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“A BUILDING, PLANNING AND DESIGN OF A MULTIPURPOSE

AUDITORIUM”

PROJECT REPORT

SUBMITTED

TO

WALCHAND COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, SANGLI

BY

Dnyaneshwar Kapase 2016BTECV00028

Akshay Gaykwad 2016BTECV00029

Rajesh Thorat 2016BTECV00030

Apurva Harsulkar 2016BTECV00038

Vishwajeet Hanmante 2017BTECV00205

(DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING)

Under the guidance of

DR. K. S. GUMASTE SIR.

APRIL 2018

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DECLARATION

We, the undersigned, hereby declare that the project entitled

“BUILDING, PLANNING AND DESIGN OF A MULTIPURPOSE AUDITORIUM ”

Written and submitted by us to Walchand College of Engineering, Sangli


as a partial fulfillment for ‘Building, planning and design’ under guidance of Dr. K. S.
Gumaste Sir is our original work.

Date:

Place: SANGLI

PROJECT GUIDE EXTERNAL EXAMINER

(DR. K. S. GUMASTE)

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We hereby take an opportunity to express our deep sense of gratitude to


our guide DR. K. S. GUMASTE SIR for his valuable guidance and esteemed
suggestions along with constant encouragement during each of our project work
,which enabled this project work to be successful.

And last but not least we express our thanks to entire friends for their keen
advice & valuable co-operation during completion of this project of our batch.

Date: 15/05/2018

Place: SANGLI

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INDEX

SR NO TITLE PAGE NO
1 Introduction 5
2 Site visits and their drawbacks 5
3 Requirements of building 6
4 Details of building 7
5 Principles of planning 8
6 Furniture 10
7 Details of doors and windows 12
8 Circulation diagrams 13
9 Staircase design 15
10 Plumbing details 16
11 Electrification 17
12 Fire safety 19
13 Conclusion 20

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INTRODUCTION

An auditorium is a room built to enable an audience to hear and watch performance to hear
and watch performances at venues such as theaters. Auditoria can be found in entertainment
venues, community halls and theaters and may be used for rehearsal, presentation,
performing arts productions, or as a learning space.

SITE VISITS

Actual site visits were very important part before we started planning, so that we came to
know about various drawbacks of auditoriums, kind of components which we should include
in our plan.

The field visits which we carried are-

 Bhave Natyagruh

 Balgandharv Natymandir

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DRAWBACKS OF VISITED AUDITORIUMS

We found certain drawbacks from the visits. They are listed as follows:

BHAVE NATYGRUH (SANGLI)

1. Parking space was not sufficient.

2. Only one side exit.

BALGANDHARVA NATYAMANDIR (MIRAJ)

1. Not suitable space for circulation of vehicles.

REQUIREMENTS OF OUR BUILDING

After our visit and study survey we decided to add following components in our plan:

1. Main auditorium

2. Open air theater

3. Toilets

4. Meeting Rooms

5. Green Rooms

6. Security Room

7. Store

8. Parking

9. Water Tank

10. Rehearsal Room

11. Generator Room

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DETAILS OF BUILDING

1. Plot area= 50000m2

2. Built up area= 9970m2.

3. RCC structure.

4. Foundation- Isolated column footing of depth 6m.

5. Capacity of auditorium = 850

6. Capacity of open air theater= 843

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PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING

We considered following principles of planning while planning our building:

ASPECT

It is disposition of doors and windows in external wall to receive nature’s gift like sunshine,
breeze and scenic beauty. A good aspect protects inmates from ill effects of weather and give
comfort and hygiene benefit. We have provided wooden framed windows in main hall.

PROSPECT

It is disposition of doors and windows with an objective to enrich the external view of
building. The kind of offsets provided in building it improves prospect of building. We have
provided columns without walls in front of auditorium.

PRIVACY

In our auditorium greenrooms, toilets are private area and control room , storerooms are
semiprivate area. Greenrooms positioning is done mostly at corners so that they will gain
their privacy values and storeroom is provided at backsite of the stage. Control room is
provided besides the stage.

External Privacy is achieved by Aesthetical Compound walls,and well decorated Gardening.

ROOMINESS

It controls feel of well-furnished room being spacious or congested. As our greenrooms are of
rectangular shape they have roominess.

GROUPING

Grouping is placement of various rooms in proximity to each other with relevance to


interdependencies, extent to privacy, minimal circulation and comfort and convenience. Store
is provided at backside of the stage for easy access.

CIRCULATION

It is comfort achieved through internal movement from one room to other. We have provided
minimal circulation space. We know that there are two types of circulation, horizontal and
vertical circulation. For the horizontal circulation between the rows of chairs we have given
sufficient space for circulation, also we have provided two vertical and one horizontal
passages between the rows .

