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What are forged pipe fittings?


2018-10-17

 Industry News
 News

What are forged pipe fittings?

Forged Pipe Fittings (Socket Weld and Threaded) are made in agreement to ASME
(American Society of Mechanical Engineers) B16.11, MSS SP-79\ 83\ 95\97 and BS3799
guidelines, and are utilized to connect nominal bore schedule pipes and pipelines.

Socket-weld or threaded (npt or pt type. )

Pressure: 2000LBS, 3000LBS, 6000LBS, 9000LBS

Size: from 1/4″ to 4″ (6mm-100mm)

Material: ASTM A105, F304, F316, F304L, F316L, A182 F11/F22/F91

Connection ends: butt welded, threaded

Rating:

1. Threaded wog: 2000, 3000 and 6000 lbs (140kgs/cm2-210kgs/cm2-410kgs/cm2)( sch


40 – sch 80 – sch 160 ).

2. Socket-welding wog: 3000, 6000, 9000 lbs. ( sch 80 – sch 160 – xxs ).

Forged Fittings Materials and Grades

 STAINLESS STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING : ASTM/ASME SA 182F Gr. 304,


304L, 304H, 304N, 304LN, 316, 316L, 316H, 316N, 316LN, 309L, 310, 317, 317L,
321, 321H, 347, 347H AND UNS 31254 (254SMO)
 DUPLEX STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING: ASTM/ASME SA 182F Gr. F44 , F45 ,
F51 , F53 , F55 , F60 , F61.Werkstoff No. 1.4462
 CARBON STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING: ASTM/ASME A105 / A350 LF2,
ASME SA105, A694 – F42, F46, F52, F60, F65, F70, A36, A516 Gr. 70, 60
 LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING: A/SA 350 LF2,
LF3

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 ALLOY STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING: ASTM/ASME A182 Gr. F1 / F5 / F9 / F11


/ F22 / F91
 NICKEL STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING: ASTM/ASME SB 256 Gr. NICKEL
ALLOY 200 (UNS N02200), NICKEL ALLOY 20, MONEL ALLOY 400 (UNS
N04400), INCONEL ALLOY 600 (UNS N06600), INCONEL ALLOY 625 (UNS
N06625), INCOLOY ALLOY 800 (UNS N08800), INCOLOY ALLOY 800H (UNS
N08810), INCOLOY ALLOY 800HT (UNS N08811),INCONEL ALLOY 825 (UNS
N08825), ALLOY 20 (UNS N08020), HASTELLOY C-276 (UNS N010276),
HASTELLOY C-4 (UNS N06455), HASTELLOY C-22 (UNS N06022), ALLOY 6XN
(UNS N08367)
 OTHER MATERIAL FORGED PIPE FITTING: BRASS, BRONZE, TITANIUM,
TANTALUM, BISMUTH, ALUMINIUM, ZINC, LEAD, etc.
 COPPER NICKEL & CUPRO NICKEL FORGED PIPE FITTING : ASTM / ASME
SB 61 UNS NO. C 92200 & ASTM / ASME SB 62 UNS NO. C 83600. ASTM /
ASME SB 151 UNS NO. 70600 , 71500 , C 70600 ( CU -NI- 90/10) , C 71500 ( CU
-NI- 70/30) ,ASTM / ASME SB 152 UNS NO C 10100 , C 10200 , C 10300 , C
10800 , C 12000, C 12200.

Applications

They are used for wide range of industries wherever liquids, chemicals, gases, or other
fluids are handled. Some of the examples are –

 Oil & Gas Industry


 Power Plants
 Food & Beverage Industry
 Pharmaceuticals
 Semiconductor manufacturing
 Paper production
 Construction

Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturing Standards

 ASTM A182 – ASME SA182 – Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic


Stainless Steel Piping Fittings
 ASME B16.9 – Factory-Made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings
 ASME B16.11 – Socket Welding and Threaded Forged Fittings

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 MSS SP-43 – Wrought and Fabricated Butt-Welding Fittings for Low Pressure,
Corrosion Resistant Applications
 MSS SP-95 – Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs
 BS3799 – Specification for Steel pipe fittings, screwed and Socket-welding for the
petroleum industry

Types of Forged Fittings

Thread Fittings

 90°Elbow
 45°Elbow
 Tee
 Cross
 Full Coupling
 Half Coupling
 Reducing Coupling
 Pipe Cap
 Hex Head Bushing

