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DAEDALUS AND ICARUS. Nick Ponts Dacdatuchs name meare “liled workor- }) was a famous architec, inven, and master cratsmen known for having crested mary bjecs that figure prominertly in varous niyths. He tad 2 beloved son named learus. Amangthe meny inventions and creations: cralted by Daedalus wer the wooden cow fe ‘constucted for Queen Pasiphae, the Labyrinth cftheMinctauratKnossos onthe istandofCrete, ‘arifcial wings for himself ard his son Icarus, ‘end he was even said io have inventodimages. The infamous Labyrinth vias so ‘cunningly craftec that Daedalus himsatf could baraly find his vay out after constructing i With countless winding passages and turns that opened into one another, tie Labyrinth ‘appeared to have neither beginning nor fend. Daedalus built the maze to. imprison the Minotaur, half man ~ haif bull beast His homelandwas Athens but his paraniage is urcertsin. Aleippe, Merope, ard Iptinoe are all mentioned at different times ae being his mother. Hs father’s identity was never precisely eslabished, but many claim hat was Melton, son of Erecheus. For a short time, his apprentice was his sister's son Percix. But Daedalis was s0 proud of Hs achievements that he could not bear the idea of a rival. His sisier had placed her son Perdic under his charge to be taugtt the mechanical arts Perdc was an apt schiclar and showed stikng evidence of ingenuiy. Walking fon the seashore, he picked up the spine of a fish. According to Ovid, imtating it he took a piece of kon and notched ton the edge, and this invented the saw Perdix aso put two pisces of iron together, connecting them a ore fend wit a ret, anc sherpering the other ends, and mace a pair of compasses. Daedalus was so envious af his nephew's accomplahments that he seized ‘an opportunity to tase him from tho hill of the Acropolis. As he wae plunging to he death, however, the goddess Alhena tumned Perdix into a parirdge to save him Other sources claim nstead that his apprentice was his nephew Telos. ‘They say that t was Tales, at the age of twelve, who displayed skil that noarly rhalod hic mentors. Daodalus, foaring thet the boy would curpacs him in talent, murdered the boy by tossing him from the Acropolis of Alhens. 13 He was then tied at the Areiopagus, which was the ancient Greek court, ané banished from tis home cily of Athens. He fled to the island of Crete, where he began to work at the cour! f King Minos ard Queen Pasiphae, in the magnificent palace of Knossos. It ie said that Dacdalus was the fis! to. conceive masts and salls for ships forthe navy of, ‘Mines, helping Crete become a naval rower. The statues he carved were so axqusie, they looked asifthey were ave. tiesaid thai they wouldhave ‘escaped were it not forthe chain that bound them tothe palace wal Dazdelus also constructed a weoden cow forthe qupen o niceinto sats'y ner amorous lonangs for a white bul sent by Poseidon, When the dreagul Minolaur was born, Daedaius ult the Labyrinth to contain. the — monetrous half man, hal-bull. For yoare, Minos: demanded a trbuteol youths from Athens tofeed the crealure as punishment forthe ‘accidental kiling of his son while he was visting Athens. Eventually the Athenian hero Theseus came to Cre'e to attempt to slay the Minotaur. Princess Aviedne, daughter of King Minos and Queen Pasiahae, fell in love with Theseus and asked Daedaus to help him. Dapdalue gave hora faxon thread for Thaeous tote tathe door of the Labyrinth ‘ashe entered, and by which he could fing his way out aller hing the menster. Theseus ‘succeeded, and escaped Crete with Ariadne. Minos, enraged atthe loss of his daughter, rot to mention the king of his pet Minotaur, shut Daedalus and he son Icarus into the Labyrinth, knawing that Theseus ‘could not haveaccomplished the deed without inside help. Dapdalis managed to ge! out of the Labyrinth - after all, he had built and know hie way eround. Daedalus docided that he andhhis con learus hacte leave Crete ‘and gel away from Mins, before he brought them harm, However, Mnos controled the sea around Grete. The King kept strict welch Con al vessels, permitting none to sail witicut being caretlly searched by hss soldiers. ‘Since Minos controlled the land and sea routes, and there was no route of excape there; Daedalus reslized that the only way cut wae by air. But only the ‘gods cauld fy! ‘To escape, Daedalus bull wings for himself and learus, fashicned weh Teaihers held together with wax. Daedaus tied he wings on Himself first and nes: satisfied that Hs plan would work. 14 Before taking off from the island, Deedalie wamed hie son to fallow dosoly behind him. He sternly cautioned Icarus net b fy too dose tothe sun, asit would met his wings, andinot too clase to the sea, as woud dampen them and make it hard io fy, They successtuly flew from Crete. but Icarus grew exhiereted by the trl of fying and began ceting careless. The father and son passed the islands of Samos, Delos and Lebyathos, and the furher auay from Crete they flew, the mare eceky bocame learus. Fergatting his father's stom advico, Icarus flew too closet the sun god Holos, who was puling the sun bebind his chariot high in the sky. Tho wax holding togetharhie wirge goftered and melted from theheatand try ‘ashe might learus cauld not prevent the feathers from falling affhis body. Furiously he flapped Ais arms, but scon ro feathers at all were let and he fell 0 his death, «drowning in the sea, as his helpless father watched his son perish with anguish. His father cred, bitterly lamenting his own arts, and called the land near the place where Icarus fell into the ocean Icaria in memory of Fis child. The learan Sea, \where he fel, 2s forever named after him and itis sai thatthe grea hara Heracles (Horculos), who was poscing by, gavo him propor burial, Daedalus grieved for his dead son and then cantinued ta Sicily, where he ‘came to stay atthe court af Cocalus in a place celled Camicus. On the island's south coast, Dascalus buill a temple for Apollo, and hung up his wings, as an offering io the Olympian god. ut vengeful King Miros wasnt quite done — he then went in pursuit of Dapcalus, hoping to locate and trick the great invertor into revealing himselt teach city he vsited, Minos offered a reward io whoever could thread a spiral seashel, a seeminaly impossible task. Eventualy, Mnos came lo Camicus in Sidly and presented the aontest al Cocalus court Cocalus knew of Daedalus’ talents, and gave the shell to him. The clever Dancalis tied the string to an ant, placed the antatane end of the shell, and allawed the ant!o walkthrough the spiral chambers unlit came out he cther ord. When Minos saw that somacne had solved tha puzzle, ha demanded that Conalus surrender Daedalus, for he insistac thal only he would have been invertive ‘enoughtosolve the task. King Cacalus promised to do so, but he persuaded Minos 1b ‘rst take a bath and slay for some enterainment Mes agreed, and was consequently murseres by Cocalus’ daughters, who had_been totally impressec by the toys and gifts which Deedalus had bestowed upon them. Dacdalue eventually lot Camicus, much to thedismay of king Cocalue and his daughters, and ended up in Sardinia with a group led by lolaus, who was a nephew of Heracles, Source: Mgitnanaie comcast? et 18