0 views

Uploaded by Johan Conradie

Plastic Design of Continuous Beams & Portal Frames

Plastic Design of Continuous Beams & Portal Frames

© All Rights Reserved

- Introduction of Plasticity
- ASME III Design by Analysis - 2006
- Hossain_dissertation.pdf
- Fundamentals of Friction_ Macroscopic and Microscopic Processes
- Impact Analysis Formula
- Mechanical Properties
- A Continuum Micromechanical Theory Of
- Pam-Crash Tutorial 3-4 PlasticHoleInPlate V4 1
- A1_TensileTest_2003
- Surface initiated rolling-sliding contact fatigue in pearlitic an.pdf
- Zhang Et Al 1997
- Mechanical Properties of Metals
- TUTORIAL 5 - Plastic Deformation-Solution
- Numerical analysis and design of thin-walled RECFST stub columns under axial compression, 2018 (Jingfeng Wang).pdf
- Lecture(StressandStrain)[1]
- yan2015.pdf
- Zekria_Mohammad.pdf
- Tutorial 5 - Plastic Deformation[1]-V
- Ramberg Osgood Stress-strain_WIKIPEDIA
- Report_VTT-R-02199-10_FRAS-1-1-3_26Apr2010

You are on page 1of 9

PORTAL FRAMES

Through ductility, structural is able to absorb large deformations beyond elastic limit without

the danger of fracture. It is this characteristics feature of steel that makes possible the

application of plastic analysis to structural design.

Get Notifications

Figure 2:Modified Plastic strain diagram

PLASTIC THEORY

Stress-strain diagram for mild steel in tension is shown in figure-1. Let ‘ab’ represent the

elastic range, ‘be’ the range where strain increases without load (plastic flow), ‘d’ represents

the ultimate strength and ‘e’ the breaking load.

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 1/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

For applying the plastic theory to simple beams in bending the following assumptions are

made:

2. Strain hardening is ignored.

3. Stress-strain relation for tension is the same as that for compression.

4. Plane sections remain plane, and

5. The upper and lower points b and b’ merge into one.

Based on the above assumptions, the stress-strain diagram shown in figure 2 is used in plastic

theory upto the point of failure; the limb ‘bc’ will represent the plastic strain.

Get Notifications

Figure 3: Distribution of stress

Consider a simple beam under bending (figure 3(a)) subjected to a load W at mid point. Figure

3(b) represents the stress distribution due to both self weight (dead load) and live load W. as

the load W increases, the stress in the extreme fibre reaches the yield point and the extreme

fibre offer no further resistance but the inner fibres have not yet been stressed to the yield

limit. In figure 3(c), some fibres are stressed to yield point and others still under-stressed,

whereas in figure 3(d) all the fibres are stressed to the yield level. It can be assumed, at this

point, that the section has become fully plastic. Any further increase of load is assumed to

increase the deflection substantially and the fully plastic section may be treated as a plastic

hinge. The deflection under the increased load will lead to collapse of the beam.

LOAD FACTOR

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 2/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

The ratio of the load producing collapse to the working load is called the load factor. As the

working stress is dependent on the shape of the section, i.e. I and Z values, so also the

collapse load is dependent on the shape of the section.

RECTANGULAR BEAM

(Shown in figure 4)

Get Notifications

For collapsible load, the moment of resistance =

Load factor =

SHAPE FACTOR

The fully plastic stage in the section is said to have occurred when tensile as well as

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 3/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

Thus the bending strength of a rectangular member is given by , which is 1.5 times its

Shape factor f =

f=

It may be seen that the shape factor is a property dependent upon the geometry of the section

only.

Get Notifications

2.0

Diamond

1.70

Round

1.50

Rectangle

1.27

Tube

1.14

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 4/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

I – section

Consider a simply supported beam of span L, carrying a concentrated load W at mid point. The

beam will fail when the centre section becomes fully plastic. With simple supports at the ends

and a plastic hinge at centre, the beam will transform into a mechanism consisting of two links.

Figure 5 shows plastic zone shaded.

The length of the plastic zone depends upon the ratio to . Greater the ratio, larger will

be the length of the plastic zone. The sections in this length will be at different stages of

curve about the yield value. Figure 6 shows the curve for I-section.

