 should be located between 800mm and (page 21) and have a maximum opening 1000mm above the floor and be easy to pressure of 20N.

particularly in noisy areas or where they are behind glass screens. visual. classes. spectator sport or films and at service or reception counters. ● Provision for a hearing enhancement system should be installed in rooms and spaces designed for meetings.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 42 42 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Aids to Communication Detailed guidance on surface finishes. 29 Fig. audible and tactile signs as well as the characteristics and appropriate choice of hearing enhancement systems is given in BS 8300. lectures. Fig. ● All facilities should be indicated with the appropriate symbol and signage. 30 .

. and there should be contrast between the walls and floor. where toilets are provided for customers. 31 Unisex wheelchair-accessible toilet with corner WC outward opening with a horizontal closing bar on the inside face. ● A wheelchair user should not have to travel more than 40m on the same floor or more than 40m combined horizontal travel if the toilet is on another floor of the building and is accessible by passenger lift. At least one unisex wheelchair accessible WC should be located ● If two unisex facilities are provided side by side. left and right hand transfer should be visitors or staff. ● Doors should be Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 43 43 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Sanitary Conveniences UNISEX WHEELCHAIR ● One should be located as close as possible to ACCESSIBLE TOILETS the entrance or waiting area of a building and be located in a similar position on each floor ● Where there is space for only one toilet in a of a multi storey building. it must be a unisex wheelchair accessible toilet but of greater width to right and left handed transfer on alternate accommodate an additional wash basin at floors. ● All fittings and grab-rails should contrast visually with the background wall and floor finish. In buildings with a lifting platform vertical travel to the toilet should be limited to one storey. accommodated. ● Heat emitters should be screened or their surface temperature kept below 43 degrees centigrade. standing height. There should be building.

33 Heights of various fittings in toilet accommodation . 31) Fig. 32 Heights and arrangement of fittings in a unisex wheelchair-accessible toilet (looking towards wall A in Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 44 44 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Sanitary Conveniences Fig.

. ● Any fire alarm should emit a visual and audible signal. ● Taps on baths or wash basins should be controlled automatically or can be operated using a closed fist. changing or shower rooms should be fitted with light action privacy bolts so they can be operated by people with limited dexterity. Minimum width of these toilets should be 1200mm. and wheelchair accessible unisex toilets. they should be openable with a force no greater than 30N. 34 WC cubicle for ambulant disabled people ● At least one cubicle in same sex toilets should be designed for the ambulant disabled. ● Where there are four or more cubicles in a same sex toilet one of these should be enlarged for use by people who need extra space. 34. ● Door handles and other ironmongery should comply with the provisions for internal doors. ■ Visual and audible indicators to confirm ● All fittings and grab-rails should contrast visually an emergency call has been received. as shown in Fig. eg lever action. alarm. with the background wall and floor finish and there should be contrast between the walls ■ A signal which is different from the fire and floor. Baby change units should wherever possible be provided in these units.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 45 45 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Sanitary Conveniences GENERAL ADVICE Fig. If required to self-close. ● Doors to WC compartments. ■ A re-set control reachable from the wheelchair or shower or changing seat. ■ Lighting controls to conform with the provisions for switches and controls. like parents with young children or people with shopping or luggage. ● Heat emitters are screened or their surface temperature is kept below 43 degrees ● Emergency assistance alarms should have: centigrade.

● In sports facilities individual self-contained Fig. ● When associated with shower facilities the floor should be level and slip resistant when dry or wet. ● An emergency assistance pull cord should be easily identifiable and can be reached from the seat or the floor. resistant tip up seats (not spring loaded). ● A shower curtain should be provided that covers the seat and rails when in the horizontal position and can be opened and closed from the shower seat.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 46 46 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Wheelchair Accessible Changing and Shower Facilities ● Where more than one unit is provided ● Should provide wall mounted drop down provision for left or right handed transfer should support rails and wall mounted. ● A shelf that can be reached from the seat or wheelchair should be provided for toiletries. ● There should be a manoeuvring space of at least 1500mm deep in front of lockers. ● Facilities for limb storage should be included for the benefit of amputees. 35 An example of a self-contained changing shower facilities should be provided in room for individual use addition to communal separate sex facilities. . slip be made. the assistance alarm should be as for sanitary accommodation.

