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Classification of musical instruments

Idiophones, such as the xylophone, which produce sound by vibrating themselves

Membranophones, such as drums or kazoos, which produce sound by a vibrating membrane
Chordophones, such as the piano or cello, which produce sound by vibrating strings
Aerophones, such as the pipe organ or oboe, which produce sound by vibrating columns of air

Sacred music
Sacred Music: Motet
One of the significant genres of sacred Renaissance music was the motet. A motet can be defined as an
unaccompanied choral composition based on a sacred Latin text. In general, motets used religious texts
not used in the Mass, since because by this time, the Mass already had standardized music. Motets were
often polyphonic, meaning there were various vocal parts sung at the same time. Though motets started
being written in the late Medieval Era (ca. 1200), they developed greatly in and are most associated with
the Renaissance Era.

Sacred Music: Mass

While the Mass had already been set to music in the Medieval Era, composers continued writing new
iterations, many of which included elaborate polyphonic sections.