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BIRU (Listening) 43. C.

a play
1. D. the comedy club is supposed to be 44. B. to make it easier for people
good 45. D. an exchange program for foreign
2. D. Check with the store later actors
3. C. she doesn’t play volley ball anymore 46. C. contributions
4. B. Professor stevens will accept the man’s 47. D. a potential application pf laser
5. C. help the man with his work technology
6. A. he was unable to buy a gift 48. B. it would be more durable than
7. C. the woman shouldn’t move the desk conventional engines
near the window 49. B. air
8. C. they look alike 50. B. a laser-powered train engine will be
9. A. he doesn’t want any dessert marketed soon
10. C. she liked the movie
11. A. the man will like vegetables if he Reading
prepares them well The work of the railroad pioneers in America
12. A. he has met nancy before. became the basis for a great surge of railroad
13. D. she really liked the concert she building halfway through the nineteenth century
attended that linked the nation together as never before.
14. A. the sweatshirt is too small Railroads eventually became the nation’s number
15. B. he needs a table for six one transportation system, and remained so until
16. B. he doesn’t want to go out in bad the construction of the interstate highway system
weather halfway through the twentieth century. They were
17. B. Prepare the medicine for the man of crucial importance in stimulating economic
18. C. at a dry cleaner’s home expansion, but their influence reached beyond the
19. B. he saved some of the food for the economy and was pervasive in American society
woman at large.
20. C. she needs to have some bandages By 1804, English as well as American
removed inventors had experimented with steam engines
21. D. its better to go early in the week for moving land vehicles. In 1920, John Stevens
22. She agrees with the man ran a locomotive and cars around in a circular
23. D. the man should take whichever class track on his New Jersey estate, which the public
he needs more saw as an amusing toy. And in 1825, after opening
24. A. hang up the phone a short length of track, the Stockton to Darlington
25. C. she’s going to ride her bike now Railroad in England became the first line to carry
26. B. He slept through the alarm general traffic. American businesspeople,
27. B. He’d like the woman to get the journal especially those in the Atlantic coastal region who
28. B. She’s concerned about missing her looked for better communication with the West,
plane in dallas quickly became interested in the English
29. C. make separate housing arrangements experiment. The first company in America to
30. B. he’s worried about the woman’s health begin actual operations was the Baltimore and
31. D. he has to do a lot of reading for his job Ohio, which opened a thirteen- mile length of
32. D. she has taken a speed reading class track in 1830. It used a team of horses to pull a
33. B. concern about the time commitment train of passenger carriages and freight wagons
34. A. at the dean’s office along the track. Steam locomotive power didn’t
35. C. proper techniques for making prints come into regular service until two years later.
36. B. she has more experience making prints However, for the first decade or more, there
than the man does was not yet a true railroad system. Even the
37. A. by systematically reviewing each step longest of the lines was relatively short in the
in a process 1830’s, and most of them served simply to
38. B. he adjusted the pressure on the printing connect water routes to each other, not to link one
press incorrectly railroad to another. Even when two lines did
39. B. the popularity of butterfly watching connect, the tracks often differed in width, so cars
40. C. many different butterfly species live from one line couldn’t fit onto tracks of the next
there line. Schedules were unreliable and wrecks were
41. A. looking for mate frequent. Significantly, however, some important
42. C. to observe the migration of the developments during the 1830’s and
monarch butterflies 1840’s included the introduction of heavier iron
rails, more flexible and powerful locomotives, and 6 Which of the following is NOT true about the
passenger cars were redesigned to become more 1830’s and 1840’s (line 24)
stable, comfortable, and larger. By the end of (a) passenger cars became larger
1830 only 23 miles of track had been laid in the (b) schedules were reliable
country. But by 1936, more than 1,000 miles of (c) locomotives became more powerful
track had been laid in eleven States, and within (d) tracks were heavier
the decade, almost 3,000 miles had been
constructed. By that early age, the United States 7 The word “stable” in line 26 is closest in
had already surpassed Great Britain in railroad meaning to
construction, and particularly from the mid- (a) fixed
1860’s, the late nineteenth century belonged to the (b) supportive
railroads. (c) reliable
(d) sound
1 The word “stimulating” in line 5 is closest in
meaning to 8 By what time had almost 3,000 miles of track
(a) helping been laid?
(b) changing (a) 1830
(c) promoting (b) 1836
(d) influencing (c) 1840
(d) mid-1860s
2 The word “their” in line 6 refers to
(a)railroad pioneers 9 The word “surpassed” in line 29 is closest in
(b) railroads meaning to
(c)the interstate highway system (a) exceeded
(d) American society (b) beaten
(c) overtaken
3 Which of the following can be inferred (d) equaled
from the passage?
(a) The United States regarded Great Britain as 10 Where in the passage does the author outline
a competitor in developing the most efficient the main conclusions about the
railroad system importance of railroads in America?
(b) Steam locomotive power was first used in (a) Lines 3-7
1832 (b) Lines 14-18
(c) American businessmen saw railroads as a (c) Lines 19-21
threat to established businesses (d) Lines 29-31
(d) Steam locomotives replaced horses because
of the distances across the country 11 Why does the author include details about
Great Britain in the passage?
4 The author concludes that for the first decade or (a) To compare developments in both the United
more, there was not yet a true States and Great Britain
railroad system because (b) To illustrate the competitiveness between the
(a) passenger cars were not stable, comfortable or two countries
large (c) To show where Americans got their ideas and
(b) locomotives were not powerful enough technology from
(c) schedules were unreliable and wrecks were (d)To provide a more complete historical
frequent context
(d) lines were relatively short and not usually
linked
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded annually
5 The word “schedules” in line 23 is closest in and the first woman to win this prize was
meaning to: Baroness Bertha Felicie Sophie von Suttner in
(a) safety procedures 1905. In fact, her work inspired the creation of the
(b) employees Prize. The first American woman to win this prize
(c) timetables was Jane Addams, in 1931. However, Addams is
(d) railroad tracks best known as the founder of Hull House.
Jane Addams was born in 1860, into a
wealthy family. She was one of a small number of
women in her generation to graduate from college. (b) Jane Addams is most famous for her opening
Her commitment to improving the lives of those of Hull House
around her led her to work for social reform and (c) those who lived near Hull House had very poor
world peace. In the 1880s Jane Addams travelled literacy skills
to Europe. While she was in London, she visited a (d) Jane addams considered herself as a citizen of the
‘settlement house’ called Toynbee Hall. Inspired world rather than of one particular country
by Toynbee Hall, Addams and her friend, Ellen
Gates Starr, opened Hull House in a neighborhood 14 The word “commitment” in line 6 is closest in
of slums in Chiacago in 1899. Hull House meaning to
provided a day care center for children (a) involvement
of working mothers, a community kitchen, and (b) obligation
visiting nurses. Addams and her staff gave classes (c) dedication
in English literacy, art, and other subjects. Hull (d) enthusiasm
House also became a meeting place for clubs and
labor unions. Most of the people who worked with 15 Jane Addams was inspired to open Hull House
Addams in Hull House were well educated, because:
middle-class women. Hull House gave them an a) it gave educated women an opportunity
opportunity to use their education and it provided to use their education and develop
a training ground for careers in social work. careers in social work
Before World War I, Addams was probably b) she traveled to Europe in the 1880s
the most beloved woman in America. In a c) she visited Toynbee Hall
newspaper poll that asked, “Who among our d) she was invited by a ‘settlement house’
contemporaries are of the most value to the in Chicago
community?”, Jane Addams was rated second,
after Thomas Edison. When she opposed 16 The word “their” in line 15 refers to
America’s involvement in World War I, however, (a) children of working mothers
newspaper editors called her a traitor and a fool, (b) middle-class women
but she never changed her mind. Jane Addams (c) visiting nurses
was a strong champion of several other causes.
Until 1920, American women could not vote. 17 The word “contemporaries” in line 18 is
Addams joined in the movement for women’s closest in meaning to
suffrage and was a vice president of the National (a) people of the same time
American Woman Suffrage Association. She was (b) famous people still alive
a founding member of the National Association (c) elected officials
for the Advancement of Colored People (d) people old enough to vote
(NAACP), and was president of the Women’s
International League for Peace and Freedom. . 18 According to the passage, Jane Addams’
Her reputation was gradually restored during the reputation was damaged when she
last years of her life. She died of cancer in 1935. (a) allowed Hull House to become a meeting place
for clubs and labor unions
(c) joined in the movement for women’s
12 With which of the following subjects is the suffrage
passage mainly concerned? (c) became a founding member of the NAACP
(a) The first award of the Nobel Peace Prize to an (d) opposed America’s involvement in World
American woman War I
(b) A woman’s work for social reform and world
peace 19 Where in the passage does the author
(c) The early development of Social Work in mention the services provided by Hull House?
America (a) lines 5-10
(d) Contributions of educated women to American (b) lines 10-15
society (c) lines 15-20
(d) lines 20-25
13 Which of the following can be inferred from
the passage?
(a) the work of Baroness Bertha Felicie Sophie von
Suttner was an inspiration
to Jane Addams
The medieval artists didn’t know about 21 The word “eternal” in line 3 is closest in
perspective; they didn’t want to make their people meaning to
look like real, individual people in a real, (a) timeless
individual scene. They wanted to show the truth, (b) infinite
the eternal quality of their religious stories. So (c) frequent
these artists didn’t need to know about (d) constant
perspective.
In the European Renaissance period, artists 22 According to the passage, which is the
wanted to show the importance of the main concern for medieval artists?
