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1.1 July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.1.1 Illyrian god’s and goddesses (2018-07-13 11:39) . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.1.2 Persian religion in the tradition of the Bosnian people
(2018-07-10 05:45) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1.1.3 THE STEĆAK (2018-07-08 01:43) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
1.1.4 Bosnian heresy (2018-07-06 10:46) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
1.1.5 Illyrians, 5000 years after... (2018-07-05 13:34) . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
(2018-07-04 11:55) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

1. 2018

1.1 July

1.1.1 Illyrian god’s and goddesses (2018-07-13 11:39)

So, this is just a part of my story which start long, long ago about Bosnia and nowadays
surrounding countries through the time line...

When we’re talking about Bosnian mythology it is important to clarify instantly the follow-
ing - Bosnian people are speaking a Slavic language, but this doesn’t mean that they are
Slavic people, since according to that logic the Mexicans would be Spaniards, Brazilians would
be Portuguese and for example the Algerians or Moroccans would be French. Thesis about
the southern Slavs, which is based exclusively on the Slavic language is as it’s historically
known, a merit of the European colonial forces, primarily Great Britain and Austro-Hungary,
which disintegrated Balkan people in order to manipulate them better, they enforced numerous
historically catastrophic thesis, primarily about the affiliation to the Slavs. We won’t even notice
genetic research which proved that there is a dominant Illyrian gene present when compared
to all others. But, one of the strategical interests was stimulating nationalism, in order to place
this strategically important part of Europe under their sphere of influence, using the primitivism
which was traditionally rooted among the Balkan people. In order to more clearly explain
what I’m talking about let us remember this historical fact which states: how is it possible that
the people of the Balkans, which existed between two great civilizations, Greece and Rome,
never managed to achieve a cultural or civilization advancement. Everything that was created
in the previous centuries in this area is a result of all other people besides the Balkan ones,
starting from the Greeks, Romans, Vizigoths, Ottomans, Austro-Hungarians. whether we like
it or not, the answer is simple - primitiveness was always a dominant trait of this part of Europe.

History has shown as well as proved that the people which can be manipulated the
easiest are primitive ones.

In order to grasp the pagan world of our ancestors, especially the one connected with
their religious life, we need to gather all the names of the god’s and goddesses of the Illyrian
pantheon from the entire area of Illyricum from today Greece, Albania across Bosnia and
Herzegovina to Slovenia. Individual deities had several names but an identical function which
is the reason why the Illyrians failed to establish a unique religion across the territory of Illyricum
and why it was divided into many cults.

But, according to all available data, worshiping the snake, the reincarnation of the Grand
Mother, Thane and Vidasus were common to all Illyrian tribes mostly because these deities
were connected with the cult of agriculture and fertility.

� God Dracon and goddess Dracaena, divine couple.

The serpent was a powerful symbol among the ancient Illyrians, in particular
among those of the southern Balkans. In the Roman period, there were altars in Dardania
dedicated to the serpent pair, Dracon and Dracaena.
cf. H. Pedersen 1898 .

� Goddess Nutrika, protector of children...

� Goddess Sentona, goddess tied to the cult of agriculture.

Also mention in Moesin Celtic tradition...

� Goddess Ika, goddess of fertility.

In Paleo Balkan mythology known as nymph Ica sundown

� Goddess Histria, goddess, protector of the entire geographical area of Istria.

Also a Gallic goddess of land.

� God Boria, god of wind.

A god of the North Wind in Moesin Celtic tradition.
„Some deities are known exclusively from Istria, such as Eia, Malesocus, Boria and Iria”

� Goddess Nebra, goddess of storms and mist.

Nebra disc in Celtic Calendar representing what we celebrate today as Halloween.

� Goddess Trita, goddess of health.

Her name has no connection to the Istria area, instead it can be recognized in the names from
Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the form Tritan, Tritanon or Traitano.
It is believed that the name of the goddess has an Illyrian-Celtic heritage.

� God Melosok – local Illyrian god, protector...

� Goddess Anzotika, Irija or Prende, goddess of love.

� God Boa, divine snake...

� God Verbti, god of fire and the north wind which causes fires.
Known as ”the holy blind one”.
Beautiful celestials (in Albanian: Bukuri and Qiellit) in ancient Illyrian times, three gods which
divided the world into the heavens, sea and underground.

� God Medauros or Armatos, god of war.

Medaurus or Medauros was a protective deity worshiped by Illyrians in the town of Rhison
(Risan, Montenegro) at the Gulf of Kotor. He was mentioned in a dedication at Lambaesis in
Africa by a roman senator and native Risinium. He appears to be identical to the Thracian
horseman, riding on horseback and carrying a lance.
The Delmatae, famous Illyrian tribe had Armatus as a god of war

� God Redon, protector of seafarers.

God in the form of a boy next to which a dolphin appears.

� God En, one of the three supreme gods. _(deity)
En was demoted to demonic status following the arrival of Christianity in Illyria, and continues
to be used in the Albanian language to refer to Thursday (Albanian: Enjte)

� God Perendi or Shurdi, god of the thunder, husband of the goddess Prende. _(deity)
A curious similarity appears between the ”Slav” name of the god of thunder Perun and the
Illyrian Perendi. If we take into consideration that the Illyrians, besides the Greeks, are the
oldest people in the Balkans then it is easy to conclude that Perendi or Perin is nothing more
than an ancient Illyrian deity which is wrongly connected with the forced Slav pantheon.
About this God I am preparing separate story !

� Goddess Thana, Tana, Thiana or Zana (Albanian)

Illyrian goddess equated to the Roman Diana. She is followed by three goats with golden
horns. In Albanian mountains Zana lives as a fairy adorned by bravery and beauty. Among the
Bosnians Zana or Tana is a forest fairy (Zlatna) which lives in Bosnian forests and helps great
warriors, such as Mujo Hrnjica.

Deep connection of the goddess Tana is evident through folk songs where the scene of
Mujo Hrnjica meeting with the faeries is described, the fairies were disguised as goats, with his
shrewdness he manages to unmask them and subject them to his will. Even though in Bosnian
mythology it is considered that the forest fairy and Zlatna are actually two different faeries i.e.
mother and daughter, we are probably talking about one fairy which probably has a different
name in various parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Identification of the Illyrian goddess in the
name of the queen of faeries Zlatna (Zlatana) is more than evident in the name itself, namely,
if we subtract first three letters from Zlatana we will get the name Tana or if we subtract the
second, third and fourth letter – Zana.

Zlatna is called forest or mountain fairy in north-western part of Bosnia with clear mean-
ing of mountain i.e. forest fairy or forest mother. Her epithet of queen, confirms her privileged
position which she has as the goddess of our Illyrian forefathers.

Altar of Vidasus and Thana fromTopusko, Archaeological Museum in Zagreb

� God Vidasus or Vidas,

One of the names of this grand god of the Illyrian pantheon is Messor or Žtalac which clearly
alludes to his dominant role in the cult of fertility i.e. agriculture.
Time of harvests was a period dedicated to him.
Vidasus is the god of forests and nature, and together with the goddess Thana the deity of
fertility. He was worshiped under various names, at some places as Vidasus, elsewhere as
Magla (enus?), or Cor… Messor and the like.

This name Cor is unusually reminiscent of the Celtic god Cernunnosa which had an identical
description. Similarly, it is presumed that with this Illyrian deity the famous name Grabovius is
connected (where from our Illyrian word grab (hornbeam) stems from), which is mentioned on
the so called Iguvine tablets from Umbria in Italy. Given that on the same monument the name
Japuzkum (Japudiscum) nomen is mentioned – the enemy of the Umbra – we conclude that
the Umbra took the name Grabovius (this epithet comes with thename Jupiter, as well as that
of Mars and Vovionus) from the Japodes. It is considered that Vidasus, or Romanised Silvan,
was the supreme Illyrian god in the period before Rome, and he also kept that function after
it. The Roman’s accepted him and equated with the Greek Pan the protector of forests, flocks
and nature and a companion during hunting. Visual depictions of the Illyrian Vidasus depict
him as a being which is half goat and half man. Vidasus was worshiped during the beginning
of the lighter part of the year, at the end of April and beginning of May.

An engraved gem of amber, depicting the god Vidasus (Romanian - Silvanus), Huremovač,
Ljubuši, south-western Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Sculptures which depict god Vidasus, sometimes accompanied by Tana, show him encir-
cled by girls dancing or in the form of nymphs, water faeries. Beside the data which confirm
that the Bosnian folk were familiar with faeries from ancient times, this information is extremely
important for further study about correlation with persons which came into direct contact with
faeries and gained healing powers as well as texts of spells. From Bosnian tradition we know
that faeries are skilled in healing with medicinal herbs and spring water in which, according to
legends, they would bathe.

