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Department of Mechanical Engineering

III Year / VI Semester

[2013 – 2017 Batch]

ME 6603 – Finite Element Analysis

Question Bank

UNIT 1 – Introduction

Part A

1. What is the basis of finite element method? 1 R Apr/May 2009

What are the methods are generally associated with the

2. 1 R

finite element analysis?

What is meant by post processing?

3. 1 R Apr/May 2013

List out two advantages of post-processing.

Give two sketches of structures that have both discrete

4. 1 R Apr/May 2012

elements and continuum

5. Name the weighted residual methods. 1 R

Write about the Galerkin’s residual method (or) what are the

6. 1 R Apr/May 2012

basic steps of Gallerkin method? Nov/Dec 2013

7. On what basis, collocation of points are selected 1 U Nov/Dec 2012

8. What is Rayleigh-Ritz method? 1 R

Compare Rayleigh-Ritz method with Nodal approximation

9. 1 U Nov/Dec 2012

method

What is the difference between Ritz technique and Galerkin

10. 1 U Nov/Dec 2011

technique?

Apr/May 2012

12. What is meant by discretization and assemblage? 1 U

What is meant by degrees of freedom? State with example

13. 1 R

the degrees of freedom at a node in Finite Element analysis.

14. Define total potential energy. 1 R

What are the difference between boundary value problem

15. 1 R

and initial value problem?

Page 1

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

17. What is interpolation function? 1 R Apr/May 2012

What are 'h' and 'p' versions / refinements of finite element

18. 1 R Nov/Dec 2012

method?

Derive the Governing equation for a bar fixed at one end and

19. subjected to self weight and a point load at the free end and 1 U Apr/May 2014

give the associated boundary conditions.

List out various weighted residual methods and differentiate

20. 1 R Apr/May 2015

between residue and error in solution.

21. What is the limitation of using a finite difference method 1 U Apr/May 2010

22. List the various method of solving boundary value problems 1 R Apr/May 2010

23. State the advantages of Gaussian Elimination technique 1 R Apr/May 2013

What is the principle of skyline solution based on Gaussian

24. 1 R Nov/Dec 2013

elimination?

25. What are the advantages of week formulation? 1 U Apr/May 2015

26. What should be considered during piecewise trial function? 1 U Apr/May 2011

27. Mention the basic steps of Rayleigh Ritz method. 1 R Apr/May 2011

28. What is Gallerkin method of approximation? 1 R Nov/Dec 2009

What are Eigen value problems? Give at least two examples

29. 1 R Apr/May 2014

for the same.

Differentiate between primary and secondary variables with

30. 1 R Nov/Dec 2013

suitable examples

31. State the advantages of Guass elimination technique 1 U Apr/May 2013

32. List the types of nodes 1 R Apr/May 2012

33. What is meant by node or joint? 1 R Apr/May 2014

34. Define p-refinement. 1 R Nov/Dec 2012

Part B

a) Discuss the factors to be considered in discretization of a

domain (10)

1. 1 U Apr/May 2013

b) Solve the following equation using the gauss elimination

method (6)

Page 2

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

2x1 + 3x2 + x3 = 9

x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 6

3x1 + x2 + 2x3 = 0

a) The following differential equation is available for a

physical phenomenon. (d²w/dx²)-10x2 = 5 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 10,

The Boundary conditions are, w(0) = 0, w(1) = 0. By taking

two-term trial function as w(x) = C1 f1(X) + C2 f2(X) with f1

(X) = x (x-1) and f2 (X) = x2 (x-1) Find the value of the

2. parameter by using Galerkin’s Method. (10) 1 U Nov/Dec 2009

b) Solve the following equation using the gauss elimination

method (6)

x1 + 3x2 + 2x3 = 13

-2x1 + x2 - x3 = -3

-5x1 + x2 + 3x3 = 6

A beam AB of span ‘l’ simply supported at ends and carrying

a point load W at the centre ‘C’. Determine the deflection at

3. 1 U Nov/Dec 2009

mid span by using Rayleigh-Ritz method and compare with

exact result.

