The new version ~

the most effective course of s ken, everyday Japanese

Association for Japanese--Language Teaching

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KODANISH,A I'NT,E'RNAT~ONAL

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Prerface to the Revised Edition Introdaction

,Ackn,owled\gments

'Writing' and Pronunciation Characteristics of Japanese Grammar Useful Daily' Expresskms

Sign :.' 'S:' in ," D' i!i""l!,ly",' L-:-' ife ,

(JLt- .... ' -. ~ _ - -. CI.I1,L, '. 1.11,.- ..

. '-

Lesso 'n,

eg.: I

7 a- 10 11 14

15,

16

1· In troda " cti :·0' In's':'

!iii '. 1L.J" - .,._. . ., ~ _

19 25 31 38 44 ,52

60'"

-"

Lesson 2: Address and Telephone Number Lesson 3: 'Day' and Time

Lesson, Lesson Lesson,

Les,~ son

".,,' • <._>:____

,4: How M'uch?

5: Counting 'Objects 6: 'Go,ing and Coming 7: 'Going by Taxi

8.. 'E'·· xistence of P .. ~114 and . Thin" " .. '·lIIa,~.

_.. _. ,;IIi;,J""'" _' ,... '. " ':_:" ...... ~r .. ~" - - I ~. ~~

Lesson, 9: Place, Location

Le 10 T- k Bo~' hi

sson .', .:, -t ic sets a ".~: ug ~ t

Les so '.,: n 11',' iii! R, ' •. ea ,ding': '!"" R',AVl' ~e-"w': ,

", • '. 't 1] ,- ... !II . . . . . '.' ..... . ~ __ :_. _ ..

72 78 85! 18'7 94

103,

lOB 113

Lesson '12: 'Telephoning Lesson '1,3: Delicious Cakes

Lesson 14: Yesterday's Enjoyabl,e Kabuki Lesson, 15: IGivin,g and Receiving

Lesson 16: ,Asking Preferences

Lesson 1'7:: Invitation to '1. Party Lesson '18: Ownershlp and Events Lesson, 19: Doiing This and That

l' . .-,-----, .'l.'IO'·'IIII!1!- R~-:.~q··~'~·ie .. · .. sts and Orders

~I &J _, 1 _ ~._. IWJ .... _._.~. __ fVJI: _ ~ ~

Lesson 2'1': Hamg Things Done LeSSOD. .2,2: 'Public Transportation Lesson, ,23: Asking Permission Lesson 2,"_,·· Refusal

~~.J~1. _ ':I;!.l . ', .... I~ _ __:.

119

1213 ....

_~f • ...:..:....

129~'

: .....

13.6 141 1.44 14·9

154,: .'

[ '. ~l :.. . "

Le sson 2:·:·5·'1!i Now '01'°'..-·-· Pr -"-O-:-::'g" r A~a

_~-, .... : ,.'!j 'J •..• ':-I'~' .~~:; .. , I~

158 1613 167 '1' 7'3'~"

.. :{ .. '

Le jC!,~"D 2:6/~ R:' 'ea ding Re vie :W··'· ,:'

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·1'.,-) .... ~nl'i!1l 2~ ,7; iii PI~' resen - ,- C'~_'O'" aditio 01

,~""-'rIdll, t_, [.!I "," ....... ~ .. ' __ . . _,' ~ . w, ~ ",

T - ......... · ..... ·DI 2.:8··-,·jjj ~:vn.a~ei1l"iIg·:'-: Preferences

~ , , . !.' D~y,I..I~~I.:, . , .JL Cl,~,.IL ~ .~ ~ . J

Less .... · .. ·_. 2'·': .9.111 Din .. ··'~i .. '~'_-' . Ou· ..... ····, rt

. SSOD ~~'" :: .• ' ... ~ InK· / ~.

C-Le' 3"0' 'Rea' ding -R' ,~

'''~sson' .', .'.= .. : ....• .. : .... ' .. -, 1-"--···· ... ' ·e .. ·V!·· ... · e·~···w··'

..... ,',,',. :",' . _ '.' L. _...: I -,-:". __ . _' - '. r " ' •. : '," " •••• - •.

182 187

Apl,,~I;lI,dic: :e· S , ~. ~~ .

A· Particles

'8. Interrogatives

C; Sentence Patterns

D, A~ d I; aA':"!I'h~1 _ • . : ~ ~~u y'I;~'

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: I" .••.

1914 1'915

1'19"6:

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199'- '-'.

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,200 200

"l\00""'\ 1:1) .. - .' '.'

2011 20.2 204 204

,206

211 219 226

E. Verb IConjruga'uuDS, F II 1£.0;.8 o- ,. <0

G,., Country, N·atlonality:J. Language

HI - .. - C'o"" 'mm-i -.- nii'iii J' ap'Ii!'lI'D':QaD, N- :-8''''' 'meg-'-' - ..

. ' .. I. : , . __ V.III'" : ... ~. ", a· ",",~. . _'._ _ .. J

L C'oU'n·te·:n

J. Exte'nl; :Fr:equency'" ·Quantity

I,K::'!I!. Tim ~ e"1 'G'V"I'ii1r,as· '·!Il.'r!';nnl'll:~.

_1_[ ·'~il'·v,·-~.al

.L.. Parts of the Face and; :Body

' .... 'Ks ~""

1'1.1 .' ··""-I1J'1

Qmz. Answers

la···' 'IUll'ne·,IC!!e- ·-'E···· DI . ,,...ll~,eh· IG···· .)- 0-:"8' . ~1'!l1I'ru'

[.'j~.' ~", I' p-", .. !, .... r~ ...... Q. .... rJ

Engtish Ja~panese: IGlossary Index

'P·RE··IFIIA··· C-EI 'T" ·0 .. ······ :T'HE": .: 'RE' :,' :I'VI····~--S·-'E·'·'D··· E":D"''-'IT'- I O·:·-··N--·· r, ···-:

. " . : .. '. " I:' :,- ; " ,.- ~ .'. " .: '1[' !" __ ',' .1 >"" . /' -:' ',', .,'j I_:______:_ •• :. . ••.... J ,_", .. '.",' ~ _ '._ .. :

Wh· . ,. ilJ'" ,~ B - - D 1"-1 . 1 '. f,;t, . t -- - 'bu ,- eel ;0 . '198" 4" ~ n'- _ .. ed" 1wT' l-,. - --

en, j',Qya n e.' Iv' :IIS)' .r,loF,~e ~. 'waSllrS PUlI- __ .', _ In,:· ~ .. ',,10': ow .~_ U,'Y Japa.'

''Or B~~JHJIl)(lQ~e II in 1990 -tie 'Httl'e exeected th'-Ir.:a, lovef'9lhel~:"1f sueeess that these

11- . "'M''!!!''~ .re I~,r .' '. . : .... :, ",'1- ,-'-- __ :_ ~~ ..... " _,~,_. _ ,_' I.' I1lm.D ~U_<.:_._ - . . ..... ' ".

books have e:njoyed" not o'nly within Japan but. among students ,a'n,d, teachers the

-,-.-:--ld' .. ,: ...... I, '[" ' :.' . ~" -. '-"'--1'" thi .. " ..... ,·'i ed .- d it ~ ';.-" " , . .- ha . t ake ." t·_. . '. '.-.' ":·,·'''n' t·-·· th t.

worl. ,'. over, .. m preparing ' ... IS, revisee emuon, we ave tasen In '0, accoun e

-.' ...... '.' --'. "-'-; .'. d" ... ~.-- .'. ·tf' : f' 00' · .. oth ... - .. ..4l-: -- io,· ". - id t .'- ch -' :--:;, ':-'-~:h:-"-" hav -' ....... ..eo.A1 tb: L ·e··c" .' .' -- -, .' ..

. responses, an-. lcomme~n. s' o ... 1.,1 - ,s,"m,u,en,~s an·IJeac en, W,' .. O .! ave u~.. . cour,se.

The revlsions to Bock I are 'minor :m, nature, 1'I1d, main.ly cODsis,t of :1111811 amend: nents to make the gtammatic[·_I, exp~ana:tion's ie8,Sier to' underetand, t:OI add furth,er' .- / .... - 1- ':-n"!J' 't~;o'_"ln,a of '! '., , ... , I It··, .. -·· that w'e" dJj·I'!li.· .. · .', i :".- .. '. [.- d- stude ·,t··, h'~ d 'd:: :~'f-·'f-~~u':ll'y.' '., I,":t': h'·:· and to

exp,_JILJ;~c~'~>, '_I,Q 0,1 POID .5;1 IJ., .. c_:a..!l.-_.:'. :_ ,seovere::__ ~ __ I .:_,eD:S _8, ,-,--1,-, . ..-'1"", __ '':,.' Wl" ,c_:" ,g,_c_c,_, _"

in -- ~1~Ci; th-.· ie na tur . ': ralness '0", f: pra ro'--' ic ',0. sentences and dia ~'oc'lm'l_as-:, In:" B" ,.;,1..1I:":nn ~.A·m';1 e new

, Ld.~a~· '. ,1il'i1 .. ,-,_ [illlILI -.aD ,"" ",',. _ -: . -'.~ r~_ •. _~ _:_ ft'~ i3 I . • .' ... :Jl.L 5W.C·· ~ . ' .. UWfu..V~~ ~v. .. c. L !~"

....11':: h L. , ~ I d'l_1I11 ·1;:_'·~'IR ti 'I '" t to. t tt

appenwces nave ~J_J. me U:I~, u..,u.i.I.g parucies, mterroganves, sentence pia terns,

d tho j.,_ ",i;; trod- d .. h L"ii_'

an .: - . e.: KaNJ' introduced :In the VOll,wiie~,

'-M"-nr'e':' funda .'~'-: ··t '1 .. -e···· '-:~'~';o':'''n'~ 'La"", -', been 'm"a'" e to B-~:- ok ("1' 'l"l1I"hl'"'I!'fi'h' h as :. e en

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larger 'typef:ace to be used throughout, making :it, easier tlO read, Va.riollS other

- ~

eha ng'" '''ea··· he" ve bee "', n maid::' e In 10, rder t 0"·1 rna- iake the transitio n from .... ··· Boo .. :,k I' to I B'· 0"""0" ·k:· Il

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smOO.L.I. er, LO renoer UI,e mtroe DCI OD 01£ new grammauea e emen .•... ciearer, anc .. 0

t .- I to di'-'· ,- d te

P· resen more :natura p. rae Ice .~ -a_O~~~~SI 8'0-:.: eeD'.-(-:-ncel~1

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'D..ana .. tion Aif" ~'I.':~l ~~~'L..-Ak·: ~~ ba-'~''''''''''..I 0"-'0' 'ml' o"'re; " th''-''-'I' n twen "ty-,~;- 'V~I!!ii .... t1!!:' e',-'''V'J1,P-'r,,;anI'lG .nf

,A, '.~I'.,, __ ~ \1.1:. VL ;IIJ11ii ILlCALLftIU:_" ~I ',', tlC(I ,,',[' 1 • .: - c. ',~ ,_' _ ~, __ , lL"ll;i . 3·~~,[g . '~r'~ ,I~ [~; U 1

AJ~,_,'I speciaBy I. _i-~lIined, staff in, :teacbing: 'beginning 'tln-'Qugh advanced Japanese ttl

stud· .-'.'- an·~ I.--m-' a- ~mj!llte· ~lv ~o' ,riD countries P nor "toe.,. '111!\1i'1'b"i"'ill!I":on:'- "L._, ma',: -, - terial W·' as

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_____ li;_ .... __ ,.IIIr~,.,ii"ii;~ 11'_ .. ~L_ '-','1'-0.-.- ,- '.--- ··'~th "'bo-" ,,- t- fI),OO"'" -·t,", .. ,A_-",t", md , ....... , ", '" ,_'

,re¥lcwcw iUW '~I.CU, m IBm' Ic.ssrloom WJ,.~_,' a >~u. ,~i": 8, l,uueD is,, ,an;.: . eYlS DnSI were'

d '

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~n L ..... 'ul- to ~:ftI""'edi-""ft II~.A "'m· C'h tra~~';oftiiil'] -~h'!iiqb~ - Th' S1JIll'""' plil.o;sti"~c 0' - C'L:iI1;,;;'1~-'1

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wa_fS 1. __ ~I',-n I.UWW m, ,most. ~.uUlU--a teAlA') ,Qi DO, OOCIID", .. ",Il.ll.l ... ' V1i,)"'~,,,wary " ,.1

,If,ammar' pa,ttlems ,baye' beea 'limited to about one-third '0.1' those in the ordinary

be ~ ,~ .a~ .,;,1.._ 's. ' '" 'L.... 'L, ..... _ mad- aft L .• 'II tud f the- .. ' , . ,., ..

IiJUUDI '~~, :UK:: se.lectiOD. ImS, oeen n > : e iH .er a careful. S nc Y' 10', . ~ i· ... ·· Situations in,

'LJ' "b- ." ,i , ... - ~.- L,_ " t" ~.aiiI'JI'Lo, J" ,-", ,- .. - ,,- 'Tb": - -, -b'·' , ,t"' .. :"' ,", '.' 1..,11,·· .,L.-- 'to -",AI: -,.

:wC- ' , ,Io,rBllDer8 mar 'M,ve . i:O g~, ,a,paneRil' ."" e 0, ::;,ec ave ,11 I~O enau,e u.le S DueR",

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I,D' 0 _I:.CW,I rUle WJJU:I., ..... dllgJ)wO I, I, e I~I, ao,u .... 0 COJlDllUlll,u-ca.. WItiI e or mw waD", I", ~~

iD uncomplicated 'b---:, ,tullIlllaDgUale~ The sitress is not IJimpiY on grammatical aceuraMr- ea=,:' r-~£'lIiil p~Diide'-ra'~i"D ha's" 'bee1o-- mve-, =_'n to th- Q, actualli:nrtn'I'1stic p-::at'-~Qm---:;-ID in jap' 'an-

I' .~.~#~ ' .. -_~mw '~i: _-. '1 __ rY ,'r', ._,,:.,-,."-~, 1 __ " ,-'II ," , .~ ·;T'~.·. ,-'_' ·'iIiIt:~D'~':---_:: ~,.,,:_ ',,,~_. ~ ,II,',' ['., ~~'" I

lese commUDicatiOll.

T, _,;n1 .. ._ .1._.' --,--~ ,-, -" -, - ~ii1 ',,', ''',,' .,..1.,-, -c ---,,' ,,-"', - -" de "', ,..,'1.. 'N"', ,.'" t ," .';~A' 1'·'--

'. ,0' I~I~' Ule ,coarse CU,ecIU,¥~f. concise rererenee is mal'- e m me ,,' ores J)' IIAIC un-

;OIliiie''':- customs ,",,",-,,..I1er':-'ivin,o' - :-'DQ; "o:'mm-:': '- amicatioa pattern .-,s-' 'T'~'e:-' Grammar sections

a,-.!J~1I..M.r ""I .. 'LU, u , ,',. WWI, 'J~-e' ,' .. ~ I""., "'. I ',' ~'" ,Ur'" , I, . .- a ,~' ,I, ~ '" ",Ill, ,'_ ... 'iIiUi,l ... U, .... , ~,J -: ", I"

'1[_:'- j,.'L, "_,_.h,,,,~ d ,;0 I " il ILn f' J h '~'t ~ th ,J..

'~\Uwl, "l.IJe~;w~Uv.~~~: an I. grammatiCJJ , pnnC1PI~1 OJ '_ ,a,pane-Sew >,eDever' t, IS ~ _. _,oog;l:~t

·that sucb, cxplamtiooa woukt 'be be'lpfuJ in, unde rstandin.g' and a,pplying the COn,Yel"SI,OO!DaI patts1ms pre'lel1ted. 'G,rammal" and 'voca!buia'ry' are made availa'ble to' the. student as necessary, but :he is DOt overburdened by' hiving to learn excessiVe, amuun'ts

10£,';' either -= for' so-:- Pna """r-,.JIe,·,c-ed' ,,- £'rhl'li~-a .r.O'O-i ~:nI(1ency"-" ,',,',.', ~ ,~W,_" ~ .. ","" '.&&~~ 'W;nJl .,1m ~ ,~_' ,1,Ull-1u.l'~ ~v.. -.I~ft,··, I .. iii

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AI&: .. 'ft'I'I,ftl.. .. iLi~a "S an' m~t tr ,_ .... -', "t" -" ,t~'-_.. it ,d' -!n.ail!!'iP'AJii, •• t.ll . I - ,,-, ·Uliod'- f" ,~~ ~., . \~" t· ,.'~ .... . ~n[ 't-~'h", 'e'"

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SIrlUU:I' o.~ .a:plne.~l' ,alc ,3 ,-USUer leYeJ~ ,~very SLlU"en a ,Ow. -,> a:le~o, O,~,~ a ,go ••

1~iC!jp of' J~Ult what ' ':~'ad o.f·- laM:i7;lnf7l1 J~alWnese is 'wbile leaming····. the 'basic ccnversa~

I~'~~ ~" ",'~ _ "'_~ .'. :: , .. _';n_, ,_ .. _~ 1._:",. r _ ~!IJ!.,iMt-~V' " ;~_ I, , " '.' -. I." .' j ••• ' • ~_ ~".' '_-', ~ " ,'- -' " " ", ',. ','_'

'ti,QOal :paUem,s~, Beea,uls' of t.hiS, it: should, 'be of value not onPy t,o peop:~e' 'W~hol a-Ill'

,":.- "--,_',' ·'hin-'-"··· 'C,' J-'.- >- ",.',' ',""'-' "t'il-""" ,,:,1-:'::-'1-' t", .. ,'-', b ,"t "'" " ""'-""d" "-,,,,~,-.~"::-,:-,--, !I,C!-: "-'-="':"~'I"'" ,b·'_.

a,p:proac . _ ,-,,,I .. ' a,panese ,O:f .- I,e .lr5. _me' "u a ,so ,I, goo·, r,e'Vlew 101' .peo:p ,I@ W, ,0'

. - -

,alre,aif3y know a little Ja'~.'lnelel' b~ t wish t,o c,ooiirm,w'h,etbe.r 'they Ir"e uall',K the

hr. th- " know- ... 'til' riP"· t' '!'t' . ~

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.'. .,' amoun ,OJJl . • •. e ,n~ =-~, 1,0 '.:~. _~l pm , .... ' uuS oourse Wlu, ,BI~,,~.ra~y V,BIj', ucpell:IWnK

'C',' th·,··'; ·,...:I:''':d·-';'''I' 1- In-"'-' AJ-" IAL: . T' .:' .·:.1[_,.,.·.· '. ,1.,.,:-L mee' ,,"t':, ,1,:-'- .. ,-, ·two"-,-,---" ~ -, d-I ' 'ba-',' "If" 'h"ftIi,t'rS' .• d"I' -:-, fi;:-'~-

on,. e mW,V',IL 1IioI',I ~ ,__::_._ -_,-'" C,IiI-ISeS, WIUI;J.I, ,I ~ ~) .. Ior ~.' . an a .•.. ,JUILU,'_ .. '..:.~ ,'Ii _Ive

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.... D'fII, ".ft +L_a,a, h:rtuI'I'PO a da-'" a·rec-' 'o--aad''-ed--'' 'f'~o'-'r nrp'···~·a'ti,iion'" '~'n '-I r--a-Vl'"e"U'

IL-W~U lJ\I l'_t~U. ~I . \! .Iy .... ii;II ~. :_ _'~Ij. [ __ I :, [~_,~," .. ,. I.~:.:,...;~., .... 1. 1 -_ ,", . 1 p) r.~_1 '1 ~l.~r, _. ',;'n'"

'D~,,~,·, - go-- ,-, ,I'd' , ", t" '. " , ''''''':''''''''. -" ,-;e"D' .. ,1: - ,.._;, ." ·d'i . ,", "-',' , ~""'e' 'P"'!-: -,e- "0' .'t" d! ,'"'- " ,t, 'h' ~', ',' '--< d·'· ~',Dit,Q!IC .', .1 ell n wrtl..-,IIJ,g;. prO_,',UDClaILion ,an:· ,grammar ,-': ,·c,.rese ,:e. ,m ' . Ie llmme~_1-

-"6'11-" ~.- '11 ".' ,t, "- ".,~ .' - ,,,,,,'t'- '-'h'l!' h ""., 'u' ,I:. -I D"" '!,)_ '~, ",.- ,- .. "E . ,. d- S-A -. !'

a:mJJ,Y IOI:OWIng ,seC:uODS" ail.e:f .hIIC. 1 oo:m,e __:·se']fI~I :\.I_Y ~xpreSSIO I, an -~Jgns, In

8

'D'··, .... :I )' ~:.f Th' - II '. cU"·" d i - ~~..... A- tb "4' . - - - &:L,

_ .. ~y' £Jj-,e,. ",e mam, text IS t ~Vl< e.', moo tbirt,y ,u=sson;sl:t ;'Il~e en ~ , OJ[ the book are tne

,AppeDdice.s., Quiz Answen.. ,GIo&.ries and ,lndex~l Nearly' ,all iof' the lessons Ideal 'with ,COD'" ver:SI:tion,al :silna'ti,on,s~ These: are suppllemented, by :'OU[' r~ading and review lessons~

'The ,two modes ,of' communication. oral and written, are different" I'n a, conversa,-' tioua), s,ituI'non" speake'r and, "stener Share, ,I ,good deal of' infonna,oool' In, ,8, natural

eo ';i'¥n';e" rsation m ueh 0',:" 1"'14o,:~ ';~:'A,~Iii!i'b'=I!IO':'D" '~IS', onu "." .... -...1 and .;L._, 'S-:~, ... I"A~ a-roa I:.,·'b:, 1_: to com-

-.:.'·~·1~.'~,.~&.i:JCI!U·-.'a., ..... ~',.) IUga· JIII,V..:A,IJAn;;a~ .:,.,.!IJ . " , .1LIJC[J, . ',' _' IDle "'r~~~~,'iJl J,.,~ ·_~_IC _:.'" _ .... "

muDicarte in B, rather eUiptical fashion.1 JDI a :st~oQr, I, repert or a Iettert however:" it is, necessa:1j" 'to, writ,e [In org:anized, weU: structur-ed composition in order to, communi,~ cate all the inforrmation needed in a, logical fashioln,~ In our' experienoe:. 'the' student CI'D learn j'a,plrne.'se most e,ffec:ti,vely if he Itu,die's both conversation and wr,~tten j'a'panese from the 'very 'begin.nin~g,

nus is 'ODe reason, :(0£ tJhe Short, :r.eview lessons. From Lesson a, Summary SeD'"" tences (marked, by' i) in, Ja,pane.se' lind English folow'the Qpening :Diaio!gue' or [T~xt"

These' ~e-:- n; "1'lr'~ft,,"aill!!o r!'lIil,_ ..... ~'h'lnIW'~' ;l;.1/j",,": '~-=-, ~i=if·cfj',a .. ~~..a'Q be:' ' ..... ~e:',n'·, t, 'e',-' oral ~ ... ,_.J 'drfF'l'~'t-t"le"-'n' ~~'nl 'aiI:I'!!IIO;&!E'!', _ ..... -.- i3 .. ~.~)LL~-~~~ aUlU Gi, U· . .'._' IUJC W ·~a,~_J~-~!~l '_._..IL)"'le._ '._." .".' ._'_ lUlU "'Il: [ __ - __ Iig,~ ,1I!!Ii1~D~D.,

In addition, besides a, tiUe far ready reference, most lessons have ,at, 'the beginning a Topic Sen'.' {OC:t1' in, R~_,tish to orient 'the student to the' main s'~tuati,on ,~,- the 'lesson.,

T' hese ~:h,'O,~ .. 1,,1 be" , 0', If: '~fVV"J~~I' .... ,~'IU·,AI w·· ·-h-: 8'0'" tea c· ':hi', , '~'nifi' stud e'o"t',a "Alr'-'- w-;_-'-,b' ,-' 0'-' m 'Dft[a'II~C1h-' I"'ii!!!! a ,~~

", ~~ ~_' .... iWU, ',.'. ,(!i3!r-~"IJIi!I&a,- ¥·rilU.~J~ ":"'_~_U !a.J._"<'._ '-IIIL~ ~tL.";" _<~.'.g! ,I,u-.: I~'.·_,,_._:__,_l_l_ &:.~RQ __ .l_~,_~ [~

ond laaguage ..

Le:SSO'DS are l'ener.alIY based on I, 'particular conversation I situati,oDt such as llboppingj talking on 'the telephone:. [and so an .. StrategicaUy 'p:laced throug'b,o,ul the book are teo G.ra"mmar sections to cover the most ~porrtaD, grammar patterns 'With, the exceprtion lof thle: review lessons" each :'SSSOD 'bas, 'N,otc:~:., I Pfrl,ctice section C'O Dsi,stin g: of Key' Sentences .. , E,x,er,cises and Sb,ort Dia,],o'gue(s,)" and a rQ,uiz" T i.s,

a: '~'n"O'em" nen ',t _"':'Ii~: be',' e ~tia"'Dv b·-Irnfu]' ' ~fi pea"'" 'p,'1 e · -ho", ':: ~(,'t· ,t'o' s tu,,i.;!I" 10· "'n: their olwn~--:--

. & 1..1.1- . e,-.l f·--. ~ ,_ 'W"lD. ;_ ... ~- ,,' ~~(r'~~iI-' - IiI ' .. ~. !,I' .' . i~ _ '._" '::'[ > ",_ 1 H'I,' -, "n",g, .'.... ' .. ", UI' '." ~. . - ' .. g, . :_ ... _\ J'

'TIOI tbe T~8eher'

To understand, the overall. plan adopted, in this book, it :is best to first read it :from begDming to ej'-·d ..

.. :',.,-o:r:k on pron,uD!c~ati,on iSI ,especially important ,at the' introductory levet The soundS represented by' double consonants in romanisation, '~on. '¥OWe'ls and the' nasalized D IOU'Did are elpeciaU,y diffieuJlt for for'e'i,~ iers I but it :is also, ,'~~ ;,porta--'i; "DI belpthe,

st"ud' ent learn h' o·"I't' to 'p.n:no· "UO' -P.O, the ·f···I"'~v-e:· :V' o·,.."al· s C~IO' ·r'F'~t·'I\y:.' F' .. :r;e·-n': t-'h-::'o'-'u--gh-:-'-- he has li!!lil

;J', . ~~'~" .I~a ,'",I !. r ... I'"" lLJ.', ,' .. \IIl.V E .... ' : _:__~_~ • __ ~ • ,' •• ' .r 'DL~1 .' I .- •... &'~,~ .1,.' ~ D~r_:_-. __ , _~ I r" .. __ ._~I", " IIIJ.' ' a

]a:paoese teacher. the student should be encouraged to' Hs,ten, to the ,a,cmmpa:nyiDl: taees both fo:r basic 'pron,uncia",'ion, a"~d, :for the' flOw of 'spe~:·~h.,

In 'teach.n,g ktlJla .. , yo;t1 should consider using charts or at Iid.G' workbook, YOrU sbould mate it clear to 'the studen't that, ma:st~rinl' M'Ntl will 'help him with p'ronunci·, a:tioD:., ,an,d :pronUlDciaCi,oD, s,b.oul1:l be emphasized. when,eVie'r' you are 'bel,ping the, studeiDt, with hwagtl- or kllllllmu", You, ma,,. \V3Dt, to have, 'the 9tuden~t: learn, ,RIIU before you

, be,gin the text. H:owevertl the text is designed so that, it :is q,uite possiblle to have 'tile' student work on both at the same time. He should be ,able to master' hirtlgtJJUI by 'the time he, reaches Lesson 10~ As much as :possibJe" class time should 'be d;evo'ted 'tol a,ctuaU, 'u.sing Japanesel~ The stude'Dl :lIIould :study the :Noites ,8' -<, G'rllDDlllr seetions before class,

The Dialogues are: velY short and, while: tbe practice sections, are designed tOI reinforce the patterns introduced, the EXercises give rela:ti've'ly :few exam_Plies., 'Y:OII 8bo~ -I d select, a ~ dj,tionail, yoca:~'u1ary-JOr' exa~m:p.Ie" from ,t,~~· 8'ppe ·dicel~'t. at will 'be of m!rerest to ·the. SltudeUlt, and have 'him, practice each pattern using these :oew words, in order to mel'ease the amount of oral practice, But :it. is best not to try for too

m""-'c:h' a, t, D:;Be~" 'tim~ "LA 'I' :t"J!i,,- '~~,t·-t'a'r' to-··,: 'pl'r'oo"", ceed '~I- a·-;-It·, a·-;-· s-"'~'dy",) pa' 'lee,' - m~' ·c··':ra·a,oa '!I!:N""U"Ia', ' .... ,.'In' ... ' ,ty~'iI';''LUI,""

g~_., . J ' .:__ . " ~'I!', IS 1Il.I!I:,~.~~~ .'_' c:'-'" ".', ", . ~. _ , '._ ,,:..~, .. '._ iI,~~ "'''''''""''''. UIUAI.'1 ,i!!r-,'MUU,

,_11' nd k ,m ~, ale"~' )- I thani 'il rod .

auV a' ',' 'WC"''''' !,:' on 'Dnpr'i OVlhU' m~· ~ ooints , a-I tel·, -=, seve'!"a IAOlit!!n-n~.·· -laD 't·,o': . ,,·t· ..... ···u· c"e a: ot",'

'Ji' '. ,'.' ,I.'-~ ~ - ",'" '",-~, ,"'Il1;.0_, ',r-a&;I;,' " " ~ '- ,::. .' : ,,~~I,~, ,_: ,:: " ',',' ""." - _,_'

"~I:' -'-'ew- C",'" "buJ' , '.-, .' and try" ,f"-:" ',,' rfection "':" ''', '.' h '1Ie'DQ~'" 'D"·"· ',,,', ,t: .... ,'II'~[-'-- 'tit;' i; .' ,.'111 .... ,.· ,1-;''-' ,:~-=,t:

o D' vncs,._c..aI'J...... ' . '" tor perrecnon m eac __ I<~n .. " 0. 0,01 ilUOW., e ClaSS LO lie ,"

bo-oo--r-...:II ..Jln'l!liPit'l in '~'III_i!i!!'~n.ti'!II, ,:~' ~~~, U.U'ft'IL,lI, ,_',- one ,!lE~W.l,~.

S.. ", .. :L '1 t b- d- - ,., la- . ii, )- '., • !I d- h

'IDee' el~J, ,J,ea,SOD 1S,J!Be:", on ,I J)1'rDCu>,;r conver,S3't1OO8 sltua.tion ane e~mp'a,·

sizes :Ipecific points of' ~mWUlr- the time 'req':uired for eaeb lesson is, '8o·tthe same-

_ ' • _l •• ~. D~' ~[~i-.a:l.h~, ~ . . .. ~ _ _ ~['. _ .. [ . . . _ _. _ . .. . 'r . J. - • __ •• . _..... ..!I

One lesson 'may' require O··_l" one' 'ou'r:;: W,·,bilel·· .. ,'. another reqaires thre e . ours Ad,~li~-

',_ '_ , '.- ", .~~._'~~ ;: -. :.ll,U. :"," ,I. -I, -.' . . ...:_ I_~~.;·-· .. " ,'," . ~-I.~,'_.· ,.I_ ,', . '! •.• ~~i!I, "'_"' __ ~~'

... f ~ ~ t d d ~ L 1 g [1-· d' h 1[ "'~"'::'111'1

twes, ror example, are mtroc llcec· m Lessons ';~ an , .• " aoJ these teSSOn8wu.~

.. time simol '1:... ..... ,__ of: tho ti~ty (-' t-' :, ... :11 t be ed

t":'D'q-:-'w;re .. - '-'I' more" ";~'~I a,'Ii'ftl"!irp'. y.' ~U[DA' ,-:- '1 'Ie q"'uan ',,0'1 'ma---':'iJeriill "10' .. ~ co':'-~-r·~· -

~i~_ .:_. __ 'j-._.~~ •. - •. '.:..... ••• I~&I. ,I,: .' ... -I~ "_,; __ /_' .. : .. : _,~.:~,_. ' __ , .... _,_.,. -:__'l __ ' -,' -,' .. , .1·,"'~_,_. __ tIiI

The .. :fo':-11) .. ,-~-"" (.' ... " ·,,·~,·:,-,t,~,"C,- .' " .",' c" • the '-. "'w""dT, 't' .' ', ..... ,-." '·h·iI/,· ·B·'/c.,c ...... ' :'Ia':-' :. h- .

e _:_.j_OWlog, luges ·10n,s concern_ ,,:. ,8 ;' en . s prepar,a. - on'ie-lore C""SS. ,I e

sbo··,." .. ·1~ 1i··~I~'ten[:'-'[--· teo the ta pe of the Oeenin ,". -'g": D!~ ... logne '1'"10' ae"t a" ,':aaUng for 'tb[' e 'f1'- A,., 01- .,.' eon 1-,

I' rwu . - ~- ' __ "_' _,1- IU.IC .' '_'.:' , ..... _ - ~. '." l\.l~ •. , '_ •• ~_ •• ~._ ... ~'l" ..•. IIJ_· IDl ', ... I~, '"" ,[I" ..:'.~ VR ~. ",'-. ,

~ be · fta.n:" Th' h h ,- ,- -,i ,. buJ f' .' versatiOD ~~tween :natiVle: I~ers. .... .•• ~~ L_e s~:~ould, list::en. to the vocal,: .Ilarr tor each

16i:liI£lJAft -:oL.:1·e·· . m- ~ a[--~·"',ri.,;~n[a th:--· e' E[ nol~sh::-:-- ---lean'" ,'" . "'-.' T--I';h'''''''''- ~'''O' . ~ ":·"t '" 1""!:Llcc '--'ld[ I be t--h-'''' ... ",':-:"'-

,~!I,WlW··' ,\i¢m.uA'~"'6 [I, ';···:".D·."m···,UlI,SI ... ,IIe5e ,"W!~'r_im:lm,I[)U ~ .. ':. ,··,emam

'L ..... , ~ f L.: ' ~

ImnpililJlIS, 0:' ms prepar,a·tio1n.

En"'·,'··'" ">,,,., .. ~'LI' ....... ' ... '. "W' 'd.':" -";'~ t 'to' . ""''':-'~' ,".. ~ .. ch I ,,' ',' ... ":' afte ". :'" ...,.,i-, d:- ,". [ . .- ,,' .,' t:", ,-., .. ,,. A' t .. 'IL..~;"

courage 'UK: s· ,I' ent "",.1 r[evIew eacn esson aner eaen ass meenng, :-, ,I. ILUlS

... :_ !'t ,Ii ,i __"'i!Iii t' t ~ ,i t" 'I... at th- t dl . di'iil'II:,j,;n tl '" th- Dil 1

IWI,Ie,], .lS, .lft1po,~·LGn'rO mms_' tJJ4~ ~ e 8i '. ,~ent •. ~·~,eD'~y m.e'mo'rtZe 'It! [!8_colgue:s,

- - .

S~iii'li'Ii"rriIIT'lii!3[ ," Se', ~. : ,fI,aftj.'!!, -:- -;-' 'C' :--., K';"" .' 'Sa·c., '-'l1"li1.' - _-:-" . ,

_"~~Il"i.· ~D!II.[¥a~,es anlU . " .. ~ ". -'"uloent:el~

Tb-- e:-' Qui" ",'",II!J'rg;QQ ma' :'y' b", ".C" done either "'.,- cla ac o"r" " .; hom 'e'n~o':r':k" '1',- ":"'tb-' e"'" c'·a~.o th .. · .. ~'

.'. '_. _' ~!!iiii~ ,[ .. 1.". .,e I': .. ",' "'" [w-.Ii, 'cJ~, In ,... '. ,i:IIiii:!i I,. '., ·asl .':. [n,[··I .• '.,., UJ, ,el_ .:,r[ .. ,.~, ,. ,if:

teacher ,~IL.ould cheek the .c m lcarefully' '- not onhlt ·to COrI" eet mistakes 'bu" it' ~lAn, to iden'~h"

_'- - .. :__ ;;,u.,:_ _ ", .': ' .. ". ''__: :_ , -, _.', ':-l_' __ <'~ "&,1.1:1' ," ~ .~.~._ l. - ,"_f •.•. • ••. rillll5V .. >- - ·'}L.II.1

:" ..I1l."::..:Iltu, 'Ia] '-·r--··:b}'·,,'· " ,.' r ,""" fin-'-,-"d"-' -".',~'.', tc """ .. - ... ·-·,t th ...

mWV.WC: .. pro_,~ems ,UlU _c.:~_ ways 1:0 cocrecl_ I~, __ em,~

Tbe m,ain parts [0'£ each, lesson are prmted in both h,illaga:"Q.' ,B'Dd ktJtfJIaIQ'fltJ' ;IDd,

_ ............. _,::,iiiii ...... A J---: (' - ~ .... ).. '111"......... ;i _.:n b- f~f- - '. '"f . .

LWI~ .!.a,panes! . "a mall, ii' ~rDJ!Dg ww ;~e mor,! e:;~'ective i you try to master

1.'''''. -:' v'·,,-. by.--:- .',",,-;- t-ti_ ".~," ,"- LalfW:···· tlL-' ·,unl. ,th,'- ". boo, ':"k

,Nt"."a ,._. LU;~e W,U.e you, ar-e 1Ii( , . ,ayuLQI~,lI. 1_, ,e " .. '. '10

'01,. ,'_·,·n.nl'E,iI" .-- ,., . [ , d' tha·,.- ,- t, C'C;·:.I d' ',", . *" c :.,.,~i '- ~ . ; .. t tim":.. _. t..-,:, -, -'.' '. , ,.' 0'·' ," -' ' . .-'. c ··-·t·,

"Ie· SU'U'~1 reconun,en,_, :~ '~', > you .. Jevo~ Suul.aen - I.:, eo p,ronuoala - on; aooeDe

d- 'iii.. , "'th by- taking': ~ d..__ f' •. ,'.... by 'b ii' J

an iDtona'tionl lei! i'l ,:- er ... ' .. "I' , ~ 3uvci.litag'e' 01' 'IWE! 'tarnes or .. ',' . 'II: 'VlDg·::·,· vnu:r a·. 1UI1'I"ui!a~lO

____ "'_ __ .1 1 .. _'., _ ." .• 1 .~~ ....:.. ,_._.' .r.": 1.1" ~_ .. __ ;..:: ._'_' _" I ,'" ' •• ' '. __ ' _::. Ir ... ' ."'.'. _"':_ ._~:__ ",I, - __ .: . ..:I'~' ~_ ': ¥u~~~

frie'D"- s 'belp 'JOU~

I,t ,is euential that Vnl1 '~eld 'the, lap" 10,' ese p-,c'olrDOOS, 0··'£ tbe text out, 11"""""d,· F;'~' +-_I...,_

. ' • .1 '. - .' _ .-=. _:_ , - "._ - _ .. _ ._ 1 j ~ ~'M_l , '.' - . t' -'.. l',' ' . '._ '_ 1 ~.. '"""_'."! ." '_, __ ' _ J • -.',.'. •••.•. ,lUY :. llI!i -_" ~ rg~l ~c

a 'Iook at the D.ialogue at the beginning of 'tbe' .IeSSQD~[ Then, carefully study the Notes 'and-- the G'rammar . h,er,e ap,,'p':licable- until von unders·tand"; '~:'em co I nle', ·:tl'e· ... (", The

! c ••••• , -," _ • •• __ ..;_"_" .,. .' • ".".' -'7" ';__"'_'_,-.'_. __ '.'_ ._' I' _ . I., :....... ~. ! . .::.. '__ ._:_ • .,;_ .•..• ~~ .. _'. ,c •.• :_~ 1 _' __ "':"::_' __ '_ .:....:. _ r -' ,r '. '-, iI'll ,:____: , __ ~'

Pra,c--~c:·e section ai;ves 'more examp'~[:ie'C-s ,of the imPO-"'-'M,q1nt '~attems ·m"· - tb"Le~' Dia10~IQ' Y"! o··rrl1i

.. I, , ,.' • ",IW /.' I ~"'.". ..,' D;Ii" .. _" .. : _ _.l ,_ .. :_, . -: ~., ~"_ ;-'._:_ ._'.. . __ ',' '. l ~ 1,_ ,.,I.ILG~. __ -, r . - I :.' ",I .. ',: -I' ~_ •• ' _- _'.. '_"~I~!4iiiii1 r -,.l,W,

'Sbwld spend p:lenty of time fle:pea,ting' 'these pa:ttems in ,3 clear voice,., Fr·eqltent repe-

,~ t, _. "":, .... 11 U" '.' th: di'"' 'b . i· ,,~, dB [. b'

'tition UI, ·esseDiUalI.. ' .. SUlK ',:.:!e appen:'" ceSt you, can try 9U .<lStitu·tmg W01"\:',,:' m eac. ~I ,p3't .. ,

'~em"- Di~hiI} ,', imamnr;''''o' . lit·· ""::' .. ~_ mli.. i1l..'I"C·' ',':" nu·:-· :j' .... ht·', fi:", 'd'i' .. "'~1'f" 'R"'I' . , •••••.• :Lc .... ,· t';h:"-'-" IU." , :I.W" e, _ ~'~~~I"',,,,,~ II ua~ODS_u,n 10 I. you .... _-,-&1&,: m, JOur~,Ic.'1!! _·~emeU.DJCr, I ... , ese

. - ·,-'t' tern'- - ' '. ,_;':'~'II -1ft 11:17' l.._ '. ful····· - .:1.' ..... - .- - , .. til··, -'.' - -, ,! ~ --.h'iiil·l·· ,~ .... 'tI ... , .. ~ - ,. - - 'Wb- ~ ,_. - "C .. e,-. -'1

pa II .~, ,-_!_'Sw,w O&~t [Uic' use ,I ,II! you lean u'5e ~,em IB, aCda;;ul 8) IL lUG uODI[, :. __ en, .~ 'd3e',

·that 'you have, ma,I'te:r'ed ·the pa,ttemsi .in, ·the lesson" do. the Qm at the end. ,FinaUy, ,aft.er ~OU, have completed aU, these st,eps.;)., ,go back to, the begirmin,g ,of the lesson and

I~' - • , -

th- 0' .... -II1II tl,",";I.,:II' '!P¥iiiril!iir't'fi'llR..i,.a tha I\n.anm·i' .. €I "::-loml'IA 8:-:, 'tt'i'1imSirv IC!"-n'ten· ,- '~ and- jU ~ I~-D" 'I-,Bftl'!!a.er __ , ,lL'uwpuJi' .u~I,~~~ .. ~~ V~'.:~:,,& ,UM· .,~~~" ':_'-,,!!,~,io.'~i'~ :~_._,I;;.~a ,~ __ ,~_ AIt,..:' we;,~.~~"«,

ACe leN·"- :';:-"Q;WL" '.' 'E' 00" .', .',",I"Ul...m'T'· 'S·~· f' ::,. n __ ~,. I

, ; ":_,:~.::". . .. ' . '-,' ,:!lll:rLDJ,"I: .':. lor Ji.l'U\JII\, ._:

Comr4i1atioD of 'this ,textbook has 'been ,8 coop~'::, ·:·era:tivl! endeavof .. and, 'we d~lv I'p:p:·r;e ...

.. "~I.I---. - .. ,_ ~ ~ ~. -, ~ ... - _.. I, -- _ -_ - ~., 1 . ~-~.'J '~', _"

,ciate 'the collectWeeflorts lind :individua' oontribu,tion,s, of Mss~ Saclliko, Adacm,., NOlr!

And·:l"'"' Ha" "I'" 1 ..... ,;-.- M· .. ·-',-;-,t"-;-:-··~ S:h'';-'-'- kl-' M' i '~C':". '. '. k·,F 'S····,Jb· ... ~: ... ,' ... O' "'k-"'''· . "F.. ,.... 'T""'" .".," .. s:·· " . ·d··' ''r d'· ,[:0., ",ru;l\,O ,_ l_alJsul...l;~\Ke ·_O _'., lya,z ,-;t ·ac~ Ib\,O < "anl,W8, _.,ecunu·:,a,wa· a. laD, .

Yur'iko y .. "o::b·,'Ii .. ll"'0'·:: F,or E',ftil'l'l:~S"'h'" t·;1I"'!li'n~1'a~·t' ilo,~ns'" 3' n'" ,d,,· ledic ····I',t':00a·1I a"s,,(l!~,~t'an~'" c·-'ec• w' "'e ~'.;;;;.L., ;"0" fohl ~_Il'"

1 _-__:::_. _'.' ~ .' •• lUIL',. II! ~, ':_. _" , :&'if5D - . 1 &' U-I"'i§7 ~ J, :&1,' ,I .'.' --.' - ,- ~_, .... "," ' .. ,.11 . .' '~1 '. . .•• '.r. . I • ',_ .,. ,M.I tu .. · tk I. Ji1I,m

Me ])0- til B" 10;

',~ ,.' .• ' ~ro,~ . Y' , 'm on.

AC"((N""'" '0" WL' ''iC'T\('''''io'M' EN'···· 'TS··· & "he" D . ·[ .......... ..11 V,..;I!, , • f' B . 'k I' : .. , .. :.... , '." .. ' ,EdJu· ' ,,-, " - .,~. IOf' ., ~~ ~ Jl!\.evJ,~"CA.u~tlOD, 0, 00. .. ' .

1:11, ...... 'DU';,,. .. I~, l~;II.,.: I .,:-: P'YO ..:.;, '.' gra" '.-., t1·,!i, ..... ·~,~i·. t· c, 'the [ .. ,E. U .-,.-,,"~~ .. ", ,.. ',' ' ... , }"'" M"·- ..... ,~' Ha·~· '., ...,., .. 1,,,,,( M' . Jellr~:

He \I1fVWU Ulie. '00 ~ ,ess, our, '.~, .-ILUUe ·0-, e ,10· owmg poop e: J,.SS .. , .' [ 1.UIlO ,:,a:~,

J ~'iiii_ S··'I.:- da Ke- ~"- I't 'l6':,1 .. !:' .. _ n .... t.,~._," d' S- ''1[. '.,A'! .... ,...... h'~

, 'Wl~U'.: \luiil, : ,t ~·.~~=lriu! .. '. D, JY.lI!IUAU \JCuJd1, an: , ato~oI J.fJijUigllC: '~'i

10 Im:RODUCTI,ON'

WR-·I;T·.-···IN- -~'G~·-'· AN', ··'O! 'p. JR'· .0'--. IN··" U,N···. :C.,:I,IA·,··-· T- "'1, ·O .. ·INr:'·

• .' _. 1 ' ••• _ J • ~ '" '. '[...... • _.- • _ '. ••• ~. _. ~____:_..... • ••••• , • •

There are three kinds o,i Japanese wrlj,ting-:

L .KtZ_:Jji',:: Chinese characters O\f ideographs, each ,conv'e·y~.n,g ,an, idea, most of wh ... ch b'·, ave a>" t- least two .. , readin gsc:~_.,

1_l1 ... .11:1 . I' "'~" : J _' _:'. _",, 'I tr'W'I,. . ... -, ,', '~l_, . il .I~

2,~ HiragflNfl.:. ,A phonetic syllabary,,, The symbols are curvalinear in style,

3~ Ka taRa 'NIl:: The second slylla:ba'ry. used. prmarily' for foreign names ,and, place name's and words of foreign origin. The s,ymbols are made u'p of :straigbt lines,

W:rii'tten Japanese n orm ally' 'makes, use ,of all three, as in, the following example:

U]: am'." .... g~-omg'""; -.:,-',':: 't-I.O._·· c·.·· 'ana',," .. ~ da .. t.t!~t.:t 11 7" ~t _' ~ ~ ~ ?' .

. _ _ • . . .' ..•. - - . - _. '. -e- . '. .'_, -:1 JJI "- t;I.., :, 01

'W"} ta - h' - 'Ii! .:$., ,ill .f,.;.,':""","

_.-/ &'I--":l1 11 ~ ,l~ '1,J

kanji

h~

"'". ",:-.- - :-

l,ragQM:

£·a."·~~~~-W'~' I€. ~~,~

'W. I~i

'k- <Ii <limBSU

~ £'T'-

- ',' .'

.

Besides these 'three :forms of' wri,tlng" Japanese is sometimes 'written In cY01Nlj~.:

tv . ..... ". )-'. tte .)" - - :',......, .. 111 ""I' I, th - "_ .. - ~' ~ ~ Thi-'" ~ ~ . ,_"

'\.I'\.oman er ers), partwwar, Y ror ne CO'DVeDlleRCe 10J. toreigners. .,- ..• S 18 ,IIenerally

used in, 'teaching conv,el"sational Japane.se~ to fo,reign,ets, when time is- limi'ted,~,

Th ill I.' ,. .. J ,~.' -. . . .

- : • ere' are various Slyst-emS 'lor trans. Iterating' Japanese IO the Roman, alphabet, In,

thi' L_ ..... -'k' '.' .' . th-··· - - ..... ..:1 ~,~ .. d '9' . - b - _.... ·····t

'. uuu .', w,e use . - e 'mUU:U1Le, ",epl' urn ,SYI I,e'm~

HI'R' lAG':'" AN-'" A"

... '. '~", "" .

__ ,__ " ._ 'c.:__ ''._ c:... ~:,

The RflM 'to the [eft are n'irogaaa';: ktlttlktmD are in parentheses, I Basic Sy:U,ablle.s,: Vowel, Consonant plus 'volwel and '1-':,

~ a jJ ("7) . i \' ({)

O· ""_" '(' .."._,)::

r» "_,,";Jj .::

k

ki ~ (;t)

ku (, ( ? )
.
,
ell -t' ( A, )
~.~."-- . ,
, ~,.- .~.' (, .... ' .u..' '.,'.'

sa -"I )

- ..

shi L (i/)

k .It (k)'

re ~' '~7 ,}

se ,"'It (~.)

ta

,n, C:f')

tsu ~ (~:I)

50·.',"_ ,~ C' !lj .s ).

~J -', ... ::

·D

na tii' ('T)

n:,l~ I..... 1(: ):

..... , ., .

no rn () ')

h

ha 4;t, (," ~,)

'mi s: :( ,:a)

mu tJ~ (,k)

me AfJ., (;t) : ma :t, ( .:c ) I

II

v

[i '~, (1)]

YU ij!) ( :z_, )

r

ru ~ (J~)
--
[u .~ (~I)l
'1 w

.

wa tJ (f})

Iv C· ''0; ) ".:/ .'

.

- I

'N ot,a,~ 'T" h· a, 'I!!lV'i't!!""';b-' le ~ 'y, :'1" 'y r \ii!!ii 'M. 'WU': -' and W', ·'e', . ,d·'· e n o 'to occur :n" m ede ern J" iI!!i''fi-gI'i''liili:lii:!Ja.'.

