You are on page 1of 5
Tei ROAD TYPES URBAN ROADS Types of Urban Roads There are many road classification systems, most are orientated to the culture of the country of origin. Classification* of urban roads previously used in Pakistan may be adopted, based on their function, volume of traffic, type of traffic and position in network, Urban roads in Pakistan may be categorised as - Primary roads = Secondary roads = Local Roads. The local roads may be further subdivided into: - Local distributor (feeder) roads. = Local access roads. = Streets and galis. The key characteristics of these categories are summarised in Table 7.1. Dimension, Reservations and Setbacks Reservation or Right of Way width (R.0.W) is the total width of the road or street required to accommodate roads, utilities and other ancillary facilities. A setback is the minimum distance the centre line of the road to the building line of property. Right of way of roads generally accommodate the following elements depending upon the function and type of road, (Fig. 7.1). a) Carriage way b) Hard Shoulders for emergency parking c) Cycle tracks 4) Parking bays e) Bus lay-bys * Source: Lahore Traffic Manual, Halcrow & Associates, 1983. 158 Loce ROAD TYPES TABLE 7,1: TYPES OF URBAN ROADS “ROAD TYPES PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS Primary The most important roads of the city serving through traffic and providing communication between the main residential, industrial and commercial areas of the city. To maintain the function of providing free unimpeded flow of motorised traffic, the Planner — should whenever possible, aim to restrict frontage access, number of junctions and on-street parking. Secondary These roads provide access to major geographical districts and may carry large traffic volumes. They form a "secondary" network drawing off from the primary network traffic with destinations inside the district. They are however, not intended for local penetration nor should it be possible to use them as through routes. Distributor These © roads penetrate localities within districts and feed traffic down from the primary and secondary networks. They are the lowest category of road that can be readily penetrated by motorised vehicles, but they are not suitable for extraneous traffic Local without businees in the immediate vicinity Access They provide access to individual premises and blocks. Streets & These form the lowest category of public Galis accessway and their use is limited to those wishing to reach premises served by them Frequently such streets and galis are cul-de- sacs and their use and ownership is considered to be a communal extension to the adjoining properties. 159 DIMENSIONS, RESERVATIONS AND SETBACKS OF ROADS. : Se R SINGLE CARRIAGE WAY ie DUAL CARRIAGE WAY Se = setback from centre line w= width of catragenay b= bord shoulder & centre tine 160