Get Notifications

Figure 5: Plastic Hinge

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 5/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

COLLAPSE MECHANISM

The insertion of a real hinge or a pint joint, into a statically indeterminate frame reduces the

number of indeterminate moments by one, so that if the number of indeterminacies is m, the

Get Notifications

addition of n hinges produces a simple statically determinate structure. The addition of one

more hinge will allow the structure to movewith one degree of freedom, i.e. a mechanism is

formed; then the number of hinges to form a mechanism is (n+1). This criterion must, of

course be applied to each element of a structure as well as the structure as a whole, because

collapse of one part represents practical failure. Typical collapse mechanisms are shown in

figure 7.

CONTINUOUS BEAMS

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 6/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

Get Notifications

Figure 8

Figure 8 (b), (c) and (d) show possible failures in each span. The problem is then to determine

the least load value to cause collapse, or conversely, the maximum plastic moment of

resistance required for the section. Bending moment diagrams are given in (e), (f) and (g) of

figure 8. The associated failure loads are

, , respectively.

PORTAL FRAMES

Consider a pin-based frame shown in figure 9(a). The frame is indeterminate to the first

degree; therefore, the number of plastic hinges at collapse should be 2. The final bending

moment diagram is drawn in 2 parts for

2. Moment diagram due to indeterminate horizontal reaction, shown in figure 9(d).

These diagrams have been added to give two equal and opposite peaks of bending moment to

satisfy the mechanism condition. figure (d) shows the combined bending moment diagram.

One hinge forms at D and the length BC is fully plastic. Considering B, we get,

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 7/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

Get Notifications

Figure 9

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 8/9

10/10/2018 PLASTIC DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS BEAMS & PORTAL FRAMES

Gopal Mishra

https://theconstructor.org/

Gopal Mishra is a Civil Engineer from NIT Calicut and has more than 9 years of experience in Civil Engineering and

Construction. He is the founder of The Constructor.

Get Notifications

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/plastic-design-of-continuous-beams-portal-frames/5106/ 9/9

- Introduction of PlasticityUploaded byYang Lu
- ASME III Design by Analysis - 2006Uploaded byTimothy Hull
- Hossain_dissertation.pdfUploaded byalexrodriguezabc
- Fundamentals of Friction_ Macroscopic and Microscopic ProcessesUploaded byAditi Sen
- Impact Analysis FormulaUploaded byRickson Viahul Rayan C
- Mechanical PropertiesUploaded byMuhammad Dicky Amrullah
- A Continuum Micromechanical Theory OfUploaded byAdimasu Ayele
- Pam-Crash Tutorial 3-4 PlasticHoleInPlate V4 1Uploaded byUdham
- A1_TensileTest_2003Uploaded byItzmichael Ez
- Surface initiated rolling-sliding contact fatigue in pearlitic an.pdfUploaded byLauraTudorache
- Zhang Et Al 1997Uploaded byFilippo Serena
- Mechanical Properties of MetalsUploaded byImran Ali
- TUTORIAL 5 - Plastic Deformation-SolutionUploaded byNurul Nadia
- Numerical analysis and design of thin-walled RECFST stub columns under axial compression, 2018 (Jingfeng Wang).pdfUploaded byPhan Đào Hoàng Hiệp
- Lecture(StressandStrain)[1]Uploaded bychouszesze
- yan2015.pdfUploaded byAmine Khalfallah
- Zekria_Mohammad.pdfUploaded byHectoreRodriguezl
- Tutorial 5 - Plastic Deformation[1]-VUploaded bywoongs73
- Ramberg Osgood Stress-strain_WIKIPEDIAUploaded byalberto
- Report_VTT-R-02199-10_FRAS-1-1-3_26Apr2010Uploaded byOtso Cronvall
- I07SBD-43JiUploaded byD ARUL KUMARESAN
- NSIS1Uploaded byMeet Bakotia
- 27e072d131ba774_ek.pdfUploaded byzerlopez
- 00000503Uploaded byBahman Matouri
- modélisationUploaded bydino
- Dislocation Dynamics Simulations of Plasticity in Fe Laths at Low TemperatureUploaded bykelsiu1
- TQMUploaded byLibin
- IJET-8797Uploaded byseif17
- Lec19_Polymer Mechanical PropertiesUploaded byMahesh
- Advance Mech of Solid Lab Manual CE305L 10-12-16Uploaded byMuhammad Hussain Abbas

