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# Edexcel GCSE (9-1) Maths:

need-to-know formulae
www.edexcel.com/gcsemathsformulae
Areas Volumes
l
h
Rectangle = l × w w Cuboid = l × w × h
w
l

## h Prism = area of cross section

Parallelogram = b × h a cross
× length section
th
b leng

r
1 h
2
Triangle = 12 b × h Cylinder = πr 2 h h

b
a
1
2 Volume of pyramid =
Trapezium = 12 (a + b)h h 1 h
3
× area of base × h
b

## Circles Compound measures

C ir
Circumference = cu Speed
D
m

## π × diameter, C = πd speed = distance

fe
re n

time
ce

S T
Circumference = Centre
Rad
2 × π × radius, C = 2πr eter
ius
Diam Density
M
Area of a circle = density = mass
π x radius squared, A = πr 2 volume D V

Pressure
Pythagoras The formula for pressure does not need to be learnt, and
Pythagoras’ Theorem will be given within the relevant examination questions.
c
For a right-angled triangle, b
a2 + b2 = c2
a
Trigonometric formulae
Trigonometric ratios (new to F) a = b = c
hyp
Sine Rule
sin A sin B sin C
sin x = opp , cos x o = adj , tan x o = opp
o opp

## hyp hyp adj xo

adj
Cosine Rule a 2 = b 2 + c 2 - 2bc cos A

Quadratic equations C
The Quadratic Equation Area of triangle = 1
ab sin C b a
2
The solutions of ax + bx + c = 0, 2
A c B
where a ≠ 0, are given by x = - b ± ( b -4 ac )
2

2a
Foundation tier formulae Higher tier formulae
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