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ZXMW NR8120 Digital Microwave Transmission System System Description Version: V2.03.01 ZTE CORPORATION No. 55, Hi-tech Road South, ShenZhen, P.R.China Postcode: 518057 Tel: +86-755-26771900 Fax: +86-755-26770801 URL: http://ensupport.zte.com.cn E-mail: support@zte.com.cn LEGAL INFORMATION Copyright © 2013 ZTE CORPORATION. The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations. All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION or of their respective owners. This document is provided “as is”, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the information contained herein. ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee, the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein. ZTE CORPORATION reserves the right to upgrade or make technical change to this product without further notice. Users may visit ZTE technical support website http://ensupport.zte.com.cn to inquire related information. The ultimate right to interpret this product resides in ZTE CORPORATION. Revision History Revision No. Revision Date Revision Reason R1.0 2013–05–10 First edition Serial Number: SJ-20130319141920-002 Publishing Date: 2013–05–10 (R1.0) SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Contents About This Manual ......................................................................................... I Chapter 1 Overview of the NR8120 ........................................................... 1-1 1.1 Components ...................................................................................................... 1-1 1.2 External View..................................................................................................... 1-2 1.3 Functions........................................................................................................... 1-3 Chapter 2 System Architecture ................................................................. 2-1 2.1 Logical Architecture ............................................................................................ 2-1 2.2 Hardware Architecture ........................................................................................ 2-2 2.2.1 IDU ......................................................................................................... 2-2 2.2.2 ODU........................................................................................................ 2-3 2.3 Software Architecture ......................................................................................... 2-5 Chapter 3 Service Processing Signal Flows............................................ 3-1 3.1 TDM Service Flow .............................................................................................. 3-1 3.2 Ethernet Service Flow......................................................................................... 3-3 3.3 Auxiliary Service Flow......................................................................................... 3-4 Chapter 4 System Principles ..................................................................... 4-1 4.1 System Clock Principle ....................................................................................... 4-1 4.1.1 Clock Synchronization Types .................................................................... 4-1 4.1.2 Clock Synchronization Principles............................................................... 4-2 4.2 Power Supply Principle ....................................................................................... 4-3 4.3 Operation and Maintenance Principle .................................................................. 4-4 4.3.1 Configuration Modes ................................................................................ 4-4 4.3.2 Data Management.................................................................................... 4-4 4.3.3 Security Management............................................................................... 4-4 4.3.4 Alarm Management .................................................................................. 4-5 4.3.5 Monitoring and Maintenance ..................................................................... 4-6 4.3.6 Diagnosis and Debugging ......................................................................... 4-7 4.3.7 Software Upgrading.................................................................................. 4-7 4.4 Reliability Principle ............................................................................................. 4-7 4.4.1 Hardware Reliability ................................................................................. 4-7 4.4.2 Software Reliability................................................................................... 4-8 4.4.3 Data Reliability ......................................................................................... 4-8 Chapter 5 Radio Protection Configurations............................................. 5-1 I SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential 5.1 1+0 No-Protection Configuration ......................................................................... 5-1 5.2 1+1 HSB Configuration ....................................................................................... 5-2 5.3 1+1 SD Configuration ......................................................................................... 5-4 5.4 1+1 FD Configuration ......................................................................................... 5-5 Chapter 6 Networking Modes .................................................................... 6-1 6.1 Overview ........................................................................................................... 6-1 6.2 Point-to-Point Networking Mode .......................................................................... 6-1 6.3 Chain Networking Mode...................................................................................... 6-2 6.4 Tree Networking Mode........................................................................................ 6-2 Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance..................................................... 7-1 7.1 Operation & Maintenance Solution ...................................................................... 7-1 7.2 LMT .................................................................................................................. 7-1 7.2.1 Functions................................................................................................. 7-1 7.2.2 Networking .............................................................................................. 7-1 7.3 NetNumen U31 System ...................................................................................... 7-2 7.3.1 Functions................................................................................................. 7-2 7.3.2 Networking .............................................................................................. 7-2 Chapter 8 Technical Specifications .......................................................... 8-1 8.1 System Specifications......................................................................................... 8-1 8.2 Radio Frequency................................................................................................ 8-2 8.2.1 Channel Spacing...................................................................................... 8-2 8.2.2 ODU Transceiving Spacing ....................................................................... 8-2 8.3 System Capacity ................................................................................................ 8-2 8.4 Power................................................................................................................ 8-4 8.4.1 Transmit Power ........................................................................................ 8-4 8.4.2 Threshold Power ...................................................................................... 8-8 8.5 Physical Specifications ......................................................................................8-11 8.5.1 Dimensions.............................................................................................8-11 8.5.2 Weight....................................................................................................8-11 8.5.3 Power Supply..........................................................................................8-11 8.5.4 Power Consumption ................................................................................8-11 8.6 Reliability ......................................................................................................... 8-12 8.6.1 Security ................................................................................................. 8-12 8.6.2 Fault Tolerance ...................................................................................... 8-12 8.6.3 EMC...................................................................................................... 8-12 8.6.4 Operations............................................................................................. 8-13 8.6.5 Storage ................................................................................................. 8-13 II SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential 8.6.6 Protection Class ..................................................................................... 