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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering
III Year / VI Semester
[2013 – 2017 Batch]
ME 6603 – Finite Element Analysis

Question Bank

UNIT 1 – Introduction

Part A

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


1. What is the basis of finite element method? 1 R Apr/May 2009
What are the methods are generally associated with the
2. 1 R
finite element analysis?
What is meant by post processing?
3. 1 R Apr/May 2013
List out two advantages of post-processing.
Give two sketches of structures that have both discrete
4. 1 R Apr/May 2012
elements and continuum
5. Name the weighted residual methods. 1 R
Write about the Galerkin’s residual method (or) what are the
6. 1 R Apr/May 2012
basic steps of Gallerkin method? Nov/Dec 2013
7. On what basis, collocation of points are selected 1 U Nov/Dec 2012
8. What is Rayleigh-Ritz method? 1 R
Compare Rayleigh-Ritz method with Nodal approximation
9. 1 U Nov/Dec 2012
method
What is the difference between Ritz technique and Galerkin
10. 1 U Nov/Dec 2011
technique?

11. State the principle of minimum potential energy. 1 R Nov/Dec 2011


Apr/May 2012
12. What is meant by discretization and assemblage? 1 U
What is meant by degrees of freedom? State with example
13. 1 R
the degrees of freedom at a node in Finite Element analysis.
14. Define total potential energy. 1 R
What are the difference between boundary value problem
15. 1 R
and initial value problem?
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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

16. What is "Aspect ratio"? 1 R


17. What is interpolation function? 1 R Apr/May 2012
What are 'h' and 'p' versions / refinements of finite element
18. 1 R Nov/Dec 2012
method?
Derive the Governing equation for a bar fixed at one end and
19. subjected to self weight and a point load at the free end and 1 U Apr/May 2014
give the associated boundary conditions.
List out various weighted residual methods and differentiate
20. 1 R Apr/May 2015
between residue and error in solution.
21. What is the limitation of using a finite difference method 1 U Apr/May 2010
22. List the various method of solving boundary value problems 1 R Apr/May 2010
23. State the advantages of Gaussian Elimination technique 1 R Apr/May 2013
What is the principle of skyline solution based on Gaussian
24. 1 R Nov/Dec 2013
elimination?
25. What are the advantages of week formulation? 1 U Apr/May 2015
26. What should be considered during piecewise trial function? 1 U Apr/May 2011
27. Mention the basic steps of Rayleigh Ritz method. 1 R Apr/May 2011
28. What is Gallerkin method of approximation? 1 R Nov/Dec 2009
What are Eigen value problems? Give at least two examples
29. 1 R Apr/May 2014
for the same.
Differentiate between primary and secondary variables with
30. 1 R Nov/Dec 2013
suitable examples
31. State the advantages of Guass elimination technique 1 U Apr/May 2013
32. List the types of nodes 1 R Apr/May 2012
33. What is meant by node or joint? 1 R Apr/May 2014
34. Define p-refinement. 1 R Nov/Dec 2012

Part B

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


a) Discuss the factors to be considered in discretization of a
domain (10)
1. 1 U Apr/May 2013
b) Solve the following equation using the gauss elimination
method (6)
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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

2x1 + 3x2 + x3 = 9
x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 6
3x1 + x2 + 2x3 = 0
a) The following differential equation is available for a
physical phenomenon. (d²w/dx²)-10x2 = 5 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 10,
The Boundary conditions are, w(0) = 0, w(1) = 0. By taking
two-term trial function as w(x) = C1 f1(X) + C2 f2(X) with f1
(X) = x (x-1) and f2 (X) = x2 (x-1) Find the value of the
2. parameter by using Galerkin’s Method. (10) 1 U Nov/Dec 2009
b) Solve the following equation using the gauss elimination
method (6)
x1 + 3x2 + 2x3 = 13
-2x1 + x2 - x3 = -3
-5x1 + x2 + 3x3 = 6
A beam AB of span ‘l’ simply supported at ends and carrying
a point load W at the centre ‘C’. Determine the deflection at
3. 1 U Nov/Dec 2009
mid span by using Rayleigh-Ritz method and compare with
exact result.
A SSB subjected to UDL over entire span and it is subjected
to a point load at centre of the span. Calculate the bending
4. 1 U Apr/May 2013
moment and deflection at midspan by using Rayleigh- Ritz
method and compare with exact solution.
The differential equation of a physical phenomenon is given
by d²y/d²x + 500x² = 0; 0≤ x ≤ 1. By using the trial function,
y = a1 (x – x3) + a2 (x –x5), calculate the value of the
5. parameters a1 and a2 by the following (i) Point collocation 1 U
Method; (ii) Subdomain collocation Method; (iii) Least
square Method; (iv) Galerkin’s Method. The boundary
conditions are: y (0) = 0, y(1) = 0.

6. List and briefly describes the general steps involved in FEA 1 U Nov/Dec 2012
Apr/May 2014
d²y
Consider the differential equation + 400x² = 0; 0≤ x ≤ 1.
d²x
7. Subjected to the boundary conditions y (0) = 0 and y (1) = 0. 1 U Nov/Dec 2009
The functional corresponding to this problem to be
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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

extremized is given by
1
I= 0
{−0.5(dy/dx)2 + 400 x2 y}
Find the solution of the problem using Rayleigh-Ritz method
by considering a two term solution as
y(x) = c1 x (1 - x) + c2 x2 ( 1 - x)
Discuss the following methods to solve the given differential
d²y
equation. EI d²x – M(x) = 0
8. 1 U Apr/May 2010
With the boundary conditions y (0) = 0 and y(l) = 0 ; using
a) Variational Method b) Collocation Method
i) Describe the historical background of FEM
9. ii) Explain with relevance of FEA for solving design problems 1 U Nov/Dec 2013
with the aid of examples.
A rod fixed at its ends is subjected to a varying body force as
shown. Use the Rayleigh Ritz technique with an assumed
10. 1 U Nov/Dec 2013
displacement field u = a0 + a1x + a2x2 to determine
displacement u(x) and stress σ (x)
Determine using any weighted residual technique the
temperature distribution along a circular fin of length 6 cm
and radius 1 cm. The fin is attached to a boiler whose wall
temperature is 140oC and the free end is insulated. Assume
convection coefficient h = 10 W/cm2 0C. Conduction
coefficient K=70 W/cm2 0C and T∞ = 400C. The governing
11. 1 U Apr/May 2015
equation for heat transfer through the fin is given by

Assume appropriate boundary conditions and calculate the


temperatures at every 1 cm from the left end.
i) Discuss the importance of FEA in assisting design process.
ii) Solve the ordinary differential equation

12. 1 U Apr/May 2013


Page 4

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Subject to the boundary conditions y(0)=y(1)= 0 using the


Gallerkin method with the trial functions No(x)=0;
N1(x)=x(1-x2) [10 marks]
The differential equation for a phenomenon is given by

13. 1 U Apr/May 2012


The boundary conditions are y(0)=0; y(5)=0
Find the approximate solution using any classical technique.
Start with minimum possible approximate solution
i) list and briefly describe the general steps of finite element
method
ii) Derive an equation to find the displacement at node 2 of
fixed – fixed beam subjected to axial load P at node 2 using
Rayleigh Ritz method. Find out stress at nodal points.
14. 1 U Apr/May 2012

Draw the displacement and stress variation diagram.


The differential equation for a phenomenon is given by

15. 1 U Apr/May 2014


The boundary conditions are y(0)=0; y(1)=0
Find the one term approximate solution using Gallerkin’s
method of weighted residuals.
Determine using any numerical technique, the temperature
distribution along a circular fin of length 8cm and radius
1cm. The fin is attached to a boiler whose wall temperature
16. is 120 °C and the free end is insulated. Assume convection 1 U Nov/Dec 2013
coefficient h=10 W/cm2 °C, Conduction coefficient K= 70
W/cm2 °C and T∞ = 40°C. Calculate the temperatures at
every 1cm from the left end
Page 5

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

UNIT II – ONE-DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS

Part A

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


1. Define body force (f). 2 R
2. What are the factors which govern the selection of nodes? 2 R Nov/Dec 2012
3. Define shape function. 2 R Nov/Dec 2011
4. List the characteristics of shape function 2 R Apr/May 2010
Why polynomial term preferred for shape functions in finite
5. 2 U Apr/May 2011
element method?
What is the need for coordinate transformation in solving truss
6. 2 R Nov/Dec 2013
problems?
7. What are the types of Non-linearity 2 R Apr/May 2012
8. State the properties of a stiffness matrix 2 R Nov/Dec 2013
Nov/Dec 2011
9. What is natural co-ordinates? 2 R
Write down the expression of stiffness matrix for one dimensional
10. 2 R
bar element.
Write down the expression of shape function N and displacement
11. 2 R
u for one dimensional bar element.
12. Distinguish between 1 D bar element and 1D beam element 2 R Nov/Dec 2009
13. Write down the expression of stiffness matrix for a truss element. 2 R
14. State the assumptions made while finding the forces in a truss. 2 R
15. Derive the convection matrix for a 1D linear bar element 2 U Apr/May 2015
Write down the conduction matrix for a three noded linear
16. 2 R Apr/May 2015
triangular element
17. Derive the mass matrix for a 1 D linear bar element. 2 U Apr/May 2015
Write down the governing equation and for 1 D longitudinal
18. vibration of a bar fixed at one end and give the boundary 2 R Apr/May 2015
conditions
19. Define Damping ratio. 2 R
20. Define magnification factor. 2 R
Write down the expression of longitudinal vibration of bar
21. 2 R
element.
Write down the expression of governing equation for free axial
22. 2 R
vibration of rod.
Page 6

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

What are the methods used for solving transient vibration


23. 2 R
problems?
24. Define dynamic analysis. 2 R Apr/May 2014
25. Define lumped and consistent mass matrix. 2 R

Part B

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


For a tapered plate of uniform thickness t=10mm as shown in fig.
Find the displacements at the nodes by forming into two element
model. The bar has mass density ρ = 7800kg/m3, young’s
modulus, E=2x105MN/m2. In addition to self-weight, the plate is
subjected to a point load p=10kN at its centre. Also determine the
reaction force at the support.
1. 2 U

Consider a bar shown in shown fig. An axial load of 200kN is


applied at point p. Take A1=2400 mm², E1=70x109N/m2, A2=600
mm², E2=200x109N/m2. Calculate the following: (a) The nodal
displacement as point p. (b) Stress in each material. (c) Reaction
2. force. 2 U

Determine the nodal displacements, element stresses and support


reactions for the stepped bar loaded as shown in Fig., P1= 100 kN
and P2=75 kN. The details of each section of the bar are tabulated
3. below: 2 U Nov/Dec 2013
Portion Material E (GPa) Area (mm2)
A Steel 200 1200
B Aluminium 70 800
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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Determine the nodal displacements, stress and strain for the bar
shown in Fig.,

4. 2 U Nov/Dec 2014

The structure shown in fig (i). is subjected to an increase in


temperature of 80°C. Determine the displacements, stresses and
support reactions. Assume the following data:

5. 2 U

For the beam and loading shown in fig. Calculate the rotations at
B and C.E=210GPa, I=6x106mm4.

6. 2 U

Determine the maximum deflection and the slope in the beam,


7. 2 U Apr/May 2015
loaded as shown in Fig., Determine also the reactions at the
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

supports. E = 200 GPa, I = 20 x 10-6 m4, q = 5 kN/m and L = 1m

Derive the stiffness matrix for a beam element from the


8. 2 U Nov/Dec 2011
fundaments. (AU Nov 2011)
Derive using Lagrangian Polynomials the shape functions for a
9. one dimensional three noded bar element. Plot the variation of the 2 U Apr/May 2015
same. Hence derive the stiffness matrix and load vector

Fig shows the pin-jointed configuration. Determine the nodal


displacements and stresses in each elements

10. 2 U Apr/May 2013

Determine the deflection and slope in the beam, loaded as shown


in Fig., at the mid-span and at the tip. Determine also the reactions
at the fixed end. E1 = 200 GPa. E2 = 85GPa, I = 20 x 10-6 m4

11. 2 U

For the plane truss shown in fig. determine the horizontal and
vertical displacements of nodal and the stresses in each element.
All elements have E=201GPa and A=4x10-4 m2

12. 2 U Nov/Dec 2013


Page 9

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Consider a two-bar truss supported by a spring shown in Fig.,


Both bars having E = 210 GPa and A = 5.0 x 10-4 m2. Bar one has a
length of 5 m and bar two has a length of 10 m. The spring
stiffness is k = 2 kN/m. Determine the horizontal and vertical
displacements at the joint 1 and stresses in each bar
13. 2 U Nov/Dec 2009

Find the natural frequency of longitudinal vibration of the


unconstrained stepped bar as shown in fig.

14. 2 U Nov/Dec 2006

For the one-dimensional bar shown in fig. determine the natural


frequencies of longitudinal vibration using two elements of equal
length. Take E = 2x105 N/mm2, ρ = 0.8x10-4N/mm3, and

15. L=400mm. 2 U

Determine the eigen values and natural frequencies of a system


whose stiffness and mass matrices are given below. Apr/May 2014
16. 2 U
Apr/May 2008

Derive the equation of motion based on weak formulation for a


17. 2 U Apr/May 2014
transverse vibration of a beam
Derive a finite element equation for one dimensional heat
18. 2 U Apr/May 2014
conduction with free end convection
Derive the stiffness matrix and load vectors for fluid mechanics in
19. 2 U Apr/May 2014
two dimensional finite element
2 U
Page 10

20. A Composite wall consists of three materials as shown in fig., The Apr/May 2015

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

inside wall temperature is 200°C and the outside air temperature


is 50°C with a convection coefficient of 10 W/cm2 °C. Determine
the temperature along the composite wall

A circular fin of 40 mm diameter is fixed to a base maintained at


50˚C as shown in figure. The fin is insulated on the surface
expected the end face which is exposed to air at 25 ˚C. The length
of the pin is 1000 mm, the fin is made of metal with thermal
conductivity of 37 W/m K. If the convection heat coefficient with
air is 15 W/m2 K. Find the temperature distribution at 250, 500,
21. 2 U Apr/May 2012
750 and 1000 mm from the base

i) Derive the shape function for the one dimensional quadratic


element in Natural coordinates [8]
22. 2 U Nov/Dec 2012
ii) Derive the stiffness matrix for heat transfer using shape
functions for a four noded quadrilateral element
Determine the temperature distribution in one dimensional
rectangular cross section as shown in fig. The fin has rectangular
cross section and is 8 cm long wide and 1cm thick. Assume that
convection heat loss occurs from the end of the fin. Take K = 3
23. 2 U Apr/May 2011
W/cm˚ C, h=3 W/cm2˚C, T=20˚C
Page 11

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

UNIT III - TWO DIMENSIONAL SCALAR VARIABLE PROBLEMS

Part A

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


1. How do you define a two dimensional elements? 3 R Apr/May 2014
Write down the shape function for 4 noded rectangular element
2. 3 R
using natural coordinates system
3. What is QST (Quadratic strain Triangular) element? 3 R Apr/May 2014
Write down the shape functions associated with the three noded
4. 3 R Apr/May 2015
linear triangular element and plot the variation of the same
Write down the nodal displacement equations for a two
5. 3 R Apr/May 2010
dimensional triangular elasticity element
6. What is meant by plane stress analysis? 3 R
Give at least one example each for plane stress and plane strain
7. 3 U Apr/May 2015
analysis
List the importance of two dimensional plane stress and plane
8. 3 U Apr/May 2012
strain analysis

9. Distinguish between plane stress and plane strain problems 3 R Apr/May 2009
Apr/May 2013
10. Why a CST element So called? 3 U Nov/Dec 2014
11. Distinguish between CST and LST elements 3 U Apr/May 2013
Specify the strain displacement matrix of CST element and
12. 3 R Nov/Dec 2013
comment on it

13. What are called higher order element? 3 R Apr/May 2008


Nov/Dec 2008
Write down the governing equation for Two dimensional steady
14. 3 R Apr/May 2014
state heat conduction

Part B
Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year
Determine three points on the 50°C contour line for the
rectangular element shown in figure. The nodal values are Φi
=42° C, Φj = 54°C, Φk=56°C and Φm = 46°C

1. 3 U Apr/May 2010
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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Find the temperature at a point P (2,1.5) inside the


triangular elements with the nodal temperatures given as
2. 3 U Nov/Dec 2012
Ti=40°C, Tj=44°C and Tk=46°C. The nodal coordinates are i (0,0),
j(4,0.5) and k(3,6)
A bilinear rectangular element has the coordinates as shown in
Fig., and the nodal temperatures are T1 = 100° C, T2= 60°C,
T3=50°C and T4=90°C. Compute the temperature at the point
whose coordinates are (2.5, 2.5). Also determine the 80°C
isotherm.

3. 3 U Apr/May 2015

Derive the strain-displacement matrix for constant strain


4. 3 U
triangular element.
Determine the shape functions for a constant triangular (CST)
5. 3 U Apr/May 2014
element in terms of natural co-ordinate system
Determine the shape functions N1,N2 and N3 at the interior point
p for the triangular element show in the figure

6. 3 U Apr/May 2014

Evaluate the element stiffness matrix for the triangular element


shown in fig., under plane stress conditions. Take E = 2e5
N/mm², µ = 0.3 and t = 10mm.
7. 3 U Nov/Dec 2010

Calculate the element stress σx, σy, τxy σ1 and σ2 and the
8. 3 U
Page 13

Apr/May 2009
principle angle θp for the element shown in figure. The nodal
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering
ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

displacement are u1 = 2mm, u2 = 0.5mm, u3 = 3mm and v1 =


1mm, v2 = 0, v3 = 1mm. Let E = 210 GPa, µ = 0.25. Assume
plane stress condition.

For the plane stress element shown in fig, the nodal


displacements are given as; u1=0.005mm, u2=0.002mm,
u3=0.0mm, u4=0.0mm and u5=0.004mm, u6=0.0mm. Determine
the element stresses. Take E = 200 Gpa and γ=0.3.Use unit
thickness for the plane strain

9. 3 U Apr/May 2010

Calculate the displacement and stress in the given triangular


plate, fixed along one edge and subjected to concentrated load at
its free end, Take E=70Gpa, thickness of the plate = 10 mm and
Poisson’s ration = 0.3

10. 3 U Apr/May 2012

For the plane strain elements shown in fig, the nodal


displacements are given as u1=0.005mm, v1=0.002mm,
u2=0.0,v2=0.0,u3=0.005mm and v3=0.30mm. Determine the
11. 3 U Apr/May 2012
element stresses and the principle angle. Take E = 70 Gpa and
poisson’s ratio =0.3 and use unit thickness for plane strain. All
the coordinates are in mm.
Page 14

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Determine the element stiffness matrix and the thermal load


vector for the plane stress element shown in fig. The element
experiences 20°C increase in temperature. Take E = 15e6 N/cm2,
γ=0.25, t=0.5 cm and α=6 e-6/°C

12. 3 U Apr/May 2010

Triangular elements are used for the stress analysis of plate


subjected to inplane loads. The (x,y) coordinates of nodes i,j and
k of an element are given by (2,3), (4,1) and (4,5) mm
respectively. The nodal displacements are given as
13. 3 U Apr/May 2013
u1=2.0mm, u2=0.5mm, u3=3.0mm
v1=1.0mm, v2=0.0mm, v3=0.5mm
Determine element stresses, Let E = 160Gpa, Poisson’s ratio =
0.25 and thickness of the element t=10mm.
a) The (x,y) co-ordinates i,j and k of a triangular element are
given by (0,0),(3,0) and (1.5,4) mm respectively. Evaluate
the shape functions N1,N2 and N3 at an interior point P
14. 3 U Apr/May 2009
(2,2.5)mm for the element [4]
b) For the same triangular element, obtain the strain-
displacement relation matrix B [12]
For the two-dimensional loaded plate shown in fig., determine
the nodal displacements and element stress using plane strain
15. 3 U Apr/May 2011
condition considering the body force. Take E as 200 Gpa,
poisson’s ratio as 0.3 and density as 7800 kg/m3(AU April 2011)
Page 15

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Consider the triangular element shown in fig. The element is


extracted from a thin plate of thickness 0.5 cm. The material is
hot rolled low carbon stell. The nodal co-ordinates are xi = 0; yi =
0, xj = 0, yj = -1, xk = 2 and yk= -1 cm. Determine the element
stiffness matrix. Assuming plane stress analysis. Take 0.3 and E =
2.1 x 107 N/cm2 (AU May 2012)

16. 3 U Apr/May 2012

Derive the characteristic matrix for a two dimensional heat


17. conduction problem using triangular element by galerkin’s 3 U Nov/Dec 2013
approach
Consider a rectangular plate of length 3500 mm and width 2500
mm having a thickness of 300 mm. It is subjected to a uniform
heat source of 200 W/m3 acting over the whole body. The
18. temperature of the top side of the body is maintained at 130˚C. 3 U Nov/Dec 2013
The body is insulated on the other edges. Take the thermal
conductivity of the materials as 35 W/m˚C. Determine the
temperature distribution using triangular elements.
A two dimensional fin is subjected to heat transfer by conduction
and convection. It is discretised as shown in fig., in to two
19. elements using linear triangular elements. Derive the conduction 3 U Apr/May 2015
and thermal load vector. How is convection accounted for in
solving the problem using finite element method? (AU Apr 2015)
Page 16

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Determine the element matrices and vectors for the LST element
shown in fig. The nodal coordinates are i (1,1), j(5,2) and k(3,5).
Convection takes place along the edge jk. (AU May 2013)

20. 3 U Apr/May 2013

UNIT IV – TWO DIMENSIONAL VECTOR VARIABLE PROBLEMS

Part A

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


What are the differences between 2 dimensional scalar
1. 4 R Apr/May 2009
variable and vector variable elements?
Write down the displacement equation for an axisymmetric
2. 4 R
triangular element.
Give the strain displacement matrix equation for an
3. 4 R
axisymmetric triangular element.
Write the stress-strain relationship matrix equation for an
4. 4 R
axisymmetric triangular element.
List the required conditions for a problem assumed to be
5. 4 U Apr/May 2015
axisymmetric.
Apr/May 2012
Give four examples of practical applications of axisymmetric
6. 4 U Apr/May 2013
elements
Apr/May 2011
7. Sketch a finite element model for a long cylinder subjected to 4 U Nov/Dec 2013
Page 17

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

an internal pressure using axisymmetric elements


8. What is meant by axi-symmetric element? 4 R Nov/Dec 2007
List out the various 2-dimesional Finite elements that are
9. 4 U Nov/Dec 2012
generally used for 2-Dimensional vector variable problems.
10. Name any two problems related to axisymmetric case. 4 U Nov/Dec 2012
Write the material stiffness matrix for (i) plane stress (ii)
11. 4 R Nov/Dec 2011
plane strain 2D structural problems.
With suitable examples and the governing equations
12. 4 U Nov/Dec 2013
distinguish between vector and scalar variable problems.

Part B

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


For the axisymmetric elements shown in fig., determine the
element stresses and stiffness matrix. Let E =210 GPa and µ
= 0.25. The co-ordinates all are in millimetres. The nodal
displacement are u1 = 0.05mm, u2 = 0.02mm, u3 = 0mm and
w1 = 0.03mm, w2 = 0.02, w3 = 0mm.
1. 4 U Apr/May 2009

a) What are the non-zero strain and stress components of


axisymmetric element? Explain [4]
2. 4 U Apr/May 2013
b) Derive the stiffness matrix of an axisymmeric element
using potential approach [12]
3. Derive constitutive matrix for axisymmetric analysis 4 U Nov/Dec 2012
Establish the traction force vector and estimate the nodal
forces corresponding to a uniform radial pressure of 7 bar
4. 4 U Apr/May 2012
acting on an axisymmetric element as shown in figure. Take
E = 200 GPa and Poisson’s ratio = 0.25
Page 18

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ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

The (x,y) co-ordinates of nodes i,j and k of an axisymmetric


triangular element are given by (3,4),(6,5) and (5,8) cm
5. respectively. The element displacement (in cm) vector is 4 U Apr/May 2009
given as q= [0.002, 0.001, 0.004, -0.003, 0.007]T. Determine
the element strains.
i) For the member shown, typical element has coordinates as
shown in Fig. E = 210 GPa and µ=0.3
1) If the member is subjected to internal pressure how
will you analyse the problem? (3marks)
2) Determine the strain displacement relations and the
strain displacement matrix. (5marks)
3) How will you solve for stresses in this member?
(3 marks)

6. 4 U Apr/May 2014

ii) Explain how you will go about analyzing the stresses in a


solid flywheel. How will you model the same and what
elements would you choose? (5 marks)
A circular aluminium rod is having a length of 700 cm. The
area of cross section is 60 cm2. The bar is subjected to an
7. axial compressive load of 50 kN at the fixed end. Calculate 4 U Nov/Dec 2012
the maximum displacement and stress developed in the bar.
Page 19

Solve using two dimensional coordinates

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Establish the shape functions and derive the strain


8. 4 U Nov/Dec 2012
displacement matrix for an axisymmetric triangular element.
Calculate the element stiffness matrix and the thermal force
vector for the axisymmetric triangular element.
r1 = 6, z1=7, r2 = 8, z2=7, r3 = 9, z3=10
9. 4 U
The element experiences a 150C increase in temperature.
The coordinates are in mm.
Take α = 10 x 10-6/oC ; E = 210 GPa; µ=0.25
The nodal coordinate for an axisymmetric triangular
element are given below
10. 4 U
r1 = 20, z1=40, r2 = 40, z2=40, r3 = 30, z3=60
Evaluate [B] matrix and [K] Matrix for that element.

UNIT V - ISOPARAMETRIC FORMULATION

Part A

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


1. What do you mean by isoparamertic formulation? 5 R Nov/Dec 2007
2. Define Isoparametric elements. 5 R Nov/Dec 2008
State the basic laws on which isoparametric concept is
3. 5 R Apr/May 2008
developed.
Write the natural co-ordinates for the point P of the
4. 5 R Nov/Dec 2008
triangular element. The point P is the C.G of the triangle.
Define superparmetric element. Give an example. 5 R& Apr/May 2009
5.
U Nov/Dec 2013
Write down the gauss Intergration formula for triangular
6. 5 R Apr/May 2009
domains.
7. When are isoparametric elements used? 5 U Apr/May 2013
8. Name a few FEA Packages. 6 U Nov/Dec 2014
Write the shape function for the 1D quadratic isoparametric
9. 5 R Nov/Dec 2014
element
Write the shape function for the 4 noded and 8 noded
10. 5 R Nov/Dec 2013
isoparametric element

11. What are force vectors? Give an example 5 R Apr/May 2013


What is post processing? Give an example
12. 6 R Apr/May 2013
List the two advantages of post processing.

13. What is the salient feature of the isoparametric element? 5 U Apr/May 2012
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14. When do we resort 1D quadratic spar element? 5 U Apr/May 2012

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Write down Jacobian matrix for 4 noded quadrilateral


15. 5 R
elements.
Write down stiffness matrix equation for 4 noded
16. 5 R
isoparametric quadrilateral elements.

17. Define sub parametric element. 5 R


18. Is beam element an Isoparametric element? 5 U
What is the difference between natural coordinate and
19. 5 R
simple natural coordinate?
With suitable examples explain what are serendipity
20. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013
elements are?
Derive the shape functions for linear isoparametric
21. 5 R Nov/Dec 2013
triangular element and plot the variation of the same.
Name the important load boundary conditions to be defined

22. in any commercial FEA preprocessor for the case of 6 U Nov/Dec 2012
structural problems.
Obtain the value of integral using Gauss two point
integration scheme u1,2 = ±0.57735, W 1, 2 =1
23. 5 U Nov/Dec 2011

Part B

Q.No Questions CO# BT AU Month/Year


Establish the strain displacement matrix for the linear
quadrilateral element as shown in figure at gauss point r =
0.57735 and s = - 0.57735

1. 5 U Nov/Dec 2007

Derive the element stiffness matrix for a linear Nov/Dec 2007


2. 5 U
isoparametric quadrilateral element. Apr/May 2008
Integrate
3. 5 U Apr/May 2008
Page 21

F(x)=10+(20x)-(3x2/10)+(4x3/100)-(-5x4/1000)+(6x5/10000)

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

between 8 and 12. Use Gauss quadrature rule.


Write short notes on
a) Uniqueness of mapping of isoparametric elements [6]
4. 5 U Nov/Dec 2008
b) Jacobian Matrix [5]
c) Gauss Quadrature integration technique[5]
i)Use gauss quadrature rule (n=2) to numerically integrate

5. 5 U Nov/Dec 2008
[10]
ii) Using natural coordinate derive the shape function for a
linear quadrilateral element [6]
For a triangular element shown in figure, compute the
stiffness matrix by using isoparamteric formulation and
numerical integration with one point quadrature rule.
E = 2x103 kN/cm2, µ=0.3
6. 5 U Apr/May 2009

Evaluate the following integral using two point gauss


quadrature

7. 5 U Apr/May 2009

The integral f(x) = cos x / (1-x2) dx between the limits -1 and


8. 5 U Apr/May 2010
+1 by using 3 point Gaussian quadrature.
i) The Cartesian (global) coordinates of the corner nodes of a
quadrilateral element are given by (0,-1), (-2,3), (2,4) and
(5,3). Find the coordinate transformation between the global

9. and local (natural) coordinates. Using this, determine the 5 U Nov/Dec 2008
Cartesian coordinates of the point defined by (r,s) = (0.5,0.5)
in the global coordinate system. [8]
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ii) Evaluate the integral and compare with exact solution [8]

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

i) The Cartesian (global) coordinates of the corner nodes of a


quadrilateral element are given by (1,0), (2,0), (2.5,1.5) and

10. (1.5,1).Find its Jacobian matrix [12] 5 U Nov/Dec 2009


ii) Distinguish between subparametric and superparametric
elements [4]
Use Gaussian quadrature to obtain an exact value of the
intergral
11. 5 U Apr/May 2010

For the four noded element shown in figure. determine the


Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point (1/2,1/3)

12. 5 U Apr/May 2015

i) What are natural coordinates? What are the advantages of


the same? (3 marks)
ii) Explain with suitable examples why we resort to
isoparametric transformation. Differentiate between
isoparametric, sub parametric and super parametric
elements. (5 marks)
iii) For the four noded element shown in figure determine
13. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013
the Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point (1/2, 1/3).
(8marks)
Page 23

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

i) Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral


using 1 2 and 3 point Integration. Compare with exact
solution.(8 marks)

14. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013

ii) Evaluate the shape functions for a corner node and mid
side node of a quadratic triangular serendipity element and
plot its variation. (8 marks)
Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral
using 1 2 and 3 point Integration. Compare with exact
solution.(8 marks)
15. 5 U Nov/Dec 2013

i) Derive the jacobian matrix for triangular element with the


(x,y) coordinates of the nodes are (1.5,2), (7,3.5) and (4,7) at
nodes i, j, k.

16. ii) Find the jacobian transformation for four noded 5 U Nov/Dec 2014
quadrilateral element with the (x,y) coordinates of the nodes
are (0,0), (2,0), (2,1), (0,1) at nodes i, j, k, l. Also find the
jacobian at point whose natural coordinates are (0,0)
i) Consider the four noded isoparametric quadrilateral
element with the (x,y) coordinates of the nodes are (5,5),
(11,7), (12,15), (4,10). Compute the jacobian matrix and its
determinant at the element centroid. (10)
ii) Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral
17. 5 U Apr/May 2013
using 2 point Integration. Compare with exact solution.
(6 marks)

The nodal displacements of a rectangular element having

18. nodal coordinates (0,0), (4,0), (4,2), (0,2) are u1 = 0mm, v1 = 5 U Apr/May 2013
Page 24

0mm, u2 = 0.1mm, v2 = 0.05 mm, u3 = 0.05 mm, v3 = -0.05


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering
ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

mm, u4 = v4=0 mm. Determine the stress matrix at r = 0, s = 0


using the isoparametric formulation. Take E = 210 GPa,
poisson’s ratio = 0.25
Evaluate the integrals using appropriate Guassian
quadrature.

19. 5 U Apr/May 2012

Derive the element characteristics of a four noded


20. 5 U Apr/May 2012
quadrilateral element.
Define the following terms with suitable examples.
a) Plane stress and plane strain

21. b) Node, element and shape function 5 U Apr/May 2010


c) Iso-parametric element
d) Axisymmetric analysis
Explain the concept of iso-parametric element formation in

22. finite element analysis and hence derive the stiffness matrix 5 U Nov/Dec 2012
of a 1D iso-parametric bar element.
Write short notes on:
(i) Serendipity elements
(ii) FE Solution methodology for dynamic problems
23. 5 U Nov/Dec 2012
(iii) Material stiffness (constitutive) matrix for plane stress
and axisymmetric problems
(iv) Numerical integration by Gauss Quadrature
i) Using Gauss Quadrature evaluate the following integral
(8 marks)

24. 5 U Apr/May 2014

ii) Evaluate the shape functions for a corner node and mid
side node of a quadratic quadrilateral serendipity element
and plot its variation.

25. i) Why do we resort to natural coordinate, transformation? 5 U Apr/May 2014


Page 25

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering


ME6603 FEA : Question Bank

Differentiate between subparametric, isoparametric and


superparametric elements. State when you would use' each
of these elements. (8 marks)
ii). For the four noded element shown in fig. Determine the
Jacobian and evaluate its value at the point
(-1/1.732, -1/1.732). Comment on the value that you obtain.
(8marks)

Establish the shape functions of a eight noded quadrilateral


26. 5 U Apr/May 2011
element and represent them graphically.
A four node quadrilateral element is defined by nodal
coordinates in mm as 1(3,8), 2(10,5), 3(12,18) and 4( 5,16).
The nodal displacement vector is given by

27. q=[0,0,2,2,1.6,1.2,0,0.6]T. Evaluate the stress at the point 5 U Nov/Dec 2013


P(7,12) of the element, assuming plane stress condition.
Take youngs modulus and poisson’s ratio as 30 x 106 N/m2
and 0.3
A four noded rectangular element is shown in fig. Determine
the following:
i) Jacobian matrix
ii) Strain displacement matrix
iii) Element Stresses
Take E = 2 x 105 N/mm2, µ = 0.25
28. 5 U Apr/May 2012
u=[0,0,0.003,0.004,0.006,0.004,0,0]T Ɛ=0, ƞ=0.
Assuming Plane stress condition
Page 26

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Eshwar College of Engineering