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THM

13

FUEL SYSTEM

13.1 - GENERAL NOTES ON THE FUEL SYSTEM
13.1.1. BASIC FUEL SYSTEM LAYOUT
13.1.2. BASIC FUEL TANKS AND "OPTIONAL" FUEL TANKS
13.1.3. FULL FEEDER TANK PRINCIPLE

13.2 - FUEL SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAMS
13.2.1. BASIC FUEL TANKS
13.2.2. ENGINE FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEMS

13.3 - FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS
13.3.1. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
13.3.2. BASIC FUEL TANKS COMPONENTS
13.3.3. ENGINE FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM COMPONENTS
13.3.4. CLOSE-UP ON THE FUEL FILTER

13.4 - FUEL SYSTEM ELECTRIC CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
13.4.1. BOOSTER PUMP CONTROL
13.4.2. TRANSFER PUMP CONTROL AND MONITORING
13.4.3. FUEL GAUGING
13.4.4. "LOW LEVEL" AND "HIGH LEVEL" INDICATIONS
13.4.5. FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM MONITORING

13.5 - "OPTIONAL" FUEL TANKS
13.5.1. CENTRE FUEL TANK (6TH)
13.5.2. SUPPLEMENTARY SPONSON FUEL TANKS
13.5.3. CABIN FUEL TANK
13.5.4. "OPTIONAL " FUEL TANKS TRANSFER

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
13.1

THM

13.1 - GENERAL NOTES ON THE FUEL SYSTEM : THE BASIC SYSTEM,
BASIC FUNCTIONS, OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
13.1.1. BASIC FUEL SYSTEM LAYOUT
( 1 ) There are two groups of fuel tanks : 1 per engine

GROUP 2 (RH)

2
6 BASIC FUEL TANKS 1

GROUP 1 (LH)

( 2 ) The engine fuel supply systems are completely separate

• Group 1 supplies Engine 1 (LH)
• Group 2 supplies Engine 2 (RH)

( 3 ) There is a FEEDER TANK in each fuel tank ( 4 ) Fuel can be transferred from one group to
group the other by means of a transfer pump

The two BOOSTER PUMPS which supply each engine
draw fuel from the feeder tank. The amount of fuel in each group can be balanced in
The feeder tanks REMAIN FULL as long as there is fuel flight.
in the other tanks. The booster pumps, which draw fuel In particular, should one engine fail, transferring fuel
from the full feeder tanks, cannot be unprimed. restores the aircraft balance, and, if required, makes it
possible for all the fuel to be used.
Further details are given below on how the fuel level in
the feeder tanks is monitored.
ENGINE 2
RH feeder tank

Transfer
2 booster pumps
pump

LH feeder tank

ENGINE 1

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
13.3

Fuel dumping system The optional fuel tanks are studied together with the basic system to en- sure coherence. BASIC FUEL TANKS AND "OPTIONAL" FUEL TANKS (Designation . THM 13.2. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.Pressure refueling system . it is also possible to use ferry tanks located in the cabin.g. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . may be in- stalled in the cabin. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13. fuel tank. optional equipment which meet the operators special needs may be fitted on the fuel system.4 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. Identification and Capacities of Fuel Tanks) GROUP 2 “ Supplementary is composed of tanks number : 2-4-7 325 liter for total capacity (on ground) of 1128 liter ’   RH Longitudinal tank Ž 236 liter Forward Forward Aft  tank transverse ‘Center tank 324 liter transverse Aft tank tank tank 246 liter 487 liter LH Longitudinal tank 405 liter Œ 246 liter 423 liter GROUP 1 is composed of tanks number : 1-3-5 for total capacity (on ground) of 915 liter ” Supplementary 325 liter The optional fuel tanks are numbered 6.792Kg/l A 10th. . : .1. E. © EUROCOPTER 1998. In addition to the optional fuel tanks. For very long distance flights. which empties into the LH group. Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . 8 and 9 The capacities indicated correspond to a "nose up" attitude of 0° 55' NOTE : REFER TO THE FLIGHT MANUAL FOR ACTUAL VALUE THE DENSITY USED TO CALCULATE QUANTITIES IS EQUAL TO 0.