8-13 Figures............................................................................................................. I Tables ............................................................................................................ III Glossary .........................................................................................................V III SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential IV SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential About This Manual Purpose This manual provides information about the system architecture, service processing signal flows, system principles, configurations, networking modes, operation and maintenance, and technical specifications of the ZXMW NR8120 Digital Microwave Transmission System. Intended Audience This manual is intended for technical personnel who perform operations on the ZXMW NR8120 Digital Microwave Transmission System. What Is in This Manual This manual contains the following chapters: Chapter Summary 1, NR8120 Overview Describes the system composition, external view, and functions of the NR8120. 2, System Architecture Describes the logical architecture, hardware architecture, and software architecture of the NR8120. 3, Service Processing Signal Flows Describes the service processing signal flows of the NR8120. 4, System Principles Describes the clock principle, power supply principle, operation and maintenance principle, and reliability principle of the NR8120. 5, Radio Protection Configurations Describes various hardware compositions and operating modes of the NR8120. 6, Networking Modes Describes various networking modes of the NR8120. 7, Operation and Maintenance Describes two operation and maintenance modes of the NR8120: Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) and NetNumen centralized network management system. 8, Technical Specifications Describes technical specifications of the NR8120. Conventions This manual uses the following typographical conventions: Typeface Meaning Italics Variables in commands. It may also refer to other related manuals and documents. I SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Typeface Meaning Bold Menus, menu options, function names, input fields, option button names, check boxes, drop-down lists, dialog box names, window names, parameters, and commands. Constant width Text that you type, program codes, filenames, directory names, and function names. Note: provides additional information about a certain topic. II SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 1 Overview of the NR8120 Table of Contents Components...............................................................................................................1-1 External View .............................................................................................................1-2 Functions ...................................................................................................................1-3 1.1 Components Figure 1-1 shows the components of the NR8120 system. Figure 1-1 Components of the NR8120 System l Indoor Unit (IDU) The IDU admits service data through the service interface board. The main control unit, a part of the IDU, implements service switching and processing, and provides system management functions. The Intermediate Frequency (IF) board in the IDU modulates/demodulates baseband data and provides an interface connecting to an ODU. l Outdoor Unit (ODU) The ODU is connected to the IDU through an IF cable. It implements service data up/down conversion and Radio Frequency (RF) transceiving. 1-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description l Antenna The antenna directionally transmits, converges, and receives electromagnetic wave signals through parabolic reflectors. à In the transmitting direction, the electromagnetic waves from waveguides are polarized and radiated. à In the receiving direction, the received electromagnetic waves are polarized and converted into electromagnetic energy and transmitted by waveguides. l Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) The LMT software is embedded into the IDU. Users can access and manage the IDU through the Internet Explorer installed on a Personal Computer (PC). l Element Management System (EMS) The NetNumenTM U31 system, also known as the EMS, communicates with the IDU through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), and manages multiple Network Elements (NEs) in the network. 1.2 External View The NR8120, which uses a modular design, consists of one or multiple IDUs and one or multiple ODUs. IDU Figure 1-2 shows the external view of an IDU. Figure 1-2 IDU ODU Table 1-1 shows the external view of ODU respectively. Table 1-1 ODU Style External view ODU SRU 1-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 1 Overview of the NR8120 Style External view A400 6 GHz~11 GHz 13 GHz~38 GHz 1.3 Functions For functions of the NR8120, refer to Table 1-2. Table 1-2 Functions of the NR8120 Service Type Function Description Native represents the advanced native transmission technology while Hybrid means hybrid transmission of non-mapping native services. The Hybrid & Native function enables the native Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) service and the native Ethernet service to dynamically share the Hybrid & Native air interface bandwidth, and mapping between them is not microwave required. The function has the following advantages: transmission l Reduces the transmission delay and increases the Wireless system transmission efficiency. l Reduces unnecessary cost of frame encapsulation and increases the radio bandwidth utilization. l Increases the microwave frequency spectrum utilization. As a node in the network, the NR8120 supports at most Two transmission two transmission directions. This function is applied in two directions applications scenarios: l Radio 1+1 protection configuration 1-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Service Type Function Description l East-to-west transmission ACM is a technology that can automatically adjust the coding and modulation mode in accordance with channel quality. Adaptive Coding and l When channel quality is good, the ACM function Modulation (ACM) improves the system transmission efficiency and frequency spectrum utilization. l When channel quality is deteriorated, the ACM function ensures the link reliability of high-priority services. Automatic This function reduces the transmitter's interference on transmission power neighbor systems and the transmitter's residual error rate. control With this function, the contents that are unchanged but repeatedly transmitted in Ethernet data frames, such as Ethernet frame Medium Access Control (MAC) address and IP header, header compression are replaced by short bytes at the transmitting end. This on air interface function increases the Ethernet service transmission throughput for a fixed bandwidth. The NR8120 supports the Ethernet load balance function. This function is implemented by Link Aggregation Group (LAG). LAG uses the HASH algorithm to calculate Load balance source/destination MAC addresses of data flows to determine the transmission channel for each service flow. Load balance can also be implemented based on IP addresses. The NR8120 supports SNCP switchover when the work mode of air interface is set to E1. It improves the microwave link transmission reliability. SNCP uses 1+1 protection mode. In other words, each transmission direction has two different routes: working route and protection route. Service data is transferred Sub-Network between two NEs through SNCP, that is, the NE at the Connection TDM transmitting end transmits service data to the NE at Protection (SNCP) the receiving end through the working subnetwork and for TDM service protection subnetwork in bridge mode. The NE at the receiving end selects the service data from one of the two routes based on the switchover principle. The SNCP function can be flexibly applied in protection configuration for various networks, including trunk network, relay network, and access network. It can also be applied 1-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 1 Overview of the NR8120 Service Type Function Description in various network topologies, including tree network, ring network, and mesh network. The NR8120 uses a carrier-level Ethernet switching architecture. The internal switching is layer-2 Ethernet switching and layer-2 Ethernet frames (802.3) are processed. The TDM service uses CES over ETH, which encapsulates the TDM service into layer-2 Ethernet frames for transmission. This function enables the microwave Native TDM service CES to transverse a wired network. The TDM service can transverse the wired network after CES over ETH processing by the emulation board configured on the NR8000 device for accessing the wired packet network. The CES service is restored into a Native TDM service through the emulation board configured on another NR8000 device. This function has the following advantages: l Supports the Ethernet switching function with a maximum switching capacity of 22 Gbit/s. l Provides 10/100/1000 Mbps adaptive ports, and supports the auto-negotiation function and automatic transmission rate adjustment. l Supports statistics of Ethernet bandwidth utilization and remote monitoring. l Supports 16 K Medium Access Control (MAC) address spaces. l Supports 4 K VLANs that comply with the IEEE 802.1q standard. l Supports 9600-byte Jumbo frames. Ethernet Ethernet switching l Supports the STP/RSTP/MSTP function. It prevents packets from being multiplied and circulated in a ring network, and ensures that the system packet processing capability will not degrade due to repeatedly receiving the same packets. l Supports the Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) function, which includes continuity check, loopback check, link tracing, remote defect indication, frame loss rate measurement, alarm indication, administrative locking, and signal testing. l Supports the Ethernet in the First Mile (EFM) function, which includes link frame-level detection and statistics management, and reports the alarm status of relevant links to users in a timely manner. 