compartment should be provided. Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 47 47 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Wheelchair Accessible Changing and Shower Facilities ● Where showers are provided in commercial ● Shower controls in communal showers should developments for the benefit of staff. 36 An example of a self-contained shower room for individual use . at least be positioned between 750mm and 1000mm one wheelchair accessible shower above the floor.

student accommodation and ● The bath should be provided with a transfer seat relatives’ accommodation in hospitals. 400mm deep and equal to the width of a bath.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 48 48 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Wheelchair Accessible Bathrooms This guidance covers wheelchair ● A choice of left or right handed transfer should be provided where more than one accessible accessible bathing facilities in hotels. motels. 37 An example of a bathroom incorporating a corner WC . Fig. bathroom is provided.

assistance alarm. 38 Grab rails and fittings associated with a bath . Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 49 49 FACILITIES IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN DWELLINGS Wheelchair Accessible Bathrooms ● Doors should open outwards and be fitted with ● The room should be fitted with a pull cord and a horizontal closing bar fixed to the inside face.

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Reasonable access is required into the dwelling within the boundaries of ● Access to the dwelling or block of flats must be the plot. bottom and intermediate landings. If the plot gradient exceeds 1:15. and the plot gradient exceeds 1:20. and a gradient no steeper than 1:12. Fig.1 metres) for visitors to all new dwellings. ● The presence of a driveway might provide a better opportunity for creating a level or ramped approach. 1. with a gradient designed to take into account the requirements not exceeding 1:20 and not less than 900mm of other parts of the Building Regulations wide. a minimum Timber sill and external concrete slab paving width of 900mm. a ramp may be required. excluding the space Regulations was amended to improve accessibility for parked vehicles (approximately 2.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 51 51 DWELLINGS Accessibility On 25th October 1999. Generally. 39 ● The approach cannot be made of loose laid materials such as gravel or shingle. 40 Concrete sill and internal transition unit Fig. This requires a firm and even surface. either from the pavement or footpath or from a car parking space. Fig. to create lifetime homes. a stepped approach will be acceptable. including resistance to weather and ground moisture. Part M of the Building ● The width of the approach. This should be required to the principal entrance. broken into 5m lengths. If site topography prevents this. It is not intended should not be less than 900mm.2m top. 41 . providing the steps are designed to meet the needs of an ambulant disabled person (see below). a level or ramped approach is via an accessible threshold.

finishes and external hard landscaping. Internal doors. 43 . etc for accessibility door openings in general. providing access via doorways. ● On steeply sloping sites a change in level within the entrance storey may be unavoidable. which is available from made for disabled people to visit occupants on The Stationery Office (ISBN 011 702333 7). Fig. provision must be thresholds in new housing. corridors and Fig.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 52 52 DWELLINGS Circulation The DETR published a design guide for accessible ● If a building contains flats. ● An obstruction free zone of 900mm wide must be maintained outside the w. passages and corridors Table 4 – Minimum widths of corridors and passageways for a range of doorway widths Door clear opening width Corridor / passageway width (mm) (mm) 750 or wider 900 (when approach is head-on) 750 1200 (when approach not head-on) 775 1050 (when approach not head-on) 800 900 (when approach not head-on) ● Circulation within the entrance storey of the building must be possible for wheelchair users. treatment of internal floor the Building. A 900mm wide staircase complying with Part K with handrails on each side if there are three or more risers would suffice. This zone should extend 200mm both sides of the projected edges of the clear opening. This may be via the installation of a document provides design solutions for suitable suitably dimensioned and designed lift or via thresholds in many situations which minimise the common stairways designed for use by risk of moisture ingress. See Section Vertical Circulation within drainage channels. This any storey. This is to assist people whose reach is limited to use the dwelling more easily.c. 42 passageways to the kitchen. and opposite Location of switches. habitable rooms and a room containing a w. Guidance is provided on ambulant disabled and visually impaired suitable sill and threshold profiles. provision of people. sockets.c. ● Switches and sockets on all levels within the dwelling should be located within an accessible zone.

Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 53 53 DWELLINGS WCs within Dwellings A WC should be provided in the entrance storey The minimum width of the compartment is of the dwelling. This should be located such that it 900mm.B. Fig. provided in the principal storey. and handrails are not required.) Clear space for frontal access to WC The door to the WC should ■ open outwards ■ have a clear opening width as described previously ■ be positioned to enable wheelchair users to access the WC N. but will also enable more people to remain in their homes for longer as they become less mobile with age. Consideration should be given to the storey without using stairs. 45 It is intended that these improved standards will not only help disabled people to visit other homes more easily. particularly in very small contains no habitable rooms the WC may be rooms. but prescriptive layouts have not been can be reached from the habitable rooms in that imposed. Clear space for frontal access to WC Fig. The compartment does not have to fully accommodate a wheelchair. (If the entrance storey location of the wash basin. 44 .

We are committed to assisting every step of the way.uk or telephone: 01455 271155 . Steve Evans Construction industry legislation and particularly Building Regulations appears to be becoming more and more Joinery & Building Services restrictive. with a solutions based approach.ayre@salusai. Building Control Approved Inspectors Access Consultancy Fire Safety Willow Cottage. it’s our aim to provide a quality. embracing team integration and consistency we are confident in achieving customer satisfaction every time. joe.co. Boroughbridge. which is both effective.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 54 54 In whatever we do. presenting multiple obstacles for developers and designers to overcome. Fire Risk Assessments Horsefair.. professional and competent service. efficient and minimizes cost and delay to our clients. Tel/Fax: 01423 324294 North Yorkshire DL10 5HG. Aske. at Salus. through our motto: ‘Compliance without complexity’. As well as helping save time and money in the no nonsense way we handle applications. SALUS York BUILDING CONTROL AND YO51 9AA FIRE SAFETY CONSULTANTS APPROVED INSPECTORS Salus (BCFSC) Ltd The Stables.. Through the personal service we provide. Richmond.

induction loop information. ● Symbols should be as near pictorial as possible.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:35 Page 55 55 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Signs and Symbols ● Ensure legibility of signs and lettering by attention to size and style and by use of strong colours. communications. thorough and continuous along routes and should take account of the need for reassurance. They should be within hand reach at a reasonable level.e. Standard symbols should indicate specific facilities. 48 ● Signs should be consistent. setting out of the symbol should be based on a square tile as shown. i. good immediate background and non- distracting general background and by good lighting without glare. Ensure the background surface is comfortable to touch. Confine to Fig. Wa i t i n g r o o m ● Raised letters are helpful to blind people particularly. 47 Fig. 46 single letters. Fig. ● Lettering should be within visual range and provide good contrast against the background. . numerals and symbols and keep ● The international symbol of accessibility. the to standard positions in a building. assistance available if required.

● To determine appropriate limits for the range of the population to be accommodated. wheelchairs. for the head height of chairbound depends to a considerable extent on the men. The figures below show the relevant dimensions. the value of 1:235 for the fifth percentile dimensional characteristics of people at rest and means that five per cent of chairbound men’s moving and on their range of physical head height when in a wheelchair is at 1:235 capabilities. the value 1:435 for the 95th percentile disabilities. artificial limbs and shorter. 49 .Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 56 56 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Anthropometric Data ● The formulation of design criteria for buildings ● For example. these criteria may be modified by means that 95 per cent is at 1:435 high or the use of aids such as sticks. MEN Fig. In the case of people with or less. the statistical technique of percentile distribution is used.

Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 57 57 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Anthropometric Data ● Although in certain situations. it must be be greater than the average and 50 per cent emphasised that averages should be treated will be less. it is appropriate population. In a representative sample of WOMEN . woman. 50 per cent of measurements will to use the average as a criteria. Dimensions based on the average with caution. It is hazardous to make decisions will therefore at best satisfy only 50 per cent of on the basis of catering for the average man or potential users.

if the to obstructions at head height. if the problem relates the population will be accommodated. GIRLS AGED 4. it is ● It is not the case that whenever the value for usually found that there is a limiting factor in the 95th percentile is observed.g. 51 . instead.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 58 58 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Anthropometric Data ● When data is applied to design problems. 8 AND 12 BOYS AGED 4. 95 per cent of one direction only. the designer should enquire which the correct course is to apply the 5th percentile dimension is critical. the measures of critical dimension is in the opposite direction. 8 AND 12 Fig. In applying only five per cent will be accommodated and data. e. short people are not significant.

Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 59 59 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Anthropometric Data AMBULANT PEOPLE ● It is not always economic or practicable to cover 100 per cent of the population by catering for people at the extremes. 52 . It may not be possible to obtain a solution to a specific design problem. which is equally efficient for a typical ambulant person and a person in a wheelchair. Fig.

F: minus 0. 53 G. F: minus 0. F: minus 0.300 deep shelves adjacent to entrance door. E: preferred maximum height of switches and controls.150: preferred level of general work surfaces. Effective downward reach B. sink fascia to sink storage shelves. tops.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 60 60 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Ergonomic Data AMBULANT PEOPLE D. F. A. F: minus 0.200 deep J. G: preferred height of letter basket and delivery A: minus 0. Head height K.600 floor units. Toe projection C: relate to fixed mirror heights and position of K: preferred minimum depth. Shoulder level and equipment are suitably located. Fig. B: minus 0. Elbow level F: minus 0. Knuckle height (comfortable downward reach) G: lower level of preferred zone for most-used articles stored in kitchen.130: preferred level of kitchen surfaces where sink rim and general work surfaces are at the same height. shelves. toe recesses to shower fittings. allowing access to front of shelf. allowing J: plus 0.070: maximum height of storage other controls. allowing reach to back of shelf.100: preferred level of sink rim. The general application of the recommendations should ensure that fittings E.250: preferred level of fixed ironing board.600 floor units. allowing access to front of shelf.150: maximum height of 0. Oblique vertical reach H: minimum height of storage shelves. dimensions. outlets. B: minus 0. Eye level D: avoid window transomes at this level. kitchen units. storage shelves over 0. heater controls and oven floor.080: maximum height of unobstructed J: preferred maximum dimension. socket B: maximum height of window and blind controls. . Comfortable vertical reach G: preferred minimum height of socket outlets and A: minus 0. H. surfaces.100: preferred level of wash basin rim.060: maximum height of 0. C. ● The convenient positioning of fittings and equipment is governed by body and reach D: related to fixed mirror heights. Comfortable forward reach storage shelves over 0.100: maximum depth of kitchen work access to front of shelf.

100: minimum height of heater controls. P.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 61 61 INTERIOR ERGONOMICS Ergonomic Data WHEELCHAIR USERS H. allowing reach M: minimum height of storage shelves. Oblique vertical reach L: minimum level of oven floor. desks. to front of shelf. A. Head height taps. 54 cushion if used) K: preferred level of WC seat. sink fascia to sink D. J: plus 0. Knee projection beyond face of chair arm E.030: preferred height of pull-out for food preparation. Chair seat level. platform at head end of MEASUREMENTS bath and shower seat. Toe projection at lower leg level surfaces or tables to permit close approach. F: plus 0. heights.050: lower level of preferred zone for most- used articles stored in kitchen. D: related to height of shower fittings.160: preferred height of kitchen work surfaces at consistent level assuming 0. Effective forward reach C.100: upper level of preferred zone for most- used articles stored in kitchen. relate to sill wash basin fascia to waste pipe. wash basin.160: maximum height of unobstructed N. Forward reach beyond face of chair arm C: maximum height of electric switches. reach to front L: plus 0. allowing reach to N: minimum height of toe recesses to kitchen units. Q.040: preferred height of fixed ironing board. back of shelves. B: minus 0. B: minus 0. . S. preparation centre. Foot height storage shelves with frontal approach.020: preferred height of letter basket and delivery shelves adjacent to entrance door.120: maximum height of 0. etc. R. Chair armrest level G: maximum unobstructed dimension below work T. Toe projection from front to waist R: preferred minimum depth of tables and knee F. T: minimum depth of toe recesses to kitchen units. Comfortable downward reach storage shelves over 0.600 floor units. of shelf. Comfortable forward vertical reach O: maximum depth of kitchen work surfaces. S: minimum depth of knee recesses to kitchen sink. H: minus 0. L: plus 0. E: relate to fixed mirror heights. P: preferred maximum dimension. B: maximum height of window and blind controls. K. centre front edge (with Fig. Comfortable vertical reach A: minus 0. etc. preparation centre and wash hand basin. Elbow level H: plus 0. P: comfortable reach over low-level tables. Toe projection beyond face of chair arm F: preferred maximum height of electric switches. Knuckle height storage shelves with lateral approach. B.150 deep sink bowl. Thigh level J: minimum unobstructed vertical dimension for knee recesses to tables. J.070: maximum height of unobstructed L. Eye level Q: minimum dimension sink fascia to waste pipe and E: avoid window transomes at this level. H: minus 0. G. O.300 deep M. C: preferred maximum height of window and other controls. Shoulder level recesses to permit close approach. kitchen sink.