which pre- ENGINE 1 vents fuel in the feeder tank from returning into the trans- verse tank (3) when the aircraft is parked on a slope (fac- ing the slope).1. Char- as long as there is fuel in the other tanks. by siphoning. Characteristic failures likely to result in a drop in verse tank . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. FULL FEEDER TANK PRINCIPLE The booster pumps (1) output towards the engines and the booster pumps fail. the feeder tank always remains full are empty and the booster pumps are switched off. In fact. Since The jet pump valves (4) prevent the engine fuel supply the flow rate induced by the jet pump is greater than the lines from being drained when the transverse fuel tanks engine consumption. from returning into fuel from the other tanks of the group to the feeder tank. a closed circuit : all the fuel from the pump is returned into the feeder tanks. transfers the charged by the pump in operation. This negative pressure draws the fuel from the tank (induced flow rate B). Should one of acteristic failures likely to result in a drop in the feeder tank fuel level will be discussed below. During refueling. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.3.5 . the feeder tank fuel level will be discussed below. B B ENGINE 2 A  Ž  ’  Œ An extension is fitted on the jet pump return. there is not just one valve but a small cross sec- tion valve at the bottom of the tank and a large cross When the transverse tank is empty. ENGINE 1 Œ Ž  2 1 2 3 4 5 C JET PUMP OPERATING PRINCIPLE The acceleration in the flow rate of inductor (A). bypassing the jet A check valve (3) allows the fuel to flow in the "trans. © EUROCOPTER 1998. Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . the jet pump acts as section valve near the top of the tank. this valve enables the feeder tanks to be filled up. the feeder tank via the failed pump.THM 13.feeder tank" direction only. 13. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . valves (2) prevent the fuel dis- supply a jet pump (5) which. This is the feeder tank return flow rate C (A + B). pump. caused by the convergent creates a negative pressure at the neck of the nozzle.

Hence.1. The three fuel contents indicator reading is well above 90 liters.FUEL SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAMS 13. Each of these also include a high level sensor and that of the feeder incidents results in the loss of the transfer function using tank has a low level sensor as well. or the feeder tank valve has jammed the total contents of the group. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. • Fuel gauging. THM 13.an incorrect indication (when light (8) comes on there It also comes on during refueling."FUEL" light on central warning panel 10WW Crossfeed lines at the top of the tanks enable the feeder FUNCTIONS ENSURED : tank to overflow into the transverse tank (jet pump or trans- fer pump flow rate greater than engine consumption).Booster pump control switches 5 . The feeder tank probe unit «low 16 liters to 38 liters. The fuel level in each tank is meas. . The high level indicator light the following consequences : (1) comes on when the high level is reached in all the tanks when fuel is transferred from one group to the other. This implies that the other fuel tanks of the group are Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . with • "High Level" indication. .possible unpriming of pumps. empty.Feeder tank check valve 6 . the probe units are connected to an indicator (7) which reads jet pump has failed.LH group fuel contents indicator 8 .Booster pump L T 4 . © EUROCOPTER 1998.6 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. the jet pump (the fuel level in the feeder tank and the other fuel tanks is balanced through check valve (5). • Engine fuel supply via two booster pumps (3). BASIC FUEL TANKS ( 1 ) LH group 1 L : Longitudinal fuel tank (feeder tank) T : Transverse fuel tank ENGINE 1 AFT : Aft fuel tank L T AFT 2 3 4 3 5 6 2 Fuel drain Water bleed 9 7 FUEL 8 Q < 90 liters 1 . when the high level is are still 350 liters in the LH group).an increase in the amount of non-consumable fuel from • "Low Level" warning.Jet pump 7 .2. reached in ALL THE TANKS. if when warning light (8) comes on. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13.Variable capacitance probe unit 3 . level» sensor illuminates warning light (8) when the fuel level in the feeder tank drops below 90 liters. The three probe units (2) open. • Transfer by the jet pump (explained above).2 . or BOTH PUMPS HAVE FAILED."High Level" indicator light 2 . .Feeder tank" Low Level" amber warning light 9 . the ured by a variable capacitance probe unit (2). This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . .

Booster pumps NOTE however that : 6 . 250 liters of fuel remain in 8 . when the "LOW LEVEL" 7 .Variable capacitance probe units All the functions described for the LH group 3 . It draws fuel from and discharges fuel into the feeder 1 2 tanks. to the right to trans- fer fuel into the RH group) the indicator light (1 or 2) corresponding to direction is lit. 13. BASIC FUEL TANKS (Cont'd) ( 2 ) RH group 1 FWD : Forward fuel tank T : Transverse fuel tank L : Longitudinal fuel tank (feeder tank) ENGINE 2 FWD T L Fuel drain Water bleed 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 5 2 7 8 FUEL 9 Q < 90 liters 1 . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.Feeder tank check valve 5 . © EUROCOPTER 1998.RH group fuel contents indicator OFF ( 3 ) Transfer function 3 The transfer pump (4). When the control switch (3) is set to "ON" (to the left to transfer fuel into the LH group.2.Feeder tank" Low Level" warning light the group. The "High Level" indicator light comes on to indicate to the pilot that he must stop the transfer operation.THM 13."FUEL" light on central warning panel 10WW warning light (8) comes on.Jet pump 4 . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.1. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . 9 ."High Level" indicator light FUNCTIONS ENSURED : 2 . 4 Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .7 . enables fuel to flow from one group of tanks to the other. which rotates in both directions.Booster pump control switches • Should the jet pumps fail.

THM 13.2. On the ground. The fuel pressure 8 . © EUROCOPTER 1998."Low Pressure" warning lights pressure drop read on the indicator). il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13.P = P1 . 10 . 3 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. 2 Sealed compartment 2 2 3 3 1 1 4 4 bar bar 7 7 5 5 6 PRESS PRESS 6 P < 150 mbar 8 8 10 9 9 10 P2 P2 12 12 11 11 P > 280 mbar 13 13 or 800 mbar FILT FILT (. The 9 . Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . • Filter Clogging indication. Indicator light (12) comes 1 . The fuel supply systems of the two engines are Opening is set for .45 °C filter). 1 ENG.45°C filter) .8 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.Thermal expansion check valve "normal" pressure range is from 0.P (P1-P2) = 140 mbar or 300 mbar (.2 bar. 6 ."Fuel shut-off" control levers (TELEFLEX flexible mechanical control) • "Low Pressure" indication.P = (P1 ."Filter clogging" indicator light during operations on the filter.P2) = 280 mbar or 800 opposite hand mbar (. Warning light (7) comes 4 .Filter (14 µ) 11 .Pressure transmitters failure of both booster pumps when running out of fuel.Fuel pressure indicators (graduated from 0 to 2bar) on when the pressure drops below 150 mbar (in case of 5 ."Battery cutout" microswitches (the closure of on for . when the 13 . it enables the thermal expansion of the fuel held in the engine inlet line.P = 140 mbar P1 or 300 mbar P1 P > 280 mbar Thermal (-45°C filter) or 800 mbar expansion (."Fuel shut-off" valves filter is fitted with a mechanical clogging indicator. Clogging of the filter causes the bypass to open.Flowmeter varies with the flow rate required by the engine.2.Differential pressure switch (. The following Calibration 1 bar interesting points should be noted : Free flow rate • Opening of bypass (11).45°C filter). both fuel shut-off valves cuts out the battery) The bypass is not open yet .P2) temperature rises.45°C filter) LH GROUP RH GROUP 9 The system operation is self-explanatory."Low Pressure" pressure switches (The failure of a single pump is noticed only by a slight 7 . ENGINE FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEMS ENG. .Filter bypass • Check valve (9) prevents the system from draining 12 .3 to 1. It will be seen below that the 2 .

18 -Green.Booster pump switch n° 4 RH group 16 -Green.Transfer switch 15 -Green. transfer indicating light .Amber warning light "PRESS" : reading longitudinal tanks low fuel pressure P < 150 m/b 13 -Discriminated reading selector : 3 . transfer indicating light: 5 . transfer indicating lights supplementary RH toward longitudinal RH from longitudinal to longitudinal 10 . 13.Content unit plate reading 600L cabin tank beneath which is located the unit selector 14 -Amber warning light "Low Level" 4 .Discriminated reading selector : 19 -Booster pump switch LH group n° 1 reading supplementary tanks 20 -Booster pump switch LH group n° 2 Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.9 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS 13.Amber warning light "FILT" : 11 -"AUTO TRANSFER" push-button filter pre-clogging 12 -Discriminated reading selector : 2 .THM 13.RH fuel content read-out 17 -LH fuel content read-out 9 . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. © EUROCOPTER 1998. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS FUEL PRESSURE INDICATORS FUEL SHUT OFF VALVES FUEL RH ENGINE LH ENGINE 1 2 3 4 5 20 19 18 6 7 FUEL MANAGEMENT PANEL 8 17 9 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 1 . transfer indicating light: 7 .Booster pump switch n° 3 RH group 600L tank toward LH longitudinal tank 6 .3.1.Amber warning light "High Level" LH supplementary tank toward LH longitudinal tank 8 .Green.3 .