" . ~JII r I ~ a3 !lla. ".W _,-a ','" '!Ii [_ ~'Il ...... ~ .... l rg] '." .. :. ':._.'. __ .~.' _ ," "._" '-#UA ,tiL I U '_ "la~~~~iI'

II

D 'M··· ·odl··;"'isd· S···:ll'll·'~b···~e'··s··~ Consonant plus '00'- S'~'::'··C·'· vowel

_. ,,", 11l~' . I..}. , ,g, ., \I, ,"iii .~I.~,~~ .lg, .. " .I ..... Vl..:.'n ~ ,

I s
z
d
b
p
. gu ... (' ·oIi· (''"9)< ,".

. ,

.":_: ...",

ge J' f. -.- :( .. k"'l

. - t", "'_ oJ )

go :: (:1)

I ji t~ (y)

ze ,~ (-t!)

da r: (n

pa 1.1 (;"\1

~ . -' . ..,

jji t; (~1

bi 1I (I!::)

m: ','If' (' i~II)".

.... '~' U'll .. Llo

nu '~fI (.~,

,v' ",,l,,, \', /l

pe ~ 1(. ",) ... , po!'.7 (: ~,),

.' ", '" . ' "el, .. JI .....

'Ul Modified SyUa:bl,e,s:: Consonant p'_'us ya,. y 1;1 yo

kyu

,.

1.-.3_, L ( ~, )

I, ~ '" y Jr' , "

sho

chu

.

'Dy8 ": ~ (_.:.., •. )

n.yu ~ :. tP (;. ,~ ) n,yo It:. ,t, (.,...:.. 3' )

hyu y.,~ (,t.;1) :hyo l}l (t 3)

'~~~~~~ .. __ ~~~~ __ ~~~~~ __ ~~~ __ ~~l

'mya [~.~ (~1.") myu h,p"~, 3.) myo ~ ~ (~'s)

bja, rP~ (l:'\;)

~ ~ .

ja t .. ·~' '~.:' (:;,~ ).1 JID t· ,#<, .. : ~ (Y;it.) )0 I" ( .. ,,,0' •. )

..... .,~ "~ _." L £, ~ a ,:1

bya, vr,~ (t: ~) b'YD·r}." (~_3.) byo (}',t (~9)1

--- -----

I kk. PP. SIft!! I .., (';I) I (See Note 6.)

i

(7-)

(:1 ~)

'NIl '~

11'

(?-)

.'Iii.J. ,d, 1. '\ (';1:.._"):'

.=:" k... A.., If; " .. '

P- a"'IN' ., rr"iS' TO' -'. N' 'OTE

1,.. __c"J:j, (~~ ."'.' ," I ... _ ...

L 'The to-~ .• , line of th.e Japanese syllabary consists of the 'five vl1we'l.s: a; i, 'U, a; o, 'They are short 'vowets" pronounced deatly and c:ris.ply ~ If yO'U. pronounce 'the'

'-"-'w:-- 'e' 'I-'s '~n'- 'tb: '.- f-=:-; ']-]'0" !'WI;-" .!':- .. ' -E'-::-~' ~. al-·'!i:-b- ",":'" ." ~.-- '00-' .. ' 'ak: l~'~"D' t - "e-'m" al '-·,h-:,·Qrt··· '\1;.-;-- :-Wl-" '"')-)1 h·: a-:-'y:-'-:e'-j

YO .... , ... ' 1 __ . e'o .... _Dg I.De ,IlL_!, seD,~en.:,. m;lDe.,· .>".1, .. ,_, s,· .,,' ."DU,,· '''.'.'.'

their approximate SOUDd's,~ 'The u is 'profto'DDced, w,rth nn movemem '. forward of tl ',e UpS'I'

Ah, we' ,800:n glet old,

'.

a, I. u e_

2~, 'Long vowels· are wri.tten. as"_OIWR in Chart V· ... :t or ei is most ofte; -' 'writteu.t\. \, but i. t 'is also sometimes encountered,

,f; '; ils, the general rme for' I) 'but 'in some words i a, is traditionally written ,1?1i .' Long vo,w@ls are a Idou'bling I.: .~ the si.ng·_!e vowel and care: should be taken (_ .•.. pr'o .. nounce them 8S, a continuous sound, equal in, value to two id en tical, sh,ort '-'-0' '-we'l1ls' .

. , I._·· ... ' _.~I ~'lli

o T' h' 'f" th '11'1 ba f' rom th d' 1'~ d ii, C" hart I 'n bl

,Lt" '- i ,Ie rest O'~;'I:.e Syl ,8 ~'Lry trom n e seOOR':", une '.~ D,wn m t, nart ._. are SyuB.I,lIJes

:fofDI1ed by a, consonant and a vowel~

4 J" ,". '.',,'. '-'. ',', , .. .', _· ... c.·. '., '-. f.,,.,. ,--' ". - . .' .' . - 1, . .- .. '" - ..... , '." '·b·~l"" 'E"-··· '. -)" ~" h' - :It .', --,4;.' ·t'· ~ th .. ··'· .' '. - .... - .. tt .' 410,,",, ." .

, "M' .J.apanese consona.n:~ m.ore· Oil'" less resem .. ~.e·ng.lS:,,~ LJS!l\.e'o ,,0 I ... Ie ,casse!;e I~pe

Q .. --:- .. : ·t' ,'" "., ' .. peaker ,~., I.":b- ,':" ,:'-. -. ct " ..... " . '.- "d':-'-:-:- E'I-" .. --:- .. ~ .. -!l'a1-:;- ']:." .. ,' t·'·' the ,~:" 1-11-" "w:~'i!"-Ig' ,'" t· '~"'.- .• 'L,:-,

_r ana, -Ive ,S .... ':"--, er ror ,", e exac." soun·"s, ~·speCll.y note .1, "e .10,·0, ·In.,~ ',I m UI,e,

'_,\ . row, j'in, the $y'Dable fa ao,d r in the ra rOlw'~ 'The' g in the s,y':Ua,bles ,P'f ,Ii·t)

d· d'e' , <gIn: d dO" - ·t- t'L, .. , ' , .:i!! ' .. '''n, I" ';'g'.' :-. fa .. " , .. ' .iIi!".J '~., 'h" rd': (~'~k"'e the ['a] ~:, t!J:- 'd"-' ') br t,

,a - -', ,e' ,g, e' lal'_'Uce - eg" .. IJ,IID "loa WOI U IS , __ a_·,_, . II·", .' ',~ , o. In, oar., , .. :;D", ~ u,:

'wheD i:t oce rs in the 'middle or' in the last syllable of' a, word, it often becomes :nasal Il,S, ~n ei'~·~ (··'··"movie';)·r The particle 11f .•. too, 'is, usually pronounced in 'this,

--- .. '-11 -., --'..-. '.'.- ,., ,.;0;, ._ ._.,--'---"-.- ~~" .,'-' '_ ,'- "'_'-" ----" --- -----

,-,-- -. '-n' "- .. , , " ., '.,",' -- - -. " J' .... " ...... " t, ·d: .. ,.. . -. '.' , .. d· rbich :~' ,' .. ' t" .' "1--

way ... , oweve' __ -, m,any ._apanese lo),:ay use ,it g soon: W'r lIe:, IS .no " nasa.

N 'ii - hi" d . ..:1' . bi d .. "':L, '11 'W'h _.. . _ IS tne on y m ependent [COOSOIRant not combmed wnn a. vowei. wnen It'S, at

the' e'nd of a word it, is, pronounc-ed some'what: nasally ~ Otherwise' ~t is 'usually proD,O~.~i'O,c·ed like the E:ngli,si' [0]., But if it is followed, by' s·y-Ilables 'beginn:ing with ,61:, em: or jJ, it Is pronounced :more like rm:J a'nd ,Ilccoirdingly spelled 'w~,'tb an 111 i'n

b'" bool S ,,, 'I I h I'II-b- .. f 11 " by' ,.

'I .. IS text:.: :IIO'~'I i:.~:pec~al, ,care U9, necessary WI' len sY __ ,HtIC D :11, ; ~o ,I.owe _I •• __ ' ,'~-" a v ~':Iwe'

as iu the' word 'ki-' 'Ie !-'i, ('k.IiIo_Di -en "no smo'k'" : cr:"i).', ···'o·":'e·· that t'h~'s Is Id'iffe~reftt in

. ~. _I _' , __ I ••. " • _I. , ' r. _ill" _'_ " .. ~~ _ '~ ',' r ' .' - I _ e- ,Ii '_I' ." "' .• , _-1:1_._ 1 '_,' , • I. J. ~".' .' . ' I

C!:v'I' '.'b'lIle· di '~'!'o'n' f'm" -- 'k~ineD' Ik'l,j- - n "anniversa '-, ;1;1)"

,gj _>. :1.11:-: '~ lVl~l'~~~1 L':L~'__._m, ,'" '-.' ',·I.~,D~·--,i ,:~~_._}_'I.¥ ildu.'ry ,.1;;;

56 As explained above, hi~gti_, and. katakaM are phonetic symbols and. each is, one s,yllable in, length.~, The syllables, in. IC.h'rt III which consist of twOI symbols=the second written smaller ......... are also only' one syllable ,in l =::Qgth if the 'v' o··'w'·-,l t~, short '~lo·;'-ng-:c~.r·' if t '·e· . ''iil:iIi'AlW: el ~~, lon [a

.--. ~ ~ I}~ ~ .. :1& '-t 11·.-,·, ... ~! I 1 . '_ " TV-r,_, ,'.-'_ I.~ Iv,l'ert

6.··--,~ "". '-": 'tl ,,"pa, 'wn·: :'-'Ii't,·t"e···'n'i' ln .. ··, R':·o:-'m'-·a·····' 'liatt···:'e··':rs-· .. · 1···i8··· the d O"-"u'b'I'-',I'- c,-o'·n,aO-:ID·an·- its kk '. P'I'P' -'.-', an"II'~ ti'

'.' " I j "_jljl~ ',', _ _:.I.<." '1,,[, .,:~ ~_~ llr~_·._-:·.J_l'~' :__.j- L-_L~'''''' .... 1. _ ,~ ·,,'lllIO.'·j ~_'" .. '_', t [<I't _,";"._:_., __ ' I :""_1,1,1

in, Chart IV are expressed, "B.laas' (hir,agana and .',.lMfUJ) with a, small t·~';~'I' i'n :p:lace, of the first consonant .. ~ Le., "1~, :'.A,·k;,kkon, (·'·'marriale,""')I, s-. .. i: kip-,

P- ,.u' ~ ... : ·:ti··ti"",III~·e·; :'t-' ~t)·,. '"*' - - ~ ('.'" m- a··'· aa'UlI .... 111 ~ U s tra i zh ·t· It). a m d ~ · "I ~ kl'll! t·t· te (II' '~ta··, '. "m' ,.p~,U\ Th···.··· - ~,~:,

. ,\, "i(;I[ ~._. .:JI it, '? ~,,' , ,~!. '6U1 \:, .. ~ "c· ' ... " ,~. '? \.,,;. I, _", '.' i;!I!,_~_"',;'" ",., .. _01,0-

small '), i.s one, syna'b~e; in, le:n,gthtl and the:r:e is "he slig'htes:t pa.use' ,after ,it is, pronouuQe.d (as, in the E.nglisb word book'~keeping) .. In t-j [case of the' [c;'-i sy'Uable't the ts;g, i,s represented 'b, s, t in ,R.oman lette'fs", i(Oe., '7 '11- matc;bi,

("U " .8,.;C.· h· H).' •.

. , Ii ,_, ,.!Ii

7'1' i"n himp:ntJ". title s:y'nables ,jii ,and ,Z'U Sl're' 'wri,~ten L a'i d -r' as ,8, ,g,eneral nll,e", In, at few 'rare cases,;. they' are tr:aditio,naDy 'written t; and'~

,8.. Hlragtzu 'foUowa: ,8. trad'itio:n in, whic'b, th.e :loU,owing three 'particles :are 'w'ritte:n a

S·:nP-rial·~' W"""3'" y. ,. ~

"'~')~~'.'} .· .. 1',-. ,:.

o when, 'use·d a's :a pa'rtl.cle is, writte.n t: ;. Dot." j e·.:,'hen 'tuied, a's a : I,' article' is, written, ~:. not i'i

'. ,.-,-, w,bein 'usedasa pa' iele is; wri:tt,eln~,~i I' 'Dotht,

'UF'Dl- ,'1'lIii;m~' ,& "D p'R·:,Oiif!,;fll'fMC:·_- '. T' [-'O-"N'" 1-' 3'·1

Q" ft . I ,u"tJU ~ .. ~'. _ .. : .. .,::.",.iU,I,. ~. __ ' __: ,~,,:__.,__: _ _ ,1.

C· . 'A' 'RA' " C'" 'TE" 'RI' 'S"'T" "I---C"'S 0······ 'p" lA" p' 'A' 'N" '-E"-'S'-"'E--:-' G" 'RA' 'M' M'" ~A' R:'

~'--' :. _:.'~.,'~~- ," ..... '.. .i ," . >"-",:.1 :_': ~.}__ ';,::., -: .... -_ -, ' _~~_:'_. __ r. . .;"

The grammar in, this text ba, derived from a, natural analysis of the Japanese language, rather than being an interpretation ad . apted to the syntax of W'e:stem. a'ftml,'.3,~!Ii!!Ii_ W:,-.'-:-'o have given .' .- '. aca,w' : '[I-.a 1'1" hi. In- 'ica'i terms a·"~ p' ossible ...... ,LOO,-·_·· DI'iln-·g··· lo"':n· ·'S·' th 'a~'ltl

. ~~MQ!e,-",~J!II I ~ ," ~ •• ,,- .:_- • -.'_ •• ~._I _' Irg "~'. l~~... '[ ,._,_ .. ~ .~ ,I., ~ •. ~ .-" ",,~. '."..: ~.:. ldl· ··a r . . - ,'1 __ :__,' • -, J

will make for a smooth transition from the basic level to more advanced study ~

The followi'og pointa ate' bas.j~ and in most cases reflect differences ~': tween the grammar of Japanese and that of English, o-r other European languages, Specific exp,ianatio'ns and ex8'mples are given in Grammar I 'through, Grammar ,X,~, the notes and the appendices ..

l .. Japanese nouns 'have' neither gender nor number. But plurals of certain wonts, can be expressed b,y the use, o,f ,8 :suIfix ..

2~ The verb gen,er,all,y comes at the end. of '(hoe sentence or clau:se·~ es: w'., I' JBhi, 'W'. :Nih".,',·jiD ,d,e's'u,., I am a, Iapanese. 'W.,ta,shi wa Ky,oto, ni ik·imasu,., :1 go 't'DI Kyoto~,

,3;; 'Verb conjugation is not affected by' the .ge:n,der', number or person of the subject.

4 ii' Verb conjugation, shows only' two te ases the present form and. the past form, Wbeth'=r use of the pr'esent :frorm refers 'to habitual action or the future, and, whethe .' the past form is equivalent to the English past tense, present perfect or past 'perfect can 'be determined from the context ..

15~ ]:apuese adjectives'i u'nlike E:a,g"iish ones, are in'fleete.d to show' present and past" affirmative and negative .. ,

6,· The gramma,tlcal function of' DOUDS is indicated by' particles, Their role is simUar 'tel English prepositions, but since 'th,ey always; come after 'the word." ther are sometimes referred to[ as ·postpositiIQns.~,

£I'. T'okyo de, at Tokyo

'15-Dlciir all 'on the 15 (o[f tbe mo _'tb)

.~.

7', 'M'any degrees, of :politeness are expressable in Japaneee, In this 'book the

. I, i-I h II , 'L ~~'fI"i11f't' d

sty .• e IS one whi,c.I anyone may use 'Wltl-IOUt ~&5 ruoe.

N~ ~ ·t- .. ·ii 'Th'-- f".'" ·U·" ,.:!!I,._., 'b- bre :. -,,-"! ,ti·~'·· . . ,-', .', sd I ~'", ·t-·IL," L--'k--:'8'

_ 0 e" ,'_ .e li.D,om II ,a .. , , .. ,:Vlal.ons are. use I m. 'IllS, UUUt

/'1<" - 'ffirm . tivr'"

,flJJ'~ an ,'. a, .e,

negative

,Aaswer'~ afflnn·- ,tiv,e Answer ~ ne,ptive exampJ,e

-i adjective

-n adjedi,ve

.A .. _,. au.

_I- a d, ii

" '., .. I'll!

-DB ad:'~'J"

:____ l '.__ _ III'

14

U--'-S·'::···~·E,':.'F'~·'U·.·'L·. D .• AI"-· -LI,y· ... ·-··· E<X··:'-P_':'R,'E~·S:-:','S-<'I'O---~"IN,·-.-':S:~

-" .. _ --' , . -' .. . ',:__,:",,_, '- - ,,_.. :_: '. ... .. '.

-l-~"I" .... "! '--''1'' ,-'(' - -- ~ ~ -. . ...' I' G':- ,'. .. I -' -- -""'] bo ': ._-

1", d"J1 ~,ml d.. ., .._ ~, \r \ ,~, '0 Obaylogozal.mas,u,.,~,ood mormngt Used, until about 10

_-~~M,,,

2:. .: Ivt': 1:, Ii t, K,ODDi,c\ I. '(,' '8,,, Hello, A, rather iofOI]]]8'1 greeting used from about 1.0 ,A,.,M"" until sundown,

3. : k~l'~I~~-',~ 'Ko:mbanwa", Good evening,

4i ~ J: 11 ~~' ~'Q' :S8Y'O,-'- ara, Good-bye. [On more formal occasions one uses, Shi·, tau'rei shim.su,,,

5. h~T',h. ~"'~ \r "{Jl O"'asuml D,a8ai.~ Good night, S\a'id at night 'before ,going to 'bed .. When, parting at 'n'i,ght outside the 'home; Sayoioa' =a is more usual

6,~ '~~~, .t.. 1:0/ t '.' i' t:~ Dewa mata • .I.Ja mata, W,eU. then j. ~ i' Said infor .. mally' 'wben p-arting' from relatives or frie.nds'i

7, \'''''~' 4. "'? L. ~ \, \~ Ittle ra)Hshai~ So lo'ng;~ C:lit,;, "Go and come back, "l Said to mem ,- bers of 1-: h· ousehold 8- "8:' th "'e-·'·'y''':· leave the hi" ouse,

. ,'_: __ ' ,',,:... Ai _" .. 111 l] ,', ! 1 ..•. I~,_:,., -: _ r ',_,' 1-- ',' ."',.' . __ ' ._.1 .. ' _ .. ",-- ... - '.l~ '_',.,

,8,~ \ '\""? l -;.", .\ f.) t r,~ Itte :mairimasu~ So long. (l'it,~, U[I;'m] gloing and eoming back, "l [Tbi.s :is the 'r'eply' to, 'Itte' :r'a~ ,.' h,.~.,

'9. ,t: tt~'\ '·.'£10' T,ada'ima~ I'm back, (lit~ "[I haee 'returned] Just 'BOW, .. :·') Said b,y' a person O'--U-- re turn '1-::"- :i'ng-·: home

.. ",~ - .'t' " • ..:.. , , . • _ ... ' !Ii ~. . ~ _,- . . ,. - II!

- .-',

10~ I?'IJ'~ ''J' ~"~\\Q IOka,eri na.ail. W'e1c,ome home, T'h'is is t~~e 'fe;,'l.y to Ta-

d ,II!

anna,

11'F 1) '·f Iv'~ ~T'''J''''~ OL.genki deau ka, How are y[OUtl (lit,., "Are you. well.? I I') 12,~ ~I ~., ,6-( ~ ; ,:" ~\ \!" Q 1'1'A., ':!J' 1:"f~ 0 Mig_tiD Rozet ;-:-·aau,1;. Genki d,e.u,~

Ft" -- e .... "L.. .......... ,11;;;, -- - -_D ""Il ItllCUlA YOUi'~'

13 .. })~,~,t 11 ~·~,\,·',t·T,o O'm,edeto' loza'ima[su ... Congratulations)'

1.4,. ~'f:\ \' t:. ~ :01 'O-daijin.l .. Take care ,of Jourself~

'15'-· ~,,, -~,.... «:.,~ ~''';''V' 'i:"" ~ ... ~' J<'\- 'I~ ~ D:'o"~m---o- ar--1d .. t-o:--' ,dO'··:-: ''!'" a -a'u- 'Th a n·-k- y"'O" u verv

... Iii) ~? 1!) lllll I ~r.1. [~ (' ~, ~ ", . a; I, 0.1 .:_ . __:__ ,11_U __ , I_.~.. . . ' .... ~,:._ _'" .~. " I.'. {£I' Ii "Iil . r' ~ I..:. - ~ _: . ," - .. <_~~ Jl

mu: ..... : ..... . ,IUI,

16, .. t,~i \,"'"t: L t L 1:Q Do itallll'j-masbi,te;l YOU.' re 'w:e:loome. 17~, _, k t'1t /v,,,, Sumim8.HD. 'E,:x;CUIe me, I'm sorry ..

1.8,. ~ 1 ~,~, t' ..., ~ < t:~j ~ \. \~ Chott.o :mat,te, k'ud .. " j" 'W'ait just a, ·m.om,ent., please,

'1'9'~ ,~ ..\ 'ii, 'l~' '\.'-" +-"" .&,;,1'~(Iw ',L "*,~

~" ~ '01 1 ~l ? c, ,r.Jl~-J.1J !IIt~ .' ~ ,I Ii)

please.

20.~ J) ~ ~ I~::'O Osak'iDi,j, Pardon my going first (before YOu)i' Said. when leaviDJ"

the ,offtce or ·8 meeting ahead of other' peop:le~

2:1'1 ~," i~' n ~ ~',f':c D:J",,) ,I o .. 'ldail Please, go ahead,

221. ~ £?~t~Q.' Ki, 0 tsukete, 'Take care!1Be carefull 23" ,i} ~i'~='tL" \. \'0 Abunaii' Look out! (lit.. "It' s dangerous, "'),

24 .. t~~')J)~~ 0 Dlame ,de811+ 'Out of the, qne.9.'tion~nm.poss'ible~lNo good.

25,~ It~lvti.",,·1: < t::'~ "" \; 'Gam:batte kuda,aai.I, Keeip yOlur c:hiD up:!: Said, 'to en-

'M", ,A I-"hii'd-I" . j -':[dOl'illh""",.,·· 10''':-', -_.-":_ -"'.,- .~ --~~

····u .~ .. [-, ,0 ODe,~- _Ima,su,. noe morel

p,o"·u·pg-·:-e' :S-"'O' rm eo 'In-e-~

~ 41lQ, ' 1 I' • .,

15

SI'G"~'N,'···'I"S,:, .. ~··" ""'"IN~>' DI'A- I.)' Y' 'L.JF'E

, ... ,._ .... ,' '" . ,'~. =4' . ',''''

~,

an '11,II,:l

In formaden

,9-···········?············~

• -'I.' -

" , . " . ·e

t- <filiI k-: 'U iIi:.'!"-JI;'ii'n'D"IP~ b ,!liIi1

In,, i, ,~,II, II, ".', ,11,,1, Mi

Taxi Stand

c:k,'i

h~~ail\~i'a]l) ~: tati on

c:blk,ate:ts,u

S" '1,·,'" .. , U' nde ," ,'" .. ".1 IUdway ~ ,'. n ,,', r,groLul 'JI

kia'i'sats-ugucbl Ticket Gate

l6

....-----~ ~~

' .... '

1t

It

*

'e',il,'och,u Open

j Uo),bic'h 'II!

G,ettin,g ready to open. f~fa,:~~' a ~SIO ~'I~~di,ca,te,

,~" Closed 'fair' the day ~ ~, ')

'k' ... ~ ~h- _,

•... 1[."1. ,'-.". " I. ~ 'I.'

~_uuD, OC,.,II,

IJf I.

- -

Closed

~ ~ [h- Iii!

,lrlgU,C'1

Entrane

d - , -'bL'iI'

.e - .,gC: __ .1

"E' e ,

. -:"Xlt

..

'be, q'"""'0- .- -u eh I;;;'

"" .-': , ... ·II~ ~

'I!'i -' - 'R I,

~'-- , ler,I,e-ney' , I ~ Xl.t

'Gsa Pusb

:ltiku Pu1l

- -

--

IGtA\ ··9' .

'b-' .-

e- r-e- ': ;--"0' - -'a'

1 , •.• .,

- _' - - - ._ '_ - -

:EI~e'v,ato:r

-- --

'I:A1JGt 5)-

._-- .

18 _ u'k~_r)iti, Esca]ato:r'

atuk.,

'M~,',-"~n G.,'-'f!·ntlemen

, ., '-I - - -

11... - iIEI, b' ~ ,A...,g:r&.. ... 'ta:·, - 'ii'll ,a,C.., u=giIiIIM,

P d 'R

: 'ow: er '_' '.oom

on'Da.

W· T"""d~

omen, JA,.: lea

, iliG' '~,"r i~ 'iN DA"lY" L'lIjCI co 1- '7, '

(' I... ,IL:"!I'~I' ,', r" I'lL I '.11'" .11ii

U,9.ets~ 'k:in'hi N'1l) r~,ght turn

. -

~

_!!l

,L, _",;J •

tl

.

,

'ft'

...................... iiiiiiiiiiiiiiO.......!1

Te o 111' -enalde kudasal,

Do 'not tOUIC'lIJ~

SB'·:·.tHiU ki'- hi Nt) le'ft turn

eh us,:ha, 'k imsb'i No Parking

ippti u,g'k 6.'0 One Way Street

chu.8.'baj6 Parking' lot

taehiiri 'kiDs'hi No ,Admiltanc, .

18, ··"),GNS IN D,AlL'Y LIFE

Ii' _

"," I\.

Shibafa .D,O oak. ni h,airana'ide kudasai. Please ,eep ._ . .If th gr,~ss.,

~ diIIi

,:", ~_:E

xo Sl\l()KING

k- '-"

. In, e:d.

NOl Snu "k- <OJ C-',""" , '_" 0 l.ug

:koj:i,cb.g

U nder Constructioa

'k·k

I'~l! ,'leD

Dan .. __ er!

L'E<'S-'S," .. 0, ·.·····N>l

, . -. .. --. . . ".... . -

IN,"'T,<R":: 0·' ',' . ·'U-: -:-'C:··'-T<IO",~···.·N····'" ·S.··:·-"",

,r,. '. '."" .. '" ' .. ' .'. , . .', '._'

.;t,~ iL ::, t: ~~t;\~, ,A,,, : ~ ~ li A'~ A ~ A.t'-tTe,

A ~ A, :: ';1, L i1 t IL '~ e A ~ A '~~;-'o :~* '1 ~,f ,~,~, L < 01

t: tc'6~ :: ,:t t Ii) ,t, IL ~ 0 t? ~ J:, 7 "'{#'A, ~' (JJ t: ~~'~\~_' 0

t.~? ,~. J: J;, IL ( 0.

, ,~~ L '.' ~ .... '""7 -l( .1 J,do A"" '8-' "C- /T'\ ~ /.'~""; .._,-.-_ .•. ': L·. 4 .• ·.:.".~,· . o.

'el.,-\~ I ,~A", A -: ,I\J' ~,cL ,,,.> ,_v..,J ru«: \.,

8' :'-" -.,-"" ..

, I la,yalDll.

Su'mil,u:

T:anaka:

H'a,aehi:,

M" ", 'T' _ .. ka th ,~i'. .1, 'M.:", 'S'" _ .. '~th,·:

. '",r ~, . ana·',·." 'I!,I 15, IS c.:"', _f ,", ,:_ ml_ ..•

H~ o····w'· d Q"" ',,'1/'11 d'l" M"': 'y-' :'-".~.-Jt!i.[II',iI! S-:--:"m' Ii!th·'.. I'm VPI'V' nI ... dJ 'to" 'm';-'~" 'IIO"'U

',,', ", YOw, ·_I0~ ,,_,_ nam~, ,,.., -, ',.. ,.,.1 :_' .. ' . ..._'.1' !~':: , -', " ,~I!. ,3'" .1,.,

H' . ~, - d - 1" -- 'T' . -''1 .. ,- 'f' .. T' ' ".~ .. - E·'lI~ ...... '!" '11i·_.. " .. ,' ',1, ..... ...::1: t·-· - .. "it· --.- ,.

. 'ow lUi.a "011 ',·,.o~, III m "an..ui rom, "OA),'O "~ I~ 'C .. , , __ :m very ,Iidu In m.ee '. ,ou~

Mr~ "S" ,,~,·tb", ,.,'" ABC" , .• ""- . .'",, '1 ' .' ,

~ . ,ml___ ,l._., --' _:;c..:__:_: is . a:wylU i!

Sm . ,- '"'th·' ,

.":. ~ [ .. 'i II i II!!

.:. ,_. " . . . .'

Ta ""'41",,",",, .. I.I.GAiI.,

H~-' L,:;

r- layuu,I::

'j'~'IL

,tt '~"~'\ ~ At

~~5L :.t,~

',i,

~ : .." A ....... A

~:~T'

.ti, L r>t t ~ .1,- ~ L':

~JI':' '

~,~' '1 ~~ J:.'~ L, <

~: 1 ':!- ,t "11 ~iv ~

(JJ

ABC ~l, '-;;;L

- N "-_

Ha,,a.hi

, :,·,aDilk...u,

-san

a-· s' umam ,- ,,-

:,,' """Ie:

I •• : _' _ __ , •. _ ','.:...

lith, h h "fie-"

a- !I!!!;'II~J!!i'rn,~ W---;I'" . ,n.fto···:'n· (:_O-.':

, , iii;I!~, .ILlI.Q.I..IUi,-, , J, " U\liJl.., ....

M·, 'M"", ., .• ,,,,,," ·M'··'~'--:I-' 1-,iW"~~'W\ r ,,~ " 1'8'"' I!I l'f'UI"":I1' ··ISS \ii:!iiW.l~1

this one OmpRes this perRon)1 as ,!ror' (:to1pi,c m.a.rb'r" ,puti.cle) :Smith

:il

HO'''lIl1' ...1'0' y.ntl'll d 0, "

__ .. :...Ift \:1.1._, _ Y-!I& ' .11

I

[lit., Please tavlor' :me.,

Tokyo :E1ectric ,(com:pany 'Rame)' =:: ':1, '(posseslj,y:e 'particle)

ABC (compat.Dl" name')

lawyer

••

Sa ,:-iil!. g,

Idea, baj:im,e.muldte,

'DO ~~Hi

ADID _

L-'D;.,ab"" " .1-

1UE,I, ,. ,,'

- - - '_ . .' ~.' -

'GR, .. &uC-M· .' -'A- R··' I.~ I

~ ,~, n.Jt.Q-:. -t " , • '

1,~ noun 1 'WA, noun . .2 DESU

2,~ noun.1 'W A noun 2' DIES'U ItA.

Hal, (noun 1 wa) noun 2 ,des'u."

I'ie~" ('II.OrUO :I. wa_) noun 2 d,e'w,a/ja. a'rimaseD~,

Past Form

Present Form

dewa ,arimaaea

d 'bl' ,ell'lta

w,n not

•.

..

• Particle WB,t, Topic marker ..

W8, :foUo\VS 'nODD 1 in,di.ca:ting 'that. it. is the topic under discussion, ,N:OUD ,2: 'is, then i,de,D',~'c.ed, and, the phrase is concluded wi,th, d.eslu, The topic :is [often, 'the same as, the :subj'ectJ, 'but not 'necessari]:y~ It 'is alsoi polsitble foe the object ~o' 'be the: t,olpic~ <See Note 2:, p, 54;' GraDlmar Ill:. p, 166; N'ote 3" p, 183~,) 'T'lle: '" '.' .. ','" .. iO .. ,~ d,es,u

. . ~, . ai'f . eel 'b b'-

I~~'ti:ctu· 'rel tl!l!' B'GI,·t 'I A-C·'t···,_ .... ,.y "pe"" frIO' .. '-D' or"I" . 'n'lllltll'm'~" .. ··er·

'!!iI:Y, lUi ~ _'.'...c .. ~1!i!!I' ,~ ... :" .'!IW J .. :, . . _. ,~.." '." .'" [. dy. ,,'.-,.!I!

.~ A ':_.,D .•• beulolhi Id,lli.·,~, f,"M:'r~ ,A, is a, lawyer~";

A',"fIB'D, to' B-s8n \V'a b,BIIJ DShi d _. ,u. tii"Mr'", ,A and, Mrs, ,8 are la,wyers'j,";'

• Q-,~"",:11.a: k',.:a-" Qu'~ estio n·,··, mal arker,

ril£(lIfl[;J~ I! . '._~_.I._.'_I . , __ ~_~

Th- I. - ·t" ~, , f" , t'" II J' ,II p' ·t' k - t th d f- i-,-

-, ,-, e :I,orma. '~'lon, 0 I ,q,ues.~,ons In .,3'pa'D,ese lS @'3SY. ' .. U' ~ ,: .. a, a: _' .:, ,e en,~: 0,'. ,lI sen'l~en£e

"'r-' df' ,~,. be"", 'r"''': ': -,' st .~ .. ' 'N·-','I . ~'IIl...".: "I': ." " ,'"', . I ' .. ,;-_..:1 ... ~. -d' ,. . ,"'I ~1 -:. ,: :"·~ .... ..:Ii-:,:; -:- ... c,:h",·· ... ;, ·t-"h···'·

aD_, Ill., ["" :c,o[mes a ques ion, '.' (1 clJ.lIlaQge 10, WU,J,u. oroer is requiree even, wnen _ e

question .,~,,-:. ':t·,,_,:i,.- . .- .. inte errozati , , words '" ,-'11..,' who '·'·h"I,-,---·'t··, ,;'It,.,- .. etc )-' ·,[.--·'·-·-.--·t· ... o···'.-

u_c,~ _--,' .. D COlD: cuns 1.n.,rrog,a J.vie, WO" _8 SU,Cu as, WO, w, al'l! w.n~en~ .: .. '.:~, _D,~O'Da, ~"n

:' ." ... ····111"· ' ~"'"'.,,," ,.' th ,-. ,,',' ···t,·,~:, ,) .. '. D' .· ..... Ifu, ~" d"-,'" . k""--"

norma Y ,n,ses, on ",e par _I,e.e ',_ . ,Ow,,, t l,~e'~'~ ,oj ,j li .' esg, ··a'ii -

• :Ha,j, and lie

:R'~~- a-·'.- is 'v';rtu-, ",,··glllY·,-.., tbe same as 'iIl'I\U~,U 1";:.' ,~'~ -~~"rt-'-,cla': "1,1.'1',.' the same as "ne," 1',t- 'I';D 'L~~t-I~t:~r·.·

, .. _ _,. I, ,1IIIi .. _ .. ,.~ iili!!1A !!!i.o RiiliI! I'~I . .DIiiP ~~ VI, :u I ,_. Ii.,.~ iili!!a "'"', gill! 'lUll ,I.)'" IUC .. J.iiij' . ~I

'h-- ...,...!t'~var to' .'-'. think o-'''f ':b.·'11 a- iC!!' mea "D'I~ftg "That ",£!! rl~g'·h·t" H and ilu-lIe·- as m' "ea"DI""ft;ff

,:.U'in'l;ii', ~;~"'I _',",:", '_"_'_ll~_._ j~~ ·.I··,~__: '_' : __ ;_ .:_.lQ '_J~_I:_J""'_- ,"Iui' "':'1 _IJI_~.;"~! 11_ .'::'.:'~,._~, I.~~l_"'·_':' ._ri as 'l'"i'~''' ;_~,_II;I_.·'l

~'Tha,ttlls wroni~'~ Otherwise negati'¥f! Iq,ues,t~,on,s can 'be ,I, 'problem I' Le., to t.he

q~I-"U' estie n-~ J;-:'a' 'b-r "8' n B" na da 'a"n,-'I'm'--ail!ihDD- ·k'.·· "So ynu' have no JIi,..'I!!!Ii'D'·a.-·'n,!G~":I!':Ii' ·tlt: Ai re n;'IIy I"'a

. . :~~ ....... "'i' ., •. ,', . , .... , .. ~ , "-:' -' ' '. ~, '_. '- ~ - "t, ~ _:li,I 'tv _:_ ~ Q.. '~ . -'::_ IU,., -, ... _!li,I:~" '-- -,~, ,,'.' r,t Q

u'--)i!.·8: 'nm"1i '.8.' ,al-n'.' "T ,'":ha-- •. ' t's rizht '!J'IIiyO 'h'~:9'1:iI';D' '1II'iI,.tiirO·,D, :ji:, 'O:=.:r-I-~I~,Q a'"'r'ltIi:III"····· ,.a,u- ~'!Il:T" 'h:o'Jt'·ile '~lII'IIIIB

"'-~J' - ' -- - .i!i:!II~ " , ".' . ~" eif 'Q '"', G,,," "'", ,!IIiII'U~ ~"'_ ,~" ," '~', .. .. D .. fK:!!' ""''' V.Ii'iIfm"

we" ha ''V\''e so ne U

.. ,': [l.··. i.:'.' , .' .. 'm.·,.,',.:,·,

- _, ~_, . __ . - , !Ii

O iii; ,~, f't 'iI' i I')'

'. ,mlss100 o· .•. LOpIC ,n'OUD, I,~

W-h ,0; ,ii, 'L ii, he o '1. ...... , Lft h ;Ii ~ ,iii "' __ ,lrl iii, d-

. Jell. It 1,8, OrQIV10Ul; 'to t" e other person W,Ua:t: t Je' tOPIC IS:, it IS geo,ci-,iWY' oml·tte _ ~

.' ""., I[W" . s: . &-l-','L!i ,-:- ·''--1' ·S·· --- .Ii!._,_ - Id' ..- -,- !IiI"A,~. #-:-, - . _- _- - )", -1"':: ·S~- -~Ii':tb-'I-'- :U

IS,., . ' ..... ' •. ....aI. WS, . '~' 'UDllII,g, ,[ea.. ~ ILO,i" m'e,. ,. ,m. . ,ml. , , .•

B·'·ut'· 'W' '·h··ft, '1"',·, 101'8: D,·e,_p0l·~·ary['· " to 'iiii;;Ii;,'iiii;'I • .iIilI, th A 't"'rp'~iifiIi' .--:-:-~IA'!!iii'r"·' 1'",· ls not O,·rm·,- :iiii'MA,d··'·,

, . ", .. ..' ,·""'11.11, .Il10. , " I '~~' .I,';I.'~' ',..... ..' .uJbl.~, '. ~ . ,U ,.1"1;,;. C,iII~, ,.!II,;, . a' . U.: .". ")"iI!Je." "II>

K 'L,,!:_ 'S··' iii AI~ Iii "T' 'h' Iii' ~, M' S- "'t'b 'It &, ,OC}",j, wa ;~·UiDll'U'."'D. ~U,~, - ,_,~~'~,S '~S u'·jr,,,~:nu,--J~"

20 :LESSON J, -

.0······· ,.- . . '-: ..... " ,tJ-C. -.~

.' . - ,ewa anmasea.",,a an;maaeB ..

N·:::',: '" .,!I!, .: ... _. f~'" -_. - "'f= ,d'I-,aa' J"s '~'l ''!'''f"''·'1.- .. - .... .- .. ' •• ,'L!O'ii.·:· 'd"--~~I

, '. eJga!!iJVI:onn 0·· ,~~U'i' , '_, IS more In .ormall, u;aarll, . rewa'li'

'N'OTES

.. ' ." ... ' ':;-l!: I

i':' .... " " .. ' ri .- .-~. -- .' .

.1.-. Taaaka,-sa:o,

8 .• '0 '~s I. ,ti:tl,e o:f respect ad,ded to a name, so it cannot. be use," af:~er one's own name, San may be used. with 'both, male and :fema'[.e· names, and with either surname or given name, It :ma., even be suffixed to the name of an occupation, e.r~, 'BeDI8Ilb:i,~saa: •. ~1~,M'r~, La,wy'e'r'i~;i

,2~ KoCbira, 'WB S·u·m:is,u-s8n. desu,

Koc'lb:i:r.a,t I:,tthis one," imp'Ues, "this person here" and. ~s' a 'poUte 'wa:y olf :s8',yiog' "this person, t,.

3~ ·H.jiDlemalb:i,t.e'.

Sa],utation. 'used on :mee'ting' ,1\ pe~non, for the :n~rst time. It is· ,2 'form, of the verb bajim·a1I, "to begin, ,.,

4·. rwataahi 'wa] S·U.miI,U d,esu,~

llii ,iii M··· 'Y' n i'lJ "- - e t ~ s:~· . '. ith I. u I.·l~ ~t'· ",1:'1".. S·~·::,· · .. "t· b'·, i',,\

.... .......:. am - ~, ·~m.L~. ~ ~,.- ~ ,I. m", m,l, . 'i' .1

Espe: .• ·.·ciall-y,'· in. conversational Japanese, 'wB'I'.~!b.i. "I," is hardlv ever used,

" '_" ... '_ . . .. II .•... '"... .... ,r.'-- -, _ ... I;!II --'it .:Il,., iii. - . 'J .

A na.1a , "'lyOU.~,·:~ is, :sim:i1-ar:I.y' avoided, especiaU,y when addressing superiors .. 'in

wbic·h. case the person's surname, t~:tle or 'OCCUP;lt~,on, ~Sl used when necessary,

5'" 'I'li':t-l\-\ y:o. ··~A.Db:ik··"· : 'U- ..

II luur~ .. _.l.~' _ , .. __ '.'

A. p;hr,ase used when beijog 'in:troduced" ~.'t is 'us,uaU,y combined with b,ajim~ mubite,~ It :~s also 'used w'he·n. talcJng' one's leave after M'vinR' asked a favor, 'Y:or.es.hik'd. m.@8:n's"jj,LQ:,g',oodn,and,isareq;,·uest:for'tbe other pe: ...• ersen's favorable

_' I' I I

consideration in, the future. It can ,also 'be: used, as io,~.lows.: Ta·naka.-sa;o ni Y'or~

'iJb~ik,u" "Please give my filprds; to, M'f;i T;a'oaka'i""

6. TOlkyo ,Deuti, DO i(Tanaka, d,esu.)~

The possessive' p,artlcJe DO ·iodiclrtes ownership or 1'I!tri'butioD, and comes after the DIO"un"'":' .')'"t m .... OO·:· '1~'fi~'AS' like u: :'c', in 'E-·'n,g:~I"'s··h H" e' -re ')~'I-; shows that M·, .r Tanaka

__ .. ,.-.- ,1,1_" . ......:" 'J" . : : lll~ "],1 e iiI ;.~ ~ .: ····.\:i[iIi,··,1 J._. ~ I', s • I~ 1'_ '_l_ ":':'." .' ...:_' ~, __ ._,Q._ I.", .~ __ .. .:_ ,,-iILI'.-.-:_

bel'OD,g8 to, ,in the sense that: he 'wlwks, for, 'To,kyo Elect:ri,c:~, Ja'pa:nese eustoma-

;0'1 •. . 'ill.., '" d 'I'" oil' h L._" Ii· rod'" d

ny' g~ve' tlll,lie:~r ccm:pany an~. poslt~on. VI .c~_jen, oollla :~n.t "~ ...• 'uoe: ~

t. Dare.'dona;ta:. "~'W'h,O?I"[j

The bas~,c: 'wo,rd fOr' "who" ,is da.,e~, but. dana'ta. is more 'I;)oUte" 1%., K.ochira, wa dare des'lI, :k.a .. "~WhOI is tbls?'"

." K,och.inI, 'wa ,dOD_t. d.es. ka, ~~M'~gbt: :1: ask: wbo this -Is?"j1

P· 'RA'-' ""Y')'C"- 1G'

···l··.··_.r"·_.'\.~,.· _"":'.~I

'I!~ [W:ataabl we)] S'IiIDiSIU d'na'ii

3:., [Wa,blski 'wall ABC DO Sa.misu de8u~!

3i ,Kochira wa TaDaka:-sacD dellu ..

4", T ... ka~ulI 'wa beag,' '"bi de:w. ar,imaaea.

L My mlm,e~,s Smiltbi'

2l1' '~'ji --:-';- :81--:-:- '~:th:, -, ~7"- "~, D,.n:~

_ II m_ mJi ,,' .If'UlJI ~_

3.. This, is Mr .. T-:aftaka~

,_'iI: '.,JI'_, T, ..... _,_l"':-, ~iIl!i, 'KA" :., 'l~e-,. ~II!I lI&nr"1! I ill .......... La I.;~~ ." '~.-PIJII!''';'. -~Ii!'

I Practice the fo:Uo,wing pa'tte,rn by' cha'qing the underlined 'part as in the e:Dm~ 'Ie ,j

:p", gfl,ven,~

tA~ rWataBlii wall Sumil,u ,desa ..

:!." Am,erika Taiu'ikao 08 S.misu,

q, Am" "e'- ,,,;;,~,-,·,,,;jIj;'.~m'ii', " a~ ,t;'1 ,1.,.1;" ~ ,

a be,"II.-.a,'lI.l;

_, ~gul

Q:' ('AB8,ta wa] ,Sa m hla iii san, d,eau ta,., A:: Hid, S'umis. desuII'

I. 'TaBaka

B,~ U~ 'Q: IAnata 'wa] N,ilum,·jin, des. ka~

A

, .. ,ft ..

'1 bcngo' '," ,,' 'sid' ,II!

•. ..,' J •

['.!Ii .... ~ _'-.. .. _.' .:. _ ' __

1 hisho

C'I u Q: [An.ta, wa]i N'iRon-jm, d:11IU, ka, Ch'ilClik,u,iiD deBu t,_ ,~, ,A: Hike,a.jm d,.u,.

, ,

I'ii' Am"," 'e,~:iii"'-'!!!II'lmil;; - 'D, ,~~8' '11I .. ,1'm~'

.. ' - .. ~il!AD [ . !" v .. 11 ~ ~[ ,

2 _. - 'I' kaj- 1'.- '"'

, - "", - '," :" ',,' -', " I',

,I' , " "lIBel, ,',' ,8 ,am

3 ~,ii6'iI.-L,!I! b' 'l,n'L," ~lip8.1;,· .llII.IlO

D, 61, 'Q .• -: I:A:t'ii.ita-· .. ,----~a.)1 ~;-:- ·-;t'c., d.~~-I'; kl~a.-;

__ . _~. W!J ,I.JV'Da._ . _u .... !!

A~ :ID"U· ift'i1=.ciIlllii d·.aA:iltI_ I I! a __ .... Gi. "_ ~a[M-~

11' T8DllkB,

21 A,m'erika IT-aialdIlBII, DO Tmaka 3,~, NirhOD, Ginii 11:0 'Taaka

It 6%~ Q;: 'KilCliln wa d"Data ,lIesu 'k.~ A,: S1IaU.II-8RR, desl1,I'

1 .. 'Tanak •• 8IIII,

2~ Nih,OD 'Gink6 no T'anaka'I'_.D

2··4, L~~'ii..'i 'I

.:..6' .. ~" ,I

,Am:- ' .~iI~~, 'T-, ,-8I~sllika""

_ _ !!c'I",~ . _. fULl]

A -e,n~~~~' '1I?:.nUssr r:u~Il!l} . I .~ JljIUIJlJ. .. __. _

Am '",

e~"iI!'!i<li!IiI! &~~,

- -- -- - - - --

em,bass,

an, ,American, pers()n; (!nufix)1 y,oo,

'=:'? Cq,D,esti,aR, madmr .. pmic&e"

yes.11 certainly' a, l'amanRe

!J \~- - --

Jitpa;n

Amerika~j", -jiB

UB'ta,

'.- I,

h!ai 'N;iIl.D~jiD,

N- ',~ ~:L, __

",_IDlIUU

De

:bi8lb. ICb'illDk,u~jm,

Cb'igeku Deit. __ ,-,jim

D-- , ..... _

OI'!U!liU,

,pk'glei biellaiD. ldoota 'N:ihOD GlinkO

,ginito

:00

se- -creta- - -':'--ry' - ,

.' to,

0' '.-. _ • ','.

~.:

a ,",,[Uoe.se

C'bina- ~

- -, .

-' ~' ... _.

a German German'y' slwdeat

co'~pany e:m'ployee

"II'I.,,'t.._"'I~1U

,Baak 0,' Japa'D bank,

l.~ Samj8u): T.&kB,-SaD, dlela :ka"

,I,

'Ti.aka:: :B'ai, TaDaka ,d,es •• ,

SumiJsu: T:alllakaiii88D 'W,8 _lIsei, deau kL

Tanaka:, lie" ,Iakuaei, dew~_, l.nmaBCD}!!, KailJllain de.II~,

S ~"th-

. I' ,_ .•

ml"

Are 'YOU Mr" Tanaka?

Tanaka,: 'Yes I' I: am.

Smith,: Are yO\l a s,tudent ..

Tanaka: NG. I;m not a, student.. I'm a cnm:pany ,emp,loyeie,~

2.. Mr;., Hayas:hi introouces, Miss, Y:mmada'to Mr,. T8BIka,~

HI,aa'bl: GcHhGt-'cai 8IIi,mu1Il. :Koc'h'n, we, 'Yamad.1au desu,~ S''l1m:iBu~8IID no bilbo

d~u--- - K'\,--LU1l!t---,,- .... ' -', T;.",rna- t ... - __ arft ' ............ 'iliiIi_

~-a _ -'I!" .~:: J • -IPF.! ~ aa~, ~_~

Y:amada: HBjimemasllite. Yamada rdes,u~, DHo YG,rosiIiku., T:auaka:: H'ajiim,em_lte. Taaaka deatl. :D6zo 'yo,msbi'ku,~

H- ''l..,~

, -_ ayasa],:

Let me, imtrooJuoe you .. Th'i's, 'is, Miss, Yamadla~ She :is Mr!, S:mith'ts secretary~, Tb.is is, M'rt TaDakaj

How do you do~, My nam,eJs 'Yamada .. , I'm very glad. tomeet you,;;

U;;iI d- M' ~, 'T' ,_1. 'I'f'· .... IIIi'ii,AI io. -

nOW' UlO you ,-,C'~ _,',_'Y name'-:s, '._,·,altuB .. ,It m 'very' .~gI~ d) meet, 'you~

'y,'amada::

Ta'nak,a,:

ICMI- h'at ... , I' BIll' , ,I' -- -, -, -

,:u. ' ,-1" 'I,

, 81 ., IJIDBBU.

'-Y-'--' -' ........ ,-,..1'

, "I"IHlUa

Let m@ introduce , , -,:;',

_ _ _ __ __ __ yoo_

.1, SUma'nl,e

1~i'_'tO' '-R'.'T; '0'1' .it iii' ,~!I"~ 2, -', 9

ap. ~lUI~ o

om z

. . .

',_:_. ,I, _. ··~·~·_·_I

- ~

- I I .-

• • • - I •

• • • • "II ';

'~ ·S'-"·'·U·p,·'pnm:nO' 'UnU' I 1Q'Pa M··· r :S'm' ,:tb· in '. th -8 o·ftliliift'~na ·d:· 1 ia '110, D'l1'!I'e ans Wl':-EIit". the ''"n'1II0:-' mln"g~

I .... : ... -·:- .. ,·.~I_I·D ~JIU 1 ... [~ .I·~"f·-li' ,·:.'····rll .-J ,'" __ .[j~ ·~·r".£." I .... ·---I .. ··,el~I--" :"_'_II::lf' "L~" .11J~ Ilvll·-' .. 'R,I_··· ",

i'~

''11'1 'II'IAO' '1IA'l\'!li;G

. - I~ . VII.&i3li

. .