1-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Service Type Function Description l Supports the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) function, which enables devices of different vendors to recognize each other in the network and exchange system configuration information with each other. l Supports the Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) function, through which multiple member links are bound to form an aggregation group, increasing point-to-point bandwidth and redundancy between two devices. l Supports the Ethernet Ring Protection Switching (ERPS) function, which is operating on all NEs in a ring network. The Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) module checks link connectivity in the ring network and reports link faults to ERPS to ensure that each NE can operate properly. l Supports the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) function, which dynamically checks the microwave network topology and calculates the route table for the IP layer to forward data. QoS is a network security mechanism, which helps solve network delay and congestion problems. The NR8120 determines the scheduling priority of a packet in accordance with the information such as 802.1q priority, Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) priority, and Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) label in the packet. It ensures that important packets are not delayed or discarded and the network can operate properly. This functions has the following advantages: l Supports various scheduling types, including Strict Priority (SP), Weighted Round Robin (WRR), Deficit Quality of Service Weighted Round Robin (DWRR), SP+WRR, and (QoS) SP+DWRR. l Supports two packet discarding functions: end discarding and simple early random discarding. l Supports the storm suppression function for unknown unicast, unknown multicast, known multicast, and broadcast. l Supports the packet aging time setting function that is embedded in the NR8120. l Supports the traffic shaping function for outgoing services. l Supports the control list access function. In other words, the input data packets are categorized in 1-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 1 Overview of the NR8120 Service Type Function Description accordance with filtering conditions such as source address, destination address, and port number of the packets. This function implements a series of operations for specific service flows, including flow control, black/white list, priority mapping, and flow statistics. 1-7 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 1-8 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 2 System Architecture Table of Contents Logical Architecture....................................................................................................2-1 Hardware Architecture................................................................................................2-2 Software Architecture .................................................................................................2-5 2.1 Logical Architecture Figure 2-1 shows the logical architecture of the NR8120 system. Figure 2-1 System Logical Architecture 2-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description IDU l Radio Core Cross Modem Unit A (RCMUA) It implements Ethernet service switching and E1 service cross connection, Intermediate Frequency (IF) modulation/demodulation, auxiliary service processing, and clock processing. l Radio Traffic Expansion A (RTEA) It provides a 16-channel service interface. l Radio Traffic Expansion B (RTEB) It provides at most 16 channels of E1 circuit emulation. It supports structured and unstructured emulation. l Radio Modem Expansion A (RMEA) It encodes baseband signals from the RCMUA, modulates them into IF signals, and sends them to ODU(s) via the IF interface. It also receives IF signals from ODU(s), demodulates and decodes them, and sends them to the RCMUA. l Radio Power Unit B (RPUB) It is connected to the -48 V power supply, and outputs the -48 V power supply to the backplane through filtering and protection processing. l Radio Fan Asset D (RFAD) It is the fan board of the IDU, dissipating heat for the system. ODU It is placed outdoors, together with an antenna, implementing Radio Frequency (RF) signal transmitting and receiving. 2.2 Hardware Architecture 2.2.1 IDU Figure 2-2 shows the hardware architecture of the IDU. Figure 2-2 Hardware Architecture of the IDU 2-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 2 System Architecture For detailed information of the boards and their corresponding logical slots, refer to Table 2-1. Table 2-1 Logical Slots of the Boards Board Logical Slot No. RCMUA Core Unit (CU) 1 Tributary Unit (TU) 3 Modulation Unit (MU) 5 RTEA/RTEB 4 RMEA 6 RPUB (lower) 9 RPUB (upper) 10 RFAD 11 2.2.2 ODU SRU ODU For the structure of an SRU ODU, see Figure 2-3. Figure 2-3 SRU ODU 1. Grounding interface 3. Receiving level indication 4. Antenna interface 2. IF interface interface 2-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description A400 ODU For the structure of an A400 ODU, see Figure 2-4 and Figure 2-5. Figure 2-4 A400 ODU (6 GHz–11 GHz) 1. Receiving level indication 3. Grounding interface 5. Antenna interface (coaxial interface 4. Antenna interface cable type) 2. IF interface (waveguide type) 2-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 2 System Architecture Figure 2-5 A400 ODU (13GHz–38 GHz) 1. Grounding interface 3. Receiving level indication 4. Antenna interface 2. IF interface interface 2.3 Software Architecture The NR8120 software system is based on the Software Defined Radio (SDR) platform. It consists of the following subsystems: l Product application subsystem l Configuration management subsystem l Resource management subsystem l Ethernet service processing subsystem l Protocol stack subsystem l Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) service processing subsystem l Auxiliary service subsystem l Driver adaptive layer subsystem l Radio Frequency (RF) link management subsystem l SDR/L2 and SDR/L3 subsystems (SDR is short for Software Defined Radio) l Board Support Package (BSP) subsystem Figure 2-6 shows the software architecture of the NR8120 system. 2-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Figure 2-6 Software Architecture Product Application Subsystem (Product Application) This subsystem provides the following functions: l Network Management System (NMS) access control l Database System (DBS) data table and trigger definitions l Alarm definition l Performance counter definition l Web server l Time management l Environment management Configuration Management Subsystem (CFG) This subsystem provides the following functions: l Equipment (rack) configuration l Ethernet service configuration l TDM service configuration l Radio parameter configuration l Clock configuration l Protocol stack configuration It ensures that the back-end configuration data can be correctly written into the front-end DBS. Resource Management Subsystem (RM) This subsystem manages and updates resource status in a centralized manner, and provides resource-related operating interfaces for other subsystems. 2-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 2 System Architecture Ethernet Service Processing Subsystem (ETM) This subsystem configures parameters for the switching chip, including port setting, Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) setting, and Quality of Service (QoS) setting. Protocol Stack Subsystem (Protocol) This subsystem implements Ethernet-related protocols, and processes Ethernet protocol packets entering the CPU in accordance with the configuration data. It processes clock-related services, including clock source management, clock protocol implementation, and clock source selection. TDM Service Processing Subsystem (TTM) This subsystem provides the following functions: l TDM service cross connection l Sub-Network Connection Protection (SNCP) parameter setting l SNCP protocol l SNCP control l TDM service routing l Port control and maintenance Auxiliary Service Subsystem (AUX) This subsystem controls auxiliary services, which involve Engineering Order-Wire (EOW), External Device Interface (EDI), and service channels. Driver Adaptive Layer Subsystem (MUX) This subsystem transceives incoming/outgoing packets of the CPU, and provides the unified hardware operating interface for upper-layer service processing entities. Radio RF Link Management Subsystem (RPM) This subsystem manages Intermediate Frequency (IF) and Radio Frequency (RF) devices, implements the Automatic Transmitter Power Control (ATPC) function, and protects RF links. SDR/L2 and SDR/L3 Subsystems The two subsystems provide bottom-layer supports for the software operating environment, including Operating System (OS) encapsulation and standard Operation & Maintenance (O&M) for devices. BSP Subsystem This subsystem drives bottom-layer hardware and provides the hardware Application Programming Interface (API) for upper-layer subsystems. 2-7 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 2-8 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 3 Service Processing Signal Flows Table of Contents TDM Service Flow ......................................................................................................3-1 Ethernet Service Flow ................................................................................................3-3 Auxiliary Service Flow ................................................................................................3-4 3.1 TDM Service Flow The Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) service of the NR8120 is E1 service. Figure 3-1 shows the TDM service flow. Figure 3-1 TDM Service Flow 3-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Transmitting Direction 1. RTEA/RTEB Admits E1 signals, performs level conversion and impedance matching, and transmits the signals to the RCMUA. 