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SPECTRO xSORT

Handheld XRF Spectrometer

Original operating instructions


Unit description

Table of Contents
1 Unit description ................................................................................................... 5
1.1 Function .............................................................................................................................. 5
1.2 Overview ............................................................................................................................. 5
1.2.1 Unit ........................................................................................................................ 5
1.3 Lithium battery .................................................................................................................... 6
1.3.1 Technical data ....................................................................................................... 8
1.3.2 Handling ................................................................................................................ 8
1.4 Docking Station ................................................................................................................... 9
1.4.1 Overview ................................................................................................................ 9
1.4.2 Handling .............................................................................................................. 10

2 Safety................................................................................................................ 14
2.1 User information................................................................................................................ 14
2.2 Intended use ..................................................................................................................... 15
2.3 Prohibited operating conditions ........................................................................................ 15
2.4 Residual risk ..................................................................................................................... 15
2.5 Radiation protection advice .............................................................................................. 20
2.5.1 Safety modes in the manual mode ...................................................................... 20
• Mode 1 ................................................................................................................. 20
• Mode 2 ................................................................................................................. 20
2.5.2 Docking station safety mode ............................................................................... 20
2.6 Safety devices ................................................................................................................... 21
2.6.1 Shutter ................................................................................................................. 21
2.6.2 Protective sleeve ................................................................................................. 21
2.6.3 Docking Station ................................................................................................... 21
2.6.4 Radiation protection shield for non-metallic applications .................................... 22
2.6.5 Radiation protection plate for metal applications ................................................ 23
2.7 Radiation dose under various measurement conditions ................................................... 24
2.7.1 Example 1: ........................................................................................................... 24
2.7.2 Example 2: ........................................................................................................... 26
2.7.3 Example 3: ........................................................................................................... 27
2.7.4 Example 4: ........................................................................................................... 28
2.7.5 Example 5: ........................................................................................................... 29
2.7.6 Example 6: ........................................................................................................... 30

3 Measurement of various materials .................................................................... 32


3.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 32
3.2 Measurement of metallic samples .................................................................................... 32
3.3 Measurement of non-metallic samples ............................................................................. 32

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Unit description

4 Technical data .................................................................................................. 33

5 Transport/Use ................................................................................................... 34
5.1 Dimensions and weight ..................................................................................................... 34
5.1.1 Unit....................................................................................................................... 34
5.1.2 Transport case (unit) ............................................................................................ 34
5.1.3 Docking Station .................................................................................................... 35
5.1.4 Transport case (docking station) ......................................................................... 35
5.2 Transport ........................................................................................................................... 36
5.3 Use .................................................................................................................................... 36

6 Operation .......................................................................................................... 37
6.1 Overview of controls .......................................................................................................... 37
6.2 Displays ............................................................................................................................. 38
6.2.1 Instrument ............................................................................................................ 38
6.2.2 Screen.................................................................................................................. 39
6.3 Switching the unit on ......................................................................................................... 40
6.3.1 Preparing the unit for use .................................................................................... 40
6.3.2 Switching on the unit............................................................................................ 40
6.4 Switching the unit off ......................................................................................................... 41
6.5 Offline mode ...................................................................................................................... 41
6.6 Performing measurements ................................................................................................ 42
6.6.1 Preparing the measurement ................................................................................ 42
6.6.2 Measure ............................................................................................................... 43
• Measurement example: approximate analysis/overview analysis ....................... 43
• Measurement example: identity check ................................................................ 44

7 Maintenance by the operator ............................................................................ 45


7.1 Operator maintenance plan .............................................................................................. 45
7.2 Standardization of the instrument (ICALization) ............................................................... 47
7.3 Adapter for small parts ...................................................................................................... 49
7.4 Replacing the thin protective film ...................................................................................... 50

8 Troubleshooting ................................................................................................ 51

9 Spare parts and consumables .......................................................................... 53

10 De-commissioning ............................................................................................ 53

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Unit description

1 Unit description

1.1 Function
X-rays excite the atoms of the sample to emit radiation. This radiation is measured
by a semiconductor detector.
The unit is delivered including at least one installed analysis method. Based on the
method data that are stored in the unit, the measured data are used to determine
the composition of an unknown sample. The results are displayed on the screen.

1.2 Overview

1.2.1 Unit

No. Component No. Component

1 Protective sleeve (radiation 6 Touchscreen


protection)

2 Measuring window with shutter 7 Pressure-sensitive display frame


and cover plate (the corner areas can
accommodate additional
functions)

3 “Start measurement” button 8 Helium port

4 Handle/storage battery pack 9 Power supply ON/OFF switch


(power)

5 Display: 10 USB and mini USB port (e.g. for a


 Shutter open/closed USB stick or for the connection to
an PC)
 X-ray tube ON/OFF

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Unit description

1.3 Lithium battery

Caution! Lithium batteries


 Lithium batteries contain acid.
 Lithium batteries may explode if exposed to fire or excessive heat.
 Never use damaged lithium batteries.
 Never expose lithium batteries to fire or heat.