individual person and his or her possessions and (a) the individual person and his/her possessions
surroundings. A flat medieval style couldn’t show and surroundings
this level of reality and the artists needed a new (b) real people, real scenes
technique. It was the Italian artist Brunelleschi (c) eternal timeless truth of the earth
who discovered the technique of perspective (d) themes of religious stories
drawing. At first the artists of the Renaissance
only had single-point perspective. Later they 23 The discovery of perspective was the result of
realized that they could have two-pointed (a) Renaissance artists’ to prove that the
perspective and still later multi-point perspective. medieval artists could show level of reality
With two-point perspective they could turn an (b) the need to turn an object at an angle and
object (like a building) at an angle to the picture draw more than one side of it
and draw two sides of it. The technique of (c) the subject being shifted from religious
perspective which seems so natural to us now is stories to individual person and surroundings.
an invented technique, a part of the “grammar of (d) natural evolution of human senses
painting”. Like all bits of grammar there are
exceptions about perspective. For example, only 24 The word “it” in line 12 refers to
vertical and horizontal surfaces seem to meet on (a) the picture
eye level. Sloping roof tops don’t meet on eye (b) perspective
level. (c) angle
For 500 years, artists in Europe made use of (d) the object
perspective drawing in their
pictures. Nevertheless, there are a range of 25 The word “Grammar ” in line 13 is closest in
priorities that artists in displaying individual meaning to
styles. Crivelli wanted to show depth in his (a) construction
picture and he used a simple single-point (b) grammatical rules
perspective. Cezanne always talked about space (c) rules and regulations
and volume. Van Gogh, like some of the other (d) tones and volume
painters of the Impressionist period, was
interested in Japanese prints. And Japanese artists 26 The author’s purpose to give the example in
until this century were always very strong line14-15 is to
designers of “flat” pictures. Picasso certainly (a) explain how perspective work in painting
made pictures which have volume and depth. (b) support two-pointed perspective
However, he wanted to keep our eyes on the (c) illustrate that there are exceptions about
surface and to remind us that his paintings are perspective
paintings and not illusions. (d) point out that the technique of perspective
It is technically easy to give an illusion of though seems so natural is an
depth. However, a strong two dimensional design invented technique
is just as important as a feeling of depth, and
perhaps more important. 27 The following artists’ priorities in style shift
away from perspective except
20 The passage mainly discusses (a) Crivelli
(a) the difference between medieval and (b) Cezanne
Renaissance art (c) Japanese artists
(b) how the technique of perspective influenced (d) Brunelleschi
the modern art
(c) the discovery of the technique of perspective 28 The word ”Illusion” in line 25 is closest in
(d) the contribution of Renaissance artists meaning to
(a) deception
(b) photograph 30 The passage primarily discusses which of the
(c) decoration following
(d) illustration (a) Evidence that supports the “Out of Africa”
theory
29 It can be inferred from the passage that (b) Two hypotheses and some evidence on the
Renaissance artists human origins debate
(a) embraced the medieval style of eternal truth (c) The difficulties in obtaining agreement
(b) needed to develop a new approach towards among theorists on the human origins debate
painting to show a new level of reality (d) That fossils remain very much a part of the
(c) were inspired by vertical and horizontal human origins debate
surfaces in inventing the technique of perspective
(d) saw two dimensional design more important 31 The word “emergence” in line 1 is closest in
than a feeling of depth meaning to
(a) complexity
There are two main hypotheses when it comes (b) development
to explaining the emergence of modern humans. (c) appearance
The ‘Out of Africa’ theory holds that homo (d) decline
sapiens burst onto the scene as a new species
around 150,000 to 200,000 years ago in Africa 32 The word “proponents” in line 6 is closet in
and subsequently replaced archaic humans such as meaning to
the Neandertals. The other model, known as (a) experts
multi-regional evolution or regional continuity, (b) advocates
posits far more ancient and diverse roots for our (c) inspectors
kind. Proponents of this view believe that homo (d) historians
sapiens arose in Africa some 2 million years ago
and evolved as a single species spread across the 33 All of the following are true except
Old World, with populations in different regions (a) three methods of gathering evidence are
linked through genetic and cultural exchange. mentioned in the passage
Of these two models, Out of Africa, which (b) the multi-regional model goes back further
was originally developed based on fossil in history.
evidence, and supported by much genetic (c) the Out of Africa model has had more
research, has been favored by the majority of support from scholars
evolution scholars. The vast majority of these (d) DNA studies offer one of the best ways in
genetic studies have focused on DNA from living future to provide clear evidence.
populations, and although some small progress
has been made in recovering DNA from 34 The word “slim” in line 14 is closest in
Neandertal that appears to support multi- meaning to
regionalism, the chance of recovering nuclear (a) small
DNA from early human fossils is quite slim at (b) narrow
present. Fossils thus remain very much a part of (c) thin
the human origins debate. (d) difficult
Another means of gathering theoretical
evidence is through bones. Examinations of early 35 Which of the following is not true
modern human skulls from Central Europe and (a) the vast majority of genetic studies have
Australia dated to between 20,000 and 30,000 focused on living populations
years old have suggested that both groups (b) early modern human skulls all support
apparently exhibit traits seen in their Middle the same conclusions
Eastern and African predecessors. But the early (c) both hypotheses focus on Africa as a
modern specimens from Central Europe also location for the new species.
display Neandertal traits, and the early modern (d) early modern Australian skulls have
Australians showed affinities to similarities to those from Indonesia.
archaic Homo from Indonesia. Meanwhile, the
debate among paleoanthropologists continues , as 36 In line 18, the word “their ” refers to which
supporters of the two hypotheses challenge the of the following
evidence and conclusions of each other. (a) Middle Easterners and Africans
(b) skulls
(c) central Europeans and Australians
(d) traits Gilbreths had 12 children. By analyzing his
children’s dishwashing and bedmaking chores,
37 Which of the following is NOT true about this pioneer efficiency expert, Frank Gilbreth, hit
the two hypotheses on principles whereby workers could eliminate
(a) Both hypotheses regard Neandertals to be waste motion. He was memorialized by two of his
the predecessors of modern humans children in their 1949 book called “Cheaper by the
(b) Genetic studies have supported both Dozen”.
hypotheses The Gilbreth methods included using stop
(c) Both hypotheses cite Africa as an watches to time worker movements and special
originating location. tools (cameras and special clocks) to monitor and
(d) One hypothesis dates the emergence study worker performance, and also involved
of homo sapiens much earlier than the other. identification of “therbligs” (Gilbreth spelled
backwards) – basic motions used in production
38 It can be inferred from the passage that jobs. Many of these motions and accompanying
(a) there is likely to be an end to the debate in times have been used to determine how long it
the near future should take a skilled worker to perform a given
(b) the debate will interest historians to take part job. In this way an industrial engineer can get a
in handle on the approximate time it should take to
(c) the debate is likely to be less important in produce a product or provide a service. However,
future use of work analysis in this way is unlikely to lead
(d) there is little likelihood that the debate to useful results unless all five work dimensions
will die down are considered: physical, psychological, social,
cultural, and power.
39 According to the passage, the multi-regional
evolution model posits far more diverse roots for 40. What is the passage primarily about?
our kind because (a) The limitations of pioneering studies in
(a) Evidence from examinations of early understanding human behavior
modern human skulls has come from a number of (b) How time and motion studies were first
different parts of the world. developed
(b) DNA from Neandertal appears to support (c) The first applications of a scientific
multi-regionalism approach to understanding human behavior
(c) Populations in different regions were (d) The beginnings of modern management
linked through genetic and cultural exchange theory
(d) This has been supported by fossil evidence
41. The word “ which” in line 9 refers to
(a) scientific management
Although management principles have been (b) philosophy
implemented since ancient times, most (c) productivity
management scholars trace the beginning of (d) time and motion study
modern management thought back to the early
1900s, beginning with the pioneering work of 42. It can be inferred from the first paragraph
Frederick Taylor (1856-1915). Taylor was the first that
person to study work scientifically. He is most (a) workers welcomed the application of scientific
famous for introducing techniques of time and management
motion study, differential piece rate systems, and (b) Talor’s philosophy is different from the
for systematically specializing the work of industrial norms
operating employees and managers. Along with (c) by the early 1900s science had reached a stage
other pioneers such as Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, where it could be
Taylor set the stage, labeling his philosophy and applied to the workplace
methods “scientific management’. At that time, (d) workers were no longer exploited after the
his philosophy, which was concerned with introduction of scientific management.
productivity, but which was often misinterpreted
as promoting worker interests at the expense of
management, was in marked contrast to the
prevailing industrial norms of worker exploitation. 43. The word “prevailing” in line 10 is closest
The time and motion study concepts were in meaning to
popularized by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. The (a) predominant
(b) broadly accepted (c) Frank Gilbreth’s fame was enhanced by two
(c) prevalent of his children writing a book.
(d) common (d) analyzing work to increase productivity is not
likely to be useful unless all of the dimensions are
44. According to the passage, Frank Gilbreth considered.
discovered how workers could
eliminate waste motion by
(a) using special tools such as cameras and
clocks
(b) using stop watches
(c) applying scientific management principles
(d) watching his children do their chores