2. RCMUA Admits E1 signals from the RTEA, forms frames, encapsulates the frames, and transmits the frames to the IF interface. 3. RMEA Processes the service data after the RCMUA forms frames. 4. ODU a. Separates analog IF signals, ODU Operation, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) signals, and -48 V power supply signals. b. Converts the analog IF signals to RF signals of the transmitting frequency through up conversion and signal amplification. c. Transmits RF signals to the antenna through waveguide. Receiving Direction 1. ODU a. Separates and filters RF signals. b. Performs down conversion and signal amplification to convert RF signals to analog IF signals. 3-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 3 Service Processing Signal Flows c. Transmits the combined signals that consist of analog IF signals and ODU OAM signals to the RCMUA or RMEA through the IF cables 2. RMEA Demodulates E1 subscriber data frames, and transmits them to the RCMUA for processing. 3. RCMUA Processes received data frames, and outputs E1 signals to the RTEA/RTEB. 4. RTEA/RTEB Receives E1 data from the RCMUA, and forwards the data through the E1 interface. 3.2 Ethernet Service Flow Figure 3-2 shows the Ethernet service flow of the NR8120. Figure 3-2 Ethernet Service Flow Transmitting Direction 1. RCMUA Admits Ethernet service signals, encapsulates, modulates, filters, and IF-amplifies the signals, and transmits the signals to an ODU through the radio interface. 2. RMEA 3-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Receives baseband signals from the RCMUA, filters and IF-amplifies the signals, and transmits the signals to an ODU through the radio interface. 3. ODU a. Separates analog IF signals, ODU OAM signals, and -48 V power supply signals. b. Converts the analog IF signals to RF signals of the transmitting frequency through up conversion and signal amplification. c. Transmits RF signals to the antenna through waveguide. Receiving Direction 1. ODU a. Separates and filters RF signals. b. Performs down conversion and signal amplification to convert RF signals to analog IF signals. c. Transmits the combined signals that consist of analog IF signals and ODU OAM signals to the RCMUA/RMEA through the IF cable. 2. RMEA Receives IF signals transmitted on the IF cable from an ODU, demodulates and decodes the signals, and forwards the signals to the RMUCA. 3. RCMUA l Receives IF signals transmitted on the IF cable from an ODU, modulates and demodulates the signals, and outputs Ethernet signals through the Ethernet interface. l Outputs Ethernet signals from the RMEA through the Ethernet interface. 3.3 Auxiliary Service Flow The auxiliary services include EOW, SC, and EDI services. Figure 3-3 shows the auxiliary service flow of the NR8120. 3-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 3 Service Processing Signal Flows Figure 3-3 Auxiliary Service Flow Transmitting Direction l EOW/SC Functions 1. RCMUA à Performs Ethernet encapsulation for the received EOW packets and sends the Ethernet packets to the switching module. According to the destination address, the switching module transfers the Ethernet packets to the air-interface EOW packet processing module of the RCMUA board or transfers them to the RMEA board. à Performs Ethernet encapsulation for the SC packets and sends the Ethernet packets to the switching module. The switching chip transfers the packets to the specified air-interface processing module of the RCMUA or RMEA board. If the packets are transferred to the air-interface processing module of the RCMUA board, they are modulated, filtered, IF-amplified, and then sent to an ODU. 3-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description 2. RMEA à Performs Ethernet de-encapsulation for the received EOW packets from the RCUMA board, encapsulates them in TDM mode, modulates, filters and IF-amplifies the signals, and transmits the signals to an ODU. à Receives SC packets, modulates, filters and IF-amplifies the signals, and transmits the signals to an ODU. 3. ODU a. Separates analog IF signals, ODU OAM signals, and -48 V power supply signals. b. Converts the analog IF signals to RF signals of the transmitting frequency through up conversion and signal amplification. c. Transmits the RF signals to the antenna through waveguide. l EDI Functions The RCMUA board reads EDI input information periodically, and reports alarm generation or clearance. Receiving Direction l EOW/SC Functions 1. ODU a. Separates and filters RF signals. b. Performs down conversion and signal amplification to convert RF signals to analog IF signals. c. Transmits the combined signals that consist of analog IF signals and ODU OAM signals to the RCMUA/ RMEA board through IF cables. 2. RCMUA 3-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 3 Service Processing Signal Flows Demodulates the received baseband signals. à Encapsulates EOW TDM packets into Ethernet packets, and sends them to the switching module. The switching module transfers the packets to the EOW logic module, where the packets are de-encapsulated and sent to the voice chip for voice output. à Sends SC packets to the switching module. The switching module transfers the packets to the SC logic module, where the packets are de-encapsulated, re-packed, and then transmitted. 3. RMEA Demodulates the packets from ODUs. à Encapsulates EOW TDM packets into Ethernet packets and sends them to the switching module of the RCMUA board. à Sends SC packets to the switching module of the RCMUA board. l EDI Functions The RCMUA board detects alarms in the system and generates EDI alarms. 3-7 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 3-8 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 4 System Principles Table of Contents System Clock Principle...............................................................................................4-1 Power Supply Principle...............................................................................................4-3 Operation and Maintenance Principle .........................................................................4-4 Reliability Principle .....................................................................................................4-7 4.1 System Clock Principle 4.1.1 Clock Synchronization Types For the input/output clock sources supported by the NR8120, refer to Table 4-1. Table 4-1 Input/Output Clock Sources Supported by the NR8120 Clock Source Type Description Standard Followed BITS clock The BITS clock signal is inputted/outputted from ITU-T G.813 standard the CLK IN/OUT port on the RCMUA panel. The BITS clock has two modes: 2 Mbps and 2 MHz. Users can configure the clock mode through software. SyncE synchronization The NR8120 supports Master-output/Slave-input ITU-T G.8262 gigabit/megabit mode. The synchronization Ethernet clock signal standard Ethernet clock is inputted/outputted from the gigabit/megabit Ethernet interface of RCMUA. Microwave air-interface The NR8120 restores the clock signal from the ITU-T G.813 standard clock air interface, and uses it as the system reference clock source. 1PPS+TOD clock The 1PPS+TOD clock signal is inputted/outputted ITU-T G.813 standard from the CLK IN/OUT port on the RCMUA panel. 4-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Clock Source Type Description Standard Followed 1588v2 clock The NR8120 supports the 1588v2 protocol. It ITU-T G.8263 inputs/outputs the 1588v2 data packets from the standard gigabit Ethernet port of the RCMUA, extracts the clock signal from the 1588v2 Slave interface, and uses the signal as the system reference clock source. The supported clock types include common clock, edge clock, and transparent clock. l If an NR8120 is used as a secondary common clock, it synchronizes with upper-level NEs through the 1588v2 protocol. If an NR8120 is used as a primary common clock, it outputs the clock signal to lower-level NEs through the 1588v2 protocol. l If an NR8120 is used as a transparent clock, it satisfies the clock synchronization requirement of terminal devices through the point-to-point existence delay modification for 1588v2 packets that are transparently transferred in the microwave network. l If an NR8120 is used as an edge clock, it forwards the clock synchronization signal in the microwave network to satisfy the clock synchronization requirement of terminal devices. Plesiochronous Digital The NR8120 extracts the clock signal from the E1 ITU-T G.823 standard Hierarchy (PDH) clock interface of the RTEA, and uses it as the system reference clock source. CES clock The NR8120 extracts E1 clock from the CES ITU-T G.823 standard service, and uses it as the system reference clock source. 4.1.2 Clock Synchronization Principles A microwave network that consists of NR8120s bears E1 services and Ethernet services. It is a synchronization network, synchronizing time in primary/secondary synchronization mode. An NE in the microwave network is taken as the primary clock, and synchronizes with the upper-level high-precision clock. It is configured with a high-precision local crystal oscillator, which is used for keeping the clock or as the primary clock when no external 4-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 4 System Principles high-precision clock is available. Other NEs in the network trace the primary clock, and control corresponding lower-level NEs in accordance with the primary clock. Figure 4-1 shows the clock signal transferring diagram of the NR8120. Figure 4-1 Clock Signal Transferring Diagram 1. After the system clock of IDU1 locks a reference clock source, it transfers the clock signal to IDU2 through microwave radio link or synchronization Ethernet, and works as the reference clock source of IDU2. 