A SSB subjected to UDL over entire span and it is subjected

to a point load at centre of the span. Calculate the bending

4. 1 U Apr/May 2013

moment and deflection at midspan by using Rayleigh- Ritz

method and compare with exact solution.

The differential equation of a physical phenomenon is given

by d²y/d²x + 500x² = 0; 0≤ x ≤ 1. By using the trial function,

y = a1 (x – x3) + a2 (x –x5), calculate the value of the

5. parameters a1 and a2 by the following (i) Point collocation 1 U

Method; (ii) Subdomain collocation Method; (iii) Least

square Method; (iv) Galerkin’s Method. The boundary

conditions are: y (0) = 0, y(1) = 0.

6. List and briefly describes the general steps involved in FEA 1 U Nov/Dec 2012

Apr/May 2014

d²y

Consider the differential equation + 400x² = 0; 0≤ x ≤ 1.

d²x

7. Subjected to the boundary conditions y (0) = 0 and y (1) = 0. 1 U Nov/Dec 2009

The functional corresponding to this problem to be

Page 3

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

extremized is given by

1

I= 0

{−0.5(dy/dx)2 + 400 x2 y}

Find the solution of the problem using Rayleigh-Ritz method

by considering a two term solution as

y(x) = c1 x (1 - x) + c2 x2 ( 1 - x)

Discuss the following methods to solve the given differential

d²y

equation. EI d²x – M(x) = 0

8. 1 U Apr/May 2010

With the boundary conditions y (0) = 0 and y(l) = 0 ; using

a) Variational Method b) Collocation Method

i) Describe the historical background of FEM

9. ii) Explain with relevance of FEA for solving design problems 1 U Nov/Dec 2013

with the aid of examples.

A rod fixed at its ends is subjected to a varying body force as

shown. Use the Rayleigh Ritz technique with an assumed

10. 1 U Nov/Dec 2013

displacement field u = a0 + a1x + a2x2 to determine

displacement u(x) and stress σ (x)

Determine using any weighted residual technique the

temperature distribution along a circular fin of length 6 cm

and radius 1 cm. The fin is attached to a boiler whose wall

temperature is 140oC and the free end is insulated. Assume

convection coefficient h = 10 W/cm2 0C. Conduction

coefficient K=70 W/cm2 0C and T∞ = 400C. The governing

11. 1 U Apr/May 2015

equation for heat transfer through the fin is given by

temperatures at every 1 cm from the left end.

i) Discuss the importance of FEA in assisting design process.

ii) Solve the ordinary differential equation

Page 4

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Gallerkin method with the trial functions No(x)=0;

N1(x)=x(1-x2) [10 marks]

The differential equation for a phenomenon is given by

The boundary conditions are y(0)=0; y(5)=0

Find the approximate solution using any classical technique.

Start with minimum possible approximate solution

i) list and briefly describe the general steps of finite element

method

ii) Derive an equation to find the displacement at node 2 of

fixed – fixed beam subjected to axial load P at node 2 using

Rayleigh Ritz method. Find out stress at nodal points.

14. 1 U Apr/May 2012

The differential equation for a phenomenon is given by

The boundary conditions are y(0)=0; y(1)=0

Find the one term approximate solution using Gallerkin’s

method of weighted residuals.

Determine using any numerical technique, the temperature

distribution along a circular fin of length 8cm and radius

1cm. The fin is attached to a boiler whose wall temperature

16. is 120 °C and the free end is insulated. Assume convection 1 U Nov/Dec 2013

coefficient h=10 W/cm2 °C, Conduction coefficient K= 70

W/cm2 °C and T∞ = 40°C. Calculate the temperatures at

every 1cm from the left end

Page 5

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Part A

1. Define body force (f). 2 R

2. What are the factors which govern the selection of nodes? 2 R Nov/Dec 2012

3. Define shape function. 2 R Nov/Dec 2011

4. List the characteristics of shape function 2 R Apr/May 2010

Why polynomial term preferred for shape functions in finite

5. 2 U Apr/May 2011

element method?