45. The basic motions used in production jobs


were given which one of
following names by Frank Gilbreth?
(a) dimensions
(b) gilreths
(c) therbligs
(d) monitors

46. According to the passage, the time it takes a


skilled worker to perform the
motion of a given job can be measured by
using:
(a) stop watches
(b) all 5 work dimensions
(c) special tools
(d) therbligs

47. The word “motions” in line 20 is closest in


meaning to
(a) stop watches
(b) habits
(c) actions
(d) special tools
48. Where in the passage does the author
comment that the principles of scientific
management were often misunderstood?
(a) Lines 1-5
(b) Lines 6-10
(c) Lines 11-15
(d) Lines 16-20

49. The word “ dimensions” in line 24 is closest


in meaning to
(a) sizes
(b) extents
(c) aspects
(d) standards

50. All of the following are true except


(a) scientific management was concerned with
productivity.
(b) the beginnings of modern management
thought commenced in the 19th century. HIJAU ( LISTENING)
1. (A) Her notebook is missing. bookstore .
(B) Her handwriting is difficult to read. (C) He didn't know where the bookstore was.
(C) She wasn't in class this morning, either. (D) He didn't refuse the bookstore job.
(D) She's already lent her notes to someone
else. 12. (A) She needed to change the letter before
mailing
2. (A) Get a schedule of events at the athletic it.
center (B) She didn't know how much postage was
(B) Refer to the bus schedule. needed.
(C) Wait for the shuttle in the student lounge . ¡¡ (C) She didn't have the right coins to buy
stamps.
(D) Borrow a schedule from another student . (D) The stamp machine has been moved .