God Vidasus on Bosnian Stecak

� God Bindu was the god of springs

Ancient beliefs of the Illyrian tribes which inhabited Bosnia and Herzegovina remained present
in folk beliefs, mostly connected to the cult of water healing, in which the god Bindu is clearly
manifested. When one analyses the folk cult of healing and the practice of it, which is
essentially pagan in nature, then it is difficult to explain how that ancient system managed
to survive in Bosnia especially in the midst of a strong expansion of Christianity and later
Islam?! However, the answer should besought in the fact that Christianity, especially after the
appearance of Bogomils, or Islam had enough influence to fully assimilate the Bosnian people
and to fully disengage them from the ancient Illyrian religion. And that it is true is perhaps
best shown by the cult of god Bindu. As it is known god Bindu was the god of springs of the
Bosnian Illyrians whose spring-temples were found all over modern Bosnia and Herzegovina
and the neighboring Croatia. One of the best preserved holly places was found in Privilice near
Bihaćwhich is located in nature, next to a spring.

At that location dozens of dedicated sacrifices to Bindu were excavated, as well as a

chapel with numerous animal bones sacrificed in his honour.In the ritual practice of pilgrimage
towards springs one can notice the influence of three religious cults of the Bosnian Illyrians: cult
of the sun, cult of the moon and cult of Bindu. Cult of the sun: the largest number of holly and
salutary springs are located on the east side of the settlement. One would visit it exclusively
at dawn, before sunrise, in order to pray, wash one’s face and drink water. In such a way
the diseased would expect the blessing of the sun which would shine the light and warmness
on the person once it rose from the east.Cult of the moon: the holly springs were visited in
the first week of the new moon, precisely on odd days i.e. Monday, Wednesday, Friday and
Sunday.Cult of Bindu: after washing their faces and drinking water or placing it into vessels
and carrying ithome, the diseased would leave some money next to the streams, usually coins,
food, eggs or they would hang some of their clothes on the nearby branches.In the mentioned
descriptions of rituals one can notice influences of three deities, which could point to the fact
that Bindu was the son of the sun god and moon goddess and as their son he represented
the perfect example of vitality and health which gives life and defeats evil, in this case over
diseases. The sun that would appear in the east in the morning, according to folk belief the sun
was ”born”, and the first seven days after the appearance of the new moon undoubtedly point
to the idea of renewal of life energy, health and generally luck and prosperity. The sick would
ask for blessings from the heavenly deities who again resurrected in their eternal cycles and
the manifestation of their divine power was exactly the water over which Bindu had patronage
and power.During the beginning of the 20th century, Emilian Lilek, a professor from Sarajevo,
recorded a dozen examples of spring worshiping in Bosnia, the springs were equated with
healing powers. His ethnological work has been published in the National Museum BIH
under the title ”Religious antiquities from Bosnia and Herzegovina” in the chapter ”Water wor-
ship”. Examples that professor Lilek gathered and recorded have, besides their ethnological
value, a historic significance because they confirm the long practice of worshiping the cult
of god Bindu, deity of the Bosnian Illyrians to whom spring were dedicated i.e. natural temples.

It is clear that the Bosnian people haven’t forgotten about the religious practice of their
ancestors which survived despite numerous restless decades which were characterized by the
arrival of the Slavs and monotheism.

In all of the descriptions one can clearly see the practice of pilgrimage towards the streams
whose water was considered to have healing properties as well as the practice of leaving
money as a gift, food or a piece of clothing which was a substitute for human or animal
sacrifice.Behind such a ritual there existed a belief in a supernatural being, whose name was
forgotten by the people, and to whom a sacrificial offering had to be made in order to get help
i.e. help from disease.The following are only some of the examples given by professor Lilek:
On the left side of the river Miljacka there is a spring Pišć-water, from which you mustn’t drink
until you leave some money next to the stream or a piece of one’s clothing. Bosnian women
visit Pišć-water before sunrise, leaving money next to the spring, and tying pieces of clothing
onto the branches of the willow next to the stream.Catholic women visit the stream above
Kovačvićbefore sunrise and leave some money there.In Tešnj there is a stream outside the city
where the Bosnian women bring their sick children, and bathe them in that water. When they
head home they leave some money next to the stream, or they take off a piece of clothing from
the child and leave it next to the spring.In Travnik there is a spring called Safa’s source and it
is visited by Muslim’s and Christian’s alike,especially around May 6th, in particular those that
have headaches or fever. They bathe themselves at the spring. When they head home they
throw some money in the water or leave a piece of clothing there.In Pritoka next to Bihaćthere
is a spring which is visited by sick people in order to bathe in it. If a diseased arrives who is
also a sinner, the water from the spring disappears immediately, but if a man without large
sins comes the water appears in order for him to bathe in it. The spring is gifted with money,
clothes, etc.Next to Modrič there is a spring called Ščra. When someone has a fever, one visits
the spring in the first week of the new moon’s appearance, Wednesday or Friday, and it bathes
in its waters before sunrise. One leaves some money next to the spring or hangs a piece of its
clothing onto a tree next tothe spring.In Tuzla there is a spring called Istočik, Christians visit it
during Friday or Wednesday, in the firs tweek of the new moon’s appearance. They bathe at
the spring and leave some money or some food.

Altar with dedication to Bindus Neptune from Privilica, National Museum in Sarajevo.

Additionally I can add some of conclusions from Mirjana Sanader s book about Cults in
the territory that today makes up the Republic of Croatia :

„The majority of the indigenous cults were not fully Romanized, because the interpretatio
Romana has only been ascertained in the case of a few local deities. This applies, for instance,
to Anzotica and Iria, deities who were recognized in the Roman Venus, or to Bindus, who was
equated with Neptune.
A portion of the domestic deities experienced only a lesser, perhaps simply formal, degree of
adaptation, so besides their domestic name they were accorded the epithet Augusta, such as,
for example, the Histrian goddess Eia Augusta. We can only speculate as to the reasons for
the absence of syncretization of most indigenous cults with their Roman counterparts. Medini
cited the inadaptable nature of domestic deities as a reason, but just their precise nature is still
not entirely known.
Additionally, the actual visualization of these domestic, indigenous deities remains unknown.
The reasons lies in the fact that traces and evidence of them have only been preserved in
inscriptions. Therefore, it is even possible that the domestic population saw some of them as
supernatural forces without a specific image. In the case of certain other deities - those which
became syncretized with Roman deities - similarities with the Roman pantheon were found.
According to the evidence, the majority of indigenous cults came from the territories inhabited
by the Histri and Liburni. Worship of only a single cult was recorded among the Japodes,
involving the god Bindus who was, as stated, equated with the Roman Neptune.
The Colapiani worshipped the divine couple Vidasus and Thana, whose Roman versions are
still not known. Analysis of the distribution of individual cults indicates that most of them were
restricted to local communities. Examples are the cult of the goddess Latra, who appears only
in Nadin and its immediate environs, while evidence of veneration of the goddess Anzotica can
only be found in Nin.
The indigenous deities among the Liburni were exclusively female.
Among the Histri cults were also mostly dedicated to goddesses, with the exception of the god
Melosocus. Experts have linked this fact - at least in the case of the Liburni - to the Liburnian
social order, about which we know from the texts of Classical writers. Thus, in the Periplus (21)
of Pseudo-Scylax, among others, we can read that the Liburni were ruled by women. Other
writers also spoke of some sort of matriarchy, which even survived into Roman times in familial
charts which followed the female lineage (Varro, r.r. 2, 10,9; Plin., N.H. 3, 139-141).
It is interesting that the dedicants who dedicated these monuments were not only members of
the indigenous population but also immigrants, which indicates a certain degree of religious
tolerance in Roman society.”

Still a lot of work to do, so this story will be continue ...

1.1.2 Persian religion in the tradition of the Bosnian people

(2018-07-10 05:45)

Mitra, God of Sun, Friendship and Energy
Both Vedic Mitra and Avestan Mithra derive from an Indo-Iranian common noun *mitra-,
generally reconstructed to have meant ”covenant, treaty, agreement, promise.” This meaning
is preserved in Avestan miθra ”covenant.” In Sanskrit and modern Indo-Aryan languages, mitra
means ”friend,” one of the aspects of bonding and alliance.

One of the oldest civilizations in the world Persia or today’s Iran, whose age is estimated
according to archaeological locality to over 7000 years, had a very strong influence both on
the Illyrians i.e. Bosnian people. Traces of that influence have their continuity and are evident
in various segments from the linguistic, because of numerous Persian words in the Bosnian
language, all the way up to folklore and mythology. Because of all that it is necessary to further
investigate the connection of Bosnia and Iran through historical events and migration and
genetic analysis in order to get a complete image of the connection between Illyrians and the
Persians and if there is a possibility that the Illyrians came to the Balkans from today’s Iran ?!