What is the need for coordinate transformation in solving truss

6. 2 R Nov/Dec 2013

problems?

7. What are the types of Non-linearity 2 R Apr/May 2012

8. State the properties of a stiffness matrix 2 R Nov/Dec 2013

Nov/Dec 2011

9. What is natural co-ordinates? 2 R

Write down the expression of stiffness matrix for one dimensional

10. 2 R

bar element.

Write down the expression of shape function N and displacement

11. 2 R

u for one dimensional bar element.

12. Distinguish between 1 D bar element and 1D beam element 2 R Nov/Dec 2009

13. Write down the expression of stiffness matrix for a truss element. 2 R

14. State the assumptions made while finding the forces in a truss. 2 R

15. Derive the convection matrix for a 1D linear bar element 2 U Apr/May 2015

Write down the conduction matrix for a three noded linear

16. 2 R Apr/May 2015

triangular element

17. Derive the mass matrix for a 1 D linear bar element. 2 U Apr/May 2015

Write down the governing equation and for 1 D longitudinal

18. vibration of a bar fixed at one end and give the boundary 2 R Apr/May 2015

conditions

19. Define Damping ratio. 2 R

20. Define magnification factor. 2 R

Write down the expression of longitudinal vibration of bar

21. 2 R

element.

Write down the expression of governing equation for free axial

22. 2 R

vibration of rod.

Page 6

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

23. 2 R

problems?

24. Define dynamic analysis. 2 R Apr/May 2014

25. Define lumped and consistent mass matrix. 2 R

Part B

For a tapered plate of uniform thickness t=10mm as shown in fig.

Find the displacements at the nodes by forming into two element

model. The bar has mass density ρ = 7800kg/m3, young’s

modulus, E=2x105MN/m2. In addition to self-weight, the plate is

subjected to a point load p=10kN at its centre. Also determine the

reaction force at the support.

1. 2 U

applied at point p. Take A1=2400 mm², E1=70x109N/m2, A2=600

mm², E2=200x109N/m2. Calculate the following: (a) The nodal

displacement as point p. (b) Stress in each material. (c) Reaction

2. force. 2 U

reactions for the stepped bar loaded as shown in Fig., P1= 100 kN

and P2=75 kN. The details of each section of the bar are tabulated

3. below: 2 U Nov/Dec 2013

Portion Material E (GPa) Area (mm2)

A Steel 200 1200

B Aluminium 70 800

Page 7

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Determine the nodal displacements, stress and strain for the bar

shown in Fig.,

4. 2 U Nov/Dec 2014

temperature of 80°C. Determine the displacements, stresses and

support reactions. Assume the following data:

5. 2 U

For the beam and loading shown in fig. Calculate the rotations at

B and C.E=210GPa, I=6x106mm4.

6. 2 U

7. 2 U Apr/May 2015

loaded as shown in Fig., Determine also the reactions at the

Page 8

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

8. 2 U Nov/Dec 2011

fundaments. (AU Nov 2011)

Derive using Lagrangian Polynomials the shape functions for a

9. one dimensional three noded bar element. Plot the variation of the 2 U Apr/May 2015

same. Hence derive the stiffness matrix and load vector

displacements and stresses in each elements

in Fig., at the mid-span and at the tip. Determine also the reactions

at the fixed end. E1 = 200 GPa. E2 = 85GPa, I = 20 x 10-6 m4

11. 2 U

For the plane truss shown in fig. determine the horizontal and

vertical displacements of nodal and the stresses in each element.

