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User Manual

**Metacentric Height Apparatus
**

User Manual

1

Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual Table of Content • • • • DESCRIPTION THEORY o For adjustable position traversed weight experiments o Based upon geometry and depth of immersion Procedure RESULTS 2 .

A plumb line or degree protector. (Sketch) The apparatus comprises a rectangular pontoon. which may be adjusted to vary the position of the centre of gravity of the pontoon. The vertical mast carries a sliding mass. whose position is indicated on a linear scale. This heel is controlled by a traversely adjustable mass. 3 . with a vertical mast.Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual DESCRIPTION Figure: Metacentric Height Apparatus. is used to measure the angle of heel of the pontoon in conjunction with a degree scale. attached to the top of the mast.

NOMENCLATURE 4 .Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual The apparatus may be used on the hydraulics bench by filling the volumetric tank. using the flexible bench supply pipe connected to the bench outlet.

the total weight. can be defined as where BM = I / V I = Lb^3 / 12 5 . is defined as GM = BM . which is located at the centroid of the immersed crosssection. M must be above G. BM. W.Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual THEORY Theoretical results given here are derived in many first-level fluid mechanics textbooks.BG The Metacentric radius. For stable equilibrium. where P = weight of movable mass and the mast of the pontoon. For static equilibrium of the pontoon. 1: For adjustable position traversed weight experiments Metacentric height. the metacentre M is identified as the point of intersection between the line of action of the buoyancy force (always vertical) and BG extended. When the pontoon heels through a small angle. (which acts through the centre of gravity G) must be equal to the buoyancy force which acts through the centre of buoyancy B. 2: Based upon geometry and depth of immersion The Metacentric height. GM. x = distance between the movable mass and the mast of the pontoon.

6 . The center of gravity. Since the buoyancy force (upthrust) is equal to the total weight. of pontoon and its load then The depth of immersion (di) can then be found from The Point B is at the centroid of the immersed area. It is at distance di / 2 from base. W. G. is at a distance y above the base. This immersed volume.Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual I is the second moment of area of the plane of floating about an axis through the centroid perpendicular to the plane of rotation. V. as the pontoon heels. can be determined by calculation. L is the length of the pontoon. By substitution from above. the following result is obtained. B is the width of the pontoon and V is the immersed volume.

7 . then adjust the tilt of the mast mounting (by slackening securing screws which pass through slotted holes) to give θ = 0. Float the pontoon in the tank and measure the immersed depth. Repeat this procedure traversing the mass to the left of centre. Position the sliding mass on the mast to give the location of the centre of gravity (G) for the whole assembly at the level of the top of the pontoon. Measure the distance of G from the base of the pontoon and record this distance. Traverse the mass to the right in 10 mm increments to the end of the scale and note the angular displacement (0) of the plumb line for each position. GM. using the results from all three tests. Hence. • Tying a light string tightly around the mast and carefully allowing the whole assembly to be suspended from it. Move the traversing mass to the central position in the pontoon. For each new position of G. for comparison with the calculated value (see Theory). Change the position of the pontoon centre of gravity by moving the sliding mass up the mast.Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual Procedure Weigh the traversable mass (= P. Assemble the pontoon. repeat the above test and determine the metacentric height. di. y. kg). The position of G can be determined by: • Use of a knife-edge. locate the Edge of steel rule or tensioned string position of the metacentre M (= y + GM) from the base of the pontoon. mast and both masses and determine the total weight (W). Suggested positions are at the maximum height and then a location midway between maximum height and the position used in the first test. adjusting the position of the suspension point until the mast direction becomes horizontal. Fill the hydraulic bench volumetric tank with water. used for traversing across the pontoon width. then remove the filling tube from the tank (to prevent back-siphoning through to the main tank).

Metacentric Height Apparatus User Manual RESULTS All readings should be tabulated as follows: 8 .

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