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SANITATION

1) LIGHTING

Natural sunlight is required for good visibility and safer work conditions. In auditorium we
have provided artificial illumination using CFLs. As we know that min. illumination required
in kitchen is 50lux.

2) VENTILATION

We know that in multipurpose auditorium 4 to 15 air changes are required per hour. Air
change means when stale air is replaced by fresh air. Total windows are provided for natural
ventilation. Sill height is 1.2m. Cross ventilation is planned. Window area is greater than 10%
of floor area of each room. Mechanical ventilation is maintained by air conditioner for
enclosed auditorium.

Air Conditioning System

Seating capacity: 850

Volume of Auditorium: 2792.5 m3

Natural temperature of location: Summers: 320C to 400C at 35% RH

Winters: 130C to 300C at 40% RH

Required Indoor Conditions:

3) CLEANLINESS

We have given sanitary blocks facing one wall to external side. We have provided common
sanitary blocks for both the auditorium.

ELEGANCE:

Beautified elevation in form of sloping roof is provided. Porch columns add to the elegance.

FURNITURE

Furniture is provided according to sizes of various rooms, size of chair according to the
comfort Furniture details are as follows:

ROOM FURNITURE DIMENSION QUANTITY


(M*M)

AUDITORIUM • AUDIENCE CHAIR 0.6*0.6 865

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GREEN ROOMS • MAKEUP TABLE 3*0.45 5
• CHAIR 0.45*0.3 16
• MIRROR GLASS 3*0.6 5

CONTROL • TABLE 7.5*0.45 1


ROOM- OPEN • CHAIRS 0.6*0.6 3
AIR THEATHER

MEETING • CHAIRS 0.6*0.6 50


ROOM • CHAIRS ON DIAS 0.75*0.75 4

DETAILS OF DOORS AND WINDOWS

SYMBOL FRAME SIZE (MXM) DESCRIPTION

O1 1X2.1 OPENING

D1 2X2.1 CCTW FRAMED AND PANELLED


SHUTTER
D2 1.5X2.1 CCTW FRAMED AND PANELLED
SHUTTER
D3 1X2.1 CCTW FRAMED AND PANELLED
SHUTTER
W1 1.5X1.1 CCTW FRAMED AND PANELLED
SHUTTER
W2 1X1.5 CCTW FRAMED AND PANELLED
SHUTTER
W3 2.1X1.1 CCTW FRAMED AND PANELLED
SHUTTER
V1 0.6X0.6 VENTILATOR- ALUMINIUM
FRAMED AND GLASS LOUVRES

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CIRCULATION DIAGRAM

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STAIRCASE DESIGN

For better utilization and seeing the functional need we have provided open well
staircase. The details of this staircase are as follows:

Enclosed Auditorium

Entrance to ground floor

 Height=1.02m.

 Riser height=0.17m.

 No of risers =6

 No of treads=5

 Size of tread=0.3m.

 Width of stair=2m.

Entrance to balcony

 Type= Doglegged staircase

 Floor to Floor Height= 4 m

 No of total risers= 24

 No. of treads= 11+11=22

 Riser height= 0.17 m

 Size of tread= 0.25 m

 Width of stair= 1 m

 Size of landing= 2*1 m

 No of flights= 2

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Entrance to stage

 Height=1.02m.

 Riser height=0.17m.

 No of risers =6

 No of treads=5

 Size of tread=0.3m.

 Width of stair=2m.

Entrance to ladies and gents toilet:

 Height=1.08m.

 Riser height=0.18m.

 No of risers =6

 No of treads=5

 Size of tread=0.3m.

 Width of stair=1m.

OPEN AIR THEATRE

1. Entrance to auditorium

 Floor to Floor Height= 2.7 m

 No of risers= 18

 No. of treads=17

 Riser height= 0.15 m

 Size of tread= 0.3 m

 Width of stair= 2 m

 Size of landing= 2*1.3 m

 No of flights= 2

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2. Ramp:

 Total height: 2.7 m

 No of flights: 3

 Height of first flight: 1.1 m

 Horizontal length: 10 m

 Slope: 1:9.09

 Landing: 1*2 m

 Height of second flight: 1.1 m

 Horizontal length: 10 m

 Slope: 1:9.09

 Landing: 1*2 m

 Height of third flight: 0.4 m

 Horizontal length: 4 m

 Slope: 1:10

 Landing: 1.3*2 m

 No of ramps: 2

3. Entrance and exit of stage:

 Height=1.08m.

 Riser height=0.18m.

 No of risers =6

 No of treads=5

 Size of tread=0.3m.