 Lithium batteries must be transported and packaged in compliance with


transport regulations and country-specific provisions. These include, e.g.,
ADR/RID, IATA, DOT, IMDG, etc.
 Always ensure to protect the lithium batteries to prevent a short-circuit.
 No risks are associated with lithium batteries, if they are handled and used
properly. Always heed the warnings on lithium batteries and comply with the
instructions in the operating manuals of the instruments.
 It is prohibited to transport lithium batteries if one of the following conditions
applies. This includes, for example, lithium batteries that are being returned to
the manufacturer for reasons of safety.
 Lithium batteries identified by the manufacturer as being defective for
safety reasons.
 Lithium batteries that have been damaged.
 Lithium batteries that have the potential of producing a dangerous
evolution of heat.
 Lithium batteries that have the potential of producing a dangerous
evolution of fire or short circuit.
 Disposing lithium batteries (IATA).
 Lithium batteries must be disposed of in compliance with local and country-
specific regulations.
 The emergency telephone number indicated on the shipping document is
solely intended for transportation and lithium batteries authorized by
SPECTRO Analytical Instruments GmbH.
 Emergency number:
 +44186540733 (International)
 011441865407333 (USA)
 Emergency contact: 441865407333 SPECTRO 29003-NCEC
 Please observe the relevant national and regional regulations.

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Unit description

 A fully charged lithium battery can last up to approximately 4.5 hours


(continuous operation). The exact battery life depends on the sample
throughput per time unit and the selected measurement parameters.
 If a lithium battery is empty, it must be recharged after one week of storage at
the latest.
 If lithium batteries are to be stored over an extended period, they should be
charged to 50%-70% of their capacity. The optimum storage temperature is
15 °C – 20 °C (59 °F – 68 °F); under these conditions, the stored lithium
battery should be recharged at the latest after 3 months.
 If the storage temperature exceeds 20 °C (68 °F), the battery will self-
discharge more quickly. In this case, it needs to be recharged at shorter
intervals. (40 °C (104 °F) ~ 2 months, 60 °C (140 °F) ~ 1 month).
 The lithium batteries include an electronic safety system that checks the state
of charge of the individual cells. As a result, it continuously withdraws energy
from the lithium batteries. Consequently, there is a risk of deep discharge if a
used lithium battery is stored that does not have the minimum charge.
 If one of the cells in the lithium batteries is already deep-discharged, the
integrated electronic system prevents the recharge of the lithium batteries for
reasons of safety.

Note
 Charge the lithium battery completely prior to using them for the first time.
 Further information can be found in the supplied instruction manual of the
lithium battery and the docking station..

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Unit description

1.3.1 Technical data

Name Value

Voltage/capacity 10.8 V / 4.4 Ah

Energy 48 Wh

1.3.2 Handling
In order to change the lithium battery (handle), proceed as follows:

1. Unlock the handle (1) and


remove it by tilting it around the
holding point (2).
2. Insert the handle with the
charged lithium battery into the
holding point (2).
3. Tilt the handle around the
holding point (2) until it snaps
into place (1).

 Replacement of the gas cleaning cartridge is now complete.

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Unit description

1.4 Docking Station

Note
 The docking station (Item no.: 77060802) is not part of the delivery scope.
 The protective sleeve must always be used.

For the safe analysis of non-metallic or small metallic samples, the unit can be
integrated in the docking station. If these samples are not examined in the docking
station, the radiation protection shield 2.6.4 must be used.

1.4.1 Overview

No. Component No. Component

1 Cover of the sample chamber 6 X-rays ON indicator (red)

2 Locking pin 7 SPECTRO xSORT

3 Display: Shutter open (red) 8 Equipment and handle support

4 Display: Shutter closed (green) 9 USB port

5 Fastening latch 10 Support legs

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Unit description

1.4.2 Handling
Please proceed as follows in order to install the unit in the docking station:

1. Pull the support legs (1) from the


bottom plate and place the
docking station on a stable
surface

2. Push the fastening latch (1) to


the back.
3. While pulling both locking pins
simultaneously, ensure that the
support (2) is in the lower
procession.

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Unit description

4. Unlock the handle (1) and


remove it by tilting it around the
holding point (2).

5. Open the USB cover and attach


the USB cable to the equipment.
 Ensure to guide the cable
through the opening in the
docking station.

6. Ensure the equipment is sitting


straight on the support of the
docking station.
 This way, the bushing on the
under side of the equipment
will fit into the plug.
 The protective sleeve
remains on the equipment.

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Unit description

7. Press or push the equipment


including the support downward
into the opening of the
measurement chamber until the
latching of the the locking pin into
the docking station is audible.
 It is possible that pushing
onto the display frame will
activate the computer of the
equipment

8. In order to close the safety


circuit, pull the fastening latch
toward you.

9. Place the handle into the support


at the back panel of the docking
station by hooking the handle first
into the guide (1) and letting it
locked in place downward (2).

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Unit description

10. Connect the USB cable with a


PC or the Netbook.

11. Switch on the equipment.


12. Start the "MyMobiler" program on
the PC or the Netbook to display
the screen of the equipment.

 The docking station is now ready.

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Safety

2 Safety
Every user of the unit must have understood the present Operating Instructions.
This applies in particular to the safety regulations.

2.1 User information


 Absolutely comply with all safety regulations. It serves your safety.
 Carry out only operator maintenance work that is described in chapter 7. Any
further maintenance work by the operating personnel is prohibited. Any further
maintenance work (e.g., technical maintenance) or repair may only be
performed by service personnel that is authorized by the manufacturer.
 Observe all safety and accident prevention regulations at all times while
operating and maintaining the unit. This is, for example, DIN EN 61010 or a
comparable national standard.
 The safety measures must be checked after every technical maintenance or
repair. This check is to be carried out according to VBG4 / DIN EN 61010 or a
comparable national standard.
 Always have the unit maintained at the intervals specified by the manufacturer
and document the maintenance activities. This serves for maintaining the
operational safety of the unit.
 Never tamper with the safety devices! If you feel that a safety device does not
work properly, shut down the unit immediately. Please contact your service
center
 Absolutely observe the information labels provided on the unit.
 Only genuine spare parts may be used for repairing the unit. The use of non-
genuine spare parts will result in loss of CE conformity.
 Observe the associated safety regulations when using auxiliary agents and
operating utilities.
 Comply with the safety instructions when handling and preparing the samples
(safety data sheet). The contact with certain metals, plastics, powders, liquids,
or other materials can be hazardous to health.