Temple of god Mitra in Jajce and near Konjic

The temple of the Indo-Iranian god of sun and light Mitra (mitreum) was found in Jajce in 1931
when a foundation for a house was dug. On the initiative of curator of the National museum in
Sarajevo professor Sergejevski, it was reconstructed in 1937. The cult of invincible god of sun
- Mitra was widespread across all provinces of the Roman empire, including the province of
Dalmatia in whose boundaries was a large part of today’s Bosnia and Herzegovina. Members
of Mithraism sought to place their cult places in caves, but they also built small one cell temples
- spelaea, and if the terrain allowed, they were wrapped in dirt. An example of such a temple
- spelaea carved into the rock, is located in Jajce and represents a unique and rare example.
There is no direct data on the exact time the temple of Mitra in Jajce was built. It is assumed,
according to when the coins were found, types of lamps and fibula that it was built at the end
of the 3rd or beginning of the 4th century BCE.

Ritual in the honour of Mitra

I try to describe connection of folk customs of lighting fire at dawn on May 6th (Jurjevo or
Hidirlez) as a sign of welcome and celebrating sun, since the beginning of May according to
Bosnian folk calendar the beginning of summer i.e. light part of the year. And that we are
talking about the solar cult of our Illyrian forefathers is proved by another practice which was
preserved by Bosnian traditional culture.
We are talking about instruments so called trubaljka dedicated to god Mitra, played by men on
small and large Jurjevo i.e. April 23rd and May 6th.

As per Wikipedia Ђурђевдан/Đurđevdan is a Slavic religious holiday, the feast of Saint George
celebrated on 23 April by the Julian calendar (6 May by the Gregorian calendar). In Croatia
and Slovenia, the Roman Catholic version of St. George’s day, Jurjevo is celebrated on 23
April by the Gregorian calendar.
Saint George is one of the most important saints in the Eastern Orthodox tradition. He is the
patron military saint ...
( Military saint... kill a dragon ... something wrong with me ?)
in Slavic, Georgian and Circassian, Cossack, Chetnik military tradition. Christian synaxaria
hold that St. George was a martyr who died for his faith. On icons, he is usually depicted as a
man riding a horse and killing a dragon.
Beyond Orthodox Christian tradition proper, Đurđevdan is also more generically a spring
festival in the Balkans.

Then we find a lot of evidence points to these motifs and elements being adopted
into Christianity...

The following list represents not a solidified mythos or narrative of one particular Mitra or form
of the god as developed in one particular culture and era but, rather, a combination of them
all for ease of reference as to any possible influences upon Christianity under the name of

Mitra has the following in common with the Jesus character:

Mithra was born on December 25th of the virgin Anahita.
The babe was wrapped in swaddling clothes, placed in a manger and attended by shepherds.
He was considered a great traveling teacher and master.
He had 12 companions or ”disciples.”
He performed miracles.
As the ”great bull of the Sun” Mithra sacrificed himself for world peace.
He ascended to heaven.

Mithra was viewed as the Good Shepherd, the ”Way, the Truth and the Light,” the Redeemer,
the Savior, the Messiah.

Mithra is omniscient, as he ”hears all, sees all, knows all: none can deceive him.”
He was identified with both the Lion and the Lamb.
His sacred day was Sunday, ”the Lord’s Day,” hundreds of years before the appearance of
His religion had a eucharist or ”Lord’s Supper.”
Mithra ”sets his marks on the foreheads of his soldiers.”
Mitraism emphasized baptism.

Mitra ascending to the heaven in his solar cart, with sun symbol

The same may be said as concerns another Persian or Zoroastrian winter celebration called
”Yalda,” which is the festival of the Longest Night of the Year, taking place on December 20th
or the day before the solstice:
Yalda has a history as long as the Mitraism religion. The Mitraists believed that
this night is the night of the birth of Mitra, Persian god of light and truth. At the morning of the
longest night of the year the Mitra is born from a virgin mother....
In Zoroastrian tradition, the winter solstice with the longest night of the year was an auspicious
day, and included customs intended to protect people from misfortune.... The Eve of the Yalda
has great significance in the Iranian calendar. It is the eve of the birth of Mitra, the Sun God,
who symbolized light, goodness and strength on earth. Shab-e Yalda is a time of joy.
Yalda is a Syriac word meaning birth. Mitra-worshippers used the term ”yalda” specifically with
reference to the birth of Mitra. As the longest night of the year, the Eve of Yalda (Shab-e Yalda)
is also a turning point, after which the days grow longer. In ancient times it symbolized the
triumph of the Sun God over the powers of darkness. (”Yalda,” Wikipedia)
It is likely that this festival does indeed derive from remote antiquity, and it is evident that the
ancient Persians were well aware of the winter solstice and its meaning as found in numerous
other cultures: To wit, the annual ”rebirth,” ”renewal” or ”resurrection” of the sun.

In the ethnological records under the name ”Peculiar customs of Muslim villagers close to
the place Prozor” it is described that Bosnians in Prozor, at the end of the nineteenth and
beginning of the twentieth century, met at sunset at a location,
which they would pick by themselves, and they would hold the ritual called Trubaljke.
Every one of them would for that occasion carry in his hand an instrument, so called trubaljka
made out of skinned bark of willow, for the ritual on the eve of small Jurjevo (April 23rd), or
made out of the bark of hazel (hazelnut) if they would play on the holiday large Jurjevo (May

That’s why trubaljka was an instrument without holes.

”That company was mostly made out of young men, and often times among them there were
older men i.e. bearded men. From every household there needs to be at least one member,
and there can be more. The participants choose one among themselves which will be the
leader, and he has to have the largest instrument (trubaljka). From that place, where they
met, the leader goes first and the others follow, sometimes one after the other and sometimes
in a crowd. The leader blows his long instrument and then all others in one voice. It is very
interesting to listen to that type of music created by numerous instruments. That sound spreads
across the entire place where the ritual is being held. They are followed by a crowd of children
who goad them on with their thin voice. There is no singing with the instruments as far as I
managed to find out, one can only hear various sounds of their instruments and thin children’s
voices. There are 80 to 100 people in the parade. The leader is always at the top of the file.
They visit every yard and stay there for a few minutes blowing their horns. When they arrive
in front of a house, all members of that household exit and observe their procession. They go
from house to house, and if they think a witch lives in a house they visit her yard first and then
continue on.
When they go round the entire village, then they go back to the place from which they started,
blowing the horns the entire way. Then the following ritual takes place: an entire group gathers
around the leader in a circle (geometrical representation of the sun), holding their instruments
in their hands, in a fighting stance. The leader swings his instrument first so hard that it splits
into numerous pieces which fall around the gathered men (ritual blessing, imitating the sun’s
rays). As soon as he does it, it represents a sign for the others, who laughing and shouting, hit
each other with the instruments until they are completely destroyed. Then they return to their
The Bosnians practiced this ritual from ancient times, in the eve of both Jurjeva, in order to
neutralise all negative effects of witches, who according to folk belief, were particularly active
on these two identical holidays. With that ritual one would ensure protection of humans and
domestic animals until next year.”

Here the connection between Persians and Bosnians doesn’t stop. Namely, the Slavic name
for God - Bog is a name that stems from the Persian name
Baga which was used for Ahura Mazda. In the same manner, the Slavic name for our planet -
Zemlja, has its root in the name of the Persian goddess of earth Zam.
What is more important is the tradition of respecting old deities which existed among Bosnian
Muslims in parallel with Islam, i.e. it was incorporated in it. Of course, we are talking about
the so called ”folk Islam”, not the official one. Namely, there are written and published records
in the book ”Annexes for oriental philology” published in 1980, where it is mentioned that in
Sarajevo before WWII there were men who directed their prayer (duas) not only to Allah but
also to some non-Islamic deities. For this text the most interesting deity is Tir, Persian god of
rain and fertility. Tir or Tistriya lead an army of Ahura Mazda in the battle against evil forces.
Every 13th of each month was dedicated to him. Probably because of this deity the rituals for
rain and fertility were upheld the longest among the Bosnian people, tradition practiced by the
Illyrians and continued by the Bogomils and later Islamic Bosniaks.