2. IDU2 can lock its system clock to the reference clock source and outputs the system clock signal to implement the clock transferring function. 4.2 Power Supply Principle The NR8120 uses the standard -48 V communication power supply. The external -48 V power supply is connected to the RPUB. The RPUB outputs 200 W. It provides functions including lightning surge protection, reverse-connection prevention, O-Ring, filtering, and input power monitoring. The RPUB provides the -48 V power supply to the RCMUA through the backplane. The RCMUA converts the -48 V power supply to low-voltage power supply, and provides it to the RTEA/RTEB and RMEA. The -48 V power supply is provided to at most two ODUs through the IF interface of the RCMUA/RMEA. Figure 4-2 shows the power distribution. Figure 4-2 Power Distribution 4-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description 4.3 Operation and Maintenance Principle 4.3.1 Configuration Modes The NR8120 provides various login methods and configuration management methods to facilitate equipment maintenance. Users can select appropriate connection configuration modes in accordance with actual conditions. l WEB configuration mode Users can manage the NR8120 through the HTTP protocol. After entering the IP address of an NR8120 in the Internet Explorer, users can log in to the WEB-formed LMT system and manage the NR8120. l Element Management System (EMS) configuration mode The back-end network management server operates as the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) server, and the front-end NR8120 operates as the SNMP client. The equipment configuration management is implemented through the SNMP software. This connection configuration mode helps users effectively manage and configure the equipment through the network management system. 4.3.2 Data Management The data management module helps users manage the NR8120 configuration data. It ensures that the configuration data can be issued to each service board reliably and accurately. Data Storage In the NR8120 system, the main control board uses a 192 MB flash to save data. The flash stores various files, including version files, configuration files, exception log files, and performance files. 4.3.3 Security Management The security management module helps Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) users maintain the operation rights, including querying rights, adding rights, deleting rights, and setting rights and passwords for users. The user rights hierarchy function is used to manage the equipment operation commands. The configuration right and browsing right are available to users. Those who only have the browsing right can only access the configuration window but cannot modify the configuration data. At most 10 users can be added through the security management module. There are three roles: administrator, operator, and browsing user. l The administrator can perform all query operations and configuration operations, and add or delete users. 4-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 4 System Principles l An operator can perform query operations and configuration operations. l A browsing user can only perform query operations. All users can modify their own passwords. The security management module also provides the IP rule filtering function and the Trap IP control-table enabling function for the NetNumen U31 system. Figure 4-3 shows the security management signal flow. Figure 4-3 Security Management Signal Flow 4.3.4 Alarm Management Alarm Management Functions The alarm management module is one of the application modules of the product application subsystem. It provides the following functions: l Monitors the operating status of each module/unit in the system, and collects status messages, alarm messages, and alarm recovery messages of each monitored unit. l Analyzes these messages and sends them to the back-end after appropriate processing, It enables the back-end network management system to monitor the entire system operations in real time. l Notifies relevant application systems to troubleshoot faults in accordance with the alarm influence range. l Reflects the real-time operating status of the equipment, software, and environment, and locates faulty units accurately in real time. l Provides detailed information of fault descriptions and fault occurring time. l Provides possible fault causes, troubleshooting solutions, and suggestions. Alarm Management Mechanism Figure 4-4 shows the alarm management mechanism. 4-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Figure 4-4 Alarm Management Mechanism l The main control board stores all the alarm bitmap information of the equipment, and collects alarm information of each board through the alarm collection management function. Each board can also automatically reports alarm information to the alarm agent module. l The agent management function reconstructs alarm information. The alarm agent module extracts useful alarm information and sends it to the main control board. The main control board manages alarm information in a unified manner. 4.3.5 Monitoring and Maintenance The monitoring and maintenance module helps users not only find all faults of the equipment but also troubleshoot the faults in a timely manner. It ensures proper operations of the equipment. Equipment Monitoring l The maintenance terminal provides all alarm information of the equipment and monitors the status and operations of the equipment in real time. It handles all abnormal alarms that affect the equipment operations in a timely manner to ensure that the equipment can operate properly. l Alarm information is divided into four levels: à critical à major à minor à warning Alarm levels enable users to handle critical alarms as soon as possible. 4-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 4 System Principles l Indicators are designed on the power board, main control board, and each controlled board. The color and flashing frequency of each indicator reflects the operating status of the corresponding board, whether the board has an alarm, and the alarm level. l When the equipment is being started, the system gives a sound prompt, indicating whether the equipment is powered on properly. The system also provides sound alarm and rotating speed alarm for the fans if they are faulty. l The system can use the 1+1 radio link configuration. When the active equipment becomes faulty, the system automatically performs active/standby equipment changeover to ensure that the system can operate properly. Equipment Maintenance l The multi-user operation mode is implemented through the user rights hierarchy. l During the equipment operating process, all alarm information is recorded. When a fault occurs, users can find the fault causes through the log information and troubleshoot the fault in a timely manner. l When the equipment is powered down or restarts, the system provides a special alarm handling policy to ensure that the original alarm information will not be lost after the equipment is powered on or restarted. l Association or filtering shielding processing is performed for redundant alarms of the equipment, ensuring that important alarms are provided. l In the LMT system, users check the operating status of the equipment. l In the LMT system, users can check the service performance data of the equipment, including 15-minute performance data of one day and 24-hour performance data of 10 days. 4.3.6 Diagnosis and Debugging The NR8120 provides various diagnosis and debugging methods, helping users get sufficient debugging information during the equipment debugging process. The NR8120 provides a dedicated diagnosis and debugging command mode and complete diagnosis and debugging functions. Users can check the equipment at any time, and remotely find and locate faults. 4.3.7 Software Upgrading The NR8120 supports software upgrading through Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) or Element Management System (EMS). 4.4 Reliability Principle 4.4.1 Hardware Reliability The NR8120 system uses redundancy design to improve the hardware reliability. 4-7 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description l Power supply protection The system power supply supports 1+1 backup protection. l Air interface protection The system supports three protection modes: 1+1 hot backup protection, 1+1 space diversity protection, and 1+1 frequency diversity protection. 4.4.2 Software Reliability l The software development of the NR8120 complies with the Capability Maturity Model (CMM) specification. l Unified and portable system platform The NR8120 uses a modularized software system platform, which completely shields the hardware features and makes the application layer independent of the hardware. It provides a unified and portable system platform for various applications. l Hierarchical modularized structure The NR8120 uses a hierarchical modularized software structure to implement a high cohesion and low coupling. It reduces the influence of an errored software module on other software modules to the minimum extent. l Hot-patch upgrading The NR8120 supports upgrading software by installing the software patch. The software of a controlled board can be upgraded online without affecting the main control board. It improves the service transmission capability as well as the system availability and service quality. 