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Safety

2.2 Intended use


The unit analyzes and identifies various materials. Only such materials may be
analyzed for which the unit has been calibrated by the manufacturer or by qualified
technical personnel.

2.3 Prohibited operating conditions


Operating the unit is prohibited if one of the following conditions applies:
 If the unit is faulty or damaged.
 If the unit is not subject to regular maintenance.
 If the ambient conditions do not comply with the specification.
 If the area where the unit is used is not a commercial/industrial premise.

2.4 Residual risk


This unit has been manufactured in accordance with the state of the art.
Nevertheless, a residual risk cannot be completely excluded.

Warning! Danger of injury and health hazard!


 The unit produces electric voltages of up to 50 kV.
 Shut down the instrument immediately if damaged.
 The ray exit window of the X-ray tube and the detector window contain
beryllium. Vapors or dust of beryllium and its compounds are toxic and
hazardous to your health when inhaled.
 Therefore never touch these windows.
If you destroy the beryllium window of the detector, seal the measuring window of
the XSORT immediately with adhesive tape in order to prevent the beryllium
fragments from leaving the device. Switch off the instrument and inform the
service department of SPECTRO. The detector can no longer be used. (See
chapter 8.)

Warning! Risk of injury!


 You may bruise your fingers when closing the sample chamber flap of the
docking station.
 Keep the fingers out of the sample chamber when closing it.

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Safety

Warning! Ionizing radiation!


 Safety devices
 This instrument operates with ionizing radiation (X-rays). The safety
devices ensure that the unit can be operated only in a safe and shielded
condition.
 Never tamper with the safety devices.
 If you feel that the safety devices do not work properly, shut down the
instrument immediately. Please contact your service centre.
 In order to avoid unintentional measurements, one of two safety modes
must bet set in the manual mode in accordance with the regulations of
the country (see chapter 2.5.1 and the help to software).
 The shutter must be closed when the unit is not in use. The ambient-
dose rate at a distance of 10 cm (3.9 inches) from the accessible surface
is less than 1 µSv/h.

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Safety

 Measuring
 Measurement without samples is prohibited.
 Do not hold the sample in your hand during the measurement.
 The shutter will be closed automatically when
 the button "Start measurement" or the enable button (for safety
modes, see 2.5.1) has been released.
 the mechanical sample sensor has not been actuated.
 The tube will be switched off in less than 100 milliseconds when
 the detector does not detect a sample in front of the measuring
window.

During this period (in the direction of the beam at a distance of 1 m (39.4
inches)), an accumulated dose
 of approx. 0.1 µSv is reached for methods for the analysis of metallic
samples (see chapter ).
 of approx. 0.5 µSv is reached for methods for the analysis of
nonmetallic samples (see chapter ).
In Europe, a dose of 1000 µSv (1 mSv) per calendar year is allowed (for
persons who are not exposed to any additional radiation through their
profession).
The natural radiation exposure in Germany for one year lies is 2400 µSv
(2.4 mSv) on average.
 During the measurement, the operator must ensure that no person is
located in the radiation cone.
Special care should be taken with non-metallic samples, samples made
of light metal as well as thin foils and small components that do not cover
the measurement window completely.
This means that there may be X-radiation behind a sample, e.g. a
wooden wall or plastic plate. The operator is responsible for ensuring that
there are no persons in this area.

~1,25 m

30 m

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Safety

 If the probe is in a horizontal position, the x-ray leaves the measuring


window in a nearly straight manner so that the range of the radiation
above the ground is up to 30 m (98 ft).

<1µSv/h at a distance of Theoretical diameter of


the radiation cone at this
distance

Maximum parameters (50 kV, 30 m (98 ft) 6 m (20 ft)


50 µA, filtered excitation)

 Outside the docking station, the samples must not be analyzed without
the protective sleeve.
The protective sleeve prevents the scattered radiation from reaching the
user or persons outside the radiation cone. This problem may occur if the
measuring window and the sample are not lined up absolutely precisely.
 The use of the docking station prevents the occurrence of leakage
radiation. The dose of the leakage radiation to the docking station is less
than 1µSv/h.
Use the radiation protection shield for analyzing plastic or wood samples
outside the docking station if this is possible.
 Samples that do not cover the measurement window completely, must be
analyzed with the docking station. In the case of metallic samples, the
adapter plate for small parts may be used.

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Safety

 The measured sample must not be removed from the measurement


window before the shutter has closed (after completion of measurement).

Caution! Damage to the unit!


 When moving the shutter manually, the high voltage is shut off immediately
(radiation protection). This may damage the unit.
 Never move the shutter manually.
 The shutter is a sensitive component.
 Never subject the shutter to mechanical stress (pressing, bending).
 Ensure that there is no dirt/dust in the vicinity of the shutter. This may
result in jamming.

Note
The safety circuits in the unit are designed so that shutter must be closed.
Otherwise, the X-ray tube will be shut off, when no sample is being measured.
For your safety, the safety circuits are checked automatically. For this reason, a
message is displayed during software start-up (at other points as well).