& R. Murton Lane. 07711 674872 ■ Landfill Site or 07879 406281 YORK 01904 608772 EAST YORKS 01964 542372 Unit 6 Gate 4. North Yorkshire BD23 1TB buildersskipton.co.W. Murton.uk . The Sidings Business Park.uk 01723 862151 Fryors Close.co.co. Skipton. Engine Shed Lane.uk 07802 921124 /07808 955789 M. Brewster Serving all of East Yorkshire! & Sons Ltd BUILDERS & JOINERS QUALITY CONTROLLED ■ Ready Mixed Concrete ■ Washed Sands ■ Gravel ■ Skip Hire Tel. Commercial.F. Skipton 794026 ■ Waste Recycling Mobile No.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 62 62 Established 1893 Approved Contractor Walker & Hutton ROOF TRUSSES (Scarborough) Ltd ■ ADVICE ■ DESIGN Industrial. York YO19 5UY Mobiles: Fax: 01904 481009 E-mail: info@trustspan. ■ SUPPORT Domestic Electrical ■ MANUFACTURE Contractors ■ DELIVERY We take care of everything 24 Main Street • Irton Scarborough • YO12 4RH Please contact Les Forster for details Telephone: Tel: 01904 481008 trustspan.

I. Ladders and Walkways B. Health and Safety at Work.I.I. Fire Precautions Act 1971 BS 5655 Lifts and Service Lifts B. etc Act 1974 BS 8300 Design of Buildings and the Highways Act 1980 Approaches to meet the needs of Disabled People B.I.S. Education Act 1944 BS 5588 Part 8: Code of Practice for Education Act 1980 Means of Escape for Disabled People B. The Building Regulations (Amendment) Regulations 1998 Building Act 1984 Approved Document B Fire Safety Building Regulations 2000 Approved Document K Protection from falling.S.I.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 63 63 LEGISLATION AND BIBLIOGRAPHY BIBLIOGRAPHY LEGISLATION The Building Regulations 2000 as amended The following are the most significant Acts of Parliament which affect disabled people.S.S. Housing Act 1985 Licensing Acts 1961. Disability Discrimination Act 1995 BS 5395 Stairs.I. Door Leaves and Frames B. Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997 BS 6180 Code of Practice for Protective Barriers in and About Buildings B. Chronically Sick and Disabled collision and impact Persons Act 1970 Approved Document M Access to and Use Cinematograph Acts 1909 and 1952 of Buildings Companies (Employment of Disabled Approved Document N Glazing Materials and Persons) Regulations 1980 Protection Disabled Persons Act 1981 BRITISH STANDARDS Disabled Persons Employment Act 1944 (amended 1958) BS 4787 Internal and External Wood Doorsets.S.S. 1964 and 2003 Designing for the Disabled – Selwyn Goldsmith Theatres Acts 1843 and 1968 Building Bulletin 91 Access for Disabled People Town and Country Planning Act 1990 to School Buildings – Department of Education and Involvement New Metric Handbook – Architectural Press .