L Dona·,ta, d,es. k~_., ,A,.

21 N'ib" .- - ,.iI, - d -- . 'k-

~I~~. _.I _oa'IijJDI,_:_jesu _:_8"

A.

'~,. 'Il'-L':'.;b- .• -- :m't-r'·.ld-"_s-u' Ii.;,_ .. L.--'~·,bi .. ,iii' ,d,':'~U-I. k- :.:.~ "

>Wi. ft..... . ~ . AlIt! IIC'~~ .. ~ , __ •

A.,

II C'om:plete 'the qu,estioas :10 t'bat tb,ey ·fi·t, the answers,

1'1 C .) d'eall ·ka,.

Bai, Sa.i.iI, des;u •

,21 :Su·miS.-SBD WB. ( ) de8u ka,

lile, Daits,uMjiD, d,ew,a, ,ari'DJaseu,.

,3;; Summ.,~BID. 'w. ( ,) deBa, ka, kais:ham, d,esu :ka,.

Beagosilli, Idesiu.;

AI, K_~L:~. WTGii ,I. ) .. Id.·' a, ·'S·. :.-_. - ka "_'_' ......

'_iI!l ~____:~ .... 1_ " _,.... _ _ '!!"

ITa- _1..... illtlllr'ft d' .AQi'il'1ii1 ,-'. 'u.a' -san ,1_Wlloil;.

'1- v --" !'.- (: ." ,~l 1·;I;i:t '. .,.

'I ,.,

Iii) S - - ,.i._ - - ABC" '. '1"" " ,

"'.ji ~·,·'UmrlIU48D wa, ,.', '. ->,~,' ,

IV Traaslate ioto Japaneset

1 '1' s:-' ~th' .:-1

.~ ,.m:.ml-I

2:., H:low do you do, I'm glad 'to meet you,~,

,3. Miss 'Yamada, this, ~s Mr.~ T,anaka, of Tokyo, Electric .. ,~ .. , Is, M'f I, S,mit'h Am.erican 'or' German.?'

L'"'S<S':,O','''',''''N':,,''' '

_&l .... .::. ... :...:_ ... , ...

.

AD- 'D"-R' -"'E":'S'~:'S-~ ',,~ A'-', N'-", ID- ", :T' '-'E- --"~'L' E-;- --'P~'H-" -"0'-' ""'-'N"';I'-E~'

, .. 1 .• • •. : ... , "~ ·.·:~ •. _ ••• I-~.·. ~~~~., .. _,_. ~ I..:_____:_~I "':~ .-"-" ~ '," ",: .• " ... I

-- -- -

'N''-,,'- U_"iM.'" 'B-',E-,R'·,-.,

I '_ . _ .• ' __ • ~,_J

_._ - - - ---

. .. _.. - . __ . ._ ------- _ .

t: '~i '1;''- : ,t", t: L U) s»: , L, "1:'~r 0' ~' '; ,~:P 0,

,A, ~ ,A : ~~ '1 b ,~ I.} '1;'< t: '1 ,:~ '~\ , t To:, h tl '~~' ,t, ~ '-1;.·r 6'-;0

#:.. ~'''.J..,,, '''-','(>,1- ~- ~,-r ,J.~ i., .... ~,,4"'~'_ rz: ~ ~I ~ _ ,~;t." \;.? \" "'0 r: a., 1/ \., 0

"

1:.: .J._ ... '1;' - ," -l.,. At: 0'):,-

~' I Ii: ~ _, :",,',," ,,-, ',', ,"

.... ' ~ . '!;;,,;;"-

A ~ A, :: ': ,ttl:.t?

. . . . . . ~ .

t: '~~ Ii' :: :(f'\ \, t, JP' Q)' ~~ t, ~ -t_.-; Q ,t: i ~' ,J: -1 ~.,,(, ~ ~*r,(j,

A, ~ A :: :: tt,~;1 '6'\\,' L ~ U) ~~'A,~,~,;[,~,:. ? '-""(+T'7)\~

t:. 'fJ.~"i' :' Itj:\,,~ ~'\'" L • IrTJ'~~r 0 03~3400--900l~~T',o ? i; q) ~·}A"h ti' ft, z: 1 ti 045-32&-8871'"t~"T' 0

Taoa'ka: 'Watasibl DO m,eishi ,desK", Dizo~,

S-' llii

, --" -' ..

c,.mIIS1I.

Ta-'D-:I aIt" '-"ca:,~

__ ,.. ,_9

:S'umiS'II: '''an-~ , _ '~II~aill!: ,." IIA._.

Sumi •• ::

'Tanaka:,

Tanaka:

SlDi,tb::

'Tanaka:

Smith::

Tanaka:

Smi.tk:

T~n, .... ll.--1!! -- Q-I.lj!L&..iI,iIj

ng, _. . . - ~. .,J;..., . iii' ... 'Il". - .. .. T'" - '-ka ~. , d' - ,. - '11-' .,

&n)m'o 8 J1I8 liN' go-Rlmas.iIi QJore' w. -, I ana .:. _,-saD, :0,0 nama,e_-_e8i'tI, , sa,

E- .. " ... --"". ·d-_,'-'- ,-, TA·~· 'N"'A·· _'V'.A. d'~' ,'-- ,

-e, so ,eBO. c_,::,_--,~,-, __ :: _,!!I!.IL/1 ~-- e.g,.

It- 0·· .~, aJla,'~

_.,:&r~ ""j f

iiiiiiiI iiiiiii

"K·:"·':·'b-'.'- :D-'O~ DB, lma'-~ e - d· ·a-' ''1'\0'' -"'.K- -_H,y·-:O-'" n--·iEN-··- .11". d·, ·.aGU

I .: - . .IIaJ&D _ .. ' ti t-, ,1 " _._. . _. "[ ',' ~ ·~.U!i!' ,S t ...... - I :1 ... _._'_./ :__ .. - .. ~._ I -ftJl . I ~q _'_iIIl

ore 'W8, :kaiaha :80 deaW8~baa_' usa, ka",

~R~ 1'.'1_' , 'Im- ':'·-"I"a"".~ '0:-.01 d~ a8~ 'u- . '~'~""_liil._ ·0'0'·· iI:iI'oi,D- .W'OD·· .z·e· ... n.....·e· ~ro--;" 'D"O'-", 'k' < Vii 1IIIII!.'rDIP,iHi.-,

, . ~._, . _: E:JR _ __ '<. _.~ ;. ~.,~!l:II'IIiI&I. ....,~ ,11· _ ,_ ~ ii, ..,....:IiJi!~ _ .~.. , '~ - '6f~., v-

.' 'b'·' d 'U '1..::: d' - L ,_ - 'Ii

:18,D~IIC l .. :- nu. . .1,1:10, DO .:- eDwa-iuaDlO WB, ze'r.yO,IiI,~101 80 ,aaD,-DI-'

rok,tI .01 ba,chi,·,[backi,·DRna~:i,chi, lies.,

This is: my busness card, Please ~ .. ",

""I""L._,_'L, .y' :00. . . I!II'''~~ 'IR'iI;U' '''''h, - _ '1-8; __ : 'iI._:,,".,:,~ t-y' ·\i!'!i'ur' ' : ,)~, ''':!!lIi'~e·~

,II ~lilIlIL ". _ l l"~.a~' ~IL., _~. 'Il I _. 1I1Ug "_:' 1'-' r l.~Ia&III!. !II

'y··<~s, ~, T, ,,:h' ... 'J~~ :rin'"'it., T-) ;:'QI~aka.,

. e _ .II. ~ II!; "'A,iIIL _ ~,L~ __ ~_

And,tbisl

(Tbaf's) tb,e name of m" Q,ODlpaay" 'T'D~c) E~ec:tric,~ Is 'Uds t:b,e: roDlpan',"S tele:phoDe' :number?

Yes, i:tjj,s, the anUp8DY"S;o, (03,)' ~9031.~ (My,' home ,telep'!b,one :numher' Is ~045')

326~887l~,

'",

,35

watasbia,o meishi

:m'J

business card ,(li't "name card")

please (:acce,pt'),

Thank Y' '0' 'u ''I:I!eru' m mch

~ __ !II' ,·., ..... 1- I .. "I' I'" • 'r'- __ !Ii

doze

._ •. .l('fi; ,~ .. ~ .. -d- damn ,ari,.'·.ato $'I.",~."~' ·aimelu

.._, ,._ "\f .I~ ,I B~

,dIO'IDO

8ript6 IOzaimasu ~:'ore

118 .- ~

__ :.:mall'-

v,ery much

"I) am ' .. )' 'fI'II"Q' tef' ":- ·'~,",.'1 I

'IJ.- L - ,_ .. liII.' ", .. :" -UI

ee

8,0 d.es •.

'k',o" ~, 'fi~'

L " &.~ "[.~

name yes,

that's right.

as fer this? company' telepbone number telephone

number

I't'~ th . - - any' !I..

.. ; lS.ue com,p'" :.:' ':5 ..

hoe.

"Bishs denwa·~'banli dleDJW8, 'bqo

k iii . ...1.-. .....

,alfua :-10 ~g

chi,

:1. M;_ll~i.

J~'p' 'ane',·· "···se·:·· c. 'p. art 1 - 1'" C::'":':'" log rly··:· th "0' '~'e" in I...;o.~ ~ .... in el~,g ('!ih~lrrv 'b, " US· "1'"10-' . a~s·, c· ··a··' rds w~-'~b' -II~ ch t .. he .... - Iy'~ le'~x'"

!a;: .. ~--- .. - ... :. _ -_ -, .. IW~~ ': ,.'-:~ - ("J" U1Ui5~. '~~'I -~~J _._ .. _._ .. l .. ).~~" .... ,1. '-.1 k ' .. '_.' :_:_

change durin" introductions. A. few h and-written words on a business card. can se'rve as a convenient introductien.

2~ Kore wa Ta'Dak'-',-saa DOl namae desu ka,

N ··t,·· th·'-·· ·t- ... 1tb'l "', .',' 1'1).,. ad dr -'.', :'.:" . ".;, 'M'i]" -T' '" -, ak '-. .... ·M····· "', S···· ith 'I:' : ... ,._. ... ·h:~·· '." .. , .- ... ,,'. ratber De '. la, _ ,all _lODgn la·. . .... e,ss.mg ,_.·c_f... Ian. ·3" ..... r ~c mil _._C' ses ,lIS nam,e , ,. I .1 .. _ r

than ,'.' ,.'t. '.',' "· .. ··'ta:·· --. U, 'j " ("S"'):-"- N·'··t···J ". '2~:"1 .

_.IHllll, sa.yang an,. I. no", your III . elf! '- [0 e '~, p,,,.c...

Ai ~& d'; . ·u-··

~. au .. 1 . I.

When .. rep:lyllli to questions that end with dl .. ·~·.U ka., IU' can 'be used instead of

- ' .... 'peatiD~ :- .:i "1 ,:~' th·· I.: r • -', • ,." '.' •

r-e .' . 1 I. 10' J I! ·e· DOUD;.

~ I'" .. LiD· - , [ ) - ~- ..

5 V ..... · 'a"''Q!

til RU;~ _, .,e

A ri,liq' mtonaticm, on, tie particle wa makes tb'is informal phrase a ques-

i-l Aft WI- ;oth' ''"1- - . t' :~ng th··_. e q-- - e - ti" ,i! -. .. ker ka'

·1U!U'D.' __ · .. ·~·_au 'US1~'~: ~ " u ~ 1_0'0 mar '.' '~.'. '.' :.

26 :LESSQNJ

"', 1(63',:"')'" '~"'i~9 ••• ' ·.0·' ···3·~·: I

'f .. ,.U,~ ·, ..

Spo',kS'D ,a,s, zer.aaa DOl .. a·yoD\.zero-ze·ro 0,0' : ·:yi~zenMI •• ,·,ie'bi" The area

~~AI.a, ('T' --nt,....,~,"a is :O~··II')·)··, th e' , 'e','V'ch'- .-~ - .~. id the r '1';;' '1... .... - .'.. '~::- ~ ied b '.- ·th'· .' n~ .... ·~·iII-

L\.Kl!liii;. I: .. UAyU Q .~' ·,'UJ.I __ .,J .. :..A;1~a.qge ,an: t. if!: nu,mUt;lr are ]om . .o·"Y H--!e ~.",lye

:BOji, In, telephone D'l!JDlbers, 0 :is a.iten, ~n,oun,ced ,zero, in J:ap-=aneIBI'

, r'&'~". [I

,I~ N,BDi/D8D~t tl~wbat':'

UWhat;!~' :is 'Da'Di", bu't, i.t o;ften, becomes DaU,t as In K,o,re wa nan dug, ka, "What. is tbis~:"'"

9., NaD~banJ iiCWitat. number?"

£It. T,RD_b- .. a, D'D ded.wa-bapI6 'WH, .oaa·'baa IdeIU, ka, "What is Mr~, Tanaka'a telephone, number?'

PRA' .: . C .. ····TI··C··:·E····'

:', _.,.- ... ~ ... [._. ~ ; ~~. '. -.~-

KEv S","E~"N-"T" ·'~IR\:IC···.·:'~!S'·~'I" ....... - -.......,_.,... ............... ---- .............................. ..........._---~~ ............... ~ ___ r;l, . ,", - ',. , ,~~ .. __ Q._:.

,

2., Kore wa 'meishi d,e_. 8'rimaB'BD,.

3~ 'Ko,re: w,a. T.D8k.,~SBIl ,11,0 to:kei, ,deau,. :KON' 'wa T'o'uaka-lsan, :00 d,estl~ 4II' Kaiau, DID dID;wa~haDgO wa (03,. ,3400-'9031,desD,~

'ill T'b' '.'.. b'~ ..II (.'T"L b ~ .Al ).

,1I, ", '.,', liS :18 a,USlD,ess, caroL." c_;, '~~ese :Ire :X:1I1Siness! CU-tlS,. "

2" This lill 'not a bu.sin.ess cardi

3" Th~s is ,Mri Tanaka's 'wa:tcb'i 'This; is Mr .. 'Tanaka,'I,. ,4·" 'The compaoy":S, telep'bone number' is ,(,03) 341)0-'908'1. .. ,

:I. LoOk at 'the pictuftes and, pra,cti,ce the following pat,tern by c,hanging' 'tlhe

un,derlin,ed part as in, the exam'pll\e: ,gl".ven,"" -- - -

ex., :K,ore '.,8 lDIiski Id.u,~,

II' :bDD

2, 'Bkim'ban, ,31 'tl.okei

,411' :k.1i

5. deB.,a I~ kanona,

'~Il' IB-'~I'''''''

'g .. 'II!;. ~I

, 11

6,

'c!¥iI:"lDC~I~.m;, ,g.' :!!7,_ r ~_~ '_,~ :,.'~~ 1fiI,'

'II Make' dialogues ~ changing the underlined parts as· in the examples given, Ai ,a'., Q:: K • re 'wa 'm,eishi desa ka,

,

A' '. 'ii it ,'IIi...':!:d

' ,lI:: RBI, m,eJfim .~, ,e8U~

A -iii '("I··e- m-' ~,. -lhl ,I' d·@!ii''i.."i'a'·-'....JI:-,---o·B·o-,,' d ~ ..

.rLIiI;'; " ":Ii: I eJII ~I ': • ~ ... ; ia.'1I:~' .', I' ," " '.~IU'I!I

I, hn" ,kimib'UD

,a j~' .ho, den,~'t. _ag6

B'i a~ IQ~ 'Ko~e wa DID, d,eall ka .. ,As, Ha,." ,I de _U~,

1. tok,ei

,a~ 'kali

3., denwa,

C~ ,g. . •. ~.':, 'Ko.-,e wa TBUII!ka48' [', 00 'k,urwua deau :"a.

As:: Hal, Taoakaii!S8D, DQ kuru'ma. deelu,. Tanaka--SBD ao ,d,esu..,

,2i :kai.sba,

. a., QI=: Ke~e wa dare DO hOD d:u :k;8~ A,:: ,'8Daka18D n.o rdelu"

'3' aahi'""

.' -"..' '.' I' ~ J "I

'.:'." wat, '

o~ lero/','.' .,

1 '!i ~b'l

'II' Ie"" I

2 ..

~ DI,

:3,. lIIID

4't . ~,~ 'iJ,OD 5,10

6" roku

'14" jrishiljflyoD

15' 'liliilld

"", )',-.0

16", j·irok,u,

17'" j:uBh'icl!liJjfmaaa 18" j;Ubacbi

19" ,jiikyi/jiiika ''!I',Q,'I .';;u"

,£I ," ,~I,

IV 'Telle)llboDe numbers; Practice say~ng 'the following telephone numbers, (03) ai742~89fH3"i Z.n-alD, aD .. n.Dan~7oll""Di, 8.1' 'l1:achi-ky8~p- !QI!! M01E"05634. :Sn·'_'n-:ler.i,chi DOl gro-rob,"'IB8D~yon'l

Zero" 'yOD~ nana, and :kyu are used :for G,. 4J, 7 and '9 in telephone numbers,

V- M' ','-" ke ", 'd-'~al"'" -, -', b 'jt..,c:-:!" r : .. 'be.", id ,-. 'I:',: ....... .oiI ,-,-;-".,-· .... e ",' L 'lb'" "', -"" ",--:', - ~',,',··I,'- m~- ,-

, , a "" ," t : c'gues .: y c~ ,a,nglDg !!,.. e un, .. ,Ier In,cu, ,pa~ I.Oi as 111 ,ie @xamp,e D.'~ ven,~,

:: Kai:---~8, :001 d,en,walibaqi 'W8 :-'ll~bl!D, A: ,3742-8920 desu,

I., ",: __ ko,; 3325 ,~"871

2., galIkrO;1 (:109;)1,3'781.-6493

3., T .. aka,iIi~'·, '. DO 'UIClli" 3,956-4·158

28 ir'V~SO"··" ."N! 'til

. ,~.""".' '. ~

, "

_.ill

'lion (I;hi'buo kaifli

~l.

ka-; ra--- -m-- - t,

• • ". - I,. ___:

book, 'oe'wspaper 'key

car

a- ddres IS-

:' :1 ' _-,','

, __ l _"_" • ~_.

W,,'i;..,'iI'!iot

Ihi '

•• n dare'D,o nao~bu

1.;lJau,

gakko

wh'- '0" f!i~,

.I_ ..•• ~

what, n.umiher number sebool

: : I avash 1·'~ ,:' a.,_,~_::, '.

'-T' " .... 1"'"\~ '.

, - aRa:a'a,.

Is ,this Mr. Smith~s 'w,a,t-ch?!

Y '. til! 'M" - S,- '- -- - ~'t'L '. . -. tc 'h-

@S,~ it S"--I'r~,'m' ,:,1;1 S wa:' ,"

2. Hayashi: Kore 'wa SumisD,iisBD no ·tokei. des. 1m.

IS-: 'g-' w<Miij;iI:!ifU'·

.:. " _~ !&I!..iI.aa'. -" . ,iii

H'ayashi:

S- 'm' I"tb" - •

, I • I ~ I I _ "

3 'B--' b- Iii

. : __ .~·I: II;:

S'umis:u::

Is this "our watch? Yes it !!I"1i!!! m I y W",'f,~rt; ..... 1..

'.' It :. - ~ -, '---." '_' g , U.l.,

lie T-'·n,-1' .. '-.~:arJ" 'ii"Ii 01 dewa arimaRDftl, W-;-" atas : .hi 'nOI dlegu"

, , ,u..IIIlfL;, :-gAU, ,11;1 _, , ~I_ _ __~ __ ~ I

·Hayas,hi.: Is this Mr~ Tanaka':! 'book?1

Smidl: No, -if:! 'not Mr,. TanaJm~",si It's ·m'me .. ,

4, - ,Su- 'miBlu':

._<Ii ~:___, ~ -----' __ ~ ,_

, 'ji8'b-, <Iiii,.:

,~ r~1i

S'- -mia,D':

_,"_", _ ---

'Blaha::

S - ,-,'·:t;L~, ' __ ml_u.,

Sec tary-

ore'- __ '::

T,I'iaihUc.:ft DO dea,wa.banli' 'we, 8r' , ,·baa, d_:~lu. 'ka, 3325-,',634 daBD.

G,illkol :00: d,eD'w.~baa80 wa? 3423~O,2 ,de! ~ I,.,

What "is the telephoue nwnl.r of the ,embas,s,y'? 'I-t-li", 3'3"2'-'5" ·7-'6-=·"lt,.i

, ,S·."--.'-~ ...

Smith:: 'What .:bout: the telephone Humber of the ban'k'?

Secretary~ Itt" 3423-65102~,

Q"···Ul'-"Z····· I

'! .1." •.••. , ," :' .. ~

I 'Look at th' '. 'Uluslu,I'ted 'business card and answer the questione, 1., Ko___:-,~, .. ~~-, :BaD, d__:~,u, -::a.,

2,j, :K,o:re 'we, 'k,aisba DIG aaDlB,e dies·g 'ka,

,a,. 'K,o're' we, 'Taaalmw8BD a,o; u1chi '.01 ji.h,o ,d,esu ka" 'kaisha DO d:es., ka,

n-;Y"'R-" ·2'_-· g. " .:UlUii!1 .. (<:'

P-'6"':

, 1

I - ....

..... ' ~

m T

1 ___ J

.::::., I

Ichird T' ~M, .... ,li.'_

rcmro ,ru.~iU\A

3'~""""""'- 2-:l NUih:ub'Y l~dhome" M~)jt'e·:~~ T'Qkn, lCi

TEL. ((1t'U 3'4~90l1 '---+==-4,- 5

4~ ·K.o,te wa T,DD.aka'-s&n DO g,e'bl nc d'eD.wa-bugo desu ka,

5~ Taoaka-sao :D,O kaisha no den,w,a~baalo w,a, DaD.-baa delu ka,

Ii.e'· kaiRha. D,O· ·d,ewB .mmaate:D,. Delli. no desa,

---, -------- -- -- - " -- -------- --- - - --- -- - _., - - ---

,2j~, 'Ko're WI, ( ') DO, juah,o, d,e&iU ka.

'Tanaka4BD, DO ,d.u,~

3,., Ko,re wa, ( ,) darn! kail

'Tok,ei de,s·g.

4,~, 'Ta'Rua-sa'D, :0,0 uehi :D'O deu'w8(!!!baogD 'wa (

3""3' '2' iI!:: 7' :6'" '3' Ai d

I,' .. ~. ~,~ I Y ' .. :li.l~ (', ".' "1 ~~: .. ~ :':.1 leIU'!ii

)-]1 Put th' be ap 'P' :-'''''''P' n~i~,te"" nart lcl a,1I:!! I t"ii th'" e'" pa, rrentheses,

, " , u __ _¥ U, ." !J' U' t ,_,Q,,' ~Q:" 1'"'- _,!I(;;,~ 1.1.,._ , __ ' ,_"" ~,' ll.- , I~r~"" ..

t. :Kocbira, ~ 2~, Kore ( K,aisba ( :Kore ,(

Kaillba (

31' Ko~e (

,-

I eR'D,

,_ , __ 4

) donata desn ka,

) nan ,deBD, (, )1.

'~d" - ,- 'b'l- - - -0'" d_:' ,- , ,

. - : ._~ .' . ',. c· ., I: -_:. ': I t' ~ . ' ..

, " enwaanl_eBa •

'?

"

JI jiusb.o de8u,~

) watashi, f J kllruma ,d,ewl, ,B'riDl88ea,_ Kaisha (

IV''- T' "'!. ,- 'I' ,t ' ,~- ,t" J'" .. ,' ,

,', ,ra:ns a ~e '~n cO " apa'ne;s.e:~,

I, This is Mri Tanaka ..

2'~ This is Mr" Tanaka's 'business card,

3~, This :~s' not Mr., Tanaka's home telephone number, It is, ,t'ut of his 0001'pan".,.

4~, What is 'your company's '~elepb,O'ne number?

,SOl LE-SSON' ,2

DA'" 'y' .,: .. , AN' '. "-"'D-"" T'IM" "E""

l :' ,",", .... ..r", •• '_", I '. ':. . i ~

_ _ :1 " ", . I. .' : I" '-: .. "' (. . ... ..,.: .. _ I ", ~,.. . ..... -

------ -

- _._._-

'M' 'S' ·th- : d- ). .'

, "'_, .r, -·,:ml: _ ••. goes to ,a I •••. lepartment [s[to'reiJ,t :18 'Dot open ye't.

~'::::' ~ '", Al,A Iii'

_;t_:,. 1: f: '~ d'\ In N' ~ '11,.1'

~- ",,", A

~ -.' Iii'

I I' _··.·~·I I!'

A_ .... A

. : . 'I,

- .::::., " .,,' , '-' '.'

t··

..

- .:.

'~ .. ~: ~ ,~~IO' \' '~

I,J ~~~IN... I~.

'" '9: t "'SL·,O·' , !i.~1 4+"~

<Ii ".' , l.,.. ':' ',', !!P'') '," "\' ',", ":I IOI[

~ At' 'Liiio ~"~' IJ

'I' [' ." ,-.~ ,I~' I 1 ,'.' '\. ,

,d, , ,""" ", " ',0

7'" ,([~, ~"L1 tL ~ Iv r:. 6' ~ ~~ -r if' 0 ;rJ. l: :, 10 C' 6' t; '~"-r 0

'~~ ,A.; t:' ':!: ~'.'1:i~'T 6'0 :rl' z :: ::~:~ 6, L t, 1:~ ~, ... t" 0'

:Sumiau: 008. BO bi:tOl: :8U'mil'U,:; ODDS :DfJ 'hi.to,:

S'u:DliS1I::

100 .. DO lIi~l,o:

'S;:' -

"U' 'DU' au' .'

,'.: .. ' '_" ,. g' '_'ii,

10""0" '08' :," '0-0' ", L!lt"O'·

," _-:. : . _ .. ' - .. ~ lUI. -: .. :...".'

' ..

A, ~ ,,A ::: ~~ i b &J ~,' tI,(, t ? 10

t-;' ,k ,tL~ !l1) r> >!. :, l:'~ i \ ,,~ l. '! L ~ 0

Sm~.'· :;I!.i." i; : ','. 'iIIC.U!,~

Worna'n::

Smith.: .WomaR~::

Smitll,:

[11- - __ '.' iO r ~;1 'I' 0"-,[" l:-'~' 6·., ,'1",' ,...,- ill, ' "

'....,-1· ,,~" .,[', _'. ~

'" • I~'"': . "."

Sa .. I'''la~n'' - 1', ·[ g-a·- "B-lii;l~ ·de·Dllili k-[:,' •

. ·._,,'_UJI____jgQ_· '.~ • .,. ' ' I. c·· , ,1" .ii3i., ,_' ,~

K '·1 II· ell

[." 'I .Ii '," . I 1 -'I-:-r', i'- - - . -'j ,.,._ • ,_,- I

• ~ , ;IOJappUD, , .. 1 ,nu."

'n"":",,pa'" ·'''0'' -"'a· '.,aID· 1.;'11' t- ~'B- , •• d. iDiaU' '1111,,,,,:-,

.I.I_'- ~"_ .1,- .. 0 I, I '~ __ ' . -,t I 1.,1,_',_, ", - _J~:. __ ,1LII1i'

J i.-ji, ara, ,dle&'U'ii

N' -, ,_i;~ ". 'd'-' d: .- - - - kl .-

-_aD~JI mae ,.' ,elljlU, ,a~,

Go.o . "'k' "'~-il,!III' ~,-, ... ", 'd' "-, ~-

, " ,,8 ~ roc .11 ,I, UlllUe. eIIU,.,

0 .... - -,j; , to'~

. I I" ..... :._ j". I

_ 0,10.0 anga, .' '~l

Do )>!!i',t':aab: .'UD~' I .,Ga,hl- '1Ii"'e:

_ _ .. lAG iIifiI, "", ~

P-~oae'," 'm' ~Ie' ~ 'W,;, ,'[_-L, ... "III; time · ~~, lilt· 'ft~lIlf.'1

.A~.. Q-. _. !.I c - -Ii . ~~~ ~I~,._ ,~ ~ . ll~'" 'I!

1-:1,1, Oi .. ~JO' _' -, S ';r~liiJI' ,'Eli

'What: time does, the st-or-e open?

:I'·t· ,-, ... - t 1- 0; · .. Nt

~,-, opens at ,':~VV, ..

H·'~' - , '~ .... ;.._ d'~ oe'~ .- :~t-Ittay' OT'lAnI' ow ,_~~ ,,' S 1_ S_" c:r-.'''~'

It stays ope,n UflltU 6 P ~ M,., [T,bank 'Jou, very much.

'n-. ..... I't, 1i'n4--n'~-n i:t' _ LAJI,ll. [- I.II~II~IV i tIJ a •• ,

31

!II

SUmlm8SeU

I'

lID 8

" I. " U~I~

Iillriii

'OUl·'ll

,·Jl

•• alDG'hila 0.0

:bito

ku,~J;i ,18jiuppun'gej'ippun ·fmI~. ·,ua

Idepiw!

k.'ra,

_,;00 - _'. Il_

r~"'''''''''' II~

.,Ii. 'II,

,i'~

ior

f~-'-'

I .....

- - . ,'~

ri _I lliill.

II'·JII

mad.e'

I0IO nkultji,

Ido .itasbiDIIISbi.te

sr

:t:,~ i \ ".~ L :! l. '1:.'

Excuse"-' .. ..... '01-' . e fI' lim- - 8O-"'C rry' ..

"'. _ .. _' I r-a, '. .... ,._

.. -, [ 'Il __ ' _1 __ c ,.,_ •• ," !!II

.now

w'ha,t time n'el eck

O-I:_OC.:c

W'~i~,n __ UAIiI aJj-11

W,ifii,'ft'IIi,!!!:li'D'" fe m- , .... 11~ _, V\II,IIHiIL" 1'- ,,', ~

person

9 o~c'Joek,

50 :m'ioutes m._--~-~

___ ~_UK;:

department .store 'from (pa'ri,i,cl.e)

10' o~c]oCk

until ~particle)

P~M ..

~ '0- ,!J',p·,lL .... ""',l. U ".'. ~I~~,

DQD~t mention it .. fY:ou 're welcome, ~'ll:t'. "1 *iWhat bave (/1) dnRe",II,).

~~ _ 1_. 1_- __ 1, __ ' .• _'. ' __ U' '_'. C!I!l ._-

I, Saminlasea~,

S'umi'maaell", 4:'~:Excuse ·m,e'I:~· prefaces a request s[u~h as, asking' a strange'f fior'

1• 'gl.nr· 'ma- .. '- ti, ion - '1' t ca' -.'. n---:- 1i'lo'1,~,o m--::-'- A~ n "4:T" 'han k' -'" y. nUI- n ,,' I 'm . s· .niI"n1_ :Ii:li nr' "Pard '0· .. n '-m' 'e- '_ :U

. .l-1wl·l_ '_c' " \1.,.1,. I~' __ ... __ AI~w [ ~IIP.LII. [' ,·M '.' !,·u 'I' I" • 'JI] ,.t~ •• ,fI·tr. ul .1 .:_·_'_:._·!J:.:_.·_l L'll _:.

2-'- J- ,... iii, k- dOl G' - k- iii'. ad'- d

:". ,I U-Jl . -:}-ra :- ,eIU., .,010 ro_ 'U'-JII :m~ ae ·.,U"

uF:"r'-~1 I-In o'clock :t:. "-''':U'''' 'u-''''16-':'' 'p--;-" M--" UI

". .'U/;ai,iI:,li .. i U I~ .~_ ~_~.I!! '- D . "'- .....•. I, ... 't,

Particles :~o:now words, rather than proceed them. (See G-rammar :II~ :Pl~, 53~).

N'·' ·-t·· -' ... :I ... I ..... ,t·- ,'" ','. ·''''e1ad-·--'- ·-:-f-'·----c· ... -,'I!'.~ ka 'ra- hi __ ·I,r!j. -- -, . ":":·ilit· '~"" ·C. -'-.' . fro -,---- 1-;Mil1 ""111'11'k-" :11":1' the--· -.

. 10:e U.'_c .~ns' ...... ~' . _ Oc_ . 8-:11 .. _' - '. - . g, ,-.aIm_liD t lit Ui, open, ,'. ,'~: - m .. u 0 CIJ,OC ". _- ~.

W'-'""!I.:i "open" ,:~~! 0"'-' ---':""H-,D'd'- -Wh',,:--,-::_ I' ,;ii.':'r~ . erb :(C!!' unders ·t·-·,"",-~ n:ni-, "Y!:' tho -·e·· 'Ik·-·e'y·· ·'nil\iD'~..I~,

ulru .. > .~~ ', ml_,_~ :::_"" ,en. ule V@(· :liD I , UE lJ'tN.l" Vi, . . I ... ·.· .. ·.n'!,-.il:UB:II

4,- '.:'-.!!'i!' Im- - - - - k-l- , ••. -- - d- -1 L Dr d" b .AI - - --. ·ft·-c~-- -- - - -. 'd-I

"I,le'fe JU-JI - _: _·ra. ',0.",-)1 ma: ei :.1,0 . owe :-., ~y g,esu, are D;_Jen use ,t,

- .

3wI When,

H' N··· '1I!!IIi' U. ']l... . !O, ,',', ,our,.,. an"'JI,. . . W.Il.lat tnner' .

Day O· "f-" ,-'L.e·· . '!l."AA'k' a:taD-·· v'o""b- 'liI! ·:"W'h,iC-'b·· da-'Y' 0-'-'1' ;I;,1!,.'e· I!lDee' . -'k- ,'~[t~'

, _:~.' ~,' ,~:~,~:" ;ri"~~_'_t, ~"II_ _ • ~., '.., . ,., :; _ -, , ._- .i. '.' >: ,~.' .~. L IUII,_.ft".·. _ :_.-:.,~

'Day of the' month, ,Nan,~Diebi, ~~wbi£h d-ay of the: :mloDth,?P'~ Month,.. N~.-C·a·, -·n. • •• 1'18-:- -.'1i1! - '··'I:w··. rh I~"C' 'h month~"

~ _ ~ _ ~, .' 'I~' .'1.11,1 . _ 1 I .. 1, _ , ~

'Time :m gen,erat Itl'u" '~'w:b,e:n?'~

32- ! L' ESSO' ";N' . 3

I l'., ~, .. ,',

'~""'"

P-- 'R··,·A,:·,·,···C······'I·',C· .. ···'··E:--'

.' "._ ' .. I~. ,_['",

I'll :Ima ,Io,zeo, lOii, d8lu~

2~ H·il1li·',8aumi 'W8, l~Ji. 'kar8 I-j'i baa. :ma,de des.'ii 1, ,KyOl 'wa ~1B·tslu II-Die'hj d,es.,.,

,4,*, AI'b;~,ta Wi, HaY8abi48.D DO 'taojlo'b,i deaa. ,~ Ki'ool ·W,. ·kin,-:,ob.i III.hig.

I&. Kino, W'. mo:k'u,·'lyObi de--:a, arimaae:D,deahi,ta,~

1- It's II'O~" A. '-M-' no' W'

"IIi! ... ~,;~ ~) l'I"~1 - '~I : i.~·.~· .. 'i!!Il

:2.. :L'UDeb, tiMe' is from. '12:00 to l::30,~ ,3~ Today is )'lD1e· 18i~,

4~ 'Tomorrow is M'r'~, :Ha,~ shi'~S tdrt:hday,~ :5~, 'Y'eslerday' 'was; :Fridly'"

6~, 'Yesterday 'W8S, oo~ Tibunda",~

_en

'h- •

'~_Inl.;yasu!lDI,

'Llii

,alnl

,-asgmi.

l.iiJhaa,

A ri;,j'

I 1.I~UJ~1

,.,mc:h:i

Iday (See EZeI'· else ·VI'., ,p~ .35,,.)

't'Qmorrow

~:-"1L..A_ u. UIJOt1I,'

',elitenll.y' 'Frida,y'

da,y ,af tile week, (See Exercise 'V ~ 'p\~ 35~:J

"" -e

ban 'k-'~' ~~Y·

~, 18 10 t.., .. ,~,t8U ,< :ale'!III,

&.ptaa .tsu

ltulch ·time IUlon

rest (period)

ba~f :past: 1. €lil~ I:~ :-, o:~ cloc'k :hal"ij,*)

'b-I alf~

: _' !. ~ - -':_)

8IhiIa, tanjlbi ltiDi :kiD-y6IJi

~,..illi

today June 18

June, €ltt~. sm,th mon'tb)' month, (See Exerc1ise V'II:t p!~ ,35.,)1

18,day

d- euita'··-

I-

. t .. - J _ :

W,IS

~Th·_-;'· ·,-..:Ila- 11

:. .-:UI[-MJ- I .~'

mDk.·yi:bi

ari masendeU ita,

was~ ... _1It

_ lI.l~

] N:umbers: Memorize the: n'gm,befl fro'm 20 '~D 100"

2O't) qu, 50, pja 8'0:. b_h'iji

~A_ . "',' ~ __ D._tiil __ '!II'i. ~n roIl<ilililil~'1l '90 L ..... a·u

~ .. 1!iI'I!II----!IIIM VU'i' :- ~--__:_ .. _I::- t< ~~! '-

40, ',aoju. 70; sbic'bij'i. :08..,fl 100:, :_,.k'lI

Intermediate numbers are made by ,addi'l1g' to the above 'D,u'mlbers" the, nam,bers, from; 'I, to 91'

a'1I 2~l t mijrU4cbi.

11 'Look at the pictures and practice the 'following' pattern as in the example m'V''AD''

fi&···I~ Ii!

1[1 Time': Practice telili'ng time. ,A'i 1m. naD, .. ji del'U ka"

3;. A.M.

s. A.,M,.,

,2 .. , P,M:,.

Q: I'ma, na'[lt!;j'i, ,dlesru, :ka •

.. '" 0Jl:·~ d': aalil'. ,ali 0-;_ . j. ~al'"

i, 16=00,

2i' 3:~OO P'i,Mi' 3~ 9;:30 A,.M",

B, . _ .• ~ Q= P' __ ·ti \., .[. ' 1-18ll,~ji, :ka--, . dl ~'_1i k,:-., A:. .- ~jii 'kara, IdesD,.,

i.. .~D,k.6j[ [9:,00

2'-, ,':;dlDI, ·t::45

I .... BM' - -

C, ex. IQ:, 'De: .-'~Ito w·. ft8n·ji mad.e deaD 'ka,~ A.:: GO._'B[ ~Jli. madI1d'e&·u.

I~ h,D,8s,u'mi,.[ 1~'30

2. yi,hbtkyoku:, : •• ,10 5~OO 3i1 .abigartol,5:15

:0. ~ Q: .==iru·'Y88'.·J-'mi .. 8 Ra,.·,~j:i Itara Dan~ji .8dl: d:u :k: ·ri.

A: lZ~ji 'ka'" l~Jli mad,e Id .. _'ail

................

1, ~ ei .• , 3=~30111 ,4·:451 2~ link., 9::10i~ 3':00

'V' Days [of the w'ee:k:: M.e'mlo·riIe the names, of' the days af the week ..

RI"~ """'bi-' Ii .. Vio~'bi·iii .s····;uo··: da u :~IUi! "Y'" :':'.~"L..- .• ''; ;0,., :W:· " . .'e·.·.···d'- .. Oi. ,e.·~. iIl!. A. - -, .V.~ .. ,~ dn-:v.A'·l Saturda ' l ~ "y

.• ..._. . ~ . ., . '~l . , . . [:,J' D UUrll... - QUil.l' ~[;r - . "-' ." ~. . .. .'

,lejt811,~y.lJi'l Mo,n.day· ,dlo:k:u"":~b~,, 1bw~lday

'·-~y.6bi, TueSfla'Y' ,.~'·-.~y6·biJ Friday'

I III bol; ,at tau).' ~e: u

. - - t· .

2ndl, fat ,uk a

3rd 'mikka,

- l' - . .

'1- 1" £'L.. j'id '1Jj\.I'.!ii' '.'Ii" -'bil'

I 'IUII " '.i"!!!' '1'"

.~I" .:;, __ ~ ,

4th, yo,s 5th, :its,uka. 6th.; :ml~i-."" -: .

'7th, :aanoka 8th .• ,o'ka

[9th~, 'kDk~DDOk8 1.0-b. t6k:,

1,2·~~\ 1;·'"1. i;',ai£ - i

lUll, ' IMI _

1.3th •. j'iIB'D,.lIichi 14th~ 16Jkka

15th~ ,JiIO-mc:hi 16th~ .jiruku,·,aic ":i,

1. 7th~ .jru8IJ:ieb.i-;aiebi,

lSa.'L. .iI'_''t... 'I.,. Ir_L"

····'.Wfj JUDaclIl"DI~1

19th" jrUk,u~Djebi.

:2 Otbt ,-~~ ,:tsuka

23rd" oijisaa-mehi

q'AI h 'Ii'. ""'- 1""·'1 .....

~.t ::'. i ··lJiiil'lUO&aa.

. ~I - '-~ -~---

2:18tb·t .·ijurok:- -~Dichi. 27th, :.ij.sbllcbi,~·niclli :28th:" aq'uhac . liM:· £.bi '29th" n'ijik'u'·Die'._~ 30th" : .. aDjii .. ~ehi

·31 st, ; - .•... :·iiCb:i··:'"' cbi.

'VII .Months" Memorize. the: names o:f the m,oDitbs,~

iehi.'t~Ut' JaDU8!J' 1Ii~' '. -tall" February' . ."'.,.;n, M' - h ~"'._Ut .' aIC·_,~.

shi.ptsa.;c A:pril

ftJku, - ... tea; June: tdlicb·i.t8:u; July' lm-e~l8t&u~ Au,gus,t

ka,~IIJtliU* Sc.ptem'be:r ji·_atau" [Occober jideki-pJt&u, Novem'ber jiWl'i~,p.rt.u~ December

1 ...... t8U. May ..

. ~ -'--.f. .-.---_:

Vl:ll 'Make di ~~ .. Q,gu,es, h7 ·changing 'the underlined parts; as in the exam .~ les • ~·~",ve, - ,~

,A., ,K Q: K,61.: .[. ·naa-;D'lciti'.- ~u ka~

A: lkic:;hii des ...

1. Ie-.ichi.

2-: ;.)9,_, I" 'bill' ,:',11 ,~DICI,

·3~ ,27:·nictd

B" g, IQ::: A'slli,t. we nalll,·y6b,j d'8Ia,~_8, A: 1~-'~y6bi desu~

C .. , es. !Q: Kin,a' "." 'nan!!luic1li, des'bita ka.

A:: ',]·uilclli delhl'la.

1 I, ql_ Ii 'hi" .. ·~nlc ,(,

,2.. 13-uicbi

D~ ex. Q: l'Aaate ", '0] T,RD:'l'bl wa i~~ ~ '. ',de,'g" ,,' i' .A: a.,latau deau.

Q: 3-,l8t., _ 118II1j1lic" ", , delu 'lea ' A: ,~Pts'u ~.iehi, deliu.

I, "t8." l5-,Dichi

''II " '0Il I 'L,:!

Iii. .,_ ,';<_~t8UJ' 4i;,_ It. eUil.

3.. 12~,ptlu" lB-aicbi

:E a'i IQ: -:(', 'I' 6 ' '. :_-1 moku.,abl de _:bi_,,:, ka,

,

A: De;, mok: i ,iiliyibi. d,ewB arimasendesm.ta., 'Kin-yobi ,deahita,.

- ------ - -

l,. : ','8,1I·'YO- -'i, :ka.')'Ibi

,2., '-~y.td, mok'.y6bi 3., ',~ m.iy{lbi, aichi .. yAi,

'pili

,..I ..... ,

~

[aII,igo~"o

.0 BU !!!niClU

'lrillii,I:.ld

--.

IIF . '"

lIan·'JO, 1

i,I'u

work

'w:bicb day (of 'the month) 'which day (Off' the 'week) when

party

D'%_'L ..... D-UJDv.

H·i,,'; .,'!Ii

'J _ .Ii

Smitb: " :'. ,:-i~, _.t time :is it D,OW?

SA~PAhP!l;r!i I·t',·j"a, Ig.:',·,~'QO'.:·I,",

_ ~"_;;,I, ~.a., 1:J'.. ~ _ .".:1

Smith: 'What time does, the ·':-'·eetina belin?'

Secre~ __ ry: :[t'" fro,m . 0':001,

,

36 'L'DD~M 3-'

·D~~··J

7~ .. tu I!~:aiebi k __ ~ tle8U~

"7" d'G,'lolCl'l/'ili, '!IIII! !ftll·'Ifj'b~' ~; 'DII'!iIi:IIi _,Giiil'lil ''II"Ab'-'' 'd' 1.i!iiCi! ~ ~ 'ka ,!' iiieM1W-"': J.~.II!..I~" Ii,ift!"_ : .... !!I!!'J' 'U "I. • !'1!i[;'911, _~: :'ii!

~--uAb" dellu' ~ '''''''''',j'u I,' r-e ,.,',' i

S'umi.u:

Tana'ka::, When, does summ.er vacation 'begin?

S,mi!th: If's ,from l'w,,' '1..5,.,

T,ID'aka: 'What day is .-ully l5?

·S',·',·'m·,~ i, II!i'th·~ '~., 1.',18, iI!iI, 'Sa.~:':" '~·"'da' I' 'Y"",

_ __ __,~ a 1-. [ _ .I,Ju..-, __ _ . Ii

: "" I,t '8-,:1 " ami, aat ••

li!!>ii iii ..... , -" -'A'P 'fij"'a',I-'!!!i!!II"'tiftl!'!' ~1~_11 _ _:_t~" y' __ ~Jl!,ltU~"

's·I''II 'm','er .. ,

[ . lLLII, : I', .'~'

Q, .. 'U'''' -:J'Z'''' '

L~ .: r,

t- _:_' -'.

I R,ead th'is lesson "s! openi "~la'logue and ,Inswler;be' foU[o~~"I;'ng questions, I. lOla, ,JO-ji dlesl~l_ ka,

2~" ~:-to 'W18 D ',.jii 'k ~ __ ,,'''_ d~~~,u 'ka. 3,~ Depito w. 7~ji. ma,de ,d' ,u, ka.,

II Complete the questions, so that th,e:y fi,t tb.e answers,

:l2-jli, haD bra des'g ... ,

2. :: 'yo wa I( )1 d,eau ·k8.,

: ".,".~, ,·,obi Id,",= u.

1 'I!' Kiai I(

2, .. WatBL,.hi,l( 3, ,~""~,, ,,"',10, I(

) kio-yi,bi, deshita.,

,. :k,aia--a, '.0 'biru·y'~·'-umi ~

) :DaD,~jri ( ) ,.~;_'~,~ii, t'

)" l,q Ii!" 1.,.-,· d ~ ~.

i : .• J' ... ra •.. :,esll,~

) dnu k,.~.

1., 'Thank: you, very m'g,eh,., 2a ':I,ou're: welcome ..

3,. Excuse: me, U:n.tll what time dlDes, the 'post o,ffi,ce: sta:,.· lopeD? 4" ···~:oda:y is tb' l51,~ TJo~morl-ow is the 16.,

5,. Truday is Thursday,. 'Yesterday' was, We d,'n,esd,ay "

QU"" "II 3"'7~

• _ •••• J ••

. .. -

'L' E" S'8-" 0" N""

._." -, ,'"., -. ' .

. :_~- ' .... I:~.:-:..: .. '. _.

HO···'IW····::,·,·· M·', U'·~IC·:-'·H'·)

. "_'., .'.' - -.. , .... '.: ' -~' .! .•

Mr'" ·S····'lm··· ·I~'th:'· g'o'~ sho 'pl~pl~n,d In th "e-'" de part :.' ment store

, "'. '.-" I." . __;"_ . ~,~a' ', ... :___.,r~.~ .I. . '.'. .1_ -". " _ :' __ "".:.' ~"'.

~' L \ \ ~ :: L1 \ '!, :t~? ~~ 0

:: h ~,1 \," <. t; \'~ _"/:/\J '4( Iv \ 'Iv. ~ 3:t OOO! N '~.t" 0

tt ttl tt \, " <. '~'~"'~' ,6,\ 0

4 .', ~. ,I. .. .""'P' .. J..A,· .t,"'-" I, N 1Ii !IV ~ ~ 4'" "" LJ

(" :~-'" Jrc;, \. ,

',;_ ""'" . Q

'~ ~ \ '\ ,Iv ,:: ,:1 \, "" ,~, ~)I 1]'(' ~ '1 :.~ ~~ ~ , t ~,o .

""7 ... '.;'

A" A .'

..... jill 0 L. ~

'7 J ''\ r" f/)

.A ~ A, :

'''''1' ~ ~ co

A""",, ,~

~)' "e._ L. ,.tT\ /- .. ~ r~"~

'''''I ;: ;'" ..

A ..... ,A. '"

r--,;;/··~ ~~ ~

. " ''', ~ ',IV ,.J.'

, .,

De-pl'to, 'D,O 'h'D'lo:

S;ulDiBU,;

D'epata 'DO ·teD j:iD:

Sumi •• :

Dep'~'tD' DO tell '10:

SIU' ftlir;,ar "-II!

, . ~~ ·A&aaa_I. _"._ Iii

Ira ~ -::-.haiI1l8ge.

So~e 01 misete :kuduai, ..

H to d'

II;, :.~ g,ZO ..

Kare W' a ikura d.- ~-·U. k.~ Saazca-'ea Id,esa.

Sore, wa ikurB d~·· !U k.~

Dep ~'Itol DO tem,'ia:, Kore mo 88.8ZeD~n dleau ..

:Sr'lImi -a: Ja, .. ' :Ire 10 , ··'ud ~~ ' .. I,

DepitcOl no tentin: Hai, •. rillltol goa,un_a.,

M . Ie-: 'b- I c - •. ') (: I-"t, ,u;W··· 1: .. 'C flil).'~ ._a, .' " e~pyou. S~~ · .. ~iI'. - - . elco:me~,' .

·Would,.oo Show me 'that" please?'

C' "'!!ii~;n1;j!ii.'i 'B' .' -. , co-

.~,e..t~", Ilr,. ~ ere yoo are,

Ho~~~' much 11 - tho '- .:8'

.'W . -: ,.' .. ;. lS,'~ . .Il'_~

St,ore Clerk:, ,Smi!tb:

Store Cerk:

Sm ·~th· - 1- ...

,11 •. _:~

Store Cerk: 3,,00. yenii

S'm',· "I"I~L, .. , Ho- W··~_,--:: MI ·n~('!"h·· ;,~ that 0"0' e .""