Two sided fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Konjic

Fragment from the temple of god Mitra Jajce

Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Cavtat near Dubrovnik

Fragment from the temple of god Mitra Rozanac, Slovenia

Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Jurandvor

Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Močići

Two sided fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Konjic

Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Jajce
Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Cavtat near Dubrovnik
Fragment from the temple of god Mitra Rozanac, Slovenia
Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Jurandvor
Fragment from the temple of god Mitra, Močići

Mitra, God of Sun, Friendship and Energy

Mitra – Damir na divanu (2018-09-22 21:33:18)

[…] Persian religion in the tradition of the Bosnian people […]

1.1.3 THE STEĆAK (2018-07-08 01:43)

Schindler’s Religion of Illyrian (”Slavic”) Sun-god

Dazhbog (a stećak near Stolac, upper left) spread throughout the World: into Syria as
Sun-god Shamash (Palmyra, 150 BCE, bottom-left), Old Rome as Sun-god Sol Indiges whose
worshipers in the late Roman Empire (1-3 century CE) formed what is today regarded as a
”mysterious religion of Sun-god Mithra” (bottom-right), into western China (undated tombstone,
top-right), prehistoric Egypt (6000-3100 BCE) as Sun-god Amun Ra that later on became
Horus or just Ra (not shown), into Celtic lands as Sun-god Belenus (3rd c. CE), into India, etc.

Escutcheon seal of Illyria

. Four regal scepters symbolize the Fourth Kingdom as Illyrians saw what we call today
Ancient Greece - a view that was later adopted by Protestants based on the Book of Daniel
. Stećak from Daorson near Stolac (top), versus ancient hydria , c. 530 BCE, Museum
Louvre, France (bottom), whose origin has not been precisely determined but which carries
the seal of manufacturing province: Greek Illyria (Illyria under Old Greece). A manufacturer
seal on luxurious amphorae had the same role as a mint seal on coins. A scepter was often
shaped as ram horns - a favorite religious symbol (of power and fertility) since times before
Antiquity, when a ram was a common sacrifice (scapegoating was one of the purposes of
stećci as well). Just like with all cross-like coats of arms and seals from ancient eras, the
Church has hijacked this symbol too and called it ”anchor cross” ( cercelée ), while merely
describing its looks according to what it reminded them of, without providing an explanation
so it is obvious the symbol is not Christian originally. So they created an entire tale in which
the cross ”commemorates St. Clement” (the Church’s very first saint no less), whose ”killers
had tied an anchor around his neck and threw them both into the sea” - one can tell by that
reaching for the earliest physically possible time in Church’s history to fake the origin of a cross
(suitably named ”sailors’ cross”), that in fact this cross was the most important coat of arms
of Rome’s archenemies. Given the level of effort that took Rome to conquer (in fact: close a
rather humiliating peace treaty with) Illyrians, those archenemies could only be - the Illyrians.
(It is worth noting that a western fake encyclopedia - Wikipedia - as a modern tool for global
information control - cuts off photos of antique amphorae so that the seal of manufacturing
province is not seen.)

The Escutcheon of Illyria got transformed with time into ”Byzantine” and Serb Escutcheon

Ancient Greek mythological motif on a stećak (Pržine near Ljubuški), with the depiction
of Trojan war (1200 BCE ?) - Iphigenia in golden carriage observing her father King Agamem-
non killing the holy deer in a field encircled from all sides by braiding of thunder (war) in the
astronomically described era of Trojan war. Ljubuški is situated on the outskirts of Trojan war
theater, according to archaeologist R. Salinas Mythological motifs were merely a method for
depicting history lapidary (”in stone”) using metaphors; but, Trojan war was just an aggression
by which Greece colonized Illyria for the first time.

Ljubuški, outskirts of Troy war theater, according to archaeologist Roberto Salinas Price.

Phrygian (Brygian) cap on stećci, aka Liberty cap. The Phrygi or Bryges (or Brigi, meaning
highlanders in local languages) were one of the three main Trojan (Illyrian) tribes in Trojan war
according to Homer’s epic Iliad. In the top depiction of Trojan dance, the players are holding
a cloverleaf (the symbol of Illyrian god Triglav meaning Three-head) - a symbol of Trojans.
Phrygian cap is a symbol of liberty worldwide, e.g. the Seal of the US Senate.

The most picturesque stećak of ancient Bosnia (Zgošća near Kakanj), ascribed to me-
dieval Bosnia. However, the stećak does not feature any symbols from the medieval period.
All ornaments on the stećak originated in Antiquity: frequent antiquity motifs Leaf of Life and
Tree of Life(top), versus golden Leaves of Life, found in a female tomb at Mycenae, Greece
(1600 BCE), from Archaeological Museum in Istanbul (bottom). The displayed stećak is from
antiquity and not medieval, as seen from the fact that stone slabs from the walls surrounding
ancient city of Daorson near Stolac were too made in the style found in the walls of the Greek
city of Mycenae.

Stećci with motifs added by followers of the Gothic cult of Germanic God of snakes, 7th-
9th century, amateurishly interpreted in the UNESCO nomination (and designation as a
national monument) as a ”depiction of dragons from the 12th century.”] so to place a necropolis
in Catholic pilgrimage shrine at Međugorje on the list of World Heritage and thus ascribe
another symbol of Old Bosnian Civilization to Catholicism (the necropolis has no clear symbols
of Christianity).

Stećak with an astral motif, probably of 3-taled comet Hyakutake discovered in 1996 as
the brightest (having the closest approach to Earth) since the beginning of optical astronomy
(around 250 years). Hyakutake could be observed for nearly 6 months day and night with a
naked eye, and it is the only known 3-tailed Great comet (20 or so historical comets visible
with naked eye day and night). Its orbital period estimated as 17330 yrs means that comet
Hyakutake last time passed by the Earth in 6670 BCE, which is then the likely time of engraving
of the stećak. Astronomical symbol for a comet � (circle with 3 rays) is of unknown origin,
reaches in deep Antiquity and astronomy inherited it from astrology, so the symbol likely
represents comet Hyakutake whose earlier spectacular pass-by around the Earth got captured
on the above stećak. This means that Stone Age in Bosnia (Illyria) ended before ending in
the Middle East - c. 7500 BCE, instead of 5200 BCE as imputed by the schools of thought
dominated by Catholic philosophers i.e. scholars who consider Butmir Culture (5200 BCE),
although the oldest artistic culture, as merely ”imported” from the Middle East, and that it did
not develop naturally from creative abilities of Illyrians who in that case could not be considered
a civilization and thus antecedent to both Greek civilization and Ancient Rome - in other words
as the cradle of today’s Western and other civilizations. The comet sighting was likely source
of Illyrian (”Slavic”) theology in which the supreme god Triglav(meaning: The 3-headed) is
the highest deity of ”Sky, Earth, and Underworld”. Romans (Vatican) plagiarized the supreme
Illyrian god (incorporated it into their fake religion) as a doctrine of Holy Trinity: Sun -”Father”,
Earth -”Son”, Underworld -”Holy Spirit”.

Ancient Celtic tombstone from Ireland, Bosnian style, the Tree of Life with Sun-on-top
motif (old style, before 1200 BCE). One of the proofs that Celts are originally from Bosnia
(Illyria), and not Germany as the west-European historiography imputes.

Typical stećak from today’s Serbia, with the same motif as the upper stećak from Bosnia
(the supreme Illyrian deity Triglav represented by the metaphor of Three Suns, i.e. a three-tale
comet). Stećci of Serbia are more complex in expression and form than Bosnian stećci, making
them also more recent. That, together with a significantly greater number of Bosnian stećci
(the Illyria Proper, after J. Wilkes) of over 85 % relative to the neighboring countries, constitutes
one of the proofs that the Old Bosnian (Illyrian) civilization spread from Bosnia outward in a
radial fashion, first to today’s Serbia, the Danube basin, and further.

Stećak near Jelašak, Olovo, Bosnia. Stećak destroyed by the Church in the 1960s, un-
der the pretext of ”expansion of the Catholic cemetery”. The specimen contained astral
motifs and an unknown lettering with numerous glyphs shared with the Tartaria-Vinča script
(5500-5200 BCE) and the unknown script of the Harappa culture, India (3300-1300 BCE). The
text was titled ”ILOS” – Greek for Ilus, the founder of the city of Ilios (lat. Illium), that later
became known as Troy. Homer in Iliad mentions ”The tomb of Ilus, son of Dardanos, in the
middle of the Troy lands”. Great Germanic imperialism through Vuk Karadžić, who was on
Austria’s and Germany’s payroll, imposed a grammar and spelling that suited that imperialism
- by the expulsion of ”Greek” letters as a key proof that the Illyrian (Vinčan) script, which is also
found on stećci like the one depicted above, was the origin of ancient literacy including Eastern.