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Safety

2.5 Radiation protection advice


Please observe the national safety and approval regulations in force in your
country and state!
The operation of the unit may require official approval. Please observe the
national safety and approval regulations in force in your country and state! Please
contact the responsible local approval authority.

2.5.1 Safety modes in the manual mode


In order to avoid unintentional measurements, one of two safety modes must be
set in accordance with the regulations of the country (see the software help).

Mode 1
In order to prevent unintentional measurements, the unit must be enabled for the
measurement with the enable button (see 6.2.2). The button “Start Measurement”
must then be pressed continuously during the measurement. If no measurement
takes place during a predefined period, the unit is blocked automatically.

Mode 2
In order to avoid unintentional measurement the buttons “Start Measurement” and
the enable button (see 6.2.2) must be pressed continuously during the
measurement. The unit is otherwise permanently blocked.

2.5.2 Docking station safety mode


The unit is installed in, and connected to, the docking station. For the
measurements, the sample chamber flap must be closed and the "Docking station"
icon must be pressed on the PC.
The safety circuit ensures that the measurement will be interrupted and the shutter
will be closed when the sample chamber flap is opened.

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Safety

2.6 Safety devices

2.6.1 Shutter
The radiation outlet of the SPECTRO xSORT is equipped with a shutter.
The shutter will be closed automatically after the start of a measurement when
 no sample is in front of the measurement window or
 the button "Start measurement" or the enable button (for safety modes, see
chapter 2.5.1) has been released.

2.6.2 Protective sleeve


The protective sleeve prevents the lateral leakage of X-rays if:
 the sample (in general, this applies to non-metallic samples) is completely
enclosed inside the protective sleeve.
 the sample is not flush with the measuring head.
 If this cannot be ensured, the radiation protection shield must be used in
addition for the measurement of non-metallic samples.

2.6.3 Docking Station


The use of the docking station prevents the occurrence of leakage radiation.

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Safety

2.6.4 Radiation protection shield for non-metallic applications


 Always use the supplied radiation protection shield.
 The shielding effect cannot be guaranteed if you use other plates.
 In addition, the measurement results may be distorted.
One part of the radiation protection shield must
 be directed towards the operator.
 be higher than the sample, i.e. the sample must not project above the edge of
the plate.

No. Component No. Component

1 Sample 2 Radiation protection shield

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Safety

2.6.5 Radiation protection plate for metal applications


 Always use the supplied radiation protection plate for measurements of Al and
Mg samples.
 The shielding effect cannot be guaranteed if you use other plates.
 In addition, the measurement results may be distorted.

No. Component No. Component

1 Sample 2 Radiation protection plate

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Safety

2.7 Radiation dose under various measurement conditions


The values of example 1 are based on the TLD measurement method (using
rhodium tubes exclusively!)

2.7.1 Example 1:
Misoperation (unauthorized use)
Measurement conditions:
 No sample
 Shutter open

At the start At the 10 cm 30 cm 100 cm


button or at window (3.9") (11.8") (39.4")
the hand of (mSv/h) (mSv/h) (mSv/h) (mSv/h)
the operator
(mSv/h)

Method for analyzing < 0.001 3600 360 36 3.6


metallic samples

Method for analyzing non- < 0.001 36000 3600 360 36


metallic samples

Since the tube would be automatically switched off 100 ms under these
measurement conditions, the following absolute values would result:

At the start At the 10 cm 30 cm 100 cm


button or at window (3.9") (11.8") (39.4")
the hand of (mSv) (mSv) (mSv) (mSv)
the operator
(mSv)

Method for analyzing < 0.001 0.2 0.02 0,002 0.0002


metallic samples

Method for analyzing non- < 0.001 2 0.2 0.02 0,002


metallic samples

The maximum permissible dose for the skin and hands, for example in Germany,
is 50,000 µSv per year (this corresponds to 50 mSv/a). In the worst case of 2 mSv,
the operator would have to repeat the misoperation deliberately 25 times in order
to exceed the maximum permissible annual dose. This is a rather theoretical
consideration, since in view of radiation protection every unnecessary radiation
exposure should be avoided.

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Safety

 All of the measurement method use an acceleration voltage of 50 kV.


This excitation is a filtered one. The only exception is the analysis of
light elements for which 15 kV must be set. This excitation is an
unfiltered one.
 Depending on the sample composition, different current intensities are
adjusted. At 50 kV, it may be up to 50 µA.
 For metals, these values are clearly below the maximum parameters.
For a standard steel sample (e.g. stainless steel 304), the values are
21 µA and 50kV.

The dose rate values of the following examples were performed with a filtered
excitation, once with the typical 21 µA for metal samples and once with the
maximum current of 50 µA, in both cases at 50 kV.

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Safety

2.7.2 Example 2:
Measurement conditions:
 Use of the radiation protection shield.
 The sample thickness prevents the protective sleeve from touching the
radiation protection shield.

Measuring point 1 2 3 4 5
15 cm 80 cm 200 cm
(5.9") (31.5") (79")
distance distance distance

Method for analyzing <1 µSv/h <1 µSv/h 30 µSv/h 2 µSv/h <1 µSv/h
metallic samples

Maximum parameters <1 µSv/h 4 µSv/h 70 µSv/h 5 µSv/h <1 µSv/h

Under the measurement conditions that are stated above, we recommend a


minimum distance of 2.0 m (79") on the side that faces away from the radiation
protection shield.

