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TUTORIAL 8

MATTER

1.

a) Define stress and strain.

**b) Using a scale, a piece of alloy has a measured mass of 90.0 g in air and 75.0 g
**

when immersed in water. Calculate its buoyant force(Ans: FB=1.4715 x 10-1 N)

**2. A metal wire 2 m long and 2 mm in diameter is stretched 1 mm when a load of 185
**

N is hung on its end. What is the Young's modulus for the metal wire? (Ans: =

1.18 x 1011 Pa)

**3. A block of metal weighs 50 N in air and 35 N in water. What is the buoyant force of
**

the water? (Ans: FB=15 N)

**4. An aluminum wire 2.0 m in length and 2.0 mm in diameter supports a 10.0 kg mass.
**

What is the elongation of the wire? The Young's modulus for aluminum is 7.0x1010 Nm-2.

(Ans: x = 8.92 x 10-4 m)

**5. A metal wire 1.5 m long and 0.2 cm in diameter stretches 0.036 cm when a load
**

of 5.0 kg is hung on its end. Calculate:

**i) The stress of the wire.
**

ii) The strain of the wire.

iii) The Young's Modulus of the wire. (Ans: (a) =1.562 x 107 Pa, (b) = 2.4 x 10-

4, (c) = 6.51 x 1010 Nm-2)

6.

a) In a hydraulic press such as in Figure below, the larger piston has a cross-

sectional area A1 = 200 cm2 and the small piston has cross-sectional area A2 =

5.0 cm2. If a force F2 of 250N is applied to the small piston, find the force F1 on

the large piston. (Ans: F1= 10 000 N)

**b) A solid aluminum cylinder with density p = 2700 kg m-3 has a measured mass of
**

67 g in air and 45 g when immersed in turpentine. Determine the density of

turpentine. (Mac 2012) (Ans: = 8.86567 x 102 kgm-3)

**7. A load of 30 kg is applied to the lower end of an aluminium rod 80 cm long and
**

0.40 cm in diameter. How much will the rod stretch? (Young's modulus for

aluminium =70 x 109 N m-2 ) (Ans: x=2.68 x 10-4 m)

““Successful people are not gifted; they just work hard, then succeed on purpose” Page 1

0 cm has original length of 24 m.00 cm to 200.30 m in diameter. ρwater = 1000 kg/m3) 12. The piston of a hydraulic automobile lift is 0.8462 x 10-4) ““Successful people are not gifted. then succeed on purpose” Page 2 . Find the tensile stress of the cable.12 x 105 Pa) (Apr2010) 11. It is used to support a load of 900 kg. determine the radius of A surface. (Ans: = 2. AS120/PHY130/TUTORIAL8/MAC18-JULY18/NSZ 8.60 N) (ρbrass = 8440 kg/m3.8104 x 107 Nm-2) (Apr 2011) 10. If the surface area of B is 130cm2 and the force. what is the tension in the rope ? (Ans: T= 189.11 x 105 Pa) 14. i. (Ans: r1=4. What pressure is require to lift a car with a mass of 800 kg ? (Ans: P = 1. what is its volume ? (Ans: v = 2. A steel cable of diameter 2.30 m in diameter. The piston of a hydraulic automobile lift is 0. A 5. The diagram below shows a hydraulic jack that used to lift a car which has a mass of 1500 kg. they just work hard. F supplied to lift the car is 60 N. A and B are two pistons with round surfaces.010 cm2. Compute the stress and strain applied on the specimen. A force of 5 x 105 N is applied to a wood specimen of length 2 m and cross sectional area 0. a) The Young's modulus of wood is 13 x 109 N m-2. Given water density = 1000 kgm-3) (Ans: P gauge=1.50 cm as shown in Figure below: (Apr 2009) i) What is the stress on the wire? (Ans: (a) = 5. Ans: (c) = 2.1 m 2.0 x 1011 Nm-2 ) 15. What pressure is require to lift a car with a mass of 800 kg ? (Ans: P =1. Ans: = 3.0 x 108 Nm-2) ii) What is the elongation strain on the wire? (Ans: (b)x = 5 x 10-3 m) iii) Determine the Young's modulus of the wire. The wire stretches from its original length of 200. A solid brass statue weighs 190 N in air and is suspended from a rope and totally immersed in water.11 x 105 Pa) 9.0 x 102 N object is hung from the end of a wire of cross-sectional area 0. Calculate the pressure at a depth of 110 cm from the surface of a lake.29 x 10-3 m3) ii.10 x 10-3 m) 13.

approximately how much mass can be lifted by the jack? Ignore any difference in height between the pistons.3 kg/m3. Determine the speed of the water flowing in the main pipe.0 m3. However.015 m) 19.5 x 10-4 m3) iii) What is the density of the object? (Ans: = 5.978 x 10-1 ms-1) 20. It supplies water at a rate of 500 cm 3/s. The total mass of the balloon including the enclosed gas is 2.121 x 10-3 m3s-1) ii) What is the diameter of the constricted portion of the pipe? (Ans: d = 0. (Ans: FB=1. i) Calculate the mass flow rate of water in the hose.1 m2(Oct 2013) (Ans: v2 = 12 ms-1) 18. The density of air is 1.3765 x 101 N) ii) What is the magnitude of the initial acceleration of the balloon? (Apr 2009) (Ans: a =31.01 m in diameter.971 x 102 kgm-3) ““Successful people are not gifted.00 cm in the bathroom upstairs. It is suspended from a scale.40 N when it is submerged in hydraulic oil of density 950 kg/m3. then succeed on purpose” Page 3 . the diameter of the pipe is reduce to 2.40 N) ii) What is the volume of the displaced oil? (Ans: V displaced = 1.55 x 103 kg) (Sept 2011) 16. (Ans: Q = 2. (Ans: m =1200 kgs-1) ii) Calculate the velocity of the water coming out if the cross sectional area of the nozzle is 0. The water encounters a constriction where its velocity is 12 m/s. (Ans: FB=6. Water flows through a rubber hose which is has a cross sectional area of 0.0 cm with a velocity of 3. AS120/PHY130/TUTORIAL8/MAC18-JULY18/NSZ b) A force of 250 N is applied to a hydraulic jack piston that is 0. An object has a weight of 8.2 m 2 at a velocity of 6. Its volume is 5.8 m/s2) i) Determine the buoyant force on the object. A balloon is released from a tall building. The diameter of the main water pipe that supplies water to a double storey house is 4. (Acceleration due to gravity =9.10 m. If the piston that supports the load has a diameter of 0.00 cm.0 m/s.80 N in air.825 ms-1) 17. they just work hard.0 kg.0 ms-1. (Ans: v1 = 3. i) Find the buoyant force on the balloon. (Ans: m= 2. Water enters a pipe of diameter 3. which reads 7. (Apr 2009) i) Find the volume flow rate of the water.

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