-. I !. ' JUl... I _ .... U;L. .ILiI" - I, '. .' -', II

Sto~e Cerk: This, ODe;'s, :SrOOO 'yle,-~ t' too ...

Smith:: WeUl then,. :please ,give me: dlat one,

Stofie: Clerk;: Very well.; sir Thank J'OU~,

90 ~'

teot'in. iruaha'i.'mase'

store clerk

v .. : 1p. ~ .',

Come in!IVl,elcome'! (lIe.etiol 'to

cnstome -en; '1!'R'. :~:I;'~~:",!ires·[i!fllf' ........ ~,~IS)' ,

~lllUlr _'LJUJI-Ij,!I. _ _ a~;U;r~1 ~ _ Lawuialilll'~_

sore o

'misete :kucl .ii'

, jil~".- g.' ,'m-.-:-- ,'!!' ~ ··.·ra)'

~_~_ !li!1 __ ~. ra I ~ _. ,,_J ~ .

that, that one'

(O";b-' I';ee~ :·1 mar '..' :tl!!"~ ft'Dft~,C' ;1, .... ,)-1 . : 'I ." e .'. A,CI' II ,~'II.& .Ie ...

Please show me ;i!'bAlw~

~ 1 ' ~ _

ikura sanzen,-e'D :"D

mo

bow mucJl 31,000 yen ,en, .••.. :)

too i(part~:cle" 'W,ell then .. ~ ,~

.. 'lease ,Ii've me: ~, ,~, "

j.a

k cia <!11 .', 'g" .~Jlal,

I 1Il"·o· ... e r, 'Dft'Pa

'!II ft. ' .• ' :' ji <DUll. ~

'Wh'" I.. a.'Pa;l!li E'Jng' - .. ,- iii sh h ' nt' ""th" . ~ "iii d' i th t :U J- panes . L,__ th r:ae." .- e .- arate Iii.

. . .~,~~ .. 1 : I,)~, . ,a', 's o· - 'v -, 'ii'CI! an:"" . 11'.' . a' '.,.,' . " '0 11li'i5i " "111:'''';:' iii:.'!! _ep' ". '1" " ~ n''''

.' i . ~ ~l. ': .. ,-:1 .~ J ,.1.~ .. "',:_._J _ ~ -__:.~. ';'. " . __ . _. ,~, " .~.~ .~_I_, - J _ .: ,~ •••• _ ~'_,_, _' ."~.~_ ." ~~

dieators: K,o:re,! sorel, and are. (See: N,ote 5, .. p,. 46"1,)

K ~ di te th 'Il th 'k'

O're-: ': . .- m:~·· acat ~-~', some _ I "n"'. 1"1'" ''''''e!~wr r ·e'.'-, ~,pea~: ::'~ . "'.'Ii",_ •.

'_ _'_ '_ 1.fG.. G ~V; J~. La . III.~, __ J • ill .'.. ._~_~£, J

_ L

It£:! --e in 'd- lcates alom - ''''L!ng n' a~. t he P' e' roon .,. - o' k- '<!!:!Ion' to' ,001'" mmcates ~·' __ etmnz 'I,~ me ,"i\:Q, S'P': ',,~, . nr,

,A_·.· Ii idi ..•.. '" '-'tbi-''''-" ' ".' t" ....... __ " .. I':th -, .. , ,- .... , .'

,ft!£e mcicares sometmng not near ,e'll. er person.

K- - '. h- '!Ii' II h' " d' u'Th" ~.. b· d t~,

es~ , orle WI 'w,a'tas-", .. , ',0 melB ' :1 ·,~e;B, ,'.' ' ", .,'; 1S IS my~'!USll'neSS lcar'- " .

2 M'-'o'-'

• • ~. .', J

The: particle mo' means "it'OO.1 also, eithe:r~:j:" It is, used, '~D, both affirmativ'" and

0- e·-aa .. ·"t:'I"V,·'Q a.n~ ten c ···,,as· -

': '8.1: ~'I" ~ ~~I' I . :~_.,.~ I.

,a~ Sere wa 3, OOO-e D, d'es.;Dil Ko,r,e' mo ,3,~O~ desu, 4 'That ODie is 13,,0'00 .. , This lone is 13,000,., 100 .. '"

Kar,e: wa. wa,talhi DO lias :' ~ 8 l.rilDaae.D,. So.e m,o wa:taahi 0,0: j.a ,Brima'sen. "This is not my umbrella. That's net 'mine either,"

3. Ja, sore 0 k,u,da8.Bi~

'Dew. and j. correspond to '~··wellll' or' 1.~wel1 then, ,:, an 'iD'terjlectci.on e,xpressiDg

') .. .." oil

[00" '0"1 foe' U~'IO:--"l or resisnanon

' .. '. " ,_,_._ ~,_ ~:&,II, ,-',I, ,'. ,.iiiii!I~!~,~Q"III,··!&,II ..

. 41So~e 0 kud:! .:_ ~i,,,

:Ku,dalai, Ct"piea'8e' give me, ,:, fonows the olbj,sct, ("8 D'OOO, referrin~ to concrete 'thi~p; anlly:) + obj,ect, marker o, In this case, onepis:llimBsa can be 'used, :mstead of kud.aai,t

£I .. HaDaD. 0 k'rllilaaai. "Please give me some bananas, .. ,:"

5~ Ikura, "how much:':'

I&I~ '.! G,DO ~fuirum:u,,_._ i ~,=~U~·· de. ka .. uH'ow much 'i,s this fi . n]"

39::' NOTES ."

P'IRA' ' C'TI:-C' "'E-

, r ~l_"': ._-' ',-, 1. .. -.~ ,".-

KEY ~SIEN;T,ENCES, ·' ............... ~~~ ............................. iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiOiii ............ ....._..""","""""""'."........,..,~~~~~ ............... I., 'Koft, we, 'tok1ei d,es u,

~I ,I):!!,-,- -" -'" m' , 'G' II '. to-; ,k- ,.; ~I'~-II"-,

.!!Iil ~J:=_! f.._ . _ i~~ ~. ~~

IQlIA_~, ,- ,g, I~ ,ell ,'-

~, ~ ... I~~U ,1 _a,j

AJ 'K'-:' 'k ,...1 .1:

'._, ,'ore 81 _'BUIuRa.

5- A,_ 'k ... A- ill'

, • ,Bte IJI8I ,_~: __ 88Ijl

l~ This 'is, ,8 'Watch'i

tlI, '~f.li,t, 1St -, a-I '.~a,: f:,~'L, 'iI,~,

~\I! !IIJ. I [_ _l 'n!_ ~nll' '~[II

3,,, 'That one ,Clover d'leJi'!:)' is )'3,.'000. 4\01 Give me 'dDs, one, 'p:leasell'

5't Give me' 'that one (ovler there'll" too, :ptease'~

I 'Look, at 'the picMts, and 'pra,cti,ce: the' foll,owing pa'ittems'l

A,~ ];1R8Iine you ,are ,M'('" A and :sa,' the fo,llolw1ng'll

1- 1Il'"_1I!IQ' -~.- '·~k-,a= d-liiili.a-u-

t' 'Ii lll.U'.l~ _ _' I_~_r~ __ ~_.!!!II

Q:, p"",,~ 'BI "'~\lIiIiIlaJiiIII"'~U;' , 4i,1l W'-UII,'~ W', l.~ UCB, ,.,

'!lL, ,A~ trDa "\~'ii:iIi'Jb,1 Id'l .... , "'ill l~ 'n_ 1Ll-1lli~~ _. " ~.~ ill

,B,~; Now :lmagine' 'yIOb, are :M:r i B and say the 'foUorwing,,,, l~ :Kore .. 'kua des1l .. ,

2:~ Sore '-,-_,'-~, 'Ia:klei d:_:~:u(!!;

3~, ,Are wa 'lIe:l1sbi, IdeaalJ

Cl!ERK

'C'I' lmagjne you are the clerk and, state tbe prices of the o:bJects ilusl:ra,ted~ Ii! Xure ' .. '' __ 3fO(l(J.ea .' "''D,!!

2~ Sore WB1 3;5OO-en dau.

3'1 .. ;'- 'e [. '. 3,SOO-ea d . •

lOO .. '·,8k:'.

20' '0" _ill.. _'iI.. - uu, DuJ,Y"·

3-'00;-/-; , ·L.. 1r

"r" .11 : ... 'IU" U

'I ['0"00" "'1 ,- ,,- -,

'iIi'" '.'.,'" I.' ,

:2~,OOOi' nisen 3~OOO" ,-:-:-ze,o ,4, .. 000 .. YD •• eII, 5f" OO'i,'-:-':~'D 6~OOO~ ro'kuleD '71000~ DaBalCll ,8:::\ 0"00 .. - .,- ,-.- e~'-

,IJ --. __ ..• ;u,

9j:OO{]. kyil.eD

10~OOOI idI'~' ,- '-1-

'1- 00' .' '0:001 !J!i I!!!.. . , ,

,...;, I., u, lam.atl

1,OOO"OOO,~ hyakUlllan, 10:,000, 000 ~ leDDI' __ ~ 100,,10001;,000 .. :iehioka It,OOO~[OOO~,OOO;; jriolku lO,'OOO~OOOJ~,OOO,~ hya'k,uoku. ll00,OOO!;,OOO~OOO,,, &en I; ok, •.

1· '0"'00""': eco 00(1' '-'110"0'0" ,"t;"h~A

:, "_: 'I!' .U .,,1... ';I"'" ,'. ,c, U'

.4100,.. JOlt :yaku. 500,.. 101111.'-- ,

60'1'0'" 'ro'-'PP" -',vak" ,'y"

r,' ',"". [ ',', , .... ;"'1 ~_,

1-'00-'-' n iIIi,ftab- u;a Lg

,', .. ",.,j --. •• ,_l~'Z'" . I

,Ottf\Or' b'a-'p-p; IV. ~u. 1

H-Y. ·11 . ':_, ":__, ,J![ - _. _'

9- 0-'0 '" _ ... 'L·va ir,

, .' 11,_,Uu" __ D,,

" nterm 'e'dl'a'''.o. numbers 9~a mad a '-I' c'nm'Lm:' ]"ng' " ,;i,L._. numbers jlflihmpnll:!l;'nID' i&.'IL.'e·'"

[_lll'''~~ ,:, - ,,' .Y.-I i~~: :_._,U~,,~-_,III~L ~ I L~II!I~ I~ ~~~ "1 [.~·IV. '-. U I -~ . '.~: IU:IE . i ,.: . I .. "._~ _'J ~_.'_ J_"'~~. Ul· _.~LI'rl!

G., :1351" h:yakll~,ajiiilO 1'1,829" Be., __ ."PJaku~n~ij.k.yi

'De'" ~ ,..:,-,!,,", 'Ila ('TI :h' iIIlIIi, w, lii!"rd'; 'fa- ,r ~ '..,J'_·"""l:i mal ':': - po,""--: ';'n~'t- U ,is' t' .• - . )'

I' ". ~U:lliII!CIt .', ' __ ~J _" ~~" ,", ~_._._"_._ [_:". II _ _: I_I _'Wa ...

() ~I Z·~

,I' "".J..!~" .'-"A'V'

Oli 'I, rei 'te'D __ O.~219,., -rei ten :Di ·kyii.

o 5·3-[8:" ~: te""'" 'D' ' .... aaD ',', ',h'I'I'i!!

, .".'.', . '.' ,I,~1II. _" ~ DR " , _' '

FractiOns" (Bua means • "part "')

ll2t 'albUII, DO idd 1'4:Ji YOI-' baa DO :'ehi

III: Make dia'lo,gues by changing' the undetli ied parts 3':' in the: exam ~:iel gi'ven~

A. [e:r~ Q: Kore wa. ·~'.r8 desu Ita.

A: I> '.', .• ' '", ",·-:12"OfJO.ea d,.·" u,

1. l~

2' I-'~'"

iii ,~_

3 7~ ~111

-~ .~-~,

Q: :Sore ,;_,

,- - .........

A: Bai,1 "ere wa :btm. ,de8U ..

Q::, Are IDO' 'M .. d·. • ka.

. .

Alii 'Hai'~ ",'- - .. , h . ' d'i

_ .' ' .. 11'..... 'jl:'MliII'Iioft'ft, '. "EIl.al_

'lI" ~'.~~ ~'iII"'~ ,alU.V ~ ~ _ ~

'I' ,"" - ... 1

!II I,r ~ ...~,

1- _ "_"' _ .

iIiJ. - - ~:A

' •• :nIJ-'

C .... Q':,. K' '.'IIiA ftJ'i ; ikil ~·'.U- ra-·,-' " " ,"", D' "I', '.,', ,_.

~ ~ '- '. _! __ Vr"l~ · .... ·I! _ .lI!!!

A'. "'1": ~~ -~a 3:10 e~ -~-' ,d,. :-Jl.lII.

' ~ n~_ .. ,_. ~: ... ,

IQ:: An~ me 3 .. 5OO-ea .' ·,·:u '_' I'

, ,

,A,: :Rai., 8I'e :IDD ,3\J5OI).eu [desD.

D'VDi'RCC,1SIS ,. '1

~.- .',; .. _~I ...

1· iii' 5QOO.·········

II " :y' 'i··~i' [. : :·:~' .. I ,: .. '. :'

- ' .r if! " .. \_, - .

2 .t

i .an, rBJIO

D'., :£1 Q: Sore wa 3"DOf).eu de8.,u, b ..

A:I' ~ ai; .~o.re .'8. 3 ... 00kJD d : ,UI

r

Q,l Are'. 0 ,3,(JOO.e.a, dies. k_ .I~,

A: Iie, are wa. 3,~QC)O..eD dewa a·ri· • sen .... ,3,,500~e. d.esu.

,

1 ., ow' p' IiIliiWIG·k..::....i '"" ~ ~ iI'O II .. e,':IU;a.~,~~UUlII:l :raJI.L

2~ ·T'alll(~Ia.D DIO' '110,11, Sru:milrQ,.8IU111,o, bon,

:IV Pra.ctice' t .e following pattern by changing' he underlined pa'rt as; in. tbe exam'ple~ giveni

a:. Kore 0 kudasal j, :1IO're

,2 .. b,.i1ii~-r,.

3. mizg,

~ ,f.. rinlD

'~"bi· "~.I.,e .J

umbrella T'V' :.' ( .. c,t)·

'. '·R,.

radlo

tgl'fiP- recorder "1'-~ ~ _ ~I-IU ['

asbtr,I'Y

'ii

1ITIIi1il ..... 'IIr UI.&IIii!_

'w,ater ,apple ~~~'P-::

il, 1!Iiii-~~", ~ _

. II,. _

rBlI10

t· h"''''--:·'!'~·.iI, . -¥:"~fWII.

'riDiD 'resbito,

IS'~ ',". ,~. " II '- .. UDU8U •

•.•.. " .... ~ ,&~ I .11

Sllmis1l~ Ten:''',':

'. .. - -

·amlB.I

...•. ,'. __ Jill,

'Ti ., .. .an>!l'·ID-· , ""'''II,. .•

iO ..... ,_,1; . i

I~UDlI8 ,I ,I'

S··' .',,"L. ,·~··~:mIJL1.iJ_:

'Clierk:

Smith:

.1..-

Olerk:

Smiith: 'C~rk:

Smnimasea ... A.re wa :r'aj.io desu kl.

lie, :--110 dew'~:r. :,' .~I .. ' . ea. Tip'are'lwclI1dea,u. KtrN wa, raji'o ,d.Ha, ka'll

"9',-.1: 'ra ii'l· .....:1 .. - ..

. ~ ..... -:'- J,'.O u-eliu.~

,g -" d,·. ", k,a~

28,OO.~lII des8.,

. :. ',W~ I" k ... : 0 ,k,udal8i.

.Excuse :m.e~ Is that: I, radi.o'?

No. it 's not a, radiot. I:'t,~s a tape reeerder. Is this a radiol?'

"IT IiiIW!i ~t· ~I! . _ _AI.!· ''_ ~)I I: S a :EtiWO,~

How' much is it?

It:'s' V'28 ~,

. ,. __ _ j''lI\J'U.

Smi:tb: Then,' :."U. take this ..

dew' 'well 'thea

.AI ''II I' ~£jJO'" rili.f· ~,~ .. !JU.I"

Q- 'UIZ" - .,,-', ,

uiz

"", .!

I .. ~ S I

I '1'· ',"." .. ,:, .,., .. '. ','., B·: .. '. tb m-:·-r-- ... .._ tj" "',, .-' d: '. ',,',." ~" -- A·"II'. :'.,. estioi ""

. nnagme you are ,'.,' m rne mstraeon ann answer". s questions.

L 'Ko,re~ wa tOlkellde-I,u.

S k lid' k

" ore 'm,o to,_l_ el, .' ea,u, . '~8i.

2 A'ltlle' "'a;' IlIIdal'nl d"-Iaau kl".:,

_ ~ .lI.l 'R': ~~ ~.' _. _ ~._ .... __ Ii!

3.. ,A'n! ' •• lk,ura ,d:--:~',u, ka,

i4:~ KOlre~ me 5Ot,OCMkm desu ka. 5~ Klore~ wa 'ik.ura ,d,e8U ka,

6,,1 Son mo 5,OOI).eo, deaD ka ..

A

B

1 So (

~. ': - .. - _ - I ,,', . 'i " !.

_'.' .'.: .~.;re, w,a,

) d.es'd. ka,

K,iii"UiiIie' '··"8 ,-"ep'" ·u-'iPA'kA..I d- "-"'8 --

, V,LI. ·nl.,.'.· I,~,UU' ,e,u.

,2., Kore wa ( ) de.D, ka.

S. ··,.re wa J3,OOO4D de ,,'U~

3'~1 KocbirlR, '.'. I( ). desu k',',~

T,BD8" -·:ka,'-·.', . 'O'-i, de 'Ifll_

___ ,_. _ _' " ''M"

4,,,, ,( ) wa lkura desu ka,

,Are W'. 3,5(».-1, ,d,eSII,1

I'I:[ Put the appropria:te particl es lnthe parentheses.

1~, Kore« ') 'kudasai.

,2;,-, Kor,e ~ :), i"',gra Id,eu ka,

5~,f;OO-et1, desu,

Sore ( ) 5,000-8D desu 'ka,~

)1 5,~D ,desa.

H .. k C

u-, ':'Ol'~'

, '" .- ,"'11,""',

,4;,_ ~'

ru:'e:

.,

" 5 [Ii'W\inL-n d" -, "0"- ka-'-' ,

,1 :'..::.:,~;_ I'.: :._: ,_;_:__,,,

) ,5,iOOOwen dewa, ar,imBseo,. Are (

) 3,50~D, desu,

lie, are (

'IV": An': .- s:tluer'.'.-:, '. rith j"L.. ." ··~'o; .,.' .. -':' te . 'J,.- ' e' ~~. ' .. , . '!., J"". "'. ;'.",

.... ',' ... .-~'_,""!. Wl.,.Ule lapprpna, e ,ex,pr"'~Q,lon,s rn, .. ,a,panese,~

1., When ,[O'U want a, store clerk, to show' you, an article 'tbat: is near him, what

do yOrU :11;,.1

2 'Wb h' d lded '" 1 th I - d

:."~,,, ':£0 you nave I~.e,cl,~ ,;-:,:'. to buy an artie e that is near YOU,;., what: '.~. 0 you say

to th,e clerk,?

3,., When, you want, . ~o know the price of an article 'near' you", 'what. do you, say'?' 4,., Wha.t does a store clerk say w'hen, a, customer enters the ,s'tore?

LDS" . S~"'O"'--:""N""'li

,~,:,.~:'-!!J

~ ~ .A, ,::

h· t' -it .. Iv

. - .' !~. . -', : -:, I

',.... . :".' '0,

~, (/)(,>' ; I

~ . [ .

(. 'ill .', y' .-

'~." 1~ ''''1'-;'''i'(';;''''

\i. ? '\,., , . IJ' '0

,.J1 J- ;,,~, '.' 'V,ojo' In 4',~ -=P .A,

1':1' ~l " , ,_- rl' f-. 4" ~ ~ , Iii lal

,.". ~ "",1 .,%, 1m +- t , ~, ~. \ J. J 7'-' 4'· ~

0;1'\, " A, i' ,. V ~ ? lit! 'I;;..;.~' /:./ r- . . . ',,", " 'll)

,n ;i, ?~' ': ': It ~'~T 't.i'.o :2,5~ 000 t ,Iu, '1:.'" 0' ;~,~'? ,2ft'Q

;( ~, A: :, ,tt ~ < ,t~'~, \., \'0 2( tt 6,' [~, "7 '1' l:vA ~' !~ -e '-?

{-' 1:., ,'';'~' ~ \ ,\,

'_'","""''\( ;0

',..h .... > J;: '7"~· ~; ...... ;:, '2·····5: O':'O,-",O'! J' l . ...,~,+

/./ r ,do 'L~'_ '.' ~ AI '\, " '0

[S'··· ' .•. , .. '

,,'IiI~"'IIIS'tr!l !II' .,I"lI&I;, . 'MI'

~S.mimaBea .• , S.BO kamera W ,ik:ara d,ng, :k' .• Dere: deB. ·ks.,

!OI_ 'b" ,i;;j 'ii ka- d

~D,O c ~'US8ll i(-.m,er,B,'·. elL,

Ka~e desu 'k,B~l :25\.OOO-en ,d[esu, .. , DOzo,,,

:Kor'e ,0 kud.aai"., ~Soreka'ra 'mn'ma ,0 m'itt ... I_I ku,d;aaai.

'Kame'··'r.··· ,.,.,B~'

.. ',~ ~"'. ~

SiI'ilDD' "-: •. : '·U·',j ~_ ~ - ·0 .. } . _:I.

'K.lIlera,~y.: g'_mu':

Smith

f;' . ,.,

- - _. ._ .,~

,hC1llle. me, H,G. 'mUCh is 'that camera?' I' " :~':'~'i; oni!: 8ir'~!

.. -, .. _ .. - . -, ....

~, .... 'ill~'!!!ii,ft,,!i' ~~,&&'iIIliIi '.'

Sm'ith: That amall eamera,

:Salesman': ',J,:_:a; ,ane'? It's 1:215itOOO~ Here you are',,,

,Smith: I~I,U take' this~ And, please' 'let me :.,98 'lbre!' (rolls of) fil, ~J~

.'

~'IU'J

'-ft' J 4 ,,;,t /'" /'

h:J ..... ~'.

, ,',' '7-: ,.'~ "

- ...... "" .' .

I'ba~'

''''!ilIIirm';-' era-:' I

1i.o;Gi I , '. -'.' '

.-,_ .. ~ ~ ~,..-

.- -- - .. '. ., t '. '-. cam' '.- e' .- - '-I-I'-r

- - t· I .. 0" ..' - ',- I," I • "I' [-" •

lcamera S JG,re,. ',"",-. '31"3 lie ,e,

'S''''~a, 'E!!a1'1IIA,r:-

, ' 'LiU'& I"",,, ~Q!-'ii;i ..

_brick

amaD, [C-i adj:,,)'

IIftW!iIiD

.&~.

AlAI '~'

:t ho"~ '71/:v~, ,~",??

and film ,3

f Iii utrum'.

mitts'u

I.. 'Kam,era-y'.

Kam,era .. ,a 'm,eaos not onl, "camera store' 'but also. the store o:wne,r Ot ,s'tore clerk, Y B, is add,ed, to many thi:ng,s to 'mean, the store or the person sel ing something ..

ex. Ba .·"af!! .:Ii fiow'er' sho'Pt fl'Ori8t.:~i.; :BBkaDa·ya", "fish ahoPt fisb seller": 'bO'Dlil 'va' "boo ... ook store boo" . :k· seller ,Itl

~'::-. ,I.~ ..•. ' " JU.Il'~, I.~.:.: "': . .ll.~,. ~

s······ 'k - !. IIUi . 'd" .~. d I.... . .... d ·l'·h···· -···f'.ft.P tha "1 ~: ~ d' dil't' ': . - '. :., '"- .. ' . " - .. t:i' , ... _ areara, ann, an'~ ,8 so, anl--,~c__eD" a 'IU:;;I - .,' , '10 ac ,I'J,OD, 18, a connective

placed at: the iltlginn'bll' ,of a new sentence to connect it to, 'the 'pr-evious one,

,a .Mi'·,Do

In Japanese' there are two numerical sys,temst the bitot'I'II" M'mt.lu, mittl'U, system, and thee abstract 'i~cbit ni, 8811 ,systlem,~ Countiq ,t'mngs cam. be, done: in 'tWOI w,ays;:,

L Usinl'the hi,tlots'II,t fa't.biU" mittB,u, :system mdepenldemtly~ (See E:xer,case II[~ p, ;48.)

., !;_I .. ; !lit· 'k d ~'I '-'plli_ '.. . L,_ (.. .1] f) fn '. I!!

ex: ~"UII"'lim.. 0 n '. ,j i::" :U . 1~1l ,18881. ....~ mase 11,¥e; me tnree '.'roJ 9 O~.· '~um.· .

,2:. U:liag the i,e'hi, :D~, liD ,SYIJtem ,comhuled with a, eounter .. Two counters are -m .. /';; fo:r thin, flat objects such as paper, records etc., and -hoa €,~'bcm, -POID", for :_.ong." slender objects such as pencils, 'bo;ttles", etc, Other counters appear i:n the appropriate pla.c'e 'm the text·l, and, 'they are ,livleD, comprehensively in, ,A:p'pendi I

> .• " _IJ

.. ;II

•-~D~ ,

II"""~

~'ho' -- .• ~ [(b' 1ii"IiJii!; iftij,!Jhn"y' n_'IIII!!!!~--:)'

'. . . '. - UI·" II!!!!IJ~!II_IJ '." 1tiJ ill II ...... 1 :II\1II,.,

«

.p,pon

:ai!!!!:bo;d

nB.a..;'IIJ,OD 'happoll 'kyO-IIO·D jappon,

_._- __ ._1'

ro·,IIii11D8.1

I%~ B.llaki 01" 'lJI,mal kU __ ~I_t'~~:~ "Please 8iV18 me 'three :postcards~ 'I' (,llt", • ·'three ·;sheets of " :':1)

Note: 'Tb' .'- -e" LJ~to' """'-u' fa"'· tat·-su" 'DD_··'ii't,tau sy:sl'-m'" .. -. ilv ,O'AAS a' ,iI!!!! 'far- _ - '!!II&! t·o:· (':)- O· .. ) aft·"'A.F

. LJ '~.!I! . _~.: ,m -. ~ tILl' J' J -: .,", .... ,_ ... ~~ .. L_~1 .. _._.,' _~ •. , ::._:: ' .. .; ..... ~I •• _ lOB" ~ e~:·· .. _' ~ _:: '~ ~ "1_'( ~' •. ',,",r J ".II;' [' ~_- . ~

wh'ichthe ichi; m, :~ " : .. yste-· isu.sed: jUiiiie 'i, j7;,-:D~, je, . '''':,~ etc,

'L'IID-~' AC

I?!I.~ .. I~J'~' L~

4'1 Fui'ru'm'u '0 mitts,u k,udBsai.

No,te the 'word order: thing + 0' + numeral (or n'l1 __ ieral and eounterl + 'k d !II!

":,U'" _1.

5,. :KODIO ehiisai. kamer,a

Chii, ,,',',i is aD ,adjectival' Adjeeti.ves will, be: ,.' iv,en in. Idetail in, Lesson 1.3 and Lesson 14,

IL '" '" ' 4 !'t 'Da~ pOllintedl' t tb- t th" ere ~,''''';Q. three 'UI"" -d"- ~ . :'or 't'h' '!i'a a' nd that:

D, "esson', ~,',,",~~~ 'I~.~,~J_.~~ O,U, ,'J8', tnere iQ.J~~·lu"",,e"!Dr,:~ :.)-,",~ 1"'),, '~J",~, ,~I<.~~

kO'f'e .. :Iore and are, The demonstratives kOIDOli saDIO and aD,Q are used with,

[I' - ~.

DOUDS and have similar meanings from 'the viewpoint of the speaker, Study the' follOwing ,diagram, and 'the chart (see ,Appendix :F) to understand the meaning of these, words,

@-

. .

S,PEAKE:a····

@

.

. ,

, . ,

~

@

,

,

@

,

,

I

. . ,

a D~'';'iD liii'H' .. ' . ,,_::-: "'_'u

u~, JL .. ,u.U!lII~ " .. ,ow numy ~ , . "

F iii' k d .., "'PI ' ~', 'e' some film !II!!

._, , 'UJrUmu, O"U: ',asallii -tease give, me: ::IJ,I,: "I, I_,~_ ,.'

-- ,-;.~ . iiik' "" - d' '.' "'ka' ,.:,iCe'··,," ," '--:1' ., , iO'. h'''' '· .. ·c' . ," ., '.- d -', .. ,' ,; .. ',.-, .'!!I 'h',n

, .:, _'II I '~ut.8'l1:._~el'U .". I,. . ~,.,rtaln~,y ,SIr,] . ,ow man,y , ,,0 you WlII" ' ..

'P''''''RA' .' 'C"TI' I "C-:-'E"'~

• " I' '\, ••• ~. 11,_',-, -, .~"": ~::._-~

KEY SENTENCES, ~~-~~~~--=----_,...,.--~.~ ... ~- .. ,............. .. ~~ L ... KoD,O kamen ' ••. 25,tJOO.ea deau.

2., KOB. rlDe·,·'·' we :ldto' ... ; 200411 d,es u, 3. Kof1e W8 'N'illoD'DO ka-era des,g.,

4i~ SeiDe eIJ.~:' .', < e chl 0 mitts. kuda.sai,.,

1.. 'This, ,camera 'is 1251'OOO~,

2. One 'of these apples, is 1'200~ 3'1 nus :~_, a ,Jiapanese camera.

4, Please.' ,live me three ,of those :smaD batteries.

hOBO

hi· -:"0'" U:'

. - . -~ ..

d hi",

~~I., ~ ........

tMs

.

,

1

b8-1 'ttery' ' ...

I' " _- "1'

_", _ _'_'·I': "

46 LESSON'S

EX·"/E)Ri·;'C·-·-I"S~~~'ES·--·:-1 ~~~~~~----~~- =-~- -~~~~-~-

I ". .. l "... '( ',_ -', . _'

I 'Look ;1:1 the picture and practice 'how to use ko're'Jk,oDOJ~! sore:/soD,o and a'rel.nID.

I, Klore wa 30,ootI-en desu,

Kloao, kamera wa 30"ooo-ea d:et1lu,

2. Sore' W~ ,20.0CJ0.en de JU,~

SoD,O 'to- ·,ei WB ,20,,~n desa. 3.;; Are w;a 1.0,OOO"e: J d,es'D,.,

AnOI tip11uk,Oda wa 1,Olt_en d,e8D~1

'Iill Make~ Id'ia],ogu,e.:s 'by changing the, 'uode'rUned :partl as, :in t'be examples gi,vlen.

A"I e%~ Q:, 8,0180 'k~,~·er. 'wa ,;; -'U---, d,·-II, ka~

,

A:: 'Kore wa ,3G,.OilO-ea, ,d ell U,.,

I, ]mo'o mjio" sore:

2:1' ,80,0. tipurek,iNli, .a:

,8,., G., :Ko~- c, wa, NillOD 'DO, klllrum ~ ,desu ka,

,A; Ile, :Nih,OD 80 dew., ,ariDla-aeDl Do/itla DIG' des'u,11

, '

I a --e'; '-rik-- - , ' ~', '1-- .;';,u'ii'i

_,1" ~:I I, .'1 ,_",.g!R

2, 1'4f_~in_ F --rans,g

• uu, ,IA" U_~ __

C.. ex: Q: Rare.8 ,doko ,DO kamera desu ka ..

A,:, NiboD DID kamJera de.a.

I.. Doiltsu

2. ,Amerita

D~ ai, Q:: ,M,O at., kasa wa Ut'ura dle8U kal' A: Are wa 5,tlO(Mm dealU.

l~ ,cbUaai kamera, 20~, 2,. 'Doit.u, 80 t,okei" lO,OO1kn

E,~ g', 'Q: 'Ha,aabi-aan 110 tau w,e 1mr" desu ka, ,A,,:, Hal" S(llr,e' desu,.,

1 ill lROre':, kere

2" are, :are'

'Ha,ubi48D, :00 'kua, 'W., dore:_'eau, :ta'l

AI v',m;re- -'. d- DDII-'-'

__ III l_rU:- .' I .. : illlll!rU . Ijl

F'

_,~ a.

1~ NikOD,!!!,go DO tepa

o 'S- "!iI'illft'IIII':iRiI1I_,gDnl o· 0 k'liillil;~rjlm._. ,.: · .. ·liIL.Uual .. ~ : _ ~ .. _ ',1&&.. ': _:.

II 'hiJbd8u ',2~, fuUdsu ~ mi"

'~tl ' - _ Hau

,4il ,otts. !3"t Ltsutsu 6,. :m,g,t,tsu,

1', na .• alb,u 81, yattsD

€iiI 'k- - k - - otiil:!i·U ':\P,. ,_ 101 -. 00, "-~ _~ __

10, t6

11 1!Ii .. «',....i'L.,!!I1

" . II' JUJ.iPC:UI,

l~l; Jun;i

lV':: 'Leo' -'. - to, at -, t-"h'-' -~_"""iIi-' - . d .' - . ...,:, - tb - f 11-" _. ". -. ,- t- t-· - -'. 'b" . ,I..n,_·- ~,- .. , th·, -

,_. ,:" '-, ': , ---,_,e' pA;,LUreS, aD praCLlce -.~.e ,0, low~,ng pa,-cern"y CUdJ.lgtng "e

,,,,,,.,-.:Jla!ll"~:-e· --d''-- pa' . ...._ ~,G m';o· . ;"'L_, 'e'V!!!iI'm-- "pta. mve-'n~

-~~~,WI ~ ... I __ ,~."~' I-lUi Ugi _ I IWC ," A.a. "'_ .. I~~ lb.~·u:·-.~" "11

£I., Koao :1Idnuau '0 :futatsa '_'~1Id8sai~ l~ •. 'ODOI deaeh'i .• hi,tota,g,

2\i IG ,la, 'rinp, itauma '9 k ,!'L. 2" 1",::'diODO m .. an" .. ':'~I

4\1 100-en DO k\itte~ li).mai. 5\~ biiru~, l~JI,OIl

.1110 '1lirisu

'I'tuia" .. , 'I; .

- "

." - ' ...

'that" dDt 100le, (lover there) U'_d Klnad,OID

Italy

F'Min,"'-.· . IJ,AlI~

'W_I:; be~ongi'ng' 'to or oomi •• from wbat place:?

aku :NIxm·,1O

-ge

tepa. 'futablu iildi

D.,'---s--

,I"'u'£.u!_ U

dO~8'

4

~"

'ia'n,D1i1I!!l1ti!P .lL > :.rlli5.'1Ia_~~

.i'i,~

.~~

2

i!!hon ~ -boa.~ -""11.

-_._ , . - , r-

lit 1.0 (Sheets) (counter)1

'beer

12 'bottles I,.oounter)

iI8~~tIU mikaD. ,2 .. kIro

,~Idro

'ki!tie

51 tamgerin,e

2 kilograms 'kUogmm

postage stam.p'

1ft., II iu-m81

t...:= __

·U.R"

1- '111- 1.,-11

.J-IIUI_.:.~,

Slllm:lm·_~::_:_D. Rajio. OJ :._ I_J~J: _'_~:e _~U~_:_I_~ I 'DoDo ,raj'lol desu k. II

ADo, chUIIlIi '~]o' d 'UlIi

:Hai, d6Z8,~

:S • .,II~::

Tea ,,!'-,. _ .. -\_!:_ m.

Smith: Excuse me, Would YO)J sho'. __ ·· me that radio? [Cd:: Wh,idJ, rad:io?

Smith: Tha'tmall :ra,dioJ (oyer ther,el 1C1e~k: Certaiml"" sirl" Here you an'i

2t. Sa -_:~B.': AD--:-:, .~-- . Wf' iSua d-_-g - .. -.

TII,':m': :Dore J_;~'--"U Dill

~s~ -,~~~. --U~ ABo': -i I-~_-- . 4._.

A're' ' .. ...,.. ~ ~ d-l- 'u-

n_ . ...-' O]"~\U' .. ' -_~

-.aD lea-

_:. - - I

IT iIi'I'

.eD~m.:

Smith:: H:ow mueb is: t-l'-rt umb:reUa, ,(over the~e)?'

1C),edt: Whi.ch, one?

Smilb:: That blue one'~ Clerk:: Tbat .. '=! 15:tOOO.

Smith.: :Is ,tha~. blac' 'umbrena, 15~'OOO'~ ~oo?

:Ce'rk,: NOli it',s '; ~ 7,'000,.

,Sm,-:_ .. ·l":th:. W ·:11 'then· I'D take ~,t,..t~.t·: L':1r''''-:::'; e.

_ - ---~ e ._ --iii' , I~Uil ww.: one~

...... 'adJ,

aoi blue C·j, adj, .. ) black (~:i adj'.)

QUIZ'-C-"'-'

: . I

_' ' ..

.. I • !I 1!.l.J.

• II • II II _i

•• 1'1 II!!!!

_ _ .. "" F -

I S'u.pposing· y[ou. are the store clerk in the illustratioo .. Answe'r the customer's questions.

1. Kono, Doits,u DO· kamer. wa ikara desu k,a. 2~ SODO kam,era mo Doi.t- .:. D.[O· desu Ita",

3 .. Sono kamera w'. ikura d,eslI ka ..

4;; ADO ehiisai ra;:io w'a Idoko . -_:. deau .ka~.

" II till .o[ RAJIQ

'~.

I

II IComp·le.te the queations :90 that. they fit the answers,

1.. Kono de'DeIli wa C' lOIN •. d.elU'ii

2:.. , ) 'W a Deara d.esu ka,

AIR .. -~. ,30I,O()().e - ,des- - ,

3·~ Are~ '"a « , DO kitle desu ka ..

lie. lP:~: a 80 I "_,ew'. [ •.. ,"~mal':: I .•.

< ') 80 des. ka.

'J' d ..... , .. k'·~

.- 'esu I ".'j]

III Pa.t, the ,aprpropriaite particles in the paren:th1eses,-, (If a. 'particle: is not required,

,.~. ··t= ~·ft X··' ' " . ·th:··e- '-~"!Jip. "h ;.,"-' .. ).

pu. ' •. " . In ,_:., pg_a en'l!; , ese,s,!!,.

1,,, Klore. t

·N-·-,Ii.· ('

"·;":·08 .•. ~

21! Kamera (

3~ Bini C.

AI T!",.. '.' _ ,,(

.... ~ .... ).

5 '17'. __ (

~ n.iJ.lfaOI •.

-) Nili (

'.' , ..... ·~_;_·OD .'.

. ,

) 't·'" ~ ," --;8;-' .,:".1,..- d'- '1" - '80-:-:-'" -. ,j,&P-u"--e'k- .':'.I.~ (. _.epur...;uu.,. e "u ... ···0.0 '1o'C! . r:.r:_~uu.a '

,

) [des •.•

). , mi .. ;te kudasai

' _ ... - .. _ .... I

) ls.;b- -, "ka' d' . .. ~

.' : .~.' 'OD I, .,' : .1. 888J.

) 1:5O-en deau, •

) ·riDIJt· (, ) hitomu (

)- QIW\ , d"1 ,...

,A~U,.·~_U.

IV Translate i'uta Japanese, I. How much, i.s.this!'

,2:~ How' much 'is ·this radl,o;?

3~, M.y 'watCh is not Japanese. It is American, ,411 Please show me that smalltape recorder .. ,51~, Please give me 3, (ro~ls 0:0 fi1m ...

'W·.· hie h ·f··· '~lm" I ;t

. ,~JJlr... I I :I:.. ~ !II

That :fi1m.~

LES< ·8··:·· .. 0':' ··N····'

,I -. ~ "" ._. -:,' .. .' r. ", .

, .... [I

,G··-'·,O·· :. ':I'N-~'G"'::~ AN···-\ .\. "0" C"~ ·,O·····--:···M·· ·I'N·:··:: 'G'-~~

.' "_,' ' .. , .• ~ '.'._ 1 _ .' ,'. , I : ',: .. ' ,. __ '.

- - . - - -

---- _-

M··r·· T····.···.-I, ...... 'm- .Q4t· =a ·M····.. 'B' ·:.·y.-.a'b· '-'1'·: '.- t 'To~ 'k· 'y.' "0-:" ·S····:~·t·- ·.-··t'I":O-:- ·ft· ·M:-·r·· '8'· 'a- "y:'_ab"~

, . '.' , ... I,IDA,G, '.1 W!!!iii' ~~ .' ._"'-.' . :. :"".". ·u_l__._! ..•. 1 , i" .. 1 •..•••.••. ',' .'. '., •. 1 .. , I " .", . I'li . Ii. .. ..... ':., aa I

'100'-: .·I!"",,-: a' • H'" .'. h"· 'e" ". IS'· ,- '1' :·'o··;~n,d' 1-: ".- a' t'., ._:oIi,. -

,··IUlI __ c;I1 '.,,f .. ,:._- ,_ .... 0.0, . ,. ,np.

t: '".,~ '4" : ~: ~:. \" s '1'." iJ~'Q

ti ~ L ,: '!C' ,J:: ? 'z: e» L, IL • ~:.:

It: '~~' '6' :: i ;~ t:, t:} '~" \ '\ ~ t .'t' :0\0

',il ..... ~ IL' ~. ". '\:.'" \, ?'" ~ .. :-,'t:" Il-' .. ~, '" '1',~ ~ ~ '\' , '~ t·~-

~ iii&. -\.- ..' .. ,'~ . ~, "', "1" _"Y v- ..... . .. ,I Q

~ ~",.~" >I. ~ , .. ~~ 'It ~"\ I' ~ ~I ~,\ ._, ~. ,~, .Jr."

I:;", .. II oi ,0 In I~ 1.1 iJ...... 1) "¥.....,~., .,,, 0

~ ~, .~ IL ~ ~ .," '\ ,_J J.._'_~ "'-'=- ~ .Jt ,J,. "\ ~' ,;00' II..,. "'\ ~ '.;aJ.., l .

~~ 'lr"" .~. ~ ~, I ~ I,. ~." nl ,17 I~, ,';J . I ~ leIL .~ . ~ ~J~' NQ

,f: ~~' It' : \, ,,, ~,.; s ,Jr. '? ,: fi" t I.', t .., 6"'~

';l.~' L :: ,,, ~ ? ~ It' ,t IJ t ""0'

~;;t ~ L ~ ,tv tt ""~ , L '.' Q)

\ \ !J' i ""0, '~' IL '~' IJ ~ ~ '~

~>!..~: ~J:'1~q) ILIL~~:

'\ir ,:~: _ J:' ,~~.... Jii., '. ,I') ,~ +. -

c... l.': ~- (_I~ " ~J ':J ~ ~: ,a:.. :, 0

,. k ~""'" aaVA. _. ~11U48llil S'buteh,,, ClnD II a,

', •. ,.D8~'=, .0., iJ~

"R 'k"1t D.-

.,88<1:, ~.

Tao aka; Do:ko, :D'i iIdllUlBu ka,.

'8 _..,. Ky' .. to b' i, b' '~ilI··

! 1 :a1V;- '1· •... ;nr .'. '''0' '8' i·liD'a· 'Bi'l' -:-1.'" ·~.au'·- .

" . '#" -' _ . .' <. 'U ... ' .a .'. ''IJQ. .' ' ... __ ~ '.

T· .' 'kat'iI :H:I·'·t rI'" d" &'1 i" - . . 'kl -

,ana. ...: . ~ !. ~,yllr -; ' .• I_e :~ . :JmR.lIuall

a.P all I: I·ie,. :t.islla, 'DO 'b.ito, ·to ikimasu.

T_I'8aaka __ :: .A~._'ill== ._,Ii .. ,:LJ,_._,iIIii- ka

_ \.rIJBKa DI m., IIUU"'U_~

Hayaflhi: ,lie" ltaak. III ' ••. :ikimaHII,.

T:a:n·. ·a· ·k··a·!'1i! :1j'~U': T.: £'L,.!tA g, .t!: k' '-.:a··~im-: • 'Cllil!iii!lt11i kall

. ~. ~'!I .I11.D. UB;~-U __ ........ ~_ ~_- _

'Hayashi: A'u'!tlie: kaerkauu.

11:0 iiUIi

'TI ", :-'ka-" - "

, . ,B!III" ""!Ii

Ha,ashi:

T-· -

' '. ::a:naka·:

H .... L,·' -.~- . a~ul.: ay __

Tanaka··· .. ·.· ~

.' I ' .

_ _. ~-. .' J!i!

'Hayashi:: 'Taaaka':

H-·· . -,.;,,~Ll: .. ·~y,am:u~.

'Ts:ft8o:

H Bh· -aya:=- I.:

Ah, .N'rM' Ha,aabi'f is it a. busill!SS tn·PI '(y,ou"u gobll 'on)?' Yres ..

"II1't..·'--·A a're' -. Uft1it lAin." .'I'I_n:£r!V ." I .• ' - j.~~ .. ,~.-:u,~;i

I'm goin, to. om' branch office in 'Kyoto .. A,_ 1100' m'\~n,iJi al ,AftA':J!'

~c: Ij:':·' r.'~··~ '._ ~_"'~l.·

.N:o" I'm going' with. a perSQD, &'om 'the c'ampany".

Are· you IO,illl 'to 10sak." too?

No, we IIJ'le 'not ,goinl to Osaka.~

When. are )'iOO coming ba.c'k, to Tvkyo'? W·e:~re· returning the day afb~1' t.omonvw ..

• Mr, .. H_Byum 'iJsgomg' 'J) the cCJmpa:my'~s braneh office in 'Kyoto with ·a coD.elpe ... They ·w'in. return 'to Tlokyo· the d.a.y aft.er tomonow,,,

a

. u'lehal dee •. 1m

ahu.tehl

8' iaba

'b" iii Ii'

Hon[~_e

to

.A,~ ='1""" •.

VIIIIK- __

Tokyo

'kaerilnasu (kae:nd

. ····:n- Je

- - _._ . - -

.-~··--hite

GHi : 'AMMA' " .' ... ".:' '. '.R"·I 1-:-11'

" . '._.:.:': -'. '-', .~.--:-. ": .' ., '.

ab,

is i.t a.·busJne;ss trip ~you~~'re I,omg on)? busmess, itrip

to (particl.e)

g:o~ is ,Ioing

Kyoto, ,(city an' . pirefecture)

braneh office

alone'

'wiJth (,pa,rticle)

Osaka (city ,amd. pre~Kturf!) Tokyo (,city and prefecture)1 return, come back

'the day after tomorr-ow and'tb.eD

L DOU'ft "'8 'place .. ~., :IIE, :IKlMASl1

2. noun wa place '. lIE IKlMA,S:U KA 8'-1, €noun, W8 place ni) ikim~I'u,~, Iie, (noun wa place Di) lki'maae_ -',~

'0 '"_1- "I

.' clrtluc··:, It i. e

----_ --

PJ-I"'l~ _II-a ~li'.e·-' an-": ''''un' -: ~a'nt'" p-: !!I'II'!!t· of Ja:- nIItiJ'II"'IIIQ~a sente ,"p·e·""·· C!i' ...... ,., .. jj,'If'l!"A "Th: .. ~ '. -.w resemb le

~ .. L_gc! ~_J ... - '_ ·_~_,_:""JI, ~iI._. -GUll ~ .' : :' __ J.C&I,~:r~ [~I, ·-··,.I.~·_ G·y ~iLJ~ ~'!Ii :_. _I~;~' I! ~~. ," 1.,- r':'_.

B:ng}ish p.~positions, hI the way the:y connect ~\nrds, bUll. un : , ·EngU.sh pnpoli,~

'..: ....- -- -' _ s , ii .. 'h-" '-'. -". . be .. Z;· -. I'· -. _ .. - . J--:.. .' .. ' -. . , .... ·,ft'i .. ')- . -- M :~. ""t·· -"-" -. -. a)" I --:- "

l,,"lI0D8't W._ J.e· come ~ .. ·"lore nouns, _I apane:se pa ,11·IC es are "'s~,vus. 'Ions" ,~_ w,aYSi

. - t!! ... ,-~- . - .. _- p- ... ~. I'" . 'b'- .... s ... 'tb··· - ... ' -.. -. ·,t· ~'- ·11 , '. 1'-" of~ .' -. - ,ii, t, JI' .. - - .-.

comIng areer nouns,~ ·'BII1.I,C!es SOW' I[e gramma,llca.1 roie '~. DOU.DB, 10, apane:se~

GItAM-- " .' . . AI' -I'~' '53:"

I I . ". • ' .

' . .::_. .:_-.__:_ " 'I .' ., J ••••••

The role 101 tbe preposi'tioa "to' in Engl,ish, b;_p:~a'Y'ed by the _parti,c.~es: D'i and.a in

J. "'n:::l·OsC'!.D, ,pJla-'- ..... ~ '1"!1·,. ... e .... th e noun '=C()'-. m ',,,-,"L~'ng" co. Iik :·.a -tho. 'g, Eng Iish '-S'-'U" ffix ", !Il'''-w''''!'IIT''id'' !!i!!' as

a . .,,... -'ioo'tiil"-"iJ' ,'~ I~ _.l! __ .;1;. _ _ _ _ _ __ .'Y'U·.- o!;:!Ii. _ .. _ UI;;'U.l. _ .. _' I .-""_. L . ' . ". -_.,11.0 .' -- '" ,'UJI. '. - ',iii -~

,'~ ," .;1,"" et -h'·w' - ard ,_ tnl

.In, no., _- .g, ~,,,,,

'-T" "'" k'" .,', j.kit' l_!j '-' " - iii ,iii I: -, - - - -" ," - , -. :--, T - 'iIrt!lf n' '(-'-1: ~,', U., :T: 't- '.- '. '. rd' [. ,-:- ' .. -.-

£I" ,.0 ·.ylo ·D.,e · :'1:I]],89U,., " am. gOIng ~o ,o.n..jO'i ' .' :h;;i ., Q;·YO-·W8_- _ _ am

O'Il'dn 0'1' 'lIl.t)·

D!UI',~';';.a6I. .. I

T'L. - - - - ,-'. -,- -]-1:- .a h - - - - - - f __ 'Ii! - -d--- ,-, ,- - - d ill ,-"....i ed -,-- -. -,-_i' __ -, - b -,- 11.-- --, bu-I-t- ~,----,- h'ijjii"ill- p'-ra' c

ii, neare-tlC8. ,~y the use: 0,01, an e are creme as gJ,ven, .ie',I.DW~. '_,;_~- in a,CIIl)U-Q, ,.'"

tice 'tb,ey' are intercbangeable. In this book, in eituationa where either 'mig'ht oc-

Iii

cu- 'r' 'WH'if; 'I ''I iit'i,D, 0'1

(.I~'n-'~ _I'i

.' .", ' ,_ --_ - '.'.-- __ '" -, _J! iIi,_ .. cti iii -,: -"

e,~ expresses airecr Oil

H- Ii! hi e ik' .• '. - - - - . . 11:':(-])' -.'" . - ' .... _. '. dl t'l.. - .. '. "

ex. -lI8B~- e ~_~lmB8U'ii' --_ .;, am. go'mg 1L.U!war_-:, _-ue east,

, ,,"!I·.iI ---:-. -- --.~- "CC"-,-- --:C. ,----- '!'-"'aj ---,---t a- d estin '8' -t-""~

01,1 eYnl"e5ses, am,v_. ,R :' ': _, ... _ '_ .. 1 ~,-.lulU;

~ ~ ~lr!ll'

ex. 'Ky,oDen DO 1.2:..ga-.ts,u ai, NibolD, n,i kimashlta, '1(1) came to Japa.n last

D-'" -- ,---- nb - - 'U

, ·· .. ec-em .'. e·r~.

