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# AS120/PHY130/TUTORIAL8/MAC18-JULY18/NSZ

TUTORIAL 8
MATTER

1.
a) Define stress and strain.

b) Using a scale, a piece of alloy has a measured mass of 90.0 g in air and 75.0 g
when immersed in water. Calculate its buoyant force(Ans: FB=1.4715 x 10-1 N)

2. A metal wire 2 m long and 2 mm in diameter is stretched 1 mm when a load of 185
N is hung on its end. What is the Young's modulus for the metal wire? (Ans: =
1.18 x 1011 Pa)

3. A block of metal weighs 50 N in air and 35 N in water. What is the buoyant force of
the water? (Ans: FB=15 N)

4. An aluminum wire 2.0 m in length and 2.0 mm in diameter supports a 10.0 kg mass.
What is the elongation of the wire? The Young's modulus for aluminum is 7.0x1010 Nm-2.
(Ans: x = 8.92 x 10-4 m)

5. A metal wire 1.5 m long and 0.2 cm in diameter stretches 0.036 cm when a load
of 5.0 kg is hung on its end. Calculate:

i) The stress of the wire.
ii) The strain of the wire.
iii) The Young's Modulus of the wire. (Ans: (a)  =1.562 x 107 Pa, (b) = 2.4 x 10-
4, (c)  = 6.51 x 1010 Nm-2)

6.
a) In a hydraulic press such as in Figure below, the larger piston has a cross-
sectional area A1 = 200 cm2 and the small piston has cross-sectional area A2 =
5.0 cm2. If a force F2 of 250N is applied to the small piston, find the force F1 on
the large piston. (Ans: F1= 10 000 N)

b) A solid aluminum cylinder with density p = 2700 kg m-3 has a measured mass of
67 g in air and 45 g when immersed in turpentine. Determine the density of
turpentine. (Mac 2012) (Ans:  = 8.86567 x 102 kgm-3)

7. A load of 30 kg is applied to the lower end of an aluminium rod 80 cm long and
0.40 cm in diameter. How much will the rod stretch? (Young's modulus for
aluminium =70 x 109 N m-2 ) (Ans: x=2.68 x 10-4 m)

““Successful people are not gifted; they just work hard, then succeed on purpose” Page 1

0 cm has original length of 24 m.00 cm to 200.30 m in diameter. ρwater = 1000 kg/m3) 12. The piston of a hydraulic automobile lift is 0.8462 x 10-4) ““Successful people are not gifted. then succeed on purpose” Page 2 . Find the tensile stress of the cable.12 x 105 Pa) (Apr2010) 11. It is used to support a load of 900 kg. determine the radius of A surface. (Ans:  = 2. AS120/PHY130/TUTORIAL8/MAC18-JULY18/NSZ 8.60 N) (ρbrass = 8440 kg/m3.8104 x 107 Nm-2) (Apr 2011) 10. If the surface area of B is 130cm2 and the force. what is the tension in the rope ? (Ans: T= 189.11 x 105 Pa) 14. i. (Ans: r1=4. What pressure is require to lift a car with a mass of 800 kg ? (Ans: P = 1. what is its volume ? (Ans: v = 2. A steel cable of diameter 2.30 m in diameter. The piston of a hydraulic automobile lift is 0. A 5. The diagram below shows a hydraulic jack that used to lift a car which has a mass of 1500 kg. they just work hard. F supplied to lift the car is 60 N. A and B are two pistons with round surfaces.010 cm2. Compute the stress and strain applied on the specimen. A force of 5 x 105 N is applied to a wood specimen of length 2 m and cross sectional area 0. a) The Young's modulus of wood is 13 x 109 N m-2. Given water density = 1000 kgm-3) (Ans: P gauge=1.50 cm as shown in Figure below: (Apr 2009) i) What is the stress on the wire? (Ans: (a) = 5. Ans: (c)  = 2.1 m 2.0 x 1011 Nm-2 ) 15. What pressure is require to lift a car with a mass of 800 kg ? (Ans: P =1. Ans:  = 3.0 x 108 Nm-2) ii) What is the elongation strain on the wire? (Ans: (b)x = 5 x 10-3 m) iii) Determine the Young's modulus of the wire. The wire stretches from its original length of 200. A solid brass statue weighs 190 N in air and is suspended from a rope and totally immersed in water.11 x 105 Pa) 9.0 x 102 N object is hung from the end of a wire of cross-sectional area 0. Calculate the pressure at a depth of 110 cm from the surface of a lake.29 x 10-3 m3) ii.10 x 10-3 m) 13.

approximately how much mass can be lifted by the jack? Ignore any difference in height between the pistons.3 kg/m3. Determine the speed of the water flowing in the main pipe.0 m3. However.015 m) 19.5 x 10-4 m3) iii) What is the density of the object? (Ans:  = 5.978 x 10-1 ms-1) 20. It supplies water at a rate of 500 cm 3/s. The total mass of the balloon including the enclosed gas is 2.121 x 10-3 m3s-1) ii) What is the diameter of the constricted portion of the pipe? (Ans: d = 0. (Ans: FB=1. i) Calculate the mass flow rate of water in the hose.1 m2(Oct 2013) (Ans: v2 = 12 ms-1) 18. The density of air is 1.3765 x 101 N) ii) What is the magnitude of the initial acceleration of the balloon? (Apr 2009) (Ans: a =31.01 m in diameter.971 x 102 kgm-3) ““Successful people are not gifted.00 cm in the bathroom upstairs. It is suspended from a scale.40 N when it is submerged in hydraulic oil of density 950 kg/m3. then succeed on purpose” Page 3 . the diameter of the pipe is reduce to 2.40 N) ii) What is the volume of the displaced oil? (Ans: V displaced = 1.55 x 103 kg) (Sept 2011) 16. (Ans: Q = 2. (Ans: m =1200 kgs-1) ii) Calculate the velocity of the water coming out if the cross sectional area of the nozzle is 0. The water encounters a constriction where its velocity is 12 m/s. (Ans: FB=6. Water flows through a rubber hose which is has a cross sectional area of 0.0 cm with a velocity of 3. AS120/PHY130/TUTORIAL8/MAC18-JULY18/NSZ b) A force of 250 N is applied to a hydraulic jack piston that is 0. An object has a weight of 8.2 m 2 at a velocity of 6. Its volume is 5.8 m/s2) i) Determine the buoyant force on the object. A balloon is released from a tall building. The diameter of the main water pipe that supplies water to a double storey house is 4. (Acceleration due to gravity =9.10 m. If the piston that supports the load has a diameter of 0.00 cm.0 m/s.80 N in air.825 ms-1) 17. they just work hard.0 kg.0 ms-1. (Ans: v1 = 3. i) Find the buoyant force on the balloon. (Ans: m= 2. Water enters a pipe of diameter 3. which reads 7. (Apr 2009) i) Find the volume flow rate of the water.