Stećak from Žgošće near Kakanj, Bosnia, with motifs of ancient astrology. It also con-
tains a common symbol of the Star of the North (top right), usually depicted in ancient scrolls as
letter x with four ”crescent moons” (in fact, highlighted stellar rays, as the observers saw it with
the naked eye in the night sky). In a simplified form, the symbol resembles the coat of arms of
Illyria, but it is merely a prayer mark expressing a desire for happiness and success. Namely,
the coats of arms of pre-Antiquity and Antiquity states are exclusively connected with kings
and their dynastic symbols such as scepter, crown, throne, etc., but not with astral symbols
that belonged exclusively to clergy and religions as official insignia.

Illyrian city Dillultnnum (Hutovo city), at the site of a prehistoric settlement, with so called 3
necropoleis of stećak tombstones. An ancient road connects it to another Illyrian city Daorson
nearby. The ancient noun is a Latin mocking riddle: di ult num (”Do the gods last?”) by which
the Church mocks the Illyrian polytheism after the Romans demolished the city. Some facilities
were added in the 18th century.

The Hum tablet found near Ljubuški in Southern Bosnia,

which some place in the 10th century and consider the oldest document of literacy in Bosnia,
claiming that it was written in Bosančica (the Bosnian version of the Cyrillic alphabet). However,
only a minor part of the text can be deciphered by Bosančica, while the incomplete translation
gives illogical words and location names that do not exist in post-Antiquity Bosnia. On the other
hand, the Hum tablet shows some similarities with the Vinča script, while sharing some glyphs
as well.

The first step towards destruction of a nation is destruction of its memory. Destroy
its books, culture and history and then find someone to write new books, invent a
new history. Such a nation will soon start to forget what it is and what it was.
fakeflamenco (2018-07-31 15:21:07)
Very interesting to follow the migration of people and their symbols. It would be interesting to have a
map and timeline connected to these images. Thanks.

divandamir (2018-08-01 05:40:24)

Thank you for your comment. I am working on it. Damir

1.1.4 Bosnian heresy (2018-07-06 10:46)

Don t know how much you are familiar with Bosnian Church and Manichaeism ...

If you are not sure what Manichaeism is,

Or you dont know who Torquemada is %C3 %A1s _de


But just to know thanks to this man and this document Ottoman Empire received green light
from Pope Pius II to attack and destroy Bosnian Kingdom 1463.

Last sanctuary in Europe at that time for the heretics, Waldensians, Cathars, Patarens,
Bogumils and so called witches.

Vatican army was not able to attack Bosnia at that time directly and destroy them thanks
to the ultimatum of Pope Innocent III to our king Kulin Ban and signed Act of Abjuration in
Biljino Polje 1203.

Instead us 1209 they attack Occitanie n _Crusade

>That story started long before and still going on...

Fifty Manichean fallacies in Bosnia according to Torquemada

Theological structure of Bosnian heresy according to inquisitor Torquemada: Cardinal

Juan Torquemada, uncle of the infamous Spanish grand inquisitor Tomas Torquemada, in
1461 compiled a list ”fifty Manichean fallacies in Bosnia”. Namely, that year three Bosnian
nobles were brought in chains to Rome (”three champions of heresy, influential in the king’s
court”). Cardinal Torquemada questioned them and studied their religion for a whole year
and found 50 fallacies. He had Croatian priests at his side, and especially Luka de Talentis,
archdeacon from island Korčula, who was at the time serving among the pope’s curia. In the
end he interpreted to the three Bogomil’s the list of cardinal Torquemada and based on that list
on May 14th 1461 they renounced all 50 ”Manichean fallacies” and promised that they will try
to persuade their countrymen to change their opinion and renounce them as well. After the
ceremonial renunciation the three Bosnian Christians returned to Bosnia. The two of them kept
their promises, and one of them reclaimed and escaped into the parts where Stepan Kosača
ruled ”his friend in unbelief”.

Fifty Manichean fallacies in Bosnia according to Torquemada:

1. There are two gods, one of which they call supreme good, and the other supreme

2. There are two principles. The first they call god of light and the other god of dark-

3. Some angels have an evil nature and they couldn’t stop sinning.

4. Lucifer ascended into the sky and fought god and he brought many angels from there.

5. Human souls are demon’s trapped inside bodies.

6. Evil angels, trapped in bodies, will return into heaven with the help of baptism, cleansing
and repentance.

7. They condemn and reject the Old Testament. They say it stems from the god of

8. For the angel that spoke to Moses on the hill Sinai, they claim he was evil.

9. They accept the New Testament only partially. They deny that Jesus was born by a
woman and they don’t accept his genealogy.

10. They renounce the patriarchs and prophets of the Old Testament. Norns.

11. They condemn the blessed John the Baptist and claim that there is no greater devil
in hell than him.

12. The tree of knowledge (of good and evil) was a woman, and Adam sinned for hav-
ing sex with her and that’s why he was cast out of heaven.

13. Blessed Marry was not a woman nor female being but an angel.

14. Son of god took a pseudo-body and not a real one.

15. Christ didn’t truly suffer nor died, nor did he go to heaven or hell, but all that he did
was illusory.

16. They believe that their church was God’s.

17. They are successors of the apostles, and their heresy is the bishop of the church
and the deputy and successor of Peter.

18. The Roman church was condemned and cast out.

19. Everyone is a pope, from Saint Peter to Saint Sylvester, whether their religion or
not, and saint Sylvester was the first one who went rogue.

20. They condemn brick churches and called them synagogues, and for those that pray
inside them, they say they are performing idolatry.

21. Use of pictures inside churches is idolatry.

22. Sign of the cross is the devil’s symbol.

23. They despise the service of the lord, laude and hymns, they say it’s all contrary to
Christ’s gospel and his teachings.

24. They make fun of and condemn worship of holly relics.

25. All reverence of saints which is done in churches is condemned and made fun of
and they say one should only pray to god and worship him.

26. Their elders allow the people to pray to them, saying that they are without sin and
that they carry the holy ghost in them (Parakletos).

27. They condemn church sacraments.

28. They renounce baptism which is done in the water and they say that it is John’s
baptism and that it cannot save anyone.

29. They claim that’s Christ’s baptism is done without water, by placing a book of the
gospel on the chest and imposition of hands.

30. With their baptism everyone achieves forgiveness of sins and becomes as holly as
Peter himself.

31. A child cannot be saved before it reaches the age of reason.

32. Full worth and power of baptism comes to the baptised from merit of the baptist.

33. The number of times the baptist sins, that’s how many souls, though they be in
heaven, will fall into hell.

34. The number of times the baptist sins, that’s the number of baptisms those that he
baptised will need.

35. They renounce the sacrament of confirmation.

36. They say that the Christ’s body cannot turn into bread, and if it is turned, we cannot
eat it.

37. They renounce the sacrament of penance, they say that sins are forgiven by their
repeat baptism.

38. They renounce the sacrament of the last ointment. The chapter Norns and Norns
kad NAZI Norns feet nine skied

39. They renounce the sacrament of the (holy) order.

40. Bodily marriage is adultery.

41. Every sin is a death sin.

42. Renouncing every church authority, they say that no one must be excommunicated.

43. They renounce enjoyment of meet, they say that no one who eats meet or cheese
or dairy products can be saved if they are not baptised again.

44. They deny resurrection and say that the body that dies now will never resurrect but
the spirit will.

45. They claim that there is no purgatory. They say that there is no middle way be-
tween heaven and hell. 46. They renounce prayers which are used for the deceased inside
the church.

47. It’s a death sin to kill animals or birds, also to smash eggs.

48. They condemn blood justice which is done by worldly leaders.

49. They condemn all oaths.

50. They forbid giving charity, they reject and rebuff acts of mercy.

1.1.5 Illyrians, 5000 years after... (2018-07-05 13:34)

The Illyrians, were a warlike, mystical people, with shaman cults is known regardless of
the fact that there is little data about them. But, the thing that is more interesting is the fact
that it has been written by Roman historians, such as Pliny, that among the Illyrians there were
many magicians, healers and clairvoyants of high regard, known across the Roman Empire.

Illyrian religion constituted numerous shaman cults where among the most important
deities were those that represented symbols of the cult of fertility - god Vidasus (Cernunnos,
Pan) and Tana (Diana, Aradia). Similarly, among the numerous spirits and god’s of the earth
(nature) and sky, the dominant place was occupied by the snake, incarnation of the Grand
Mother, to whom the heart and threshold were dedicated. Still today in Bosnia it is traditionally
believed that every house has its own snake protector, which protects the home and family
from evil and bad luck. That this belief is not one of the many but very important, but also holly,
is confirmed by its taboo - if the snake is accidentally or on purpose killed, the owner of the
house will die.

According to a legend the snake is not only the protector of the house but also planet
earth. Namely, in Bosnian mythology it is mentioned that above earth there is a gigantic snake
which formed a circle with her body (bit its own tail) around the planet and in that way it protects
it from all danger and bad luck, which additionally justifies her name of a protector.