All elements have E=201GPa and A=4x10-4 m2

Page 9

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Both bars having E = 210 GPa and A = 5.0 x 10-4 m2. Bar one has a

length of 5 m and bar two has a length of 10 m. The spring

stiffness is k = 2 kN/m. Determine the horizontal and vertical

displacements at the joint 1 and stresses in each bar

13. 2 U Nov/Dec 2009

unconstrained stepped bar as shown in fig.

frequencies of longitudinal vibration using two elements of equal

length. Take E = 2x105 N/mm2, ρ = 0.8x10-4N/mm3, and

15. L=400mm. 2 U

whose stiffness and mass matrices are given below. Apr/May 2014

16. 2 U

Apr/May 2008

17. 2 U Apr/May 2014

transverse vibration of a beam

Derive a finite element equation for one dimensional heat

18. 2 U Apr/May 2014

conduction with free end convection

Derive the stiffness matrix and load vectors for fluid mechanics in

19. 2 U Apr/May 2014

two dimensional finite element

2 U

Page 10

20. A Composite wall consists of three materials as shown in fig., The Apr/May 2015

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

is 50°C with a convection coefficient of 10 W/cm2 °C. Determine

the temperature along the composite wall

50˚C as shown in figure. The fin is insulated on the surface

expected the end face which is exposed to air at 25 ˚C. The length

of the pin is 1000 mm, the fin is made of metal with thermal

conductivity of 37 W/m K. If the convection heat coefficient with

air is 15 W/m2 K. Find the temperature distribution at 250, 500,

21. 2 U Apr/May 2012

750 and 1000 mm from the base

element in Natural coordinates [8]

22. 2 U Nov/Dec 2012

ii) Derive the stiffness matrix for heat transfer using shape

functions for a four noded quadrilateral element

Determine the temperature distribution in one dimensional

rectangular cross section as shown in fig. The fin has rectangular

cross section and is 8 cm long wide and 1cm thick. Assume that

convection heat loss occurs from the end of the fin. Take K = 3

23. 2 U Apr/May 2011

W/cm˚ C, h=3 W/cm2˚C, T=20˚C

Page 11

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Part A

1. How do you define a two dimensional elements? 3 R Apr/May 2014

Write down the shape function for 4 noded rectangular element

2. 3 R

using natural coordinates system

3. What is QST (Quadratic strain Triangular) element? 3 R Apr/May 2014

Write down the shape functions associated with the three noded

4. 3 R Apr/May 2015

linear triangular element and plot the variation of the same

Write down the nodal displacement equations for a two

5. 3 R Apr/May 2010

dimensional triangular elasticity element

6. What is meant by plane stress analysis? 3 R

Give at least one example each for plane stress and plane strain

7. 3 U Apr/May 2015

analysis

List the importance of two dimensional plane stress and plane

8. 3 U Apr/May 2012

strain analysis

9. Distinguish between plane stress and plane strain problems 3 R Apr/May 2009

Apr/May 2013

10. Why a CST element So called? 3 U Nov/Dec 2014

11. Distinguish between CST and LST elements 3 U Apr/May 2013

Specify the strain displacement matrix of CST element and

12. 3 R Nov/Dec 2013

comment on it

Nov/Dec 2008

Write down the governing equation for Two dimensional steady

14. 3 R Apr/May 2014

state heat conduction

Part B

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year

Determine three points on the 50°C contour line for the

rectangular element shown in figure. The nodal values are Φi

=42° C, Φj = 54°C, Φk=56°C and Φm = 46°C

1. 3 U Apr/May 2010

Page 12

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

triangular elements with the nodal temperatures given as

2. 3 U Nov/Dec 2012

Ti=40°C, Tj=44°C and Tk=46°C. The nodal coordinates are i (0,0),

j(4,0.5) and k(3,6)

A bilinear rectangular element has the coordinates as shown in

Fig., and the nodal temperatures are T1 = 100° C, T2= 60°C,

T3=50°C and T4=90°C. Compute the temperature at the point

whose coordinates are (2.5, 2.5). Also determine the 80°C

isotherm.

