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# 1.

Preliminary work
a) Ideal transformer works on induction principle. When primary of the transformer is
connected to the supply, it establishes flux in the core of the transformer. This
alternating flux will induce voltage in the static secondary winding of the transformer.
b) The primary voltage V1 and current I1 is related to secondary voltage V2 and current
I2 through relation V1I1 = V2I2
c) Turns ratio = 240/120 = 2; Primary current = 2/2 = 1A
d) Efficiency = (120*7.5)/(240*4)*100 = 93.75%. The efficiency of the transformer is
not 100% because of the losses in the transformer. These losses are no-load loss or
core loss and copper loss.
e) Voltage regulation = ((240-220)/220) *100% = 9.09%

2. Name plate information of the transformer
Model 230/125 V
Apparent Power (S) 1 kVA
Voltage Rating on the Primary (V1) 230 V
Voltage Rating on the Secondary (V2) 125 V

Primary Side Secondary Side
V1 242V V2 132V
I1 0A I2 0A
P1 0W P2 0W

Quantity Value
V1 241V
I1 625mA
P1 144W
V2 132V
I2 966mA
P2 127W