Illyrian are equally prone to worshiping both earth spirits and gods as well as celestial
ones, among which we will single out sun and moon as well as the stars. The belief of the
Illyrians that stars are the seats of the human soul reveals an intriguing fact that our ancestors
considered that they stem from another planet, i.e. space. Traditional belief in Bosnia claims
that one should not gaze at the stars at night because of the fear that at that moment one
of them doesn’t ”fall”, because if it happens to be the star of that person, the person will die
immediately?! Analysing certain segments of Illyrian legends and beliefs, such as the one
about the black dragon, god of evil, which attacks the sun and moon trying to swallow them
(black out), we can see parts of the ancient myth about the demise of a civilization or even
planets from which the ancestors of the Illyrians escaped.

Representation of the snake as the Grand Mother, symbol of life, and protector of hu-
mans from one side and the black dragon, god of evil, which constantly attacks sun and moon,
trying to devour them and cause the end of life on earth, and humans themselves, is an ancient
myth about the struggle of good and evil. But, behind it all is something much deeper and
mystic. We could refer here to the theory of David Icke about the reptilian race of earth, which
is present from the ancient times of Sumerian and Babylon, whose symbols are represented
in various segments of the ruling families throughout the world, nowadays.

If we recap the history of religion at its very beginning we will come to an obvious fact
that today’s monotheistic god is twice as young as all pagan gods, and that the teaching of
monotheism cannot be taken seriously in the attempts to fathom the history of the human
race and its genesis, irrespective of the fact that monotheism, especially Christianity, took
numerous segments of the pagan religion. The oldest religious movement which is familiar to
us is the Neolithic cult of the Grand Mother, which is called the first and oldest deity in human
history. And the Grand Mother is what connects the Illyrians with the reptiles (snake, dragon,
salamander) and their alien heritage or ancient race from which they stem.

There is a large possibility that the Illyrians had some connection or even common her-
itage with the people from India, which can be grasped if we analyse certain legends from
Bosnian mythology. The most interesting tale about the mysterious creatures called utve
zlatokrile - half humans, half birds, which didn’t have sexual distinctions. It is claimed that they
have escaped from India to Bosnia, ”that cursed land”.

Another rarity of the Bosnian people but also connection with India is located in the tradi-
tional belief in the migration of the human’s soul into an animal and vice versa (reincarnation),
which is actually the basic concept of the Bogomils in Bosnia during the Middle ages. How
much this belief was widespread and accepted from the folk is best witnessed from the fact that
still today in the 21st century, there are old people who prolong the belief about the migration of
the soul. In Velika Kladuša there are still old ladies from which you can hear the claim that evil
people, especially murderers and thieves, turn into cows after death, horses, pigs, etc. so that
they could repay their sins in the new life, serving other people. This traditional belief, which is
found in total opposition about the classic monotheistic maxim of the soul leaving to heaven or
hell, clearly points to the deep rooted belief about reincarnation among the Bosnian people.

In the end, we will return to the beginning of the text which speaks about the Illyrians as
skilled mages and clairvoyants and the part about the belief in the connection of humans and
stars in the sky and we will compare all that with the hinduistic teaching about chakras. Ajna or
the sixth chakra is located in the middle of the forehead, above the eyebrows, and is connected
with the pineal gland which is inactive in most humans, and it gives the ability of telepathy,
clairvoyance, astral projection, etc. to mystics. This sixth chakra is often called the third eye
and can be seen on ancient drawings of numerous deities.

In Illyrian-Bosnian tradition the third eye is called ”star” which has the function to con-

nect man with its star in the sky, seat of the soul. In practice this belief is widespread among
the stravarke which annul negative energy while performing the ritual, using molten lead,
covering their forehead with their hand i.e. their ”star” for fear of negative energy blocking their
invisible connection with the star in the sky. As each one of them claim, if that would happen,
it could be possible for them to lose their mind and fall ill physically. This ritual process directly
goes in favour of the assumption that the Illyrian believed that they stem from another planet,
with which they stayed in contact through the ”star” on their forehead or the third eye. Or that
their astral bodies descended to earth and populated it in the bodies of some ancient human
beings. From that event it is easy to assume that through the generations they lost the precise
detail from which part of the universe and from which planet they came so they considered all
of the stars to be seats of the soul and their genesis.

1. Illyrians were only culture which succeeded to conquere Babylon.

On the way back from India to Illyria after Babylonians poisoned Alexander a lot of them stay
in the countries where Illyrians ruled. Like Hunza people or Illyrian Egipt established 332 B.C.
by Ptolomej ended with Cleopatra 30 B.C. and many others. Thanks to them we still have a lot
of Sanskrit words in our language. Thanks to the Franciscans we also have our family signs
saved from that time to nowadays.

Now is a time to start to remember who realy we are ...

Dragons on Stecaks
Dragons on Stecaks

Pegasus on Stecak near Daorsoon

Illyrian solder on Stecak reffering to Orion constalation

[1] _(constellatioshe remembersn)


Damir (2018-07-07 05:34:01)

Archeological find of the Illyrian fleet of more than 30 ships, sunk or docked during a defensive war or
natural cataclysm in the Illyrian harbor (dated in ca. 3000 BCE) at the peak of the Illyrian Empire. Desilo
underwater archaeological site, Svitavsko marshland (Donje Hutovo blato). According to the Bosnian
archaeologist Snježana Vasilj, the artifacts and the documentation were stolen by the Croatian state,
after which this first discovery of Illyrian ships was heavily censored in the west. In addition to about half
of the Hutovo marshland being devastated by unnecessarily transforming the Svitava marshland into
an accumulation lake of Čapljina hydroelectric power plant, today’s great-catholic and great-Germany
planners in their Geo strategy of culturocide are also trying to lay the Vc highway right through the
middle of the Hutovo marshland and thus additionally damage the site as well as the valuable natural
reserve there. At Desilo, archaeologists have identified a culture from early Bronze Age, making the
site approach in its significance the Mt. Rudnik site in Serbia where the Bronze Age presumably began.

Illyrians, 5000 years after … – Damir na divanu (2018-09-23 00:37:17)

[…] Illyrians, 5000 years after … […]

(2018-07-04 11:55)

Celtic goddess of moon Arianrhod on a Bosnian stecak

Arianhod is known under several names: ”High Fruitful Mother”, ”Silver Wheel”, ”Silver Circle”,
”Sky Goddess”, etc. In etymology it is considered that her name comes from the Welsh word
”silver” or ”ariawyn” - ”silver woman”. The origin of the name is also brought into connection
with Ariadne or Aradia, Greek lunar goddess, which is connected to the cult of the growing
moon. Ariana, whose meaning is ”one very holly”, is a familiar Illyrian name and is very present
today on the territory of Albania, Kosovo and BiH. Other variations of this name are also in use
such as Ilirijana or Ilirija.

Important notice :

While you are reading about Arianrhod, press to listen [youtube &w=560 &h=315]

and try to remember what brings you back in to Bosnia...

Arianrhod is the Celtic Goddess of the Moon, the Stars and the Sky. She has also been
known by such other names, as Margawse or Morgause, and by such titles as the Goddess
of Childbirth, Magick, Justice and the Night. In Wales, Arianrhod takes on other attributes as
well, when she becomes the Goddess of the Wheel of the Year and the Goddess of the Full
Moon, Destiny, Fertility, Death and Reincarnation. What is extremely important is the fact that
Arianrhod is also the Goddess of Feminine Power, an integral part of the Divine Feminine.

Legend tells us that Arianrhod was the most powerful of all the children born to the great Mother
Goddess Don and her consort Beli; and that she was extremely beautiful, with very pale skin.
She was also believed to have been both sister and wife to Gwydion, and the mother of the
twins: Llew, a Sun God, and Dylan, a God of the Sea.

Arianrhod was also a Magician Goddess, and she was considered by most to be a Maiden
Goddess as well, living her life in much the same manner as the Greek Goddesses Artemis
and Athena; surrounded only by women. In reality, however, Arianrhod actually lived a much
wilder and freer life, frequently enjoying herself sexually and having a distinct preference for
mermen. Arianrhod’s symbols are the cauldron and the white sow. The cauldron was an
important symbol of feminine power, in the pre-Christian, Pagan world, while the white sow
indicates that she had a strong connection to the Underworld. Arianrhod is also believed to
have a powerful association with the sea.