 Hex Head Plug


 Square Head Plug
 Round Head Plug
 Union
 Hex Nipple
 Street Elbow
 Bull Plug
 Boss
 Swage Nipple

 Pipe Nipple
 Adapter
 Union (Male x Female)
 Branch Outlet
 90°Elbow Outlet
 45°Lateral Tee
 Lateral Outlet

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 Nipple Branch Outlet

Socket Weld Fittings

 90°Elbow
 45°Elbow
 Tee
 Cross
 Full Coupling
 Half Coupling

 Pipe Cap
 Union
 Reducer Insert
 Boss
 Branch Outlet
 90°Elbow Outlet

 45°Lateral Tee
 Lateral Outlet
 Branch Outlet Butt Weld
 90°Elbow Outlet Butt Weld
 Lateral Outlet Butt Weld
 Nipple Branch Outlet Butt Weld

1) Gaskets

Gaskets are the mechanical seal that is utilized to fill the gap or crevice between any two
fittings. It is ordinarily used to stay away from any kind of spillage, leakage and in high
weight pressure applications.

2) Socket Weld Fittings

A Socket Weld is a pipe connection detail in which a pipe is embedded into a recessed
area of a Valve, flange or fitting. As opposed to butt weld fittings, Socket Weld fittings are
mainly utilized for little pipe distances across (Small Bore Piping); for the most part to pipe
whose nominal diameter is NPS 2 or smaller.

SOCKET WELD ELBOW

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SOCKET WELD TEE AND CROSS

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3) Insert Fittings

A pipe insert is a sort of buttweld fitting that is utilized to join pipe to a fitting all the more
helpfully. It empowers us an easier, speedier, and financially savvy installation of the
fittings. It can be used in various applications.

4) Threaded fittings

Threaded fittings are like buttweld fittings or socket weld fittings. The main distinction is
that there are threads given to install these manufactured fittings. For example threaded
tees, cross, elbow, bends, unions, couplings, nipples, caps, plugs, inserts, and reducers.

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5) Pipe Nipple

A pipe nipple is a fitting, comprising of a short bit of pipe, usually provided with a male pipe
thread at each end, for connecting two other fittings.

6) Connector

A connector is a specialized fitting intended to attach a hydraulic line to a valve, cylinder,


motor, pump, or other active device.
7) Coupling

A coupling is a specialized fitting which attaches two hydraulic lines to each other,
end-to-end, and which cannot be removed without first detaching one of the hydraulic
lines from some other object.

There are three types of coupling available;

 Full Coupling
 Half Coupling
 Reducing Coupling

FULL COUPLING

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Full Coupling is used for connecting small bore pipes. It used to connect pipe to pipe or
pipe to swage or nipple. It can be threaded or socket ends types.

HALF COUPLING

Half Coupling is used for small bore branching from a vessel or large pipe. It can be
threaded or socket type. It has a socket or thread end on only one side.

REDUCING COUPLING

Reducing coupling is used to connect two different sizes of pipe. It is like concentric
reducer that maintains a center line of the pipe but small in size.

8) Union

A union is a specialized fitting which attaches a hydraulic line to anything else, specially
constructed for easy disassembly without rotating the line. Some connectors are also
unions.
9) Adaptor

An adaptor is a specialized fitting which permits the attachment of one size or type
hydraulic line to another size or type hydraulic line, or to another size or type port on a
valve, cylinder, motor, pump, or other active device, or another size or type fitting.

Source: China Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturer – Yaang Pipe Industry Co., Limited
(www.steeljrv.com)

(Yaang Pipe Industry is a leading manufacturer and supplier of nickel alloy and stainless
steel products, including Super Duplex Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Flanges,
Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings, Stainless Steel Pipe. Yaang products are widely used in
Shipbuilding, Nuclear power, Marine engineering, Petroleum, Chemical, Mining, Sewage
treatment, Natural gas and Pressure vessels and other industries.)

If you want to have more information about the article or you want to share your opinion
with us, contact us at sales@steeljrv.com

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Please notice that you might be interested in the other technical articles we’ve published:

• What is a butt weld pipe fitting

• What is a Pipe Tee

• What is a 45 Degree Elbow

• What is a reducing elbow

• What is a pipe thread

• What is a Pipe Coupling

• Development trend of high pressure pipe fittings

References:

1. https://www.yaang.com
2. https://hardhatengineer.com

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