Ulf Thole / 2008-10-10 / Issue9

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GSM900/850

Subject : NTS-Ericsson-RadioComponents TMB trial Q4 2008

Worst case TMB scenario with MS
- Pout reduced 2 dB
- RX sensitivity increased by 2 dB

Downlink
Uplink

BTS (TRX) Pout excl Combining
RF in/out & combining
Dual Band Diplex Filters x2
BTS jumper
Main feeder&connector
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB
Power into TMB
TMA DL loss & TMB Tx gain
TMB Pout
AntennaJumper
Power into antenna
BTS antenna

dBm
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dBm
dB
dBm
dB
dB
dBi

Pathloss

dB

MS Antenna Gain + Body loss
MS Sensitivity

dBi
dB

MS output
MS Antenna Gain + Body loss

dBm
dBi

Pathloss

dB

BTS Antenna
BTS Antenna Rx Xpol diversity
Sensitivity@Antenna excl diversity
Antenna Jumper
Sensitivity@TMA/TMA ant port
TMA/TMB LNA NF
TMA/TMB LNA Gain
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB
Main feeder&connector
BTS jumper
BTS sensitivity at cabinet port
BTS internal path loss to 1st LNA
BTS first LNA NF
BTS decoding sensitivity, after LNA

dBi
dB
dBm
dB
dBm
dB
dB

Active, set A in box :

Ericsson RBS2106 (Outdoor)
Combining loss
Option -0,3x2= -0,6 (not shown in UL)
(3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8
Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below
YES if feeder 7/8" or thicker

Normally 2,5 dB less than 1800/1900 for same size

Low capacity (Non-Hybrid Combined)
2 Channels/sector
A

High capacity (Hybrid Combined)
4(+) Channels/sector
A

No TMA
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

No TMA
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

45.0
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.6

-0.5
41.2
16.0

0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.6

-0.5
-3.8
16.0

161.2 116.2
neg value
-2 dB offset

Class4 less 2dB
neg value

Balance DL-UL
Ditto net correction (max +/- 1 dB)

Pathloss
Pathloss relative gain
NOTES
b) Overbalance GMSK normally useful,
EDGE/8PSK increase DL bit rate / coverage
+6 dB = 2x GPRS
c) No jumper needed for thin 1/2" feeder

45.0
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.5
40.2
16.0

-0.5
-4.8
16.0

160.2 115.2

RC TMB
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5
-3.8
2.9
-0.9
-0.5
-1.4
16.0

0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5
-3.8
2.9
-0.9
-0.5
-1.4
16.0

118.6 118.6

45.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.6

-0.5
37.7
16.0

0.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.6

-0.5
-7.3
16.0

157.7 112.7

TMA
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK
45.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5

0.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.5
36.7
16.0

-0.5
-8.3
16.0

156.7 111.7

RC TMB
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK
0.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5
-7.3
5.5
-1.8
-0.5
-2.3
16.0

0.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.6
-0.5
-7.3
5.5
-1.8
-0.5
-2.3
16.0

117.7 117.7

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

0.0
-104.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

31.0
0.0

16.0
4.5
-107.2
-0.5

16.0
4.5
-107.2
-0.5

Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below
(3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8
Ericsson states -111,5 for CDU-G, no TMA
Cabinet inernal loss to LNA
LNA NF normal value 1,5
-122(KTB 160kHz) + 8(ETSI 7-9) + 0,5(mixer etc?)

-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

Ref "RF Guideline" (but only half balance diff)

2.5
1.0

162.1 162.1

163.0 163.0

158.7 158.7

16.0
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-111.5
-0.5
-112.0
1.4
18.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-111.5
-0.5
-112.0
1.4
18.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-107.2
-0.5

16.0
4.5
-107.2
-0.5

-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

-42.5
0.0

-1.9
0.0

-46.9
0.0

-44.4
0.0

-44.4
0.0

-1.0
0.0

Siemens 2,5. Ericsson?
TMA default 12,0. TMB 12-22, default 12.

dB
dB
dB
dBm
dB
dB
dBm

EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

0.0
-104.0

158.7 158.7
"RF Guideline": Rural, late TRX 4,5dB, urban +1
(BTS type)

TMA

159.7 116.2
0.0

0.0

160.2 115.2
0.5

-1.0

118.6 118.6
-41.1

2.4

Dim.
Los/100m Length Loss
1/2"
7.2
0.2
7/8"
4.0
60
2.6
1 1/4"
3.3
0.2
1 5/8
2.6
0.2
Loss = inclusive of 0,2 dB connector losses
Feeder Loss
calculation

163.0 163.0

-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-111.5
-0.5
-112.0
1.4
18.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