'Nobe that some p'" articles, like ka may" come at the end olf 'p-- hrases clauaes or

•• ':. _" .~ ''____:.-, " • '," [l] ,'1 _," " _-, .• _:-. -_".-'II '.: ," _- ·}_·:t ,j' '::-", '_:" ,',_.' -. __ ' .' .,', .. it ''',1 " . '1',· - .. ,_,-.,_.,_1'1 ~'"l,_._._ -._:'" _ •• '-"' __ '

sentenc "eQ. See L- OGso"'-n' 1- 'ill "!"8" -.;, L·-:- ',' -~.;., '.- 9-:- 'k '£1, 'y'O ne';;;' L-' -, ~. '-r'" 'I'n .. '.i!! LI' o.C!!'C!!I'o-:'n'· 12'~

~. ,[LI~ 1_ :__~'" :_::__~--,---. c___:_:~~ ..... ' '" I :11 I\_,..: ~ii! ·__::__:_::@,sson , .. " . ,arg." ,~ .. " I . "!iI' .. -e,sson ______:.u, n,'!" .. '-~~~',I , _ .. s- ~

'- and- Le l' 6- I

I : 'I" :. '.-,-:C ' -'- ':-','-, -- _-. '

ga'j' '-". _. _- .. Sian, (, '.I!; D.l.

'. 'V'er'bs,

Japanese sentences end witb the verb, (Des,u in, Grammar ] is not strictly speak:iol ,a verb, 'but its 'use in sentences 'is similar to that ,of' a verb and so it comes at the end.') The endings of verbs show the tense and 'whether' they are positive: or :ne,g,B'D.ve ~

Tenses of Japanese verbs can be divided 'rougbly into two large categories: 1" Present Form

Habitual action: es: Tanaka-san \V',a :maioile'h:i kaiBi-ba :ni i'kim_su,. "Mr ..

Tanaka goes to 'the office (lit. company) every day, t,~ Future: ~. [W'ataabi wa] ,A.shi:ta kaerimasu.. ~ ~ I return/am returning/ will return tomorrow."

o Past Form

I.£. ,II!!I . .' " : ..... "., I, ",.i , I"

Past: IX. (W.ata:l,b'i, wB,11 Seoshti :Ky'oto nl ikima8,hi,ta,~ j, 'Last week (I) w,e'nt to' Kycto .. ·~

Presen . ' "t, 'l'\PIII"f-act·· - ~'4~_ ] ntii_ k ';i' .- -la~' :ab.[I;ta· . U(" Hi ~ e ,,)' h ~ ~ J. 'i ;,'it'! t C'- ~-O"-:' 'rna, _ :~ ~

~g .. _.- ' ,r~~'-~-"-~~!!I : 'olJDgl"'~ __ .B_ '_ .. ~'I~ "I~'_' ~' .• ~_iII',~ ,~ .. ~ .. i .•••.• ~II!

'1-- - '-e"~'- '., '1- sentenc A~ 1~1I!., ...... · ·th·, -"- · .. ·,·b······ ~ .. '. . • ..,.I!iiiOi;;-- •.. ·f.' J'" '_-C','.·. -'-'.' .. ,.,' -, .. -- rbs .·.1, ··1·' -' -,-:-"-:- -.- -- "b1ll -

,n ~!nm,p e Q~,"'.IlU;II.:_~' c_lru; .' .. Ie ;a, .. ove, 1~1IJ,lSeS O,~. - ... apao:tlSe ver· s, Close y resemi .. ~e

th"- o~a in' Dn!O"I-'~';'I;L 'H':--- .-.-. -. '.' , erbs th iiI!Ii';l, a'n, -- -- -' -, ithi r. -' '" ',,'-.' "':' 'i' ,--- --.' '. in add '~·...:o-,- C' to ·t-h' '--,

I_I~~ .. I .D ... ,c_GUJ ..... ,owever,. V~i. '13:' dJ .. ~,..;.cor Wl_Jln a. se:nl!.-en,ce ... ~:_b.Ji_n .. · ..•. l@.

main verb at the lend (i.e., Before I: Ie!t· home, I: turned 'off the TV)I, do not

Dai"i~'G' -"'1··· "."",,:'11, .. -. the -·-:' __ ·m·-·-'e'· £:-.0, - -" th ' , :. 't--,' ,. -: '1 d·· !' -. 'E"'i-- ",'11:!'!-:-h B" to". th ',-- ,,·t ki id -- 'if: ..... _._ - t,,·: - '-',--'--:

_~,,.,..~n· ., l'~ _--lU:, sa ._- ··orDl ... ey won [. In .. I -ngllS .. _." ·'UJ .... Ui1.\ - ,,,·n I .. o· sen, _-.ence

,1j,. .) '- .... ~·"d -. 'th - .. " of'- , .. 'L,!: ~- '00 'k " d -- -- -- t· b'" " tn-d·'~ ...:III~' B'" - ,- t, II

.IS oUIA~,'e I __ e :scope' ..... '"IUS.O .'. ani'. :m'lll.s __ ~e ,S_. __ ~leg, :1D ·00.,· 'i

N' The- f-' f -h - ~ .. th 'bul r I k .. ) , ate:) _ d -11, '~orn,l '0 1': Ie verb gl.¥en In '_-' ,- e 'y;oca, 'I-lley' 11S'tS \'··Ut "'" I·U, ~S'II:. ,·'ra" e:tc'i:

,~ th ii f-' d-·· d'~ _.:. ii; i· ~ f .... , ... :1111 d" tL d-"" to; f-' U dl t IS '~_[e .. 'Oft.) :JOtm-!,. in.·.lL-UOlnanes, 10' It IS, Qi-ten ,(;ttJ, ei . -,lie 1'~U:!lIODary _,or,m,~ ',. :&e., a'

. tb,e end. Qf a. sent:ence';, it 'is, less :fo:rma:1 in, C Oll,ve:rsa,ti ODS; than the ·Mal,O :formj' Thi-s,

"boo'k us- es' onID'lly thl e' --- ,- - - - 'H~'te'" ma- 8U'-' f()" 'r--'-

" ..1-.--', 'I r·.·.·· _:~ 'm"IO'.-"I"'~ P' r ·0" . -, - ,:' .'. - ." -- i .'.,-:' --m

1_:." " ", r . '" ," ", .[,:.' ,.~ .. '_'" J_ •••• ....:~ ._,' ,".. ,".' •• .' ," .' ,., " __ ,.1

NO"- "T-uS' -~!

i ". : JJ::,~: I

l~, A,. H:i,t.ori d'e ikllll8su .

. Number lof' people. 'ta~el' the parti,cle de.! a, B~ilt,ori ,de~ ':';aJiDD1e, by mleselfl'~

,Sen'-Dim ,d,e'., ~"three' ,olf 'uslth,emt~'

'8:- : K.'I'I!'SH·· DO' .. ','. h' Jl.iI'tD····· 1'-'0-" ik·Iii' , '~'m- - - -- ..

" -. ,"- ..., I IIi'ili:!!:U

I . Ii! .. < __ ~ _"',_. _ _ . "_-~ .. __ .1 __ '_. ! _~. _I!jil

1-, d' ',", ~d' '] ., d'I'! '~d' 1 - 'k h ~ 11 - u: ~ h ,t,t

D'- ~,Vl- ,UI or m lvj;::I'ua ,;5 take tr e parbClLe to 'I' '.-' with.'

~- T.'R,O·ka··' '~D.D:I te, 'I<il'ii~~,t-~'h' ·M'·."iI"'- ·T-. .a naka "iii

~ _' ~ . .. gtg;_ " .. ~I n'll I I 1'_[ II, 'I! ' I eli: "_

2·-· Osa~' ka ~ 'I - .' ,

-'Ii .-.,t~-'- ----:, .•.. , D: '~l m' :--,0.- - '1-1£'1' ma:- :-,:~,U, " ka ..

_ _ . -~ .. . . . _ -,!!:II l ~

Iie, ,08B'ka'" :Di .'.' :ik~I-'I;lm-:-'·sonl,

, _ _ _ __ _ _ ,_'M! _ ,,"U Ii!

Mrj, H:,a',yasib~ says, he is ,go~ng t,o K,y:oto", 'w:h-ic'h is close 'to tbe i'mportan.t: indu~

~; 1 . ~'hj: . of' n,..,,·. 'ka- - -. 'I..iI, ':T··---- . '-k' - .- 'k" hi ""f-' 'h' II' - ~-.. , '., . 10" ',- ak", , .'," [0"- - ':k' c

.. ria .... ,cll~i 0" '\nja-_..::~_~, so IVJl,r'~ '--- anasa asss mm l' :1 e ·~S' gO~lng "o.,~'f,a roo, __ , 88~'a

'0'1"" 'm-- -'0::' "I 'N', ote the p'·o:·O';j;'t·:-"'o"· -c· afte ,- t,1l,..e· -. ,c, ',,- of the .-, ~·t-:"' .~11- ,: 'O.'lIi ~4: ... ,-:: 'ii-~'i'iF~--·d---.-; 'u

" . ", . - ,. Iii • 'li. -, ' '. -'_- _~ ': " -~l_-1L_n _. -_- _ 'r _JLi, ~:: noun u _' ,",_ Ie, parl~I,CJ,les __ - _1,. ._;QI':t Iw'w~fi_ St

ao- d m- -'0' ". "~"'nt.'lii, al . so U

. ..:._ _!~ . :.>:'1 I~~:'l .,-' I ~.. :'i'

In Dis, ~'Iy' - 'Mr' H"aY'aSbi uses the ttotnlc 'm,ark,er 'n!llriicle' WB to, S'JhAI:-~-: ,.',L.at'-

';--,.;;-_' .__ __ . ""-r· r JI "-" ,ill, "J,:: .. -. I • - . ' .• 1_, "1""" _ . I " .• -- ~1I!o·L :.:. __ 1 __ 1, : __ ,,,.,W UId-1

O'~-I'"""a: 'D"~ ~' .. ·th-· r' toe ~I'~ ~:~Ai ~'" -, In_,_ll':~_ ::-1' ,- --, -'--I'~ It-:' , ',',-'I!' ,-', ' ,.'1"',. -. I, (See G'--'-;: -~, ~. '., '. ",

. '.0" " I IS, _ e "OPU::jl AS llor UtiiUl&, .. am DU _- gam,1 il;;'R:I:-e,~, ' .. c_: . _:ramm.ar

[II - '6'-'--&- '\ N j.\iI!!t. 't-"h-' to, 'hl!!'I' tw' - . ng""";; .)" . . .. .. . ... _111, f'-' U-- -. . -- - - ..•• ;,1..., . -- --

____ ._.~ p,~_1:,~,' J_O:w .···a - w, me '·'·0 ,t'-W:I.~,C es may Dorm_f' ',0,· OW one anotner, as

d iii d- lil bo d' ~Il tb ~, -~I-

_ 10 DI DlO ane III wa a __ >~'ve~ W,8, an: , 'm,o, never' '10,', lOW" -';,. ,8 partie'lea p ana 0'11' 'but.

eli, .. - .. 'iii. : tat'· . 1-, ,,;I!.'LI·,,"'-··· slao ", ·S'~- lill' -l,.", " . ,'-" .- - ",d'i . ----.- " . "" ... :-, -':: .. ' ,- .~ '1- -,--. - 'd--I 't-:-' . - eth - -,c'" - '0--'-;" -.':- '. '-- --'

~,lmpllJ,y .•.. te rneir p ... IOO~, '·~lmuar"y" "B,an_-_, mo are n,evel" usee _"oge er, ·-D,e or

the other is ,--,~,-'"

_ _ _ _ _ D8cu,

~' IS-<u'm:~ e· - - -GaD" ::---:a'" L_Drdft- ,L:! 'd' - aa - ,Ii: ·'M.i ',-. S··· .. ·· 1- ~,th; " ,~- ~ )--., i -, ' ,. - - 'I':' '8, -.' .. ,- I'" . ,- -, ) '.' .

~\O' I::: IQU""'OQ___:___ w_ _ ut: .• :v<sw '_~a!lU. -' ,_f'iIl' ~- ml, ,~s a, a:wyer,.. " DraDD, __ ,n,

mOI'l ·be···· - "D- .-iI:!I:L·i· d- ,aa·u- iUM- -'.' - -r' 'B" 'roo ·'!IU"PIi1 't-oo" ..... ,ia '8' 1IIa"U7'U'A'tI'!!' ,.,.

_> .. - 5~D,--- - _""'-10 .• ' "__ . ,..: I"'", &;11" I: - I;, ,lIiQ . I, ,II! ['1''11 j ~,', '.

M-" "0 ,p.~ft '#"OO'I,AW'" 'ii!!Ii'tl'iil'V ·,-'f:-' the other na ... ,~~'I--·i--:--! 1:--\0. - -, _.:1' ka-'-~-::' __ d-'-' . '.-,'

. t' '-"CUI, n Y'.' I ...... U,J' 0, Ii.._c_:~ D~ __ er paJJ ..,;b.aes SUCu, as Ollt ·r-af ." .e~; e!L'c ..

Ii A:_He, ,kaerimalu.,

Reiativ!B time expresslons Uke ."I~yesJt'erdayr, ~~ "next week, t" "this month' and "last yea,[,t;' do not take: particles .. ,

4. Soabi,te, uatl,e T6'lk:yfi :ni a,erlql8StI,_

1-0 J- 'a panese m ~'t"II'yr senten - ,p;OQ 'b' earh'li nJ4t'l. eon ne ctives 1- tke aftiCi:h "",lILe 'Il¥i;,Al'!ii ni, - - -__ ~,-_, ,." __ ::w,l~~ . 1_ ._:1" Q~.Ii._!··· ~'Q',.":U,"',iI, U II..-V, ·.-.~,~U "'" -Q~ 'I!:' - :~-iO ' 1&-- '~', a.l~~lUng

Hand then :u---'--h~ ch 1.::_'(11 .. , ·th' .. -. --- t-'-··--:·· 'th-' -. - ','.' -'-, .~' --", ,-" - -' ... ",_ :.-

, ", .~ .. ,eo, W_'..:I,C,-_, ,Wl!A ,. ,tmlO ,e prevtOUS seDre-DC-e'i

5- A· .... ~""'.'k-·: 0". ii,iIi,_,','I4oal~O"';'

, I ." ,., .......v, . ,. nll~:Ji'~

,I%'~ :Dmiko ni ikimas:u ka. ,1l1'Wher,e, are: yO:U, going'?:'" B. J:t8u, '~whenlir~~ Time in, geoeraJ,~

-)'- ''1;,.,::;, ....... ,'"'"' 'u- ."'-m- I '., ,U

6%11 ,:tsu I\.IUHI-IU,__;~'I. '-"- ..... " en, ,Ir@ 'you com'IDl'~'-·

c. DareJdoDB,ta 1(111), uw:b,o'"

ex .. Dare :da,'Osaka ,m :ikt'ma •• ka, i:,c'Who····· i~--:--~·.~Dg' 'to- '1 ~aka'?;); U:'r~i,· the sub-

_ _ .. _ _ _ _ __ _ __ II _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _}iiJ. gol , ... ~ _ __ '" td!D . e au

jec,t is un'Jmown, the, particle: ,iB shoruld be used after' dareJdoaata, 'lnst'ead 0:1

th,.8 'tl-OP~'-:' ie marker 'W8, .. ~',See G-rammar IIl~ p' •.• ", 66~)-,

J - - - - ~,- - - - - - I" . -;- - - - to'

PRAICTIC,E

" -

I I. W,B,ta.-hi wa, . _I a'h ita, lIiDk,o' ni :ik:ima&ut;

3~ ,K~o.o deoua wa 'Toky., :Bki ai ik:imaBe.,.

3,~, Watasbi, we kioo' :yii'blnkyo:k.'u Di, ,ikialBshita!!

,4\~, W'atashi wa sens,b:i p_kk,o' ft'i :ikimasen,deskita,.

,5., Samisu~saD W,8 kJolillcn ,Amerika, 'ka,ra NllI'oD D'i, ki'lR.sbi.ta,~ 6,. Sumisu,~flBD' .. '. r,B'mien A,lDerikl8 n:i kaerima.ul,

KEY'SENrT,INOI! ,55,

1,~ I'm B,oing'to tl),e "bank to~ow,.,

2~ ThiS, train, doesn,'~t, go to 'Tokyo ,Statton~ ,8'-' 'I .'I'4,.,t' Ilo" "'~,","" nAst' o"';~~'-- 'VAiI:!it-'4~1-'y",

- '!I ' "~,~[_ 1_ .. UliC r~· .. · _' I~ ,I'~ ·~IlD1: .. ~

4,. I did,n:·'t 10 to sc1boollast 'week ~

.s;~ !Wlr ~ Smith, came to j:apa'D '(roim America 'last ,'ear ~ 6,~ M'r.. Smtth, wiD 10 back, to America, next, "ear i

dlD.ltl, TikyOBki ,eId

_ •• bti,

kyooeal

bra

kim",1 ,-,- '-, ta

I 'I

_. - ,I

from (particlfd came

come

next. ylmr

'last 'WI-ek last :yea'r

IXE:RC,ISES _, -------____",..,.,~- ......... -""""""- ......... - ~~~~~~~~ I V:eibs: ,M'emo,rize 'tbe :following verbs in their present and past forms.

.0 eeme return

Past Form

'Dr, .PoCt.Pt'ii,'t= 'F: ~'rm-,~ • ' '

~._~_",~ I V~I[- .

III" -.t/il

~I,a "~~iIl

:ikim •• u iki num eD,

leimlft ,kinuuJea

"11",,_.,,- '''',-,-'"'iI'Ii'Ii ,--.' '1-_--, iI:..'.~lerimii~

"~iI,,""_ _ _ a ._ " !IiH:!!II!Iioo\;I,

!1l .. ,. dd,"",_L,: -

,~l •• le ;~ta

:ki DUl8I Dute.'bita

k- ,- , iii; - ,- - -,' d" - 'L:=t.iiIiii,

, 'aenmasen,_ am ..

:kj;ma.llita :kaerim asbita

1:-1 Pra~:~- """a, ,co---:-"U' O~· ..diD" g-" 'b- ,-;- '~"h-::- --:- _~---:-;i; -- i~- th "-', ,- ,-, - d- - -il~-d~ , art -,--,: ,ill., th- J:Ii, ,AV~'mp' le

.. ' .. , '; ". ~LI"ce Im~, JJ .. " ... I ' 'nil ,_ ... ,,' y C. 8.Dll,ng .. II! un· er,LlDI! '., pa as ~n, . ,,~""AA, I,' I ..

-- ,ill ifill' .... - 'L,~' .]' G····· t_,'I .... A ,_1 ::L!_, __

4 ft~ I "'I'.~I •. d, wa: : : .... mlaU _ :1&U~11l,!!,

I.. k,ajMa, ,I~ Amerikl,

-IU-- 'lA[, .... ,1 ... A~~I_:1I,-__· ~I' ,-',L::-, -f_-'", .'-- the : ""'d'I-~,-'I,~, '-'·d nart ',': ~' .. "':'L.,._"-::,,,, -11"~~:-::",--

..... , !vJlCl!a.c UlC!UogueSJ U" CI.laaglQg . e UDer.~lne, - 1 P ". as JIn, IUlt: exam,pllles, gIven,.

- -

,A~ ,61 Q,: 1"AData,wa) AsbiI8, kUlba, n1 iklimasu ka ..

A :R '\ 'ikj_ ..

Ad: 1Ie~;- - ik---o,-

~-,I!I - - - •

l~ t.mod.chi ao ,.em,

2 d- , .. _.

__ '~l ,_epa."o

3. t,aisblkaD

B~ ,IS 'Q: Kmm 4-'" wa Tltkyi Kill ai, iki'malu :ka ...

A.,

Aa: lie· ~,LC:-I-'1lOft .

-li'~~it

'C,' '.j' 'Q~ :1._iI1811118D, 'wa kin. Amelika, DiI kaeri'ma'mita '0.,

' __ .:._-_ -- '

,Ai.: H,Ii·· kaerima8Ib-: IU--,,.,

,. .. ,I! ~- - - ~ --~--~ - .1i14l_

An: n 'ka .- - .... ..AI-.nL~: .

. ·· .. ~._~_-..,Jenm8f .. nugmtai

I!! : ... 6

2!!! :len_au

3ii kpaea

D- .-: .,'- 'Q'iI' D- 1--, ~" ~6, tais'lbik811 Rii ikim88,U' 'ta.,

-,~ eI. ,_!II! _aN.- _,1'1 " - -.---- - - -- - ---, - - - -

A- T Ilk ... - 'ikim:- III! _ .. -

I -a-" .'-CHIi" _. . a_a

,ii ,- ·1IlIi. : 'U=aU.ail,: _.' " .. ', ;_~ 'I;

1. ad ,'L: _ ,.. 'tem - ,'aCDI,

,2:~ 'Tau-lea-un 'DOl 'bleho

'E~ 8" Q'I (ADat-a, ".,11:.8, :NllloB III 'kim_sUi. ka.

A,: Seusetlll 'khn8Sllilai

1" :KDu;i

.' 2. :kyoaen

F' ---

. -

-" B..

Q: Taoaka-san wa, k~i_n.6 Idaka ai, :ikimubita 'ka"

A.. 'n~pI_""~ In; iki -,"ma •... ·-"":St-, B· i·

, • ~ . !LU .... ~',---1I!UlI:I - _I'

- - , .

L ,yi,bmk),ll ~:!Il

2.. 'tomodBcbi, no 'ucb'i

3,. ..:1_'1:,.";;" ,~

G,. ,ex. Q:: Sandau, .. wa dare to' ,N:arita :Kft'kol nj, ikimul.ta, ka,

A- ~ T- - ·1;..'!ii!III,-I~B·d!-ft 'to-··:·. ,!'ii:"':C:~a~ ,"i;L,)ilta:-·,·

.J! ~ a_lI&_ .~~ __ III..IJU: IPI "~' _.'

,

I~, tamed_cbi, te

2:" 'kaiaba, DO 'IIi,. to 3~ 'lUton, de

,.-, _1_-aIU

'&,,:=11..._'

'£U'iUI,tet8IU,

last, m1oft,th

(:sUbject 'marker" particle)

N-- -'~....Il4r\O'lOA ~:~ ... JjJt4 Alii l~-IL ~

blmodaeIK

- - - - --

f- i dnett I,

'bus,

L Tamdca: K,o gitlk6 :_ ikim_u, ka,

TaD:_ 'ai 'Y'iJbillkyo:ka iii ,DID ,ikimll8U ,kB>Ii

Ri~Ibo=, I'je, y6bb1~,c"k,u :ai " Udm&sea,~

T.'·: -,~In ---'3-.'_"'-;:,,' ""~.:_- ,A ........ y': IOU' ani,i"'IHfJ" '''-''i'i" "'''"-6 hi:· ~'nl'll .. , ,;L,,__..;I,gy:?

A-U-Ai:t n.lc~, " ~ _J 'D-'-~ LUI Il-U,"" .'-lii. ··A. UJlU!Q '.

:Secretary: Yes:" [am ..

alM- -HR--iT -0- ·,j'A',T ~'U'- ,'I%"~, :5" _7i"

~,rUl i~,I~~ .•. ~ ....

T- -"ka~

'!:III'I'II.!li. :. '. '" ca&!IU'_-:. _II!!I'

Wi'l~' '.':: I" .... ".' ,jj,'L, , .. ·--iIi A'ffYi;i"!i1lCli ,"ft~)

11 "on ,go 1i.0 UI~e POI,!!. yo ), ..... 'W, u..nJI,

Sarlllisa:

Kono d,ODIU W8 'TokyO E:i ni ikim88U It -~ 'Iie~, :ikimaseD.

:0000 ,deft •• , .. ikimaau :ka,.

., _, oil d h da ,:-III",,::_Ii1i,n'-

,.n.uO ;aGl ' . ,eua .8 ._. llIUII:l.lMtUl.,

,n...__~J,o __ 'Dftl.·'I!Ii ...... Ijj' UII.U\II;U, u' _' . ""it;

'Smith':' 'Does; this train go to Toky'o S:tation?

Man: No I' it doesn't ..

Sm:itb: 'Wh,.c'h train ICles there?

Mall: 'That blue train over there does,

oto,ke DO bito o~oklQ

maD

mai_n~ male

I Read, tbis Jesson's [opening d'ialogu,e a,old answer the foll'Dwi.'ng questions,~

1." H.".,.h i-I lID, wa VaaJc.a :0,0 ;sb,isb,B 01 :iki'm,as,u 'ka, ,Ky,6to 0,0 sh'isba ni,

Udm- CIiHDi,U':' U· .. '. ' .. aQ- ." -.~

2~ HaY,Rald-su. wa dare to Kyoto D,D s,b'ish.a :ni ikimaa:u ka, ,3~, H.".' •. III-.8'0 wa its'iII T,ok,yo oi kaerimasu 'ka~,

',-', n' '-'1'1 ='I""~m' ~ " ·1·jaU· 'ks .. -

.' ~ _' 1AI__:__:_:_,gQ.l. _. __ ._ ~"II!!II

Ha- - '!iil-. k'- Ii' "'ik-'l ·iiI

I,~ ;".1 ~ D BI" ~'.'i'!ft a ~s',a-' - ..

p ...... _ Mcll,n .. , .. _.

(

'Ii 01,·1 m- _. 0' - ':1''!''::-:-5- 'U U· 1 . '-

,. "'. IIUillJiil; ,.: . . '._, I ...

I'i." yihinkyok.u Bi 'VIa :ikimu.en'j

2~·· " (.' .. ' ) N' 'ib'-' - _. _.!i; 'k- -- iii _. 'b- @it··· 'k-

ii' ',00' " ,IIDSS I 'R __ B .•

K_yon,eu k\imBsbita,~

,3,~ f' ), ai. ikimashita ka,

'Klik,o ni iklma.llita~,

.( ,J tu :ikim_uh'i,ta, ka,

'Hito,r,i, die 'ikimashita~,

III Put the app~pria,te particles in the parentheses, €lf a particle is, not required, put an X in, the parentheses.)

i. Tanaka-su. wa asbita ( ) O,saka t ) i'kim8SUJ.~

,2,~ y BmBldB .• I 8_D, wa ka'i.ba :00 'Illto, I( ) 'ktikol ( ), i'k'lmal:bJita,~

3., TaDaka:~aD I{ ) itaM, C ) Osaka kara kaerim as u, kat.

4~, To:mtMlachi w.,_:_.e'D;~_hii :·_it.or,i, ( :, ,Am.erika a.-i, kaerimashita.

5 .a, 'h i ' 'Il':_- ( ). ik' II>

,_~, Alita ,&~'6t •• '. ' •. :clm .... ,

[0.: k.' Bi (, ') ikii i~-~~U ka.

He, Osak,8 ni ( J iki'masea.

[6* Dare II , kimashi,ta ka,

y'amada-sa .-. .,. ldm.u: - j,ta,.

". r - ------~ - - - --

IV T'raJls'Jate into Japanese,

I. Excuse me, does this 'bus go toTokyo Station'?

:2,,~ ,M:'r I Tanaka, 'we: ·~t to Osaka yes'terilay wi't_·_. a, person from 'h:ia companv t And .- i e , wil "11 r et 'I ur ,: rn to T' '0" ·'k' '~'y'. 0" the d [~y .. ,: after tom err ro w: ,.

; _'" ".II II! .. ,!IA.r.r ,.-.~ :..<~ _.'~ .. -'-"'I . :- __ .t;;. ..:'.'.' ilJl.Jl~~. " .. .>_. ,",_ .. ,-_ .L··, f!!

'- ',.

'3,. :M'r, Sm1tb, came tOI Japan, alone last ylear;;

,4" Wh,o we:n:t to 't'be a'irport?

M'r~ Tanaka's secretary went ..

QUIZ 59

L'E' ,. "8'·'1'8'·':·'0'" :""N-'J

_' ~." ': ._,c:.'.': ,', "', i

"G,',:,O" ':'; N:·'·' ',6"','" B, "", ,y"',,,:," 'T' ""AX':, ,::,'1,

',' ',- '" ..... .:.........:. -'_ ..... " ", ", ' ,', ~~'- ',' :

---- - ------------ --_ -- ._. ----

- - -- -- --_- - - --

Mr S'-- ~;t'"h', VI,,:,iI',a,['·'''''.nr Mr',: ':,- Tan ,,,,, .,,11, ... , 0""0' S·:·'UD": d"a:'y~"

, ._ •.• ' " ", ,10.1 lLa' '. ',.' .,', _1",'&,., " ", '. ,""" ',.' "~,'.

J: l

\

l \ ,'Iii. L" \ ,±' L .r.~

\i ,~, """l'. ~'."~ , l:_ [0

.., ~ ....,. '" L ':)~. \. 'IL'I '~~'

A '" ,.,1"\ .. , "if~ " ,'tA, ,I C

~ t,,,, ~" ': ",'_":,,,II!'; ,Z,'"

l'l:' .' lJ !F L... I ~

.J " ,-:;, '~" -"!,-:' ._ ~' L 01;.., 'oJ."\,

A '" .... ~ ".' r;_" '0

~ ,t, L t:., ,()

1:. _... I; 't'" ... 1:."'.

'7 ('", '\... ,: ", '1:- ' '

. =. ' .. -.' :~': - iii :'- :: '::'"

,.., ,. .J.,,\ ~I + .-(' +~~ ~ , , ,,., lJ ' ~ '..", I,';,.. ';"", \' ' 0,

II~: :. -r ~ I. JI ~ f' ~ ._., '1~' '1'It 1 ~ .C1 n ,;: ~ ~,~ +!. ~I'" ,~,~, t . "r' ";1 e.t:

.A "'"'"-i, .A, '- N ~oL. ~ di.." " U"", _, /' /' ,,- " I~,. 1I ...... , N 'of;.l I '''? ~ ,

~tLt:'

" \ -"'" ,-

" ., ,,--, ,~:. ,_>.' ._, 0'

T,IIDaka: Sumi.U· .... :, :yoku iraashlimaBh:";',~_,., S'woi'lu: KoDDicb:iwa.,

Ta'.a'ka: DiztJ oba.iri ,_ ~aduai,.,

'Sumi •• : ShibJ,u_,-:~ :Ihimaaa.

'Taaaka: Dko koelJira eo. Baau de kim.abita Ita. Sumlalli: lie, taku!lIi, de' k'·'-~ " Sb'-'ig,.

k n£.__ 1 _,1,.. t' d ..

Ta,na; , ;8: .LAMU o e " <u '. !asat~

S'IIDD.IIU: AriIa'i16 :'~'bza;maau'll

Tanaka:: Mr,!! ,Smith. bow niee lof ,UU, 1'0 cor " '.'

Smith:: H,eUo,.

Tanaka:

S- rm'!;'i'L,. ~! 'UIJ!I

T'~_'''''':,111 ....... , .. !!I .I_'I!

S,mitil:

'T,auaka. Smith.:

Do~ m''''' ~I.I.._. -'_ ~

Ma" l?i

,"

Th'is 'way~ pt_uc. Did you [come by' bUI~'

1Iio.fl)' ~I' ~_~

lII.:..,~Oill . came ur;, '[~l, ..

Do" 9l·'~t" d· 0", "wo· '

_ .'. I"' .' " _ 'Ill

'~'_",,_.-:-:''l .. ''- y:-:,fi'l1i[ [I, I,!LiIIUL. _:.' v.u~

- ''ILl.... S: ,,:"' ",Il." . ,. - . ',- t' +" ''1...11'_ 'T' " ' , .... 1 .. _ it,iI!io house b "'y' ' ......... -1· 00-' :s~ .. ,,._,Ain[y:-:

• ,,"YU .• , . ;mlu .• WeD, ' 10/0 J..DI ~ ,. aotl.llMl ''''I ' '~ ~",' ~~,_, ,.WILU\a,_1;

£In uu

H:cw nice of' 'ylou to, eome, ('Ii'tl' "'We\tcome!'~)

w'ell

came:

come €poli,te word for k,uru)

'.~~, " irB-,_lL.aiDJuhita ,J'UftU ~ __ IRIII, .. -"

70ku

Do ,come in", enter

.... ' 'I' (I' f'~:,..I1 I'''U' d~' ,~¥.a:y , ~:'::' ,:m ,a~;EiIiU I" .'. I. ,'S~

turbing' you.)

this way

tide direction b,' (parti.CIe)1 taxi,

Please hav,e: a :se.a,ti' (lit! "Please ,sit .down,,, J. ')

;sit

on (partiicle)

_aid ku:'" I i

lIa'irim asa, (liaku)

8bi" '. c' 'Ii'

"'BIillIiII_I' ,-, I ·,;I' .... ! .. DII .. , L1f ... ~ ~' _ . ~1MU1M

'k·~' ... I_, e . .,..~!. ,"".

k· .' ill

, ocbir,a

de' ,tak.'"

.'

:DI

NO"'- TEL: 'S""

__ . ~ .. 11 ':

I, :'S""b"t' - .. I'Ll' "

,.' ,::.' J: .•. !lurel S •. mas ...

Ii II May I~, t:. (lit~ "I'll ee so bold as to do so, "l

'Shi····'·, ·'II't'·· ," tia~ "1'1'1 .. " ",., d'''' '," .. ;,! -. d'··· ,-'. d h .'. te ,.". . . h '." ,'. ' .

.... :a·1I~-'I~Ic:e··n·· ," y .. means ruoeness an isusee OJ' en en ienna a "'ouse'· se or

'~ -'-.B .... ~··~·:._·_·_-_~~).~.· I .~.a~ .~.~.,:...~. ,",_._ .::: ... ...:,_.~ _'_-ro'," ft" ~ .I._ ., ~,"."~-:-" ... ", ",·., __ "_~ .. ,aJ

~ -, f:' t f- I '!II Ii! tb' '·ddl) f th 'II, d

'room, passmg' m j~OD'~, 0, someone, ,I saVIni' 'm ;~l2e ml.'~! ie o· a ,gal_l:_i_enng ID __I_, so'

'OD,~ in other words, w ien craliting some sort of d,'isturbance B'nd im,terruptiDg'the

I ta W' ..... 50-:-" '. . '-." "'1' .. '"'I'C' . 'f" . ... 'f: ,lilli, · ...... _..JI b ., .';'!I! ste 'd' f' - .. i'"' .... ..

S~·' rus qU,O;o_·'.me: peop',iJ.e: use '1.1, as a ,arm 0_' ,guuu,- ,y,e~!I mstea .. 0' .yOBan,

. h-' .. 1 ..... ,_", ~Ii, ':, hl;-. " .. -, "'1 -' "~'. - - ".

w,_,en u:'<it,nD,g la, neuse or room. "

2~ :Basu de ki"m,aabita ka,

',. ',~ie particle, de follow's, " __ ouns to express 'mean:s, £1., bas. de " (travel) ~i'by bus"

pell ,de., (write) '·with. pe '. ,'II

N,<t,- ,0. ,~~:o [:-::; (~peiak) "in ) apanese:"''',

I"'-'yah' . 0·:0 d" e OIJ"s.'··teu'· - ') uW1'~tb earp iones"

" l 1 , " I I .• I " ' I ", " - I J ' : .• I . - .. ' ' ~ . -, . - [ ~

" ,\.'.__: ," ,'.~ .' . .: n ':,'-: ... ' . " .' "," , ,"'.'.' , .. " '. ,'. ', ...

L.!"'na"'!,-, d'!,' e "send! ,). U'~IIJI" aea mail.u

J:U-_:U_ ,,\,_, _', . '.' 'Y:J' ,. --_ .. ,

3,. Nie~y6bi, ni ,.- ~~,- . . hila I

Specific expressions of time take 'j' be partid.e ai, as in the following:: ,5-;11 'nil) "at 5 o'clock'"

dn-'y":-g'·:·bj'_'·' ni:_ IIl~O"D" S~ a-'h'iiJ,;wi!..:I,alv~i'

[. ~"~"",.:.' _'" l~l 1"'1_1 "'~'"-'_)LW'UU1ll"

'1- 2" . '. bil <II . • ,U ",,:L 12th' U

... ' diiDl£;:, 01,. .~ 'IDO, ':LUe, . " > . : " , ...

'l,.~",:··.~" 'e '. ai, lUlu, :l960Iu

NOTES 61.

.II N:~-'~"_"-.'. d. ,- "how"

... .. DIIIJ,u.... ._~"I . ,

IS. ';.:' aD, ,de lki·ma.su k:~·. ""H.ow will you go'?'~'~

'BaBII, de Iki'm •• u, "I'll go' by bus,"

An lexceprtiOD to thj" pattern is arulte ikim,,,u:t "I'll walk."

PRA.CTICE,

It KlIri~:k'II,""D, wa 5-,·JBta,u, l8~B·C·hi o·i, Kaaada, kara 'Nl'oD a1 kimashi"a" 2i' Kiur"'ku4&n 'WH, rainen dO a.,wn ai, Kanada, D:iJ. kae·rimas,u .. ,

3., W,ataa,bi wa e1lik:a:tetsu de· k isba ai ikim.,u.

I,., :M.r. Clark came tOI Japan on. M.ay ]18 :fr:om. Ca'nada,~

2" Mr'" IC·a.rk will. go. baCk to 'Canada in Ma'rc'h of ne't 'Yea .. r, ,3 .. , I go to the office by' subway"

K-- !I'O'II... un .. u.

C1Jark, Canada

• i,. _ •. _." ."_.u,

'K .....

,_'·808.8

I Practice 'the following pattern, bly' changing the underlined part as in the 'exam.p:le ,given .. ,

iiJi!W" H" A' ... a~"--.iiI!I,a_ '~a· . ~.d'a40ftU ,1IQ_ ..... .!l,~Lli·

~:il I. ·u·n'IIti.I~~ m-l 1[J~u:t ,,_:~~

'm'l IS-_,hi IIi

2. 1980 :DID. Di.

3. leD! ;'1 :i ,DO mok,II,.y,6bi I" I:

4", -DietSUl

5. oltool

6'1 seo_slh 11

'1'1 M' ·.'II1111iii-:-t'e d"':~llomllas h"" cha nrrl~nla th'I'··a underlined --··8· .. · ", as" in , ... L'e·· exam'" ". p"'le':"s" ,m;wj'en'

, -e 1, • ..' ..• _;iIA!,_::-:: ~:_iU:I ; ~eJ...I~. : ',', ~L~ ~_.:.' e'.. " ~~ _J~. _ ~,&, Y;II.'!IIiii. ,1 __ 1 ".,:', ~,; u,r,,_: ', .. I. ". ,' .. ,e,~'Y" "

A,. B,. Q: 'R.ow.ltu lID. ·~-.I't8u Nihoa Di k;imallII, ka ..

A: 5·[" _tl'al l":Die~~ :D'i kl·~·-.I" it

1., Ie -a,·:,olbi,

2~ :ralii-'h1l DO •• yibi 3~ railets. :00 l~aicbi,

.f. Wi't!lt;n:e,.g no' ". '(ft' ~a.\~u .. ~ ,IIIU.U. _ . , '\J!!!!!,~JI.O "

8.. e&, Q:, 'T;8Da'~5aD wa. naa de ac·hi. rd, kaerimasbita :ka.

A,: K" 1'U'dl8 de kac,rimasldta ..

I. tak'ushi

62 LESSON"

,2., 'bu,y

3. deasB,-.

C'j es: Q:: H-:,.8b'~,~18D 'W. 'Da'Il·'JJ,e ~. Di 19irisu nl ikimashlta 'Ita.

A: 1981·:~ ,en ,- i :ikil ,'sbi,ta.

1., 1975~·Detl

2,. l.982;~ReD

D,~ ,61,~ Q: D:~_.'r'e ii, :k,yo 'Kyoto DO '~b,i'~'~ a. i ikimsB'lI 'ka..

L T,aoa'kB-:l8ft ,2,~, S milu,-IIID

'RD' ''ii'iliNliI !t' '10'-"

: _ l r.

I~Dea -nen

at" ,,_J:

O'ILV,I

'Wh"te

(tbe: 'Y1ear) 1.9801

year' (See: Ap:pendix 'K~) the day' before 'ye.sterday'

iaisJl'y, raigebJ,u, Ran ,-_e:

D8D~DeD

nex ··~t week

__ ~. n':~J,

next month

. " '. - ':; "., \ :' <. .~ I ._. " "

SHOR,T DIALOGUE-~""'_--"""""""'--"""""""'---_""""""------~

'TaDl ka: ,Ku.riku·su wa, i'tau . ~'. "ihoo Di, 'klmashita Ica .. , :Karik,1I: :K.yODeIt DO s-gata1u l8-aicbi :m kim8llhita .. Ta:naka:: 'Kyoto :oi ik;_im.:bI:ta kai.

'l{urikll:, £e, •• Bsku :S'hin'kaasen Ide ildm_hita .. :Kin-yobi, iii Tokyo, iii, kaerilD.89~~:ta.

T ,~,.\'li!'a:: all.~A __ .

'Cla'(k'; T'anaka:

C-)'lar· '·~k, ;,

, '.' ',iIi

'Wh-~-", e '0 d'ld 'y.' \nfl,'!! '~m~ e 'to l~!I!iIi·"pa-:,n"'?

. ._ -_" _'__ . vy ~. -_.,~ _ '_ Rio.

- -

I came on May 18 last year'!.

D'~id'~ '~'iil a.o-' '''''D~ K,\v'o· ......... )

~II ._ :.'. YI" ,e' L!. 1 __ _:~' :: 1Ir.U.

SII'.kIDHD, Shinkansen,; 'New Trunk Line

QUI"'C"Z'

,', .' .... ,.': ...

I R" ead th'-'rl~~ '1Ie·~·c!'Ii!!!Jo-!I"iiII'C!! 0" p""6n:"I'iing'" : ,d-'::';po'"'O"IMI';!i!I and .. ,~ answer the fo ":',I-'-o.;-··'1'1;m;;mli' 'g~" q' uestion a

, "~,,, ,,~,~~) I, ~" ~IID,', ~'_, __ , __ ,.,' ,,_,II1J;"lD~ A-_ ~. qa,a.aJI,'~' _;.__:_l L_,I.:_'.I __ .'"1 I"', <_,~"_.' ,', ,gil!

L Dare p T'aDaka~an '0,0 'a,chi D'i ikimulh:ita ka, 2:~

31

:Su'mi8U~saD, wa its. Ta'D8ka-saa DO aeh'i, nl ikimuhita, ka,

S-·,,"· '!II," . .'. T-' "ak'"-' b·IIi .. ~ d-'·," '-h'" d' ik' 'it .. ·"'b"ta·· 'ka

U'm' '.;GU·· il!!!ii£i!ll'II'I' ~.'nl ' :8,' __ 13io1D I!:IJ O' O' U,c· '11 'I I . e' ·n. 'a all' I "'IDl" .,a!, .. I' I',' ' :.' ..

_.~ - -. ·LiEW, ,~ ... _ .. I"'. _ ,.~.. -.:_ ". _. ".: -' . , _' .. :....-.a. J ", • '''lIP ' ~'~ _D, 1. , " .. l • ' •• , 1111

,4~ S'u.jag-sau \Va T,1III8ka'~D, no Dehi. Di aan de :ikimasilita ,0.

QVII 63;

n: lComp-lete' the ,qu'- ---esti,Olls, so that they~"-: fit the ·answerS'ii'

• • • - - ,..' - - - ., . _,' • • - • • •• _.. ~". I . . . . . •• .• _ •

i. Nicbi.y6bi ai. «

-I-o,modachi : · ,0 g,Cbt oi. iIdm!:~· . ita,.

,2 .. Tanaka ... wa ( ., KyO·tID karl" kaeri'masbi:ta ka,

SeD,'i, D,O' do y'~bi, ni kaerima'h'il.--' I,

.3,.. K.II'ri.ku-sao wa I( ) nit Osaka ai ik-im.asu ka •.

,a~ ",,!Iii • ik- - ..

. a-me .... ,Dl' "71m~ __ -. :,u.

« ) de ikimas •. ka,

Sh:·' I~"D: ea. de :ildmal;'--.,

(. )1 te ikimaau ka ..

, ,- -i"',-~i d· e" !Iii; - ,·,"',;jj!lillliili!IU-'.-- Iii. .,~ - , .: _ '. _', '-I: .•. ACIia! II

Dl Pat, the appropriate: particias ill the :p'ar,e: ·tbe.ses,~ ,(If a particle is not req:ai·re.d" put, an X. in the parentheses .. )

lI!:iilI' ... ~;a 1'- ID-'m,'·'·h· -I· I I.,-_.. .. ' .. - .. ,_,Ia-,1 "_',' , . ,

-IV-',---C AJnnv; lth tb ~ - ~ II' J-----'

" '! r --.-.---:-,. ;'·e··r· WI· ,if : ';e--' a···npr-- --,o-:-p'- nate ,e-'-xp"--'II"\iI!:Iii,£!i;lIJ!'itJo"os" '!IID'- ~'pan---:-I---e-"e!ia

. " "'__:_~-_~)'_'.' ,_'.'" ',.". '_ __,", . .:.-It'' J ',0,1.. r'. " ":-_-_, :;._.,.~&,.' , .. ,.~ .. I [' ,I,' '~I!'

, H" .. -.; __ - .-': .'-.-- - . ,'- --'~': -- -. -. ---':"_-" 'OB' :---~-'-' -.',. ~, . the d.' _.:t:I, .,

,"I ",.0 __ , ·~oes ODe •. 1Il'~~ a, -. rson ·,"e mee·I.S' (I , ae 8: J,m'e,.,

2- Whal'~t- dee es ODe sa",y-- 1'0'" a guest who- 1Iro_~1"" just aniv-·ed-·-";'"

_ ••. ' "'", • ,,-:' ._'~I ,:"_','J_ ,- .. ·'1_' ,'-, !":.,,'j-]"" .' · .•.• ·'c- .lId.ZJi ._- ',-, -,' ··.,· ..... _'.'.1

13': H'-~'-: -,--AaC!!i' ODa ' u, - -:;-' ~ha-:- --'~'r' t -, :--'-A-m-." '",:, ~ _ ,.~IOW '. _' ~a ,'~~~; O!l,I,er a ',,",,--, __ ' J. '~JO a, gu~l.~

V Tnmslate into Ja:panese,t 1,. Please. come this way Ii ,2,~ Do COIDe: iD~

,3~ Mr" Tan aka- 'weat, home yesterday 'by taxi,

A U-'---lii!,aa U:R.,·I'~te-· '1:"S--' ."-0' ,il'ft18' ""0' '-th-a n..... •. :L .. branch oft:-: "-1~ic-'e on'- - Frida ,--;-v

['*. ~_:~~r~ ·"D_._.~I ._: ,~.r ... ~l LJ~· _- _ _t~ VZIiIIIJI ··,.,~I~·_I., ... ~_=~,~.-:_ '_,' __ ', :__ ,~,_J __ '_~I~'1

"::..41 'I' ~;n'IIIi.'I' '17 .,.. I~~" Ii"

LESSON

"L"~ t':', ~ 'h' - a-:-:-'e" a-::- '11-:--';-:- 'Ik'~ a t M-":' ',- T' ~: i" a ':' .--:- 'a h '0" "g' se

,___:__,e, , II", , :Y", ,,',,' ,~,~,_,:" :, ',,, ,_r" __:,' _ __ '~,_ £111", J ~ ~__:'!il

\ \ -t ~' T ---- "7 llt J(> L A., ,~i: Iv ~ f.1 ~~ tJ~

... .,., f' .....

11 %.."/ '

. ", ~

. " .. _, .. _

.. __:~ I ~ j .J..( , '\ ~ +

,n" ",,-NT" \'cL:'o

f ... i-. ,f - +;.. 'ri" ~" ~ .J, 'v

_ ~ ~ }' t ~ I:" ~ 'I ", IIV ~

,~ .. tL t \ \ ,t -tt .(.; 10

'm' a all' I!I!SU' iva t'eiiiii'.-- "r'. va '" - 'b-l II, I.a, _"';;"," _ T--e~b- '1'i11""" , "mi!' ..... L,:=-'b" D 1-'0 t..,,_,, __ 'I' I : ,', "_:"~' i - I,:_ ,,'U ,I! , ,~" : ,ere" I! p, ..... ,u..a.u,.. "~: ~,,,, I .. 0,0 u.e • ". I.UluD _II -' , ", ~> u.a:u.a

II GD.,lI .. 'Ima, ,Bi T'aDaka,48lJ, DO o-~,ua8J1 p imasa,. Niwa, Di 'TaD'ka-sa'D ,to

0--, ,t', 0:- k":o'" 'no" k"O' Ida ilma-u D' ;il!Iii;d,: D'" 'k'""G" !111ft m"'" dar'" ee -"0 l~'masAft

',-, " ,,~, " ,'" ,I,r' ~~i3I' ,,~, _c ... ' " .. !L'u " ,', _ ~~ _ _,'",,' D.Ii"" '~d:~.

-I "I 'LJII'U" 'U-

W L..Jw - [iiii"iiiiJl ",

~ ~'''' "Ito.

iI!li1i Ii !I ~j

.....

• '. j

65

,

,

\"t ,.:

\ ,,-t'

'~' 7'-7)111

,+-: ~'~I ~..&- (,:~ "L, )."' " ,. ~, .:. ~ ~ '.,

I"' '.

:I,Vlni room

in (particle)

chair

and (etc.) '(particfe) table

are (tor ina'nimate: thing,s)

DI

II!

IS8

J8

'_ebara,

&rimaslu (,am'

,.r:, .j't " v'ijII - '~ I' :\1 ',,-, '- ?

t:.- . 'it' t- 'I t,.(t' A.J~'

'"'", ,',' - ','~'._ -, __ ,-_ c':_

, ."., - _I '..- - _ ',-':: ~,,_:__ ,,'

toOP

and ,(pa·rticle)

flower

(his) wif:e (See N'ote 2, p,. 168j') is, (for lil' i:ng 'things)

garden

L_.... (l"·· ,- Ii ~ J 1L,.,!:11Id "') ooY""t _ - 'nta e: 'C~~1.J. ,

c~hild.

kitche.n.

n'obOOy .. ~ "' is

De'

to bana,

II! C-'.)

