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Making textile sensors from scratch

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Citation Perner-Wilson, Hannah and Leah Buechley. "Making Textile
Sensors from Scratch." TEI'10, proceedings of the 4th
International Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied
Interaction, Jan. 25-27, 2010, MIT Media Lab, Cambridge, MA
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Publisher Association for Computing Machinery

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Ave. conductive materials. MA 02139 USA materials and introduce them to a variety of sensor 349 and circuitry construction techniques. Massachusetts. Making Textile Sensors from Scratch Hannah Perner-Wilson Abstract High-Low Tech This workshop will explore the use of low-cost MIT Media Lab materials and tools to build textile-based soft circuitry.m. MA 02139 USA We will introduce a range of methods for plusea@media. these materials can be employed to build an assortment of textile circuits and sensors [cf 1].mit. handmade. craft. We will demonstrate how ACM 978-1-60558-841-4/10/01. Participants will learn techniques developed by the Leah Buechley workshop leaders and will also be encouraged to High-Low Tech use our material library to design their own custom MIT Media Lab sensors. Cambridge. electrical characteristics. Ave. HCI): Miscellaneous. available textile materials that have interesting TEI’’10. . sensors. USA. Keywords DIY. electronic textiles. e-textiles ACM Classification Keywords H5. E15-368c participants with available electronic textile Cambridge. 77 Mass. E15-355 Cambridge. January 25––27. 2010..g. General Terms Design Introduction We will begin the workshop by introducing participants to a range of low-cost and widely Copyright is held by the author/owner(s).edu handcrafting textile sensors and circuitry. The goal of the workshop is to familiarize 77 Mass. Information interfaces and presentation (e.

conductive thread and a metal bead 350 Figure 5. Participants are also welcome to bring materials and tools that they would like to share. Stretch sensor made by knitting resistive yarn We expect that participants will explore the physical and electrical properties of many of the materials and experiment with how these properties can be leveraged in a variety of sensing and interaction contexts. fabric glues and neoprene. Techniques such . Figures 1-5 show examples of some of the sensors and materials we will introduce. The LilyPad Arduino will be Figure 3: Stroke sensor made from neoprene and introduced as a computing platform designed to be conductive thread integrated in textile circuitry [2]. as is the inclusion of participants’’ conductive fabric. demonstrate or use. metal fasteners. and Velostat professional or hobbyist skills. Series of crochet tilt potentiometers made from resistive and traditional yarn Figure 1: Tilt sensor made from conductive fabric. conductive thread. beads. encouraged. Figure 4. Collaboration between participants is Figure 2: Neoprene bend sensor made from neoprene. fusible glues. The materials for this workshop were sourced and selected because of their availability and price and include conductive and resistive fabrics and yarns. Participants will then have the option of using one of our designs to construct an interface or experimenting with the materials we have collected to build their own sensors and circuits.

as knitting. and Socket Buttons: rubber.instructables. and Diversity in Computer Science Education. Participants will learn how to build textile-based 423-432. The LilyPad Arduino: Using human-computer interaction scenarios that can be Computational Textiles to Investigate Engagement. L. Electronic Sequins. and stitched stroke sensors. and laminating will be how to obtain these materials and should leave the materials and tools used to construct these sensors >> http://arduino. Peculiarities about the >> (2009) Fabric this. 13(2). potentiometers. pp. Eisenberg. and anti-fray and fabric glues can be used to prevent References [1] Techniques for E-textile Craft.kobakant. J. supported by textile will be shared with the participants. A. pp and Eisenberg. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI). For example. [2008]. sewing. neoprene. They will also learn where and . crocheted tilt >> http://hlt. Journal of Personal 351 disciplinary use of tools comes in handy when and Ubiquitous >> http://www. cross. Studio Topics and Learning Goals Sensors that will be introduced in the workshop Studio Supporting Web Documents include pressure and bend sensors. >> http://lessemf. knitted stretch >> http://www. workshop with the skills and knowledge necessary to start building textile-based interfaces.. has great isolating crochet. combining materials. a material between a fabric and a PCBs. Catchen. Aesthetics. sensors and circuitry from textile materials that are readily available.. and exploring the materials at hand and inspiring Crockett. The workshop will focus on [2] sensors that can also detect conductive thread frays when knotted and cut. embroidered and fused tilt sensors >> http://web. L.