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MATERIAL PROPERTIES FOR DESIGN

TABLE 4.1 Tensile Strengths of 5086-H112 Plate as a Function of Thickness


Thickness
(in.)
Minimum
Tensile
Ultimate
Strength
(ksi)
Minimum
Tensile
Yield
Strength
(ksi)
Thickness
(mm)
Minimum
Tensile
Ultimate
Strength
(MPa)
Minimum
Tensile
Yield
Strength
(MPa)
0.250 to
0.499
36 18 4.00 to
12.50
250 125
0.500 to
1.000
35 16 12.50 to
40.00
240 105
1.001 to
2.000
35 14 40.00 to
80.00
235 95
2.001 to
3.000
34 14
terial�s stiffness and buckling strength. The modulus of elasticity of aluminum
alloys is roughly the weighted average of the moduli of its constituent alloying
elements, so it tends to be about the same for alloys in a given series. (For
example, for 6xxx series alloys, E is 10,000 ksi [69,000 MPa].) Temper does
not significantly affect the modulus of elasticity. Steel�s modulus (29,000 ksi
[200,000 MPa]) is about three times that of aluminum, making steel considerably
stiffer.
Compressive moduli of elasticity are given in Aluminum Specification (Table
3.3-1 [3.3-1M]) because the modulus of elasticity�s effect on strength is
limited to compression members, as we�ll discuss in Section 5.2.1. The modulus
varies from 10,100 ksi [69,600 MPa] to 10,900 ksi [75,200 MPa] (about
10%) for the alloys listed in the Aluminum Specification. Aluminum�s tensile
modulus of elasticity is about 2% less than its compressive modulus. Since
bending involves both tensile and compressive stress, bending deflection
calculations
use an average modulus, found by subtracting 100 ksi [700 MPa]
from the compressive modulus.
At strains beyond yield, the slope of the stress-strain curve is called the
tangent modulus and is a function of stress, decreasing as the stress increases.
The Ramberg-Osgood parameter n defines the shape of the stress-strain curve
in this inelastic region and is given in the U.S. Military Handbook on Metallic
Materials and Elements for Aerospace Structures (MIL HDBK 5) (137) for
many aluminum alloys. The Ramberg-Osgood equation is:
e # #/E # 0.002 (# /F )n y
where:
e # strain
# # stress
Fy # yield strength