4.4.3 Data Reliability The NR8120 provides a strict data protection mechanism. l It supports automatically backing up the database of the active board to the Flash storage area. In this way, the active board can acquire the data directly from the Flash storage area. l It provides the active/standby 1+1 protection mode for the radio link to ensure the service transmission data reliability. The active/standby 1+1 protection mode has the following three types: à 1+1 space diversity protection à 1+1 frequency diversity protection à 1+1 hot backup protection l The version management function enables the system to initiate the version consistency check periodically. If data inconsistency is found, an alarm is reported, and the incorrect software version is prohibited to be activated and loaded. The system also notifies users to re-download the software version package to recover the data. 4-8 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 5 Radio Protection Configurations Table of Contents 1+0 No-Protection Configuration ................................................................................5-1 1+1 HSB Configuration...............................................................................................5-2 1+1 SD Configuration .................................................................................................5-4 1+1 FD Configuration .................................................................................................5-5 5.1 1+0 No-Protection Configuration Configuration Requirements Note: The configuration requirements described in this chapter are only suitable for one-hop links. Component Quantity Indoor Unit (IDU) 2 Radio Core Cross Modem Unit A (RCMUA) 2 Outdoor Unit (ODU) 2 Antenna 2 Intermediate Frequency (IF) cable 2 5-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description 1+0 No-Protection Configuration Illustration Figure 5-1 1+0 No-Protection Configuration Illustration 1+0 No-Protection System Block Diagram Figure 5-2 1+0 No-Protection System Block Diagram In the 1+0 no-protection configuration, a microwave link has only one operating channel and does not have any standby channel. 5.2 1+1 HSB Configuration Configuration Requirements HSB is short for Hot Standby. This configuration mode is applied for RCMUAs, RMEAs, and active/standby ODUs. The active/standby ODUs are installed on the same antenna through a combiner. Component Quantity IDU 2 RCMUA 2 Radio Modem Expansion A (RMEA) 2 ODU 4 Antenna 2 IF cable 4 5-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 5 Radio Protection Configurations Component Quantity Combiner 2 1+1 HSB Configuration Illustration Figure 5-3 1+1 HSB Configuration Illustration 1+1 HSB System Block Diagram Figure 5-4 1+1 HSB System Block Diagram l In the transmitting direction: Service signals are transmitted to the active RCMUA/RMEA and the standby RCMUA/RMEA. Normally, the active ODU transmits RF signals to the antennas while the standby ODU does not transmit signal. When the active RCMUA/RMEA or ODU becomes faulty, the active ODU stops transmitting signals and the standby ODU starts transmitting signals. l In the receiving direction: The antenna splits RF signals to the corresponding active ODU and the standby ODU. Normally, the system selects the service signal from the active RCMUA/RMEA. When 5-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description the active RCMUA/RMEA becomes faulty, the system automatically starts board-level protection and performs active/standby board changeover, and the corresponding active/standby ODUs are changed over too. 5.3 1+1 SD Configuration Configuration Requirements SD is short for Space Diversity. This configuration mode is applied for channels. Two spatially-separated antennas are used to receive the same signal. The system selects the optimal one from the two received signals, which minimizes the impact of attenuation on signal transmission. Component Quantity IDU 2 RCMUA 2 RMEA 2 ODU 4 Antenna 4 IF cable 4 1+1 SD Configuration Illustration Figure 5-5 1+1 SD Configuration Illustration 5-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 5 Radio Protection Configurations 1+1 SD System Block Diagram Figure 5-6 1+1 SD System Block Diagram l In the transmitting direction: Service signals are transmitted to the active RCMUA/RMEA and the standby RCMUA/RMEA. Normally, the active ODU transmits RF signals to the antenna while the standby ODU does not transmit signal. When the active RCMUA/RMEA or ODU becomes faulty, the active ODU stops transmitting signals and the standby ODU starts transmitting signals. l In the receiving direction: The system selects one channel of service signals with better signal quality from the two that are transmitted by the opposite-end active/standby ODUs. The two antennas transmit the received RF signals to the active/standby ODUs respectively. When the active channel becomes faulty or the Bit Error Rate (BER) reaches the threshold, the system automatically selects the service signal outputted by the standby RCMUA/RMEA. 5.4 1+1 FD Configuration Configuration Requirements FD is short for Frequency Diversity. This configuration mode is applied for channels. Two channels with a certain frequency spacing are used to transmit and receive the same signal. The system selects the optimal one from the received two signals, which minimizes the impact of attenuation on signal transmission. 5-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Component Quantity IDU 2 RCMUA 2 RMEA 2 ODU 4 Antenna 2 IF cable 4 Combiner 2 1+1 FD Configuration Illustration Figure 5-7 1+1 FD Configuration Illustration 1+1 FD System Block Diagram Figure 5-8 1+1 FD System Block Diagram l In the transmitting direction: 5-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 5 Radio Protection Configurations Service signals are transmitted to the active RCMUA/RMEA and the standby RCMUA/RMEA. The active ODU transmits RF signals with the F1 frequency to the antenna, and the standby ODU transmits RF signals with the F2 frequency to the antenna. F1 and F2 are scarcely correlated. l In the receiving direction: The active ODU and the standby ODU respectively extract RF signals of the F1 frequency and the F2 frequency from the signals received from the antenna. The system selects the service signal with better quality from the corresponding RCMUA/RMEA. 5-7 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 5-8 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 6 Networking Modes Table of Contents Overview ....................................................................................................................6-1 Point-to-Point Networking Mode .................................................................................6-1 Chain Networking Mode .............................................................................................6-2 Tree Networking Mode ...............................................................................................6-2 6.1 Overview The NR8120 is often applied as end equipment in a chain microwave network or a tree microwave network. Figure 6-1 NR8120 Networking Diagram 6.2 Point-to-Point Networking Mode The NR8120 supports Point-To-Point (PTP) networking mode. In a PTP network, services between two nodes are directly transmitted through microwave, see Figure 6-2. 6-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Figure 6-2 Point-to-Point Network 6.3 Chain Networking Mode The NR8120 supports chain networking mode. In a chain network, all microwave transmission nodes are linked one by one as a chain, and the first node and the last node of the chain are open, see Figure 6-3. Figure 6-3 Chain Network 6.4 Tree Networking Mode The NR8120 supports tree networking mode. In a tree network, several chain topologies are connected through some NE nodes, and there is no loop in the network, see Figure 6-4. Figure 6-4 Tree Network 6-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 6 Networking Modes Note: In a tree network, the NR8120 is normally used as an end node or an intermediate node connecting two nodes. 6-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 6-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance Table of Contents Operation & Maintenance Solution .............................................................................7-1 LMT............................................................................................................................7-1 NetNumen U31 System..............................................................................................7-2 7.1 Operation & Maintenance Solution The NR8120 system supports the following two operation & maintenance solutions: l Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) l NetNumen U31 centralized network management system 7.2 LMT 7.2.1 Functions LMT is a Web-based local maintenance terminal, which is embedded in the IDU. User can use the Internet Explorer on a Personal Computer (PC) to log in to and manage a single Network Element (NE) without installing additional client software. LMT provides the following NE-level management functions: l Alarm management l Configuration management l Performance management l Maintenance management l Security management 7.2.2 Networking After connecting a PC to the IDU through an Ethernet cable, users can access the equipment through the Internet Explorer on the PC. Figure 7-1 shows the networking diagram. 7-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Figure 7-1 Local Networking Diagram Users can access IDU1 to IDU6 through the LMT software embedded in each IDU. Users can log in to an IDU through the PC and perform management functions such as alarm management and configuration management. 