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Safety

2.7.3 Example 3:
Measurement conditions:
 Without using the radiation protection plate / the radiation protection shield
 The protective sleeve encloses the plastic sample completely (measured
value a)/incompletely (measured value b)

Measuring point 1 Measured value a Measured value b

Method for analyzing < 1 µSv/h 1 µSv/h


metallic samples

Maximum parameters < 1 µSv/h 25 µSv/h

These values underline why - for the protection against radiation - the docking
station or the radiation protection shield should always be used for non-metallic
samples.

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Safety

2.7.4 Example 4:
Measurement conditions:
 Use of the radiation protection shield
 The sample consists of a thin plastic material (housing, toy, etc.)

Measuring point 1 2 3 4 5
Distance Distance Distance
5 cm 50 cm 200 cm
(2.0 inch) (19.7 inch) (79 inch)

Method for analyzing <1 µSv/h 15 µSv/h 20 µSv/h 4 µSv/h <1 µSv/h
metallic samples

Maximum parameters <1 µSv/h 30 µSv/h 80 µSv/h 8 µSv/h <1 µSv/h

Under the measurement conditions that are stated above, we recommend a


minimum distance of 2.0 m (79") on the side that faces away from the radiation
protection shield.

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Safety

2.7.5 Example 5:
Measurement conditions:
 Sample: Polyethylene; diameter 50 mm (2.0"), height 25 mm (1.0")
 The sample is placed on different substrates
 Use of maximum parameters/method for metallic samples
 Use of a radiation protection sleeve that does NOT enclose the sample
completely

Measuring point 1 2 3 4
At the start Distance 30 cm (11.8") 100 cm
button or at 10 cm (3.9") distance (39.4")
the hand of (µSv/h) distance
the operator (µSv/h)
(µSv/h)
(µSv/h)

Steel sheet substrate 2.5 2 (<1) 75 (55) 15 (4) < 1(<1)


mm (0.1")

Aluminum sheet substrate 15 (3) 120 (70) 18 (6) < 1 (<1)


2 mm (0.08")

Without any substrate (e.g. 20 (3) 160 (80) 20 (7) 1.5 (1)
on the tabletop)
The values in brackets are the values for the method for the analysis of metallic samples.
The first values in the cells stand for the measurement with maximum parameters.
These values underline why - for the protection against radiation - the docking
station or the radiation protection shield should always be used for non-metallic
samples.

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Safety

2.7.6 Example 6:
Measurement conditions:
 Use of maximum parameters / a method for analyzing metallic samples
 Various samples

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Safety

Measuring point 1 2 2 3 4
At the Directly Distance 30 cm 100 cm
start behind 10 cm (11.8") (39.4")
button or the (3.9") distance distance
at the sample (µSv/h) (µSv/h)
hand of (µSv/h)
(µSv/h)
the
operator
(µSv/h)

Steel sheet sample, < 1 (<1) 5 (4) 1 (2) ≤1 (<1) < 1 (<1)
thickness 5 mm (0.2"), 100
x 100 mm

Steel sheet sample, < 1 (<1) 300 (45) 50 (25) 15 (5) 5 (< 1)
thickness 2.5 mm (0.1"),
100 x 100 mm

Polyethylene sample, 5 100000 70000 25000 2000


thickness 25 mm (0.55"), D (30000) (10000) (5000) (400)
= 50 mm

PVC sample, thickness 14 2 35000 1200 7500 700


mm (0.55"), D = 32 mm (15000) (7000) (500) (200)
The values in brackets are the values for the method for the analysis of metallic samples.
The first values in the cells stand for the measurement with maximum parameters.
These values underline why - for the protection against radiation - the docking
station or the radiation protection shield should always be used for non-metallic
samples. In addition, it becomes very clear that the users must not hold the
samples in their hand during the measurement. The non-metallic samples show
that the sample thickness has an influence on the values that are measured at the
user button. If the sample is not completely enclosed in the protective sleeve (i.e. if
the sample thickness is above 10 mm and if the diameter is greater than
approximately 30 mm), the measured values are higher than 1 µSv/h.

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 31


Measurement of various materials

3 Measurement of various materials

3.1 General
Depending on the sample material, thickness, and dimensions, different ways of
handling the sample and of using the protection equipment are recommended.
Samples must not be held in the hand during the measurement.

3.2 Measurement of metallic samples


The use of the radiation protection shield / the radiation protection plate is
recommended in particular for light-metal samples. When analyzing small
samples, we recommend using the adapter for small parts or the docking station.

3.3 Measurement of non-metallic samples


We recommend using the docking station.
If plastic or wood samples must be measured outside the docking station, ensure
that the radiation protection shield is used and that there are no persons in front of
the user in a semi-circle at a distance < 25 m.
The protective sleeve should enclose the sample as much as possible.

— 32 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Technical data

4 Technical data
Name Value

Operating voltage range 9.0 – 12.6 V

X-ray tube Rh (opt. W) anode, up to 50 kV, up to 125 µA,


max. 2.5 W

Total power during the analysis 11 W

Total power in the standby mode 6W

Storage conditions -20 – +50°C; -5 – 120°F

Temperature range during start-up +5 – +40 °C; 41 – 104 °F

Operating range -10 – +45 °C; 14 – 113 °F


(permissible ambient temperature)

Air humidity max. 80%

Protection class IP 52

Standards DIN EN 61010-1,

Charger:

Name Value

Operating voltage range 100-240 V 50/60 Hz +/- 10 %

Output 30 W

Storage conditions -20 – +50 °C; -5 – 120 °F

Temperature range 0 – 40°C; 32 – 104°F

Air humidity max. 80%

Protection class IP 20

Standards DIN EN 60335-1 / DIN EN 60335-2-29

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 33


Transport/Use

5 Transport/Use

5.1 Dimensions and weight

5.1.1 Unit

Name Value

Unit height 270 mm (10.7“)

Unit width 93 mm (3.7“)

Unit depth 230 mm (9.1“)

Unit mass incl. battery pack 1644 g (3.62 lbs)

Storage battery pack mass 380 g (0.84 lbs)

5.1.2 Transport case (unit)

Designation Value

Height 376 mm (14.8“)

Width 552 mm (21.7“)

Depth 234 mm (9.2“)

Weight 10.2 kg (22.5 lbs) (incl. unit and


accessories)

— 34 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Transport/Use

5.1.3 Docking Station

Name Value

Height 450 mm (17.7“)

Width 270 mm (10.6“)

Unit depth 195 mm (7.7“)

Unit weight 6.5 kg (14.4 lbs)

5.1.4 Transport case (docking station)

Designation Value

Height 376 mm (14.8“)

Width 552 mm (21.7“)

Depth 234 mm (9.2“)

Weight 13.0 kg ( 28.7 lbs) (incl. docking station)

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 35


Transport/Use

5.2 Transport
Always transport the unit in the transport case intended for this purpose.

5.3 Use

Caution! Damage to unit!


Corrosive vapors may damage the unit.
Use the unit in an environment free from corrosive vapors.

Caution! Measurement errors!


 Electromagnetic fields (computer screens, mobile phones, etc.) near the unit
may cause measurement errors.
 We recommend keeping a distance of 1 m (39") from other electric
devices during the measurement.
 Shocks to the unit during the measuring process may produce measurement
errors.
 You should therefore avoid shocks during the measurements.
 Measuring errors may result from temperature differences inside the unit.
 Position yourself and the unit so that it cannot heat up on one side only.
 Avoid mechanical bumps.

— 36 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Operation

6 Operation

6.1 Overview of controls

No. Control element Function

1 Touchscreen The unit software is controlled with the help of


buttons on the screen

2 Pressure-sensitive display Measurement release and quick commands


frame (the corner areas can
accommodate additional
functions)

3 ON/OFF (power) Switches the spectrometer on or off

4 ePC reset button (integrated ePC restart (integrated computer)


computer)

5 “Start measurement” button Performs the measurement

6 Cover plate as a pressure- Detect that there is a sample at the measuring


sensitive sample sensor window

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 37


Operation

6.2 Displays

6.2.1 Instrument

No. Display Function

1 Status display of the  The screen displays the measuring window


measuring  The unit is ready to measure
instrument
 The screen displays the screensaver
 The unit is not ready to measure
 The software has switched to the safety mode (no
measurement has been performed for a long time)
 The screen displays a message
 The unit is not ready to measure

2 "Shutter" LED  Indicates the status of the shutter


 Red flashing: shutter open (measurement being
performed) or malfunction (no measurement
possible)

3 "Shutter/X-ray" LED  Displays the state of the shutter / the X-ray tube
 Green/OFF/orange: shutter closed / tube is switch
on in the standby mode
 OFF/red flashing/orange: shutter open / tube
switched on and measurement in progress
 Green/OFF/OFF: shutter closed / tube switched off
 OFF/red flashing/OFF: shutter open for video mode
or shutter malfunction during a measurement

— 38 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Operation

6.2.2 Screen

Caution! Damage to the unit!


Do not touch the screen with sharp or hard objects. The touch-sensitive surface
may be damaged.
Touch the screen with a plastic pen (stylus) or with your finger.

The surface of the screen reacts to touch (touch screen). Touch the buttons on the
screen to navigate in the control system.

No. Display Function

1-2 Enable button Enables the unit for measuring

3-4 Quick commands Changing the display output format or similar

5 Header Indication of the active measuring method

6 Program field Display of the measuring results


The display field depends on the loaded program

7 Status line Measurement progress/device status

8 Menu line Display of the program menu

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 39


Operation

6.3 Switching the unit on

6.3.1 Preparing the unit for use


Before switching the unit on, proceed as follows:
1. Ensure that
 the battery pack is charged.
 the handle/battery pack has properly snapped into place in the holder.
 The unit is ready for use.

6.3.2 Switching on the unit


To switch the unit on, proceed as follows:
1. Briefly press the button (I/O) under the unit.
 The unit is switched on (the green LEDs start to light).
 The login screen is displayed.
2. Enter the user password to enable the software.
 The ePC displays the measuring window.
 The unit is now switched on.

Note
The unit has an internal battery pack in order to maintain the operational readiness
of the ePC even when the unit has been switched off.
When the unit is switched on, the ePC is immediately ready for operation.
The capacity of the internal battery pack can maintain the rest state of the ePC for
approximately 10 days.
When the unit is switched on, the internal battery pack will be recharged
automatically. Complete charging can take up to 3 hours.

If you have not used the unit for a longer period of time, which means that the
internal battery pack is discharged, the operating system and the software on the
ePC (and, thereby, the spectrometer program) will be restarted. This happens
automatically and takes approximately 90 seconds.

— 40 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Operation

6.4 Switching the unit off


To switch the unit off, perform one of the following steps:
1. Briefly press the button (I/O) under the unit.
or
2. Press the "OFF" icon on the display of the ePC (selection via the menu).
 The ePC indicates that one of the two buttons has been pressed and it will
switch the unit off after a brief delay. The ePC will enter the rest mode.