3. (A) She looks good in blue 13. (A) They should go to lunch soon.
(B) She never wears sweaters. (B) He needs to make more coffee for lunch .
(C) She might prefer another color. (C) There is enough coffee for several more
(D) She enjoys receiving gifts. cups.
(D) He won't drink any more coffee today.
4. (A)Someone painted it for her.
(B) She finally had time to paint it. 14. (A)There are too many shopping centers
(C) She decided to paint it later. already.
(D) Some friends will help her paint it. (B) They aren't really going to build a
shopping
5. (A) Today's seminar was informative. center.
(B) Another seminar will take place the (C) He knew about the planned
following week. construction .
(C) Next week's seminar is on a different topic . (D) He hasn't been to the other shopping
(D) There will be two seminars next week. center .
6. (A) He's usually happy. 15. (A) She has to do some work tomorrow.
(B) He listens to music when he's in a good (B) She'll attend tomorrow's performance .
mood. (C) She doesn't intend to go to the play.
(C) He had to pay a high price for his stereo. (D) She can't work at the theater tomorrow.
(D) He's pleased with his purchase.
16. (A) She hasn't seen Kate.
7. (A) He can send the woman additional (B) Kate has changed her plans.
information. (C) The man had misunderstood her.
(B) The woman received the wrong bill. (D) The man should go to New York next
(C) He agrees that the charges are too high. week.
(D) He'll credit the woman's account.
17. (A) He doesn't want to attend the graduation
8. (A) Answer her calls. ceremony.
(B) Take her home. (B) He's attended only one graduation
(C) Write out a list of his calls. ceremony.
(D) Telephone her later in the day. (C) The woman doesn't have to attend the
graduation ceremony.
9. (A) Taking a test. (D) Attendance is taken at the graduation
(B) Giving Spanish tests to students. ceremony.
(C) Paying for private lessons.
(D) Studying. 18. (A) Someone from the housing office fixed the
10. (A) The window is broken. faucet.
(B) He's nervous about opening the window. (B) Allen called the housing office for her.
(C)It's not possible to open the window. (C) She replaced the faucet.
(D) It's too cold to open the window. (D) Allen repaired the faucet.

11. (A) He wasn't offered the job he had talked 19. (A) He didn't know that the woman was class
about .
(B) He didn't really want to work in the
treasurer.
(B) He doesn't want to be treasurer. 29. (A) She hadn't begun to study biology.
(C) He doesn't think the woman should run for (B) She hadn't liked the previous biology
office. course.
(D) He didn't know the elections were today. (C) She did very well in elementary biology.
(D) She'd already taken all the biology courses
20. (A) He doesn't have much time for tennis . .
(B) He's enthusiastic about his new courses.
(C) He plays tennis better than she does . 30. (A) She recently moved to Miami.
(D) He's not very interested in his school (B) She needed a vacation.
work. (C) She'll leave for Miami soon.
21. (A) He'll drive the woman to the paint store. (D) She was pleased to get his postcard.

Part B
(B) He doesn't really like the painting .
(C) He'll hold the painting for the woman . Questions 31-34
(D) He doesn't know where the painting is . 31. (A) It's too noisy.
22. (A) The man hurried through breakfast. (B) It's not convenient to the university.
(C) The heating system is defective.
(D) The owner is unpleasant.
(B) The room is too warm for a sweater.
(C) The man will be late if he doesn't hurry. 32. (A) Tell the owner two months in advance
(D) The man's appearance shows that he was that
rushed. she's moving.
23 .(A) The doctor wasn't feeling well . (B) Alert the housing authorities to her
(B) He didn't see the new doctor. problem.
(C) The doctor isn't new to the infirmary. (C) Move to another apartment in the same
(D) He met the doctor at a conference. building.
(D) Leave by the end of the month.
24. (A) Pay Marsha for the bookshelf.
(B) Ask Marsha where the bookshelf is. 33. (A) It must be on a higher floor.
(C) Check for the book on Marsha's shelf. (B) It must have quiet surroundings.
(D) Ask Marsha if she has an extra bookshelf. (C) It must be within driving distance of the
university.
25. (A)The man can get some paper at the new (D) It must be in a new building.
store.
(B) She just opened a new box of paper. 34. (A) Rent would be very expensive.
(C) She'll type the man's paper at her place . (B) Public transportation wouldn't be
(D) The man can buy today's paper at the available.
newsstand. (C) Apartment complexes in Windsor are old.
26. (A) She saw only part of it. (D) Apartments in Windsor tend to be noisy.
(B) She couldn't go to see it. Questions 35-38
(C) She wasn't in charge of it. 35. (A) Start a new program at State College.
(D) She didn't understand it. (B) Study at a different school.
27. (A) He doesn't like old movies. (C) Find a summer job.
(B) He didn't see a large number of movies . (D) Improve her grades.
(C) He saw more movies than the woman did.
(D) His children have seen many movies. 36. (A) Journalism.
28. (A) The airport is closed due to bad weather. (B) Science.
(C) Management.
(D) Art.
(B) An earlier closure affected the airport's
schedule. 37. (A) Its reputation isn't as good as State
(C) The flight is following its regular College's .
schedule. (B) She can't get a good recommendation
(D) The plane will return to its point of there .
departure. (C) The registration office hasn't answered her
letters yet .
(D) She may not get accepted there . 48. (A) Rats.
(B) Owls.
38. (A) Use her professors as references. (C) Mice.
(B) Study more to improve her grades . (D) Insects.
(C) Think more positively about the State
College 49. (A) They choked on sawdust.
program . (B) They were fed contaminated mice.
(D) Write to the head of the art department . (C) They were bitten by deadly insects.
(D) They escaped from the zoo.
39. (A) Summer vacation.
(B) The housing office. 50. (A)To illustrate a principle about
(C) Resident advisers. environmental
(D) Check-out procedures. poisons.
(B) To demonstrate the usefulness of
40. (A) Register for summer school. chemicals.
(B) Repair holes in room walls. (C) To show how bookkeepers raise mice in
(C) Return their keys to the housing office. captivity.
(D) Call the housing office. (D) To prove a point about the building
industry.
41. (A) Their summer addresses.
(B) Any damage to their rooms.
(C) When they plan to leave. STRUCTURE
(D) Questions for the housing office.
1. A dominant animal is best defined as one ….
Questions 42-45 Actions are not constrained by possible
42. (A) The liquefaction of gas. responses of its fellows.
(B) Techniques used for refrigeration. a) With
(C) Materials used to make industrial b) That is
containers c) Whose
(D) The cost of transporting natural gas d) Where its