7.3 NetNumen U31 System 7.3.1 Functions The NetNumen U31 system is an Element Management System (EMS). Users can access the NetNumen U31 server through a NetNumen U31 client to accomplish the unified management of all Network Elements (NEs) in the network. The NetNumen U31 system provides NE-level management functions. It also supports the function of connecting upper-layer network management systems. The NetNumen U31 system provides the following NE-level management functions: l Alarm management l Configuration management l Performance management l Security management l Topology Management 7.3.2 Networking l Local networking mode In the local networking mode, the NetNumen U31 server, clients, and IDUs are all located in the same LAN, and are connected with each other through Ethernet. Figure 7-2 shows the networking mode. 7-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance Figure 7-2 Local Networking Diagram l Remote networking mode In the remote networking mode, clients, NEs, or both clients and NEs are located remotely. Figure 7-3 shows an example of the remote networking mode when clients are located remotely. 7-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Figure 7-3 Remote Networking Diagram l Hybrid networking mode The hybrid networking mode is a combination of the local networking mode and the remote networking mode, see Figure 7-4. 7-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance Figure 7-4 Hybrid Network Diagram 7-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 7-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications Table of Contents System Specifications ................................................................................................8-1 Radio Frequency ........................................................................................................8-2 System Capacity ........................................................................................................8-2 Power.........................................................................................................................8-4 Physical Specifications .............................................................................................8-11 Reliability..................................................................................................................8-12 8.1 System Specifications Item Specification Frequency stability ±5 ppm (guaranteed value) Protection switchover time Ethernet ring network (ERPS G.8032): 50 ms E1 SNCP: 50 ms 1+1: 300 ms RSTP: 1-2 s STP: 50 s Upper limit of receive level -20 dBm (no error bit) Received Signal Strength -20 dBm to -90 dBm Indicator (RSSI) Modulation Mode QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64QAM/128QAM/256QAM Operating environment IDU: -20 ℃ to +55 ℃ temperature ODU: -33 ℃ to +55 ℃ IDU: < 95% (35 ℃) Operating environment humidity ODU: < 100% Transportation and storage ODU and IDU: -40 ℃ to +70 ℃ environment temperature 8-1 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description 8.2 Radio Frequency 8.2.1 Channel Spacing Frequency Modulation Mode Channel Spacing (MHz) All frequency bands QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64QAM/128 7/14/28/56 QAM/256QAM 8.2.2 ODU Transceiving Spacing Frequency Frequency Range (GHz) Transceiving Spacing (MHz) Band 6 GHz 5.8-7.1 252.04, 340 7 GHz 7.11-7.9 154, 161, 168, 196, 245 8 GHz 7.725-8.5 119, 126, 151.614, 154, 208, 266, 294.44, 305.56, 310, 311.32 10 GHz 10.15-10.68 91, 350 11 GHz 10.7-11.7 490, 500, 530 13 GHz 12.75-13.25 266 15 GHz 14.4-15.35 315, 420, 490, 728 18 GHz 17.7-19.7 1010, 1008, 1560 23 GHz 21.2-23.6 1008, 1200, 1232 26 GHz 24.5-26.5 1008 28 GHz 27.5-29.5 1008 32 GHz 31.8-33.4 812 38 GHz 37.0-39.5 1260 8.3 System Capacity Modulation Capacity Bandwidth Mode Air Interface TDM (Max) Ethernet (Max) QPSK 10 Mbps 3 E1 9 Mbps–11 Mbps 7 MHz 16QAM 19 Mbps 8 E1 18 Mbps–23 Mbps 32QAM 24 Mbps 10 E1 23 Mbps–29 Mbps 8-2 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications Modulation Capacity Bandwidth Mode Air Interface TDM (Max) Ethernet (Max) 64QAM 29 Mbps 13 E1 28 Mbps–36 Mbps 128QAM 34 Mbps 15 E1 33 Mbps–43 Mbps 256QAM 40 Mbps 18 E1 39 Mbps–50 Mbps QPSK 19 Mbps 8 E1 18 Mbps–23 Mbps 16QAM 40 Mbps 18 E1 39 Mbps–50 Mbps 32QAM 49 Mbps 22 E1 48 Mbps–62 Mbps 14 MHz 64QAM 63 Mbps 28 E1 62 Mbps–79 Mbps 128QAM 74 Mbps 34 E1 73 Mbps–94 Mbps 256QAM 86 Mbps 39 E1 85 Mbps–108 Mbps QPSK 40 Mbps 18 E1 38 Mbps–50 Mbps 16QAM 85 Mbps 39 E1 84 Mbps–107 Mbps 32QAM 105 Mbps 48 E1 104 Mbps–132 Mbps 28 MHz 64QAM 132 Mbps 61 E1 131 Mbps–167 Mbps 128QAM 159 Mbps 73 E1 158 Mbps–201 Mbps 256QAM 180 Mbps 75 E1 179 Mbps–229 Mbps QPSK 86 Mbps 39 E1 85 Mbps–109 Mbps 16QAM 175 Mbps 75 E1 174 Mbps–223 Mbps 32QAM 219 Mbps 75 E1 218 Mbps–278 Mbps 56 MHz 64QAM 272 Mbps 75 E1 271 Mbps–346 Mbps 128QAM 317 Mbps 75 E1 316 Mbps–403 Mbps 256QAM 365 Mbps 75 E1 364 Mbps–464 Mbps Note: The Ethernet service throughput is related to the actual modulation/demodulation mode and channel bandwidth. 8-3 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description 8.4 Power 8.4.1 Transmit Power SRU ODU Frequency Modulation Mode Max Transmit Power Min Transmit Power (dBm) (dBm) 7 GHz QPSK 28 -2 16QAM 24 -6 32QAM 24 64QAM/128QAM 24/231 256QAM 24/232 8 GHz QPSK 28 -2 16QAM 24 -6 32QAM 24 64QAM/128QAM 24/223 256QAM 24/234 10 GHz QPSK 26.5/245 2/06 16QAM 22.5/20.57 32QAM 22/19.58 1. The transmit power of 7 M/14 M/28 M bandwidth is 24 dBm, and the transmit power of 56 M bandwidth is 23 dBm. 2. The transmit power of 7 M/14 M/28 M bandwidth is 24 dBm, and the transmit power of 56 M bandwidth is 23 dBm. 3. The transmit power of 7 M/14 M/28 M bandwidth is 24 dBm, and the transmit power of 56 M bandwidth is 22 dBm. 4. The transmit power of 7 M/14 M/28 M bandwidth is 24 dBm, and the transmit power of 56 M bandwidth is 23 dBm. 5. The transmit power of 350 M frequency spacing is 26.5 dBm, and the transmit power of 91 M fre- quency spacing is 24 dBm. 6. The transmit power of 350 M frequency spacing is 2 dBm, and the transmit power of 91 M frequency spacing is 0 dBm. 7. The transmit power of 350 M frequency spacing is 22.5 dBm, and the transmit power of 91 M fre- quency spacing is 20.5 dBm. 8. The transmit power of 350 M frequency spacing is 22 dBm, and the transmit power of 91 M frequency spacing is 19.5 dBm. 8-4 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications Frequency Modulation Mode Max Transmit Power Min Transmit Power (dBm) (dBm) 64QAM/128QAM 20.5/189 256QAM 18/1610 11 GHz QPSK 28 6 16QAM 25 32QAM 24 64QAM/128QAM 22 256QAM 20 13/15 GHz QPSK 26 -4 16QAM 24 -6 32QAM 24 64QAM/128QAM 23 256QAM 22 18 GHz QPSK 25 -5 16QAM 23 -6 32QAM 23 64QAM/128QAM 22 256QAM 21 23 GHz QPSK 24 -6 16QAM 22 32QAM 22 64QAM 21 128QAM 21/2011 256QAM 20 9. The transmit power of 350 M frequency spacing is 20.5 dBm, and the transmit power of 91 M fre- quency spacing is 18 dBm. 10. The transmit power of 350 M frequency spacing is 18 dBm, and the transmit power of 91 M frequency spacing is 16 dBm. 11. The transmit power of 7 M/14 M/28 M bandwidth is 21 dBm, and the transmit power of 56 M bandwidth is 20 dBm. 8-5 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Frequency Modulation Mode Max Transmit Power Min Transmit Power (dBm) (dBm) 26 GHz QPSK 25 -5 16QAM 22 -6 32QAM 22 64QAM/128QAM 19 256QAM 17 28 GHz QPSK 25 -5 16QAM 22 -6 32QAM 21 64QAM/128QAM 19 256QAM 17 32 GHz QPSK 23 -3 16QAM 21 32QAM 20 64QAM/128QAM 17 256QAM 15 38 GHz QPSK 23 -6 16QAM 20 32QAM 19 64QAM/128QAM 17 256QAM 15 A400 ODU Frequency Modulation Mode ransmit Power (dBm) QPSK 29 16QAM 26 6/7/8 GHz 32QAM 23 64QAM/128QAM 21 256QAM 20 8-6 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications Frequency Modulation Mode ransmit Power (dBm) QPSK 25 16QAM 21 10/11/13 GHz 32QAM 19 64QAM/128QAM 17 256QAM 16 QPSK 23 16QAM 20 15 GHz 32QAM 19 64QAM/128QAM 17 256QAM 16 QPSK 24 16QAM 20 18/23 GHz 32QAM 18 64QAM/128QAM 15 256QAM 14 QPSK 22 16QAM 18 26/28 GHz 32QAM 17 64QAM/128QAM 14 256QAM 13 QPSK 22 16QAM 17 32 GHz 32QAM 16 64QAM/128QAM 13 256QAM 12 QPSK 18 16QAM 14 38 GHz 32QAM 13 64QAM/128QAM 10 256QAM 9 8-7 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Note: The guaranteed value of transmit power is within the range from -2.0 dB to +2.0 dB. 8.4.2 Threshold Power SRU ODU Threshold Power (dBm) Modulation Frequency 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz Mode Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth QPSK -93 -90 -87 -84 16QAM -87 -84 -81 -78 32QAM -84 -81 -78 -75 7/8GHz 64QAM -81 -78 -75 -72 128QAM -78 -75 -72 -69 256QAM -75 -72 -69 -66 QPSK -92 -89 -86 -83 16QAM -86 -83 -80 -77 10/11/13/1 32QAM -83 -80 -77 -74 5GHz 64QAM -80 -77 -74 -71 128QAM -77 -74 -71 -68 256QAM -74 -71 -68 -65 QPSK -91 -88 -85 -82 16QAM -85 -82 -79 -76 32QAM -82 -79 -76 -73 18/23 GHz 64QAM -79 -76 -73 -70 128QAM -76 -73 -70 -67 256QAM -73 -70 -67 -64 8-8 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications Threshold Power (dBm) Modulation Frequency 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 56 MHz Mode Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth QPSK -91 -88 -85 -82 16QAM -85 -82 -79 -76 32QAM -82 -79 -76 -73 26/28 GHz 64QAM -79 -76 -73 -70 128QAM -76 -73 -70 -67 256QAM -73 -70 -67 -64 QPSK -90 -87 -84 -81 16QAM -84 -81 -78 -75 32QAM -81 -78 -75 -72 32/38GHz 64QAM -78 -75 -72 -69 128QAM -75 -72 -69 -66 256QAM -72 -69 -66 -63 Note: l The guaranteed value of threshold power is +3 dB. l The Bit Error Rate (BER) is 10-6. A400 ODU Threshold Power (dBm) Modu- Fre- 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 40 MHz 50 MHz 56MHz lation quency Band- Band- Band- Band- Band- Band- Mode width width width width width width QPSK -93 -91 -88 -86 -86 -85 16QAM -88 -85.5 -82 -79 -78 -79 6/7/8 32QAM -85 -82 -78.5 -76 -76 -75.5 GHz 64QAM -82 -79 -76 -74 -72 -73 128QAM -79 -76 -72 -70 -69 -70 256QAM -76 -73 -69 -65 -64 -67 8-9 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Threshold Power (dBm) Modu- Fre- 7 MHz 14 MHz 28 MHz 40 MHz 50 MHz 56MHz lation quency Band- Band- Band- Band- Band- Band- Mode width width width width width width QPSK -92.5 -90 -88 -87 -86 -85 16QAM -87 -86 -82 -80 -79 -79 10/11/13 32QAM -84 -83 -78.5 -77 -75 -76 /15GHz 64QAM -81 -80 -75.5 -74 -73 -73 128QAM -78 -77 -72 -71 -70 -70 256QAM -75.5 -73.5 -69 -68 -67 -67 QPSK -91 -88.5 -85 -82 -82 -82.5 16QAM -85.5 -82.5 -79 -76 -75 -76.5 18/23 32QAM -82 -79.5 -76 -73 -74 -73 GHz 64QAM -80 -76.5 -74 -71 -70 -70 128QAM -76.5 -73.5 -70.5 -67 -66 -67 256QAM -73.5 -70.5 -67.5 -62 -62 -64 QPSK -91 -88 -85 -82 -82 -82 16QAM -85 -82 -79 -77 -77 -76 26/28 32QAM -82 -79 -76 -73 -74 -73 GHz 64QAM -80 -76 -74 -70 -70 -70 128QAM -76 -73 -70 -68 -67 -67 256QAM -73 -70 -67 -64 -64 -64 QPSK -90.5 -88 -86 -84 -82 -82 16QAM -84.5 -81.5 -79.5 -76 -76 -76 32/38 32QAM -81.5 -79 -75.5 -73 -74 -73 GHz 64QAM -79.5 -77 -72.5 -71 -72 -69 128QAM -76.5 -73 -70.5 -70 -69 -66.5 256QAM -73.5 -70 -66.5 -65 -66 -64 Note: l The guaranteed value of threshold power is +3 dB. l The Bit Error Rate (BER) is 10-6. 