Note
 Even in the off state (and without the handle/battery), the ePC can be
activated from the rest mode.
This is the case
 when you actuate the button in the corners of the ePC.
Always switch the unit off if you do not use it for a longer period of time (and the
end of the day or before the weekend).

6.5 Offline mode


After a predefined time the unit goes into the standby mode. This means that the
X-ray tube, detector cooling, and the illumination of the display are switched off.
After a brief activation of the "Start measurement" button or the enable button the
cooling of the detector is reactivated. The tube is again booted with the start of the
next measurement.

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 41


Operation

6.6 Performing measurements

6.6.1 Preparing the measurement


Before starting the measurement, proceed as follows:
1. Ensure that the necessary safety precautions have been taken.
2. Ensure that only samples are placed before the measurement window that
cover the window completely.
 If necessary, use the adapter for small parts.
3. Ensure that the protective film over the window is neither soiled nor damaged.
 Use only the prescribed protective film for the measurement mode
selected.
 Thin film: Inner protective film 4 µm; no outer protective film.
 Thick film: Inner protective film 4 µm; outer protective film:
transparent adhesive tape (part no. 80001098).

Note
Please use only the adhesive tape that has been authorized by SPECTRO (part
no. 80001098) as the outer protective film. The use of other adhesive tapes may
lead to measurement errors.

4. Do not hold the sample in your hand in front of the device.


 The measurement is now prepared.

— 42 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Operation

6.6.2 Measure

Warning! Ionizing radiation!


Please ensure that all safety instructions are adhered to.

Measurement example: approximate analysis/overview analysis


To perform the measurement, proceed as follows:
1. Open the "Profile" menu to call up a program for approximate analyses.
2. Hold the unit with the protective sleeve on the sample in such a way that the
sample is located directly on the cover plate of the measuring window and
that the sample sensor enables the measurement (if activated).
3. Press the "Start measurement" button and (if necessary) the enable button
during the entire measurement.
 The measurement is carried out automatically.
 If necessary, the unit will ask you to carry out an ICALization, see page
50.
 Ensure that the position of the protective sleeve and of the sample with
regard to each other does not change. A change in position may lead to
incorrect measurement results.
 The measurement is terminated automatically after the preset measuring
period.
 The measurement results are updated on the screen every two seconds.
 If you release the "Start measurement" before the first results are
displayed, the system assumes that an error has occurred. As a
consequence, it will abort the measurement and display an error
message.
 If you release the "Start measurement" button after the first results have
been displayed, the system assumes that you have intentionally stopped
the measurement. The result of the stopped measurement will be
displayed. Please taken into consideration, that the system will display
only those elements that have actually been measured up to this
moment.
 The measurement is now complete.

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 43


Operation

Note
 The status of the unit is continuously monitored. If necessary, you will be
asked to perform an ICALization.
 Measure a reference sample at regular intervals. This will allow you to identify
changes of the measurement results early enough.

Measurement example: identity check


To perform the measurement, proceed as follows:
1. Open the "Profile" menu to call up a program for the identity check.
2. First measure a reference sample three times in succession.
 Hold the unit with the protective sleeve on the sample in such a way that
the sample is located directly on the cover plate of the measuring window
and that the sample sensor enables the measurement (if activated).
 Press the "Start measurement" button and, if necessary, the enable
button during the entire measurement.
 The measurement is carried out automatically.
 The measurement is terminated automatically.
 If the second measurement is completed and the measurement result is
not OK, an error message will be displayed in red. The measurement
must be repeated. The third measurement must be performed in the
same way.
 If the result is good, the counter on the screen for good samples adds
one point to its count (depending on program settings).
3. Now measure the desired sample.
 If the result is good, the counter on the screen for good samples adds
one point to its count. The next sample can be measured.
 If the result is bad, the "Fail" counter on the screen adds one point to its
count.
 Depending on the program settings, the measurement must be
repeated twice before the "Fail" counter is incremented. If these
repeated measurements fail as well, the "Fail" counter on the screen
will be incremented by one point.
 The next sample can be measured.
 The measurement is now complete.

— 44 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Maintenance by the operator

7 Maintenance by the operator

Note
In order to ensure the availability and operational safety of the equipment, we
recommend having the system checked for correct operation and performance at
least once per year by specialized technicians. You can find the contact addresses
of the service organizations that are authorized by SPECTRO at
www.spectro.com.

7.1 Operator maintenance plan

Warning! Ionizing radiation!


An X-ray tube is provided inside the unit.
Carry out only the operator maintenance work described in this chapter. Any
further maintenance work by the operating personnel is not allowed. Any further
maintenance work (e.g. technical maintenance) or repair may only be performed
by service personnel authorized by the manufacturer.

The maintenance intervals specified in the following table are guidelines which
should be observed as a minimum requirement. The maintenance intervals may
vary, depending on the use of the unit.
To ensure flawless unit function, carry out the following maintenance work:

Daily operator maintenance work

Visual inspection Check the condition and fit of the protective


sleeve.
Check the condition of the protective film
and replace it if necessary (see page 50).

Measurement of reference samples

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 45


Maintenance by the operator

Further operator maintenance work

Data backup Copy the content of the memory card from


the ePC to a PC or USB stock or burn it on
CD.
Delete the data that are no longer required
(analyses and protocols) from the ePC.

Perform a standardization (ICAL), See page 50.


depending on the results of the reference
measurement.

— 46 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Maintenance by the operator

7.2 Standardization of the instrument (ICALization)

Note
The standardization, which we also call ICALization, also includes the energy-
channel recalibration (MCA) that is necessary for the XRF analysis.

