This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
It is a device for moving a fluid place to another thru pipes and channels. 1 Types of pumps a. Positive displacement -reciprocating -rotary b. Kinetic -centrifugal pumps -special 2.Data Gathering -Plot plan -Piping and Instrumentation diagram -Pump Vendor drawing -References and practices -Standards (supports, dimension) -Specification 3.Conceptual layout -Perspective (isometric dwg.) -Plan view 4.Sketches in detail dimension -Detail component -Verification and total dimension 5.Layout execution work flow, Pump arrangement -Pump spacing -Pump foundation height & size -Pump maintenance / inspection space -Ditch 6.Line flow around pump, Piping arrangement a.Suction Piping (Piping assembly): -Straight run -Reducer -Strainer -Support -Valve -Drain
Discharge Piping (Piping assembly): -Reducer -Discharge valve -Check valve -Drain -Support c.b.Auxilliary piping -Pump cooling piping -Vent and Drain piping -Mechanical seal piping -Flushing oil piping -Quenching steam piping .
building. If a drain pocket should be produced in the piping . considering the vibration of piping between the sleeper and compressor (a long line is liable to suffer vibration). and each foundation from combining. -The compressor should be installed at such a height that a pocket portion should not be produced in the process piping between the sleeper and compressor. Basic layout -A number of electric and instrumentation cables are used for the compressor. a free drain line should be adopted to prevent the accumulation of gas condensate in the line. the distance between this compressor and the control room/substation should be as close as possible. to provide measures for piping vibration-proofing. 2.The following studies are conducted in the planning to establish piping around compressor 1. Sleeper -A compressor suction line and a discharge line are liable to suffer vibration. -The layout of sleepers should be studied to prevent vibration from directly transmitting the surrounding building. b. in order to avoid the transmission and effect of the vibration from the compressor. structure and equipment. sleeper piping should be adopted and the area for this piping should be secured. Installation height The items to be studied in determining the installation height are as follows: -The distance between the drain piping and operating floor level for the compressor snubber should be 150mm or larger. -Basically. -As electrical and instrumentation cables are used for the compressor. Also. Therefore. in consideration of the operation of the compressor in case of an emergency. etc. General items -As piping handles gaseous liquid. The sleeper should be as close to the compressor as possible. Piping arrangement a. Layout philosophy -The compressor should be laid out to minimize the pressure loss of the system on the suction side. these lines are arranged on the sleeper to facilitate the fixing of these lines. -The compressor should be laid out to facilitate maintenance work. -In particular. from coming closer. d. Layout a. care should be taken to prevent the compressor and other items of equipment. this compressor should be laid out close to the control room and substation. c.
-Piping supports should preferably be provided on the ground to facilitate vibration measures. -If trench piping is adopted around the compressor. the manufacturer fixes the nozzle orientation. Therefore. of the piping connected to the compressor should be installed to facilitate the operation of the switch-off operation of the compressor.system. etc. unless otherwise instructed. However. -Strainer: Fine mesh screens are generally used for the suction-line strainers in the process compressor during the initial startup operation. b. etc. -The route of each line should be shortest. Unless there is no problem in the access. Also. Discharge piping The discharge-piping route should be planned after studying the following items. it is preferable to install the strainer as close to the compressor nozzle as possible. it is preferable to install ground piping (support) in view of vibration-proofing measure. -Valve layout: A suction valve is operated in connection with the operation of the startup and shutdown of the compressor. -The piping route should be planned not to hinder the compressor operation and maintenance. measures should be provided to allow drain to be completely drawn off. and these items can be operated from the access way for inspection. Suction piping -Piping arrangement on the sleeper facilitates the installation of supports from the ground. instruments. which becomes advantageous for vibration-proofing measures. Nozzle orientation -As in the case of other rotary machinery. thereby allowing the economic design of the structure. . compressor outlet piping and steam piping connected to the turbine driver should be flexible enough not to cause a problem due to thermal expansion (effect on equipment nozzle). b1. satisfy process requirements and know which line requires measures against vibration and thermal stress. b2. b3. In this method. in advance. Also. the installation point of valves. Detailed piping arrangement After piping engineers understand the line flow. It is therefore preferable to lay out the valve as close to the compressor as possible. Therefore. they should arrange lines in detail and plan piping supports. the installation point of each nozzle is automatically fixed from type and constructional viewpoints. studies should be done on whether or not gas (especially propane gas which is heavier than air) accumulate within the trench and involves risk. lines should be arranged on the sleeper as far as possible. is not high. -Piping arrangement aiming mainly at vibration-proofing. This arrangement method is generally more used. bearing in mind the concurrent action of piping vibration due to liquid pulsation and piping stress due to piping thermal expansion arising from compressed heat. the gas liquid handled does not condense with steam trace heating. instruments. -The valves.
. -Vibration-proofing supports are used as supports used exclusively for vibration proofing of piping. of layout and installation of support types (typical) for vibrating lines around the compressor.-Valve layout: The basic valve layout of the discharge line should be as in the case of the foregoing “Layout of Suction Valves”. U-bolts should not used for large vibration load lines. satisfactory constraint cannot be expected. b.). Therefore. -If piping supports are installed directly from buildings. should be studied. (As U-bolts are in linear contact with the pipe in the axial direction. support measures must be provided by fully considering these conditions. a. Support installation clearance The proper supporting clearance of supports is determined based on the vibration analysis results of the piping system. U-bands or straps should be used. -Vibration-proofing supports of bolting construction should be of double-nut types. designed and selected according to the following pertinent standards. the vibration of buildings. c. Support Plan In order to satisfy these two contradictory conditions. etc. which vibrates along with thermal expansion. The major objective of the sleeper around the compressor is to arrange lines in a group. The following covers the considerations. 3. etc. as in the case of normal sleepers. Support type -The types of supports can be identified by the difference in the hardware to be fixed to the top surface of the foundation. Instead.. Considerations in support installation • U-bolts should not be used as far as possible. Piping supports must basically be planned. etc.
Masalah instalasi di nozzle compressor .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.