 Width of stair=1m.

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PLUMBING DETAILS

Plumbing is core part of success of any building especially in our building. Source of
water for our building is municipal water and a bore well. Municipal water is for
drinking and cooking purpose and bore well is for other purposes like washing,
gardening etc. The details of underground water tank and overhead water tanks are as
follows:

UGWT AND OHWT

• WATER REQ./SEAT/DAY =15 lit.

• CAPACITY =ABOUT 1700

• CAPACITY OF OHWT=1700*15=25000lit

• CAPACITY OF UGWT=1700*15 + 20000=58,000lit.

• DIMENSIONS OF OHWT= Radius= 2m Height= 2 m

• DIMENSIONS OF UGWT=12m*5m*1.5m

We have adopted 2 pipe system. Municipal drainage system is


available. We provided 100mm soil pipe, waste pipe with separate vent pipe to both pipes.
various types of traps as P traps, Q traps, S traps, nahani traps, gully traps, intercepting traps
,etc. are provided as per their use in various parts of plumbing system. We also have provided
various valves for controlling water flow.

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ELECTRIFICATION

Electrification is basic need of any building for safe and satisfactory work. Type of wiring is
concealed wiring. Components for multipurpose auditorium are:

1) Bulbs

2) Fans

3) Exhaust fans

4) Tubelights

Enclosed Auditorium

Area Requirement Capacity Capacity


Room (m2) (Lumens) Appliance Quantity (watt) (Lumen) Type
4 ft
Tubelight 1 18 1800 LED
Green Room 10.2 2040 Bulb 1 5 450 LED
Toilet 4 400 Bulb 1 5 450 LED
Store room 24 1200 Bulb 3 5 450 LED
Bulb 5 30 3000 LED
Stage 77.4 8000 Fan 5 45
Bulb 19 25 2500 LED
65
Sitting Area 746.1 30400 Fan 46
4 ft
Passage 240 36000 Tubelight 20 18 1800 LED
4 ft
Porch 126 12600 Tubelight 7 30 3000 LED
Control 4 ft
Room 36 3600 Tubelight 2 30 3000 LED
Ceiling
Balcony 240 9600 Bulb 6 25 2500 LED

Toilet Block

Room Appliance Quantity Capacity (watt) Capacity(Lumen) Type


Tubelight 4 30 3000 4 ft LED
Ladies Toilet Bulb 5 5 450 LED
Tubelight 4 30 3000 4 ft LED
Gents Toilet Bulb 6 5 450 LED

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Room Appliance Quantity Capacity (watt) Capacity(Lumen) Type
Rehearsal Tubelight 4 18 1800 4 ft LED
room Fan 2 45
Generator Tubelight 2 25 2500 4 ft LED
room Bulb 1 5 450 LED

Open Air Theatre

No. of Capacity
Room rooms Appliance Quantity (watt) Capacity(Lumen) Type
Tubelight 1 18 1800 4 ft LED
Green Bulb 1 5 450 LED
Room 2 Fan 1 45
Toilet 2 Bulb 1 5 450 LED
Store room 1 Bulb 2 5 450 LED
Stage area 1 Tubelight 7 18 1800 4 ft LED

Rooms Tubelight 4 18 1800 4 ft LED


below 6 Fan 4 . 45
Mercury 12500 Mercury
vapour 4 250 vapour
Bulb 25 5 450 LED
Ceiling Bulb 24 16 1600 LED
Sitting Tubelight 81 18 1800 4 ft LED
Area 1 Fan 84 45

General

Appliance Quantity
Switch Board 1
Main distribution box 1
distribution box 1
generator 1
light meter 1

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Bill Calculations:

Total wattage= 7672 watt.

For 100 hours (per day 3 hours)

= 7672*100

=767200 w.hr.

=767.2kw.hr.

1 unit = 7 INR

767.2 units= 7672*7= 5370 INR

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SAFETY
 Structural safety

 Health safety-First aid

 Fire safety

 Constructional safety

 Electric safety

 Environmental safety

 Life safety

 Public safety

FIRE SAFETY
In multipurpose auditoriums we must consider fire safety to prevent fire and for resistance to
spread of fire. Following precautions are taken in our auditorium:

• 50,000lit UGWT is considered for fire safety.

• There is installation of an automatic detection fire alarm system.

• Smoke detectors are provided.

• Potable fire extinguishers are as a backup.

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CONCLUSION

To realize best physical arrangement of layout design, one must think about location and
requirements and choose most acceptable plan. We tried our best to plan and design a
multipurpose auditorium as our building, planning and design mini project. It effectively
utilizes space and fulfills all the requirements of a good multipurpose auditorium.

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