:III'--··U': .. ' -I,ru-, '-,&Ui~ I •

.. ~ .. , \;00' -- (f)-" -

dl'"Jl L ..._. " 'J, ' ...... ,

..

. m. '

'otoko, 110 ko 'ko

daidolko1fo

L" __ ,',"-- -' 8--'-' 9:' '_'\ e, 't'- - ,-,- "",6,' '0 ,'C'_ -1- -' "'d" T'-h'"'" '(Ii 1

II! :,8008, ,:-'-, . - _£;,XlS ,ence 0.1 coop 'e an '. , ,'IDa-S,

1,- place ':N' I ft:~~n G;~A","" A"IR"'" 'A"',S'~' "'III"'M' IA",S'-U'~

[1.1 I" .• ~~'., I~·._'- [1~iUI·a 'o_·. I, •. _1! I _.' ,I ,., [ .. '

2. noun WA place: HI A'RIKA·,:UJJMAS:U 3~ place N.I ,':_- nOIDD GA AlUMASIV:I'.M:ASU'

.' Particle ,IB" S,_,bj'ect marker ..

W:b.en. ;3 subject 'is introduced 'for' the firsttime, or when the speaker believes 'the: information te be: new 'to the lislten,er;'1 the sub~je(:t marker ga, is used after the noun

6%. Ba.'. ga ki_~1 ~1"U,. "The I ,'-US, is comim :;'ii' U

Ktn:~ 'Yamada-saD ,~_ ,:'I~:~, .", '1Ibi'ta., 'U;Mr~ 'y'amada call Ire y:esteJf'day~U'

G ~ al d' h the bi t Ii 1- · t'th' ,j, rd '1':1,..,

, a IS, a SO, llStt~. wnen tne IU)JeC:, 1-9 'U'ntUiOWD1, i.e., 'Wl;'~,~ ques,tlon WO.S .JJJJie'

"who' and Hwb,a't .• " (See Note 4, below .. )

LJIfli 'D"'."'re·-' ,1Ia ki-----.'''m'-;Ia'.'' hi:.-oIi·ta·,---::- ka---:-- !I:,r,Wh~',---,7-, '0' .f.'!i,iI!li,,'-~"·iJ

~;iJ ,',-, _;', _ 1!!IiIi-' " ,I, .,~,I----,I_.- . '" , ... ,'",:_:,_ ~me ..

I.:!:~: 'L' 'D'Ci,SQ'" --N d!

QUI ~.: ~1i:J .~ . .' .I.: ",. Ur

'Ga is, used, similarly in, the reply;o

- a ' a;hl'I'~aAD'" d'a k ; ..... ,!liL,!.ta" uMr.· H" 'aya' .... :11:....: "~'m'a lUi

£1',. , _'-'_.U".' l~ .. ,._ .• .ta.u~Dl_.~·. ':'c...:~""" 1:.:>"bID,'~ 'Il!i;jt'

G- I' Iii! II>

• II "wa,BI--+Dl 'wa,

Fo~~: a neutral desc,ript'!,ou, the folIo'" .~ I g 'pattern is used I'

ex. Ik'kai, D'i resutol'aa.la arlmasu, "There is, a restaurant 'on the. first floor + "t 'When, "OU 'want to ttd'k about the restaurant, "the reltaurant~' becomes, the topic,

S!IiF' R.le:,i£II.'u.,t',-o'·'-' " W:BI;'IJ''!'':ka''ri: 01' iIIa'r';lftJ'l1aaU "Tbe restaur ant is O'·"'D' the f'·:l' .. st floor."

~.. ..~ _.u " ': '. '.' . ~'." _ ' .• '.'~:__.: - ',' -. 1E&U_.:._"l_.. .' _ .. ::_. _ .:.... .. ~ ".'u. - ' .... :: _::_I\, II _' '_:...... . l alii!:l!~l :__:._.:.. ~1I1!ll

WbeD you want tOI talk about what is on the first floor t "on the first floor" becom DO th 'e"'" top ~~

,_ "',,·_.l:j J~ _ L.'.=, -i'-",', ,I~j.l

ex" Ikk-"i nl wa ·r,esu'toram. ,ga, arimB'I1I. "On the firs'--' floor', there is a

re ta .' -ran·~· t ;; 91 . ~:_U :::: ' -t

• V,er]bl " desUt

Wben the verb is understood, ,deau so,metim,t!s, takes its place at the end [of the sentence. In 'Lesson 6 ,:e: see: the sentence, ""Sb,uteho ,d,esu, ka?" and d.elu 'here is used. in place of s~h_j-maB'U"

.D.1tf T' I'e,:,'~b"', i~ 'SUI •. ·. d-, :o~'k'''''o'': 'ft';1 &: 'nma,·iIi ':-',', .ala. ka HWb" ,--L,e,.:re ,;i. th' ae TV s:'e,~.t':?'"

~i r __ ,.~. 1ft· . . . 11&11. __ .D' J __ ._ .41 . I _',' . ,liiJ _ r.. iI.

Tle'lburg D.O ue ,den. (for' Tehan. DID .e ai, arimaSlI,.) "It's on the table, U

If it is Bot certain, w'heth,er 'there is a TV Of' not, d'"g cannot be' su:bst-:'tuted and arim.su 'must: 'be repeat ed to 'make the meaning' elea , ;p

DtIItF" 'T' A,b':liIIiill·:U·' D",O'" U· D:"I' tere b-·,:il I"., ' ar'·I!!:'--I'.'1l ka "Is t he "It'!S a T' 'v: set oa the t:a~1.!)-ei'~t

~il . ~'. -}~ ~_ • ', ...• I,. I(~ r. " I .il. I .. ·. ,_r ::;',, __ r. '_' _ ..... _::.... _ , __ " :~.I!I! '_@ _" __ ._''=''~ g::_ ,_:. _" .. f __ . I _ _:_~ .', .,LJ, ,._'l!!!!'

Hai, arimaluj/H.>t" terebi p ;arinlBliU. "Yes, there is,~1Y es, there is ,a, T'V

set U

~·.t@1

In this case, one may Dot say:. Rai, teflebi, de' "g,.I.·, a'i, teburu DOl ue ,deBu.,

NO"" ':'T' 'E' 'S-::.:

.. ".,. .-' "-.':

2~, Tib'uru, DO 'o,e D'i Ishimbrm to 'ba'aa ,la-lrimaluJ.

'Th' -:-~ e' .. ·· 'P':~ article ·t' o~· is u'~e'" 'd:. '£'01'1'" "an ., d iii'!!! wh an'" th . e': e' 'Xl' '-I~""ftftC' e of n 0'''' 'the "; 'It no' O' 'f n 0- bod 'yo a:' I"" ,ft.

L _ .. ::_-, ,::'" I.'. ,~I,., ~',:, '.,":' ",I'll ,',':" ,' .. 1"" ,_',_,,:,··,!:]'L&IIi,lIf·"··: '.' "[,,,: ,,:' as"': 'e-! .',' ". ~.G:.M:

is im aplied F·, "_'Q"m' the ",'. J-:--a" ftgjl'''I,a-' ~e·"'n··'te'n·' ,". o;"t is lear ,_ tha t' th e re ~,. '" oth ~ng" n,- t","h' '-',

o L, _, ;<11:.:', Ii, , • .I ," I " 11..' " _ "~~'!;iii'& - il!I:' _.~. ,ce], I. l C,.·~ _ I t- " ti,.,',_:.: :LS no· ,)_ J, [un " .. e,

tab'll be"- sid .... t'b" ", - - . -- .... '" d': tho £I: . N" "., --t" th t .... nlik , Ii ad !iI; '00' th .,

IIJle eesmes tne newspaper an me ,·"QWe:fS .. rsote .1.'8,1. 'lDU se ana,: '_;".' I '~O

~ and 'Va are 'used onlv 'to connect nouns Tbev cannot 'be DSAd tin. connect verbs [or'

'_ '. ~ I _ --,:,. __ , ._. ' ',_, .•.... ,I." ," __ • _;,' _,_ I --. ' .. ''____: . ._:_ __ ; -! ..... ..:..:. ,.1' r' I~ ..... ..__;:......::......:_._, .....:. • .1_., • _ . __ " '.~ _:___:: _U _".:_ t' ·JjHI;~~. . .. ' -:, ._:." ,

claus/eli,

3,', 'D-'I.·, re m·.·, ,0, ,111.1 -I-·.·.G,·e-;:···--, .

"~I ' '.' '. ,' .. .'EII .• ,

Dare, "who," c:Qmbine:s m,th 'the particle mo to 'mean, "nobody' 'w])en. followed ~Y' a verb with the' n,elati've ,ending -maleBl :S'~.mnlrly; D_ni :mo:. "nothing,' t, and do ',::0' ni mo, "nowhere," take the negative verb, ending -masen,

e1 Dare ,mo, ki'maaen de8hitai!. ~iN'D,bod,y' eame,"

'Taa.k.~8B.D wa .shita d,oko' ai. ma iikim.a&eD,ii '~'iMr" 'Tanaka is not going anvwh .,..... ""0-' .- 0' rr--- 0'" W" n

..:I'I'Y.' . ~iI'IiO.'· lJ· :m .. )-,. t ;;,

Ai I ':-'.,ft,11 Ida,

~iJ ':'~aH

'L-' ·'!·k·· a 'd' are "~I "who" (se "e'" N'.." ote 5'," p'.' 5'~'5~').'" D'8: 'lIl,iII! tIi~_~,~:t-,:Ii:t 1i!iC!!!~ never l..o",'D'n"cne·"d'" 'b""V' tbe

_I ,' .... ' ,."", " , ' I, ,'_::_' '~', ,U~.:..'" , .' I ! .. ;1 .,',' ,.w.lIJ1a! 'if. 'ii;1II 1Ui.~ 'I'~. .!II"I '- ,Y'I'I' ," , " ," 3' -", ,

topic 'maker WB, It :alwa:ys takes, 'the sUlb,~ect m.arke:r'la,.

I, DO' ", -,," .' '·":1' da- -"nm"" "'aau "ke' f[IWh'''''' I,at ,'it!! there on- - the C· 'ba-'Ii'r""

ra:~ SU. '--,._; ~ 'ue DI ~ _ Jr."':: " ,5 .. a~:, : : -: , Dr, ,:"_. ~ , "', 11- ~ 'w :.1 ~:.~ ._:. ~ I Ul, ,:~~,J! .•

Rlon , a a ri~III.!I' . ., ':"There 'ls, a boo'k~ :';f

'KE-'~I[~~ 'S:'E'.·,N,~·I·E;~:'[,· C::~·S·~ --~~--~~-~-~--~~-~

____ f a I ., ' ., "~' ~_

I, :lkkai nl :ima ga ari:maBU,.

2- Ha'-:-'Ik' .'0: n--' 0,'" &':,'., "kl·8: '0' '1:1' k"'lij't"te' /,' ·'0" ha,,-d,'" /·-:-.''Ir''--11j aa" a:, nl'ma'_-'-:-18"U"

ill • l " • __ , _:., • J"~ I I,' ; .' :. :_.:_', _"_~' ...... ', II.:}.,'.' I . ,~" ' 1Ii~ ~ " ',- i ! _ _ ..... 1._ '.

~ , .

31 [Ta.D,a D,D ue d'i. shasbl0, )'iB hOD, lB. 8,rimaSUiI ,611 Mado 'DO c~b'ika'k1l oi O8D,8, 0,0 k.o I,a. : •. ID8~ •• ,5~" G" ~'e-';Dk".·an, .'~ D. ti! d:-,.'.a me "I-ma' ,D,..O'·

_. ~ . __ . [ _... _.. _-~_. ~ ~ [. . _. ~ _;_lll

I

6. T'odana. :DO mae ni nanl 'mo afiimasen.

1.. There is a Hvin,g rOC)Im, on, the: 'ftrst 'fi oer "

'2'",", Th" ".,' er ,Ie' ar~: ~~ Qtam-" '-'-I"i\iE!, and p~:I+'''''"'ii.po;..I, ... , ln 'tb-' ",a, 'l,. .... i.¥'

[ .. ~. I. I [ . -.', -, [ _ ~,~ ~._ ~ _rl.'~ 't ...... Kllil' , , ... ~-·~i~'\..GJJ,I~ I: I - __ ~, llAlIA.+.

3,,, 'There are pictures. books (etc,,') on the abel€" 4,., There is a ,giirl near the w'indow' ..

5 Th" !I; '. ...........d- iii h h 1'1

':-,t, -' nere lSD' t ,anyw ~ y 'I'R tl:-e entranee ha' ~,~

6 .. , 'There i9D'~t ,anything t', fron~ o·f' the' cabinet

'ill- '1, .. _ . .1

I ' .. JUU

iI"" .'

".aI,

first. floor If' .ground ft.oor floo '. r' ItS"" .'"',,' A'"'" " -:' d:'~, ,[-), , _ "._. ~_ ee ,·ppeD '.,.tx. '.','

00- x

,." ....:_.

m,ado -Lib"- 'k' ~_~ ~u

on_OI '-A k:Oi

___ u.a. I Ul ' ••

mae

window

'near, close to

- -' 'I (I,;" "f 'A'm' , ]- -- C'hl"ld tII!,., ,glr.'''rh en I, e ci ", ,

entrance haD

ca.-biDet.

in, front 'ol, 'before

I'.k. 'nab

b.pki 'tau,

:_11, '~';bin

inside postcard :slle'Jf p'botogr,aph

d·'ok,MI,

'.----- -

,t' ',oda' .' 'n- .'

- .. . . ,

_ .. - '. - '

.

:EXE,R.CIS.ES, __ ~"""'_"""_~=-=n"""""""'_~~""""-~_"""""""' __ ~_ --~-

'I 'V- .,. "-b--"· ',1 C"M' " I . ,'. '-,-. ·t·b· .. '~11 ,.~ - - - -- -. - 'b' .. ' d th ,- '~ --, -.' ,~. "t, ,-. -'d" - -, t f - ,. -- ,-

c__ j ems: r:, emonse _~,;_.e ro ,lOWIng verna ana _I eir presen 8;D._: plUS' terms.

be'

M.D'D"'

'''-e'.

tllf.,

q//.

il

an· im' - 88il ..

I '. ," ')M

'i

anDlIl88a

Ii' 'hj't

RnlD-18, . -.'8

an"ma·· 'C!iiAD'd;-\'Mi"\ifi'

, __ ._' """', , " Ie·. _. ,._.,

im-s'u

.. .... . ...1, .......... L··'ta

IlDaaeuu~ll:

I" Practice 'th· [. e'-' ","'1110,·uftft'I·' eattem : - 'b-,iU' C-·"'!~-·~ft,i¥ "'''''"",,: U' o...l-rllm·t .. ]' .... ...:1 ''II'l'"'1o~\i!Ii 'I!J'~ in ·:'1 the e· ·xa· .... :··,· .. m· .. ,· ~

.1 " u - ·~IIW ~,_-~ ... : IWU _ "Tf [Y~~.:_·.I Ira ~. J -. !~! . }I~~ .• .g. U.1e - - DC ,II· ': CU pllll ~I ~ . j ~-:. :. -. • • _.

ples gi.ven~

A .. a~ :1 .. iii terebi III arim( __ -_'a.~

i .. ..~ ... ~ .11' 18"

,_ IIr""~ __

.2(j itJu.

3 .. de-w,.

:B,,, A IIDa oi, :',OOODlO[ III im , .. ail

- -- --- - -----

I· ·oto· :-'111 · '11" U-; 1'0'

'!Ii '. ~

2.0811'- aoko

III M,ake d'wogues, 'by ,changing the: underlined parts as in the ,examp,les. giYeD .. ,A~ ex Q: Ikka! nJ DaaI P arimasa 1m"

A': _ ~.,.~ __ , P arimasu,.

1-: (d· 1IIIio=:"iI._· ·""·0',

. ,~ ~~ ~~.

ill. I' ~ ... ' . ~~ud' .' I"·

•• ' , __ ,llh._. ._

3- .-. tear8i~ _. Ii'

Ji; "., : __ ~ .. :_ .. 1

I. i tiib:UI'1I. De, 'ae" hi_ ·bJlhimhu .

. 2:'1 ' .. ~.'D8 no 'at 8 .. 1 .~. _'~ ':. ! .:ya. [fDD

iii' N·I ; . ..11-1-,":", ,itiil 'I'~I' Jiii. k' .

_ '_,Iill _ .U'[. ~ 8M' ,-~:. _!Ii

A: iOm·.o,aok.18im __ u.

I~ ,otoko DiD : '~:o 'to Qua D,o. ko, 2., T:.naka- 1811

,D'@, a~ Q:: Dai.do.~~,Q~ ul ".re .. ilBllu!u'k '1.

C·",I£

I~, It"ka'a 2.. .. ~!ok.uclo

:E .. , ex, Q: Todaaa, DO' mae. :m, oani .. admaBU. lila.,

A•· 'N' ".- -Inl-i "AI antD[ 1-' it[ .• ;illAllliI

r !iiI I .,_., ,~_~", ~! •

.II' i ••• o 'De

2i I ... RO .bi·ta

kod·~#a'

__ . _UUiaU

shok.d.,

.' .

iOw·tearaf ,.

child.

d· ,~ ,i. :room. ·tlllng; , .. ~~_ .

Iav,atory

CTmd'itionai],y added ·to certain words te .ai·ye

.' he _. el~~~ce'l , .... it·-refix'~ - - - m _ H!i!i&·J.llII.. U' "

ii·

Da'al. 810 !!I I~ • iliiJD8HD

"i,"

~SH:O:._. DULOGUI el9

sa,ORT DIALOGUE~~ ............... ------~~-----~-

Otok~o :DO h'lito: 'Kono, bim, :oi wa Id.D.W. I" ,lIIriBUliBU ka.

OlUla, ~o Jlim:: Bait ,&rim.SD" AJlOklo, ail gk,eU . 'e g. ,.rim .. 111 :ae. ,ADO .. l'cltsuke' DO mB,t, Di arilDal!U,

Om.k'D DID '.'"'to: DOlmol _rigato,.

Man· "'-':.- i

r . .' I

. '." . I

Is there ,a tel~p'hone in this; building'?

Yes, there: ls, Th.ere'~s a reception desk ov'er there, you see? 'I ,~'s: 'in, fro,n-t olf the :reception, d':_csk~

Than'k you.

WI~rif'l"lo'iI!Iii"~: . V'lIlICUI.,

'10' ..... '11· t Jl.YI.a iii

bin asoklo, ukelaule De

b· .. - -'I'

.. , •. ill...;rmg,_, .' _. - iWIIU· ..

- -. - .

c,ver theret 'that, place (over there) 'ft!,ception ,(desk,)

'y ... - - " - Ir'~'·', nil!! . _. 'Ii' .l..,_ "",,).

• IOlll, see ~, ~ .. ,,~'!IL ~ ,', ", 'tsn t 'u,U:f'e.·' .

Q'UIZ

..

• I 11"[

:, Rea~d this lesson~s 'ope~n,ing' text and answer the following questi,ons~ I, Ia ni '--18 ii, ,8 arimas,g lIa.

21' Ti:bura, DID ue oi. DaD,'i, 11:8 arim.su ka, 3., c-ma Ili dar: ,II. 'im __ -u 'ks.,

4. Da~':-okonll ni, dare' 18 imas'. Ita.

II Co"', .'-'. -:~ - "-1-'· "'.... ,,...""- . . ' .. ,,'_:: .. ' . .' " ,c_ t· ha .. t to. 'h' 1_.... '., '6" t ,~'L -. an" ~ :sw~ - ' 'e-" --, .

, "'- .lmpl,elL:e U,ilie queSIL.lons. so .' ..... _!Iey ,~_, !We.· ,I., .. ' .. · .. ·fS ..

i. Hi",.:ru (

) CI' ~. imaS'lIl, ka, e,a ----- -. -

T'''''-,-. --.' "-II""a-.,u.,n,·· d:a I rftIi.' i.aU·· . IU:HIA! _. ~ ~ .uLI,J.aa 1.

2.. Ima iii 'e, )1 p,arimasQ ka,

Isu ya tibu.ft1, IB, a'rimasu ..

,3,. Daido'karol Di. ( ) 18 Imasu ka,

Dare, mo im,8&eD,.

,4.. Jj-.U DO 'ue' ai (.

-J' .' ka

..1 p, anmasu ! ~ .• _",

N- -'. I

_. _,au_ mo' Hrma-a ..

I'll Circle' the correct verb of the two in parentheses,

I. 'TaDa. DO ue -j sIIa.hiD 'ya hen 118 4,a:rimasu" imBlU)., 2i' Ni •• , oj T.uka-san ga Carima:8U, imasu).

3 na-· rl<d" k !Ii' d'- ('1Ii I )

. ~ ~._~I~O,1 ':'oro, DlOI ar,e' me IUIUB" I.masea·.

7: ·O.·~. L'DC!!£!\n'l.'II' jj3, ;c.a~.llg

4,.. 'Terebi. 'aiD ue ui :aani :m,Q (arimas,a, arimasea,.,

IV Pu' ,[ It th '," ,Q a nnro 'rnr,~g:t,D pa,~":rti: l'~d~' lea, m'~,i"-, th:, Q~ P' -&reD'theses,,, ,elf a nartiele is not recuired.

_ .. __ t)~ ,.-pr -rl 1tM.~. _ " ... _' '_" 11 .,~." ... . - .... _' . _ I~_ -- ... . '1IIiiF~__ _,

- - t , , 'X-::-'~'~ tb'" - -, - "'ib' I, ' '," ""

Pu - an, ~:< In ' : :: e rt~:reD ,-_feRS,,,, ,

,r--' ,

1- " I' 'a' 'ko:-:c ,', ~'

Ii . -~_" ":_. ",

2@, 'Te~bUiru I(

) oaka, (

)1 kitte (

) oIi'

,artmasu.

)-' 'b"" b (

" s -;Im_~-un :

') I (There i

:' arunasu, I" '::_«!lie I,S

) ue nl hana :(

:no't'hi'ng else there besides the flowers and the, n,ewsipapers~)i

,3. H.klo DO, :oa'ka ni 'halBki ( )l 'kit,-" ',C , ,ar,i~' LI,'.'g,. (There are other

tbings besi,Qles 'postcard .. s and stamps.)

4""1 Gen'kBD D'i, da're (. ')1 '~'mB8,u, a.,

Dare ( ') Imasen,

It I There are, c'hairs'i' tables I(etc~') 'in 'the: 'Hvini room, 2'~1 In the garden (there) are Mr,~ Tanaka and a boy I 31,. Wb;o is in the kitche,n?'

'There isn't any:body (there:)I~

( .. There isn,'t anythiD,g ,em 'the ehalr ..

Q!UlZ, 11

I~L· ~A~~ ·C,··:"E-:I,. ·LI,O--:······C--::Ai·~ -~rI·OI , ... ,."

. ~, ~ .. ~ ': , I.. '... .. ,---, .. _ .- .. _.

_ .. - ---

-- ----

' ... '""":- Smlth ···~:",'-t·-·:- to :. - :·,d': .. parcel hom 'e·':" H~ Ie is in front ,o·'·::f~ the

,1'Y1ii. , .. ,10111, " wan -:8i ~,O Ben _, a.'" -_,:,,",':, ," ' ',,,, .. 1,._, , a .. ' ,_:,: _ _-'" " .'

, roart m nen r ··t·~ b -u!'iI".;iIlD"'·ld llihl:k'·III"'I- th e R-·'U-"p:'e'·'··'rm~·~ 't-:'eDd: eo' ·~··t" b-·"o··w:' te ,d:O"~· abo ··u't'-

,ap _'_ ,-,_,. '",.i .. ,_,uu _ __::~,. ' • .:', "~'_'~ ~', _-J:- ~,'. '. '_::_,-,--,' --'~,"- ,- ' .. "." - 6:.:, :~ _"'" '-

. ~

It.

'"",,,~ ...... v",

;, ~\ < ~.: tP ; ZF ~ ~ J:, ( ~~ ,i., ~) '3: 'f' J: 0

;-+"I/_ iJ:.! ,,: Ju

" N ~ _ ...

,A. ::. ,~, :

:fi"/v 1)1 i:,t '. ;i;, 2( ~ I~:. A-J{---~ci ,,,, ') tt"ho tP?1 "(},A.,'~ Jt ,( i:;t

;, (7) ,"" , e , v» ~. tL~' I,} '~t' 'Q i;. '6'1 \ , ~ A ~ ~o( i;. I}

t ~"Ii' I~ ~ h 6' ,I} ·t l' J:.o

~,~ 1'~ ,i, IJ Q( ~ i '0

~ :: '",' . ,A, " """', •

: yft;'" '1 t,. ~ . (- I ....

Pi,,!, , U" N ~- .t '.,. t~

"'7 . ,Ii! d'rt. A ,""""_' I "\ ......... V. )r-

~S'u,misu:, 'KIOD,O ICbikak,Q '_--. yib,in'kyok,g ,18 ,--=jmalll, kat

KanriniD!, Be, arimasu, J'O.

'~:.'qmi .;IU: Doko IdelU :ka~

S !ii.

~u· ''IWI'IiiiIlIlU- ill'

" 1i~,_:'I'

Ar---';k'" .--,~' '--'i'lftll ,da .•. ,_IiI.: ·I'.'j ~ . ,- Y·.';biu'k ~--:',k--:-" :-:--',', "-1'(' .!""!.- ',~ - ",:. to·:-·· I" _.iIi

BU·. 0,111 ,1I_:r- ~ .·ruD.sa De~ ._ U .. :_, .·~ya_-,u wa,aao sup. DO .'~' Dan,

daa .. u·· Aka--···· '1!1! PO' ·'.:liIilI·t;'O Ida anm""· 'la' ,au k ar' a~' ' .... '-,'I ... i~;i'l!'n· ", GUllI,U· "IN1l

.... B _". ...• ' .. 1 ..... - .1_'. e- .'.. . .: 1 . _ s , .. , . ,.'. I" 'n° II..a.rw".I.II.lilluu '. ",._ .•

06 ,-'10 -il.tu .. ,

Sm~tib,.

& .- - III!

~ .'iL, .. '.. . . ··-·t· - f"C... -. h'? loS mere a POI . ° nee near - le:re:~

Ylil:lili:!!!: ''r here is ~, ~.~., . .

Wh·r'i! is it?

S- D.A lb' . a.-t-'· superm . - - arket o 'iii':JiOir t here "'It Th I~' I. e 'fW1IjC!!!t· -"!ce" ;81. '0" _-+, to tha '. u . t sup' er --

~-~ _ ,: 'CIi,;- a __ , "~. :" AI: JIL..~j ~. ~ :'.I~~ I' . I :,1 Lr.JJ.' '_ ':f ." ",:J ," ~~_QI.~. lULl I; : ~ . .Ir",- I . ~.L, " .. )." ,.', 'I -. _. -:." :: .. ' ~'. .~

m!!llP -+ Th" I. "'A,iI'S "-I, re'''d'- m· .... ,n 'L,___ I!\ft y'OI'1I li"lil!!:li'" :1',., 'm· 'I" iC!i!t!i, .lIit

"I .~,. _ .. 1 ~a~ 11,., .' ..... ~:, : .. jU1 l~,t :~ .~: : I .. ~.II ~ . ,,[_ !~_!I!

'Thank you, .

.S'·::~'U· rpA..int"-Aftr·d-ia'D't"

.... '~&IJI-..~II..'~" II

,Smith,:

Superintendent:

Smith:

• Th I"--'e- 'POS~' -··-t-· g-·f{'_·"I'ce-· -. '~l-9-' nex··'-::-- ·t- 'to-- t·- b e su-·~·~p.erm-- .-. -- ~"u'-![J- e-··t:·

. I' .. - .".. . •. . _. _ _ .

.. . , --, _I' .r. _..... '. _l. . ' .. ' - . , .', ~.,', .' '-. . . I.: ..... I, :, ."' '.:. - L . ,_. :: '. ,. I, Ii

!I!'p] ,. Ifj

,,A, ,J.' tJ Ii' ... · t II I'lJ . '~JN

,J:

superinteBden't

I tel], ylOU. (particle) ,--I'r:uatllfwket

8U,~_, _' '_ ,_ ,

g,e:XJt to

'mail 'box, POI,t bQ1X, se, because (p.atti.cle) understand", see

vn 1iI-'

z ~~ 'IJI ~A~

.A,\ l__ ,~I I.,.,...J!

t? 151"· lJ 'f -t' c: tJ n" 6 )

.-

~an'-'"

!l.uu. _

N- -O-;T-'E:'-S""

. " . " .. ~.

• I •. ••

1 'E-L e 'ani ,.", 111: v-',

iii ' '" :" ,. "I. '.' :,' J .:' [~

T"'b "i, '1- ~ dd d' th' d z' . ..- a]' I . - "iii to i 1,' It

._. ne 'partie' e yOI IS aaa ec , to '.~ ,: e en;, 0,1, a. sentence 'iw car attention ('0 mtorma :l,lon

''':'r,A 's~"pe' eaker 't:h:i,'!"-k',--:-s," the other perso 'In-i' does D''''O:-40 '1m~:I'D::-IW:-"-'

1U1~ [-.':':_' __:g,_._:_ . .:_.~ '_' I, '_ -. '. _ " ' •.• -.' _ ,__:,_,~_ _ _. I .,~ _,' • _'" ~~ _,_.:__ ILl .'~.. F

, ,

2,:" D;'ok"o [d': ,aGJ;g: :ka

. il!!1 (I - -',' ~:g .. , __ .. ··_'1

The same as dakol ai, arimallU ka. Des' , 'is,' sed in place of :o.i arilD '0,;; (See

G" ram mar '" 11'1 'p" ,6,6' 'rio

. g ;. ., I_~' ~_ . . 'I -:iiI ~ .... : -I'"

go A-ac"ko- nl iII!!iIiD' .... 'p···[ . d'A an'" ,1m-Ilia." n' a

llJ.. In.l!li ,I,' ; .~. _", ,_~ •. ~ _I, _ ... _ I I~ ",' _ ; , . AG'I : _ _ _'~.I

"See ... hat S'::U' 'po ermarket ,iI("id·:ilr@r ,t:'L[ ..... re )[t~' 1(I~J·; "Th eres a= superma rket over t here

~ .. _, Lila, .. 1'~·~lirllll·.·IBJ'_·.I. UY~, _Il~ .. l. ~ ..• I.::ll . "r'li.r.,il .. -: . _. ~ :1:," ',' ,._: .. :__"AJ:...._· .. ', ~ -'_~l_·~rli

ian"" there:?I' :;)

'Th' :. - " "'. 'rti'-I'cl ' , ",- ,", "" ' at the e . .,i 'f" ,- -" - "'t ',', ," M' - ".' " 'd ~:~.o;o . u[ , ", .' ... ')"" ,

" ' ,e' pa i; - e- £ "Ie' c'om,es [3 -n,e. eOIQl O~1. la sen :ence or p • i [-ase 3D <';1 ,1JA,e you see:..; or

"isn't therefit?~;' :in 'E'oglish,. seeks the: 'COD'firma:ti,Dn and agreement of the other

,,,,', '.'" T' ·h· ,·-· .... , ... ::cl'''· ' - hn: ... , "h''''I··L. ' art' .- [I: -"1- . . ..... 1-

per,son, ... ' e' P·iWIU,· •.. e yo [HU[~~ w· II e ud!' p .... ueie De QS"S~

"'Ak· .... !iIi 'k

'.i . ',. ·'81 poI'ar,~DI ,Ia. anm.atJa :. :ara

The particle kara :me8DS "because. so, th!ereio,r-e't and comes sfter the '.I.:.'brase· or lelau,Ie. The. Japanese mean,iag can be expressed In, :Engli,Sh 'in t;w:o ways::

"Because tbe're's a red mail box," or "There's a, r,ed mail bo~" ,10 'i 'j .'

5 n& 1L"'t,e" "c;..-h'" 'y," , I~. .uu_iulj __ ~, W . , ..

n& ," i b· .. , ... :~i d' d L 'u,n.. i . ,- h [Ii' ~ - '"

G.. uu •• te . 7' .,'- .,R lZ-,lIl DIR; e ·-:'eaa, , ... ~. 'IY n,Y IS 'th,@ I09p:ltal (,anJ,,' OpeD'

until '1' '2'~'" .' 'ck "c:k'

, .• , .. ' 0 [ .... IOC :, ..

Ky,., •• du-,6bi. del. ItUB. "Because too., is Satut[day,;,:;;

'P"-:B"'A"'C""--TIC' 'E"

l ~. ':'c ,I,', ' ... :, '-. _-. "'> .:~.~-.

'1' 'E·-·I .. ~ :D" '0···· III"L,n ... _I"!'", .. ,,1111 ·ta· .. ""A?m..' "0' ,,[d'· tak' _' ',. 1110 ,-.-J~--f"

. ,. i '1&1, .:__" 1",:lUI\.IUI.,B DI ·.'~...'._.~.,O .a. I ,U'~_ ,,-IIIIIDBU.

'2: 'H'-" ,- - ",,' ," 1'''- ,_,it kod' ~'-, ,,- ,,- I!.- ,~, -, ,.'.--,--''''

,".1' '. OID-Y. 8101 mae ,m , .. ·_o,mo ,lB. "",DID I~JD.

1 Tb"" -- or-.o 8'--' . " 'b- u /ii1" 0;.", .' "th' '-tat'··'" -

'" ~ ~~~&:~ : _ _ere maD" ,Wee __ ,:_ near ' .e Ii" " '1 on".

2 Th' "", iere are 5 c.'biI"· j d ren " ,",;-. F---"t o"h ·b"· ",,- 'k-i'- ·~th~

_',., .:__:.,' _c II; ~' __ ~ ",",_. ". . I:', " .10, Jt-[UU "J! :' Ie. 1,00 _ '~,_U!l.~!!!;i·~

3.. 'The taxi. stand. is In. front of the I,tation~

.iI iI"J"'! ..... ,...I .', !ii, ·s. tu '...1 .... -,-.,., ,i.'I...,,",,,, bo ~,ii. .... 11 0; , ". -""1' ' ..... -, ,,-,t~t '1- 2": .,00"':'"

~.. .l'uuB,' UI >·,a ·tiu.ay, so u;m . I~Pluu IS '",:00_, open UD_b ,~" ~">.'~

tateDlODO'

'L., .. ,t'il.JII~:

uUillluiQ8'

taka,. ", h.oD,~,.a

,!! _ Ii _ UlIiDID

many', lots of book, store

,5 people (eounter :to'r p_:ople)'

(,See: ,Appendix L)

',&,VDj "'R-" C'I-S-""'S' -. ~ __ ~~-=<=OOO_~~_--=----~~~---==~~~~-----~~"I",.~""C!:,"

I. Practice the 'ioUowi,ng patterns by changing the underlined parts, as in the ex, ..

'11 ~,

am:pJles grven,,,,

.A.. 6~ Tib'lIrH no, Be ai riD .• ga i,tsutslu arimasu~

[ . - -

1" bl" -, 'it 3iiimBi 2~ him, 2~1I.0D,

:3 .. , 1Ian'-, tat'usal '

Ni.WL ' .~, otGik,o DO k.o ,I. fU.tari :im881l. .1,. 'DDDa,:oo :k,." ·~Din

.2:., atoka, DO :bitoj lIitor:

B £1...-

- / ,', .

.. --

II :Make Idia],oll1,es, by cha,ngi~ng t.he 'underlinled parta as, in, the examples given, A~ u., IQ: Ti!bUnl, DO De ni r·iot:o p ik,utBII ,Brim allD, :ka,.

Al, M'I)tb,g .riim88u~

1 h'" '.'I.,liIJ ~ 3 iii Ii ~pal. ma.-mat, "~~mal

2. hinl" Dan~Dt, 2-ho.',

;9 .. , :1180, nao,!!!boa"l takusai .

,B~. G'~ Q: :Niwa ai o,toko DO hito iP IUID!!!D,iD. :imasu ka, - A,:: :Hlmri 'im_u!~

, ~ iODDa :DO kD .• , ,~lIin

'iI!J. ,-'6D')'I,·,.". D-'O~', '~W-liI 'fg-_ I'''\-,~, a_, UI._ au, . au~ [ '_ ,lIdO; II

C., ex: IQ:: ,'~,ODO' cllflkak '.Bi 'taka, __ i-aoriba ,a, ar,im·, 'U :-~, .'

,,': :, ~ at ,arimas·lI.~ TiakUahi~ooriba w'. eki DO .mae iii. sr,';' -II,.

l~ kipp.~uriJba" ,eki D,O naka

:2., cbikatets,g DCJ irigu,ehi, d.epi,to DO' mae, :3" b!-,'om,t ;lI8oko

01' e

[4',1 kusuri-:,'a!.lo:ko

DI.. a., IQ:: K'lUlUDa, ,no 'k_Jj, '_ )a, deko, R.i, arimasu Uti, A: Koko ui arimasu"

I ~ 'watallbl 80 megaoe

,2'1 kOllo, he,. 110 b,li,

'E. ex. Q; Tmaka.-san, wa doko ai, 'Wasa ka..

A: ,2·kaL, ai ima.SIII

:1. DiWR

2'. to:m.ari no> lI.eya

Q: Buu~ooriba wa doko da_ ta ..

A': Ekl.o - "Re deau,,,

'1.1 'h.oD,"'" depi.to 8.0 t,(JDari

2,! kU.,tsuguchi" eki no :naka 3'1 ,-:: I-suri,""ya,,_joban DO 'laBan 41 by,6ID" e.kJ, DO ehikak .•

.t

.~.

Ku' ,iLl t, ~"Y.

III A. 'Connect 'the f,oUowinl sentences using kara, "because, '" as in, tbe example ,riven,.

es. KyO wa ,aAurllli desu,,, W.a,tami 'W ••• k'kG D'i, i'klDlaleD~

K.y6 "~a ,aau_mi Id,esa kara, W8:,-_.lii \Va, lakko,~_: ikimasen,1 1 .. , K~yo w'. aiehi~fobri, d •• " ·Walt.sbi. Wlf kaia:b.a, ni ik'imaRedI'

IXERC~SBS 75

,B,~ R_ead 't'be short dialogues ,aod, make the a:ppr-opria'te sta'terne'o:b (S,) 'oain,'

\"-:- ·r··.·-I

, I ~I

ex. Q~: Di8h:ite~ k76 bJliD, 'W, 1.2i11ji 10.; ! e d.,.,- -C,- .. , ,4: Ky6 'W. d.~6bi dUa, k.8m~,

:9: 1F~j:O 'wa, do-"61H deaD, kaT.· 'b,u~'-, ••. 'l"':~;<IIl, m' ." ; , .. e ,~l_,'(.

iD..J"1 . - ~ _._ - ._ - - , .-t."U'U-I __ .~ ,I. . .. n~UI~

1· Rj! 1i'-=. ...... 'I·"te·.· .. ,,··~ ,-,-·P·'. I a' '''*"., H1"<8.' , k' .• ~."',. '-;k·~k~~.·' 'B·,t ikim·~}'--·.-:-:'·~ 'ka,:'- . ,-"" .~ ,JIUIIU. _ _ !11M .. 1'" '" I. _ .z v 1!I!fM.. . IU, I _~ __ "'D ,.

Ai: 'K,o' we Dic'bi-:J6bi desu, kanji,

0, .. Dlio

,2\1' Q; 'D18hite S,umiau·,ya, W., k'ilkii, ai ,LkiiJD •• u k ,.~, A': IO'k.1ID ,18 lI;&ild, ,de k\ima8u 'kara.,

S(~

Id,tori iik:utsu nIR,-mal nan,en

;2 peol)~e' €See A:p,pendiX,l.) 1 per:son

how mallY'

how many sheets how 'm.a'D~y bottles h,ow 'maR,' people 'ticket offic.e: ti,e'ke,t

,lit;.., ,I ;i;,seU'i., pliace jlt

CRtnmce

h,Qspitai,

P'L'--a~ d 'ru,jlJii ,at-''APA 1,1411 1-111--_ ~I~', ~l ;~, '!i:J.._~, ~

yaoya lak8.a-:"I,

18k.,Ra

pao-,- ',·S·· "

, • I ~_,

, .

paD saka,·,a, 10k.,

k- ft II:.. ,,.., ~&u

'vegetable store fish st,otte

fish

bread store, baker,,, 'bread.

liq,uor store

tkere~ that pia,ce' here , '1''"'''"1' 8 '-pl:aJ"ll,A,

., ., ! . .' "1111 . J~' ._.' . __ "~~

(eye) gllasses

r,AA'm""

- ~ __ ~_I

bus 'iennina1 tic'ket ,gate

:poUce box holiday

w:hy ait"i"iilane

- iII1r

fa, '"

, "'_~

, .... _

;i;

D,aa-UI_D,

~'·I···ftliiliil,'ilrlii";lba··· . ,1\, ; .. 'r-"" ,IL .. ,.

kippu

4riba iri_bi by6ia

k- ,IJIi_·:IIrol;, 'VA I _) .... -M-_ 1_· iI"~

'kllBuri.

:llik.:',B

~: .... dr. a,

:meg&ne'

lI,e,., ba8~nori,ba ka'isa.tsutlPclhi k,iball

-. - - ._"

y,a_1Ib

d,irdli,te hik6~kl

S· ,.

,fIiII .... iiiAlll.· , .'Ii 'II~ __ IIM~_~'

Ya."\a_~_· ,KGb ,-,:I .•• ,I-'ma.a·' :8:' a'_. II. d. '1IA.,n.

___ ~.~ AI RI, ~ go .it. '. '. ,WilKiVit

S .• 'Ii... m.IU~,:·

Ya'mada:

WL._,.. =s·· t-:od' ~- av's 'pa' '~f"

IW,Ij,~ II. - ,.1 _-.,. .. ' I ,_,'_' y~ J'.

J"t'll' hen '-H···· -.... - .""

__ ~:5 . ere", _'_Jere y,o.n are 'I'

Q'UlZ

I R dth I' I t. '. d !Ii'al~ d th ~ I~II· , Hi'"

, ,-:,ea,~ '!u~11sleS80rn"S openmg r i'~':Ogue an: answer me ,1,0 OWing 'Ques'.~-o,ns.

1 ~ ,S'lIm:isu·_, w'. daka oi :iklmasu, :ka,~

2. Y'u,binkyoku wa :&iipi :&0' mae, desu, ka.,

---_

.':":':11:0111

ill,

1~ T, __ ~uui~Doriba.a t AJ-_~~:'~ ,ko dea,g,.

2i Eki, DO, cbik:_,~-',u Di ( ) IS ,arilI188'U ka.

Ba'" 'I'-'IU" "-on"-·b'. v-a V'li"tlbin'· iIr!\ll:r'o~'k' ,g'_' va Aana""·;;Il'!i,'-· a ~"nm~~ - -.'-~II,-''llilii .

_' ," I -, _ r j • " ,'.,' •• .! ~. MI _ ~~""'" , ... ~~ •... ' Ir.U I . _ '.' 1 . I.,. - . KII

3~ H~a·ya '_c,a ( ), :--'i ariDlalu, :ka~,

"~'. :d"~'u' I 'ks' .-1.

" __ "!I!!jO:-Q. __ , __ •

S'upi 'D,g tDDBr~· :Di ,arima8u .. ,

4'1 ~ )1 H'erig, Kiko D'i ikim "rg ka.

T:ilil'llilm,~ ~. od"laJ"b' -1" ldill 1""''::-'-:'''r1:', k : ,

U:. .~' ,... 1 1 [1\JJI.IIIIIIi'1iIj, _111

5.. T,ibura nOI ue oj, 'ria go II. ,(, ) ,ar.ima:IU k a, ,

MittaG, arimasu,

6'i~ :E:lli, no ,lIia,a oj, oteko DO hlto ga ,(

Futart Imasu,

) ,I .. ,.,au· '8-'

...... a"D.· ......

III Put the ,a;pprop'ria'!te particles in, the pilR!n,tbesel~ [(If a partie'le is 'Dot required,

pu~ ,,, I'" ~~ x-':~ in tb~ ~.- s, PS' .. ' ~ renthe I' , '~e~ ~c ):"

_"_,'- _-: __ I . - . [ I ',' ~l ,- ", - .& ~ I.:,: :iil. ~IE '.:

1,. BaIU-: 10 --lb. ~ ) dok,o (: ) ,des'u k'_,

Depi"o I( ) 'mae 'C )~rima ~IU",

2. Tlibu'ru DO, ue ( ) biru 18 :DaD~bo'D, (,

2·'b,OD t: ) a'rimaaa~

a D6slhite kyo ka'mba ~

DO-~ylobi. I' eaG, (' '), •.

4,. ~teani (, , doko I(

)[ arim.su ka,

'J ikim!ll 'k

. , . . . " . . ~ . " " - I· . .. .-

,:_ ~~ " : i.88en ' . ~~ ,a.

A'I!ii.A 11-0 desu

m..&:', ._1 '1!!Iii!'G' .. ,.

"

IV Translate into J' ap--: anese ..

- - - •• • L_ ,I l" ,..

I. The liqUlor' sto,re is :1I,SXt, to t.b.e vegetab:le store. ~tt Excuse: me, .'her,: is 'tho ;' lava,tory'?

lfl'S over 'them:,.

,3~ M:iss 'Wh~t:. went to Osaka:. 80, she is'nr.: in, the offi,ce today'., 4,~ Wh,y/ ,!'s the' hosp-~:~I'!""~l~ (/-o~· nll-y'~ o-:.pe::·~n.~i)~: un ti':~'11 '1; 2:'·0· ~"Ol'" t-·od···~ B'--: y~~'

w _. [ • ,.-~~. _ -. I ~. _,_ •• !lJI. '. ", [I •. ".[. M" - II I • !I! . .' ,_ • r iii

Because it's Saturday'.

5~ There are five ch:il.dren in, front 0'£ the book, store",

LESSON

TIC,C"'K' "E' S····- B'" OU'··'G···· IT"

'I . '. :,,:'~'._,':, '.~ . _ .. 1._,.. .• ' . ~ ,

.Mr. S:mitb lan,dM·r,., Tanaka are talkin;1 about their pla'ol for' the weekend .•

tttJ. l ""t· ',.

!,' Iii. " ~ ~ ,"'. _ .-!!!o

:;: :.J..' >,," : I.,. ~ " .- '., -::> ~_

t~~, l - ,+" ...

CI;" ,....... 'i!::

~ ;: ~ • ,~ . _. .,J-.. ..I... ;; '1~ f' ._

,A ";,;", A ~ ~ ...... 'Ii? ~ I V' '-

't:" . b" 1:: ..... t,' z

• .... J ,c .

. ' .- _,"

!: . ! .. ~ .. ·.il

'~'" J'.:' ~ ~L

1.1 .~,........ "Z

~ 1l~'I;'. : \,"\ \. \' ~'T no, t, '1- x ~ ,A : .t, i, ~',\; L ~I '1

0'\ \ t L 1:.. tt'o 7v'1ffl ~;'C~

fJ\ ~ '\ ·t~ ~ L t: .......

. : '\! .' '. . ' . - ...

• • •• ,' [~[W

II.A ~J A ,!t ~ t~ i -tr ,A; L t1J'1 '~~.Iv ~t (/)

~ .-? ;~j~ 'S: 6' \ \ t· L .1:., f!J ~ ': 1::, J: " ;rJ t:

h,1"", a

-IJ . !iI. .. Jr- ~-

'\. ",' ;~ I·.· .•

~ <oil '!Ii ..... . .

T'~·n:-'''''.'·'' Sh'u-ma" ···· ... ,·u D~ ·n-·.-mil' 0 -hl··:: ... ·B'DU· 'b'"

1 .... 1&&'... .... 1, ," .: !.~_ ·11r.J~·. 1:.1 ~ .~- J"_ ~ -.': ,I. a .W:.j:': . .g0 I ,',I,.

S• 'N· 1... '-'b- ill., da 'hi I' . ka b' k" Ii!

'UmlSU.: . !I[C.I-Y'O _.~:,.l OJ torm.o " C :'1 llll~, .' -_ ~:u I'~l 0 ml.mas,u ..

T,8D,Idt,a: Ii. ,deau De •. ',' :.0 kippu 0 :ka'im .• fjbita ka,

S.·· •. :·u.m.,·:., ,.,i s '.uI 1.'IIIIi1i_' 'EI·'e·· .ae<Di.', - u"7 'G: '. it, -" .:d n 0"', p' ;' Dr' "', ei diD,<liI',d':, '0" d·' - kai .. t!lma:" .' shi ~·ta' .

- , g .. ~ '. ...~. I~.; .. '·ag,·· "~ ._ ~:_,_", __ ,.G ..

• :S,u:misu-:B8'D ·W' ..•.• ea~lhu, Gioza DOl pureip'i,dol de 'kabak'j, DO k'~ppu 01 k.ima:iii sbi a, Ni 'h:t!~;Jobil ' -1 tn :-':-.odaebi 'to kabuki 0 ,miJDBllu"

""""'- -, ••• ;1, .. ,_ '.

J. an.(tIllil,.

Wb:~: t are yon ,doing this weelcend?

I'm go~nl t10 see the Kabu'k:, w'i'th friends OrD Siunday·,.

, - .

H·.,-,· . ,.~., H'· ..,. L..... :1:..t· - ti '-k-t - ... " .. _. t .. ,.

ow D],ce •. _,~a,ve.' Y<lU, lUUlqIn. yOUi IC' ,:)e,s ye: ..

y'es~ :1 bou,ght them last 'w'eek ·a· a, theater booking ,ageey in the Gi'DZ8,.

. -

Smith,:

Tanaka':

Smith"

M-.. S· ' .. ' ~th··,·· b'.. . 'h-·t ·t~ ·k·· a., ~', liIb'L-- '11' ... ·'b.. ·~k·" . .u, . th ,.,' " ' ........... 'k' ,<I! •• - --.' ... " • :!' .. tiI.,'L,. (G··j,· . i · .. -··t·

.1 r"" ···mll..·~ _OU-I_:.,· ~ ,lC.:ets, 1.101' IUle .nal iU]·]' at a ' .. ~ eater 000 l'Dg 3!gen.cy ~n u ... e . m,za Ilas ..

. ·week .. He is, gorin)I' to see the KabUki 'w~th fnends Ion Sunda.f~

L"'1't'~ L·tT· (T~)

tJ~~.i: ~:

sbima,t:BU sbima.. '.1l'f1II,'~ kabu'kj .mimaau (·mint,

weekend do

Kabuki I(Ja'panese theater), see

~,tT' (~~) 78

\ \'\ "~"Th \. \.\: \

'b 1

'It,,\ ,"£. IL t:.

i" \, , 'f:: '"t

:u d, ",111 lie

...

,D,

- ...