43. (A) It becomes brittle. 2. In general, …. Have a professional obligation


(B) It expands. to protect confidential sources of information.
(C) It oxidizes. a. Which journalists
(D) It bends. b. Journalists, they
c. Journalists
44. (A) It has a low melting point. d. Journalists that
(B)It's expensive.
(C) It often contains impurities. 3. Cobalt resembles iron and nickel in tensile
(D) Its properties are unpredictable. strength, appreance,…
a. Is hard
45. (A) Oxygen. b. Although hard
(B) Aluminum. c. Has hardness
(C) Nickel. d. And hardness
(D) Boron.
4. …. Explores the nature of guilt and
Questions 46-50 responsibility and builds to a remarkable
46. (A) Behavior of owls in the wild. conclusion.
(B) Experiments at the London Zoo. a. The written beautifully novel
(C) An investigation of accidental animal b. The beautifully written novel
deaths. c. The novel beautifully written
(D) An increase in insects at the zoo. d. The written novel beautifully
47. (A) Owl cages. 5. He is a man …. To have the vision of an eagle
(B) Insecticide spray. and courage of a lion.
(C) Sawdust. a. Who appears
(D) Mousetraps.
b. He appears b. It was enstein
c. Who appear c. Enstein who
d. He appear d. Enstein

6. …. Getting the highest result in the class, john 14. .Emma Thompson was nominated for an
still had problems with his teacher. Academy Award as both a Screenwriher…an
a. Despite of actress in 1996.
b. In spite of a) Also
c. Even though b) Or
d. Nonetheless c) In addition
d) And
7. This new service will be available to all users
…. Up for paid membership. 15. Because of its warm tropical climate,
a. That signed howards…. Subzero temperature.
b. That signed it a) Almost experience never
c. Which signed b) Expreriance never almost
d. Sign c) Experiences almost never
d) Almost never expreriance
8. I think Jane deserved to be fired for her ….
a. Totally behavior irresponsible 16. from the inception of his long and distingshed
b. Behavior totally irresponsible carrer, frank lieyd wright was concerned
c. Irresponsible totally behavior with how … architecture with topography.
d. Totally irresponsible behavior a) Integrating
b) To integrate
9. Acute hearing helps most animals sense the c) Did the integrate
approach of thunderstorms long before people d) Integrated
….
a. Hear 17. Egyptian pyramids were regurally robbed
b. Hearing them despire their intricate pessegewrys, byzantine
c. Do mazes, and …
d. Do them a) Walls which were false
b) They had false walls
10. Of all economically important phants,palms c) False walls
have been … d) Walls of falsity
a. The least studied
b. Study less and less 18. The Duncan sofa, …. Is highly valued in
c. Study the least todays antique furniture market.
d. To study the less a) A colonial masterpiece
b) A colonial masterpiece which
11. With the passing of the time and the c) It is a colonial masterpiece that
emoarchement of people, the habitat of d) Whose colonial masterpiece
garillas … to decrease
a. Containing 19.Maine’s coastline is a major attraction and
b. Continius vista of sandy beaches contrasted…
c. Which continue rockbound shoreline.
d. Continue a) To the rugged
b) By the rugged
12. …. Social meeting birds that build their nests c) On the rugged
in tress and on clifis. d) At the rugged
a. Most stocks are
b. Stocks most 20. At the seventh international ballet competions,
c. The most stocks Fernando Bujones won the first, gold modal
d. Most are stocks ever … to a Unites States make dancer
a) That award
13 ….. was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics b) Should be awarding
for this work on the phoneletric effect. c) To be awarded
a. That enstein d) To award
28. the humans brain blabla through several large
21. the best-known diffuse nebuls is the great scale blabla the individual blablabla embryo
Orion Nebuls …. Can be seen by the narked through blabla age
eye. a. so that
a) It b. as
b) Which c. whereas
c) One d. even if
d) Who
29. second hand smoke is the exhaled smoke from
22. Over time the young students will perfect the the lungs of a smoker…the smoke that blabla
art of piano playing. After all, such …. Needs from a blabla of pipe
delicate handling . a. as well as
a) A tuned instrument finely b. so as to
b) A finely instrument tuned c. consequently
c) An instrument tuned finely d. notwithstanding
d) A finely tuned instrument*
30. jack London,… works blabla romantically
23. Space exploration and underground mining with the overwhelming power of nature and
both take place in extreme environments so it is struggle for survival, was a prolific American
not too surprising that technology developed for novelist
one field is now being applied to a. which
a. each b. whose
b. the other c. where
c. the others d. what
d. each others
31. parents can learn to create an environment…
24. since September 11, 2001. Companies that their child can grow and thrive in a more
ship goods, and other businesses involved in resourceful and less stressful manner.
ocean transport…millions of dollars coordinating a. which
their security efforts. b. what
a. were efforts c. where
b. would have spent d. whose
c. had been spending
d. have spent 32. Cell phones ae dangerous when people
use them while they ...
25. we…for three years for something to happen A. Would drive cars
that will improve our situation. B. Were driving cars
a. had walted C. Drove cars
b. were waiting D. Are driving cars
c. will have waited
d. have been waiting 33. John got difficulty ... timely
A. On distributing the products
26. drivers over 65 have experience, but… B. In distributing the products
physical and sensory capabilities. C. To distributing the products
a. would be diminishing D. With distributing the products
b. must be diminished
c. may have diminished 34. The company got an angry reaction
d. could be diminished announcing how ... to reduce operating
costs.
27. the conversation between the airport control A. It planned
tower and pilots revealed that the plane B. Planned
a. had received C. Did it plan
b. has received D. Was planned
c. will receive
d. would be received 35. The tube worm, ... stationary plant-like
creature that lives at the bottom of deep
sea, can live for hundreds of years.
A. Is a by Toynbee Hall, Addams and her friend, Ellen
B. It is a Gates Starr, opened Hull House in a neighborhood
C. A of slums in Chiacago in 1899. Hull House
D. That is a provided a day care center for children
of working mothers, a community kitchen, and
36. Their gymnasium facilities are ... those of visiting nurses. Addams and her staff gave classes
the finest private school in the county. in English literacy, art, and other subjects. Hull
A. Second after House also became a meeting place for clubs and
B. Second only to labor unions. Most of the people who worked with
C. First second for Addams in Hull House were well educated,
D. Second place from middle-class women. Hull House gave them an
opportunity to use their education and it provided
37. The more the horse tried to free itself a training ground for careers in social work.
from the restraint, ... Before World War I, Addams was probably