THM 13. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . The interconnection between the fuel tanks is ensured ture) fuel cells are housed in bays in the lower structure.2. Fuel drain valve 7. Fuel dumping valve (optional) and the structure. © EUROCOPTER 1998. ( 2 ) Equipment Mounting Plates 1. 4. a mounting plate supports the 5. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. Note from the cabin (cabin floor). Transverse tank mounting plate The fuel cell skin is "held" between the mounting plate 3. by elastomer nipples. drained and ventilated.elastomer mix. BASIC FUEL TANKS COMPONENTS ( 1 ) General Note on the Fuel Tanks The flexible material (polyester support . Probe unit 8. Longitudinal tank mounting plate On the forward fuel tank. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13. Transverse tank jet pump The equipment items are secured to mounting plates. Water bleed valve Bleed valve mounting plate 3 2 1 Probe unit mounting plate Jet pump and "fuel dumping" valve mounting plate (as on forward transverse tank mounting plate) Probe unit mounting plate 4 7 5 8 8 9 6 9 Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .10 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. lined that all the fuel tanks may be equipped with the optional with laminate panels which protect the fuel cell skin "fuel dumping" and «pressure refueling» systems and against structural protuberances. Booster pump jet pump and probe unit. . there are optional "crash worthy fuel tanks" the flexible material of which is more resistant. 2. Booster pump 9. All the pipes inside the fuel tanks which are completely separated one from each other and are flexible (safety feature in the event of a crash).3. 6.

with a single pump operating..Jet mains full. the jet pump induced flow rate 16 .... : System figures..g. © EUROCOPTER 1998...Transfer pump line The pressure depends on the engine requirements : it drops as 2 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ..Delivery casing • Corresponding pump flow rate : . BASIC FUEL TANK COMPONENTS (Cont'd) ( 3 ) Booster and Jet Pumps 2 3 1 5 4 6 15 7 14 8 11 16 9 13 10 17 BOOSTER PUMP SPECIFICATION DATA • Type : Centrifugal (bladed rotor) • Explosion-proof motor with noise suppressor 12 18 • Nominal flow rate : 700 l/hr under 0...11 .2.Noise suppressor (as follows 310 l/hr for the engine and 175 l/hr 10 ..Check valve (one for each pump) operating..Line towards engine fuel supply system the consumption increases....750 bar 12 .. on the order of 310 l/hr 8 ......Jet pump strainer the upper interconnection lines.6 bar pressure 1 .. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed..Jet pump inlet tube Hence : 15 ...Pump housing E....... 485 l/hr 9 .. 3 ...Jet pump outlet tube is greater than the engine consumption : the feeder tank re- 17 .Jet pump inductor flow line 4 ..Electric motor 7 ... 350 l/hr 13 ...Jet pump body 14 . 13.Electric connector for the jet pump (inductor flow) 11 . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué...Strainer on pump suction line • Pump delivery pressure : ..Pump delivery pipe • Engine mean consumption : ......THM 13.. The excess fuel empties into the transverse tank via 18 ...3.. 0... Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ....Jet pump housing ...Jet pump base (access to strainer and jet) • Jet pump induced flow rate : . in cruising flight with JUST ONE PUMP 5 ........... 6 ..

