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major equipment

Coal pulverizer
Rice straw pulverizer
Combined Coal Pressurization Gasification & Slag Handling
Heat exchanger
Cooler
Heater
Air separation unit
Compressor
CO2 & H2S treatment
Absorber & stripper
Reactor
Gasifier
Water gas shift reactor
FT reactor
Separator
Distillation column
Flash drum
Turbine
Steam turbine
Gas turbine
unit PEC( $) CE INDEX
1 10,570,824 632.6 350 Coal feed
1 5,841,510 632.6 150 Rice straw feed
1 42,985,838 632.6 500 Coal+rice straw feed

16 14,400,000 632.6
4 2,806,720 632.6
1 63,190,263 632.6 7117.19 Oxy feed
1 90,897,631 632.6 707959.06 Power required

4 1,477,996 632.6

1 226,161,474 632.6 500 Coal+rice straw feed


2 5,792,022 632.6
1 3,000,000 632.6

1 749,182 632.6
3 2,186,100 632.6

3 16,386,435 632.6
1 109,174,861 632.6
Total ###
Hoffman thesis
Hoffman thesis
Hoffman thesis

Hoffman thesis
matche

column D=2.7m http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/chemical/peters/data/ce.html

Hoffman thesis
Hoffman thesis

Carbon steel (D column


http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/chemical/peters/data/ce.html
2.7)
http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/chemical/peters/data/ce.html

http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/chemical/peters/data/ce.html
http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/chemical/peters/data/ce.html
1. Major equipment total purchase cost: PCE(USD) Factor, f
Equipment erection, f1 0.45
Piping, f2 0.45
Instrumentaion, f3 0.15
Electrical, f4 0.1
Buildings, process, f5 0.1
Utilities, f6 0.45
Storage, f7 0.2
Site development, f8 0.05
Ancillary building, f9 0.2

2. Total purchase physical plant cost (PPC)


PPC = PCE (1+f1+…+f9) 595,620,856 3.15
PPC(USD)
Design & engineering, f10 0.25
Contractor's fee, f11 0.05
Contigency, f12 0.1
Fixed capital = PPC (1+f10+f11+f12) ### 1.4

3. Working capital
15% of fixed capital

Total capital cost


(USD) (RM)

1,876,205,696 ### curency(9/10/10)

### ###

394,003,196.25 ###

### ###
Column1 Column2 Column3 Column4

Present worth
Year, n Cash flow (P/F,10%,n)
(PW)
(RM) (RM)
0 1
1 0 0.91 0
2 0 0.83 0
3 0 0.75 0
4 0 0.68 0
5 0 0.62 0
6 0.56
7 0.51
8 0.47
9 0.42
10 0.39
11 0.35
12 0.32
13 0.29
14 0.26
15 0.24
16 0.22
17 0.2
18 0.18
19 0.16
20 0.15
21 0.14
22 0.12
23 0.11
24 0.1
25 0.09
Column5

Cumulative PW

(RM)
Rate of production (tonne/month)
Total income (all product sold, RM)
Fixed cost (FC, RM)
0 0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000
16000
18000
20000
22000
24000
26000
28000
30000
Variable cost(VC, RM) Total cost (FC + VC, RM)
0
Total total
Operating labor RM USD

Capacity (ton/year)
Labour operating hours (hrs/year)
Minimum number of labor per shift 13
Total number of labour 65
Salary per labour per month 1200
Total operating labour cost per year 936,000 300,675

Total
Supervision RM
Minimun number of supervisor per shift 3
Total number of supervisor per shift 11
Salary per supervisor per month 2000
Total supervisor cost per year 264000 84,806

Variable operating cost unit cost Quantity (tonne/year)


Raw material
1.Coal 199.42 3066000
3.Rice straw (Catalyst) 245.44 1314000
4.Iron (FT Catalyst) 429.52 51657.72
Total raw material cost

Utilities
miscellaneous material

Total variable operating cost

Fixed operating cost Total cost (RM) total cost (USD)


Maintenance ### 131,334,398.75
Operating labour 936,000 300,674.59
Supervision 264,000 84,805.65
Plant Overhead 468,000 150,337.30
Capital charges ### 262,668,797.50
Insurance 81,768,796.66 26,266,879.75
Local taxes 81,768,796.66 26,266,879.75
Royalties 81,768,796.66 26,266,879.75

Total fixed operating cost 1,473,506,340 473,339,653.04

sales expense and R&D 384,918,065 123,648,591.35

Annual production cost 2,951,038,497 947,972,533.70

Annual revenue 661,165,726.00


Annual gross profit (before taxed) (286,806,807.70)
Annual net profit (after taxed)
Total cost (RM) total cost (USD)

611,421,720 196,409,162
322,508,160 103,600,437
22,188,024 7,127,537.39
956,117,904 307,137,135.85

95,611,790 30,713,713.58
40,884,398 13,133,439.88

1,092,614,093 350,984,289.31

187200
Production (m3/hr)Gasoline(L/year) Sell price($/L) Annual sell price($/year)
4.11 36003600 0.45 16,093,609

Diesel(bbl/year) Sell price($/bbl)


6.67 367730.15 66.2 24,343,736

Production (lb/hr) Wax(lb/year) Sell price($/lb)


58938 516296880 0.22 114,049,981

Electric (kW) Sell price ($/kWh)


1,200,000 0.05 506,678,400

661,165,726.00