16.0
4.5
-111.5
-0.5
-112.0
1.4
18.0
-0.5
-2.6
-0.7
-111.0
-1.0
1.5
-113.5

-46.0
0.0

-5.4
0.0

-50.4
0.0

-45.3
0.0

-45.3
0.0

157.7 112.7
0.0

162.1 162.1

0.0

156.7 111.7
-1.0

-1.0

117.7 117.7
-40.0

5.0

Ulf Thole / 2008-10-10 / Issue9+

unlock

GSM1800/1900

Subject : NTS-Ericsson-RadioComponents TMB trial Q4 2008

Worst case TMB scenario with MS
- Pout reduced 2 dB
- RX sensitivity increased by 2 dB

Set A in box to activate >>

Low capacity (Non-Hybrid Combined)
2 Channels/sector
A
A
A
A
No TMA
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

Downlink
Uplink

BTS (TRX) Pout excl Combining
RF in/out & combining
Dual Band Diplex Filters x2
BTS jumper
Main feeder&connector
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB
Power into TMB
TMA DL loss & TMB Tx gain
TMB Pout
AntennaJumper
Power into antenna
BTS antenna

dBm
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dBm
dB
dBm
dB
dB
dBi

Pathloss

dB

MS Antenna Gain + Body loss
MS Sensitivity

dBi
dB

MS output
MS Antenna Gain + Body loss

dBm
dBi

Pathloss

dB

BTS Antenna
BTS Antenna Rx Xpol diversity
Sensitivity@Antenna excl diversity
Antenna Jumper
Sensitivity@TMA/TMA ant port
TMA/TMB LNA NF
TMA/TMB LNA Gain
Jumper from feeder to TMA/TMB
Main feeder&connector
BTS jumper
BTS sensitivity at cabinet port
BTS internal path loss to 1st LNA
BTS first LNA NF
BTS decoding sensitivity, after LNA

dBm
dBi
dBm
dB
dBm
dB
dB

Ericsson RBS2106 (outdoor)
Combining loss
Option -0,3x2= -0,6 (not shown in UL)
(3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8
Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below
YES if feeder 7/8" or thicker

Normally 2,5 dB more than 850/900 for same size

44.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.9

-0.5
40.0
18.5

40.7
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.9

-0.5
36.7
18.5

160.5 157.2
neg value
-2 dB offset

Class1 less 2dB
neg value

Balance DL-UL
Overbalance advantage

Pathloss
Pathloss relative gain
NOTES
b) Overbalance GMSK normally useful,
EDGE/8PSK increase DL bit rate / coverage
+6 dB = 2x GPRS
c) No jumper needed for thin 1/2" feeder

Ref "RF Guideline", max 2 dB (half diff)

40.7
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.5
39.0
18.5

-0.5
35.7
18.5

159.5 156.2

40.0
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5
36.0
7.3
43.3
-0.5
42.8
18.5

40.0
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5
36.0
7.3
43.3
-0.5
42.8
18.5

163.3 163.3

44.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.9

-0.5
36.5
18.5

40.7
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.9

-0.5
33.2
18.5

157.0 153.7

TMA

A

RC TMB

GMSK

EDGE
8PSK

44.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5

40.7
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5

-0.5

-0.5

-0.5
35.5
18.5

-0.5
32.2
18.5

156.0 152.7

GMSK
40.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5
32.5
10.8
43.3
-0.5
42.8
18.5

EDGE
8PSK
40.0
-3.5
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5
32.5
10.8
43.3
-0.5
42.8
18.5

163.3 163.3

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

0.0
-102.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

28.0
0.0

18.5
4.5
-106.5
-0.5

18.5
4.5
-106.5
-0.5

-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

3.0
1.0

162.1 162.1

157.5 157.5

18.5
4.5
-111.1
-0.5
-111.6
1.4
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-111.1
-0.5
-111.6
1.4
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-106.5
-0.5

18.5
4.5
-106.5
-0.5

-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

-0.3
-0.1

-2.1
-1.0

-5.4
-1.0

1.2
0.6

1.2
0.6

-0.5
-0.3

158.5 157.2
0.0

161.6 161.6
18.5
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

Siemens 2,5. Ericsson?
TMA default 12,0. TMB 12-22, default 12.
Insert feeder length in "Feeder Loss" table below
(3m 1/2") +connectors + CI, default 0,8
Ericsson states -111,5 for CDU-G, no TMA
Cabinet internal loss to LNA
LNA NF normal value
-122(KTB 160kHz) + 8(ETSI 7-9) + 0,5(mixer etc?)

