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Scheuerle 195t loading diagrams

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1.1 General

To make optimum use of the payload capacity of a vehicle, the payload centre of gravity must be in the position indicated in the

load or payload displacement diagram. Any deviations from this will always mean a reduced payload.

If the vehicle is loaded to capacity in spite of a deviation from the position indicated in the load or payload displacement

diagram,

- the axle loads indicated in the load or payload displacement diagram will be exceeded in at least one support group.

- the vehicle may be damaged (loading bridge, drive train).

The centre of gravity of the payload must be on the longitudinal symmetry axis of the vehicle, i.e. centred longitudinally on

the vehicle (> Fig.01).

The supports of the payload, unless otherwise specified, must be positioned as a transverse linear load, i.e. evenly distributed

over the entire width of the vehicle (> Fig.01).

Payload

Payload loaded as a

transverse load

Vehicle

= =

Fig. 01

Front or rear view

1.1.1 Load diagram - description

The load diagrams show information on

- the size of the payload

- the required support distance of the payload on the loading tray

To use the load diagrams, the payload supports must always be symmetrical, meaning that they must be laid out at an

equal distance with respect to the payload centre of gravity (>Fig. 02). If this is not the case, the vehicle may be damaged. If the

supports are unequally spaced, contact the Scheuerle technical department for a precise definition of the loading case and/or

simulate the case with the ”SALSA” computer program.

If the vehicle is loaded in accordance with the loading diagram, the axles will not be loaded beyond their permissible load and

the steel structure will not be overloaded. Transport is statically possible in this case.

Payload

Supports

payload centre of gravity

Fig. 02

Side view

- the optimum position of the payload centre of gravity

- the size of the payload, even if the payload centre of gravity is not in the optimum position

If he vehicle is loaded in accordance with the payload displacement diagram, only the permissible axle loads will be

maintained. However, the steel structure can still be overloaded and the vehicle may be damaged.

The payload displacement diagram is only intended for an initial assessment of the feasibility of a transport. For additional

information contact the Scheuerle technical department and/or simulate the loading case with the ”SALSA” computer program.

1.2 Application examples

1.2.1 Load diagram

A) Find the smallest possible support distance for a given payload (Fig. 03)

Example:

Given: payload = 400t

To be found: support distance required so the approved load on the steel structure is not exceeded

Solution:

With two supports the payload is distributed equally over the two supports, i.e. 200 t each.

1. Draw a horizontal straight line to the diagram curve at the perpendicular diagram axis (platform support loads) at half of

the payload, 200 t in the example. (> direction of arrow, Fig. 03)

2. Draw two perpendicular straight lines at the intersections of the straight line with the diagram curve to the horizontal

diagram axis.

3. Read off the distance from the payload centre of gravity to the supports at the horizontal axis, 2.4 m each in the example.

The support distance with equal payload must also be greater than the calculated support distance, while the symmetry to the

payload centre of gravity must be retained. However, the diagram curve must not be exceeded under any circumstances.

If straight lines do not intersect with the diagram curve below the diagram curve, the support distance can be selected as

desired; however, the symmetry to the payload centre of gravity must be retained.

Support loads

EXAMPLE

Diagram curve

payload centre of gravity

Supports

B) Find the permissible payload symmetrically to the payload centre of gravity with

a given support distance (Fig.04)

Example:

Given: the two distances of the supports to the payload centre of gravity are 2.8 m each

To be found: the permissible payload that will not exceed the permissible load on the steel structure or

the permissible axle loads

Solution:

1. Draw a perpendicular line up to the diagram curve from one of the symmetrically arranged supports.

2. Draw a horizontal line left to the vertical axis through the intersection.

3. Read off half of the payload (=payload per support) at the vertical axis, in this example half

the payload = 236 t.

4. Therefore, the permissible payload is twice 236 t = 472 t.

Support loads

EXAMPLE

236t

Diagram curve

payload centre of gravity

Supports

1.2.2 Payload displacement diagram - description

C) Find the maximum allowable Payload with a displaced payload centre of gravity. (Fig. 05)

Example:

Given: the payload centre of gravity must be 1.2 m in front of the optimum payload centre of

gravity for transport reasons

To be found: the permissible payload that will not overload the axles

Solution:

1. Draw a perpendicular line 1.2 m in front of the optimum payload centre of gravity up to the diagram curve.

2. Draw a horizontal line left to the perpendicular diagram axis at the intersection.

3. Read off the maximum payload at the perpendicular diagram axis, 400 t in the example.

EXAMPLE

Diagram curve

payload centre of gravity

Fig.05

Please note:

If the vehicle is loaded in accordance with the payload displacement diagram, only the axles will be loaded to their

permissible capacity. However, the steel structure can still be overloaded and the vehicle may be damaged.

For more testing contact the Scheuerle technical department and/or simulate the loading case with the ”SALSA”

computer program.

1.2.3 Loading diagrams

Loading Diagram

for 2 payload supports, on all main beams, symmetrically to the payload center of gravity (COG)

MPEK 320.10.3

200

Value of each payload support (t)

150

100

50 COG

0

6 4 2 0 2 4 6 m

8121

2900 2200 2200 4300 2200

76.0 t

76.0 t

76.0 t

76.0 t

76.0 t

W09991XX6EUS17501

Identical marking of the axles represents hydr. mech. or pneum. connection of the axles in LONGITUDINAL direction

The speed limits are the theoretical allowed maximum speeds only depending on axle loads. For Salsa calculations it is assumed,

that the center of gravity of the loading is located on the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The effects of dynamic

and exterior forces, acting on each transport, are not investigated. The operating manual of the vehicle units as well as the

currently valid 'information on transport investigations' mandatory have to be observed.

BN: 140827.094621 ee 9915 VARD 27.08.2014

1.2.4 Payload displacement diagram

Payload Displacement Diagram

Admissible payload depending on the position of center of gravity (COG)

MPEK 320.10.3

350

Payload (t)

300

250

200

Optimum COG

150

100

50

0

8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 m

8121

2900 2200 2200 4300 2200

76.0 t

76.0 t

76.0 t

76.0 t

76.0 t

W09991XX6EUS17501

Identical marking of the axles represents hydr. mech. or pneum. connection of the axles in LONGITUDINAL direction

The speed limits are the theoretical allowed maximum speeds only depending on axle loads. For Salsa calculations it is assumed,

that the center of gravity of the loading is located on the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The effects of dynamic

and exterior forces, acting on each transport, are not investigated. The operating manual of the vehicle units as well as the

currently valid 'information on transport investigations' mandatory have to be observed.

BN: 140827.094654 ee 9915 VARD 27.08.2014

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