In Irish tradition, a prophacy existed stating that a Goddess among them would manifest
herself as a weaver. Arianrhod has the perfect qualities necessary to be that weaver. She
has great strength and independence, and those qualities would be extremely important to
whomever, indeed, would manifest themselves in that role. If Arianrhod actually is that weaver,
then she might be compared to the Greek Fates, or to the Norns or Disir of the Norse and
Teutonic pantheons. The suggestion that Arianrhod might possibly be that weaver follows a
strand, which connects many different cultures, and it is well known that these weavers have,
perhaps the greatest power of all, because as they weave they control the lives of both men
and Gods alike.

The name Arianrhod means ”Silver Wheel,” or ”Silver Circle,” which name is indicative of
her role as a Goddess of the Full Moon, and in her role as the Mother in a typical Welsh
Triple Goddess Trinity. She has also been known as the ”Virgin White Goddess of Birth,
Initiation, Death and Rebirth,” and the ”Silver Wheel that Descends into the Sea.” Her palace,
or spiral tower in the sky, is known as Caer Arianrhod, or the ”Castle of the Silver Wheel,”
although it may be better known, to some, as the Aurora Borealis or the Milky Way, which con-
stellation has also been associated with the Goddess Ariadne, Arianrhod’s Greek Counterpart.

Arianrhod was the Mistress of Caer Sidi, the Otherworld Tower of Initiation. When peo-
ple died, they were taken to Caer Sidi where they would spend the time that they had between
their incarnations. It has been said that it was at Caer Sidi that poets learned the wisdom of
the stars. When warriors died in battle, it was Arianrhod’s role to gather up their souls, put
them aboard her ship, known as Oar Wheel, and then transport them to Emania, which was
also known as Moonland. It was then, when they finally arrived at Moonland, that Arianrhod
initiated the Otherworld souls into their new lives at Caer Sidi.

Arianrhod also takes on the role of the Mother in a Welsh Triple Goddess trinity, in which
Blodeuwedd is the Maiden, and Cerridwen the Crone. It was Arianrhod’s face, as well, that
appeared as one of the faces of the Mother Goddess, who was worshipped by the Sisterhood
of Nine in Avalon.

Arianrhod plays a major role in the tale known as Math, the Son of Mathonwy , which appears
in the Welsh collection of stories, known as The Mabinogion . Although The Mabinogion was
written between the second half of the 11th Century and the end of the 13th Century, C.E., it
was not until 1849 that Lady Charlotte Guest translated the Red Book of Hergest (c. 1400)
into English. The Red Book of Herges is a manuscript that contains four major sections that
make up the main body of
The Maginogion
, as well as eleven anonymous tales which appear to be taken from Welsh mythology and
folklore, dealing primarily with Arthurian legend.

The name, The Mabinogion , was taken by Lady Guest from the final line in each of the four
main sections of the work, which state: ”Here endeth the First Branch of the Mabinogion,” or the
”Second Branch,” or the ”Third,” and then on through the ”Fourth.” Math the Son of Mathonwy
comprises the Fourth Branch of The Mabinogion , and includes within it a tale regarding the
Goddess Arianrhod, as well as a continuation of that tale, dealing with the flowerfaced Goddess
Blodeuwedd. In The Mabinogion , Arianrhod was cast as the daughter of the Goddess Don,
the sister of Gwydion, and the niece of the magician Math. Stories, however, are frequently
not what they appear to be on the surface, and it sometimes might be necessary, for you to
look a great deal deeper if you wish to discover the truth.

In The Mabinogion’s version of this myth, Math was a Magician King who, as a part of
retaining that Kingship, was required to have his feet placed in the lap of a maiden (a virgin)
whenever he was not engaged in battle. The fair and lovely Goewin was Math’s footholder,
and as such she was the source of both his sovereignty and his power.
One day, Arianrhod’s brother, Gwydion, came upon their younger brother, Gilvaethwy, who
appeared to be extremely depressed. When Gwydion inquired as to why his brother seemed
that way, Gilvaethwy confided in him, telling him of his desire for the maiden Goewin. Goewin,
however, was their uncle’s footholder, and as such she was constantly by their uncle’s side,
thereby making it impossible for Gilvaethwy to ever be alone with her. No other way existed,
other then by Math going to war, for Gilvaethwy to be alone with Goewin so that he might tell
her of his feelings. The thought that Goewin would continue being Math’s footholder, and as
such, always remain a virgin, did not sit well with Gilvaethwy either. Not at all well.

Then, through deceit, lies and a magickal spell, Gwydion was able to create a war, which Math
went off to fight leaving Goewin behind, waiting at Caer Dathyl for his return. With a slight
feeling of smugness about him, Gilvaethwy knew quite well that Gwydion had created the
perfect ruse by using his magick to create a war, thereby allowing him the time he needed to
make Goewin aware of how great his love for her truly was.

When Math went off to war a great battle ensued, and what had begun as a lie and a
magickal spell, ended up as a bloodbath. Many worthy men were killed in that war, and among
them was King Pryderi, the son of the mortal King Pwyll, and the Goddess Rhiannon.

Once Math had left to go and fight in the war, Gilvaethwy went directly into Math’s cas-
tle. He then sat down, exactly where Math always sat, whenever soon the sundown his
feet were resting in the lap of the fair Goewin. Quite rudely, Gilvaethwy proceeded to order
everyone in the court to quickly leave him, except for the maiden Goewin, who he forced to stay
there with him, completely against her will. It was there and then, upon Math’s own couch, that
Gilvaethwy raped the maiden Goewin, and when he had finished, that which he had begun, he
left the maiden Goewin a maiden no more.

Since Goewin had lost her maidenhood, she was no longer able to act as Math’s footholder,
since it had been her virginity which had given her the ability to grant Math the sovereignty of
his kingship and kinship with his land.

When the battle had ended, and King Pryderi had been buried, Math returned to Caer
Dathyl, immediately inquiring as to where the maiden Goewin might be. It was then that
Goewin appeared before him and, with tears running down her cheeks, she explained to Math
that she could no longer act as his footholder, since her virginity had been taken from her
against her will, by his nephew Gilvaethwy, through the plotting and treachery of Gilvaethwy’s
brother, Gwydion.

Shortly thereafter, Math discovered that the war had actually been created by one of
Gwydion’s magickal spells, and that the war that was, was a war that should never have been.
It became extremely clear to Math that Gwydion had created the war, so that Gilvaethwy could
be alone with Goewin. However, instead of acting like a gentleman in love, Gilvaethwy had
acted brutally, and the way in which he had shown his love was by the violent act of raping

Math was deeply concerned for Goewin, not only because she was the source of his
power and his sovereignty, but also because she was extremely dear to him. Obviously upset
by what he had just learned, Math told Goewin that he would compensate her for everything
that had been done to her, and as a part of that compensation, he would take her hand in
marriage. Then he contiued by telling her that he would give to her everything that was his to

The great scope of all that had happened suddenly appeared before Math like a brightly
shining light, and it became known to him in that moment of clarity, that it was Gwydion who
had masterminded the entire ruse. Not only had Gwydion used his magick to cause the war,
but he also was responsible for the death of several hundred men, including, among them, the
noble King Pryderi. The men who had died in the war, had not done so because of honor, nor
had they done so because of valor. Rather, they had lost their lives solely because of a selfish
plot to remove Math from his footholder, thereby giving Gilvaethwy the opportunity he needed,
to deflower the maiden Goewin. That event also caused other problems for Math, since he
needed to find a maiden to act as his footholder.

When Math finally caught up with Gwydion and Gilvaethwy, he advised them that they
were going to be punished. He was not punishing them for causing the war, which was for
what they had expected the punishment to be. Rather, they were being punished because of
the way in which they had harmed Goewin.

To begin their punishment, Math took his magick wand and struck both Gilvaethwy and
Gwydion with it, turning them into a mated pair of deer. It was then that he told them to go out
into the world, and to act in the same manner as the animals they had become. He then added
that when an entire year had passed, they should return to Caer Dathyl to see him.

When Gilvaethwy and Gwydion returned after one turn of the Wheel of the Year, it was
not the two of them that returned. Rather, there were actually three. Math went down to
greet them, and he could easily see that a young fawn was standing there with them. He told
them, that he would be taking the fawn and that he would baptize it, giving it the name of Hydwn.

Then Math took out his magick wand, and once again touched each of them. However,

when he touched them that second time, they were not changed back into men. Instead, they
had been changed into a mated pair of wild hogs. Math told them, once again, to go out in the
world and live in the same manner that the wild hogs did, and to then return to him after one
full turn of the Wheel of the Year.

When they returned to Caer Dathyl after yet another year’s time, there appeared with
them a strong, young wild hog. Math struck the young hog with his magick wand and there,
before him, stood a fine, fair, auburn-haired youth. Once again, Math informed his nephews
that he would take the young man and baptize him, thereby giving him the name of Hychdwn.