44.0
0.0
0.0
-0.7
-2.9
-0.5

No TMA
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

0.0
-102.0

dB
dB
dB
dBm
dB
dB
dBm

EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

A

RC TMB
EDGE
GMSK 8PSK

0.0
-102.0

157.5 157.5
"RF Guideline": Rural, late TRX 4,5dB, urban +1
(BTS type)

TMA

High capacity (Hybrid Combined)
4(+) Channels/sector
A
A
A
A

0.0

159.5 156.2
1.0

-1.0

162.7 162.7
4.2

5.5

Dim.
Los/100m Length Loss
1/2"
10.5
0.2
7/8"
6.5
0.2
1 1/4"
5.3
50
2.9
1 5/8
4.2
0.2
Loss = inclusive of 0,2 dB connector losses
Feeder Loss
calculation

SUM:

0
60
0
0
60

0
0
50
0
50

10

162.1 162.1

-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-110.6
-0.5
-111.1
2.0
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-111.1
-0.5
-111.6
1.4
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

18.5
4.5
-111.1
-0.5
-111.6
1.4
12.0
-0.5
-2.9
-0.7
-110.5
-1.5
1.5
-113.5

-3.8
-1.0

-5.6
-1.0

-8.9
-1.0

1.2
0.6

1.2
0.6

157.0 153.7
0.0

161.6 161.6

0.0

156.0 152.7
-1.0

162.7 162.7

-1.0

Warning: Length differs from GSM900-850

5.7

9.0

Ulf Thole / 2008-10-10 / Issue9+

unlock

Subject : NTS-Ericsson-RadioComponents TMB trial Q4 2008
Calculating Coverage Range & Area for GMSK

Coverage Range (km)
9.0

Urban

Low capacity - No HC
No TMA

TMA

High Cap - Hybrid Combined
RC TMB

No TMA

TMA

No TX combining

8.0

RC TMB

Range (km)

7.0

GSM900
GSM1800

Area (sqkm)

7.8

0.0

0.0

6.8

0.0

0.0

4.5

4.8

5.9

4.0

3.8

5.9

One sector cell hexagonal pattern in a cluster
39.8

0.0

0.0

30.3

0.0

0.0

GSM1800

12.9

14.8

23.0

10.5

9.2

23.0

159.7

0.0

0.0

157.7

0.0

0.0

158.5

159.5

162.7

157.0

156.0

162.7

4.0
3.0

GSM900
GSM1800

In-car, BTS X-pol

6.0
5.0

GSM900

Allowable PL (link budget)

Allowable PL adjusted with below "MS reception" added loss

GSM900

153.7

-6.0

-6.0

151.7

-6.0

-6.0

GSM1800

152.5

153.5

156.7

151.0

150.0

156.7

2.0
1.0
0.0
No TMA

NOTE : For EDGE the coverage improvement may be increased by 3,3 dB due to the RC TMB TurboEDGE feature
Range calculations (Okomura-Hata formula)
Terrains Urban
Suburb&Semi-open
Rural
Open
MS reception

Antennas

TX combining

1

Outdoor, BTS X-pol
In-car, BTS X-pol
In-car, BTS V-pol
BTS ant. height (m)
- Ditto Log(HB) :
MS ant. height (m) :

1

GSM
45.0850/900

850/900 1800/1900
147
154
137
146
128
134
118
124
Additional path loss
0
6
9
guess

TMA

GSM
1800/1900

RC TMB

No TMA

TMA

RC TMB

TMA

RC TMB

Coverage Area (sqkm)

40.0

Area
calculated
above for
one cell only

35.0
30.0
25.0

50
1.70
1.5

20.0
15.0

"1" must be
filled into
one of the
"Terrain" &
"MS
reception"
rows!
A
A

10.0
5.0
0.0
No TMA

0
A
50

A

0A
A

0
A

0
A

TMA

RC TMB

No TMA

Arrows above are for a triple layer capacity site
(1-2 TX GSM900 plus 3-4 TX each for GSM1800 TMA and TMB configurations

GSM 850 / 900

GSM 1800 / 1900

NF tot @ TMA/TMB antenna input

NFtot = NFTMA + 10log

[

10[ ( Ljump-tma + Lfeed + Ljump-bts + Lbts-int )
10(Gtma/10)

/ 10 ]

-1

Rxsense@TMA = -122 (KTB@160kHz) + 8 (SNRrequired 7-9 = ETSI) + 0,5 (BT

GSM 1800 / 1900

+

10[ NFbts-lna / 10 ] - 1
10(Gtma/10) * 10[ ( Ljump-tma + Lfeed + LjumpBTS + Lbts-int ) / 10 ]

ed 7-9 = ETSI) + 0,5 (BTS mixer...) + NFtot@TMA (down to BTS LNA)

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