The shutter is automatically measured on the inside to perform a standardization.


An additional ICALization sample is not required.
Proceed as follows to standardize the unit:
1. Connect the unit to the docking station or press the unit against the radiation
protection plate or against the radiation protection shield.

No. Component

1 Radiation protection shield

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 47


Maintenance by the operator

Nr. Bauteil Nr. Bauteil

1 Sample 2 Radiation protection plate

2. In the menu, touch the "ICAL" symbol or the "OK" button when the unit
requests an ICALization.
 The corresponding program window is displayed. Inputs are not possible
while the shutter is being measured. The only way to interrupt the
measurement manually is to switch the X-ray tube off.
 Ensure that also during the ICALization there are no persons directly in
front of the measuring window or press the unit against the radiation
protection plate or shield.
 The standardization is performed automatically.
 After the standardization is complete, a protocol is created and stored in
the subdirectory "\ICAL\Log\".
 The unit is now standardized.

— 48 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Maintenance by the operator

7.3 Adapter for small parts


The adapter for small parts can be used as an attachment for the cover plate.
In order install the adapter for small parts, proceed as follows:
1. Switch off the instrument.
2. Insert a new protective film (see page 50).
3. Press the lip of the protective sleeve at the bottom of the measurement plate
down so that the guide groove of the cover plate can be seen.
4. Push the adapter for small parts with the guide rail under the cover plate.
5. You can now release the lip of the protective sleeve. It will enclose the
adapter for small parts.
6. If necessary, fasten the outer protective film to the cover plate.
7. Switch the unit on again, see page 40.
 The adapter for small parts can now be used. (Item no. 41118103)

If the cover plate is used as a pressure-sensitive sample sensor, the fastening


screw (46501354) must be removed beforehand and a thread screw must be
installed instead.

Note regarding the adapter for small parts "adapter


for small parts "
Only use cuvettes with a diameter of 32 mm (Item number 76060806). Before
using the cuvette, remove the over lapping protective foil from the edge of the
cuvette. This will allow its free movement and permits easy replacement.

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 49


Maintenance by the operator

7.4 Replacing the thin protective film


To replace the protective film, proceed as follows:

1. Loosen the film holder (2)


by lifting off the lower end
of the cover plate (1).
2. Remove the old film.
3. Place a new film over the
cover plate (1).
4. Attach the film holder by
letting it snap into place at
the upper end of the cover
plate and by pressing it
downwards into the
fastening element.

 The replacement of the thin protective is now complete.

— 50 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Troubleshooting

8 Troubleshooting

Caution! Damage to unit!


The unit may be damaged if repairs are not carried out properly. Do not attempt to
repair the unit yourself. Always inform your supervisor.

Fault Possible cause Remedy

The instrument cannot be The handle/battery is not Let the handle properly snap into
switched on firmly locked in the holder. place.

The storage battery is not Charge the storage battery as


charged. describe in the separate
instructions.

One of the spectrometer Please contact your service


components is defective. centre.

The instrument can be The battery of the ePC is Activate the Reset button
switched on, but no data empty. The internal battery will be
are displayed on the recharged via the storage battery
screen. of the device.

The ePC is defective. Please contact your service


centre.

The screen does not The screen is defective. Please contact your service
respond to any entries. centre.

The screen is not properly Press the reset button and


adjusted. recalibrate the screen via the
software.

When the measurement Defective safety switches Please contact your service
starts, the high voltage is or defective tube. center.
shut down again.

Error message: Cool- Very high ambient Initially activate the instrument in
down time exceeded! temperature. cooler ambient conditions.
The detector cannot be
cooled.

Error message: Cool- Defective detector window. Seal the opening of the
down time exceeded! measuring window with some
The detector cannot be adhesive tape and place unit in
cooled. the transport case.
Please contact your service
centre.

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 51


Troubleshooting

Fault Possible cause Remedy

"Shutter/X-ray" LED: Defective safety switches Please contact your service


Flashing red/off: shutter or defective tube/generator center.
error, measurement not
possible Defective shutter Please contact your service
(the shutter is blocked or center.
the safety switches are
defective)

Error messages are Defective shutter, Please contact your service


indicated during the excitation or detection center.
standardization system. For further
procedure (ICAL) information, check the
software error message.

The analysis results of a The protective film is Replace the film


reference sample show contaminated
great deviations
The protective film is Replace the film
ripped

The standardization Repeat the standardization


procedure (ICAL) was procedure (ICAL)
unsuccessful

Defective shutter Please contact your service


(the shutter is blocked center.
(e.g.) and will not open the
optical path)

Other malfunctions in the Please contact your service


system center.

Missing elements on the A measurement with two Repeat the measurement in strict
measurement screen measurement conditions accordance with the preset total
(for light-metal samples) measuring time.
has been aborted before
the start of the second
measurement.

Error message: The The results or analyses in Transfer all of the analyses to the
stored data are invalid. the results database are PC and then delete all of the
defective. analyses.

After the installation into The safety circuit is not Please push the fastening latch to
the docking station, the closed. its end position.
docking station is not
recognized by the
software.

— 52 SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014


Spare parts and consumables

9 Spare parts and consumables


You can find the spare parts and consumables for this unit under "Support - Parts
Catalog" on our website at www.spectro.com.

10 De-commissioning
The unit must only be de-commissioned by organizations or by persons authorized
by the manufacturer of the unit. Please contact your service center

SPECTRO xSORT — 05.09.2014 — 53