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No process
In this section, the temperature in this system does not changed where temperature is 25.2°C.
This is because no process occurs in this section. There is no factor contributes to change the air
property changes in this process. We, conclude that all the value readings recorded at
temperature in and out are all in the room temperature
Heating process
After the experiment is conducted, we clearly can take the reading temperature at fan inlet with
25.2°C (dry) and 21.3°C (wet) on test Ref. 1. After steady condition is achieved, the temperature
was raised to 36°C (dry) and 29.5°C (wet). Based on this experiment, the temperature increase is
not consistent because of the factor that contributes to heating process. The air temperature
reached to maximum value of 36°C (dry) and 29.5°C (wet) but the relative humidity value
slightly down compare to relative humidity at fan inlet. This shows that the moisture is
decreasing upon the heating process. The air relative humidity values drop from 70% to 64%
Cooling process
Based on the experiment, at this section, the compressor of refrigerator system is switched on
and the process called cooling process. By referring to the result, we can determined that the
temperature of air decreasing from 36°C (dry) and 29.5°C (wet) to 27°C (dry) and 26.5°C (wet)
respectively. The data proved that the cooling process decrease temperature value. The air
relative humidity is increasing from 64% to 98%. This shows that the moisture is increasing
upon cooling process.
Humidification process
For this section, the water vapor or moisture are added to the air without changing the
temperature. The temperature still has changed after humidification process that decreased and
increased from started to second section. Based on the theoretical, humidification process does
not affect the temperature but in experiment, the temperature still changed. The value of air
humidity in this section also has changed but in controlled value. Thus, the percentage error
between theoretical and the experiment data also in controlled value.

Dehumidification is a psychometric process where the water is removes from the air as the air
temperature falls below the dew point temperature. The air relative humidity decreased from
98% to 68%. This shows us that moisture percentage in the air drop in dehumidification process.
In addition, the temperature of the air is increased from 27°C to 36°C. This prove that
temperature different involves in dehumidification process.
Based on the result that we have calculated, the specific work done for test ref. 1 are 35kJ,14kJ
and 2kJ for section B, section c, section D respectively. Next, for actual work done are 336.78kJ,
836.72kJ and 769.33kJ for section B, section C and D respectively. Power input for test ref. 1 is
187.2W and the efficiency is 97.73%.
Next, for the test ref. 2 the specific work done are 337.75kJ, 835.77kJ and 769.34kJ for section
B, section C and section D. Besides, the actual work done is the same as test ref. 1 because we
have used average value for test ref. 1 and test ref. 2. Lastly, the power input is 204.1W and the
efficiency of the process is 97.63%.
As the conclusion, we can understand the air conditioning system. After the experiment was
conducted, the most importance role is heat and moisture in the air-conditioning system. Air
conditioning is the cooling of indoor air for thermal comfort. In a broader sense, the term can
refer to any form of cooling, heating, ventilation, or disinfection that modifies the condition of
air. An air conditioner is an appliance, system, or machine designed to stabilize the air
temperature and humidity within an area (used for cooling as well as heating depending on the
air properties at a given time), typically using a refrigeration cycle but sometimes using
evaporation, commonly for comfort cooling in buildings and motor vehicles. (
There are some advantages of air-conditioning system; (infomechy)
 Improved working efficiency, reduce stress and absenteeism
 Increased sales, productivity, comfortless
 Less cleaning materials and furniture last longer
 Suitable environment for plants growth, process, electronic and laboratory areas
 Reduce internal and external pollution
 Less risk of fire or damage due to static electricity caused by dry air
From the result of the experiment, the value of mass flow rate of air and vapor mixture is higher
than the value of mass flow rate of the dry air. It shows that the flow rate of air and vapor
mixture is much more used in the air conditioning unit. During the heating process, the highest
temperature can be obtained is 32.53°C. It is because human cannot resist in a high temperature
that more than around 33°C since the normal temperature of human body is 37°C. The
temperature of cooling process, humidification process and dehumidification process that
obtained during the experiment is in the range from 19°C to 27.6°C. If compared with the
theoretical analysis, there was a difference that maybe occurred by an error during the
experiment. Maybe the air conditioning unit was not being checked regularly by the schedule
maintenance and the reading should be taking at least three times for a better or accurate result