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Adafruit HDC1008 Temperature and Humidity Sensor Breakout

Created by lady ada

Last updated on 2016-09-28 06:00:58 PM UTC


Guide Contents

Guide Contents 2
Overview 3
Pinouts 6
Power Pins: 6
I2C Logic pins: 7
Optional Pins 7
Assembly 8
Prepare the header strip: 8
Add the breakout board: 9
And Solder! 10
Wiring & Test 12
Download Adafruit_HDC1000 13
Load Demo 13
Library Reference 15
Downloads 17
Files 17
Schematics 17
PCB Print 17

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Overview

It's summer and you're sweating and your hair's all frizzy and all you really want to know is
why the weatherman said this morning that today's relative humidity would max out at a
perfectly reasonable 52% when it feels more like 77%. Enter the HDC1008 Temperature +
Humidity Sensor - the best way to prove the weatherman wrong!

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This I2C digital humidity sensor is a fairly accurate and intelligent alternative to the much
simpler Humidity and Temperature Sensor - SHT15 Breakout (http://adafru.it/1638) It has a
typical accuracy of ±4% with an operating range that's optimized from 10% to 80% RH.
Operation outside this range is still possible - just the accuracy might drop a bit. The
temperature output has a typical accuracy of ±0.2°C from -20~85°C.

The HDC1008 sensor chip has 2 address-select pins, so you can have up to 4 shared on a
single I2C bus. It's also 3-5V power and logic safe so you don't need any level shifters or
regulators to use with a 5V or 3V microcontroller

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Such a lovely chip, but only available in a tiny BGA package. So we spun up a breakout
board with the chip and some extra passive components to make it easy to use. Each
order comes with one fully assembled and tested PCB breakout and a small piece of
header. You'll need to solder the header onto the PCB but it's fairly easy and takes only a
few minutes even for a beginner.

Please note: TI has indicated that there's a 'settling' effect for the humidity and that you will
need to re-hydrate the sensor once you receive it. To rehydrate it, place it in a location with
85% humidity for 24 hours or 60% humidity for 10 days.

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Pinouts
The HDC1008 is a I2C sensor. That means it uses the two I2C data/clock wires available
on most microcontrollers, and can share those pins with other sensors as long as they don't
have an address collision. For future reference, the default I2C address is 0x40 but you can
adjust it by connecting the address pins to Vin ('high' logic votlage), for four possible
addresess: 0x40, 0x41, 0x42 or 0x43

Power Pins:
Vin - this is the power pin. Unlike many sensors, this chip can be powered by 3-5
VDC, so there is no voltage regulator on board. Simply power the board with the
same power as the logic level of your microcontroller - e.g. for a 5V micro like
Arduino, use 5V. For a 3V ARM processor, use 3V
GND - common ground for power and logic

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I2C Logic pins:
SCL - I2C clock pin, connect to your microcontrollers I2C clock line. 3-5V logic OK
SDA - I2C data pin, connect to your microcontrollers I2C data line. 3-5V logic OK

Optional Pins
These are pins you don't need to connect to unless you want to!

RDY - This is the interrupt/'ready' pin from the HDC100x. The chip has some
capability to 'alert' you when data is ready to be read from the sensor. We don't use
this pin in our library but it's available if you need it! It is open collector so you need
to use a pull-up resistor if you want to read signal from this pin.
A0 A1 - These are the address select pins. Since you can only have one device with a
given address on an i2c bus, there must be a way to adjust the address if you want to
put more than one HDC100X on a shared i2c bus. The A0/A1 pins set the bottom 2
bits of the i2c address. There are pull-down resistors on the board so connect them to
Vin to set the bits to '1'. They are read on power up, so de-power and re-power to
reset the address

The default address is 0x40 and the address can be calculated by 'adding' the A0/A1 to the
base of 0x40
A0 sets the lowest bit with a value of1, A1 sets the middle bit with a value of2. The final
address is 0x40 + A1 + A0.
So for example if A1 is tied to Vin and A0 is tied to Vin, the address is 0x40 + 2 + 1 = 0x43.
If only A0 is tied to Vin, the address is 0x40 + 1 = 0x41
If only A1 is tied to Vin, the address is 0x42 + 2 = 0x42

In the first revision of the PCB for this design we swapped the silkscreen for A0 and A1 by
accident. Please note A0 is the pin all the way to the left, A1 is one pin to the right. We will
fix in the next order of PCBs!