Valve casing 3 . THM 13.Control lever 2 .Valve return spring 5 . Those of the longitudinal (feeder) tanks are also fitted with a low level sensor.all probe units have a shear area at their base. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .Plug 4 .Fuel drain valves . Moreover. © EUROCOPTER 1998. The electroplat- ing of tubes A and C is such that the capacitance is pro- portional to the level.1 water bleed valve per fuel tank (2 in the LH longitu.12 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.Bleed valve casing 4 . C The level signal (according to the capacitance) is ampli- Indicator fied then applied to the indicator. note : .Valve 2 . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13. tubes (A and C) which form the plates of a capacitor.Fuel passage opening 3 3 . If the impact is sufficient at the time of the crash.Valve drive shaft 3 6 Open WATER BLEED VALVE 1 2 1 .Valve push-button 5 Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . the PROBE UNIT dielectric (B) of which is fuel in the immersed area and air above that. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. dinal fuel tank) The probe unit consist of two concentric electroplated .2. BASIC FUEL TANK COMPONENTS (Cont'd) ( 4 ) Fuel probe units . FUEL DRAIN VALVE 1 2 4 5 Closed 1 . the probes PROBE OPERATING PRINCIPLE break thus preventing any damage to the upper area of the tanks.the probe units have a high level sensor (thermistor device).Valve return spring 4 5 .3. water bleed valve.1 probe unit per fuel tank The 7th fuel tank. not shown.Valve 6 . Amplifier . Since the dielectric constant of the fuel is A twice that of the air it is clear that the capacity of the B "probe-capacitor" depends on the level. .1 fuel drain valve on the longitudinal fuel tanks. has also a probe unit and a .Water bleed valves .

to the consumption of one engine.Lower check valve .Transfer pump drain line Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .Transfer pump ing flight. 9 . 8 .Filler neck 2 .13 . in cruis. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. © EUROCOPTER 1998. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. BASIC FUEL TANK COMPONENTS (Cont'd) ( 5 ) Transfer Pump and Miscellaneous Equipment Items 5 6 7 5 1 4 2 FEEDER TANK CROSSFEED LINES (Longitudinal tanks) 3 Towards RH feeder tank Towards LH feeder tank 8 9 TRANSFER PUMP TRANSFER PUMP SPECIFICATION DATA 1 .Strainer .Minimum flow rate : 350 l/hr under 80 mbar delivery 5 .3.Bladed pump 3 . the transfer pump flow rate corresponds. 13.Jet pump return line .Main check valve Note.Towards jet pump 7 .Upper interconnection lines pressure 6 .2.Two-way motor with noise suppressor 4 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .THM 13.

A 1 2 3 4 3 B Aircraft on its side Aircraft on its wheels Ball (B) pushes against Valve (A) is open. The fuel cannot passes.14 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13.2. 5 Metal screen 6 1 The vent housings are fitted with metal screens used as sand filters. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . © EUROCOPTER 1998. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. 1 . .Vent line 5 . The air valve (A). fuselage.Vent housing with protective screen 2 . THM 13. flow through the vent. BASIC FUEL TANK COMPONENTS (Cont'd) ( 6 ) Vents ROLL-OVER VALVE Each fuel tank is fitted with one or more vents (lines open but onto the sides of the fuselage).Roll-over safety valve-prevents fuel from spilling 3 . ( 7 ) Ventilation of Fuel Tank Bay The fuel tank bays are vented to atmosphere at the top and bottom by lines which open out onto the sides of the 1 -Housing with protective screen. 2 -Fuel vapor ventilation line 1 2 Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .Union for supplementary sponson fuel tank vent line overboard through the vent pipes in the event of 4 .3.Union for cabin tank transfer line and forward ferry tank 6 .Union for aft ferry tank transfer line aircraft rolling onto its side.

Leaktight filter housing 4 ."Pressure drop" pressure switch 6 .Fuel shut-off valve sealed box 10 3 . © EUROCOPTER 1998.Clogging indicator 6 7 . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. shockproof line.Fuel shut-off valve (integral passage type) 2 . 8 The hose between fuel shut-off valve and the engine is fire resistant (metal braid). 13.15 . STANDARD FILTER -45 °C FILTER Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .Filter bleed valve 8 .Thermal expansion check valve 9 The filter and the fuel shut-off valve are con- nected by a flexible.Pressure transmitter 5 .Filter (14 µ) 9 .THM 13.3. It is con- nected to the engine by a self-sealing union which enables it to be disconnected without 7 there being any fuel loss.Differential pressure switch 10 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.3. ENGINE FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM COMPONENTS ENGINE 2 ENGINE 1 1 2 Flexible mechanical 3 control 4 5 1 . fireproof.