.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 64 64 North Yorkshire STEVE HOBSON Brick Specialist Loft Conversion Building a new house or extension? See Your Loft As a Design Then why not make me your first call to find you Free Quotations & Estimates the right brick to suit your needs. LADDER AND WALKWAYS • TUBE CLAMP AND DISABLED ACCESS HANDRAILING • PALISADE FENCING & GATES SECURITY PRODUCTS • INDUSTRIAL PROTECTIVE AND CRASH BARRIERS • ALL TYPES OF MILD STEEL.uk 6 Hawthorn Avenue Malton Unit 1. honest and reliable service Velux Windows & Insulation please contact myself on any of the following: All Electrical & Plumbing Work Mobile: 07736 799838 Tel / Fax: Tel/Fax: 01430 803499 01653 693903 Email: hobsonbricks@hotmail. NORTH YORKSHIRE. DALTON. Y017 7DD Market Weighton YO43 3GL. Highly Competitive Prices I have over 20 years experience supplying bricks to the trade and the public. AGRIWELD SERVICES • STRUCTURAL STEELWORK • WROUGHT IRON EFFECT HANDRAIL. FENCING AND GATES • STAIRS. Market Weighton Business Centre North Yorkshire Becklands Park. Converting Lofts Since 1981 For a friendly. STAINLESS STEEL AND ALUMINIUM FABRICATION Phone / Fax: 01845577963 Mobile: 07866 958167 WILLOW BRIDGE MILLS. THIRSK. YO7 3BN.co. York Road.

facilities and services reasonable adjustments to all policies. training and the involvement of members and volunteers.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 65 65 THE DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT (DDA) 1995 The DDA creates rights for any individual. remove or provide means of The original provisions on education in schools. all service providers. avoiding physical barriers that make it impossible or colleges and universities were significantly amended unreasonably difficult for disabled people. procedures ● The management. not to be including community and voluntary organisations discriminated against in: providing any service to the public. which have become Part lV of the services by making reasonable adjustments to all DDA. From December 1996. Part lll of the DDA. ● Education and training From October 2004. by the Act as a disabled person. employers have had to The Disability Discrimination make reasonable adjustments for employees. For policies. including ● Employment information. This includes adjustments to The Act was amended and extended in 2005. defined From October 1999. All training provision is already covered by their buildings and the environment. buying or renting of land or and practices to make their services accessible. (see contacts page). advice. property This applies to all sizes of service providers and organisations. procedures and practices and to buildings full details contact the Disability Rights Commission and the environment. . based upon their specific requirements and the Act 2005 nature of the job. all service providers are ● Provision of transport required to alter. to access their Rights Act 2001. including by the Special Educational Needs and Disability any volunteers and members. should be making ● Provision of goods.

O.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 66 66 E. • Closed Circuit Television • Fire Detection Systems • Access Control • Integrated Systems P.com . York YO42 2YP Telephone: 01759 305750 Fax: 01759 305749 Email: sales@enigsys. Pocklington.S. Box 185. (North) Ltd.

uk Disability Unit Royal National Institute of the Blind Department for Work and Pensions Tel: 020 7388 1266 Level 6 rnib.uk Royal Association of Disability and Rehabilitation (RADAR) Disability Rights Commission Tel: 020 7250 3222 Tel: 0845 762 2633 drc_gb.org.org.org.uk Adelphi Building John Adams Street Royal National Institute of the Deaf London WC2N 6HT Tel: 0808 8080123 (freephone) disability.org.uk .co.uk/shop Tel/textphone: 020 7357 8182 cae.org.uk radar.gov.uk rnid.Accessibility by Design Txt:Layout 1 30/5/07 12:36 Page 67 67 USEFUL CONTACTS British Council of Disabled People The National Federation of Tel: 01332 295551 Shopmobility UK Tel: 0845 644 2446 Centre for Accessible Environments justmobility.

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Accessibility Covers:Accessibility Cover 30/5/07 12:24 Page 4 This publication has been produced by the North and East Yorkshire Building Control Management Group .