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Assembly

Prepare the header


strip:

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Cut the strip to length if
necessary. It will be easier to
solder if you insert it into a
breadboard - long pins down

Add the breakout


board:
Place the breakout board over
the pins so that the short pins
poke through the breakout pads

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And Solder!
Be sure to solder all pins for
reliable electrical contact.

(For tips on soldering, be sure to


check out our Guide to Excellent
Soldering (http://adafru.it/aTk)).

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You're done! Check your solder
joints visually and continue onto
the next steps

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Wiring & Test
You can easily wire this breakout to any microcontroller, we'll be using an Arduino. For
another kind of microcontroller, just make sure it has I2C, then port the code - its pretty
simple stuff!

Connect Vin to the power supply, 3-5V is fine. Use the same voltage that the
microcontroller logic is based off of. For most Arduinos, that is 5V
Connect GND to common power/data ground
Connect the SCL pin to the I2C clock SCL pin on your Arduino. On an UNO & '328
based Arduino, this is also known as A5, on a Mega it is also known as digital 21 and
on a Leonardo/Micro, digital 3
Connect the SDA pin to the I2C data SDA pin on your Arduino. On an UNO & '328
based Arduino, this is also known as A4, on a Mega it is also known as digital 20 and
on a Leonardo/Micro, digital 2

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The HDC1008 has a default I2C address of 0x40

Download Adafruit_HDC1000
To begin reading sensor data, you will need to download Adafruit_HDC1000_Library from
our github repository (http://adafru.it/fCi). You can do that by visiting the github repo and
manually downloading or, easier, just click this button to download the zip

Download Adafruit HDC1000 library


http://adafru.it/fCj

Rename the uncompressed folder Adafruit_HDC1000 and check that the


Adafruit_HDC1000 folder contains Adafruit_HDC1000.cpp and Adafruit_HDC1000.h

Place the Adafruit_HDC1000 library folder your arduinosketchfolder/libraries/ folder.


You may need to create the libraries subfolder if its your first library. Restart the IDE.

We also have a great tutorial on Arduino library installation at:


http://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-all-about-arduino-libraries-install-use (http://adafru.it/aYM)

Load Demo
Open up File->Examples->Adafruit_HDC1000->HDC1000test and upload to your Arduino
wired up to the sensor

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Thats it! Now open up the serial terminal window at 9600 speed to begin the test.

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Please note: TI has indicated that there's a 'settling' effect for the humidity and that you will
need to re-hydrate the sensor once you receive it. To rehydrate it, place it in a location with
85% humidity for 24 hours or 60% humidity for 10 days.

Library Reference
The library we have is simple and easy to use

You can create the Adafruit_HDC1000 object with:

Adafruit_HDC1000 hdc = Adafruit_HDC1000()

There are no pins to set since you must use the I2C bus!

Then initialize the sensor with:

hdc.begin()

if you aren't using the default 0x40 i2c address, you can pass in the i2c address tobegin to
have it use that one instead.

hdc.begin(0x42)

this function returns True if the sensor was found and responded correctly andFalse if it

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was not found

Once initialized, you can query the temperature in °C with

hdc.readTemperature()

Which will return floating point (decimal + fractional) temperature. You can convert to
Fahrenheit by multiplying by 1.8 and adding 32 as you have learned in grade school!

Reading the humidity is equally simple. Call

hdc.readHumidity()

to read the humidity also as a floating point value between 0 and 100 (this reads %
humidity)

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Downloads
Files
Datasheet for the HDC1008 sensor on the breakout (http://adafru.it/fCk)
Arduino driver Library (http://adafru.it/fCi)
EagleCAD PCB files on GitHub (http://adafru.it/rDn)
Fritzing object in the Adafruit Fritzing Library (http://adafru.it/aP3)

Schematics

PCB Print
Dimensions in Inches!

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© Adafruit Industries Last Updated: 2016-09-28 06:00:56 PM UTC Page 18 of 18