DID

:kaimublta kaimasu (kau,) Glnze

~'I, .J(

~I NI~

_,., 'n .~.A tI-' 1 ~ "'. ~ ~"I: :.,' 'F~j I'~'

1:.

G·- RA~ . ". M~-·M··'. A:' R; IV~'

- ' .' _ . .:_ ' .. - :_: ... __: . ".:__~.....:.. ",

,already 'bough.t buy

Ginza, (plac.e 'oam,e) tbeeter book fIJI agency at. (p'srticie)

,j, person 'W'A noun 0' verb

i

2··:· ~.' nerson 'W" "·:Ai .. pe rso . "0 'N": "1' no' un 0"': v· er .. b·'

!II r'-" I ,g.::. ,I ( _ ' .. .:_ ~ [' -.'. ~& iIi3 . " t'·. (' , . . ~. _,' . .":'__ .

buy read

shft'lllll~1l' r ): 'u"*"

telephone

Present Form

, ~~~. ")"~-'-

tJl~ PJJI

alf.,

:a·mashita ka.i~.a'91Iita

,o'IIi1'!Ii':ii1 :-,-.- ·"h,'iI,ta. I.UD. mas I .. '

'.~' "-,'.- :., .' d'-' 'b" I~")-

ml RlBSeD· es lUI.

kai·masend[eshi'-_ yoml~imaseltde8:b:i'ta rnile~ma.seD.d,es.bita,

lI'R~iil3JiI(b;m:' ash '·;·t··a· . !UllUD""'- . ~,I_,

[denwa 0 shi,~,

_ .. it

.IDBDIIlta,

d sh't

eD .• a, 0, ',. :I-masen

1 d - jbi:~·_,_

Ii

:Dll8e-,masU

deD'waol (hi,~:ma-u

'I

mlge~' " BseD

.dellwa 0

:sh': ;m! ~ _ D

I. P" "am' -' ,,~ ,,, •• :1,,,·. 0· .. ·' '0··,· .. · b .e . it' .. ", . rke -

• 1 .; ':.1 !.IW.e ~., '.' ..... JI& .. rna· ··'~If",

PI d' ft ,., d'" io-_ -11... t th- .. tho b~ t 0" .. d lth bs taceo aner a n01UD.f 0 In,"I,ca.,LCS tna i'e, i: e noun is e O:XJI@C ,~, ts, use [. 'Wf'~ ver ~::;

such as "se e H "read n I'd': rink t~ "buv 'I't!! I!'lII'Dd-[ m a'I'D'y ot ···h· e-'PC

~. " ..• 1. [ :.,' _. _. _,"I ~·._ .. ~_:'L,j ... ! ~)J~ "'r ,""' ..... ~_l ,~_, _!_'_~ _ _;i_'" ._._:.....<_ . ...::.. .... ~'ii

, ,

eX~ T'ue' -',j[ 0 mimasu, .. '[(I) wate': , TV," t t

i. Part -"'c'lo, '0-1'" Ind Irect obie ... ct . '.-' .'k··Q"

.' I'.. [,_ ,.~. '.C_.. " I"I.~. - .' ... ,J' '. mar· ""r,o.

In, J: 'aoanese, th ... Q iin1dr·t1r··. ,~~ [0.' bie . c 'tr. or - recipient, in th e eas e o"lf: ver b 'S such as '-'~g; iv. :n

-,,- . t"'- ~ """" -41 __ -~ ~... . J . . , . ,. . " "., .' - . 'Iio.-U. ., - ~. . . • ._. - "':..

iI,iil4;. .... "Ii lU·t· '( .... - ho ' -,:II -. d '.' ,~'. 'i!'. 'd-'!' '.' ted- ·-"1 'byl ' ..:L - . '.' rt~ 'I· iii

L;@BC __ ", te ep one anc so, on. IS I'D. i lea: I~ ~i tne pa.!,I_11C,I,e m,

H· h'" S·-4o , I! d 'I.. Ii' 'bi- lt U M' H' bi t t

lUi' 8Y81,_" _·.:~D. WB :···.',u.ml·a·8~·, :0,1, •. aen _·a ,0 BUl1lDaS~.'i.: a, '._:, r, I. ,aYIS;:1 teJ!,e""

P':ho'nad' 'M'-"- S'" '"'t"b' ",

. :; '. I ". ,,,,,,:., .•.• r,.. ·:"nll'i. _: ,II!

G~D'" IIi..M·-' ,~, D' '[V':' 7"-ltli

All£lQ ,~, ';:I

N- -'0' TE" S" ,

:1 .. ~~~',

l, Ii desu ne.

Here: the particle ne does not seek confirmation or. agreement .. , It is; a :sharing of the other' persons's pllea'9Ure~ N'uancel, can, be c,onvey,ed, by the amount of stress ,gi'v,e'D, ,any lyllab,I'e~, Co,m:par:e t.his, Be witb the De' in, 'Lesson 9~,

ill G"'" • "'d' d k·' b'"

,~.~tDza, DOl pu,f1mp'l,",Q < e :_:,.mas,~'I.ta~

N·:" "',,' . :, nd ' '~ , ," '-' ,,-." ...... -, :'. 'i":'· j' : aed ,'.' =I,:~ .. 'L act '":.' ': ":.' '., .. "-h" ',.:.-.; '. ,'h' ',.(e, eo' '('h",~ ,'. ~ -,. a-a

" ouns ,an",· piace names ccncernee Wlul acnons sue [as wr er ,,' ,,1ngs c,.I~

bo, "--h't --:., '-, ',', t .. ,,",' ,-", '~'d"-I "'"., .... ~,''!!', t'L ... , ,,-,., rticl -",. 'd['-"

ugnt, aeen, earen ,an: " 90 OD taze tne pa, I" e. e.

'3,,::· '0"·0'. 'ko',~" "w - iere"

, ii, "." -,-. .. _., ~ .. "

6%., '001£01 de ter,eb,i 10 'mimaau ka, • 'Where do yo'u watch television?" t-

Im d' - . . ,~ ..., il: ill - f,., 'h ~t 'I! tL. 'iI,!i, , ,- - _.. Ii ,

a ae num,BSU,. __; ware ,I, 'I.. m me uvmg room ..

4,1' N,ani~ uwha:t,'"

h¥ ,- "1110'- k·'a-llIlm--:-,oa'b.'!!'ta··,·- 'ka·I",~. uW~·····'ha'-,,'t'" d'l~,d~' y--:'OO:1 b-"U"y'711!"

~j :_,_," ~'. _.J .. I -:_- I '" I. [1"'_' I. _ ,'._ ",1 __ '_:".:!t

K--·· I: .. iI btrta "I' bo bt aJ' t" k tit·" i!> k" ts l!"

__ 'l.PpU 0 ".l'mBsil·',.' _,-~ug ,:.' a some n .. c ',ei~~'I·lc',e :,., ","

,

PRAC.··.··.·T"·.-I·C,··.",E· :·i.·

~ • fi I. .._

1 rw' ''1..1 ''II A' .... L.!ta 'it .'

_ ~ I,· "i,am,SIIl ",a'1I , .. , 'tUui~, " elga 0 mtmasu,

2. Ta'Daka411D wa, :ma'i'olc'bi g,chi die 'bea~yo 0 ~jbiD18su.,

,3. (Watashi wa) Kino 'restI,t,oran de hiruw,goban 0 tahema5him .. .. '(W-'ta' 'sb-:: ,--.-''11' 'IT'!'_'oi"i d'··e·pa···'to- de o· a'D~' "0"" k' ,a';'ift'I"iElltD 'nd"eah'l'·'ta''''

' .. ,,:.. ,,_'_,l!H'~.!I AW,~:~ :,~:,'.' ". '! ,.: ... m"u..Lu.lMGe"':_,_I.,:-,a :I,c ...

:1., [am loing 'to, see a movie tom,olT.\ow.

'24' M'r ~ T,.nata, &;tudies at, 'bo'me ,every day,. 3,., I bad ].uBC'h at, ,8 restaurant yeaterds,y.,,,

4~ I: dicin,;t 'buy anyt'h.ins ye.5.'terday B't the' deperrtment store ..

'm--am' 'I, "I"c"~:" ".

.1" , "

- . __ -. - _--

mai,·

every'day eve'ry (See'

A "~'K

" .ppe.nd:lX, ,'.~)

study'

r· ,·il'iiilf~,.·

'. - ._:~ .. l

'restaurB'D't JU1lcb meal

at,!,

eat

'beo~ - .. ,.:L,::

, ..... ' • ft,J G 0 iw;i'Dl8BlII

(fL."""" ..... ,ilc ... A, G\ a'iII:.' .... 'IlIi'~ .:~ua." u .. ' ~IWli. _"

hira~lOhllD

goban -tabemasldta g'bemull I(taberu"

so L1'.i;~~~N·'" 10

- ,~~-" ..

Pa 'st' P"""O'rnD'

~. • r " • - 1- -

:. . ~, . '. " _'

see listen, eat

dr '. 'k m "

buy '...aa-d~

,!l~: ".,'

shop

m,.. a-I

.f~"L~" J

party

.

.

w'ork:

:play

. , ..

'l.;,eODII,

1Ii't1ii,:""araiiti ,iLUUHi!lWiDM

tahemaahita Domimailbita kaimalhila yomIma's lta sllimaBhita

mi~mMead,' '" 'bi,ta 'kikim.eendeahi,t

la, 'b' illiIHailiill,D ... : ~bi· • '\

_,' ·~~u ~· _.:__~~.!, J

'~ftfto!I~,"'8'II~D' de" . • sb'- i,ta

[gv-.~U ~ __ . ' __ . __

kaiRl88~nde8Itita ,oaUmaseDdab.ita, abimaaeadeUita

'.bnassndetlbita

abiimubita

I,J Practice the followi'ng patterns by cha'Qgjng 'the 'unde'rUn,ed part as in the ex-

amp"I)'r_iC.'i 11~:~ 1i;~,@in'I':

,- .~pi - . 'If'~ -I.

, .

Ai, I •• [W"tubi wa, Ei_,' I, 0 :lBbna8'~,~

1 te "bil

- 'j,~'·i

!I! " ,"&,III;!i;,

2. 'ab 'l'i

3.".

B.. ,G', rwa;tubi' . 81 Rajio 0 klkiInB., ,I

1~ DyUlU

2~ rrmgaku DGr'tipU 311 're' :'ida ya, abidi

C, la', [W,atuhi 'w.1 Blru-gohan 01 'Ia!bem.,u~

1 . I, ,1IiIIIi; I

--~ 1_' ~.:' , 1!It"-. ---.

Z·ba.D~lObBD

L '8In,doitebi 'to urada,

D~ &r .. (Wataahi wa]1 t;cll .• , 0 DOmim"lI~

. ,

___ III ... _. __

ftftli'iMi'l,wIiti,g,lIIfll1' 1l-iIUII~~Mfg-~

'k' •

" •. 'i1iII," ...... , ':'a, fig! .-"11'

~,

1m"'

UlUtBeD

vnml.·,aA., ~- "';~~L.L.~!I,

• ,II!

, 'm'~lihDIi!iiD' I __ '~i __

ben . ,:yo 101 &himBllll,

· kaiBl,ODO' osblnm,u

aIIlmill' - '8sen' , "

. .. - " ,

" "I' ~ -, J

.... L,~MI'iIiIGra.AWIo,.. _. !1Du.~&

'I' 'ea'" '1I'~" UI 0"

. ~ I' t ;, •

- --'-"~~ ~ .

abiOlBu

2. IBiqp.

3· 'k Ii,

... " ')tirl'llli,gn:', .",

.__ .... - I

'DV'DDi'!i[- rll:!ao 8' 1 .~~,~~,"-l'

E" G, IW'atu'bi 'wal Hana 0 kaimas'ull 11 zalslli

21 'kitte'

3~ N ibon :n.8 ehizu

IW8imski, 'wal 'H,oD 0 yomim8su'I'

1, teg_mi,

2' '- - N" =!li..Aft~-dn '0, -0-' shij!rh;'b- U'd'

• . UII~.'" 1ft;¥" ' , _ _ -"11- ,. - 1

IW'ataul wa') '8enky1o, 0 sbimae;u.

1." k .• imono

2,~ patl

3ii fJbiprt.o 4il '~en.u

III Make! dialogues by Ichanging the undlerlined 'parts as l'R the examples given, Convert verbs to their ap,p,ropriat~e form :as necessary,

,A.. e:rr. Q: 'lA:nata 'we) Kom'ban, eiga 0 :mimas'li Ita ..

As: Hail" mimmnt;;

-

Ad: J"ie" :miimaseD~

]1' hoR. yomimasu

iiI1! 'N" ib' 'b- k .. hil'

.Q!i ,-,',1: O,D'.gO DO, _ ,eo .-,,0, S -'lmtlSU.

:8;, B%. ''I: (A'Ra,ta, 'wal 'K'inG h,OD,iIi,. de boo 0 kaimashi,ta, 1m!!, ,A8: RIi, kaimaslli,ta<l'

L kaisba, sbigoto" silimasu, ,2,~ kiuatea, kctbi, Dom,imuu,

C',. ex. fl= fAna'ta wa] )f'aia'lB :oam ,0, RamimaB'. ka, A: :K.6bi 10 nomimasu!!

I, kocba

2~ miruk,q,

Sit j-ilig, t,o klOhi

D. ex. Q: I[A'aa,ta, waJ 'Kino Doi 10, s'bimasblita ka~

A"" U! ~1l.11, ,d' D, 'ho" n- "0" 'V~';'iift,ma:'LI'"'''' a,,_

• .' ~I_I ~ II¥ I - r ~ t J' ~. UU:~_iIIMD.IJI. ,IAli

'K' ,,--',

. ... .. _

'. G ..

III delli,to de kutsu G kaima'I'u

2.. uchi, de Nih.liI. 110, benky6 ,0, sh:knull 3, 'b,.6iB oi :Ddm89U

Q: [Ana'ia wa] 'Kyi IclO~D de :biN~IQhBn 0 tabemasu, k.~

Ali Ulliob- Jii ,d---e-' 'ta'-~~~liIi!Ii;:iI'i,iiillil_

I Iii _.,,,, ' . . ~~,lU\III;'_,!!!!

'In'

,1:"", ex.

I, 'e'ki :110 chlkak'U DO res.tom'. 21' tomodaebii 'DO 'a,cbi,

Q: I[AD.ta, wa:J, I'tlu :Nliho ... o 110 beJllk.y6 0 IhimHill, k.~ A~ M'ainiclli sbimaau.

ifNI 'II' '1I'N:'li1 -," ' .~. II!!! ,,I"U( '- ~:'1I' 1 ,ii'

I~ Ji..J,~I' .IIU

1 .'-- - "ba- ._,

m·alil" n

'" .~' ~".~ .~".~.

2~ .pn,u ... ,tlbi te ka-,'ohi ai 3~ maiib,g, k~yibi :ni,

,G. ,6%. Q: mAData we] Sb.ima'ts,u ni. ,dare 'to te D·ii sa, 0 _mug :-l-,a" A: T:an.k. ~8IID, ,to 8hiDlll8,U~

I, tomodae'bj

2- k' -'QIii]i!Q'" k·g,.·

"1 ....... ·'.·.·

n,. es.,

A': ·N'.ni mo kaim8'Radiabit i .I~ tabemutl

:2, D,OD1:imaau

e

k ·k~' (: .... :'1_, .. ·• :tI,\jmasu . a.J.AU,~

DJliau

oopk'u,

rekldo

. . ." .

P'lCture listen n.ews, music record.

CD. compact disc

br .... ,--~~~"""t· (iI.I'·'"t,:

ICd.:ft; ... URi '. !Ii;, .. !to

S.'lam. cb_izu

maguine map

read !l!l~/_,

'1.., _

UIUI

,. ( ,

yomuaaa ,',OIDU,'

te1pmi

k,aI moae

tenia.

k,oalban

'ld .. teJJ,

.611i

Ro,.bullSlI (Boala) maiaaa

,6eb',

minkll

lette' -.- ... ' ·r

.. _', ..... _'

.. ,

'bu'''- _. 'II'· 1.0" .

:. ~" " 'I

. . . ' . -

sh0pplag tennis

thl"'o eve ninlD'

~ Ii;Il ~ T ": .• :~~~

c'-"Iffee Sk~ _O __ ~. _ _,IIU.l'

ooffee drink

(!_, - _".

I'bidi: ua,.baD.

eYe~ mominllJ'

- ""rI" [- .. ' ;.!~I

.... 1 .... , .. '1.. ' ....... i!Ii. UUJ.lUA ~

iD!IIi_ ... t-:t·,-t...·! Q!IIIM'UUI I~

aarada,

~,L._

~DII

milk

lalad

. -' ~ - ~ -

~,~ .

•uau

, .

• '1,

Jwoe

Bboes

,every ,e:V1eninl ,ev,.ru'l"ree'l[

~ ~IJ

(my) family

tea tea

J;!lIiI~ln,.;mIilli' ~n"'oi!"'e' ''III!I'H;.1'!Iio.e· ,_~.~·~l .....r l n·liIi~.·-

:1111 .

t'L __

muUlm

'maiab,a 'uolEu

Jal"Walfi~ti.a, n~~'Jj'i'A! •• riin-

• ~~~I _. ~ ,..1. '_~1

sou 'p

L~ •••••

..

-p.

'll"1_,A, .' 'lb' -. ·o· .. _,dft ft#IIo ~''''''JIiIrI;L-.,,,,,, o· . ·,·h.I'"'m,' -·81 .... Lrl· .. ta··. ,'1"".-, .n..DIIU ·'.1 I ~.v- &,!IU !Dt:~J'U '. g,.I-I&a- __ .li&l.MIJU_ _ lILA.

II ...

0"".'1 0'''''

.. ft: I '. '.

H' ' •. ·v:aI"'''H~''~

• ; .. 'rll ... ~I'

R' ,.-

,owallo:

"It ':11.." d _,L·ta

Ie" iSAlmU_ elHl!& . ' .•

'n .... _bj- I"A ~be 'k" _.'iii ad L~' "

.~,.: .. 1''1:::: 1 .,. '"u ,0, l!lnilmaae_·.~~_Je8.IH.I!ta, . all

T- 'GIBOdach- . I 'hi- IiI 10" • "I 1.,._-

. ~,:,; :', ,~: -',;:: -:1 ,da, Ujf'a' ... '-." " .. 'm' a--: '1· ·ta··· .ut£L

[ ., ._ .. -~-~ _ ... , .... "."

Ha- ~,ashi,: .. ~ ,.y-"_.

Wh'i,te':

Ha'V:QI~h' 'I~ ~

3--Q . '!I

: ·UI v.nu ltudy-~ J-Caf"dl'nese.~ v.J3\sterday:?

" 'W' . ,_ '...: I _ w_,,~ _ • ,I ~ _'_ .

D'__ - ,. .... friend' .j. . - ~ _. - . .. .._ b' .-

~ause some : '" . _:_/~s' cl:me '1,,0 my .IODI·e,;,

SHORT' DI:ALOGUI, 83

Q'U)'" .:- 'z::-

.

'._" .. ,,: ,',

I R·:·······, .,d 'th'I""~'~"'" 1 .. ,-.'"'-:~" -' •. --: ( .. --.,' .,-."'.- .. ,-, ,d"-''"' .. ·1-····· '.,', -, .... ':., '-,' ,di' ,','." . ',". ,". th' ,.'. ~"1'1"1" ,,:"': .. ::' uest "'··"',··I·I·P·C':

. ".eau,_- IS ,lesson s, openmg ,·13, ague an·· answer .:, ,e ,10:. owmg q,ueS.-lODS .. ,

1~ SU'rnisU-.8a .,a, ni,cbi-y,i:brj :ai lelp 0 ma81,U ka, kab,rtlki, 01 mimalu :0. 2,,, SU.mia,u",san, wa, 'hi:mri die. kabuki 0, m.imalJll ta,,,

3,", Su,lDisu~.an 'wa i,tsu kabuki ne kippu 0 kaima.shi'ta ka,

,4,. a,Ulllis,u-san 'W. do:ko, ,d,e 'kab,ukl :00 ,kippu 0 'kaimash'ita ka,.

'1"1 OJ' lete th t~ th t lb" - ~~t the",· - .

'. _. "l ," ", _l" !. " . - f '. ," ", , I _ .' . ',. . ," • _ _ I. . '-. I. .' • ..",. . J. I" .

,,' '<. mp.! ete e ques ·mns, so' I 18· ey I >, answers.

1,~ ( " 'oi elp 0, mimasb'j,ta ka,~

Nlclli~y6,bi nl mima.8I1ita~

2~ Ky,ci ~ ) de 'biru-golban 0 t8:bem.su lta~!

'Ek_·'-::Ii D:O: eh ,:l"".,k-·:g·' ne ra.G!,UI·'tD··:.~IIi'. d'e~· ·ta-,~'m;·~B:-a,u-

___ • l __ l~ ~1 IA~ ll._ ~~_l " •• ~ -O!l

3,~ 'Do.yibi ni ( ') 01 a:1bimasu, ka,

TO"m:;iI!'!i;da,'-,~'L,! D' 01' ·'-Inbj-.'~ n: . !iiI ik:·.· "·'~IG'D'al, S'·.··~h. "I~·,e,,· t'~o,.!m··1 ,~~IB·~J~It~.1i n·,o.'" ulc,~·,"i Ide 'b'!8D" .' •

' ... _. _ 'U. ... _ ""'W ._ UI" _' _ I. 11IJIJIa.D. It va IL, , l!KI. ...... . . . .D~ _.__ _. _ _

!

,elhaa 0' tabemasu.,

4 D - . _, t - d J' ).. - 'ka-!! - - - - h ·ta- ka

;oep8"O' e , : 0, "n I.mas_' ,I '\~. ,.~_' .. _

NaAi mo kaimu.se:D d,es,hi;ta,~

]II Put 'tile approp(riiate particles in 'the parentheses, (If' at particle is not required, pu,t an X lo, the parentheses.)

i. Sumisu,-san wa, sho'kudo ( ) :im.s1l~

2~, Bowai,to .. n 'wa cblkatelsu, ( ) 'kaiBha, ( ) it_as'lI",

3~ TaDakB,~D 'wa itam,b. :00 c:bikak:u D'D resut,oraa ( :) biru~lohan

( , ta'be~ma9'hi'ta~

4,~, W'atas'bi 'WB, ki'oo de'pitll' ( ') :nani ,(

5~ Shamatau :ni :oo:i. ( )1 s'hima,la ka,

6~ 'Watasb'i, wa maiasa, (' " u1chi f ')1 sllitm'bun (

'it k'~' d- .... '1.,1 .. _,

,II _" mmasea I, esnua.

) 'uom' ·'IUII·" :·'·.'llDtI:i -

!J - .. 1, .' -"". Ii

IV' Translate '~n,to Japanese.

L I. ooughi,t a, camera, ,at "the department store on Slu'n,da'y~ It was 145JjOOO,~ 2,~ '~'. '_lit: did :you, do yes,terd,8Y?

I Ust@noo Ito a tape IDf Japanese, at home in 'the morning, I 'went ,to the IG'inza

in .... La,-.'I-I.,6m- . 00: ~[n: and ""':~lil'!i'g~ ·h· :. "~to '!!iiI ,t"i!;.~ ~,a~, (,t' IL.c6~')1 . .•. . UI~" ilJ.lL~ .. " .... ~ ICU .... · _ IJIlIU. ,_" _ a ~J..ll~.IJ. Q. .' _JU~l.l~ . iii

oj 'I' .'£i~tmnN' 110: ~ ,Li~~. _,_

L- :c'SS-:~' .~~ [O':-:'N"'~

__ rD' _. ",' :_ .... '~' .. , ..

'/77'/ ~ At,,;! ,A,BICOJ <c : L ~~_"O ·2(':L~' A .~, .i.\,!t Iv(/)

v +- ~~ '+ .. 4'~*.. ~;;, n' '"'.," '1, t . ,f. 4· - ,v IL #T\ 6_ J.. .... '. ";'.;oP"""i r..~ _-', "! .. ,:.,.fI.. .. "".:<": 11.,1 ~.,'" Ji ..... :. ", ~_,-c_,. 1., .... :

c, "0 I:'? \", ',1 00 ,/ ./ .,/ ., I§, N taL, ........ c, .'. '_".I' 'I'" ~ 'U'~ ~ } ", • • aL. N

,: ~. t· IL t=.~ 1;' < ~ ~,tj, i.,\'\ l .. ;. ':lti,AJ~:: ~ iT,gl

__, '7· .... \ rL1 ""/ ~, t.rr» . .J.'\~. '\ L' ~ l..... V ~ ~ ~ 1'''', _;, .~ ~ . .,._ .-4, (... s-: '~Ii, t:~ ~

/ '.... '"' / '" ~, N V ,.I 1.1" _l.' ',1:"" 11oL. '-1" ~ IIIIIL, r ~ ~. V" I':JI 1.1 . .... I~l ~l lliFJl [ ,_I _. " iCI

l. =* ~ li;t. ~,'f ':) J:. i If 0\ t, ~ AI J:11 tJ t ~ .. "-"t·T 0

7' 7' ? / ~, It, ~;.t, ,t v "" iJl .~ :1. ,__ t '_ :£: 0) s; :£ -t t..,,(', tL,· I~': t t: .: -c .

t, ,1t ,Iv 0, ,'( L. ~ l. Jv ~~:;: Av, ~. ,J: h. t, 'T 0 1; 1)"\ ~ .?,~. rl" \ , L .~ "~

\ \ .~ i 'Y',a ~~. ,t=:.~. 1? :1l"~' ~ ~ ~: a ,Iv ~. ~ ? l,! J: 7-J.. t' +,

~'''\ ,. L '~' ,.~- 9 t;' 6" l, 5 It' Lt ,A.J t ~ .. '~~'r '0. V.A ~ ., :;; -\?l I)' \ , L ~,(f)

L ~ {, .... : '''''''., ,-'" '';;.':.':1 '~.'" . .,. A. ."7 :'". '~II;1" .. · .,/,1, .. _,. r .. ':.·,' r- ~ ~ ...r.. .,Ii., .~, ~i +z, ,Ii"do l' 2-··.· r I., ,~I+~',' . .1:1\ ... ~

c, I ,. u~ ~ - ~ AJ z: I':' ~ "} 0 v~ ~ _.\- , I~ I·d.. .." L.- ~dL..1'v lJ P?

2 L:' t- -to 1: _'-- fJ' iii, t- k'" k

I' .. ;' '-. 'ii. '(' .... - '., '~~~:'\ J:__/ l' 'J1j,,;""''':

:__., ' ~ '. . . .' --;;J. ',," :...... '- "'-

, '\ ... ,-«- ,~ ''v''~ ~ ,10

"': +_ I-

I ? .'_

7' It· 'P -,OJ! 2.. .' - ;;._, '''?

fJ' ",. J1 t'- T ~ .. ";1:

,,~ .,) ,-,-' - .. ' '. - --t. :I"F"\ ""iIi :.

~' " ". ill '~, v J. " I, ,

_A, ... A' _L.

.....; , <~ '-, ,._

., """'

~ 'r]) '~} .t;l, ~~ \ \ '~ t L It:: 7)" t;,"' 11 t .: ,~, ; c~ ~': ,6', i_ It} t, IL n: 0

77' r:7' :/' ,~ ,,(, I.i, ,;J) L 1;, L ,(, fI' ~ '~' ,(; '1:~1 ~.t l' t, I: \ \ ~ ·t T 0

s l.t. i t:~, L, L. ~ ~~ 'fJ"~' Y i L t y- 0 ·lC· L --C ,~. ~ J: ? :r.Jf:

'= 1 ~ J: '1i I~:. it" t I') ·t' T Q

:B'1If8'IID-88n 'wa ,ABC· no be.phi. detJ,ua Soahi-te Sl1misu-un DO to,modac.hi, de&u~, BUniUD,-B8D. WIS, :kotDlhi 0.0 ~,.t:-.u, IIi. hi ,on Ide ._·:":~.ih,OD .Di, kiJlIB.hlta •

.

Ok' . ,,-. - . 8 iIi'i'D.; ... , .... ~ N" :It.,o· D ru-* kim-,i .. BII3'1I

'.UJJ8D w, iI,-U".U:__. _lB.': I, .. _'~ __ a .~<_'EI,'.

BurauD~I8B, DO kaisba. w -, T6.ky,o Eki 801 ebikak'. nil ,arim.a_u. S,hilot.o wa dD1t"DU,.Vo"'b-·'I'" kara km:1i -, vAb~,!iiJ, m a' de d";laau-

llir~~g,.- rI' .. 1·-·, I\;IIE l _'j '·(~·Ul_._,_ ... _,_.~_l .. _:, ._~_ III

Buraun-aaa ~_'- B DJRlalR, kohi 0 D,omimasu. p, Dui. :mo tabemasen, Soabi.te :1 imbu. [0 yomim.:a-'I.' !'. Chikatletsu, de k.i .ba iii :ik'ima,·,u .• TO'kid,D,ki ch:ikatet8u de haa ,. _hi a ',o,mimll8'u~,

Kaisb __ ' .. ~·8. 9-;,: 'kara 5-ji, . ,~, ~. Bll81de [deaD .• ReButloraul Yi·. ka isiJ a, DO- "k'lIdo d'e h:M!·'~:lI.lIloba" 0 t'-·be.dl8!.-:-U~ :H"iru'!!!iJIli .umi 'wa.l2-ji ban. ·k.·ra 2:·j·i, made desu kar,a:, tokid,o'kl kai_lJa D~' b'lt,o' :,.0 d,e~~ -,to y:a k:::88tea,ail ;iki"~aBa.

O:E> 00

Delli a1 7~ji, ,1,0rl'8 'kaer,imasu,(il Kino 'W8, 'tus'bl. 'kar,. S,u'mis,U-S&D, 'DO uC'bi ni iki'maahita kara~, ll .. ji ,lairD uc'lbi nl :kaerimubita.

'Bu~- ,UD-sa'ft wa a'lbi,ta SbiakaDse , de: Kyoto : .. i ikimuu,~ Kyoto :00 a,bisb. de

~ii!"-,h'1 ,,- ~., , .' -, i - '8-- i" b-I~·t-' k':'~ "'" "~-:b' ~ ill -,~' 'T' I''"''k' ",~:-,'" --" 1""IC" ,e-,--""-'--"'C"I-'UI

IUI~ 0 II ' IlimBBU,~ '_ 011 ,I lie m. yo ,1 m , D. yo m •• enmM, '.

'M"'~, 'B'\~:-----:-;-:--:-- '!!'-, - ·l-:--:-------,·,--:'·:t-LAB,',' ,.-c"'" A" .... ,d' 'L.", ~ I, frle "'d', --t' M"", S',,·,---·~,~ .... ,,- M"·,-: n'~e-'f-:--:--"'-'-:-'llID ro

,_,l__r~ ~,rown 1'1 a awyer Wl,-u ',_ ,,-~ l"UJJ, IIJIJe ~S, a.menn o. r, -,m,h.u s, ,._,r~ )l;JifO'WD came

I_pan ,aJone 'tIlis June. H~s wif'e wiU come: to Japan nex,t wee:k~

:M'f" Brown's ,company is near T:okyol S'taltion~ He 'works from M'onda.;,' '00' F'riday~,

M'p, '1g''''~i'P,'iII d :-'!'_~k, '-::--:-, coffee e-~a-'C"? morn ~~n-,: G'_ ib' ut he d" oesa't ,_"" anvthine, ,And he reads 'the

JII, ~ DJi; '!i,III'n' .Ii.!" no is !!;"I',U,I!iA;o:'¥"",Q w, . I ,81". ., ,n, ~,g III. 1I;orM!i. ~ - -1 w"" _~~ _ ' _

'ntiii~ H- e D'ii"!iioiiIIiC!! ,t--_ hi II:!i of:' fice 'b1Y Sil'lbw' , .",' '50"',',- metimes b- -,a, ..,a,lI}jrAC!, .g 'k~k' or '8- m '::IiIiL'J'!!lIi"~n'.tIii' ii"irLfll 't-'h"e,"

l~lir"~. Ii! . I' '. - 1!I!1~~gl ll.r.U I ~ . I I t I ~~~ '. _: ',': . iU .. _ :.~.. (.,'. -. ':. I! ~ _ I: .~~I L_~J ~, r!li.!l-~'U~l llli4J 'U~ . ~ [ . ~I~.I" "-' U'lll,11 I. ~ , I

'sl1bwlay,~,

His loffice hours are ftom, '91:()O to 5::30'i He bas 'lunch at a, restaurant Of' in ,the com'pan}'" lcafeteriat LUD,Ch. time is from 1.2':30 to 2:(M)1., 50 sometimes hoe ,goo,s to a depa .. rtment store or' a cafe 'with. people from the .office",

He gets home about 1':001• Last nigh.t he,ot bO,Qle' about 11,::00 becausehe wlent from, the 'office to ·tb.e :Sm'ithsl' house,

M- r--' '- Brown ,~'" ll'Fnl"'Dg" '- ' '00--' " K''U·.t]Vt- IiI"io 't-,~.nit"~~l:r 0', 'n' th 'a, So:-:,,:'h" 1~'n'11""""n' sen, 'H'· ~ is ho !d-' l~n,--"'D'-;:,- 8: m :-,~t3:lI"iIlg'.", ~1t'I' ,iI,;'I);.';i::Jj

!I" . -. . ... ! H' IllIg let,V-. . '. I . '.: -I~ U -,v ~WJl iI]~'U~ 1& 'U' lrr' . - _. . _ 1 1¥ -._.:. 1 J ·AG·, ... ~.: _ I!!I ,:.__, ~.,¥ ~ iI;iI! ,IiJl.~ 't • _ -,~~, • ~I ,lill~: .' 'iii] lU:I~

'branch o,ffiee in K,y'()tc)~ He: wiU return to Tokyo. OD Fri"day,,,

777/ ~~L 6-(

v' __ ylil'~

c.... ~- '-- ....,;

t, t < ~~'i

'7' :I'il" ·~.:L, ,b,., ......, .?

,Buraun

k t-"'e' '.

'I' I"" -

. ,DO _ I

B-- r-,n'I-II"'" u·",I·Ii]

..

. iiI",'"...:I. '111",,: 'tDaliu.O.ft.I

,shokudiil

'71~ji IOlrO

dnro' av···'··-

k,ai" 0 :uimasu lkaigi 00, lura)

this ',ear

but, ,(partic~,e)1

sometimes (See, .Appendix, J ~)l cafeteria

'!:II b '1I'id''It- l' '''0'' '0""

ltIi_y·ylU)· I .]., .. 1 .... ,

,abou!t

b- eld ,- eet r '/:~ - . . ,0' n a mee lUg conrerenee

'TE'L' 'EP" "H" '0" ~.' '. "IN" I G"':-"

-',. :', ',,>' ...•.•... ~ -.,

'L-' E- ·SS~ 0-'" 'N

. ,', -, '-,._, ',_:', - .

.-.~-----

M '-' Ka"/ 'It·... t .. · .. ,' ., .... -- ·:h'···· .... _. ... :. .'. -' M: " '. S-~"'" ··:·'t·' h

. _r. "I, :.·.o_e ep~ .. ·· on,es ,:,.r •. ···.,D],I" " •

I .

..~'\ .;~, l 4~.do- ,,J.. '\

n I',~ \ '\;. , ,'J' 0,

"_,,. ~ ? . ,-I. ~ \ .z, 1''0; .,...,.~ "*

A ....,. cA " ,·do"" ." \" '. \.', iii)

'f;" ~ '1 :: fi" t· '1' ~·r t)-(;', .: L, ~ 1:' Iv t1 \ 'I It:, .,? L ~ \ 'I t T '6',0'

A, ~, A : \."\ 't· '\, \ t· '-it ,Iv 0 9 r ,:~ .. ;', :fi' t fJ' t T,m

11" ~ '7 ;: ~. 1. ~~'T '-Q\o l L~: £ tt. i" t"l 1:'" ~ h ~ l ,t T 0,

,_" 3 ~. · J' .~. \. "\.. ~~~ ,MI ,~,-(;' t \ l. ,*~.

A .""" A, ! , .... '¥ ,. n ,,~, 1.1 ~ ,"~';O

. .A\ ~ 7:~' '. L' ~'~l"ll II .. , L ,~ .d-',

"I I~ ,;,~ ,~ ~'~ '~l _.' ~ , 0.

I Q\ t 1 ~ AJ· Li .A ~ A ,~; /vir}) , 1;, ~'~ -{'" ~ f? ~ L t L ,t= ~'("\ A~,

;(. ~, Iv a» .: IL • t· Iu ~:,:1 \ ." 'f {t ,At '~l. f:._. o·

'Ka'te:

S.mi~Ba: .K8'lo(:

S· 'um-'- "1'11 im~II" ~

.', . .; 0 . rill

··Ka.'·· - .t .. ··0- '. .. -; ... l~ '_ .~"

Summa:: -U_t"~,·

fta.,v,.

S ·

'um'18-gi'

- -- : - .~ :. ,-,~,

MOlhi m,osh.-i~, Sumis'u,-san ,gD ,cttak,g dMIIL~ka'i:

Hai, sO de,Bu!!,

Ka"t6 ,dlaD 1'1, ,lo-Elbuj,iD. w. jrasllJa~.8jzD&

I' iii' -, - n :"'!II! lifI- 'k' - 'II' - - -

ma ImaUD,. ;~JI, .oro, .' aenm.so.,

SO dleg ka., !QeW,. m •. ta,~I.to, de dleDI.' ,01 ahj'mM,g, • Rei, oDel'·is)hi·muD.~

·88" ". ..-.'" ,.- .. "-.

" .. yonarB •.

Sm'ith::

I{a,t'ljl::

Smith:

K- I!iiilt-·,lAt~

_lIIk~l!!

·Smith.:

1T-rt,""~ ft.iI~UIIi

,Sm'i.'Ul:

HeUOI~ Is tllat, M'r t :Smitb;~sl IJlidlDgil

'y~ .C:- AiC!. iii', ';C!' . ~j I)~ ~~

This :is Kattt.,JLyour husband them?'

He's not here 'DlDIW'il He~n 'be hack about 9:001" .Lsee, Then rt~l, c-allg1qinJarmr',.

Y:es~ F!lr"",e dOI~

~ .. _ -.-. ~- '.

,-' "' - 1"" e ~~~''' •• ~J

Good, .. ·bye'i'

D7'-"

10:

)[am'· .. ·

, .

, ."

\' U;,,,?, l ~\ 'iT (~'i:,? l.,;) z. '1~' ,~ .. ..d-.J, '\

~ . '" I'J

..or ,../;-..;.

I~ I'~

;b t: -r

i?'n~I~\ , L t T IL ~It\ '\ L t'T'

iI

• - - .... ,""" L'a" mBa - (·j;p;a;"!itc!ih·ft ..... , II1IBlHIL:l~>gll ... * ~l___'" '1lQ

a. :sumamJe. hello

(his') residence

€'particle)1 (See Note 3 'below,.)

'("·D·ur') huSiband

(h,oDorific" referring to som,e .. ·

OIi"oiQ D·lle."C!i '\ 1;.Ii~~ I~IJ_~I ial i •• ill'

is (polite WOJid. for imalu)

]' se 'e~

, g .... III!!!

DJmlbi, : •• ld, .. taku

II

go.ah·uj:m

10-'

..to( "I

~ l I ~l

,~ .. _ tt'LN

ROdelu1m,

mats

ato'de mJ,epiBbimasll s'btitsu.rei. bim.lu

,I

agam

aftenvanis Please (d,Q'),

,rood·~bye' (lit,~ • ~:ru be rude, 'II')

·tv' (particle)

i~.:

NOT'ES

I, M,osh·i :moBhi.

'Th,is is the cQa'ventional, beginning of II telepbone conversation and, 'may be repeated, during the: ca'I~. to confirm, w'he:ther' th,e othe:r' party is still, on. the line, It is sometimes also like "I say!" used, ito attract the attention of someone one does not know,~ (See Lesson ,2',4,.)' It, is best t~ confine' its 'use: to the telephone,

2.. S',umisu-san DO o-,ta'ku

'The honorific 10 (lor 10 as in ICHlhuj.io.) ,is; of;~eD, prefixed, to nOUD,:S to 'mean

"r '00" - r U 'I~ e IIL..-'Dam· a- a u,'/'.iil"jii.I.1I .... 'Ra'me ;, S' '~" ··i:m·1ill~'rl·y·· --&_I .... U m - - e!!!liins~' ,uY'OU- . ~r h o· u~a '.,

.... :', '~:.j _:.·I~,:: j .. iIJ:,:> •. , 1.Flu.U,~ _ ~ , '~:I ..... Uiw ~IU.~ '-, _ L :' ~~I.1 I ': ',IL ~ ~ .II~·~ _,'1:.":, rlLaA.· ':_',: "._ .. --a: ':_ '_-' '. ':'Co:' .. _::' • J.- .... : -~:'l

or, as here, ,. Mr + Smith's resldence. ~ It 'is, ve'ry polite,

The word taka alone, is seldom used" U'clli~ "house,' ~s mere common, Le., Are; •• dUe :.,0 uehl Id,eBu. kB. '·:rwh,ose 'house is that?" U'eh'i is, also UI.sed. to

~~, - ,U .,J). hot -.t -:. ---,~ .~. 'I' llilli. '-1- ~ [tit. ", :"' ~ .. cb~ Iii! - '. 'k-'" . " ~ U .. ' '.' .. ' , . n

me'an, my"our ouse 'or. ,S,lm,p" Y our, as, In U'·.J .DO'. ;··aruma:. our car,

s~ A., 'KatO des'. ga',1 l1o~shujin wa ,irasfl,baima8H h,.,

BI :Ka'tO- .. n 'wai Su.mg,-san :ai, dea:wB, 0 .hlmaabi,ta 18, 'Sumi:lu,~saD, wa

· - ~ - d .......... L!',

Imaaea·. 'I£2UUm",

This p. is, a connective, joini,~g two clauses, It can. usually' be translated as "but :U ''lIie ;01 B- :,_ but, eom-Ie-im'-:"'ea' i,t cannot as i'n A In A-· 'l'~'t ha "c_ 1I:'Ii, no ni!illlrt·--··I'~CU··· •. la tr mean-

__ ~ _, ~ 1- tt __ ' __ I •. ~ ~ . _- __ I , ,_ ~ _, __ .-._~ , _l_, ._!Jl ~ u I~ _"'_' [ l:t _ [ j~ .ILI ,~. (._,1 _1 I __ I ~ __ I

ing~, It. ls, jus,t a. kind of courteous hesitation and indicates 'that the 'phrase before

it ,is 'merely' a :prelimi:nary 'to 'the 'principal ma'tt~er;o

,Dig 'Ii _E'l'Q~nN-r ~ ),- 2 .• ~~"""

4~ 19-ji.l~

[T" .. '~~ s'-:gf"- ·:fix· -: •. ~- II' :~nl_ '-8" ~I·t·· ':!II :a used to ' '10'''': . ··d, :;;.r.9i~li!lii. a· np:'~;ma'" ate ":[ 'ti" ~m' a.

"In::. . ... , ... u ...... , .. tt:Nfg,~, !l!iIi:I!' M'~ -. ',', ... ' 11WU!'~ ":rl_AU;A;I,, _:. ,_' ,,' 'lIiij;'i

les~ ~ji, :Ioro, "about 3 o'cloek"

o d. -"D" I'·or···· O' ,1il,cia·L_ .. 't' Se -pt·AiI¥II;b·e-..,n

;u-,__ .' .: :: >, . ' .: •.... UU'u. ~ C._ .,' .. '.-~iIi[ -" ,a.

,5., sa deaG. 'kB4'

Wben 86, de: -u :k:.[ means lUI. see, U as here:" :i:t is. said with, a. falling i:n,t-ODatio'Ri' It can. ,also mean "Oh, 'really?U lor "Is 'that so?U IBid 'be a Iquestion expecting an

~lne'1D':e-'r- In" that P9iDA l·'t-~· lii:~ sa' "lld- Wl·,,~·th·L a n-[I!I~:ifta' m!!!i .... to-''-lI''Il§t-::.]li!oo·,,-··, '

' .. ,,-lii'] ''fir [ : . _ .' !,' LIlA· tp_Q~, '-, (I !~' .. ." I_ "_' . 11_ ".. '. - _~-_ "":1 . I ~\":.h"_ ,:..... .. ~II _: : .. UQ._'-:_I "_"_ . ( ..

6,. I08Ie,piShIma,s11

A ve:ry' ·conve:nienl 'phrase~ used. 'when, 'making a 'request" L.it~'ral'l.y~, it. means, "I 'beg 'you",'I~' and 'the verb may bes,l,m,ply implied., as, here, wh~er,e it.. means "I 'beg you (to do that)~,;'

IX., 'TRipu 0 ,oie.laisbjm .. u~ ~'·:Cou'ld 'you 'type. this~ p:lease?'"

IG'ioza :BI:ade IOlll,e,p,isbilDasu. "Please take me to the Gi.nza."f.t (S,aid "',0 a taxi ldrive~,.)

Th.e :f'e:ply' to onegailb'i,111BS'U :is ,often, 'H'ai, 'wakBrimll8hi'ta, ·~·'ICe·rtain~Yi,1I see. fJl~

K--'v~y" 'S·V·NT~'~iN--C···E·---S-I--~~~.~,~ ... -, ----~--------~~------~

.n': : . :»,>, ' .. ,,:Ei:. [i: ...... ':" I

': II'W'" ,-', · .. ,·,iI:!Ii·h .. ·· '1: .,.]: A·_'bi- !IIiia·· .- ... ' ·'.d:· .,-iII . -,i~: '~ .. -. ( .,~-

: '. '. '._ • .....,' . wa.: l'1Jeji . _,,:~ _"eD,aD Ill, m a·lm.BlD.

2i 'fW'.:t •• lbi wa,] HI". ·bi:·BBD :Di. d,ea~wa a ab'imalu'i

[3,., I,W'atashi '\Va] 'Ylo!ku. tomod,ac:hi oi ·tetJ:ami. 10 kaki'ma:SUiJ

4 (Wi::- ~ :'8- .,'.-' .• - ... ,~ W- ''-a-'l A man' I!' e- II" o~· '''''(;'iii'iriiii a,[IDDII"Iii[

[."1 ~. \_ .,.: J. ,'_"',J,UI. _",_ --~:J ~_ ~t:::e5tE~- __ ) I __ .~ ":, U~"'" . ·_~,UU_-_·_ ~~ql'

5~, [W.B'I •• b:i waJ Su'mi8.a~aD, DID' biBb,s u·i d,eDwa IO"s[himashita, ga.1 S'u·misu-san.

.. . -

·w. 1 .... --- -d--·'L.'iita·'· .. :' .. '~lIen~ e.IJ._'_,,~

1, I·am loing' 1.0 see the 'lawyer tomolTow'~

2- i ". 'W-- -m~' "'e··~gfth· "0' De' .•• _. ·EI' ..... -· --h····

.. ..1,', . ILl -:!l.I,w,,Y '.:" .. 1.«.· .n:ayas, ' I, •.

- -

·S.... I ~te," write to t,--y-:'~, f"n' "'e' n ·dl

,- 'iii " ":1;1·· 'IN" \'If<l!,,~·_e ," '.' \01,'" .' " .' [ ..

,4.. 1. dOD.'It see mo,,(es very' often,

11:" ]. Ie' . "I' . h . 'ed M·.' S,·:, - ~t' 'bi! 'f-"''''' b t' h - ,. - "'t ,,"'L,' -

'iii,JI!Ij :. ·ll;.:ep .. )j' QD_~ _: .. r'lI!,-·.~'lml,. ,9 '0 ~~ce, •. _:~u;_e wasn '",uere'~

'. ..

,.·dll, (,au, dca,w,a Q ak ""I, . .... IlII

(.ea';-~, a 0 lura,)1 ·-:'.'ok,u

( . - ~

.meet.

'-_ .1.... u;

ma~ a 'P' iJiOO8 ca:l~

[1", ~ •• , • ,_ .• '. ~ ..•• " . ,

, ~_·:·:jm.lla (_~~~:, .:. 1:.uJ:

8m.~ri .' .'iI' " -ma8en

often [(,See Appendix. J.oJ 'write

does not i .~ .•. ,often (See A:lp:lleudrix. J .. :J

ruE" '. ,E!!:DNT" "E"l"'''~_t!' 8~'9~'

D -.' ~!:...:' ~. __ .~'~~1 ", .-.'

.. I '1T-;;,.'b---:, ,,", M.' 1":"-' . ,.,-."', .". th .. '0' 'f: --:,11' -c. ; j ,OJ,_,,. -','.'-. -:t..._, .... 'd'-' t-:h " >OJ.:. ---: . .- -..- ··t .- l.t '··d·:· ..... - . it-" 'f~' '1 - -'-' -.'

__ Y leT :~S;i .... em,onze . - ,I e ... 0, .. ' ,orWlog ver~ ,aD ... , . elf presen ao". pa.sl . ,DlmS'i

P -,.-·-en't Form

1-- - -- --

,kik'imaHDdeahi,- .. :_~ .-

. ht,iiiiem" . .' Dd·.Ift _." -~ -.

.: .~~ I, .• ....:._ - ) __ ..:... ._'_~ _~,._. . . _ :

~~"ii: ... -iIi!iI~.·II~d.'- e"_n,L,=:ta •. ~

.... __ ~ aID) _.

.,f

n'~1" '~_'~

'neg.,

""',e' ,'~I~lh- In;D--I.e~:

L .~i'[!.l !IWif! ..

w,rit,e ,ask te:Dl mee.t

s:b.-imllShitr

dell -ft '0 .:bima8u

't' ..... '1, .. ::-

,:&a.u:lla8U

'I"'_"'":,: ... ,ail:l~. IUU\~~,

kikJmaseD

'kakimashita 'kikim,llltita

i

" __ Jiema,_':-~ it.. :

'kik" iii

' .. ' .'. 'lDl' ~- a-:-a,il!i'

'. __ .. ', -:".jaM

hie

,"-" m"','lilliMiI!ii,U:-

,.-.1 ~I~ • ..__.______._:

,.

,al'ft'lla' . . ... '0'

U&Uhl_' _ ~ J

II Practice the followi ~., pattern b,' c,ba~gin,g the, underlined pal ,~ .. as :~ ;. the exam-

P'II __ , gI'-:~v' e' 'D' -,

;II; . ,'.. .' "ii!'

~ -'

l~ ~SumiBa~saD 2" p~kko

3 .. kaisha,

III Make dialogues by' c -"anging' tbe' underlined parts as in the examples giv'en~

A 'I' ... ~, IQ: I[Ana'ta, wa:J ,Maj:DIII, 'tomodac _.f) :n~, kuri s.'u;ma8Ui 'kido 0, kaklmalu. :k;·a ..