A. The tighter it become the most beloved woman in America. In a
B. It become tighter newspaper poll that asked, “Who among our
C. The horse could not escape contemporaries are of the most value to the
D. It was unable to move community?”, Jane Addams was rated second,
38. ... that runner is likely to be the first one after Thomas Edison. When she opposed
chosen. America’s involvement in World War I, however,
A. Due to her agility and speed newspaper editors called her a traitor and a fool,
B. Because her agility and fast but she never changed her mind. Jane Addams
C. Because agile and agility was a strong champion of several other causes.
D. Because her fast agility Until 1920, American women could not vote.
Addams joined in the movement for women’s
39. It was not until the students were seated ... suffrage and was a vice president of the National
the proctor realized he had the wrong test American Woman Suffrage Association. She was
booklets. a founding member of the National Association
A. That for the Advancement of Colored People
B. When (NAACP), and was president of the Women’s
C. As soon as International League for Peace and Freedom. .
D. And Her reputation was gradually restored during the
last years of her life. She died of cancer in 1935.
40. With so much flooding already having
occured, residents were seeking shelter ... 12 With which of the following subjects is the
than in previous years. passage mainly concerned?
A. In more numbers (a) The first award of the Nobel Peace Prize to
B. More numerously an American woman
C. Greater in numbers (b) A woman’s work for social reform and world
D. In greater numbers peace
(c) The early development of Social Work in
America
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded annually and (d) Contributions of educated women to
the first woman to win this prize was Baroness American society
Bertha Felicie Sophie von Suttner in 1905. In fact,
her work inspired the creation of the Prize. The 13 Which of the following can be inferred from
first American woman to win this prize was Jane the passage?
Addams, in 1931. However, Addams is best (a) the work of Baroness Bertha Felicie Sophie
known as the founder of Hull House. von Suttner was an inspiration
Jane Addams was born in 1860, into a to Jane Addams
wealthy family. She was one of a small number of (b) Jane Addams is most famous for her opening
women in her generation to graduate from college. of Hull House
Her commitment to improving the lives of those (c) those who lived near Hull House had very
around her led her to work for social reform and poor literacy skills
world peace. In the 1880s Jane Addams travelled (d) Jane addams considered herself as a citizen
to Europe. While she was in London, she visited a of the world rather than of one particular country
‘settlement house’ called Toynbee Hall. Inspired
14 The word “commitment” in line 6 is closest in that time, his philosophy, which was concerned
meaning to with productivity, but which was often
(a) involvement misinterpreted as promoting worker interests at
(b) obligation the expense of management, was in marked
(c) dedication contrast to the prevailing industrial norms of
(d) enthusiasm worker exploitation.
The time and motion study concepts were
15 Jane Addams was inspired to open Hull House popularized by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. The
because: Gilbreths had 12 children. By analyzing his
(a) it gave educated women an opportunity to use children’s dishwashing and bedmaking chores,
their education and develop this pioneer efficiency expert, Frank Gilbreth, hit
careers in social work on principles whereby workers could
(b) she traveled to Europe in the 1880s eliminate waste motion. He was memorialized by
(c) she visited Toynbee Hall two of his children in their 1949 book called
(d) she was invited by a ‘settlement house’ in “Cheaper by the Dozen”.
Chicago The Gilbreth methods included using stop watches
to time worker movements and special
16 The word “their” in line 15 refers to tools (cameras and special clocks) to monitor and
(a) children of working mothers study worker performance, and also involved
(b) middle-class women identification of “therbligs” (Gilbreth spelled
(c) visiting nurses backwards) – basic motions used in production
(b) labor union members jobs. Many of these motions and accompanying
times have been used to determine how long it
17 The word “contemporaries” in line 18 is should take a skilled worker to perform a given
closest in meaning to job. In this way an industrial engineer can get a
(a) people of the same time handle on the approximate time it should take to
(b) famous people still alive produce a product or provide a service.
(c) elected officials However, use of work analysis in this way is
(d) people old enough to vote unlikely to lead to useful results unless all five
work dimensions are considered: physical,
18 According to the passage, Jane Addams’ psychological, social, cultural, and power.
reputation was damaged when she
(a) allowed Hull House to become a meeting place 40. What is the passage primarily about?
for clubs and labor unions (a) The limitations of pioneering studies in
(c) joined in the movement for women’s understanding human behavior
suffrage (b) How time and motion studies were first
(c) became a founding member of the NAACP developed
(d) opposed America’s involvement in World War (c) The first applications of a scientific approach
I to understanding human behavior
(d) The beginnings of modern management
theory
Although management principles have been
implemented since ancient times, most 41. The word “ which” in line 9 refers to
management scholars trace the beginning of (a) scientific management
modern management thought back to the early (b) philosophy
1900s, beginning with the pioneering work of (c) productivity
Frederick Taylor (1856-1915). Taylor was the (d) time and motion study
first person to study work scientifically. He is
most famous for introducing techniques of time 42. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that
and motion study, differential piece rate systems, (a) workers welcomed the application of scientific
and for systematically specializing the work management
of operating employees and managers. Along with (b) Talor’s philosophy is different from the
other pioneers such as Frank and Lillian industrial norms
Gilbreth, Taylor set the stage, labeling his (c) by the early 1900s science had reached a stage
philosophy and methods “scientific management’. where it could be
At applied to the workplace
(a) workers were no longer exploited after the (a) scientific management was concerned with
introduction of scientific management. productivity.
(b) the beginnings of modern management
43. The word “prevailing” in line 10 is closest in thought commenced in the 19 th century.
meaning to (c) Frank Gilbreth’s fame was enhanced by two of
(a) predominant his children writing a book.
(b) broadly accepted (d) analyzing work to increase productivity is not
(c) prevalent likely to be useful unless all of the
(d) common dimensions are considered.

