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LESSON NOTES

Beginner S1 #1
Reserving a Swedish Hotel Room

CONTENTS
2 Swedish
2 English
3 Vocabulary
3 Sample Sentences
4 Vocabulary Phrase Usage
5 Grammar
6 Cultural Insight

# 1
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SWEDISH

1. Hotel receptionist: Hotell Blåsippan. Det här är Sara.

2. Lisa: Hej. Jag heter Lisa Smith och jag vill boka ett rum.

3. Hotel receptionist: Vilken dag kommer du?

4. Lisa: Jag kommer på lördag.

5. Hotel receptionist: Det kostar 900 kronor. Vill du boka det?

6. Lisa: Ja tack. När kan jag checka in?

7. Hotel receptionist: Du kan checka-in från klockan1200 på lördag.

8. Lisa: Okej. Tack så mycket.

9. Hotel receptionist: Tack!

ENGLISH

1. Hotel receptionist: Hotel Blåsippan. This is Sara speaking.

2. Lisa: Hi. My name is Lisa Smith, and I want to book a room.

3. Hotel receptionist: What day are you coming?

4. Lisa: I will come on Saturday.

5. Hotel receptionist: It costs 900 crowns. Would you like to book it?

CONT'D OVER

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6. Lisa: Yes, please. When can I check in?

7. Hotel receptionist: You can check in after twelve o'clock on Saturday.

8. Lisa: Okay. Thank you so much.

9. Hotel receptionist: Thank you!

VOCABULARY

S w e dish English C lass

dag day noun

från from preposition

att boka book verb

rum room noun

vilken what pronoun

komma come verb

när when adverb

att checka in check in verb

att vilja to want verb

kosta to cost verb

SAMPLE SENTENCES

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Jag tränar en dag i veckan. Jag åker från Stockholm till Göteborg
imorgon.
"I work out one day a week."
"I going from Stockholm to Gothenburg
tomorrow."

Jag kommer att boka ett bord på Det finns ett rum kvar.
restaurang Blåsippan.
"There is one room left."
"I will reserve a table at restaurant
Blåsippan."

Vilken är din favorit färg? Flickan kom emot filmkameran.

"What is your favorite color?" "The girl came towards the video camera."

När åker du till Italien? När fyller du år?

“When are you going to Italy?” "When is your birthday?"

När kommer du ikväll? Det tog lång tid att checka in.

"When are you coming tonight?" "It took a long time to check in."

Jag skulle vilja resa till Italien. Det får mig att vilja hoppa av glädje.

"I would like to travel to Italy." "It makes me want to jump for joy."

Lagning kostar alltid en hel del.

"Repairs always cost quite a lot."

VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE

från ("from)"

Från is a preposition that we used in this lesson's dialogue together with a specific time
reference to refer to something that will happen from a certain point in time. In this case, Lisa

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is told that she can check in after twelve o'clock. We can also use the preposition från when
we talk about going from one destination to another. For example, if I want to say "I went from
Stockholm to Copenhagen," I will say Jag åkte från Stockholm till Köpenhamn.

att boka ("to book")

We commonly use this verb in Swedish when we want to communicate that we have booked
a hotel room or a table at a restaurant. We can also use it when we are talking about tickets
for different events, such as plays, cinemas, or concerts. Another verb that we can use as a
synonym for the verb "book" is the verb att reservera ("to reserve").

GRAMMAR

The Focus of This Lesson Is the Usage of the Modal Verb Vill and Verbs in the Present
Tense.
...jag vill boka ett rum.
"...I want to book a room."

Since the overall focus of this lesson is to learn how to make a hotel reservation in Swedish,
the key phrase that has been selected is the one above where we express a wish, in this case
the wish to book a room. Forming these kinds of sentences might seem difficult at a first
glance, but as you will find, the structure of these sentences is quite straightforward.

Let us first look at the verbs in the above sentence. There are two verbs, att vilja (to want) and
att boka ("to book"), that appear in the sentence. The first verb is a modal verb, and here it is
put in in its present tense form, vill ("want"). It might be good to know that vill does not change
in its present tense: it stays the same for all persons. It is followed by the verb att boka ("to
book"), which is here put in its infinitive form but without its preposition "to." This sentence
structure is not only useful when you want to make a hotel reservation but also for all other
situations when you want to express a desire to do something. Let us look at some examples
of sentences that use this structure.
For Example:

1. Jag vill äta pannkaka.


"I want to eat pancakes."

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2. Han vill åka till USA.
"He wants to go to the U.S."

3. De vill resa till Sverige.


"They want to travel to Sweden."

4. Vi vill checka in nu.


"He wants to check in now."

The Use of Present Tense Verbs in Swedish

In this lesson's dialogue, there are also some other verbs present, namely är, heter, kommer,
and kostar. There are certain general rules for how to form present tense verbs in Swedish,
and we will come back to them at a later stage, but for now, we will only focus on the
situations when we use verbs in their present tense. We can divide the situations that verbs in
their present tense describe into three categories. Most commonly, present tense is explained
as a tense that describes something that is or are happening right now. Present tense can,
however, also describe something that usually happens but also something that will happen
in the future.

CULTURAL INSIGHT

Hotel Rooms in Sweden

In this lesson, we have learned how to make a hotel reservation. Here, we made the
reservation over the phone, but if you find it easier, you can also make a hotel reservation
over the Internet. However, actually calling the hotel yourself is a great way of practicing your
Swedish, so next time why don't you give it a try? Of course, there are other benefits to calling
the hotel yourself: for example, this will allow you to ask more detailed questions about check-
in and checkout times and about what is included in the price.

Breakfast is, for the most part, included in the price when booking a hotel room in Sweden.
What is actually served naturally varies, but most hotels in Sweden serve a continental-style
breakfast, which might be a great opportunity to try some Swedish delicacies.

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As for checkout times, this is something that some hotels might be flexible with, so if you need
your room for a few more hours, make sure to ask.

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