3. 3 U Apr/May 2015

4. 3 U

triangular element.

Determine the shape functions for a constant triangular (CST)

5. 3 U Apr/May 2014

element in terms of natural co-ordinate system

Determine the shape functions N1,N2 and N3 at the interior point

p for the triangular element show in the figure

6. 3 U Apr/May 2014

shown in fig., under plane stress conditions. Take E = 2e5

N/mm², µ = 0.3 and t = 10mm.

7. 3 U Nov/Dec 2010

Calculate the element stress σx, σy, τxy σ1 and σ2 and the

8. 3 U

Page 13

Apr/May 2009

principle angle θp for the element shown in figure. The nodal

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

1mm, v2 = 0, v3 = 1mm. Let E = 210 GPa, µ = 0.25. Assume

plane stress condition.

displacements are given as; u1=0.005mm, u2=0.002mm,

u3=0.0mm, u4=0.0mm and u5=0.004mm, u6=0.0mm. Determine

the element stresses. Take E = 200 Gpa and γ=0.3.Use unit

thickness for the plane strain

9. 3 U Apr/May 2010

plate, fixed along one edge and subjected to concentrated load at

its free end, Take E=70Gpa, thickness of the plate = 10 mm and

Poisson’s ration = 0.3

displacements are given as u1=0.005mm, v1=0.002mm,

u2=0.0,v2=0.0,u3=0.005mm and v3=0.30mm. Determine the

11. 3 U Apr/May 2012

element stresses and the principle angle. Take E = 70 Gpa and

poisson’s ratio =0.3 and use unit thickness for plane strain. All

the coordinates are in mm.

Page 14

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

vector for the plane stress element shown in fig. The element

experiences 20°C increase in temperature. Take E = 15e6 N/cm2,

γ=0.25, t=0.5 cm and α=6 e-6/°C

subjected to inplane loads. The (x,y) coordinates of nodes i,j and

k of an element are given by (2,3), (4,1) and (4,5) mm

respectively. The nodal displacements are given as

13. 3 U Apr/May 2013

u1=2.0mm, u2=0.5mm, u3=3.0mm

v1=1.0mm, v2=0.0mm, v3=0.5mm

Determine element stresses, Let E = 160Gpa, Poisson’s ratio =

0.25 and thickness of the element t=10mm.

a) The (x,y) co-ordinates i,j and k of a triangular element are

given by (0,0),(3,0) and (1.5,4) mm respectively. Evaluate

the shape functions N1,N2 and N3 at an interior point P

14. 3 U Apr/May 2009

(2,2.5)mm for the element [4]

b) For the same triangular element, obtain the strain-

displacement relation matrix B [12]

For the two-dimensional loaded plate shown in fig., determine

the nodal displacements and element stress using plane strain

15. 3 U Apr/May 2011

condition considering the body force. Take E as 200 Gpa,

poisson’s ratio as 0.3 and density as 7800 kg/m3(AU April 2011)

Page 15

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

extracted from a thin plate of thickness 0.5 cm. The material is

hot rolled low carbon stell. The nodal co-ordinates are xi = 0; yi =

0, xj = 0, yj = -1, xk = 2 and yk= -1 cm. Determine the element

stiffness matrix. Assuming plane stress analysis. Take 0.3 and E =

2.1 x 107 N/cm2 (AU May 2012)

17. conduction problem using triangular element by galerkin’s 3 U Nov/Dec 2013

approach

Consider a rectangular plate of length 3500 mm and width 2500

mm having a thickness of 300 mm. It is subjected to a uniform

heat source of 200 W/m3 acting over the whole body. The

18. temperature of the top side of the body is maintained at 130˚C. 3 U Nov/Dec 2013

The body is insulated on the other edges. Take the thermal

conductivity of the materials as 35 W/m˚C. Determine the

temperature distribution using triangular elements.