44. According to the passage, Frank Gilbreth


discovered how workers could
eliminate waste motion by MERAH
(a) using special tools such as cameras and clocks
(b) using stop watches Practice Passage 1
(c) applying scientific management principles
(d) watching his children do their chores The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of
the Arctic Ocean. It stretches southward across the
45. The basic motions used in production jobs largest and northernmost state in the United
were given which one of States, ending at a remote ice-free seaport village
following names by Frank Gilbreth? nearly 800 miles from (5) where it begins. It is
(a) dimensions massive in size and extremely complicated to
(a) gilreths operate.The steel pipe crosses windswept plains
(c) therbligs and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the
(d) monitors frozen ground. It weaves through crooked
canyons, climbs sheer mountains, plunges over
46. According to the passage, the time it takes a rocky crags, makes its way through thick forests,
skilled worker to perform the and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and
motion of a given job can be measured by using: streams. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter, and up to 2
(a) stop watches million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil
(b) all 5 work dimensions can be pumped through it daily.
(c) special tools
(d) therbligs Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents,"
long sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag
47. The word “motions” in line 20 is closest in course high above the frozen earth. Other long
meaning to sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky
(a) stop watches ground and return to the surface later on. The
(b) habits pattern of the pipeline's up-and- down route is
(c) actions determined by the often harsh demandsof the
(d) special tools arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the
land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or
48. Where in the passage does the author permafrost (permanently frozen ground). A little
comment that the principles of scientific more than half of the pipeline is elevated above
management were often misunderstood? the ground. The remainder is buried anywhere
(a) Lines 1-5 from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type
(b) Lines 6-10 of terrain and the properties of the soil.One of the
(c) Lines 11-15 largest in the world, the pipeline cost
(d) Lines 16-20 approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest
and most expensive construction project ever
49. The word “ dimensions” in line 24 is closest in undertaken by private industry. In fact, no single
meaning to business could raise that much money, so 8 major
(a) sizes oil companies formed a consortium in order to
(b) extents share the costs. Each company controlled oil
(c) aspects rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields
(d) standards and paid into the pipeline-construction fund
according to the size of its holdings. Today,
50. All of the following are true except despite enormous problems of climate, supply
shortages, equipment breakdowns, labor
disagreements, treacherous terrain, a certain 9. Which of the following determined what
amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the percentage of the construction costs each member
Alaska pipeline has been completed and is of the consortium would pay?
operating. a. How much oil field land each company
1. The passage primarily discusses the pipeline's owned
a) operating costs b. How long each company had owned land
b) employees in the oil fields
c) consumers c. How many people worked for each
d) construction company
d. How many oil wells were located on the
2. The word "it" in line 5 refers to company's land
a) pipeline
b) ocean 10. Where in the passage does the author provide
c) state a term for an earth covering that always remains
d) village frozen?
a. Line 4
3. According to the passage, 84 million gallons of b. Line 15
oil can travel through the pipeline each c. Line 23
a) day d. Line 37
b) week
c) month Passage 2
d) year Steamships were first introduced into the United
States in 1807, and John Molson built the first
4. The phrase "Resting on" in line 15 is closest in steamship in Canada (then called British North
meaning to America) in 1809. By the 1830's dozens of steam
. a) consisting of vessels were in use in Canada. They offered the
. b) supported by traveler reliable transportation in comfortable
. c) passing under facilities-a welcome alternative to stagecoach
. d) protected with travel, which at the best of times
. could only be described as wretched. This
5. The author mentions all of the following as commitment to dependable river transport became
important in determining the pipeline's route entrenched with the investment of millions of
EXCEPT the dollars for the improvement of waterways. which
a. climate included the construction of canals and lock
b. lay of the land itself systems. The Lachine and Welland canals. two of
c. local vegetation the most important systems. were opened in 1825
d. kind of soil and rock and 1829, respectively. By the time that Upper
and Lower Canada were united into the Province
6. The word "undertaken" in line 31 is closest in of Canada in 1841. the public debt for canals was
meaning to more than one hundred dollars per capita. an
a. removed enormous sum for the time. But it may not seem
b. selected such a great amount if we consider that
c. transported improvements allowed steamboats to remain
d. attempted practical for most commercial transport in Canada
until the mid-- nineteenth century.
7. How many companies shared the costs of 1. What is the main purpose of the passage?
constructing the pipeline? (A) To contrast travel by steamship and
a. three stagecoach
b. four (B) To criticize the level of public debt in
c. eight d. twelve nineteenth - century Canada -
8. The word "particular" in line 35 is closest in (C) To describe the introduction of steamships
meaning to in Canada
a. peculiar (D) To show how Canada surpassed the United
b. specific States in transportation improvements
c. exceptional
d. equal 2. The word "reliable" in line 3 is closest in
meaning to which of the following jaw muscles operating at the sides of the face; or it
(A) Quick may reflect an adaptation to cold. Whether it
(B) Safe results from any or all of these three factors or
(C) Dependable from other, undiscovered causes, this midfacial
(D) Luxurious projection is so characteristic that it unfailingly
identifies a Neanderthal to the trained eye.
3. Which of the following can be inferred from the Neanderthal teeth are much more difficult to
passage about stagecoach travel in Canada in the characterize: the front teeth are large, with strong
1831's? roots, but the back teeth may be relatively small.
(A) It was reasonably comfortable. This feature may have been an adaptation to cope
(B) It was extremely efficient. with heavy tooth wear
(C) It was not popular.
(D) It was very practical. 1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
(A) The eating habits of the Neanderthals
4. According to the passage, when was the (B) A comparison of various prehistoric
Welland Canal opened? populations
(A) 1807 (B) 1809 (C) 1825 (D) 1829 (C) The physical characteristics of the
Neanderthals
5. The word "sum" in line 10 is closest in meaning (D) The effect of climate on human development
to which of the following?
(A) Size (B) Cost (C) Payment (D) Amount 2. The author describes the Neanderthal as being
all of the following EXCEPT
6. According to the passage, steamships became (A) short (B) swift (C) strong (D) stocky
practical means of transportation in Canada
because of 3. Which of the following most likely accounts for
(A) improvements in the waterways the fact that the Neanderthal brain was larger than
(B) large subsidies from John Molson that of the modern human?
(C) a relatively small population (A) The relatively large size of the
(D) the lack of alternate means Neanderthal's body
(B) The superior intelligence of the Neanderthal.
Passage 4 The classic Neanderthals, who lived (C) The swelling behind the Neanderthal’s head
between about 70,000 and 30,000 years ago, (D) The Neanderthal's mid facial projection
shared a number of special characteristics. Like
any biological population, Neanderthals also 4. Where in the passage does the author
showed variation in the degree to which those specifically stress the contrast between the
characteristics were expressed. Generally, they Neanderthal face and that of other biologically
were powerfully built, short and stocky, with the related populations?
lower parts of their arms and legs short in relation (A) Lines 1–4 (B) Lines 7–9
to the upper parts, as in modern peoples who live (C) Lines 10–11 (D) Lines 18–20
in cold environments. Neanderthal skulls were
distinctive, housing brains even larger on average 5. Which of the following explanations is NOT
than those of modem humans, a feature that may cited as a possible explanation of the
have had more to do with their large, heavy bodies Neanderthal’s streamlined face shape?
than with superior intelligence. Seen from behind, (A) Some jaw muscles had limited use.
Neanderthal skulls look almost spherical, but from (B) The facial features were well adapted to the
the side they are long and flattened often with a cold.
bulging back. (C) The front teeth were particularly important.