8-10 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications 8.5 Physical Specifications 8.5.1 Dimensions IDU (mm) SRU ODU (mm) A400 ODU (mm) 482.6 × 44.2 × 199 (W 261.7 ×87 ×245.5 (W × 6-11 GHz 13-38 GHz × H × D) H × D) 360 × 360 × 129 (W × 239 × 247 × 75 (W × H H × D) × D) 8.5.2 Weight IDU SRU ODU A400 ODU 4.0 kg (two directions) 4 kg 6-11 GHz 13-38 GHz 3.5 kg 3 kg 8.5.3 Power Supply Input Voltage Voltage Range -48 V DC -40 V DC to -60 V DC 8.5.4 Power Consumption Note: The power consumption indexes are specified for cases when the operating temperature is 25 ℃. Item Power Consumption Description RCMUA 37.8 W The power consumption values of these boards RMEA 13.6 W are given in the case that the throughputs of RTEA 2.6 W such boards reach the maximum. RTEB 9 RPUB 1.1 W The power consumption value is given in the case of full load. 8-11 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description Item Power Consumption Description RFAD 8W Middle speed: 3.5 W Fast speed: 8 W Full speed: 10 W A400 ODU 29 W (6-8 GHz) The power consumption value is given in 19 W (10-38 GHz) the case that the ODU's transmission power reaches the maximum. SRU ODU 9 W (28/32 GHz) The power consumption value is given in 28 W (7/8/13/15 GHz) the case that the ODU's transmission power 27 W (23/38 GHz) reaches the maximum. 30 W (10/11/18/26 GHz) 8.6 Reliability 8.6.1 Security l The IDU complies with the IEC 60950 standard. l The ODU complies with the IEC 60950 standard. 8.6.2 Fault Tolerance l Residual BER: < 10-12 (RSL = -30 dBm~-59 dBm) l Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF): ≥ 200,000 hours l Mean Time To Recovery (MTTR): ≤ 1 hour 8.6.3 EMC l The IDU complies with standards: à EN 301 489-1 à EN 301 489-4 à IEC 610000 à EN 55022/CISPR22 l The ODU complies with standards: à EN 301 489-4 à IEC 610000 à EN 55022/CISPR22 8-12 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Chapter 8 Technical Specifications 8.6.4 Operations l The operations on an IDU comply with the ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 standard. l The operations on an ODU comply with the ETSI EN 300 019-2-2 standard. 8.6.5 Storage l The storage of IDUs complies with the ETSI EN 300 019-2-2 standard. l The storage of ODUs complies with the ETSI EN 300 019-2-2 standard. 8.6.6 Protection Class l The protection class of IDUs is IEC 60529 IP20. l The protection class of ODUs is IEC 60529 IP65. 8-13 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description This page intentionally left blank. 8-14 SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Figures Figure 1-1 Components of the NR8120 System ........................................................ 1-1 Figure 1-2 IDU .......................................................................................................... 1-2 Figure 2-1 System Logical Architecture..................................................................... 2-1 Figure 2-2 Hardware Architecture of the IDU............................................................. 2-2 Figure 2-3 SRU ODU ................................................................................................ 2-3 Figure 2-4 A400 ODU (6 GHz–11 GHz) .................................................................... 2-4 Figure 2-5 A400 ODU (13GHz–38 GHz) ................................................................... 2-5 Figure 2-6 Software Architecture............................................................................... 2-6 Figure 3-1 TDM Service Flow ................................................................................... 3-1 Figure 3-2 Ethernet Service Flow.............................................................................. 3-3 Figure 3-3 Auxiliary Service Flow.............................................................................. 3-5 Figure 4-1 Clock Signal Transferring Diagram........................................................... 4-3 Figure 4-2 Power Distribution.................................................................................... 4-3 Figure 4-3 Security Management Signal Flow ........................................................... 4-5 Figure 4-4 Alarm Management Mechanism............................................................... 4-6 Figure 5-1 1+0 No-Protection Configuration Illustration ............................................. 5-2 Figure 5-2 1+0 No-Protection System Block Diagram ............................................... 5-2 Figure 5-3 1+1 HSB Configuration Illustration ........................................................... 5-3 Figure 5-4 1+1 HSB System Block Diagram.............................................................. 5-3 Figure 5-5 1+1 SD Configuration Illustration.............................................................. 5-4 Figure 5-6 1+1 SD System Block Diagram ................................................................ 5-5 Figure 5-7 1+1 FD Configuration Illustration.............................................................. 5-6 Figure 5-8 1+1 FD System Block Diagram ................................................................ 5-6 Figure 6-1 NR8120 Networking Diagram................................................................... 6-1 Figure 6-2 Point-to-Point Network ............................................................................. 6-2 Figure 6-3 Chain Network ......................................................................................... 6-2 Figure 6-4 Tree Network ........................................................................................... 6-2 Figure 7-1 Local Networking Diagram ....................................................................... 7-2 Figure 7-2 Local Networking Diagram ....................................................................... 7-3 Figure 7-3 Remote Networking Diagram ................................................................... 7-4 Figure 7-4 Hybrid Network Diagram .......................................................................... 7-5 I 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II SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Tables Table 1-1 ODU.......................................................................................................... 1-2 Table 1-2 Functions of the NR8120 ........................................................................... 1-3 Table 2-1 Logical Slots of the Boards ........................................................................ 2-3 Table 4-1 Input/Output Clock Sources Supported by the NR8120 ............................. 4-1 III SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Tables This page intentionally left blank. IV SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Glossary ACM - Adaptive Coding and Modulation API - Application Programming Interface ATPC - Automatic Transmit Power Control BER - Basic Encode Rule BSP - Board Support Package CFM - Connectivity Fault Management CMM - Capability Maturity Model CU - Core Unit DBS - Database System DRR - Deficit Round Robin DSCP - Differentiated Services Code Point EDI - External Device Interface EFM - Ethernet in the First Mile EMS - Element Management System EOW - Engineering Order-Wire ERPS - Ethernet Ring Protection Switching FD - Full Duplex V SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description HSB - Hot Standby IDU - Indoor Unit IF - intermediate Frequency LACP - Link Aggregation Control Protocol LAG - Link Aggregation Group LLDP - Link Layer Discovery Protocol LMT - Local Maintenance Terminal MAC - Medium Access Control MPLS - Multiprotocol Label Switching MTBF - Mean Time Between Failures MTTR - Mean Time To Recovery MU - Modulation Unit NE - Network Element NMS - Network Management System O&M - Operation & Maintenance OAM - Operation, Administration and Maintenance ODU - Outdoor Unit OS - Operating System OSPF - Open Shortest Path First VI SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential Glossary PC - Personal Computer PDH - Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy PTP - Point-To-Point QoS - Quality of Service RCMUA - Radio Core Cross Modem Unit A RF - Radio Frequency RFA - Radio Fan Asset RMEA - Radio Modem Expansion A RPUB - Radio Power Unit B RSSI - Received Signal Strength Indicator RTEA - Radio Traffic Expansion A SC - Service Channel SD - Space Diversity SDR - Software Defined Radio SNCP - Sub-Network Connection Protection SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol SP - Strict Priority SRU - Split Radio Unit TDM - Time Division Multiplexing VII SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential ZXMW NR8120 System Description TU - Tributary Unit VLAN - Virtual Local Area Network WRR - Weighted Round Robin VIII SJ-20130319141920-002|2013–05–10 (R1.0) ZTE Proprietary and Confidential