A two dimensional fin is subjected to heat transfer by conduction

and convection. It is discretised as shown in fig., in to two

19. elements using linear triangular elements. Derive the conduction 3 U Apr/May 2015

and thermal load vector. How is convection accounted for in

solving the problem using finite element method? (AU Apr 2015)

Page 16

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Determine the element matrices and vectors for the LST element

shown in fig. The nodal coordinates are i (1,1), j(5,2) and k(3,5).

Convection takes place along the edge jk. (AU May 2013)

Part A

What are the differences between 2 dimensional scalar

1. 4 R Apr/May 2009

variable and vector variable elements?

Write down the displacement equation for an axisymmetric

2. 4 R

triangular element.

Give the strain displacement matrix equation for an

3. 4 R

axisymmetric triangular element.

Write the stress-strain relationship matrix equation for an

4. 4 R

axisymmetric triangular element.

List the required conditions for a problem assumed to be

5. 4 U Apr/May 2015

axisymmetric.

Apr/May 2012

Give four examples of practical applications of axisymmetric

6. 4 U Apr/May 2013

elements

Apr/May 2011

7. Sketch a finite element model for a long cylinder subjected to 4 U Nov/Dec 2013

Page 17

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

8. What is meant by axi-symmetric element? 4 R Nov/Dec 2007

List out the various 2-dimesional Finite elements that are

9. 4 U Nov/Dec 2012

generally used for 2-Dimensional vector variable problems.

10. Name any two problems related to axisymmetric case. 4 U Nov/Dec 2012

Write the material stiffness matrix for (i) plane stress (ii)

11. 4 R Nov/Dec 2011

plane strain 2D structural problems.

With suitable examples and the governing equations

12. 4 U Nov/Dec 2013

distinguish between vector and scalar variable problems.

Part B

For the axisymmetric elements shown in fig., determine the

element stresses and stiffness matrix. Let E =210 GPa and µ

= 0.25. The co-ordinates all are in millimetres. The nodal

displacement are u1 = 0.05mm, u2 = 0.02mm, u3 = 0mm and

w1 = 0.03mm, w2 = 0.02, w3 = 0mm.

1. 4 U Apr/May 2009

axisymmetric element? Explain [4]

2. 4 U Apr/May 2013

b) Derive the stiffness matrix of an axisymmeric element

using potential approach [12]

3. Derive constitutive matrix for axisymmetric analysis 4 U Nov/Dec 2012

Establish the traction force vector and estimate the nodal

forces corresponding to a uniform radial pressure of 7 bar

4. 4 U Apr/May 2012

acting on an axisymmetric element as shown in figure. Take

E = 200 GPa and Poisson’s ratio = 0.25

Page 18

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

triangular element are given by (3,4),(6,5) and (5,8) cm

5. respectively. The element displacement (in cm) vector is 4 U Apr/May 2009

given as q= [0.002, 0.001, 0.004, -0.003, 0.007]T. Determine

the element strains.

i) For the member shown, typical element has coordinates as

shown in Fig. E = 210 GPa and µ=0.3

1) If the member is subjected to internal pressure how

will you analyse the problem? (3marks)

2) Determine the strain displacement relations and the

strain displacement matrix. (5marks)

3) How will you solve for stresses in this member?

(3 marks)

6. 4 U Apr/May 2014

solid flywheel. How will you model the same and what

elements would you choose? (5 marks)

A circular aluminium rod is having a length of 700 cm. The

area of cross section is 60 cm2. The bar is subjected to an

7. axial compressive load of 50 kN at the fixed end. Calculate 4 U Nov/Dec 2012

the maximum displacement and stress developed in the bar.

Page 19

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

8. 4 U Nov/Dec 2012

displacement matrix for an axisymmetric triangular element.

Calculate the element stiffness matrix and the thermal force

vector for the axisymmetric triangular element.

r1 = 6, z1=7, r2 = 8, z2=7, r3 = 9, z3=10

9. 4 U

The element experiences a 150C increase in temperature.

The coordinates are in mm.

Take α = 10 x 10-6/oC ; E = 210 GPa; µ=0.25

The nodal coordinate for an axisymmetric triangular

element are given below

10. 4 U

r1 = 20, z1=40, r2 = 40, z2=40, r3 = 30, z3=60

Evaluate [B] matrix and [K] Matrix for that element.

Part A

1. What do you mean by isoparamertic formulation? 5 R Nov/Dec 2007

2. Define Isoparametric elements. 5 R Nov/Dec 2008

State the basic laws on which isoparametric concept is

3. 5 R Apr/May 2008

developed.

Write the natural co-ordinates for the point P of the

4. 5 R Nov/Dec 2008

triangular element. The point P is the C.G of the triangle.

Define superparmetric element. Give an example. 5 R& Apr/May 2009

5.

U Nov/Dec 2013

Write down the gauss Intergration formula for triangular

6. 5 R Apr/May 2009

domains.

7. When are isoparametric elements used? 5 U Apr/May 2013

8. Name a few FEA Packages. 6 U Nov/Dec 2014

Write the shape function for the 1D quadratic isoparametric

9. 5 R Nov/Dec 2014

element

Write the shape function for the 4 noded and 8 noded

10. 5 R Nov/Dec 2013

isoparametric element

What is post processing? Give an example

12. 6 R Apr/May 2013

List the two advantages of post processing.

13. What is the salient feature of the isoparametric element? 5 U Apr/May 2012

Page 20

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

15. 5 R

elements.

Write down stiffness matrix equation for 4 noded

16. 5 R

isoparametric quadrilateral elements.

18. Is beam element an Isoparametric element? 5 U

What is the difference between natural coordinate and

19. 5 R

simple natural coordinate?

With suitable examples explain what are serendipity

20. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013

elements are?

Derive the shape functions for linear isoparametric

21. 5 R Nov/Dec 2013

triangular element and plot the variation of the same.

Name the important load boundary conditions to be defined

22. in any commercial FEA preprocessor for the case of 6 U Nov/Dec 2012

structural problems.

Obtain the value of integral using Gauss two point

integration scheme u1,2 = ±0.57735, W 1, 2 =1

23. 5 U Nov/Dec 2011

Part B

Establish the strain displacement matrix for the linear

quadrilateral element as shown in figure at gauss point r =

0.57735 and s = - 0.57735

1. 5 U Nov/Dec 2007

2. 5 U

isoparametric quadrilateral element. Apr/May 2008

Integrate

3. 5 U Apr/May 2008

Page 21

F(x)=10+(20x)-(3x2/10)+(4x3/100)-(-5x4/1000)+(6x5/10000)

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Write short notes on

a) Uniqueness of mapping of isoparametric elements [6]

4. 5 U Nov/Dec 2008

b) Jacobian Matrix [5]

c) Gauss Quadrature integration technique[5]

i)Use gauss quadrature rule (n=2) to numerically integrate

5. 5 U Nov/Dec 2008

[10]

ii) Using natural coordinate derive the shape function for a

linear quadrilateral element [6]

For a triangular element shown in figure, compute the

stiffness matrix by using isoparamteric formulation and

numerical integration with one point quadrature rule.

E = 2x103 kN/cm2, µ=0.3

6. 5 U Apr/May 2009

quadrature

7. 5 U Apr/May 2009

8. 5 U Apr/May 2010

+1 by using 3 point Gaussian quadrature.

i) The Cartesian (global) coordinates of the corner nodes of a

quadrilateral element are given by (0,-1), (-2,3), (2,4) and

(5,3). Find the coordinate transformation between the global

9. and local (natural) coordinates. Using this, determine the 5 U Nov/Dec 2008

Cartesian coordinates of the point defined by (r,s) = (0.5,0.5)

in the global coordinate system. [8]

Page 22

ii) Evaluate the integral and compare with exact solution [8]

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

quadrilateral element are given by (1,0), (2,0), (2.5,1.5) and

ii) Distinguish between subparametric and superparametric

elements [4]

Use Gaussian quadrature to obtain an exact value of the

intergral

11. 5 U Apr/May 2010

Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point (1/2,1/3)

the same? (3 marks)

ii) Explain with suitable examples why we resort to

isoparametric transformation. Differentiate between

isoparametric, sub parametric and super parametric

elements. (5 marks)

iii) For the four noded element shown in figure determine

13. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013

the Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point (1/2, 1/3).

(8marks)

Page 23

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

using 1 2 and 3 point Integration. Compare with exact

solution.(8 marks)

ii) Evaluate the shape functions for a corner node and mid

side node of a quadratic triangular serendipity element and

plot its variation. (8 marks)

Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral

using 1 2 and 3 point Integration. Compare with exact

solution.(8 marks)

15. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013

(x,y) coordinates of the nodes are (1.5,2), (7,3.5) and (4,7) at

nodes i, j, k.

16. ii) Find the jacobian transformation for four noded 5 U Nov/Dec 2014

quadrilateral element with the (x,y) coordinates of the nodes

are (0,0), (2,0), (2,1), (0,1) at nodes i, j, k, l. Also find the

jacobian at point whose natural coordinates are (0,0)

i) Consider the four noded isoparametric quadrilateral

element with the (x,y) coordinates of the nodes are (5,5),

(11,7), (12,15), (4,10). Compute the jacobian matrix and its

determinant at the element centroid. (10)

ii) Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral

17. 5 U Apr/May 2013

using 2 point Integration. Compare with exact solution.

(6 marks)

18. nodal coordinates (0,0), (4,0), (4,2), (0,2) are u1 = 0mm, v1 = 5 U Apr/May 2013

Page 24

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

using the isoparametric formulation. Take E = 210 GPa,

poisson’s ratio = 0.25

Evaluate the integrals using appropriate Guassian

quadrature.

20. 5 U Apr/May 2012

quadrilateral element.

Define the following terms with suitable examples.

a) Plane stress and plane strain

c) Iso-parametric element

d) Axisymmetric analysis

Explain the concept of iso-parametric element formation in

22. finite element analysis and hence derive the stiffness matrix 5 U Nov/Dec 2012

of a 1D iso-parametric bar element.

Write short notes on:

(i) Serendipity elements

(ii) FE Solution methodology for dynamic problems

23. 5 U Nov/Dec 2012

(iii) Material stiffness (constitutive) matrix for plane stress

and axisymmetric problems

(iv) Numerical integration by Gauss Quadrature

i) Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral

(8 marks)

ii) Evaluate the shape functions for a corner node and mid

side node of a quadratic quadrilateral serendipity element

and plot its variation.

Page 25

ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

superparametric elements. State when you would use' each

of these elements. (8 marks)

ii). For the four noded element shown in fig. Determine the

Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point

(-1/1.732, -1/1.732). Comment on the value that you obtain.

(8marks)

26. 5 U Apr/May 2011

element and represent them graphically.

A four node quadrilateral element is defined by nodal

coordinates in mm as 1(3,8), 2(10,5), 3(12,18) and 4( 5,16).

The nodal displacement vector is given by

P(7,12) of the element, assuming plane stress condition.

Take youngs modulus and poisson’s ratio as 30 x 106 N/m2

and 0.3

A four noded rectangular element is shown in fig. Determine

the following:

i) Jacobian matrix

ii) Strain displacement matrix

iii) Element Stresses

Take E = 2 x 105 N/mm2, µ = 0.25

28. 5 U Apr/May 2012

u=[0,0,0.003,0.004,0.006,0.004,0,0]T Ɛ=0, ƞ=0.

Assuming Plane stress condition

Page 26

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