,Aa: .• -ii' D-'~'A _ k- ':aj}Idm'.· .a~_.,

.ft.I.I. ' ,..",. , .~,n

BI;o. ,6'£. rQ: ;1:Aaata. wal Dare ni ,deeDw •. q. slab_aID 1(8,., ,A: Tao,_a,.8IUl 'Iii sbim8lBu~

I~ tom,odac:'·~ I, halt.

,.....! . - _.

C ~' IQ~:!iII' :['·~·a·'.-, """1]-' n._'JI",,_ '01 Id;e"D~ ,o···b- ·i:ili'll'li1il!llDU'- b-"'.

'@1 ~-,~ '.~. II, : Z,I...I.I __ ..... ' ""'.'. 1IIIa.u, _ I . ·~ :"I'A ~_. a_~_-IU-U,'" __ . _~ '11

1I':1i 11--"01'" -,.'- ......

• ~ .- ·,e;';.lI!I;

D'I' ,.;, :Q:: 'T _- ft,.. ~ _;8,-810 '-~.-a 'Sumirlu_n oJ, :D8JI;i, 0 o.bie.:..'~', _-:', ,~t8, --'8'i A,':: Tao: -_.; ':8480 liD ' •. eli ~IIO' uO'W8,Iiba.aii 0 I.:: hiemas1li,tai'

, - _--_ - -.'

I. ,mise RO, 'D m'D' :2. •• ea-baali

B'I' I.... 'Q:: 'Tanaka-: ..... !da~re ui :.yasb'i~n 'DO jisho '0 :ldkhuasb'it! ka~ ,A: ,maha oj, kikiBlaahita~1

'9·. ".'0'-,' L- ~~~IiiN\' J' 2'

~'_11'

'f) 'k- 'Ii ,"",,'I.;. 'b- 'Ii "-,

~., ~a, ,DO ,/ILB

"F'

. ~ ex:.

Q: IA.a'ta W8): Asbita d:an 'oi aimafJu k.,i ,A'I 'T:om,odat'ihi :ui .'ijm.flu~

1.~, pkko' :001 :uDSei,

2~ HayaS:hi"'8aD, DO otOIllO ,to aikil811

G',', ~' ~ l[,,, .... ;- ...... , ' '1' "y:-:( ... '~, '~'-''''IIiiI~'k:: ~I: ~nti:~i G' L,.Lj,m8IU'· '~iliil

" . '!!' ~ ",~, I.ftU,:-- we; .. .".,U, ~"UII, ,1lU, ~I ,au., ., __ ' ,,,~,

AI:: 'HIIi~ :,'(IJk,g, :k"kimU,U,~

,A",' ',D:~,'l ,I. I;~a., ',·t'm-,-an';'"' k":8,-ill~'~"a·'!E!i,\A' '~-I.___ - -~'lI!'f III . ,1M! , "ilLuo ~~'"

'IV' Con'Beet tb,e lo.tlowina sentences USmC' IB" "but," ,IS 'm, 'the ,ex,limp'lle ,Iive~n,t.

Alihita, 'wa -"'·-b-'-"\,·" '''''''L.'.' d ,-, I-W":" ta', ' .. 'biO; .. ' ',- K~' ~,. -L . d'· iI!.,,'i'. ,_!t.li_.-

,e%; ",C' _ __J_, '~_ ,,'~u O'le' '1,-YOI!.lI' uu,. 1t\,'8 ',', .8: :1, WB, "a.08,' ,e IID!lgo,~,., 0 ftD1m aaUjii,

Ash'ita 'wa :ltiebi~yihi Ides" gai, :(:wa'uuJbi 'w81 'kais'ha d'e :shiJot~o, 0 :8lIi'.asu,j'

)' iii W',,:,', 'Il, - :oIo-ah"I'"' 'IID,a, kJft~ T- -r','airi'lll,G'ka," '~G'iII'II, '1i'!Iii~ 'iiiliC' !t..:IiI: .,11] ''':I~'''!'''''''a' ~'h't~t'a' .~a;'li!Iiia·· .'Ii"'-'iiiil'!iiifill~ 'fi~ :. rnfIi1a· "Iii

_ _ . '_.ai-g,. ,,""MO",,,,, , ..... lI&U.. .~II., ,IIJI,V 1M,. 1t.1I ,,,.1 ,l~'lI_.,:c:J,_".,_, .. ~ ... I,; __ !!!II. ,,1'La, ,..ii!lill 'ft,.,liIIQI, __

d If' .. .' 18 ",Ita~

,2~ W:a;taJshii w'. kln6 depi.'., ,Bi ikimashl'ta. o epA,t 0, wa ,88u:mi ,d.Jti:II.'1

'iiil

'mamea

'k' 'ij,iil"li:Ii, - - .... iii!Ii,i5liilli, 'kl .... 'n , "I.~I.lJ:IIU~_ail •.... ~ U"'I

--- --- -- -- --------- -- - ~- ---

eV'lry 'ylear

C'Li""J~ C!it'j 1nii'I,!!!:II ~ ~,t'!!i,~1 _'Jg~~_II~~~' ~IU

La .... 'f,' ~

BeD__pji bah.,

b' '0' .'.',ft~ji l _.!~.I.I

os'bie,mll8'u (osbleru'~,

N'e,w' Y,ear;. 'C8'rd ,(m,y')1 'm,oth,e'f

"i. .. , . ,.,.;11

liot',a,

t:eD.

,C!I"-~~_ sh-I)-nl ",,~v,~ '''"''II - 'Up

' :!'ilI .. ·~ ~k~'il... ')

, lIII880 I~, :~'UL.'HI •

ask

fo.aq,r.hl' 'ap' I~~, __ ~\.

t,'our') ~fa'thef' '(Y'QUI) mother never '(do,), (See,

A nd-., J)'

, Pipe .' - ~. :uc:, , I ~ .• :

_. - - ...

;D~~Ii' ~g~

!Ii

'ft'Itl iDa:

1~~1

oloaan o:kisad,

~,~~Dft_, .. , .. nlIla!l:!!AwiiI ~jH..~~ .' '. .. --,II1IIJi~'M

L IOn, th,e ,te,~p,hone.~

Oto:ko lUI, :bito: MoaIIl, _OI._IJ, T •. nUa'4aD :1\ •. ,I:Uik'p: d;eera ka" ,On .. , DO 'bi,ta!: Pe. obi .... IU,1

Of.ko :11.0 bilo: :D6mo sumimaaeD"

ODDa DO b~i,to:: DI'I~ DO .itu'himaSlllite i

:M'a.n::

W'omam:

M'an:

'W' "-:'LiIi.'i"ili'iiftR'~' .. '_ Vlt.,I.D_IlIl~

:Sorry :to! ha,v,e trou.bled you,., That!~,fl ,q,lIwte all right~,

tl :f"L.... IIo,;1i.. iiI!;;' 'II· -- b-'- - " -

6~, V,l~ 'lUe ,li,iellep _one .. ,

v';;;.t.,., ' .. -h 'lii '1"'- 'b.J.l '8 __ ki d·· 1OZ8i' , . --

BU'.aD8_~U~ .LOBI''' ,I.#C!!II._ ~_', .' .e , :~!lllBSU,.,

COH' '0'17':- .' D: ','IIA.''I' ,~T f~P: '9~,··:.ll. "

~ ,_"._-[. I l:._·._n~~-u~

B .• -I,v ....•. ~ 1.- ...... ~·,illi·· Ta' D' -- a:' k' a:- '~. 0"" IHI,Adal·aL!m· '.- _au

I BDI -_j_~~,- .. - .. I '". VD~ _1U~· ~j. I~

. . .

'KOkaluillu: Uli. III6shi mnaAlj~_k,udaItlJ~

'8" yaSbl ,ii'

- "G,·' ','1: " ']""

"'(G', - - .. - ,_,~

O ..... '-'''or'' "I

per ... ,. '.

Jd .. 'I .' ... k mM'" T~:--:-'" "",'I .. · m' ., Lay . ID.;;L L·,1',·, !, aD~I" ,hease,

lUltJL~lQ_om,ent" p:Jea.se.

'~Ha h'·'

I, ~_,yall.l:

'Wa'taa'bj 'W,. l118ia88 jopgu 0 allilDal'll ga" :H.,8Rlli.; .. 'R ,mo j'OIin. 0 :sbimaau ka"

HBi~ wata •. hi mo Jo'ku, s:biimas,u.

:S.~-,.'-m· " 1~,"'IIiti..,~ I J·.nD" A'll1I"A-lI"'V' m' In'II"'n,I[·'O' 'liT D' i'iIi y:' ftll'11 J~O~'CJt! 't·oo····?

,tJUcl. _fUJe 1IIiiP'''~.l,' : ._._V.~l &Ir - - ·0 !II .. ·ul . uu [ .,' ·8; f.' . I . .' •

Sa'yami: y es, I often, de,

chipimaBu, C,e'b,ip,u) k,ukaoJi'u

TOkyo DeaD d,e IOzaimastl

d,e IOza.imaau ah6sh'o

ft'ii!!Ir!IIililliHlil'l!i'L.,; : .... ,A,. . aai

u .. _~: ... , .IIIJIU '~_;

That"s. 'WI"OiH-K I' :switcblloaro operater 'T11is is.. T'okyo Electric" '(polil:e word 'for desl .) ,3, mom,e'nt

Plel'se wait.~

wai.t

jOg'

" Iii I'"

'mac 'una •• lmetau"

)0.'11 0 i.ill,i •• B'a,

,.' . ') 1u.!OJiD.IU 0 Bura:r

Qmz

"I: _,:.'

. "I·:'

" L_

. -,

• • ~ m .r!I

I Read this, lesson 's opening dialogue and answer the :foillowing questions. 1 ~ Dar'C.1Il Sumisu~sa ',1,0 IIchi, nl ,d,enWB 0 Shinlallhi,ta ka,

2~ SumiS,U41'D ,aD! lo-Sh'ujiD \Va g,Chi oi imBllhilta ka, imasend,esbltLB ka, ,3,. S'ul1liau-saa :&0 IO-.h'ujin, ,,-:a DaDiiij,i 10m uc:bi, nil ,kaeri'Dl8a,g ka,

4'j Ka"D-Iaa W8 ';~ ,fa 8,t.o Idle, :S,umia,g-UD iii deD_a, 10' 1~·hi.88a k . ',.

1-'1"" Com P'I,' ete th 1<£.'1: '(I" UI: estions s .0: ti":hat they::~ . '~~it'-, the an swers

vu ... ~ .. ~ .. ~ . a _, '[I&~ .. _, .. ~_ ... _ _ .. - II ii. , UI. _ ~'"I . .lID.

, ,

1 KiD"!iI, -,'" (,

• . " [1 !

_ '.' '~'-, 0 ' .

) 'II- 'kits k

0- al ~'1ID8- , "~:, cd. ''iii,: .,.. "'B'

'. g~~ .__ _ ~~ ~ . '.. [ . 'rl

'T' '1:iCf. ',;8' '''''''11 '0-: kak.;:"'Ga'b~ta-:,

, ..,.,II' :&.1111'" . :.__~ ........ 'ill ,. III'

(

)1 'n' I'll, ':"":'0.- .. ~ .. al!lII'bl·'~\~ ka··_, _ ,

, • "iIi.I.I.lIMCII\ II.CI, , , II!

Haha iii kakim_bit8~

2:,,. Ba:yuhi,~I&D, 'ws, « ) ai Kuikul- oj "~ _ '_0 jll!sho, 0 kikimaah:it- kB.,

Y-nw:.';rt··o·~· -CIa'''' DJ"_ :"1 'kiki'mallli-ll'"t"a

'UP .... , ..... ~ ~_.\ ... I ""-. '_ u. ,-.',.

&2 LESSON 12

3 I ). ,."', K~.' .~·:o 'ao Sb.isba ai, dea.wa 0 :shimashita ka,

[ .. ~,. ~.,-

S; :Il~,: :[ ... ·11 18. _Jlm.ihi;ta.

'J' 'n° .-, C·-:"'-·:I .. j,1.._ .-. set ·--···~··--d··· "'l~ "'1l. .. h.".:t: . '. J:- ..... ·=-·"h·- ",.'.;

. [,I.rcll.e UlC correc,_ W[Of'· 0 U:le: ioWa m. pa'-,., . reI' b .. ! ese.s;;

, .

1[.. Y[ok,g. k:oa,o .resut-Ofau, Di kimasu :ka~ ,lB' ·.·I!II!:·. ',Ii-:~"·e- . .')'.· •. a·ma.: ;,: ·r·tlo (.~":'~;t'n .. ' :.a- .. a-I'-··II· .! k·-~.·~I··ma·:-'~A'D- 'rt,'

,-------1. . '" _'" .. ' .A-I",~'M, .-.~~ .,.

2,. Yoku ter-e-j 0 ·(.miID·al,II, mi,1D8aea,) '0[. (H, "*. I'~,e); ZeDZeD CJ·mimasu., mim--[ea).[

a.t. [¥lamada,·sBD,·" [broka,. .. raa;ri)1 ·to·m.od.dJi :.·1 de:a,wa 0 ahi.masL

4 .. :8umiBu4M. wa. yak'u ,denall[. de .~bim.h.n 0 C·,·omilD·UU, yomi'lII8Jsen:t gil, Karika~D '.·R zelllCn :(,o.mima811. ,.mi~maseD)I.

IV' Put the ,appr·o1priatl!: partides in ·tb~e.: pare'n'theses~ (If a parti,cle ['s 'not required, put ,8n ,X in the. pare·ntbeses,.: .

1. Srumisu",saa .[8 Bayashi~BIUI. ( ') deBV/[. 0: ·.·b.imashita •.

2~ Doko, I( ) ·dea:wa Oi :rlbimBSU ·k ••

G·akk6 ai. !Bhim.Sd[~

a ·Y:o:ku.·( :) dar.e· t

l(amku te ahimasQ,.

4[", TuakaSIID wa Howaita-saD. (

.agO ( , losbiellUl8bita,~

5~. M[oBbi :mo.ahl, :S'uml- .'. deslu Ie ka~

):., ·O.W'ashiwSB'D ~.

_~ "'~~ll- . 1J

"Vi 'T~:"~': ,,,,,,t .. , te ii, ite J:"':' ..... [; ',' c.

, . _ ran, •• _ ' .. - lUI. - -_. ,apanese.~.

'1 'H-"'IL' '1" lh--~' ·t(b··· 'T-"-' . aka - - idi!--· .... '11\1

-= e· ~1. ·s· 11 IS . e' -' '!!!Ilnl.· I '. - rei' :Ii!!" ~n'c~~,r

~_:_!!Il [__ :__.' ~'iI! .. ,- - . -~' I L, !~llJ.~ " .~~ . Dl .:-' ~ ~ ~~J

2. This; :i8 T'anlika of' TokYO, :Electric!F Is M·r.~ Ha,yashi there·?

3 1-1'1- . __ 11 "" 1-

'_ ~ I. ... : '~II, ,agaJD .m'ter.,

4~ '1.aSked :Mr';I 'Cark. for his office [tel~phone: number,

5.. Mr;; Clark doean."t. write letters to his :fri,eoos 'very ·often. but 'Mia ·White· does; (wriite often).

,nil iii'" InQ: -,:u:Ur' ii'''-

LE' '-·""8'-·'" S::-:·'·O;-'N-:··· .

: .1.- '" _ .: ,,", ' . _: ".

, .,..... .. "_". "_ "'~'.' :_ .... > "

t: ..Jl;, ~. L·1

";·;.iii.A., • . ,..., j.., I -:

:,.:d,. - ,'ll r ,~"/;,' - ~,

'I;' tJ,.. '1:-··''''''r:-I;· \

~. \ ~ I~ ,:, -,'- Ii 1 _.

\i ,_ '- '."" ,Gi!

~' .... ' f·,' ,!., ~ Ju.:' 'Ci) . .'" .,",

I -I· ..

~~' .' "-_ .. _ ~. : .

1: . .M'ii fJ' ~ ~ ~', ~>"" .~: .. ' ,r'--·

,,.. ~~ ,I:' ''\. :?'",,'. .- "'1, - I .

,' .... ' Q!I, "- ~,~ ~ '" : !.-, - '0

" ~ A : ,~~~, ;h: \ '\ l :\, '\~T,c' ,t~ 'tt ~ :fJ"\ : 17 1; .1 i

. + ..... ,", - -,- ~

I." ~, c"': " '~, '0

:11 A .~ A ,~ ~ t:1 t= ~~ ~, :~ Iv (l) '; 1; '1:~ ::!i tt \' \' ~~ ~'': ~ ,i Iv IrJ) I}; 1)'" IL ~ t:,~,:fL~o f)~.,e' \'\~,~f~\ crJ,N,'£'lt:,o

,S'lumilu:'

Ta' - ·'n~· a"~;"'-' ~

.. __ .. lLIIlll

Ar:,d·t·Q !.2a'im8.,u",

, .,.... I.Vi ..

'Oiilkashi, 'wa ika_'I~dclg ka,

HBi· :ita,dakimastl. Kirelna ~,kuhi deaD ne, :NmOD, 11,0 ,I)!!,kashi desu

-------., ------ ---_._---_._--- _._------"--_. - --- ----_- --- --- - .. -. _ .... - - - _.

I,p ..... "'I

Tianaka: Ee,:86 desa, DUzo, meshia;gll'.tte :ku'dasa'ii! S,'umls'u~: T~o:tem,o nja,kii, dMu~

Tanaka,: O·cb:- 0 mil 'Ian.'; ikarm, 411"95_.:" :Sumisu:: lie, mo :k,ekk6 desUj,

• :Sumi!lu~n, wa Taaakailisan DO uehl de ki'feina NihoD DO, ~:karlhi, 0 tab,e'ma.llila· .O··"III!I!I'Ij.'~ii1Ii' '0'" liI~ ~ .. p. :8' ,:iI . 1:- . - , !llii'- -: .. - :h· ""la' - ..

, .. _ _ __ . ~ - ",,101: I, __ .1 aomlm.. :.1_. ,_

TanLaka: ·Sm-··-·:~t;'h- "

, . _, l ~.i ,il!!

Tanaka: ,Smj,t'h,:

Tanaka:

_ g__:_M'_i __ a~

S'II'ft.-'11 ~t;-h: ~.

_ ,'IJIL'J!!I _':_ __ ~

94,

Do, have :8ome tea, Tba'n'k y()U~

W'm· .: y., eu hi- q,'tt-oiQ. '-"i cake

. ~ . __ ' '. ,,~_ "_.".'L, a [~' ... !11

'Y·~··~·e'9 '1'*..0111 tjAtlPO, one 'Wba·t t"It'lethf cak'csT Ar,e thew Japanese lcakes'

" ... ~lj ,~U J.Vl'f~ U· _!lil!iM! _,J,: _~ __ _: ,_' ~!_ ,_·.:'l~~' I.~ __ ._I'·f'~·' .~J 'I'_ : . :'. ;J __ ._ I.' ., " ','-.' _~ _.' . .....:..l~J

Yes, the,. are, Please, h,e,lp YOrUl'Se'li', Tbey are de1'ici'ous",

T'amab:: Will y:ou. have not ·er· [cup· ·o:ftea?'

S·mi't·h:: Nlo I(:thl'nk ·Y·Or1l:)I •. That ·wag. eR(JU!gh!,

4~J.. L n ",'"

l ., ,J;.',')',( ...,.: .. ~ ~'\ :w I,M Zi- ~'tl

o-:k.asbi

;i'!!, .... ;11 .... p ~dJl,~

\ 'fJ' ''1).,( ita, II

\ \ .f:.. t:, ! ! Y (\ ~ ft .. r: <) it ada Id mas U (:titad"l('U.) ~: tt \ '[ ('l~,)

~ L il'i),f ? '1: ,( t;: ~ ~ \ meuial8:t'te kuda-, ti

t~ t,

to t,e mu aidlil 'mil

, ....

how

e'3,t. {'poU'te' 'w(),rd flOr ta'bemasuJ: :plretty~ clean (~na ,adj .. ,)

Please eatlhave ·(some.')

very ·(.See: ,A'ppendix: J~)'

~ • Jr'

,Iood~ 'ta'st.Y(iii ladi;~)

m<Q'fl'ililii ("'!!Iin~t'h-: ,pr')

_. _ .:., .. I~ ,:.l~_~y._~. ~~t;I_."

~'. .~,

'iIIDftAiII ,1II'r,r-~'

'l!!'rla;_'L-'l.~ ..... ';, D .. ." ~iUa. ~ -....-;1

'II" - k 1, .. li .. _ d

'- '--_ '-nO - -- . .De . DIu ._ .. ·!~to· .. ': :",.- eau

.1 cu.pful

'(ootmter~ See ,A:ppendix.l .. ')1 ~~Ig., .. ~'~lftk, xo~l,~ ~t 9l8,s, lengygb.,

'G::I:R' ~ .• ~.".'''' AR' ,'.' V·,·:.'

'_ .. , ',' ··41 __ .la:&.n.~,· .

1 A',' ·DJI ~C· ')T"'(VE' ' .. , Ie" + . ,.,R1I'I'n

J!il , ..... - :E;., ,'l IJ • I .',";VY I I

2' noun 'I1IIiiJ!'a;- ···OJ·J· -,"'T" '1V",·Ii:" ,d'~ ~U':I

'_ iIIl ['_mV,._' I ,I ",i~ . ~._':"" [~"_ .1,1 " ~ .~- __ ~!ii;II'_'_

Il!l ... ,~. ,. k' ,"" .

'yumeuta ' ·)OeR

b~g par" 'kl

,'I -,' .1' :

I,. ' .... _. _:_

1 -M:--od·,"-'i~;<"-- N"" -,-- ',. A.;i,i,t'" ,,.'. + N···" ,'" - _~ L c._.:. ~.l."Ul,1 ..... OODS·~ ,.f'l.Ujecilv,e. .... ,.. QUD

A~ -a8, a'UJi.

~ 'd"~

'!!III a~J!i!

f 'k ' amous pa'r:L

,

:1

~ ad"iili

,.iII ,.. 'I'.

'A ,- ' .. ~.:,'I.

6Ydes.

adj.

iII' .... ·'la.· ,

&aU ~

, " . ,. '1 - ....

I akJk,RDB'I, des,u [. 6:kikatl.a. dBa, i

I

, ,

" ,eun.eI deshita. : yumei d •• il, _ ..

arl .... aIlI!J.Aft·· [ AiIlI:L,~ta" -. "'IIU~~ ••. : __ Q_II~ _. _.

;rl'!'D' ,Ii, ".11,.' ,A 'Q, V.. '9" . E, u~:~~-"" !_:.'U

. . -:hl' '.. ed'iO, 1 d-· ''1..-

• Japane'ie ,adjectives lean, either modi..:,· nouns by '1mm ~:":,late y precec lng tuclll. or

act. as p,redlcatea~, In tbis they resem ble Eftllish~

There are 't\VOI kinds of adjectives: ~i adj:iectives and ~D . adjec.tives,. 'Unlike,

V·n...,11~,. h 'd' """ ". ''':''''11 .' J"-' -'.-::- ,- .' .'.', '. ad .. :~.~ .... :ti-'';;'-- ,'-' " ,- ·'nfl',-,: c .. cted ", . h:· ----: .. ·L,A. '_ .~',~: ... "", --. -1-

~~I:i.l. a·.JecJ ...... es, _ ap'lDese ::'" JlecJ- [Ves are J -. ec .. ,·U as 91 ,! own. aIDUV~ .• , JC,lr~ner -

'M"I,"I~ ,.. tak'· th'l f'" 2~"'!! the 2' + ...I - - ...._ .. ,~jj. --

or ~ _:: . ~ectl,yeS can -'~_re ' . ae 'p: ace; 0< noun ;-, m I' .':; n.oun:<-· ula I: ICQDSL',u'~~10n,

~ 'Ii, G'" I:

gIVlen, 'ID .·.·.:f,amm.ar , .~

L :D&zQ,.

·D6zo·, "please (.8ic'ceptl'dol. ,., is used 'whe-n makl'n,g an offer to someone or when, beggin.g their kindness and oOnl,ideration"

2., ·11la:. des. 'ka.,

A· .. - .1r,·:te-· - ---- .. --. ""f' . I .'--! '. n.=. d'~ 1-- -- ka 1''''". t':H--···· ,~.,. '"It''~ill' T'-~b' ... , '. - '.' .' ~ . _A, - .. - ....... ~

poll .·r way 0, SlytDg .uv ~ esu _ ~ _ -i' "I... - ·OW IS· I ,'''' _: . : 11:8 prase 18 'W ,,~D USeu

when offe"'ftft' .'h,:nrr;s 'like '~O'od'I' ,- ;oo;,,,,,~ d-:-!_il... m e an ' ,·in« ~;liWnU-ll' d 'VIO-:'U like IO"'n'jjI;!!l"n' n:¥"

. , . _. '. , ....• _.&& 1.4!U.I'5. _' '... 1,11 ,.. ,_R.I. [ __ ruJ.IIL, ,[ ,. ,., ''-~ " , u, . ,~' .. ' ,1A"IiOi, . _'- ",",'i!!' U:;Io.

··;~·H··· AW' abou I It'· '8O'm-'- e' '~I" It' #"!ian'" be .... ,;00 ...... ..::111 .'mil, a. '1:'J'-i!'lIl'" -hr' of·~-' e!!)';;',,"iU4ll,"':OO '. L 'ftUi!!1 wL.. ...... ft .

u.· "' .\ ". ,~c >" ',I; .. '~ ~ .... -, .: e usea ,:. '.~.;I;e.,~,J' ,', ..,I.w .diLl .I~S~ :suCJlIJ. as ·,'U.c:.II, eo-

quirin!Qt about ,a, perscn's preferences lor circumstances, 'when asJdftq"' wbether

.. '_ - D. - ~ .' - . ~ .. - - _'. - . . ., . ~. I.. - - t . - I .' -:JI _ _ _. I· • __ -. ~ :1Ii='_I" "_r.. _' __ "

t-he TlAYSOD is free to do so,m~:leth:in--:-['D' [(Lee-'88oB 18)'" or h~1 s·ta· ite ·of[ b,A91th "Le' . sson

'.~. _" JI~I!.r~ . ..::__.__: . __ . _ ,,_,._' ., .. - . '.' .-. ,~ ... .__:. -.~ ~_ 'e,' _' .' . '- .. _', I •. ,..:....__ _::.( •.. , • ....:. .• 1 _' l,: __ '_: ,- .~:_:._,_I_ "( '.' "DG.· ...

,2·2·)~.

Q Ita· -da'I-'k'l ._--.--

'~I' .. '. !_:___ ~~lm.~ a,~

A I'Wll"t":e -q' wvalent··· of' ta'·· Jbemasu' "I eat ,.; and moralmasu "I receive, U Said

I, y,, __ ,1 .:.=_:. ~ .. ~I " e ."._ '__'~ .-. __ ,.1.,. ~ ~._ .. '1 .'_': .. I_r~, _'.~ .. ,'- ·, :IP ~ .. '" ,.ll

'L,. . ·.!l!!'lik~ .. .' , - ·t··h·· -, tha it i - ft-·:· .. - d '!! . 'I'" - - ·l.._,th'·-l . . - .. - -·ta-" .' . d z - ;':'·tu·d" .'

Wlie'D. lUJ,ilo'g somet 109 ,II-, IS 0,: ere" :~, lmp_ym .• luo[~ .:. accep ance ane grantue e,

J, .. -, . - -;-. - - -. It;;' - _. ...., - -. "::-. - '" _ apanese 'mea: 'Ime coavennons;

Before - ,6-!!!i;'ti~'ng!l 11",-·.I·-'kt,~e,.aU·1 HI 0'1"8- tefu . '--'I'ly' .... n 'liEii-n· ..... e.-· :P'iI!'

.~111 ... _.,,' ~ . "I,: .... ~ 'LaUa., ,·,Iu:.aaa ... . .e.-4_'-,1j., '.' .VCU ~'.,

A A __ e "ill3iti:n- ,a'"' ·C·· ·ft.Abi- ·,!Ii'a~a,a,·m- -'a- ""i~''''-k''-' ynu f'o': r a' lo ,·V, ..... ,'v m ie ·.1- jllj' (··I·"I·~t·, "If It '!IIIJ!;~a: ;n·iIi .

..n.JIILCE .'- a -.1. '-'DEliI :_.'U'; - - "Uf!Uft~ __ II .111iU1·._ v __ .. --',I .. I ...... ~I ,. J' _-.' .. III .• - •• -_ iii .. ,'n"G.i3.!!I

deed' . e: ast 'I"

'. ·a ,I,e~;;F .'

.... H''',e'' ftiIIIJO-' , k-, ek··I·'kL ... a.. d·-·e'iIil!i'."·'-

'I'" .. __ '," Ji,.a..':! . ",' "U ',_ -:D ,'.

T·· -. b" .. 'I:~"" --", . "f' . fu - .~. . . . -. ,. ·,th'" c-~'..r . ..;1 K-" 'ill'";k' . ,_ .-. 4, •. """,""""..:I f":· '-.'

,'. ie ponte Vlay -0,,' remsmg some __ 1DI enerec, . :-,eAO means gooa, me,

S· '''';lAft'd:-'~'d' n M' 'o~ .~. thi ,', .... , '.' '. ' ... " , .' . '., ,i;li:. '1- " ",",..1\. 'I:. 'T' ··h'-·· .... ,. ,,' .- _·;·· .. 0·C' k ,·k·iI ... A ·d· .aG'g" Im -

,. r' ~;IAI .. 1 . ,I' ". _ ~'10, .' IS case. mean!s areau.y, " ;, e· erxpreSSt., .D., . e. -'AU "~' ... , .. _ .. ~.

'-, "',6i!!!. 'I~I"" aU . ii'ah-··t" iIJi!il! 1-:' . ,,' - -, •• U1L.,"""'t I'" -- 'h-ad' -. ". 6-" -. -. I·t -. C'" ntiall!... lit

'Pl 'I~,. ' .. , am, ' .~ _ nD : :. a.a .:. am; or,', .llIa _ ve ,_;': ..:I.was . Jne" was eDcY~,I,lI.,!!!

.. ,5.

Whe:nt one wan.ts. to Im.ow' more' a.bour.t things,., people 'Olr p'~ace,s~, one uses don'Da, + :noun.~. Answers can 'be given in various waf8~

Q '0- . hi be _.L.'i'· k U'Wb k!: ..... ~1 f __ 11., d- OJ'd' I'.,. ) t;;"

&& :: -,OD'aB 0 'asl '=1. 0 ta ;';', ,ms"·lta. : a, -' - . '_;rat:I~'ulu, 0.1" ~es~ ,1- UOU~I ,ea'f ".

AI'" j Oi: "'iIIla'LuIUi 0' 11.,;Iiii,: - .. o .:'. ta·L·~m' -.- 'Q.L·~ita:·· ~"('I)' ba d I,C!JAm- -, All d el ieious cak . es :iiI':!I;

___ '_ if .. ~' " ,a~D· , .. _ ~"AIIl _ ~'. ~ . ,UIj., .._ ~.1U1 _. iI ' ... '_': I~". ~r ~ "qui ,~._.,." 'liP __ I _':1 . ",- .. ~ .. - __ " -~ II!

A2:.: Jarema okasbi ·0 tabemu:hita,. '·'(1) ate l(some,) p:re:tty cakes~" AS.: NiIloD. DO Otkaabi 101 'ta'bemasbirta. ~;":,(I) ate Japanese: ca.kes~;'1 ,A4: 'K',a' ~·Id. 0 'iB bemasib ita., ··'(1)1 ate ,oookie"! .• '.

196' .... '11' 'rD'-- - .'-:-" -. -

.'.... ~SSON 13;

PiRA·: ."" ·C···~T··:-I'C··E:··!

I" "I .". '. • ']' '. ~" ,J. ' • 1

:KEY SE~NTEN'C:ES~---~~~~----~"""""""'~"""""""'~""""

'1 K~?'Oi' ·.'D··O.··· nD~' '1" '·0", '&ria· I. to· ,.·,t: 'e' ·m· ,. '0>. O::'I;!!"c ·~I·I"· d· '.: ' .. U'

iIIl ,~ , _ 'j _,' 1 " . f. • ... 1.,.. .' - .. _ .1.1 . J • '. _ '_ ~ iii

2_· A '.' .. Iii h' ik·' ,Ii dl

i' ",D'D rmla, WB aman.'o,.~· ~lIalll', e.u,iIi

3~1 IlW,.:taabi wa.~ Oishii, :ria,1I0 0 'ta:bemash"ta. ,4·", Kone 'hiey. WH. shizaka dea,u,~.

5'iil ,Ano, hey'. 'w' •• ,hiz,aka de'wa ;ari'ma'sea '.

611 [W,ataBbi w,.· I S,hiz'u'kaDa he·,.a de' beD.k,y6 0 :shimalu,.

'1., This, apple is, v'ery good.,

2, .. 'That apple doesn't taste very' good. ,S:,., I at,e, some r ,elicious app,les~,

4,., 'This room, ls quiet",

5., That room Is noil quiet .. 6;, :1: study in a, quiet 'room .. ,

" .'J

&mart ~, Ii '.' -DM,·'ID8ReD,

- - . - - - -

EXERCISES'---_",~"""_---------"""""""",-------""""",,,,~~~I .,~ adjecti': e: M,en1orize the :foDowing', -:i ,adie~c_··j)rvCI\.,

Ale. ~~..::II'~~e·'" n- .... .aO.·.t··· F: '. ~·m·.·.

]iii r ,I [ICJ~ILIUi.i4ia.I!.! .. [I! C:(lCtl~ : __ VA . =

M - .. iufviimlg .. '. N, ,';-jl'fdI1ift

. .""'- "'~'~,.. ' ~I&U

,kH"d .• tak:-"~i defAt

big' ex,..:pensive good

Dew~, fresh . ,small

cheap'

bad

'.'

old,

intel'le8lnQg difficUl.t 'far

' ..... d - - .·"\·····u'

, J "I, - I,

iii. IF. d'

C __ 11181 e ••

y;alai dellu warui,desu

fum. d,.u·:': 'OIDOIbiro,i dua lDuzukuhii deau 'mi. de.

geed, tasty' 1 'Disltii ,deall

'busy :iso_bfi desu

k:'L..1 -'liiilifti . ' ..11_-'. '.' ·UL..u: I, u.s.a

...... ,1· .... ' I'd

.... ~., -., __ .- ,-::--11.

'fO~1ID'-·, d:--u/'

-. ._- c:-L.,::ilp.'illiift8l~ . ea. " !II_KUDIA, ... : .. "_.:_,~' .'

_LIlli k ., d ~U __ ~_'~U.81 '. "u

J8.'ukUllai ,dea.,

.aruk,aoai desa, farakllDai. ,des •. 'omoshiro,kunai (lesa

_,. .. ,oiiiiiooi.;I1 ... __ ,'" 'l!!ik: "U1D-'~ d"'iI'II 1II~!II.!ft.IIIJU· ... ,~w': ",g,IM,

'tilkUllai .,eau Ioishik'anai desa Iso' . L.nl.. . - ai' d' .

: •· .. ·' .... WAU!II,:: I.:.,eaa.

iii!

U

a taraBII H. C,biilai,

Ii;

y:88l0

w8I1I'i

fund

.

-

bind· IOmos

'_' -- . -'

mazukubii t,II,

Diu.,

E.XJ::' . m:··CISES"'C '.' . :,,: '9:'·7:'

" '... -. ~." _.:.

t8lullllarana~ku'nai deau. yasashik" oBi de_

:'L~'Iii .. ,_II", I d'

CJlli.ft"~1UIaII au.

I easy near

.. Al'l ;;0' 'fI' ected form ... II<!!! of "I1~ C'n . e' f "om' t" he 'l~ ad-,~ ect ive VA ~ whi C . also m· ea~' C' 'nQ ij: iii 0'- ..... ...1 n

,,' ;1' ,~""".~UI. .·-;:,:_~,V:_.·_'_ come :.fi.·il .L.:':, -:I_',"~c',l "-..i'uli, ',' nc .. _;g.' ._.I,.lo_,.IIi,~ ,filYOU.· •

• : III Not used. for peopile ..

I Practice the following 'pa;. terns 'by changing the underlined parts in the: ex amples given ..

A .. a'. KIOD'O ka'mera 'wa ,uk[, d"- IU~ ,A:n.o kamer,s 'wa, chii.sai d.esu.

L kiOBO karama, ano k:uruma (Ii kene t.'ma~o a no ·ta;mAHd'o

ilL , __ - ... e 'I .. - - - -.1 .

K[ODO raj:l.o ·w. ,takai ,deau.

A It I, I d

'dO rBllO w'. ',aIUI"- esu ..

'1 .. krODrO tokei" ano to,kei 2" ,pt,tI'ilk'II., ,torin-Dc.'u.

c .. , lex. :Krore 'we, ,atara:sbii acid desu ... ,

A· .1:.. ... , 101 hi d

. 're wa 'I,UruS, 'ae 1 __ esU~

B'

. '.~ l

.... a.

'I. 'terem 2li SllkaJlB ·3t yasai

II M:ak,e dialogues by' changing the underlined part as in the examples given,

A~ ex. Q: N'jhon,,,~ WIB Y·.8as·h·o deBu, ka,,, A,s: Rai\.,asa.lib:ii d.esu ..

As:: lie;1 ya&llahikun,ai, deaD."

i, muzuk_.B.hij

,2,. omoS,h·iro.i

-

Aa: Ile, a'ma'ri rom.os ·i'rOkunai. d,e8u.~,

1, takll

21 li

C~ IS. Q:: Kore' .-.'8 .ii. ho~_, d,: 'u ka.,

'~'-I 'R' '"i j,-;Jo"mD ii t... ...... , ... d' ..... J"UI. , JIII,'II roo~.·_ " .. IlIU.lI, .. ' _ eliD"

An: lie,l amari. Ii 'h-OD dew ". arima-d ..

~,

l~ omo8h'iroi 2. m,uzakasltn,

'D[" ex. Q: K6en. VIa, 'kloka kara ·toi. dreau ka,

A Jj~ . ii, d C' "'1 ... ,_· ..iii

__ .: ,.~ e, 1:6, :'UD,aI,' _1e811~·~~,·I"'l ue811'i!l'

leW' 'balu:~.P.oriha.

IV--:-':-:' d- ,I " M: ' ~ he f 111 ~ d I' ii'

,,',' '~D8, ,B:_:_J,ective: !:,' emonze tt e iO'llClW1ng -D:a~ ,a" ·Je~tirves~ _,

'pr,etiy:" clean quiet famoas

'ldn,d, be'lpUd free

k'lo .. d' i!

' ....... - e''BiP'8 ....... uilil!i';Aft :La ~A _ .i_.""', __ !1;g,g .. saa!Ii\U,

ahizuka d' ~

I, ~,c- ,8--- !iiiiira, 'iIlIi,~'i'I'IIIi_ii!li"', ,,0; ,

, . a.s'~

'M'" '---"oo-ify' - " 'N"" ,

I, .' .' I. !' ' ., I '

,~ >, Iftg ,_c .. 000

- !II'

'U, em.,

shiur_tl:'U.D8

bim_1Ula

:oigiyakana beDriaa ,geakiRa

V Practice the 'foUorwing patterns 'by changing the underlined, parts as in. "the examples ,gi:v.en,.,

A .. ex; :KODO bana, 'wa kiref, desn, L H,owaito-sam,

2.. anD :10,_, 'ed

,8,. re%~ 'KOBO - aid,o:koror W8 beari desu., I, kono kameTa

2 T' o','L'·u ' n'o "h' i!!ka' " t ...... iClHiI'iII

. !Ill ~.ftJ . .:__· '_~_'.~.: e." =' -, I: .. c.~~g'.

A .... Pred 'i, ,'t, '". "Pr,,' :,~, '," 't, P" '-'-' ,.rn.tii' "Ie ,lea, e. , ese~n a, " arm,

VI"R'Ii,~ d, IA,.'.- I -'-jm'aBeD , ~~-.& ,~,,-. ....'__ ' .' J

,ldasetau d,ew~a arimasen hi:ma d,ewa arimlsea nJ8i.yaka, d,ew,. arimaled, benr,i, dewa arimasen genki ,de .. anBl- [sen

c~ ex: 'W'a'lashi,~t.e_ ~Ii WB, kinina :lreslltoran d ~-: sho:k,ujii 0 ilh'imasblta ... , 1" eizu'kana,

2 'yUmeina,

1. i :8hlosetsQ,

B~ ft. Q: ,Are W8 yumldna, resumran de8lu ka,

--

,As:: Hal" totem,1) 'YOm,daa, r~es._ ',t,or,Ba desu"

An: Iie, ,aman yftmeina NB;u,toran d,ewa ,&rimaseD,,,

, -

I,. kireina,

2. shizuana

c. U~, Q:: mAuI,w 'wa]1 ,Aabita :hbua dea:u ka,

A: lie'" hima, dew,. 8ri,m,asen~ 1'IlU,p~-h'ii d;el'll~

VI Ma.kle dialogues biy ,changing' the underlined part, as in tbe examples given,

A,., ex. Q:: Ta~nak.,·,san wa :lIeokl delB, ka,!!

A- R' ~ ki d

_ _ .:! 0; '- geD~I," ,.a,1

A' I 'I- - d- --'b1: d .' ,'"'' - ~ - tJ" ,Je, 8enlUl I .",e:wa :a.nmaSeD.

, -

'1'" 1 lye:y

converdenJt bean, dee.u, well~ 'heal,thy _10 ,des-g,

II' _bita 'no ,IQIO

2;) raillb:u, Dill kiD·'Y1obi,

01,. ex: Q,: Tloky6 Ho,ten, 'W'8, donn:' ! brotel'U. d.eau ka'!i A:: ,A.tar,aun hoten. Ide8u~

I,~ (i·ki-i

ill n'Lt Ita

~\~ :.IZU_~· __ :nll,

:E,~ es: Q:: :a:a:ya:ibi'481l w!. d!Q,D'na, '_ ,ito deau k~_~, A,:: Slbm,setsuna, hi'm . '._,esu~

1.~ Ont'oshiroi,

,Z~ ,leR'kina,

ta.mqo takai

.

-

.... L.i!; . Ii

.8,taaul·tac_ .1

~t8cbi

,eg'l

expensiv',e (,~:i, ad" .') cheap I(~ adji .') beef'

chicken meat

new~ fresh (,.,i a~j.,)

old,. not fresh (~i adj .. ) ve:geta'b~e

,eas" (-I, adji ~ l

d]fficui,t, ( .. j adj.)

:jnt.eresti~ll( ~i, ,midj.)' park

lconvenient ('-d8 ad,j,.)i

. ;h'iusets'uma, :himaaa isopshU. Tokyo H,oteru

do':nia

aho:kuji 0 ,sbimasiD ,(:slok'uji 0 8U:ru) ,sbo:kuji

:ydmeiaa

denkina

,115,

gyi-'Diku

iI! ,_,,!I ...

't,on'-JliKu

8'iar,u,ldi

f I~

.l'lI'l

yasai yas.aahii

k ' ...... ;0;

:muzu 8SoU

om 0 sb,Q-;o i klOeD 'benrin,a

'we

(plural, s:uffix for peo:pie)1

have a meal

m,eaID,

famous ("'U8, adj~)

weU, hea.'lthy ("118 ,a.dj~) kind, h,elp,ful (-:oa adj.> free I(~na ad] .,)

busly (,-,i ;adj ,~)

Tokyo Hotel

what kind lOll

L T'-IiLaka': 8, ,.i- q'~IIUlji o-leD'k:i, desu kal

S ~_miBIl: :Ee':t aripto 10I8i_8(_'.,I, G'enki d1es'U,.,

Ta rn:·a·· k'·: a ,.

:ll' " _ '_.I(I

Ho,w are ',OU'II ,Mr .. Sm:ith? F'ine:t 't'hamk you .. ,

S ;'[h"

~ .. . .

:ml- .1.

------.

2:,., TlIJt:llka: Kyi, 'W8 U t,enki del. n' e, , Sum.ilu:, Ie, hon,tiJ n'i ii teDkI dalu,: I,e", Tan,aka:, Kyi 'W. :iso,ps:hU desu b.,

S'umisD': Ile, am-ad iso,pskikunai des"" ..

Tanaka:

Smith:

Tilna,kil:

Smith::

It's ,9 fi'ne day 'tICJd,ay~ isn't it? Yes, it. really is. IG¥cly wea the. r .' (Are' roll" bus;y today?

No, (I"m) not so busy 1I

'1:' OO~· .c:. ..-. . ,. .

, .... '. LESSON 1:3

'Su,misu::

T,aoaka:,

S ,.. b t 'k ~'h'k .a. ,",!ii' d' - - 'k -

_ UDI'IS'a-san no ue ' ), wa ,"alll ,:1, , . 8'r,. I,n .... esu ,_'~a ~

II. t· ~ 'k-' - - - .. ,~ A .. -, 'C' :h'lik"~ A .. , c L!ik~ . t· et - .. d-- 'C' ,~-,. . d1i'li;'" '" d" ,. I

11;~ . jll_IiI,Ra'llll,esu'l ~. I. ·'al, 'Q,eSUi . ,,11111_ ~·B, ~e _'811 '. ·~e ~p1U8 ,It.tal, . ,e8U!Il

C.:o. ld" ~·u;, '111 .. :_ , ~~"'_-:n·i;, de'--iii:I!iII,'1, n~,e~"11i

au . J~. 1LiI!I J:JCi'-1. ~M _

3~ Tanaka:,

T-- '!!'iIilfta: 111\0. ',!i:II,~' ~l. ·[I\al.'

'Is you'r house 'fa'f' "fftlm Y'01!Jlt' of:fice·?'

'No~ 1:[ iln~t,. It's 'Ilear by, It's iBJ.OOilllt ,2,0 mlD:l!lites by s:l.l,bway·"

I see", How c'Onvenlen~"

S·· " ~ . ·:t-·· .... ·,• . "m] Jill.,.

T ~ anaka:

4", Hio'wailu: :K.ok"o wa sllizuklD-., 'k6en deso ae,

Y,lmad.; :Ee, lo,k,iii kl ya :kirei'RII, hailUI, 1ft ·tak'lIsan arimasu, De .. , H,ow-.i'~ e- sall, wa ,I)ku,

k,6eJ\ ai, :ikimuu ka'I'

E ,Iii ~ 'h~' 'j! .. 1...'" c a ~ a ;I.,ft,k Id' ok oil - Ii"ib'I' Iii'IIIO #'j:hl"'ka'ku D'O k~ A_n n';; :'j"'~'m' a~'u~-

. ~l,e~; 'ole 1 . I-YOu., '00_ s: _ I,,~,~' <Ii : !.," :1 'UJ ... " ~, :.ll :. ~',. .'. _ ,', .'. . . ~" _!U~"~ ~lL~ iii,"";'': .. ; '" '"

Wllit~,; Thi S lS, a quile{ park ~ isn tit?

Y'a,mada':: Y·ltS,., There are' lots of big' trees amd. beautiwi~, Oowem (etc;o,)", aren'~t 'there? Do 'you. ,10 to parks ioftel1.'?

Wh'ite: II' 'y'es,~, Ilome.time\S1 go to the' park near my heuse Oil Sunday 'mom.ins,

teI1!ki, wea.~her

hOlllo'lli runy." ttlil,'

2:.p_o jU'r,ai abeat 20 :m'inutes (,for' ,a.hout ,201 m'inutes.)1

lurai. about, ,approxima'tel,y

'.11.,:.,,1;

.ft. , triee

Q- VI" Z··'··

- .... ' '.' _: "

I: ,Read. this lesson's opening dialogu,e and answer 'the foU,owing questions. 'I ,j S'umisll~sa'n w. I~kas'b:i 0 talbemasbi:ta ka,

,2:,~ S'ami,su~88n wa Id.o'k,o no ICPkas:hi. 01 tabemasbita ka, 3,~ S,u:mis,.,·san, ''118. Bani '0 lu,m,imasb.ita. 'ka,~

1'1' ·CO····- .-- -1_a'''\i!I; .. · .... e-· .. -./ ',.~:'-'.: "t·II,---:- Ci!h that t-'·h·-'· '., .' (ii·t· th __ "~". - '~". ,::'~'I '~" . ,. ' .. m,pl,~,"~ UI ques lOGS ~ .- . ',' '- ey . ]., ~. e answers,,,·

I ~ TBDaka~n 'wa t' )1 Id.esu ka,

H'ai;, lenki, desu,~

2~ 900,0 '1I.lon 'W.« ) d,es;u ka~,

Ile, 8mari om,ftQ'hirok.una'I" d esu

, ~ _ _ _ _ __ ~ "lit., I!!ii;oG ..

31 ADO 'b.llio wa~' JI,d}esQ ka,

Tanaka!ll\san defJ'u~

4. ADO :hito '.8. ~. " lI,i,to d,nu 'k ••

Sb' 'Ii ' b~ Ii. d

:-I'm'· a,at'iIIiii:I'U'D~ a-' ~1'I'to~···· iiD;1E!i1l

.' .. ~G·._~ ~ o_' '~_, ._ '~ ; , •• 1' _: J~a _,~I

II, I' C".' ,~,~.' , ~·I' .c t h -', [,::- C'.:::_ -'.' ct :""'~:~' ··.i, ,_,:0; th --: '-:'~', ., ·tb-·· ":'0 '.,"

, ,,··.,lrC-,e ·".e COITe , I, dU,)ec:uYe D, _ .. e paren - : eses,~

- ' .

1 .. An,o ki:l&ateo no ,',obi ow. amar· (oi;s:hii, desu ois'bikunai, ,d,esuJI~ 2~, U,chi ,DrO cb,ika'k'u al (k~e:i, kireioa) k6en, ga arimasu,

3i K.IODIO b,oB, W8 (o'nioahiro: ··.II,Dai '_.,esa; olDoshiroi dew. arima,sen:,'iI!

4., 'Watasbi :D'O' r,.jio '\VB, (:ik'uD,ai desult y.o~k,u:nai, des,'Ul, ii, dew. :," Jmasen),,, ,s.~, Are WB (yam,ei, ,filma,ina) ,resu'to'MO, desu.

[6,., Y,amada'~B8'D DO Dc'bi 'wa :koko kara totemo (lchI ~ai desu"c"h"kakanai ,d,esu)l"

:IV Translate into J',:-I,·I:am.ese.,

_.. ._. .. __ ... . ap_._ _ _. ..

l, 'Wiould ','0,"-., Uke some ooffe.e? 'Tha:nk "'DU,,, It11 have S'Dm,e';;

2, W'ould 'you like another Cu,p of coffee? ,No,. thank you That walS enough.

'·,3,~ 'We: ba,d d'in'ne:'r' at a famous, restaurant, 4. Tbat cafe, is clean" but it Isn't q,ui@t.

5~ Lam busy today.

'!I[ 02' ~: IiilLESSO: 'II; 'ii' '~'~I

;11" .' _. __ _ . .',~I ,ilL-i!l

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