- Hollow Sections Book WardenierUploaded byANUSSBAUMER
- EOT Crane DataUploaded byJohan Conradie
- EIGA Disposal of GasesUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Gas Absorption in Wet ScrubbersUploaded byJohan Conradie
- d1e-101Uploaded bybadbastard
- Amended Act - Occupational Health and SafetyUploaded byhartjielees
- Effect of Reduction in Thickness and Rolling Conditions on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Rolled Mg-8Al-1Zn-1Ca AlloyUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Aveng Trident Steel Catalogue_38Uploaded byJohan Conradie
- Resonant BrochureUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Plexiglas Heatstop Acrylic SheetUploaded byJohan Conradie
- MacSteel Special SteelsUploaded byJohan Conradie
- workshop_11.pdfUploaded byJohan Conradie
- SGB Cape BookUploaded byJohan Conradie
- vital_brochure.pdfUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Castors and WheelsUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Armco GuardrailUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Dura GroutUploaded byJohan Conradie
- PV Elite Heat exchanger calculationsUploaded bycbousmu
- asme viii div1 2010-2011a.pdfUploaded byJohan Conradie
- r v Vessel Jacket TypesUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Heat-Transfer-Surfaces-Guide.pdfUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Ceilings SpecsUploaded byJohan Conradie
- BS 2573 - 1983 - Part 1 - Rules for the Design of CranesUploaded byJohan Conradie
- National water act no 36 of 1998 (2).pdfUploaded byJohan Conradie
- Forged Flanges CatalogUploaded byaltexsteve
- BS 10Uploaded byJohan Conradie
- Cat O1 O2 VehiclesUploaded byJohan Conradie
- H Beam for Chinese National Standard (CNS) & Japanese Industral Standard (JIS)Uploaded byJohan Conradie

- 210 Turbo GeneratorUploaded bysaravan1891
- TALLER 1 Vibraciones LibresUploaded byAlexis Flexy
- Simple Mill PresentationUploaded byCesar Rjszvl
- Train SystemUploaded byzemanesantos
- Chapter 2- Stresses in SoilUploaded byNur Iffatin
- Ch_04_Turbojet_Cycle.pdfUploaded byAshraf
- Sample2 DrawingUploaded byKarthik S Mohan
- 2d Oscillitating Lid Driven CavityUploaded byPrince Singh
- a2fm 250 Pump 2aUploaded bySasko Dimitrov
- Reading Wiring Diagrams Training for Renton PlantUploaded bypaulo
- UNC,_UNF,_&_UNEF_Thread_ANSI_B1,1.pdfUploaded byGILBERTO YOSHIDA
- Agitation & MixingUploaded bywani
- Bosch Hot Air Gun-PHG500-2_manualUploaded byMakarand Mahadik
- Autodesk Simulation Mechanical AysUploaded byWoong Kim
- Gazetas(1982)-Shear Vibrations of vertically inhomogeneous earth damsUploaded byEleni Katsanou
- AUMA gearboxes.pdfUploaded byAxlejunz Dublin Rondina
- 516 Vs 515Uploaded byMadan Yadav
- ETABS FAQUploaded byPulkit Velani
- Lecture on Affinity LawsUploaded byCyduck Guevarra
- TE-ML_03Uploaded bykumarsathish2009
- Tension Test.pdfUploaded bysamurai7_77
- ASTM F1554 Specification _ Portland BoltUploaded bywayne1925
- 8119 Theory of Plates [Structural Engineering]Uploaded byGggddd
- Subaru FA20 D-4S Engine PaperUploaded bystefan.vince536
- Basic Instrumentation(Rajesh)Uploaded byvishnunair27
- De Guzman Francis TurbineUploaded byJhiGz Llausas de Guzman
- TUGAS_MASUploaded byMuhammad Fadhil Ghozali
- 1_12_16Uploaded byanil0208
- Universal Manual 01012010Uploaded byMike Donnelly
- Honda 50 65 Shop ManualUploaded byDarko Marjanovic