Math then touched his nephews with his magick wand. Gilvaethwy and Gwydion had
both believed that their punishment would finally be over. That, however, was not the case.
Instead, when Math once again touched each of them with his magick wand, this time they
were changed into a mated pair of wolves, and when they finally did return to Caer Dathyl after
one year’s time, there appeared with them a young wolf cub. As before, Math said that he
would take the young cub, so that he might baptize it, and that he was giving it the name of

This time, however, when Math struck Gwydion and Gilvaethwy with his magick wand,
each of them were returned to his own natural form. Then Math told the two of them that they
had, indeed, been punished for dishonoring the Lady Goewin, for when they had dishonored
her, they had also brought dishonor upon him.

After Math had observed Gwydion and Gilvaethwy for a while, he informed them that he
could see that they had finally obtained some peace within themselves, and it was because
of that that he would also give them his friendship, and that good old boy form of friendship
continued to grow.

Once all had been said and done, Math asked the two of them who they would suggest
to become his new footholder. Almost immediately the words seemed to fly out of Gwydion’s
mouth, as he said quite emphatically that his sister Arianrhod, who was the daughter of Don and
the niece of Math, would be the perfect choice for that role. Immediately thereafter, Gwydion
sent word to Arianrhod, advising her that she should immediately come to Court. (One can only
assume that the person or persons who wrote the Fourth Branch of the Maginogion was/were
using poetic license, since it appears that Math had gone for three full years without having a
footholder, while still retaining both his sovereignty and his land.)

When Arianrhod arrived at Caer Dathyl Math explained to her the specific requirements
necessary for the role of being his footholder. He also stressed that only a virgin would be
considered for that role. Arianrhod was slightly taken aback by that requirement because
it seemed to be a rather strange request, but she fully believed that it would not present a
problem since she believed that a virgin was an independent woman who was answerable only
unto herself.

Math then asked Arianrhod if she truly was a virgin, and she replied to him: ”I know not,
lord, other than that I am.” Unfortunately for Arianrhod, Math’s definition of a virgin was a rather
different then her own since he believed that a virgin was a woman who had never had sex.

In order to verify that Arianrhod was indeed a virgin, Math informed her that she would
have to pass a special test of virginity, which was a magickal test that he and Gwydion had

devised and which required Arianrhod to step over his magick wand. Then it happened, and
it took Arianrhod completely by surprise, because as soon as she stepped over the magick
wand she immediately gave birth to twin boys. The first child, Dylan, slipped quietly away to
the sea where he swam away like a fish across the waves, while the second child, who would
eventually be named Llew Llaw Gyffes, was hidden away and then adopted by Gwydion, who
chose to raise the child as his own.

Arianrhod was furious with Gwydion and Math, once she realized that they had purposely
plotted to shame her by exposing her lack of virtue for the whole court to see and, in her
enormous rage, she cursed her remaining son, swearing that the child would never have a
name, never bear a sword, and never marry a woman of this Earth.

Many of you might look upon the curse that Arianrhod placed upon her infant son as be-
ing unthinkable. Yet it was, indeed, a mother’s right to do exactly what Arianrhod did during
that particular period in Wales. Eventually, however, through deception and lies, Gwydion
was able to trick Arianrhod into both naming and arming Llew, but it was only through Math’s
magickal creation of Blodeuwedd that Llew was finally able to have a wife.

You might then argue that Arianrhod’s treatment of her infant son was totally uncalled
for. It might be wise, however, before you make any final judgment, to get a better picture of
the story and, in order to discover what actually may have occurred, it might be helpful if you
were to read between the lines.

When you read between the lines a plethora of possibilities appear, including the possi-
bility that Arianrhod’s children may have been forcibly, or even incestuously, conceived with
either her brother Gwydion or Uncle Math. Another view, which might fall very easily within the
story line, and one that might, in all likelihood, seem much closer to the truth, is the fact that
Arianrhod had never been pregnant, and that the birth of the twins had been accomplished
solely through the scheming and plotting of Gwydion and Math’s magick. They had set
Arianrhod up so that they could expose her lack of virtue for the whole court to see and, at the
same time, they had made her seem a fool. If Arianrhod’s actions are viewed in this light, then
it is easily understandable why she may have acted as she did, and it might be fitting for her
critics to reconsider their condemnations.

After all has been said and done, if there are those among you who still wish to judge
Arianrhod, let them take a closer look at this unique and complex Goddess. Not only was
Arianrhod the Goddess of the Moon, the Sky and the Stars, she was also the Goddess who
guided the dead along the pathway which brought them to their next stop on the Wheel of
Reincarnation. Arianrhod was a very strong and independent Goddess, representative of
many admirable and intelligent, women and Goddesses alike, who are prime examples of the
Divine Feminine, and who are so secure within themselves, that they feel no need to have a
man in their lives solely for the purpose of making them feel whole. Indeed, they are confidant
and purposeful women, that lesser men have been known to fear.

That may very well have been the reason behind Gwydion and Math’s attempt at sham-
ing Arianrhod, as well as their attempt at making her seem a fool. Since Arianrhod was the
most powerful child of the Great Mother Goddess Don, and a female child at that, these two
male magicians may have felt that Arianrhod was a threat to their ”masculinity,” which can
easily be seen as just another term for ”power.” If that truly was the case, then Gwydion and
Math’s actions proved to be nothing more then an unsuccessful attempt at enforcing patriarchal

rule, and the admonitions that have been raised against Arianrhod should immediately be

There are several other myths as well which had been put into written form during the
period when the Christian Church gained great power and control in Britain and there are
other Goddesses as well including Blodeuwedd, Branwen, and Rhiannon, whose myths also
appeared in written form, together with that of Arianrhod, in The Mabinogion .

However, before these tales had ever been set down into written form, they had been
told and re-told for centuries in the ancient oral tradition of the bards. Every time that a bard
told a tale, he would add something unique to his particular version of the tale. That was why
the tales of the bards were so wonderful and alive. That is also why, when you read the written
tales, the truth may just be hidden between the lines.

By the time that The Mabinogion was written, the Christian Church had already established
a strong foothold in Britain, and once the oral tales had been set down into written form, the
Church could easily control them, and the Church did whatever it had to do to hide the stories of
Gods and Goddesses and powerful matriarchal rule deep within The Mabinogion . Realizing
exactly what had to be done, the Church acted quickly and quietly as it re-wrote the tales in
such a manner that they reflected its strong patriarchal mores.

Many of the characters in The Mabinogion were based upon a variety of Pagan Gods
and Goddesses who were then used by the Church as vehicles to spread its anti-Pagan,
anti-Goddess rhetoric to the people. The Church strongly supported a conservative form of
conduct which it believed should be seen as a standard or ideal for people to follow in their
daily lives.

The recurring themes that exist throughout The Mabinogion , particularly the ones regarding
the Goddess Blodeuwedd, make it extremely clear just how large a role the Church actually
played in the collection’s creation. The Church’s goal was quite obvious, and it made its views
quite clear, that if people acted upon their uncontrolled sexual desires, which the Church
believed were the evil ways of the Goddess, then terrible consequences would occur.

In reality, however, even though the Church’s influence appears to have been ever present
in The Mabinogion , if people are willing to look beneath the surface, they might be very
surprised by what they will find. These tales are wonderful, magickal tales of the Goddess, yet
they were also the same exact tales that the Church appeared to be so anxious to hide.

Hopefully, you will be able to see these tales as more then just the written
word. Close your eyes, open your minds, and envision these tales as though you
were hearing them for the very first time from a bard. You might be wonderfully
surprised by what you will find. All you have to do is read between the lines.

The next evening that you happen to step outside, stop for a moment, relax, look up at the
evening sky, and gaze around at its amazing beauty.

You just might see Arianrhod sitting there, high upon her cosmic throne, surrounded by
the magnificence of the Aurora Borealis. One can only wonder what goes on in Arianrhod’s
mind as she continues to weave the tapestry of life, deciding the future of men and Gods alike,
with only a few turns of her wheel. Is it a wheel of fortune, or is it one of despair? That is all in
the stars.

Hymn to Arianrhod

Arianrhod of the Silver Wheel By all the names men give thee - We, thy hidden
children, humbly kneel Thy truth to hear, thy countenance to see. Here in the circle
cast upon the Earth Yet open to the stars - unseen, yet real - Within our hearts give
understanding birth, Our wounds of loss and loneliness to heal. Isis unveiled and
Isis veiled, thou art; The Earth below our feet, the Moon on high. In thee these two
shall never be apart - The magick of the Earth and Sky.

Celtic goddess of moon Arianrhod on a Bosnian stecak – Damir na divanu (2018-08-03 17:05:49)

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Edited: October 7, 2018