Clogging valve 8 -Bowl bleed valve 4 . The indicator light comes on P1 FILT "filter starts to clog". P2 is the pressure at .P2 > 300 mbar. CLOSE-UP ON THE FUEL FILTER ( 1 ) ". It is this .P greater than 800 mbar and the telltale pops out.16 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.Filter cartridge (14 microns) 10 -Knurled knob (tightening the stirrup) ( 2 ) ".Differential pressure switch 6 -Filter bowl (composite material) 2 . P2 The pressure switch closes the indicator light (FILT) cir- cuit for P1 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . THM 13. .Bypass valve 9 -Bowl retaining stirrup 5 . P1 .45 °C Filter Clogging" Indication FUEL Bypass P1 is the pressure at the filter inlet. © EUROCOPTER 1998. Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .P2 represents the pressure drop in the (telltale visible) filter (. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.P which controls the bypass valve and the clogging indication. .P).45°C Filter" Components 1 Magnets 2 FILT 1 3 P1 P2 9 4 10 5 6 7 8 8 1 .3. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13.Clogging telltale 7 -Cartridge spring 3 .P > 800 mb the outlet.P > 300 mb Should the filter fully clog the bypass opens for .4.

. the bypass valve opens when . CLOSE-UP ON THE FUEL FILTER (cont'd) ( 1 ) Filter Components 1 2 13 4 P2 P1 3 5 4 12 5 11 6 10 7 8 9 14 1 .P2 > 140 mbar.P controls the bypass valve and the P1 FILT clogging indicator.P > 280 mb (indicator visible) P2 P1 is the pressure at the filter inlet and P2 is the pres- sure at the outlet. P1 . © EUROCOPTER 1998.P exceeds 280 mbar and the indicator is visible.3.THM 13. 13.Clogging indicator 7 -Cartridge spring 3 . The indicator light comes on: the filter is starting to clog. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.Differential pressure switch 6 -Filter bowl (composite) 2 . Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER .4.Filter cartridge (14 microns) 10 -Knurled button (for tightening yoke) ( 2 ) Filter Clogging Indicator FUEL Bypass .P) in the filter.Bypass valve 9 -Bowl retaining yoke 5 .P = 140 mb The pressure switch closes the indicator light circuit for P1 . If the filter clogs completely.17 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.Clogging valve 8 -Bowl bleed valve 4 . .P2 represents the pressure drop (.

13. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13."Transfer operation" indicator lights 1 toward toward LH "High Level" RH "High Level" detection 2 detection 2 LH RH 32Q Note the pump double power supply from an essential bus and a secondary bus Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . THM 13.FUEL SYSTEM ELECTRIC CONTROLS AND INDICATORS SIMPLIFIED ELECTRIC CIRCUITS 13.4. These 6 . 5 . TRANSFER PUMP CONTROL AND MONITORING Figure shows a transfer from the RH group to the LH group) 1 . .4. transfer to the right) 2 .RH longitudinal fuel tank (feeder tank) are the pumps which operate when the engines are started on the battery.LH group pump No. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . BOOSTER PUMP CONTROL ENG. 4 control switch Note : Each of the pumps has a separate power supply.2.18 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.RH group pump No.Transfer pump control switch (3 positions : neutral. transfer to the left.LH longitudinal fuel tank (feeder tank) Pumps 2 and 4 are powered from the battery direct bus. 1 control switch BAT 2 . 3 control switch 4 . 2 control switch 3PP SEC 4PP 3 .LH group pump No.4 . © EUROCOPTER 1998. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.RH group pump No. 2 5 6 31Q1 M M 31Q3 31Q2 M M 31Q4 17QN FUEL MANAGEMENT PANEL 1 2 3 4 DIRECT 1 .1. 1 ENG.

THM 13.19 . AUTO TRANSFER PUSH-BUTTON OPERATION OFF : Quantity per basic group including 6th tank AUTO : Quantity per side (basic + optional tanks) and automatic transfer Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. GROUP OFF AUTO Auto transfer TOTALIZER TOTALIZER LONG. © EUROCOPTER 1998. 13.3. FUEL GAUGING LH. EXT.4. CAB. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. GROUP RH. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .

© EUROCOPTER 1998. 1 reache high level. High High High Two situations must be considered : .4. sensor (2) conducts and activates logic circuit L2. LOW LEVEL L2 Low (90 liters) Transfer pump TRANSFER control + REFUELING L3 PRESSURE/ OPERATION GRAVITY L1 (d) L1 (c) L1 (b) L1 (a) HIGH LEVEL HIGH LEVEL HIGH LEVEL HIGH LEVEL High High High High 1 1 6th. L1 (b) L1 (c) L1 (a) HIGH LEVEL HIGH LEVEL HIGH LEVEL • "High Level" indication. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13. LH GROUP All the sensors are then closed. The tanks high level sensor activate the logic circuits L1 (a -b .on refueling : the indicator light comes on when the high level is SEC reached in ALL THE FUEL TANKS. which closes : the LOW warning light comes on. "LOW LEVEL" AND "HIGH LEVEL" INDICATIONS • "Low Level" indication. 2 NOTE : The electric "HIGH LEVEL" signal is also used to control the pres- sure refueling operation. . Transfer pump REFUELING control + TRANSFER When the fuel level in the feeder tank PRESSURE/ OPERATION L3 GRAVITY drops to 90l.20 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.on transfer : the indicator light 1 1 1 comes on when the fuel in all tanks ENG. ESS . tank ESS (optional) ENG. SEC RH GROUP 1 -High level sensors 2 -Low level sensors 2 L1 -High level logic circuits L2 -Low level logic circuits LOW LEVEL L3 -Logic circuits activated by Low the transfer pump control + (90 liters) Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. all the L1 logic circuits are activated and 2 close the indicator light circuit. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .c) which close.4. THM 13.

4.P = 140 mbar or 300 mbar LH GROUP RH GROUP 1 "Pressure drop" warning lights 2 "Filter clogging" warning lights 3 Differential pressure switches 4 "Pressure drop" pressure switches 5 System pressure indicators 6 Pressure transmitters Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . © EUROCOPTER 1998.5.21 . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM MONITORING ENG. 1 ESS ENG. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. 2 SEC bar bar 5 5 4 PRESS 1 PRESS 4 6 6 P < 150 mbar 3 P2 P2 3 P1 FILT 2 P1 FILT . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .THM 13. 13.

5. CENTRE FUEL TANK (6TH) 1 The 6th fuel tank communicates with the RH group transverse tank. THM 13. 2 3 4 1 .Mounting plate 6 6 .Vent line 4 . Its contents is monitored by a variable capacitance probe (4).5.Roll-over valve 3 .Vent housing 2 . This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .5 . © EUROCOPTER 1998.1. . il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13. SUPPLEMENTARY SPONSON FUEL TANKS 1 2 3 5th fuel tank vent 4 8 1 -Vent line 2 -Water bleed valve 3 -Fuel dump outlet (optional) 4 -Mounting plate 5 -Pressure refueling inlet (optional) 5 6 -Transfer solenoid valve 7 -Filler neck 8 -Probe unit 7 6 Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. which is connected to the RH group fuel contents indicator."OPTIONAL" FUEL TANKS 13.Water bleed valve 13.22 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.2.Probe unit 5 5 .

5. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER .Transfer solenoid valve The fuel cell is contained in a composite material (NOMEX .Attachment point on cabin floor (6 attachment points) 9 .Probe unit 2 .Fuel cell casing vent 6 .THM 13.Fuel cell casing 11 .Filler neck 4 .Transfer line in casing 8 .Accessories compartment 10 . no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.Vent line (connected to the main fuel tank vent) 3 .HONEYCOMB) casing Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . 13.Drain and bleed plug 5 .Transfer line 7 .23 . CABIN FUEL TANK 1 2 3 10 5 4 9 6 11 8 7 1 . © EUROCOPTER 1998.3.

The cabin fuel tank is connected top the LH longitudinal "AUTO TRANSFER " push-button to "off". which from the control box balances fuel transfer by operation of gate By pressing button "EXT" supplementary tanks content valves is read in the side respective read-out. . © EUROCOPTER 1998. no part of it shall be reproduced or transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed.4. During the transfer the corresponding green lights come By pressing "LONGI" longitudinal tanks content is read on with respect to the side. il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite 13. Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER . the fuel quantity per basic group (including the 6th when Those tanks being higher than basic tanks.5. read-out show tank. THM 13. By pressing "CAB" 600L tank is read in LH read-out. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER . "AUTO TRANSFER" push button to "on" read-out show the fuel quantity per side ( basic fuel group + optional • Fuel transfer tanks connected to it) Switching the "AUTO TRANSFER" push button to "on" • Discriminated fuel content reading results in an automatic transfer process. "OPTIONAL" FUEL TANKS TRANSFER LH LONGITUDINAL RH LONGITUDINAL TANK TANK The supplementary fuel tanks communicate with their • Fuel content reading respective longitudinal tanks . the transfer fitted). is made by gravity thanks to gate-valves.24 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué.