1 fll one's shoes to assume one's position or duties make the 2 to use to the greatest advantage most of necessary

something that causes harm, misfortune, or destruction but 3 evil unavoidable by prior conditions or circumstances 4 just like that in a easy manner the blind 5 leading the very dangerous blind a labor of 6 a job that people do without expecting a reward love don't mind if 7 positive answer when invited someting to eat or drink I do get to first 8 to success base 9 in the market interested in buying only a matter thee is the prospects that something happens in the near 10 of time future do oneself 11 show oneself at one's best justice lacking physical cordination, skill, or grace; clumsy, 12 all thumbs awkward along the 13 in every place same line get mixed up 14 to involve or implicate with lend (give) an 15 to pay close attention; listen attentively ear 16 hold up to obstruct or delay 17 miss much to fail lead 0 up the 18 to cause to believe what is not true; deceive; mislead garden path 19 pick a fight to show hostility ant try to start fighting make a 20 mountain out to exaggerate a minor problem of a molehill 21 the other day some days ago; a few days ago 22 pass away to pass out of existence; to die

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

break one's heart free with before one knows it point out keep at the chance of a lifetime in one's place in person part with 0 be mixed up get one's point across to 0 talk back at liberty walk off (away) with take up any number of 0 make up make up

to disappoint or dispirit someone severely Generously without knowing it, stealthily to indicate to persevere in work or an action the supreme chance in life instead of in one's physical presence; personaly to give up or let go of; relinquish confuse about to make someone understand to make an impertinent or insolent reply not employed, occupied, or in use to steal to use up, consume, or occupy so many times to resolve a qurrel to devise as a fiction or falsehood
Saint Valentine's Day Legends

Excercise 2 idioms are from
in other words set aside in order to set apart do away with to put it another way

to separate and reserve for a special purpose for the purpose of to make noticeable to make an end of; eliminate

draw to prolong; protract out pair to become a pair with off take to be carried out place

Excercise 3
strong tea cosmetic surgery riding boots blue in the face red in the face clear agreement you don't say 'thick tea' nor 'powerful tea' 美容整形

Angry Embarrassed

strong tea( you don't say 'thick tea' nor 'powerful tea' give orders, undo a rope, fill a role, run a risk, this building is three stories high (X tall), ---------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ----------

Best in Show
(Comedy) ( 2000) © 2000 by Raymond Weschler

Major Characters
Gerry Fleck.....................Eugene Levy A middle aged salesman from Fern City, Florida who has two left feet (literally!) and is obsessed with his dog Winky, a tiny Norwhich Terrier. Cookie Fleck....................Catherine O’ Hara

Gerry’s loyal wife who apparently slept with hundreds of men before she met and married Gerry. Hamilton Swan...................Michael Hitchcock A deeply shallow and easily angered Illinois lawyer who loves discussing products such as coffee and the J. Bean shopping catalog. Meg Swan.........................Parker Posey Hamilton’s sexy but completely neurotic wife who is obsessed with making sure their dog, Beatrice, wins the Mayflower Dog show. Sherri...........................Jennifer Coolidge A young lesbian woman who is married to a man 50 years older than she is, who owns a ridiculous poodle named Rhapsody in White. Christy...........................Jane Lynch Sherri’s lesbian partner who is Rhapsody’s trainer and who is determined to make sure she wins the show for the 3rd year in a row. Scott.............................John Michael Higgins A divorced professional dog handler who lives in New York. Stefan............................Michael McKean Scott’s gay partner who owns a hair salon and who is obsessed with all things sexual, and with their Shi Tzu dog, Miss Agnes. Harlan Pepper.....................Christopher Guest A gentle bachelor from Pine Nut, North Carolina, who owns a fishing shop and a bloodhound dog, Hubert. Buck Laughlin.....................Fred Willard The loveable but stupid commentator who knows little about dogs or anything else, but is host of the TV show that covers the dog show.

Plot Summary
This film is a "mocumentary," or a satire of a documentary, about the various people who come from far away places to enter their dogs in the Mayflower Kennel and Dog Show in Philadelphia. They include four couples, all of them a little bit crazy, and a bachelor, Harlan Pepper, who is the owner of a small fishing shop, and perhaps the most normal of the group. The others include Gerry and Cookie Fleck, a middle aged couple from Florida, Hamilton and Meg, young professional lawyers who are superficial, sex obsessed and bizarre, Scott and Stefan, gay partners from New York, and Sherri and Christy, a lesbian couple (although Sherri is officially married to a man triple her age).

All of these dog lovers live completely different lives in completely different places, and many reflect the American subcultures from which they come (for example, Scott and Stefan are liberated gay New Yorkers, while Harlan is from a small conservative town in North Carolina). Yet all of them are part of another subculture, the odd world of professional dog shows, in which dog owners make themselves and their dogs miserable in hopes that they will be named the "Best in Show" (which is to say the most beautiful, well trained and wonderful dog in the competition). And thus while this film is basically about a bunch of people who come to see if their dogs can win the dog show, it is ultimately about the fact that while Americans think they are normal, they are in fact among the strangest people on earth…. The owners, the name of their dogs, and the dog breeds: Gerry and Cookie........Winky................Norwhich Terrier Hamilton and Meg........Beatrice.............Weimaraner Scott and Stefan........Miss Agnes...........Shi Tzu Sherri and Christi......Rhapsody in White....Poodle Harlan Pepper...........Hubert...............Bloodhound

Some Words and Expressions that You May not Know
America’s craziest dog owners discuss their greatest canine dreams... Kama Sutra An ancient and famous Indian text on the art of sex. It’s called the Congress of the Cow. A completely ridiculous name for a sexual position that is discussed in the Kama Sutra. Come on, honey, mommy and daddy are over here. The most versatile phrasal verb in English, meaning everything from hurry up and be serious, to, as here, please! Just trot him, straight away and back, please. If a horse "trots," it walks fast, though here it used as a transitive verb meaning to walk the dog. This usage is silly and rare.

Best of breed. Best winners. Best opposite. A "breed" is a particular animal type. For example, different dog breeds include Collies, Poodles and German Shepherds. Not that I didn’t have a reputation myself, because you know I was considered….to be quite the Casanova myself. Casanova was a famous Frenchman known for having hundreds of lovers. I’ve got the two left feet. :: I thought he was kidding! "To kid" about something is to joke about it or not talk about it seriously. They had a nickname for me; They voted to call me loopy because I would walk in little loops. A "Nickname" is an alternative name that people are given. If a person is "loopy", they are considered a bit odd or strange. To walk in "loops" is to walk in circles. Oh man, you’ve got moves better than Winky. Here, "moves" are types of dance steps. Really, what we’re talking about is standards. A "standard" is a particular level of quality or excellence that is established by tradition or rules Very, very specific, rigid, you could say. If something is "rigid," it is inflexible or not likely to change. The breeds do differ in that, but they’re very very strict and very very pure. A "strict" person is demanding and insists on following rules exactly. You’re average tourist, fisherperson. A ridiculously proper or politically correct way to refer to a fisherman. You sell them this...and all those different flies. In the context of a fishing shop, a "fly" is a type of small hook put on the end of fishing poles that is used to attract and hook the fish. We pick out the pattern for you. A key word that refers to a model or form of the way something should be made or designed. The bloodhound, of all the breeds, is just such a noble, loyal, perfect dog. In this context, a "noble" dog is one that has excellent behavior and perhaps even high moral values. If there was some kind of convict loose, God forbid, he’d be the one to find them. A convict is person convicted of a crime who lives in prison. "God forbid" is an interesting way of expressing the desire that it would

be horrible if something happened (In this case, if a convict escaped). We got all fresh cuts today. Top loin, T-bone, blade, tri –tip, chuck. "Fresh cuts" of meat are those that were cut or chopped in the last few hours. The second sentence refers to various types of beef sold at butcher shops. I don’t want to pull the membranes. A "membrane" is a thin soft layer of material that covers various parts of an animal or plant. Get one of those pepperoni sticks; I just want to hold it. A long piece of a type of popular pork that is shaped like a hard penis. I saw Nibs here having his way with a Bozoi. Just totally around that ring like he was born to it, and he was. If you "have your way" with another person, you are able to force them to do whatever you want, or more generally, to dominate them. A "Bozoi" is a type of small dog. The second sentence is Scott’s way of saying that Nibs acted like a natural champion whenever he walked around the ring or stage of the dog show. I’ve never seen anyone as light on his feet. :: Light in his loafers. If a person is "light on their feet," they move quickly and with little effort. "Loafers" are a type of soft shoe that are often worn indoors. He and the Borzoi seemed to have the same prance, like two members of the same body. A "prance" is a way of walking with great spirit or energy. I know a guy who had two members of the same body. :: In your dreams! A silly play on words; A "member" can be either an individual who is part of a particular group, or in some cases, another word for penis. "In your dreams!" is a way of telling a person that what they are hoping for is not realistic. At that time, I was, like, wild man on campus. In this context, a "wild man on campus" is the student who is considered the craziest living on a college campus, often because he is trying to have sex with as many people as possible. Club scene, Mr. club scene here. A slangy way of referring to a person who loves to spend lots of time in night clubs. What a thrill! Really, don’t knock it until you’ve tried it! A "thrill" describes anything that causes a sudden feeling of great excitement." "Don’t knock it " is an excellent colloquial expression which means "don’t criticize it."

We like the same stuff. A critical word that refers to things in general. It’s the All-American love story. Writ large. An old expression which literally means written large, and that generally refers to anything portrayed in a large or dramatic fashion. On the marquee, big letters; "Us." A permanent canopy or sign, often of metal and glass hung over an entrance to a hotel or theatre. I mean, he still pushes all my buttons. If a person "pushes your buttons," they easily irritate or upset you (though if said in a positive tone, it can mean to sexually excite!). We could talk, or not talk forever, and still find things to not talk about. An amazing description of the marriage between two people who have absolutely nothing in common or nothing to say to each other! I like to come up here and enjoy what I call the solitude of what I call a blank canvas. "Solitude" is the state of being alone, usually in peace and quiet. A "blank canvas" is an all white or empty board before a painter begins to put paint on it. This center will be packed with people. And the roar of the crowd, the energy that this building will exude will be phenomenal. If a place is "packed with" people, it is completely filled with them so that there is no empty space left. The "roar" of a crowd is the loud sound of excitement (A lion roars). "To exude" noise or odor is to ooze out or to cause to let flow out slowly. If something is "phenomenal," it is absolutely amazing, incredible or unbelievable. Let’s face it; Some people have a long drive home. "Let’s face it" is a way of saying that you have to accept unpleasant but true facts about a situation. Beatrice made a pee pee on your sheets and a poopie in your slipper. Two children’s words, the first meaning piss or urine, and the second shit or pooh. I was drinking cappuccinos. Then I went to lattes, and then now, a double expresso mocchiano. Italian names for types of coffee that are popular at Starbucks cafes. I’m a big chai-tea-latte soy milk kind of guy. intolerant now. :: You’re lactose-

Chai tea, lattes and soy milk are all trendy drinks served at Starbucks (Note they all function as a long adjective in the sentence above!) And I had my Mac, and then I look over and she’s reading J. Crew. A "Mac" refers to an Apple Macintosh computer, and J. Crew is a well-known brand of clothes sold through a catalog (booklet). That’s so weird, because I was such a huge J. Crew person then, too. "Weird" means bizarre or strange, and "huge" is extremely big (Note in the grammar above, J. Crew functions as an adjective). We’d bring out our L.L. Bean catalog and I’d say "What’s new?" Another brand of clothes sold through a catalog (These clothing catalogs are popular with young professionals with lots of money) You don’t have to deal with people as much. "To deal with" people is to accept, handle or do business with them. The dog isn’t going to talk, but his mind is like a telepathy. "Telepathy" is the act of being able to know what people are thinking even when they are not talking (But note, it is not a count noun!). The judge can pick up on the telepathy...and will sometimes give him the blue ribbon. The blue ribbon is grand prize in the dog show. The tension builds as the owners prepare for the Mayflower Dog Show. What are you going to see when you get to Philly? A short slangy way of referring to the city of Philadelphia. We’re going to see everything. The Liberty Bell. The place where they make the cream cheese. The Liberty Bell is a very famous and historic bell that dates back to the 18th century. "Cream cheese" is a type of food that you spread on toast and muffins, and Philadelphia brand cream cheese is the best known. We’ll cross our fingers for you. If you "cross your fingers," you are hoping that something good will happen or work out well. Jealous?! :: How many years ago did he poke me? "To poke" a person is to gently stab, prod or jab them, often with a finger. Here, though, Cookie is using it as a completely silly verb meaning to have sex with, or more bluntly, to fuck.

I have to say that I wanted the best handler and I get what I want. A dog "handler" is the person that trains them to behave well in the dog shows. It was just a kennel until Sherri Ann and Leslie showed up, and their generosity has turned this humble little kennel... :: It was a shit box. A "kennel" is a house or shelter for dogs or cats. If something is "humble," it is simple and not fancy (If a person is humble, they are modest). If something is a "shit box," it is small, poor, or in horrible shape. Vulgar, but useful. They have turned this place into a cutting edge, state of the art kennel facility, and I’m just so grateful to them. If a business or technology is "cutting edge" or "state of the art," it is considered the most modern or advanced that exists. A "facility" is a building that houses a particular organization such as a school or clinic. We had a little bit of a family dynamic going here and it mirrors what I grew up with. A "family dynamic" is a colloquial way of referring to the tensions and complex relationships that exist within a family. If something "mirrors" a situation, it reflects, shows or reveals it, like a mirror. My father was the taskmaster, the disciplinarian, which is what I do. I’m the mommy slash daddy. A "taskmaster" is a person who assigns tasks, duties or obligations to others, and a "disciplinarian" is a person who makes sure that people act correctly and get done what they need to. In this case, "slash" means and, though it refers to the slanted line in----------> Mommy/Daddy. Mr. Punishment. :: Well, I also reward. But Sheri is responsible for the unconditional love. "Mr. Punishment" refers to a person who punishes or penalizes a person (or dog) for bad behavior. "To reward" a person (or dog) is to give them a gift for good behavior. If love is "unconditional," it is given no matter how badly the person (or dog) receiving it behaves. The decorative abilities. :: Exactly, and the soul, which is what my mother "Decorative" is a rare adjective presentation of a house. A person’s "soul" is that is supposed to live on after they die. the heart did. that refers to decorating, or the the non-physical part of them

Thanks for checking in on the house. "To check in on" a place is to stop inside to verify that it is in good condition or that it is not being harmed or damaged. Bring home the blue ribbon! The first prize in most dog shows. I think I’m all set, fellas. In this context, if a person is "set," they are ready. "Fellas" is another way of saying guys. You go up there and put some hurt on them Yankee dogs. "Yankee" is a widely used word in the Southern states of the US to refer to people from Northern States (The above sentence is very slangy and in fact "put some hurt" is rarely if ever used). Bon Voyage, Hubert. A common French expression used in English to wish a person a happy vacation. You the dog! If you get tired, pull over! A very slangy (and ungrammatical) expression from the 90s was "You the man," meaning approximately, "You are the most important person." The first sentence is a ridiculous variation. "To pull over" a car is to stop it on the side of a road, often after the police force you to! You can call it a little superstition on my part, but I always like to put up the official curtain, so to speak. A "superstition" is a belief in magic, chance or some other unexplained phenomenon with no physical evidence. "So to speak" is a way of ending sentences when you want an alternative to the choice of words you just used. Really spread the arms, guys, so it doesn’t get dirty. "To spread" your arms is to stretch them as far apart as possible. We’ll make sure everyone has the proper armbands since identifying the dog with the handler is very important, of course. "Proper" is a useful adjective meaning appropriate or correct. An "armband" is a cloth band worn around the upper part of the sleeve that is often used to identify a person. All that anxiety and chaos happens behind the curtains. "Anxiety" is an excellent word for tension, great nervousness or stress. "Chaos" is a complete lack of order, or a state of total confusion. You’ve already packed six kimonos.

A type of dress worn in Japan. That used to drive my mother crazy. My Mother used to say "Harlan Pepper, if you don’t stop naming nuts..." "To drive a person crazy" is to make then crazy or insane. Macadamia nut. That’s the one that would send her…going crazy. Red pistachio nut. Two different types of nuts (Harlan is from the city of Pine Nut). What did you do? Did you provoke her? Did you pinch her? "To provoke" a person is to intentionally make them angry, often by saying something offensive. "To pinch" a person is to squeeze a part of their body between your thumb and finger. You just get walking buddy, right now. A common alternative to friend or pal. I’ll file a personal assault charge against you so fast your head will spin. In law, if you file a "personal assault charge" against somebody, you are officially accusing them of having physically attacked or threatened you. "To spin" is to move around in circles (and thus if you’re head is spinning, you are probably completely confused or stunned). Put a muzzle on that thing! A "muzzle" is a device that is put on the mouth of a dog to prevent it from biting (It can also be put on the mouths of certain politicians). Oh my God, what a dump! A widely used colloquial word for an apartment, house or other building that is in extremely poor shape, or perhaps just dirty or filthy. If you live in skid row... The poorest street in many cities, where the homeless often live. I’m getting heart palpitations. "Heart palpitations" are heart beats that are much stronger and quicker than usual, and that can be scary for those people who get them. Jerry, Max is so history! This is a very slangy way to say that the person being discussed is no longer important and was only important in the distant past. He’s a sweet boy. He’s fuzzy. A "fuzzy" dog has lots of fur, usually made of fine particles or fibers.

The dogs and their owners head for Philadelphia, and Gerry and Cookie have a particularly difficult time both getting there and afterward. We feel a lot of excitement when the Mayflower dog show comes through and we see a lot of familiar faces, canine and human alike. If a show "comes through" a town, it takes place there before moving on to other cities (though in this case it actually only happened in Philadelphia). "Canine" is the official adjective that means dog-like. The key to welcoming animals into a hotel is to maintain a certain level of hygiene and that’s what this room is about. "To maintain" is to preserve or keep in an existing state of quality. "Hygiene" is an important word that refers to basic cleanliness. We’re pretty well supplied here for any kind of contingency. If a place is "well supplied," it has plenty of the goods or products it is supposed to have. A "contingency" is any reasonably possible set of events that may happen in the future. This is a good product that doesn’t have a lot of odor, for your small stains, small dogs, Pomeranian, tea-cup poodle, what have you. A "stain" is a soiled, dirty or discolored spot, usually on clothes after you have spilled something on them. "What have you" is a colloquial way of ending a sentence when you want to say "whatever other types I can’t think of now" (The Pomeranian and poodle are dog breeds). Your bigger dog, your great Dane, your bull massif, rottweiler, you need to up the ante a little bit. "To up the ante" is to invest or risk more (It’s an expression that is used in poker, though here it is used to mean invest in more powerful detergents for the type of bigger dogs listed above). For the big critters, the big stains, sometimes you need the nuclear weaponry, the sodium hydrochloride. A "critter" is a funny word for an animal, and "sodium hydrochloride" is apparently a very powerful cleaner that can clean the poop (shit) of the world’s biggest dogs. Roasting a goat in the room, I still to this day don’t understand. "To roast" meat is to cook it slowly over a fire Getting the smell of the cumin and charcoal out of the drapes was a chore on to itself. That was a big deal. "Cumin" is a type of spice and "charcoal" are small pieces of black coal that are used for barbecues. "Drapes" are curtains, a "chore" is a task or small

job that needs to be done. If something is "a big deal," it is either very important, or in this case, the cause of a lot of problems. A Parachuter. :: Don’t call that a doll; It’s an action figure. A "parachute" is a device that allows a person to jump from a plane and float down slowly to the ground. An "action figure" is a masculine expression used by boys who don’t want to admit that they actually own a lot of dolls. You got that right! A very slangy way of saying "I completely agree with you." I’m the chief hostage negotiator for the Akron and tri-county area. The "chief hostage negotiator" for a city is the person responsible for trying to convince kidnappers and terrorists to release or liberate the people that they are holding captive against their will. Akron is a major city in Ohio, and the "tri-country" area refers to the three counties that are in the general Akron area (A County is a the largest political or territorial division within a state). I talk people down. Whenever they’re on a big tall building, they call me. "To talk a person down" is to clam them down, or in this case, to try and prevent them from committing suicide. It’s a little secret from the trade. They all jump. A "trade" is a word that refers to a general profession or area of business (In this case, the community of hostage negotiators). Today we had a tough one. There’s a guy, he jumps. That doesn’t bother me. It happens all the time. If a situation is "tough," it is hard or difficult. He hit a gargoyle on the way down. A fountain or statue on the side of a building that is in the form of a disgusting human face. The head pops off like a grape...and the body spins down like whirligig. If something "pops off," it jumps loose from what was holding it. A "whirligig" is a small child’s toy that spins around in a circle. Everything pops out; It’s like a pinanta. The intestines, like they’re spring-loaded. A "pinanata" is a Spanish word for a toy animal that is filled with candy that children try to break open with a stick at parties. "Intestines" are the guts found in your stomach, and if something is "springloaded," it

is wound tightly on a spring so that when it is released, it pops out or explodes with great force. I forgot to compliment you on your luscious melon breasts tonight. If something is "luscious," it is delicious or even sexually attractive. A "melon" is a type of large delicious fruit. What the hell are you talking about? A common filler added to WH questions to express anger, frustration or other emotion. Please, this is what I do. I’ll gorge your left eye out with my thumb. I shit you not, you freak! I’m going to punch you in the eye ’til it turns to jelly. "To gorge a person’s eye out" is to violently remove it by scraping it out of it’s socket! "I shit you not" is a ridiculous but fun way of saying "I am not lying." A "freak" is a completely strange or abnormal person (either physically or emotionally). Note that "until"----> "’til" in rapid speech. "Jelly" is a soft form of fruit preservative that moves or jiggles easily. Don’t challenge him! :: I’ll stab you with forks ’til you bleed. How about that? In this context, "to challenge" a person is to physically confront them and demand something be done. "How about that?" is a way of asking what a person thinks of something. How about the chubby lady? That’s easier to say. A good alternative to a bit overweight, plump or tubby. The doorman’s approximately cute. :: The Mediterranean type. In this grammatical context, "approximately" is a totally ridiculous way of saying sort of. If a person is a "Mediterranean type," they look like a person from a country by the Mediterranean Sea. I’ll say. You gotta trim their nose hair. "To trim" a person’s hair is to cut just a little bit of it off. (Note that "have got to"-----> "gotta" in rapid speech. We have you down for a queen. :: What are you suggesting? An interesting play on words; A "queen" can refer to the size of a bed (or in a hotel, the rooms that have a queen-sized bed), and it can also be a slang word for a gay man! A lot of them here in the lobby.

A "lobby" is a large entrance area, hallway or waiting room. It’s ShowTime, baby. "ShowTime" is both the time when a show or game begins and a slangy word for any time that contains much excitement in front of an audience. For some people, "baby" is a much used way of addressing certain people. They’re having spring rolls. A popular Asian food that is usually made with vegetables or meat that is put inside circular fried dough. Butch? Isn’t Butch a bitch? A funny play on words; A "bitch" is both a mean or abusive woman, and any female dog! Rhapsody in White. A truly stupid dog name ("Rhapsody" means great emotion). What’s with the little plumber-butt thing happening on the hip? "Plumber-butt" is a silly and rare slang term to refer to those people who wear their pants so low that the crack of their butt shows (Note the use of the word thing, which is common but slangy and silly). These pom poms are keeping Butch’s hips warm from the cold water. "Pom poms" are any colorful or fluffy balls, often used by cheerleaders who cheer on football teams from the side of a field. And the drumette things? :: Those act as flippers. A "drumette" is a small piece of chicken wing, and a "flipper" is a small flat board that is used for swimming (certain fish have flippers). A super drive. Put a few clicks on the old odometer. A "click" is a slight noise, often made by the movement of a mechanical device. An "odometer" is the instrument in a car that says how many miles it has driven. It stayed overcast through Virginia. An important word to describe days when the sky is covered by clouds. Just give it a rub. :: Yeah, check the strip. A "rub" is a gentle stroking or touching, and the "strip" is a long, narrow piece of material (or here, the part of a credit card that gives information to the credit card machine). Yeah, let me give them a ring. A colloquial way of saying to telephone a person. They’re off our backs, but this...

If an organization is "off your back," they are no longer bothering you. She’s not a forgetful person. A good adjective for a person who’s always forgetting important things. That’s bull! A short and less vulgar version of bullshit. Both words mean lies, half-truths or nonsense. You’d be refunded a substantial portion of that on check-out. "To be refunded" money is to be given it back after you’ve already paid it. A "substantial portion" of something is a big percentage or part of it. Butch has a light in her eyes that says it’s ShowTime. This is Christy’s ridiculous way of saying her dog knows when the show is about to begin. This party is our pre-show ritual for the Mayflower. A "ritual" is a ceremony or religious or social observance that has often been done for generations (or at least a long time). We just did the official toast...and when the ice sculpture melts all the way down, the party’s over. A "toast" is an official proposal or drink that is made in honor of a person. An "ice sculpture" is a statue that is made of ice. This year we’re adding a new element to this pre-show ritual---Sheri will do my makeup. In this case, an "element" is an ingredient or feature. "Makeup" is another word for cosmetics (for a person’s face). She’s the epitome of glamour. If a person is the "epitome" of something, they are the perfect example of it. "Glamour" is great beauty, grace and style. We’ll bring in a cot and make it a little comfy for you. A "cot" is a portable bed made of thin fabric placed on a frame. Two flights down...it’s a lobby bathroom. A "flight" of stairs are the steps between two floors. It’s stocked with paper towels and toilet tissue and so forth. "And so forth" is one way of saying "and things like that." You’ll be able to freshen up in there. "To freshen up" means to clean up or wash one’s face. Just say "utility closet"? A "utility closet" is a room, usually in a public building like a school or hotel, that stores cleaning equipment and other types of tools. I’ll alert the staff to your presence here.

"To alert" a person of something is to warn or tell them. The "staff" of a hotel are the people who work there. The charcoal one from Saks. In this case, "charcoal" is a brown color, and Saks is a famous clothing and department store that is much loved by rich people. It’s breathing now, but it will be hot down there. And this Merlot looks good with the gray. If clothes "breath," this means they are airy and comfortable, though this is rarely used. "Merlot" is a type of red color, like red wine. More gouda, honey? A popular type of mild, fatty Dutch cheese. Malcolm, what’s shaking? A ridiculously slangy way to ask a person what’s happening or new. I banged a lot of waitresses in my day, but you were the best by far. A completely ridiculous slang word meaning to have sex with, or more crudely, to fuck. To see Butch here with the crown on. It’s so cute! A "crown" is a band or ornament for the head worn by a king, or any grand prize for being the best at a particular sport or activity. She winked at me! :: You little flirt. "To wink" at a person is to shut one eye briefly as a sign of romantic interest or teasing. A "flirt" is a person who likes to show casual romantic interest in another person, usually in a playful manner. It’s up to her. It’s in her hands. If a job or project is "up to you," or "in your hands," you are the one who is responsible for making sure that it is completed. Some people think if you’re on a small creek, on a small body of water, you have to use a small fly. A "creek" is a small body of water like a stream. In a fishing context, a "fly" is a metal hook used to attract and trap fish, placed at the end of a fishing pole. Many people think you have to go with…maybe an egg-sucking leech, which I’ve never had any luck with myself. A "leech" is a type of blood sucking worm, and apparently one of many types of flys for fishing. Stephan, this is my "euphemism." A "euphemism" is a gentle or polite word used for a more direct word

(such as pass away instead of die, or in the case of gay male couples, partner instead of boyfriend). Six months working with leather and red thread. "Thread" is the thin textile fiber that is used to sew clothes. You must be very proud, Mary. :: Good baby-boomer gag! A "baby-boomer" is an American born between about 1946 and 1964. A "gag" is a joke or funny action ("Proud Mary" is the name of a famous song from the 1960s). Good heavens. :: Mr. hip. "Good heavens" is a gentle way of expressing emotion such as surprise or fear. A "hip" person is fashionable, or more colloquially, cool. Gotcha! A short and common way of saying "I got you." You’re quick enough on the draw. :: I’ll say. If a person is "quick on the draw," they respond very quickly and usually very cleverly to what has just been said. "I’ll say" is a way of saying "I completely agree." Thank you, Mr. handy man. A "handy man" is a person who is skilled at doing lots of practical things, like fixing the plumbing or electricity, or building furniture. Did you eat the pate? Did he go poop? "Pate" is a type of duck liver that is popular in France. "Poop" is a child’s work for shit (when you go to the toilet). The Mayflower Dog Show starts, and Meg and Hamilton faces a horrible crisis as Beatrice loses her toy. Live from the Bayman Center in Philadelphia…. If a TV show is "live," it is being broadcast at the moment it actually happens, and not taped for later. The city of brotherly love is aglow tonight! 3,000 dogs competing for best in show! Philadelphia is known as "the city of brotherly love." If something is "aglow," it is shining or glowing with warmth and excitement. Bushy coats and coats so silky they look like they were spun by a giant spider. If an animal has a "bushy coat," it has a lot of warm fur. If something is "silky," it is smooth and covered with fine soft hairs, like silk. Note that spiders "spin" their webs, and the past tense of this verb is spun.

They come to the Mayflower with their crates, their kibble and their cookies, and most importantly, the will to win that only a fellow dog can appreciate. A "crate" is an open box made with a wood frame, and "kibble" is a type of finely cut grain for animals. "The will" to do something is the desire or determination to do it. As an adjective "fellow" means a companion or member of the same group. A book about basic obedience training for dogs. As you know, I have a franchise of schools around the country. :: So this is right down your alley! In this case, "obedience training" is the act of teaching a dog to obey the commands of their owners. A "franchise" is an individually owned business that has the right to use the name of a larger business (such as McDonalds). If something is "right down your alley," it is something that you know well or have a lot of experience with. It was all going well until they spilled hot candle wax on my private parts. I’m just kidding. "To spill" a liquid is to accidentally let it pour out of a container. "Private parts" are a silly way of referring to a person’s sex organs. She’s Miss America. :: Come on, I’m trying to groom her. "To groom" a dog is to brush and clean it so it looks as good as possible. She’s feeling cuffed. Feeling full of herself. If a person (or dog) feels "cuffed," they feel restrained or held back, but this is rarely used. If a person feels "full of herself," she feels extremely confident, like she’s the best (Dogs probably never really feel this way!). She’s freaking out! "To freak out" is to become extremely nervous or upset. A common, fun and useful phrasal verb. You get the busy bee. I need to trim her whiskers. Here, the "busy bee" is Beatrice’s doll. "To trim" is to cut hair slightly, and "whiskers" are the hairs that grow near the mouths of an animal. God, Hamilton, if she doesn’t got her toy, she’s gonna flip out. An alternative to freak out; To become very nervous or upset.

Don’t look at the fat-ass losers or freaks! Look at me! "Fat-ass" is a cruel and ridiculous adjective. A "freak" is a good word for an extremely strangle looking or unusual person. The first category is the hound group…. The hound group can be divided into two groups---sight and scent. A "category" is a class or division within a larger group. "Scent" is the sense of smell. She is really giving going-over. Are all "Thorough" is a To give a dog a carefully. them a thorough judges that thorough? strong adjective meaning complete or total. "going-over" is to study or look at them very

It’s very important that all attributes are examined. An "attribute" is a feature, quality or characteristic. She’s just checking out the dog’s testicular area to make sure everything’s in tact. "Testicular" is the adjective for testicles, or more colloquially, the dog’s balls. If something is "in tact," it is in good shape and not damaged. I’d hate to go out on a date with Judge Edie Franklin and have her judge me. "To judge" a person is to decide what you think of them. What’s the point of that? What are they looking for? :: For the dog’s gait and movement, to see the small angles. "What’s the point of that?" is a direct way of asking "Why are they doing that?" A dog’s "gait" is the way or style in which it walks. That’s a blood hound, isn’t’ it? :: I think this is a tremendous dog. A powerful adjective meaning excellent or outstanding. I think it may be a tad immature for this year. :: Try to get some play time in. "Tad" is a useful adverb meaning a bit, slight or just. Just an idea off the top of my head; Why didn’t he put on one of those Sherlock Holmes hats and put a pipe in his mouth? If you express an idea "just off the top of your head," it’s an idea you just thought of and haven’t really thought about (The fictional detective Sherlock Holmes is famous for having a blood hound with a hat and pipe, but this is a completely silly thing to say at a dog show). I think it would really get the crowd going. "To get a crowd going" is to get them excited. I’d get a kick out of it. "To get a kick out of" something is to really enjoy it.

On a football team, which would be your wide receiver and which would be your tight end? Two positions in American football, and neither likely to be played by any kind of dog! Is there anything the handler of a dog can do now to sway the judges? "To sway" a judge is to influence them or try and change their opinion. That’s an upset. The rookie came through. In sports, an "upset" is when the player who most thought would lose actually wins. A "rookie" is a person who is playing for the first time. Here, "to come through" is to succeed or achieve what you wanted to. You call yourself a maid! I know people at the INS! The Immigration and Naturalization Service, the federal government department which makes life miserable for many foreigners in the US. They will come in a van and they will pick you up and they will take you back to where you come from! A "van" is a type of large car that has lots of space for transporting lots of people or equipment. You’re too agitated over a dog toy. If a person is "agitated," they are very upset or disturbed. What are you? Are you a wizard?! A genius? A very wise or smart man, who is often skilled in magic. I feel like I can say "why don’t we skip to the chase here, and just give me the cup and I’ll be on my way." "To skip to the chase" is a colloquial way of saying to go directly to the action or event rather than wasting time preparing for it. In this context, a "cup" is the award or prize for having won a contest. There’s so many variables that I just can’t control. A "variable" is anything that is not presently known that may effect something in the future. It was a little over the top. It looked freakish. So I took it off. If something is "over the top," it is considered too extreme or strange. If something is "freakish," it is very bizarre or odd, like a freak. You’re going to have to just let this go, OK? In this case, "to let go" of something is to forget about it or accept it, even if you really don’t want to. It’s time for the toys, and they’re well named. It looks like every one of them could be wound up. In the world of dog shows, "toys" are various types of tiny dogs.

"To wind up" a toy or watch (or dog!) is to turn a device forward that will give it power (the past participle is wound up). It’s wonderful, the character you see in these dogs. Here, "character" is used to mean moral excellence or perhaps honor. They’re crowd pleasers. Anything that is very well liked by an audience. He’s got his hands full. "He has a lot of responsibilities." He slobbers a lot. He’s a slobberpuss. :: He’s gorgeous. If a dog (or person) "slobbers," they let flow a lot of saliva from their mouths (Slobberpuss is a nickname for a dog that slobbers a lot). If a person (or dog) is "gorgeous," they are very beautiful. I’d be hard pressed to pick a favorite in this category. The Shi Tzu is a terrific dog. If you are "hard pressed" to do something, it’s difficult for you to do it. "Terrific" is an excellent alternative adjective to great or fantastic (Shi Tzus are tiny dogs the size of rats, and are certainly not terrific!). You don’t play around with that name. It doesn’t come trippingly off the tongue. If something "comes off the tongue" easily, it is easy to pronounce ("Trippingly," as in to trip, is never really used as an adverb) "Stewardess, can I take a Shi Tzu on my carry on or does it have to be stowed?" A "carry on" piece of luggage is one that you can take on the plane. "To stow" luggage is to store it, usually in a large luggage container. He’s known as a deliberate judge. A rare adjective that means one who thinks slowly and carefully. An interesting side note; He trained to be a priest, was in the seminary. A "side note" is a comment related to a person you’re talking about, but not related to the actual subject (In this case, the dog show). A "seminary" is a school where people learn to become Catholic priests. They are a playful bunch, aren’t they? A good word for a group. No, the pom broke his gait. He might as well have taken a dump. A "pom" is a any type of fluffy ball, and a dog’s "gait" is its way of walking. "To take a dump" is a crude but common way of

saying to poop, shit, go to the toilet, or more clinically, to defecate. I was amazed she finished out of the money. If a dog finishes "out of the money," it was not even in the top three. First in group. Best in show coming up! She’s like group, schmoup, bring on the formal ware. This is Stefan’s ridiculous way of saying the toy group competition is not important compared to the entire show competition (People will often rhyme one real word with a non-existent word to imply the real word is not important (Formal ware refers to expensive clothes). Bath balm. A type of healing ointment or soap that is used to relax. It’s furry, and about this big. It’s a bumble bee with stripes on it. If something is "furry," it has lots of fine hair on it. A "stripe" is a long narrow piece of cloth. It’s about this big and it squeaks in the middle. If a toy "squeaks," it makes a high sound like a bird. The dog will respond to the stripes and it’s reminiscent of a bumble bee. :: That’s a parrot. "Reminiscent" means similar to, or like. A "parrot" is a type of bird that can sometimes talk. Beatrice cracks under the pressure, but Miss Agnes, Winky, Rhapsody in White and Hubert all move on to compete for Best in Show! Could you find a happier, happy-to-know-you kind of attitude? Note the use of "happy-to-know-you" as an adjective, showing that almost any words can be put together in order to become adjectival. They’re very frisky, very playful...and to think in some countries, these dogs are eaten! "Frisky" is an excellent adjective meaning playful.

lively, energetic and

The miniature schnauzer. How do they make them miniature? A tiny type of dog ("Miniature" means very small, or on a small scale, and to "miniaturize" something means to greatly reduce it in size). What the devil is going on? :: It’s breeding. They breed them small. "The devil" is a rare filler to WH questions that expresses emotion such as surprise or frustration ("the hell" is much more common). "To breed" animals

is to arrange for them to reproduce sexually under controlled conditions. Women bathing their dogs with the cutoff jeans and the soap. Let your imagination run wild. "Cutoff jeans" are popular pants that are cut short. The second sentence is a common way of telling a person to imagine all the possibilities. Get the Mayflower Kennel Club behind it and you’ll make a few bucks. If an organizations "gets behind" an idea or proposal, they agree to support it, often by giving money. A "buck" is a very common slang word for a dollar. "Doing it Doggy Style." You come up with that; I’m not the literary guy. "Doggy style" is a sexual position in which a couple have sex the way dogs do. "To come up" with an idea is to make or create it. "Literary" is an adjective that refers to books, articles or other types of writing. It’s a rooster or something. A male adult bird or fowl, found on most farms. Don’t spit at me! :: Don’t yell at me! "To spit" at a person is to hurl saliva from your mouth at them, and "to yell" at a person is to scream at them. I’m just kidding the doctor; He’s not that kind of doctor. Note that a person who has a Ph.D. degree is officially a doctor, though when people think of doctors, they usually think of medical doctors. Mayflower combined with Philadelphia, no-brainer right? An excellent slang expression for an idea that is so obviously correct that you don’t really need to think about it (In reality, the Mayflower was the ship that landed with the pilgrims in 1620 in Massachusetts, nowhere near Philadelphia!) Not so; it turns out that Columbus actually set foot somewhere down in the West Indies. Little known fact. Here, "turns out" means unexpectedly happened (In fact, it is well known Columbus landed in the West Indies, in the Caribbean Sea). How does the name Mayflower get up to the Quaker City? Philadelphia is sometimes known as this because there were many Quakers, who are from a small branch of Christianity that lived there.

These are the sporting dogs. These are the athletes. These are the jocks of the dog world, wouldn’t you say? A "jock" is a common slang word for a good athlete. I’m sorry. We’re dismissing you. "To dismiss" a person (or dog) from a show is to kick them out. I guess she’s giving him the old heave-ho. "To give the old heave-ho" to somebody is to fire them or physically get rid of them ("To heave" is to forcefully throw). Just get away from me, you goddamn asshole! A vulgar insult word like bastard, jerk, son of a bitch, creep, etc. He’s still a champion, even though he’s sent off in disgrace. Like Shoeless Joe Jackson. If a person is "sent off in disgrace," they are told to leave because they have done something that everyone thinks is shameful (Shoeless Joe Jackson is a famous baseball player who was caught trying to fix the 1919 baseball World Series in order to make money on gambling). He’s out of the leagues, but we still talk about him today. A "league" is a group of teams in a sport. I’d like an extra large bucket of popcorn, half butter half salt. A "bucket" is a container for anything from popcorn to nails. I wouldn’t normally just be out here pigging out...but there’s a lot at stake. "To pig out" is a slangy and common way of saying to eat a lot of food. If there is a lot "at stake" in a situation, there is a lot at risk that could be won or lost. My nervousness is rubbing off on Leslie. If an emotion "rubs off" on another person, they start to get it. I feel like I need to really listen to my inner instinct. A person’s instinct is a natural talent, thought process or attitude that they’re born with or that they develop subconsciously from experience (In psychology, some say that you have an inner child). Oh God, look at the Keeshound. Is that hideous? "Hideous" is a powerful adjective meaning disgusting or horrible. She looks like a cocktail waitress on an oil rig. An "oil rig" is the large machine that pumps oil out of the ground. She tries to be so self-possessed, but look at the terror in her face.

If a person is "self-possessed," they are calm and confident. "Terror" is a state of intense fear or panic. A highly respected judge often tends to go on personality. If a judge "tends to go on" personality, they consider it the most important feature (as opposed to, for example, looks or skill). Look at her handler. That is one happy fella! Note that "fella" is a word for guy, not girl. All right, Trevor Beckwith. It all comes down to this. They’re going for all the marbles. The best in show! If a contest "all comes down to this," then the final outcome of the contest will be determined in these next few moments. "To go for all the marbles" is a very slangy way of saying to try and win the entire thing (A marble is a small polished round ball). It’s the bottom of the 9th inning. It’s the goal line stand. In baseball, "the bottom of the 9th inning" is the end of the game, and in American football, a "goal line stand" is a desperate attempt to block the offensive team from scoring just before the goal or end zone. After all the grooming, the petting, the kibbles, the liver snaps. Your opinion, your feedback? "Kibbles" are a type of ground meal for animals, and liver snaps are a type of dog snack flavored like liver. The best of the best. The crème de la crème. A French expression occasionally used in English which means the best of the best (or literally, the cream of the cream). I’m as calm as a cucumber, OK? A strange but still used expression which means very calm. Knock’ em dead! A slangy way to tell a person in a game to go out and do their very best. Oh no, your knee is all messed up. If something is "messed up," it is broken or in poor condition. Can we get a medic? A doctor or any person engaged in medical work. You have a concussion. You’re not making any sense. A hard blow or injury to the brain that can effect thinking abilities. Do you think they know the championship’s on the line? If a championship or prize is "on the line," it is being fought for at that very moment.

Look at that magnificent dog. A powerful adjective meaning excellent or outstanding. The bloodhound...is picking up the track of the pointer. If one dog "picks up the track" of another, it’s smelling where that other dog has been (A pointer is a type of dog). And they’re strutting their stuff, too. If a person (or dog) "struts their stuff," they are walking around in an overly confident manner, showing off their skills or looks. Boy, this is thrilling. The bottom of the 9th and a pinch-hitter comes in. If something’s "thrilling," it’s very exciting. In baseball, a "pinch-hitter" is a player who hits for another, who has been taken out of the game. Am I nuts...or is something wrong with his feet? "Nuts" is a good slang word for crazy or insane. Go get him, pal. Man! "Pal" is another word for friend or buddy, and "man" is often used as a filler word to express excitement or other emotion (All of this is Buck’s way of encouraging Gerry to go out and do his best despite his left feet). Scott is prancing along with that "To prance along" is to walk "outfit" is a set of clothes (for example, for a particular occasion, such as dog, and look at that outfit. with great energy or spirit. An pants and shirt) that are often worn a party.

This may be a little off the path; How much weight do you think I can bench-press? In this case, if something is "off the path," it has nothing to do with what was just being discussed. To "bench-press" is to lift metal weights up above your chest, as an exercise for muscle-building. 315 pounds. I was in top shape. If a person is in "top shape," they are in excellent physical condition. We’re all set to go here. Oh boy, oh boy! If you are "all set to go," you are ready to start. "Oh boy" is a common way of expressing excitement or other emotion. This is like the World Series. You got the best umpires out there. The "World Series" is the championship games of professional baseball. "Umpires" are officials who rule on plays in baseball. Can a dog win it or lose it in this last round, or has

the judge made up his mind? Oh good heavens, no. In a contest or sport, a "round" is a specific division or unit of action. "Good heavens" is an interesting way of expressing surprise. It’s apples and oranges. Different breeds. If two things being compared are "apples and oranges," they are not really comparable because they are completely different types of things. It’s a gut reaction on some level. A "gut reaction" is usually an emotional or intuitive response to something, before the person has time to think about it logically (A person’s "guts" are the intestines in their stomach). "On some level" means in a certain way. These are all superb animals. :: Very subjective, then. If an animal is "superb," it is excellent or outstanding. If a thought is "subjective," it is a personal opinion (rather than an objective fact that all can would agree is true). It’s a very difficult task to pick? A small job or responsibility that needs to be done. Does money ever exchange hands under the table? :: Good lord, no. If something is done "under the table," it is illegal or immoral and done in secret. "Good lord" is a way of expressing surprise or shock. I don’t want you to stick your neck out. If a person "sticks their neck out," they do something that is very risky (in this case, admitting there is cheating at the show). I don’t think I could ever get used to being probed and prodded. If an animal (or person) is "probed and prodded," they are physically examined, usually with fingers or devices that poke, in order to feel all parts of the body. Not pleasant. I told my proctologist once, "Why don’t you take me out to dinner and a movie sometime?" A doctor who treats diseases of the anus (asshole) and colon. Do they all bark the same? :: Different dogs have different intonations and tones. A "bark" is the sound that dogs make. An "intonation" is the manner of speech that suggests emotion, and "tones" are sound qualities that are measured by whether the sound is rising or falling. The countries and the boundaries don’t make any difference? A "boundary" is another word for border.

They don’t do the basic, sit up, roll over, fetch, heel. If a dog "fetches" a paper, it goes and brings it back to its owner. When a dog "heels," it stops and sits. Are you just judging by how well a dog is groomed? "To groom" a dog is to brush and clean it to make it look as pretty as possible. These dogs are pampered and petted and all in top physical condition. "To pamper" an animal (or person) is to spoil them or treat them with excessive care. This is the prime. You won’t see finer specimens than these seven dogs. "Prime" is an official word for best quality. In this case, "fine" means excellent, and a "specimen" is an example of a particular group or division of animals or plants. I wouldn’t want to be in his shoes. A common expression; "I wouldn’t want to be in his situation." Look at the size of that! I’ve taken sponge baths in smaller bowels! A "sponge bath" is a bath taken with a sponge, which is the material often used to clean dishes that absorbs water easily. This really is the defining moment of the competition. The "defining moment" of a show or competition is the most critical or important moment, usually because it leads to the final result. The winners and losers reflect back on the most important event in their very strange and varied lives. We were big! Everything just broke loose like a cannon. In this case, to "break loose" means to happen very quickly, or in a dramatic fashion. A "cannon" is a large heavy gun that fires explosives. Bow-wow. The sound of a barking dog. Does this ring a bell? "I’m not wearing underwear!" If something "rings a bell," it sounds familiar. Bulge?! Get out of town! A completely ridiculous and slangy way to express disbelief or great surprise. You’ve grown! :: I’m growing right now, just looking at you. A silly play on words; Both a person and a penis can grow bigger. That is the one and only time I’ve ever done it in a roller coaster. The scary rides at amusement parks in which carts holding people travel extremely quickly up and down steel tracks.

We didn’t win at Mayflower, which is surreal and extremely disturbing. If something was "surreal," it is so strange that it doesn’t seem like it really happened. If something is "disturbing," it is upsetting. It was devastating. But the silver lining of this cloud, of course, is that it brought us to a new level in our relationship. "Devastating" is a powerful adjective that means completely destructive or causing total chaos or harm. "The silver lining of a cloud" refers to the good that could result from something that at first appears all negative. If a relationship reaches "a new level," it probably means the couple have become closer or more intimate. American Bitch: The dog magazine for lesbians and their dogs. Remember, a "bitch" is both a vulgar word for a mean or abusive woman and any female dog. Regardless, this is a truly stupid name for a magazine. A "lesbian" is a female homosexual. It focuses on the issues of the lesbian pure breed dog owner. "To focus" on an issue or topic is to concentrate on it. If a dog is "pure breed," it is 100% of a single type or breed, such as pure poodle (A dog that is a mixed breed is called a mutt). We’re on our third issue. An "issue" of a magazine is a copy or edition for a specific date. Sherri Ann is the inspiration and I do the grunt work, the details. "Inspiration" is anything that emotionally moves or encourages people to take a specific action. "Grunt work" refers to the small details and physical tasks of a project that few people ever notice are being done. She’s generous. She’s sweet. :: And vice versa. A Latin expression that means in the opposite order (though here Sherri is not using the phrase correctly).

As it turns out, she’s dynamite in the sack. :: Likewise, I’m sure. "As it turns out" basically means "Although it was unexpected..." If a person is "dynamite in the sack," they are sexually talented. "Likewise" is Sherri’s awkward way of saying "you, too." After the dog show, I was on an El AL flight to Haifa faster than a walnut could roll off a hen house roof. El Al is the national airline of Israel. A "hen house" is a small shed for chickens. This is Harlan’s typically ridiculous way of speaking.

I spent about three weeks on a kibbutz just mellowing out. A "kibbutz" is a type of small farming community in Israel. "To mellow out" is a very slangy way of saying to relax and do nothing. I’ve been working pretty hard mastering the art of ventriloquism, which is an ancient art. "To master" a skill is to become an expert at it. "Ventriloquism" is the art of giving voice to puppets without ever moving your own lips. I enjoy being able to put people in another dimension, so to speak. "Dimension" is a general word for a point in time and space, and "so to speak" is a way of admitting that the words just chosen are a bit strange or not clear (This is Harlan’s way of saying he likes to make people think they are in a different or magical place). I only have five hours :: Hold your horses! A fascinating expression that simply means be patient or slow down! If we could give the money to Shi Tzu rescue. :: They have plenty of money. Note that many dog breeds have organizations that are dedicated to saving (rescuing) them from life on the streets. "Plenty" means a lot. What Shi Tzu is straggling along the street with an old coat saying "Alms for the poor?" like the little match girl? "To straggle along" is to move slowly with little energy. "Alms" is an old word for charity or money for the needy. Our sex life is finally back on track. If something is "back on track," it is working normally again after having been damaged or broken. Talk about a winner! A colloquial way of emphasizing how obvious something is. What we went through, huh? It was horrible! "To go through" a horrible time is to experience it and survive it.

Best in Show
Possible Topics for ESL Class Discussion

1. After seeing this film, do you think Americans are more or less bizarre than people from your own country? 2. Would you ever enter your dog in a dog show? 3. What are the various American subcultures that are depicted in this film? 4. Which character was the most neurotic? 5. What subcultures in your country would make a good subject for a "mockumentary"? 6. Are dogs as important in your country as they are in America? 7. Which are better; Cats or dogs?

-------------------------------------------------------Dumb & Dumber (Comedy)(1994) © 1999 by Raymond Weschler

Major Characters

Lloyd..............................Jim Carrey A truly stupid, but lovable, limousine driver. Harry..............................Jeff Daniels A dog groomer, who is Lloyd's truly stupid but lovable friend. Mary Swanson........................Lauren Holly A wealthy heiress with whom Lloyd falls in love, whose husband has just been kidnapped. Plot Summary This is the story of Lloyd and Harry, two really stupid people who are best friends. Lloyd is a limousine driver who thinks he has fallen in love with Mary, who he has driven to the airport. When Lloyd sees Mary leave a briefcase sitting on the ground at the airport, he rushes to grab it, and then decides he needs to drive to Aspen, Colorado in order to return it to her.

Unknown to Lloyd, the briefcase contained a huge amount of money (a ransom), and was in fact going to be picked up by two people who had helped kidnap Mary's husband. The kidnappers see Lloyd take the brief case, and follow him back to his house. Meanwhile, Lloyd has convinced Harry to drive to Aspen in order to return the briefcase to Mary. Lloyd and Harry drive from Rhode Island to Colorado, while unknowingly being chased by the kidnappers. They finally arrive in Aspen, out of money, cold, and as stupid as ever. By chance, they discover that the briefcase contains a huge fortune. They instantly become rich, but continue to search for Mary in order to return the briefcase and money, as well as hopefully give Lloyd one last chance to seduce Mary. Unfortunately for Lloyd, Harry also develops a strong affection for Mary. Ultimately it doesn't matter though, since both Lloyd and Harry must probably come to accept the fact that Mary is not interested in either in them. The movie ends, with Lloyd and Harry still really stupid. A final sociolingusitic note: Much of the humor in this movie is based on the fact that Lloyd uses very educated language, despite the fact that he is so dumb. Knowing that his choice of words is so out of character for such a stupid guy should help you appreciate much of the film's humor.

Words and Expressions that You may not Know Lloyd meets Mary, takes her to the airport, and apparently falls in love (or at least falls in lust). New Jersey. A State next to New York Good day mate. Let's put another shrimp on the barbie. Australian (not Austrian!) English: "Hi friend, let's barbecue some shrimp." Weinersnitzel. Foot long. Types of hot dogs. Very funny. In your dreams! What a person says to someone else when convinced the other person's hopes or desires are not possible. Suck me sideways. No one ever says this, though without the "sideways," it could be a crude insult or a sexual request. How did you guess? Note that in rapid speech, "how did..."----> "How'd." When I noticed the ticket, I put two and two together.

Common expression meaning "I analyzed things and understood." Aspen. A famous ski resort in Colorado (Not California!). I got worms. Tiny insects that crawl (used here, it sounds like he has a disease). Head on crash, or being trapped under a burning gas truck? When two cars drive directly into each other. No humping, and no sniffing heinies. "To hump" is a somewhat crude verb meaning to have sex. "Heinie" is a very old fashioned word for ass, butt, or derriere. These pooches don't need primping. "A pooch" is a dog, and "to primp" is to dress or groom with care. On second thought, you might want to run a comb through them. The thing used to brush hair. Mary drops off the mysterious briefcase, but Lloyd grabs it before the people she really left it for have a chance to take it. "The White Zone is for loading and unloading only." What every driver hears at every airport in the United States.

You make the pick-up. Note the use of this verb as a noun (referring to any object). Piece of cake. Common cliché meaning that something is very easy. There's our payday. Literally the day you're paid, or in this case, the source of money. Move it or lose it, sister! "Move, or I'll run into you." A "sister" is a nun! Hold that plane! In this context, one way to say "Don't let it go! Keep that plane here!" Limo driver. Common abbreviation for "limousine." Fell off the jet way, again. The area where Jets park at an airport. Who do they figure he's working for, anyway? "To figure" is a common colloquial verb meaning to think or believe. We sure as hell better find out. A colloquial way to add emotion or emphasis. They always freak out when you leave the scene of an accident. "To freak out" is a common colloquial verb meaning to panic or to become very emotionally upset. You're one pathetic loser.

A great adjective referring to someone who arouses scornful pity for being so bad or ridiculous. No offense. :: None taken. A common way to say "I didn't mean to offend you." You know what chaps my ass? "You know what makes me angry?" (But never said: only lips get "chapped," or dried out). Chicks love it. A colloquial and teenage way to refer to girls or women. Sparks flew, emotions ran high. A tiny flash of fire (Here, it refers to interaction between people). Get out of here! Used here to mean "I don't believe you!," which is fairly common when someone is being very cynical. (Some people will even just say "Get out!") I'd have to be a low life to go rooting around in somebody else's personal property. "A low life" is an immoral or horribly unpleasant person. "Rooting around" means to dig around, but is never used. I say we bail. "To bail" is a very colloquial way to say leave, usually in a hurry. Maybe we should trash the place.

As a verb, it means to destroy (common among gangsters). Nothing, nada, zip. They both mean "nothing" ("nada" is Spanish for nothing). Just get the bare essentials, since this is the last of our dough. The "bare essentials" means the absolute necessities (of living). "Dough" is common slang word for money. "Rhode Island Slut." The name of a newspaper Lloyd is reading. Rhode island is the tiny New England State where he lives, and a "slut" is crude word for a woman who sleeps with lots of men. Senior citizens, although slow and dangerous behind the wheel... "Senior citizens" is a polite way to refer to old people. If someone is "behind the wheel," they are driving a car (using a steering wheel). Where's the booze? Very common slang for liquor or alcohol. I got robbed by a sweet old lady in a motorized cart. The type of vehicle often seen on golf courses Lloyd is desperate to see Mary, and since Harry to drive just lost his job, Lloyd convinces Harry


with him to Aspen to return Mary's

Parakeet. A type of bird that is often kept as a pet. I've had it with this dump! The place where cities bury trash, but also used to described a dirty and unpleasant house or apartment. What the hell are we doing here? Common addition to add emotion in "WH questions." The Salmon of Capistrano. Capistrano is a city in California that is famous for its sparrows (a type of bird), not its salmon (a type of fish). I don't know. The French are assholes. A Crude and common insult word. It's safer to say jerk, moron, etc. I know what you're up to, mister! "To be up to" something is to be doing something, often in a secretive manner. That will plug us into the social pipeline! A poetic way of saying "we'll meat lots of (rich) people." I'm sick and tired of having to eke out a living. An interesting expression which means to make just enough money to survive.

I filled it up. Here, referring to gas in a car. Connecticut. Small state between Rhode island and New York. We're on a very tight budget. "We have very little money" 25 bucks. A very common way to refer to dollars. What do you call this? :::: Stuff. Often used as a very general term for "things" (Overused used by people with a limited vocabulary). The parakeet didn't even have a head, and you sold it to a blind kid? One of the funnier lines in the movie. Those bastards! A crude insult for referring to unpleasant or immoral men. How do they know I have gas? A clever play on words: Gas can refer to the gas that heats your apartment, or the gas that you get in your stomach after eating. I'm going to have a god dam hemorrhage. "God dam" is a crude way to add emotion (usually anger). A "hemorrhage" is a type of excessive bleeding. The Monkeys were a major influence on the Beatles. An interesting analysis of rock'n'roll history! (The Monkees were a

popular group formed after The Beatles arrived in the United States). With the kidnappers of Mary's husband following behind them, Lloyd & Harry make some new enemies on the road. What is the soup du jour? A French term meaning "soup of the day." It feels good to mingle with these laid back country folk. "To mingle" is to mix with, socially, and "laid back" means casual and relaxed. "Country folk" is a silly way to refer to people who live in the country or small towns, and not big cities. What the hell?! Who's the dead man? An interesting way to express disagreeable surprise. Kick his ass, Sea Bass! "To kick someone's ass" is to physically attack and harm. (Sea Bass is apparently the nick-name for this guy) A round of beers to bury the hatchet. An old cliché which means to forgive one another or make peace. Sea Bass said to put it on their tab. At a bar or restaurant, "to put it on someone's tab" is

to add the charges for the food and drink to their bill. I'll kill these sons of bitches. A funny plural for "son of a bitch," which is a crude insult. That was sheer genius. A common adjective, in this phrase meaning "total." So he gets away with it, scott-free? "To get away with" something is to be able do it without being punished."Scot-free" means without any complications at all. No, in the movie, they slit his throat. A very violent verb meaning to cut open with a knife! Camel. The noble animal with two humps, found mostly in deserts. Pull over. :::: It's a Cardigan, thanks for asking A cute play on words: When you are told to "pull over" by the police, that means to stop your car on the side of the road. But as a noun, "a pull-over" is a type of sweater. A Cardigan is a nice sweater. Killer boots, man! Interestingly, "killer" as an adjective means great or awesome! We're you boozing, sucking back on grandpa's old cough medicine?

"To booze" means drinking in order to get drunk. Give me that booze, you little pumpkin pie haircutted freak. Horrible grammatical construction, but a funny insult. A "freak" is a very useful word to describe a person who is very strange or odd. You'd keep your mouth shut, if you knew what was good for you. What people in authority often say in order to intimidate or threaten. Tic tac, sir? A type of mint used to clean your breath. Get the hell out of here! A very common and colloquial way to simply say "leave!" Mary and her family discuss their options after discovering the kidnappers did not receive the ransom money. Meanwhile, Lloyd and Harry move onward. We should've called the authorities after Bobby was kidnapped. Here, a reference to the police. We've been through this already. "We've already discussed this." We can't let on that anything is wrong


A good phrasal verb meaning to let others

If they get wind of this, the kidnappers may panic. "To get wind" of something is to find out about it. Doggy bag. A very useful bag that restaurants give to customers for left-over food. No, I'm cool. Very common colloquial adjective that can mean many things depending on the context; Here, meaning awake or alert. These places don't do it for me. If something "doesn't do it for you," you don't really like it. Did some filly break your heart? :::: No, a girl. A female horse (Here, used to mean a "girl," but that's ridiculous). A week later, out of the blue, she gave me a John Deere letter. If something happens "out of the blue," it happens suddenly and totally unexpectedly. What follows is a great play on words: A "Dear John" letter is simply a typical letter, whereas "John Deere" is the name of a big farm equipment company. She gave me a bunch of crap. Crude but common for lots of nonsense, or useless junk. Guess who we happened upon. A rare phrasal verb meaning to see by chance.

The boys are holed up here. If people are "holed up somewhere, they are trapped inside. Is it possible they're feds? Common slang for "Federal Police Agents," such as the FBI. Grab the bag, so we can end this shit. Note the use of "shit" as a definite noun referring to a general situation. "Mr. Andre." The head kidnapper. These jokers have a lot of money. Another word for clowns or fools. I told you I'm on it. "To be on" something is to be taking care of it. On the map, we've only done four inches. A funny line that only a stupid person would say seriously. I'll give you 10-1 that I'll get you to gamble. "To give someone 10-1 odds" is a way of saying "I'll pay you 10 times what you would pay me, if I lose the bet." Lloyd and Harry pick up a hitchhiker, not knowing that he is one of the kidnappers. Fortunately, they get away and continue on to Veil.

Hitchhiker. Person who tries to get a ride by sticking out his thumb on the road. I'll go with my instincts on this one. Another good word for intuition. Double triple stamp. Nonsense words that mean nothing, which Lloyd and George use in a game. The most annoying sound in the world. This is a very useful adjective which means irritating or bothersome. "Mockingbird." The name of the song they're singing: A bird that imitates sounds, and that is therefore very irritating. Stop acting like a couple of pussies and go at the same time. A very crude word for a coward or someone without courage. In the singular, it's also a vulgar way to refer to female sexual organs. Sounds like a dare. "A dare" is an official challenge to someone to do something. More tingly than hot. "Tingly" means to have a slight stinging sensation. Here, "hot" means spicy, not warm. It's mental. A colloquial adjective that can mean crazy.

I've put rat poison in their Shirely Temple. A type of cocktail (named after a famous child actress). Talk about being in the wrong place at the wrong time! An interesting way to begin sentences, to show emphasis. Oh, my ulcer. A lesion in the stomach that causes great pain. It's OK, I know CPR. "Cardiopulmonary resuscitation" The blowing of air into another person's mouth in order to get that person to begin breathing. The next time, you're dead meat. A somewhat crude way to say "you're going to die." Not if you count the gurgling sound. "To gurgle" is the sound you make when you gargle mouth wash. The police join the chase for Lloyd and


Then they hit the road. "To hit the road" is to begin driving. West on I-80 towards Colorado. "I" stands for "Interstate highway," which is identified by a number. Did you get a make out of the vehicle?

In this case, "an identification" of the car. An '84 sheep dog. Cars are identified by year and model (And their car looks like this dog). "Mutt Cutts, Rhode Island" "Mutts" are mixed-breed dogs. A ridiculous name for a business. Cool. A classic and versatile colloquial adjective. Here, meaning "great." You're spraying everywhere. "To spray" is to disperse liquid in a jet stream (Which dogs and cats will often do when peeing). He's such a klutz. A very useful word which means a very clumsy person. I got to avoid accident-prone guys. If you are "prone" to do something, you are likely to do it. Thus, an "accident-prone" person usually has lots of accidents. For god's sake, give me the damn number! Used to express anger or other strong emotion. If you're going to be pushy, forget about it A good word for someone who is overly aggressive. Motorists saw a pooch, 30 miles back. A stupid slang word for a dog.

OK, just drop it. Here, meaning "stop talking." Big gulps, all right! A "gulp" is a large amount swallowed all at once. It's also the name of a serving size at 7-11 convenience stores. Some people weren't cut out for life on the road. An alternative way to say "made for." How long have I been out? Here, meaning "asleep" (A related expression is "He's out cold"). I thought the Rocky Mountains were rockier than this. America's tallest mountain range, located in the Western States. That John Denver is full of shit, man! A crude but common expression meaning "filled with lies and nonsense." Here, refers to the singer John Denver, who was famous for the song "Rocky Mountain High." OK, so we backtracked a tad. A "tad" is cute little word meaning "a tiny amount." It won't do any good whining about it. "To whine" is to complain in an irritating manner. We're in a hole, so we need to dig ourselves out. A "hole" can be used in a general sense to mean any bad situation. Pardon me, Mr. Perfect!

A sarcastic way of saying "you couldn't have done any better." Some kid traded me the van for it, straight up. If two things are traded "straight up," it is one for the other, with nothing else exchanged. Then you go, and totally redeem yourself! "To redeem" oneself is to compensate or make up for a bad action that was done in the past. Lloyd and Harry arrive in Veil, cold, hungry and without money. But soon their luck changes in a big way... Got a little dippy. A ridiculous way to say cold (as in "the temperature took a dip"). I swallowed a big June bug. A type of flying insect. He must work out. "To work out" is a good phrasal verb meaning to exercise seriously. She'll invite us in for tea and crumpets. A little pastry popular in Britain (note Lloyd pronounces it with an "s" at the beginning, which is typical for him). Samsonite. I was way off. "Samsonite" is the name of a famous luggage manufacturer.

If you guess at something and you're "way off," you weren't even close. She must be unlisted. Not listed in the local phone book. My fingers are numb. "Numb" is an important word meaning without the ability to feel. I'm going to toss this damn curse into the damn pond. A "curse" is the evil or bad luck a person faces after a witch orders that it be done. Note the common use of "damn" to show anger. A small loan with IOUs. An interesting abbreviation for a debt: "I owe you (money)." The Royal Suite at the Danbury. The most expensive room in a hotel, in this case, "The Danbury." Charles and Di used to frequent this hotel constantly. The famous British Royal Couple. "To frequent" a place is to stay at it on a regular basis. Come on Cinderella, we're going to get you ready for the ball. Cinderella is a famous character in a fairly tale. A 'ball" is often an elegant evening of dancing. At a charity ball for endangered species,


see Mary.

and Lloyd get their big chance to finally

"Aspen Preservation Society." A group that works to save endangered animals. Jesus Christ, those guys are all mental. "Jesus Christ" spoken at the beginning of a sentence is a common way to express anger or surprise. In this case, "mental" means crazy. All we have to do is show some class and sophistication. "To have class" is to have elegance or style. I'd like to eat his liver with some beans. A very unclassy thing to say! Bowls of wild mouse soup. Nonsense words (what Harry wants to eat). Endangered spices. Animals that are in danger of becoming extinct. These specimens constitute 1/7th of the snow-owl population. In this case, a fancy way to say "are." They will flourish once more. "To flourish" is to grow stronger and do well. I'm ready for commitment. A key word when discussing relationships: The decision to be loyal to one person forever. I'd do anything to bone her.

A crude but funny verb meaning to have sex. She'll think I'm a psycho. A cool colloquial word which refers to a crazy person. Talk to her. That way you can build me up. "To build someone up" is to make them sound really good. Tell her I have a rapier wit. "A cutting and sharp sense of humor." Typically though, Lloyd pronounces rapier as "rapist." I'm going to hang by the bar and put out the vibe. "To hang" is a short and extremely slangy way of saying to "hang out," which simply means to stay and do nothing in particular. "To put out the vibe" is a ridiculous way to say "send out good vibrations," in order to attract people. Nice set of hooters you got there. A clever play on words: "Hooters" are both owls (the bird) and crude slang for breasts. Canines. They're dogs to the lay person. "Canine" is a scientific word for dog. A "lay person" is simply someone who is not an expert. Any unusual breeding? :::: Just doggie style. Another clever play on words: "Breeding" refers to types of dog (ie...the breed), but Harry thinks the question refers to any unusual sexual position, since "to breed" is the verb used for reproducing animals.

"Doggie style" is a sexual position popular with both people and dogs! We mixed a bulldog with a Shitsu. We called it a bullshit. Types of dog; "Bullshit" is of course, a very common obscenity for nonsense, lies, etc. This calls for the bubbly. Colloquial for "champagne" You're going to be my best man. Refers to the groom's "best man" at a wedding. We already have the tuxes. Short for "tuxedo" (a very expensive suit for men). How can you whack a bird with a cork? "To whack" is to hit." A "cork" is the object placed in wine bottles. Harry finds himself with Mary, while Lloyd is left wondering what happened to his promised date. This one's on me. "I'll pay for this one." "Alpine Drive." The name of the street where Mary lives. That pisses me off. "To piss off" someone is to make them angry or annoyed. I just figured that she was a raging alcoholic.

"To figure" is a popular way to say think. As an adjective, "raging" means out of control. Such pain and personal anguish for nothing. "Anguish" is extreme physical or emotional pain. I'm going to head off and catch a flick. A "flick" is a slang word for movie. Harry, old buddy, old pal. Two expressions for "dear friend" A jealous Lloyd decides to teach Harry a lesson, but Lloyd soon learns there's little chance he could have Mary's love ... Constipation. Inability to go to the bathroom (defecate). To my friend Harry, the matchmaker. A person who introduces potential lovers to each other. Make yourself at home. The best words to make a person feel comfortable at your house. The toilet doesn't flush. The only verb you need to describe what a toilet needs to do! On A Current Affair: Inside the Menendez Brother's home, and the story of a blind boy who was duped into buying a dead parakeet.

"A Current Affair" is a silly and sensationalistic news show. "The Menendez Brothers" are famous for being rich kids who killed their parents. "To dupe" someone is to fool or cheat them. The briefcase. You left it at the airport, you big goof. An affectionate way of saying "you idiot" Flush, you bastard! A crude insult for a mean or unpleasant person (or in this case, an unpleasant toilet). Something important has come up. Another way to say that something "has happened." I'm crazy about you. A common and colloquial way to say "I love and adore you." I'm like a school boy who wants to make sweet love to you. A romantic thing to say (I suppose). I desperately want to make love to a school boy. A very funny "slip of the tongue" (a verbal mistake). I want to ask you a question, straight up, flat out. "Directly, without avoiding the issue." Give it to me straight, level with me. "Be honest, even if it will hurt me..." (both are common). So you're telling me there's a chance. I read you.

"To read someone" is to understand them; Note how "you"----> "ya" in rapid speech. Mr. Andre, rich lover of extinct birds

and a

professional kidnapper, captures Lloyd, Harry and Mary. Don't play dumb with me, asshole. "To play dumb" is to pretend ignorance of something. I'm going to fully reimburse you. "To reimburse" someone is to pay them back money that is owed. That's as good as money. They're IOUs. A useful abbreviation for "I owe you (money)" I got a confession. A "confession" is something personal that one admits to someone else. You were my best friend, until you turned into a backstabber. A powerful word for a traitor, or one who betrays the trust of another. Frieda told me the whole sleazy story, Mr. French tickler. "Sleazy" is a great word for dirty, vulgar, or interestingly, poorly made. "To tickle" someone is to touch someone in order to make them laugh. You said it, pal. "Exactly, my friend."

Maybe we should call it quits, now. A common way to say "stop." OK, kiss my ass, both cheeks! "Kiss my ass" is a common and crude insult, but only an idiot would say "both cheeks" (referring to both sides of a butt). You're a horrible shot. Someone who is "a horrible shot" does not know how to aim a gun very well. The FBI arrives, Mary's husband is freed and our heroes are saved, but they are still as stupid as ever... Special officer Beth Jordan, FBI. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (The national police). We've been following you since Providence. Capital of the State of Rhode Island. She strapped this bullet proof vest on me. Clothing designed to protect a person from guns and bullets. She's something, aien't she? "She's great, isn't she?" ("aien't" is very uneducated speech). I owe you both a gratitude. Poetic way to say "I'm very appreciative" (It's much more common to say "a debt of gratitude").

First Mary dumps us, then the cops take our nest egg, and then the moped breaks down. A person who "dumps" another breaks up with them, or leaves them. A "nest egg" is a great expression for a quantity of money that is used primarily to give one a sense of financial security. Any machine that "breaks down" simply stops working. When are we going to catch a break? "To catch a break" is to get some good luck. We need 2 oil boys who can grease us up before bikini competitions. In this case, to "grease up" someone is to run tanning oil on their body. He's a little slow. Here, meaning stupid. You're it! Stupid thing people say when playing a stupid game like "tag."

___________________ Dumb and Dumber Some Potential Questions for ESL Class Discussion

1. Was the movie funny?

2. What did you like or not like about it?

3. Do you know people like Lloyd and Harry?

------------------------------------------------------------------Overview of Two-Part (Phrasal) Verbs (idioms)

Many verbs in English are followed by an adverb or a preposition (also called a particle), and these two-part verbs, also called phrasal verbs, are different from verbs with helpers. The particle that follows the verb changes the meaning of the phrasal verb in idiomatic ways:

drop off - decline gradually The hill dropped off near the river

drop off(2) - fall asleep While doing his homework, he dropped off.

drop off(3) - stop and give something to someone Would you drop this off at the post office?

drop out - cease to participate After two laps, the runner dropped out.

Some particles can be separated from the verb so that a noun and pronoun can be inserted, and some particles can't be separated from the verb. In addition, some phrases are intransitive, meaning they cannot take a direct object.

Separable add up (meaning: to add) Correct: She added up the total on her calculator. Correct: She added it up on her calculator.

Inseparable get around (meaning: to evade) Correct: She always gets around the rules. Incorrect: She always gets the rules around (This construction makes no sense in English.)

Intransitive catch on (meaning: to understand)

Correct: After I explained the math problem, she began to catch on. Incorrect: She began to catch on the math problem. (catch on cannot take a direct object in this meaning.) Correct: She began to catch on to the math problem. (the word to makes the math problem an indirect object, which is acceptable in this meaning.) Unfortunately, there is usually no indicator whether an idiomatic phrase is separable, inseparable, or intransitive. In most cases the phrases must simply be memorized. Below is a partial list of each kind of phrase. All Sections in Two-Part (Phrasal) Verbs (idioms): 1. Overview of Two-Part (Phrasal) Verbs (idioms) 2. Separable Phrasal Verbs 3. Inseparable Phrasal Verbs 4. Intransitive Phrasal Verbs

Separable Phrasal Verbs blow up back up cause to break down add up cause to move explode; analyze; list the add backwards; support destroy by parts of separately explosives bring about bring off bring on cause to happen accomplish cause bring out bring over bring to publish; emphasize bring revive bring up burn down brush out raise; care for from destroy by brush the inside of childhood burning buy up buy out burn up buy the by the other person's consume by fire whole supply share of a business of

call up call off calm down telephone; summon cancel; order away become calm for military service carry over carry out carry; carry on fulfill; complete; continue at continue accomplish; perform another time or place cheer up chop up chew up cause to become chop into chew thoroughly cheerful small pieces clean off clean out clean up clean the surface of clean the inside of clarify; tidy close down clear out clear up close clear the surface of clear the inside of permanently close up count in count out close temporarily include exclude cut off count up cross out interrupt; calculate; count; eliminate sever; add to a total amputate draw up cut out cut down write; eliminate; delete reduce in quantity compose (a document) dress up eat up dust out put clothes on; eat dust the inside of adorn completely figure out fill in figure up interpret; complete (a compute understand printed form) fill out fill up find out complete (a printed fill completely (a discover form) container) fix up get across give back repair; arrange in a cause to be return suitable manner understood

hand down deliver; give out give up pronounce distribute; announce surrender something formally; leave as an inheritance hand over hang up have on yield control of suspend be dressed in have over hold up entertain someone hold off delay; rob; informally at one's delay; restrain threaten with home a weapon keep up leave out let down continue; keep the omit disappoint same pace live down let out live in such a light up release from way as to light; illuminate confinement; make cause thoroughly larger (in sewing) something to be forgotten make over move over pass out remake move to the side distribute pass up not take advantage pass on pay back of (as an transmit repay opportunity) pick up pay off come to meet an discharge a debt escort; lift with play down completely; give hands or fingers; minimize someone his final learn pay casually;initiate an association publicly play up point out pull down emphasize indicate pull in a downward direction;

push across cause to be understood or accepted put up preserve (food); receive as an overnight guest rinse off rinse the surface of

put off postpone

raze put on dress in; deceive or fool ring up the telephone rule out eliminate save up accumulate

quiet down be quiet

rinse out rinse the inside of run off run down cause to depart; trace; disparage; hit reproduce with a vehicle mechanically

send back see off see through send to a accompany someone complete; in spite place where to the beginning of a of difficulties formerly trip located send over show off set up send to where exhibit arrange someone is ostentatiously shut off slow up spell out cause to cease cause to move more enumerate; functioning slowly state in detail stand up take back sweep out fail to keep an return; retract sweep the inside of appointment with a statement take down take in take over remove from a high understood; fool; take; assume position; write from deceive; make command of dictation smaller (in sewing) tear up tell off tear down tear into small scold; destroy pieces reprimand think over think through think up consider consider from create; invent

beginning to end tie up tie securely or tight try on tire out touch up put on a cause to be repair garment to exhausted verify the fit turn out produce; turn down try out force into refuse; lower the test exile, volume extinguish (a light) wear out wash off wash out use until no wash the surface of wash the inside of longer usable; tire greatly wind up wipe out finish, tighten the wipe off wipe the spring of a watch or wipe the surface of inside of; machine decimate write out work out write down write down solve record every detail; spell out write up compose; prepare (a document) throw away discard throw over reject Intransitive Phrasal Verbs back down back out retreat from a position in desert; fail to keep a an argument promise blow in bear up drop in to visit endure unexpectedly back up move backwards blow over pass without doing harm

blow up explode; lose one's temper carry on continue as before; misbehave check up investigate clear out leave close up close temporarily come back return

call up telephone catch on understand check out leave; pay one's bill clear up become clear came about happen come by visit someone in his home

calm down become calm catch up cover the distance between oneself and a moving goal cheer up become cheerful close down close permanently come along accompany; make progress come out appear; make a social debut come to regain consciousness die down fade; diminish drive back return by car drop over visit someone casually fall through fail; not be accomplished fly back return by air get along have a friendly relationship

come over come to someone's come through house, to where someone succeed is cut in die away interrupt fade; diminish die off/out dress up disappear; become don fancy or unusual extinct clothes drop in drop out visit someone casually abandon some organized without planning activity; leave; quit fall behind not progress at required fall off pace decrease; lose weight fill in find out substitute learn fly over get ahead fly to where someone is make progress

get by get around get away manage; either just circulate; move about escape barely or with a minimum of effort get on get in get off enter (a vehicle); mount enter descend from leave (a horse, etc.) get on/along get up get through progress; be compatible rise finish give out give up go back become exhausted surrender; fail to finish return go out go off go on stop burning; leave one's explode happen; continue residence go over grow up hang around go; succeed mature remain idly; dawdle hang up hold on hold out replace a telephone grasp tightly; persevere; continue to resist; receive on its hook wait while telephoning persevere; persist keep up keep on maintain the required let up continue pace or standard; diminish in intensity continue lie down look on make out recline be a spectator progress; succeed pan out make up move over turn out well; be become reconciled move to the side successful pass out pass on pick up become unconscious die grow; increase pull in pull out pull through arrive deport survive (barely) run away run down ride over escape; leave; leave slowly lose power so as ride to where someone is quickly without to stop functioning permission run off sell out settle up

depart running; drain show off boast by words or actions slow up reduce speed stay over remain at someone's house overnight or longer take over assume command turn around turn so that one is facing another direction turn up arrive; be found unexpectedly walk back return on foot to where one was watch out be careful work out be successful

sell the ownership or responsibility show up arrive; appear unexpectedly stand by wait; be prepared to assist step aside move to one side talk back answer impolitely turn in go to bed wait up remain awake in anticipation walk over walk to where someone is wear off fade; disappear through use or time

pay one's bills or debts shut up stop talking stand up stand; rise from sitting; last; endure take off leave the ground throw up vomit turn out succeed; come; appear, as at a public meeting wake up awaken wash out fade or disappear from washing wear out become unusable through use; become used up


Click the button to see the meaning. ace He's an ace reporter. action Do you know where the action is in this town? airhead My sister's boyfriend is a real airhead. all wet Your ideas about politics are all wet. all-nighter I almost fell asleep during the test after an all-nighter. ammo The gun was useless after the killer ran out of ammo. antifreeze I really need some antifreeze in me on cold days like this. armpit This town is really an armpit. awesome What an awesome sunset. bad Wow, that was really a bad movie. barf

He barfed all over the seat of the airplane. bashed The boat was bashed beyond recognition. beat After working all day I am really beat. beemer He just bought a new beemer to drive to work in. bench He was benched during the basketball playoffs. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 2 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. bent It's OK. Don't get so bent. bent out of shape Don't get so bent out of shape. big gun The president brought two big guns to the meeting. big mouth Shut up! You really have a big mouth. big stink The citizens made a big stink about the new nuclear power station.

blade He carried a ten inch blade with him. blimp I always seem to have a blimp sitting next to me when I travel. blow I'm going to blow out of here now. blow He blew all his money gambling. blow a fuse Hey, don't blow a fuse. blow one's cool Calm down. Don't blow your cool. blown away I was blown away by his donation of a million dollars. bomb The movie was a bomb. bombed The driver of the car was bombed. bonkers I think I am going bonkers. Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 3 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. boo-boo

If you make another boo-boo like that, you won't have a job. booze I promised to bring two bottles of booze to the party. bread I need some bread to pay for my car. break A lucky break helped him get the job. break it up Break it up, or I will call the police. bring-down The news of the airplane crash was a bring-down. buck Do you have a buck I can borrow? bummed I was really bummed after I heard the news. bummer My trip to New York was a bummer. bust The whole idea was a bust. buy it If you don't slow down, you're going to buy it in a car accident. call The weatherman made a good call about when the storm would come. can Do you know where the can is? carb My motorcycle's carb is out of adjustment.

catch some rays I'm going to lie on the beach and catch some rays. Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 4 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. catch some Z's I need to catch some Z's before I go on my trip. cheesy That is really a cheesy looking outfit. chicken Don't be a chicken. chintzy That really was a chintzy present you got him. chow down I need to find a place to chow down. clip Watch out or they will clip you at that bar. clunker I can't go on a date in that clunker. cold fish My date for the dance was a cold fish. collar I knew they would collar the robber sooner or later. come up for air

He has to come up for air or he will die from exhaustion. con Don't try to con me. cool This is a really cool place to work. cool down Things should cool down in a day or two. cop How did you get the road sign? I copped it. cop The cop showed me his badge. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 5 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. couch potato He is a couch potato. crack open a bottle Let's crack open a bottle for his birthday. cram I need more time to cram for the test. cream Our team creamed them badly.

croak I feel like I am going to croak. cruise The skier was cruising down the hill cuffs He put the cuffs on the killer. cushy He has a really cushy job. cut Could you cut my whiskey with a little water? cut out It is late. I have to cut out. damage Lets get the bill and find out the damage. dead This disco is really dead tonight. deck He was decked in the fight. deep pockets Her boyfriend has deep pockets. dicey Since the weather is a little dicey, I won't go today. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 6 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language

By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. dirty I hear that it's a dirty movie. ditch I'll ditch my younger brother with my grandmother. do a snow job on Don't try to do a snow job on me. dope He is such a dope. dope There are a lot of dope dealers around here. dork He is such a dork. dough I need some dough before I can go Christmas shopping. down Let's go to a bar and down a few beers. drag Doing homework on the weekend is a drag. dynamite This drink is really dynamite. earful My grandmother gave me an earful about the neighborhood. easy mark The Japanese are an easy mark because they usually carry cash.

eat The problem is really eating away at me. excellent That's excellent man. face-off The two sides were headed for a nasty face-off. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 7 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. far-out This music is really far-out. fix The addict needs another fix. flaky He is too flaky to do the work. flashback At the wedding he had a flashback of his old girlfriend. flick I haven't seen a flick in a long time. flip out He flipped out when he heard that his mother had been killed. flip side

What kind of music do you have on the flip side of the tape? fox His older sister is a fox. foxy She is a foxy lady. freebie The pillow was a freebie get into something I got into gardening in high school. get it I listened to the joke twice, but I still don't get it. get with it If you don't get with it, we will never finish this work. gig I have a gig on Saturday night from 7:00 to 10:00. glitch This computer program has a glitch. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 8 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. glitzy This is a pretty glitzy hotel to be staying in.

go Let me have a go at solving the problem. go bananas I am going to go bananas if I don't have a vacation soon. go down What is going down? goof I am really a goof at times. goof up I really goofed up when I painted my room green. goofy You are always acting goofy these days. gourd Use your gourd to figure out what is happening. grand His salary is twenty grand. grass Lots of students smoke grass in the dormitory. gravy This job is pure gravy. groovy This music is groovy. gross Picking your nose is really a gross habit. gross-out The party was a gross-out. grub Where is the best place to get some grub around here?

Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 9 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. grubby Those clothes are too grubby to wear to the party. grungy That is a really grungy jacket. gut He got shot in the gut. gut The gut issue is about what we are going to do now. guts It takes a lot of guts to give the boss your true opinion. hairy That was a hairy plane trip. I am glad the storm is over. hammer Put the hammer to the floor or we will be late for the wedding. hang it up I have decided to hang up my teaching job. hang loose Just hang loose for another few days. hang tough

We need to hang tough on our decision. hardware The police were surprised by all the hardware the gang members had. have a buzz on I had a buzz on after the third martini. have good vibes I have good vibes about our new secretary. have it all together Recently I don't have it all together. heave I heaved up on the floor. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 10 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. high The teenagers look high to me. hip-shooter He is such a hip-shooter. history I don't have any idea where my old boyfriend is. He's history. hit Your proposal was a hit with the boss.

hole up I had to hole up for three days because the police were looking for me. honcho The honcho says that we are going to have to give up two days of our vacation. hooker Her clothes make her look like a hooker. hot The police stopped them because they thought the car was hot. huffy I will do it soon so please don't get huffy. hungry If you are not hungry, you won't get ahead in the business. hustle If you don't hustle, we will be late again. hyped The fans were all hyped up for the football game. hyper Don't get hyper about what she told you. You know it isn't true. I.D. Can you show me some I.D. please? in The tie you are wearing is really in. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 11 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language

By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. in deep They are really in deep with each other. in the bag Everything is in the bag. There is nothing to worry about. intense This is a very intense situation we are discussing. jam I am glad you got yourself out of that jam. jerk someone around Recently it seems like everyone is jerking me around. jock My roommate is a jock for the basketball team. john The john really smells. joint Where is the closest joint to here. joint He is good at rolling joints. junkie Sam is a junkie. just off the boat He acts like he is just off the boat. keep one's cool He kept his cool when his house burned down.

kegger I hear there is a kegger at John's house tonight. kick I get a kick out of watching him paint. klutz He is a real klutz. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 12 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. knock Don't knock it if you can't do it any better. knocked up My dog gets knocked up once a year. knockout Who was that knockout I saw you with last Friday? knuckle sandwich Shut up or I'll give you a knuckle sandwich. kook Watch out for all the kooks in this neighborhood. laid-back You need to be more laid-back. lame

That is really a lame excuse. line I have heard that line a million times. loser John is a loser. love handles I exercise every day, but I can't get rid of these love handles. make waves Try not to make waves around the office. maxed out I am maxed out at my work and need to rest. mean He plays a mean violin. mega I have mega amounts of tomatoes in my garden this summer. megabucks He made megabucks when he sold his company. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 13 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. mellow You need to mellow out and enjoy life.

meltdown There has been a meltdown in the relationship between my parents and me. mickey mouse The homework the teacher gave us was mickey mouse. move on someone I am going to try to move on Sarah next Saturday. mush That is total mush and you know it. nark Watch out for the narks in the airport. neat That was a neat idea that you had. negative There are too many negatives about the company merger. nick The police nicked the shoplifter as he was leaving the store. nip He took a nip out of the bottle. no sweat It's no sweat to have the report in to you by Monday. nuke I'll nuke our dinner in a few minutes. nuke Does that attack plane have any nukes? nut I think that he is a nut. nuts

You are completely nuts if you think I will go with you. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 14 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. pad Have you found a pad yet? pain in the neck My wife's best friend is a pain in the neck. paper-pusher My office is filled with paper-pushers. party animal You're too old to be a party animal. party-hearty We need to party-hearty because we just got a raise in salary. paw Get your paws off of my body. peanuts I am not going to work for peanuts. pickled He gets pickled after only one beer. piece of cake Working on a computer for me is a piece of cake.

pig He is a pig at parties. pig out Let's go to the restaurant and pig out. pit stop Let's make a pit stop at the next rest area. plastered He drinks too much and is always plastered on the weekend. pooped out He pooped out after we started to do the hard work. pop Shut up or I will pop you. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 15 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. pop for something It is my turn to pop for the doughnuts. pro He is really a pro at his work. prod Can you give me a gentle prod next week so I won't forget? psyched up

The players are really psyched up for the game on Friday. psycho She is a psycho. She should be in a hospital. puke I feel like I am going to puke. push off I am going to push off now. put the moves on You should give up trying to put the moves on her. She is married. put-on It was an elaborate put-on which I almost believed. quarterback Who is going to quarterback the meeting? quick buck I need to make a quick buck. rack I have to hit the rack by ten or I'll be tired in the morning. rack out I am going to rack out for two hours. racket There sure was a lot of racket outside last night. rag I can't believe we still get this same old rag. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 16

Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. rap We need to sit down and rap about a few things. rathole When are you going to be able to move out of that rathole? raw The raw office workers were not getting much done. ream someone out The boss really reamed him out for his bad report. red hot Your idea is really red hot. repo Hey, don't repo my car. I will pay next week. rinky-dink The circus was really rinky-dink. riot The comedy program was a real riot. road hog That driver is a road hog. rocks Would you like your whiskey on the rocks? rough time We have had a rough time this winter. rug

Is that a rug on his head? rug rat My sister has three rug rats. rule My wife rules the house. run off at the mouth He is always running off at the mouth. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 17 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. run out of gas The politician ran out of gas during the campaign. sack When did you hit the sack last night? scam Don't lose your money in some kind of scam. scarf Since he hadn't eaten in a week, he scarfed down everything on his plate. schmuck What a stupid schmuck. screw around

If you screw around all day at this work, you will have to come back again. screw up If you screw up one more time, I will fire you. sharp He is very sharp with numbers shot I'll give the puzzle another shot. shot down Everyone shot down my idea at first, but later agreed that it was a good idea. slammer The police threw them both in the slammer. smashed Try not to get smashed at the beer party. smoke eater My father is a smoke eater. split It is time to split and go see the movie. spook The cows were spooked by the howling of the wolves. Next Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 18 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. spud Do you want rice or spuds for dinner? square My father looks square in his jacket. steamed up Don't get so steamed up over the issue. stink This whole operation stinks. straight I want you to give me a straight answer. stressed I am really stressed by all the recent world events. sucker Don't be a sucker. take a hike I am tired of all your complaining. Take a hike. taken He was taken for all his money at the casino. taking care of business I have been taking care of business. threads Those look like expensive threads he is wearing. tool around I don't want to tool around all night. It is time to go home. totaled My car was totaled in the accident with the garbage truck. Next Page

Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly Interesting Things for ESL Students Commonly-Used American Slang - Page 19 Slang is informal, often entertaining, language By Charles I. Kelly & Lawrence E. Kelly

Click the button to see the meaning. up He has been up ever since he met his new girlfriend. up for grabs This is a sale. Everything is up for grabs. veg out I want to veg out in front of the television this evening. vibes He really gives off good vibes. wad You don't want to carry a wad like that with you in the big city. waste After you waste him, throw the body in the river. wheels If you let me borrow your wheels, I'll go out and buy a pizza. whiz He is a whiz at the computer. wired I am really wired after drinking five cups of coffee. wussy Don't be such a wussy all the time. Say what you are thinking.

yukky This food tastes yukky zapped I am too zapped to help you right now. zip He knew zip about running the company. Main Page Go to Common American Slang or Interesting Things for ESL Students. Copyright (C) 1998 by Charles Kelly and Larry Kelly ---------------------------------------------------------====================================================== ========= Children should know their place in the classroom and not order their teachers do to things. Know their place. My uncle is very sexist. When my aunt asked him to stop drinking so much, he accused her of not knowing her place in the home. Not knowing her place in the home. What does it mean? “Knowing your place” means to behave in a way that’s suitable to your rank, position or status. Another variation of this idiom is “put in one’s place”, which means to humble a person by reminded them that they have a lower rank or status. For example: “If my little brother doesn’t shut up, I’m going to smack him upside the head and put him in his place.” Review questions: 1. If you confess something fully, what do you do with your breast? Answer: You make a clean breast of something. 2. You want to get something to eat. What do you grab? Answer: You grab a bit to eat. A idioms | No Comments » Join the club. Posted by admin on August 22nd, 2006 You hate getting up in the morning? Join the club. Maybe you should start

going to bed earlier. Join the club. So, you weren’t very happy with the recent presidential elections, huh? Well, join the club! Join the club. What does it mean? “Join the club” is a phrase used to expresses sympathy for a common, unpleasant experience. You want to let another person know that they are not alone in their dissatisfaction. Review questions 1. If something disappears completely, where does it vanish to? Answer: It vanishes into thin air. 2. Someone likes to live on the edge. Do they live cautiously or dangerously? Answer: They live dangerously. J idioms | No Comments » Into thin air. Posted by admin on August 18th, 2006 How strange! I haven’t been able to find the TV remote control for months. It just seems to have vanished into thin air. Vanished into thin air. The Bermuda Triangle is said to be cursed, because several ships and airplanes have disappeared into thin air. Disappeared into thin air. What does it mean? “Into thin air” means to completely disappear. This idiom is often preceded by the verb “vanish”. The opposite meaning of this idiom is “out of thin air”. For example. the magician made a rabbit appear “out of thin air”. Review questions 1. This idiom uses two body parts and means something is greatly superior. Answer: Head and shoulders above. 2. What’s another way to say a rough approximation? Answer: A ballpark figure. I idioms | No Comments » Heads and shoulders above…

Posted by admin on August 6th, 2006 When it comes to math, Bill is really heads and shoulders above the rest of his classmates. He always scores perfectly on the tests. Heads and shoulders above. This year’s new computers are heads and shoulders above last year’s models. Heads and shoulders above. What does it mean? “Heads and shoulders above” means to be greatly superior to something else. This idiom uses the idea of height, or a tall person, to symbolize a higher status. Review questions: 1. What’s another word for a coward? Answer: A chicken. 2. You suddenly get nervous and decide to cancel your wedding? What body part got cold? Answer: You got cold feet. H idioms | No Comments » Make a clean breast of Posted by admin on July 30th, 2006 After Larry’s wife found the woman’s underwear in their bedroom, Larry decided to make a clean breast of it and tell his wife about the affair. Make a clean breast of it. A judge might be more are more lenient towards a criminal who make a clean breast of their crime. Makes a clean breast of their crime. What does it mean? To “make a clean breast” of something means to confess a secret fully. In this case, “clean breast” means to “bare one’s heart”. People once considered the breast to be the place where private feelings and secrets reside. Review questions 1. If someone responds to your complains by saying “join the club”, do they also share your disatisfaction? Answer: Yes. You say “Join the club” to express shared sympathy for another’s discomfort. 2. You let someone down. Are they likely to trust you again?

Answer: No. “To let down” means to disappoint a person by not supporting them when they need help. M idioms | No Comments » Get cold feet. Posted by admin on July 24th, 2006 I was planning on asking the new girl out on a date, but I got cold feet at the last moment and decided not to. Got cold feet. We’re a bit disappointed with Jim, because he seemed excited about starting a business with us and then suddenly he got cold feet. Got cold feet. What does it mean? To “get cold feet” means to lose your desire or nerve to do something. Often people “get cold feet” because they get nervous. For example, sometimes the bride or groom might not show up to their wedding because they’ve gotten cold feet. Review questions: 1. What’s another way you must accept or confront a situation? Answer: You must face it. 2. What idiom describes an additional benefit to something that is already good? Answer: The icing on the cake. G idioms | 1 Comment » Face it. Posted by admin on July 18th, 2006 Hey, Mike, just face it - you were wrong to yell at her and you should apologize at once. Face it. I think my friend needs to face up to the possibility that he might be fired from his job. Face up to the possibility. What does it mean? To “face it”, or “face up” to something, means to confront or accept an unpleasant or diffiuclt situation. Another variation of this idiom is “face the

music”. My son needs to face the music - he’s being charged with robbery and he faces a long jail sentence. Review questions: 1. What’s a way to tell someone that they are overdoing it? Answer: Enough is enough. 2. Your business is in debt. What color is it in? Answer: It’s in the red. F idioms | No Comments » Enough is enough. Posted by admin on July 7th, 2006 My teenage son didn’t come home again last night. Enough is enough - it’s time for him to move out of the house. Enough is enough. I know you like sweets, but enough is enough. If you eat the entire box of candy there won’t be anything left for other people. Enough is enough. What does it mean? “Enough is enough” means a person has done something excessively, usually past the point of being satisfied. You say “enough is enough” when you think the person should stop. It’s often used when someone can no longer tolerate another person’s behavior. “Tommy, enough is enough! If you don’t stop hitting your sister I’m going to send you to your room without dinner!” Review questions: 1. If something dawns on you, does it mean you’ve forgotten? Answer: No, it means you’ve realized or understood something you didn’t notice before. 2. What’s another way to tell an angry person to relax? Answer: Cool down. Dawn on. Posted by admin on July 1st, 2006 Tim never cared about doing his math homework, until it finally dawned on him that he might fail the course. Dawned on him. It never

dawned on me that eating white rice and bread might make me fat. Never dawned on me. What does it mean? To “dawn on” means something becomes evident or understood. This idiom uses the beginning of daylight - the dawn - to symbolize someone’s sudden understanding or realization. Review questions: 1. If you want to get to the point, what do you cut to? Answer: You cut to the chase. 2. You want to tell someone to relax or take it easy when you say goodbye. How do you tell them to hang? Answer: You tell them to hang loose. D idioms | No Comments » New web address and RSS feed Posted by admin on June 29th, 2006 The English Idioms and Slang Podcast has a new web address: http://www.englishcaster.com/idioms The new RSS feed is: http://www.englishcaster.com/idioms/wp-rss2.php You will no longer be able to receive podcasts using the old RSS feed. Sorry for the inconvenience. Bob -Announcements | 1 Comment » Cut to the chase. Posted by admin on June 26th, 2006 You know, rather than making small talk, why don’t you just cut to the chase and tell me what you want? Cut to the chase. I hate long speeches. The speaker should just cut to the chase so everyone can go home. Cut to the chase. What does it mean?

To “cut to the chase” means to get to the main point quickly. This idiom alludes to editing movie film. You cut out the boring parts so that you can get to the exciting chase scene quicker. In addition to the idiom “cut to the chase”, native English speakers also say “get to the point” or “get on with it”. For example: “Can we just get on with this meeting? I have a flight to catch in 2 hours.” Review questions: 1. What’s another way to say a rough estimate? Answer: A ballpark figure. 2. If something gets out of control, it gets out of what body part? Answer: It gets out of hand. C idioms | 2 Comments » Ballpark figure. Posted by admin on June 12th, 2006 I’m not an investment expert, but if I had to give you a ballpark figure, I’d say you could earn around 8% a year investing in stocks. Ballpark figure. Using a ballpark figure, the contractor was able to give us an estimate of how much it would cost to build our home. Ballpark figure. What does it mean? A “ballpark figure” is an acceptable, roughly accurate approximation. This idiom alludes to a baseball field. “In the ballpark” is considered a reasonable range. A “figure” is another way to say “number”. Review questions If someone has little chance of succeeding, what kind of shot do they have? Answer: They have a long shot. In addition to getting a pay raise, you also get more vacation time. The vacation time is the icing on the…what? Answer: It’’s the icing on the cake. B idioms | No Comments » A long shot

Posted by admin on June 4th, 2006 My cousin is really good at sports, but it’s a long shot that he’ll play at the professional level. A long shot. The doctor had grim news about the cancer: surviving it would be a long shot. A long shot. What does it mean? “A long shot” means that there is only a remote possibiliity of success. This idiom alludes to firearms. Shooting something from far away is very difficult. Review questions If you’re very interested in what someone is saying, are you likely to “zone out”? Answer: No. “Zoning out” means to stop paying attention to what’s going on around you. You’re hungry. What should you grab? Answer: You should grab a bite to eat.