The Neanderthal face, dominated by a projecting (D) The nose was set far back
and full nose, differed clearly from the faces of
other hominids; the middle parts appear to be
pulled forward (or the sides pulled back), resulting 6. The phrase "the trained eye" in line 18 most
in a rather streamlined face shape. This peculiarity likely refers to which of the following
may have been related to the greater importance professionals?
(in cultural activities as well as food processing) (A) An optometrist
of the front teeth, which are large and part of a (B) A dentist
row of teeth that lies well forward in the head; it (C) An anthropologist
may reflect a reduction in importance of certain (D) A photographer
nearby Coast Guard ship. The United States Navy
7. In line 20, the author uses the expression conducted a massive search for more than two
"heavy tooth wear" to imply that the Neanderthals weeks but no trace of the plane or its passengers
(A) had unusually heavy teeth was ever found. Many people believe they got lost
(B) used their teeth extensively and simply ran out of fuel and died.
(C) regularly pulled out their teeth
(D) used teeth for ornamentation 32. With which of the following subjects is the
passage mainly concerned?
8. The paragraph following this passage most (A) The history of aviation
probably discusses (B) The tragic death of the queen of air
(A) other features of the Neanderthal anatomy (C) Achievements of early aviation pioneers
(B) cave painting of prehistoric time (D) The achievements of a pioneering aviatrix
(C) flora and fauna of 70,000 years ago
(D) difficulties in preserving fossils 33. According to the passage, which of the
following statements about Earhart is NOT true?
Amelia Earhart was born in Kansas in 1897. (A) She wrote a book about her solo nonstop
Thirty one years later, she received a phone call flight across the Atlantic, called 20 Hrs., 40 Min.
that would change her life. She was invited to (B) In her last adventure, she didn’t take
become the first woman passenger to cross the communication and navigation instruments by
Atlantic Ocean in a plane. The flight took more accident, and that led to the tragedy.
than 20 hours – about three times longer than it (C) She is regarded as the female Chare
routinely takes today to cross the Atlantic by Lindbergh in aviation.
plane. Earhart was twelve years old before she (D) She was in her late twenties when she took
ever saw an airplane, and she didn’t take her first her first flight.
flight until 1920. But she was so thrilled by her
first experience in a plane that she quickly began 34. According to the passage, when did Amelia
to take flying lessons. She wrote, “As soon as I Earhart began her first flight
left the ground, I knew I myself had to fly.” (A) when she was 12 years old
After that flight Earhart became a media (B) 1920
sensation. She was given a ticker tape parade (C) when she first saw an airplane
down Broadway in New York and even President (D) when she started to take flying lessons.
Coolidge called to congratulate her. Because her
record-breaking career and physical appearance 35. The word “sensation” in line 8 is closest in
were similar to pioneering pilot and American meaning to
hero Charles Lindbergh, she earned the nickname (A) feeling
“Lady Lindy.” She wrote a book about her flight (B) hit
across the Atlantic, called 20 Hrs., 40 Min. (C) excitement
Earhart continued to break records, and also
polished her skills as a speaker and writer, always 36. Amelia Earhart was called “Lady Lindy”
advocating women’s achievements, especially in because
aviation. Her next goal was to achieve a (A) she was the undisputed queen of the air.
transatlantic crossing alone. In 1927 Charles (B) President Coolidge gave her the nickname.
Lindbergh became the first person to make a solo (C) she repeated Charles Lindbergh’s feat.
nonstop flight across the Atlantic. Five years later, (D) of her career and her physical resemblance
Earhart became the first woman to repeat that feat. to Lindbergh
Her popularity grew even more and she was the
undisputed queen of the air. She then wanted to
fly around the world, and in June 1937
(20) she left Miami with Fred Noonan as her
navigator. No one knows why she left behind 37. The word “undisputed” in line18 is closest in
important communication and navigation meaning to
instruments. Perhaps it was to make room for (A) contemporary
additional fuel for the long flight. The pair made it (B) undeceived
to New Guinea in 21 days and then left for (C) dissipated
Howland Island, a tiny island in the middle of the (D) undoubted
Pacific Ocean. The last communication from
Earhart and Noonan was on July 2, 1937 with a 38. The word “it” in line 20 refers to
(A) plane farther apart than a scale. They mix percussive
(B) communication and pure tones in pretty much the same ratios as
(C) the reason human composers – and follow their ABA form,
(D) Aviation in which a theme is presented, elaborated on and
then revisited in a slightly modified form. Perhaps
39. The word “massive” in line 25 is closest in most amazing, humpback whale songs include
meaning to repeating refrains that rhyme. It has been
(A) substantial suggested that whales might use rhymes for
(B) general exactly the same reasons that we do: as devices to
(C) large help them remember. Whale songs can also be
(D) Careful rather catchy. When a few humpbacks from the
Indian Ocean strayed into the Pacific, some of the
40. It may be inferred from the passage that whales they met there quickly changed their tunes
Amelia Earhart – singing the new whales’ songs within three short
(A) would not have developed her love of flying years. Some scientists are even tempted to
if she had not been invited to become the first speculate that a universal music awaits discovery.
woman passenger to cross the Atlantic in a plane.
(B) Would have continued to seek new 41. Why did the author write the passage?
adventures and records to break if she had not (A) To describe the music for some animals,
died at the age of including humans
(C) became too confident and took too many risks (B) To illustrate the importance of music to
to be able to live to old age. whales
(D) did not want to return to the United States. (C) To show that music is not a human or even
modern invention
Question 41-50 (D) To suggest that music is independent of life
Music can bring us to tears or to our feet, drive us forms that use it
into battle or lull us to sleep. Music is indeed
remarkable in its power over all humankind, and 42. The word “sophisticated” in line 5 is closest in
perhaps for that very reason, no human culture on meaning to
earth has ever lived without it. From discoveries (A) complex
made in France and Slovenia even Neanderthal (B) intricate
man, as long as 53,000 years ago, had developed (C) well-developed
surprisingly sophisticated, sweet-sounding flutes (D) entangled
carved from animal bones. It is perhaps then, no
accident that music should strike such a chord 43. The word “one” in line 7 can be replaced by
with the limbic system – an ancient part of our (A) the chord
brain, evolutionarily speaking, and one that we (B) the left brain
share with much of the animal kingdom. Some (C) the right brain
researchers even propose that music came into (D) the limbic system
this world long before the human race ever did.
For example, the fact that whale and human music 44. According to the passage, which of the
have so much in common even though our following is true of humpback whales
evolutionary paths have not intersected for nearly (A) their tunes are distinctively different from
60 million years suggests that music may predate human tunes
humans. They assert that rather than being the (B) they can sing over a range of seven octaves
inventors of music, we are latecomers to the (C) they do not use rhyme, unlike humans
musical scene. (D) whale songs of a particular group cannot be
Humpback whale composers employ many of the learned by other whales
same tricks that human songwriters do. In addition
to using similar rhythms, humpbacks keep 45. The word “they” in line 18 refers to
musical phrases to a few seconds, creating themes (A) human composers
out of several phrases before singing the next one. (B) whole songs
Whale songs in general are no longer than (C) octaves
symphony movements, perhaps because they have (D) whales
a similar attention span. Even though they can
sing over a range of seven octaves, the whales 46. Which of the following is NOT true about
typically sing in key, spreading adjacent notes no humpback whale music?
(A) It uses similar patterns to human songs
(B) It’s comparative in length to symphony
movements
(C) It’s easy to learn by other whales
(D) It’s in a form of creating a theme,
elaborating and revisiting in rhyming refrains

47. The word “refrains” in line 22 is closest in


meaning to
(A) tunes (B) notes
(C) musical phrases (D) sounds

48. Which of the following can be inferred from


the passage?
(A) The earliest human beings came from France
and Slovenia
(B) Music helped to shape the whale brain
(C) Humpback whales imitate the way human
composers so in creating their own music
(D) The research of musical brain will lead to a
discovery of a universal music

49. Where in the passage does the author first


mention whales?
(A) Lines 5-9
(B) Lines 10-14
(c) Lines 15 – 19
(d) Lines 20 - 24

50. The word ‘their’ in line 25 refers to


(A) Indian Ocean humpbacks
(B) Pacific Ocean humpbacks
(C) all whales
(D) whale songs