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“In the name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful”


Lab Instructor:


Lab Location:
NVH Laboratory

Lab Objectives:

By the end of this lab, student should be able to:

 To determine the decay rate of the system.
 To determine the relationship between the mass and natural frequency
in torsional damping system.
 To validates the theoretical and experiment result in torsional
damping system.

Date: ___2/11/17____
Group Members Student ID Section
HB15023 3B
MA15117 3B
MA15168 3B
1.0 Introduction

Free torsional vibration is called as an angular vibration of an object without any

external force applied to it. When a system is disturbed, it starts vibrating and keeps
on vibrating thereafter without the action of external force. In the torsional
vibration, the shaft is twisted and untwisted alternately and torsional shear stresses
are induced in the shaft. The degree of freedom of a vibrating body or a system
implies the number of independent coordinates which are required to define the
motion of the body or system at given instant. In this experiment, the single degree
of freedom is considered as the system use is the single rotor system.

2.0 Theory

The natural frequency can be express as;

For free torsional vibration of single degree of freedom (SDOF) is when a system
vibrates along circular arcs having their centers along the axis of rotation in a
single rotor system. In this case, there are only one inertia ‘I’. From the Fig.1, the
rotor is supported by one shaft segment. The differential equation for the rotor can
be obtained by considering two couples which are inertia couple and torsional
elastic couple. The natural frequency also can be express as;

fn = (1/2𝜋)( √(𝐺. 𝐽)/(𝑙. 𝐼)) since that q= G.J/ l ;

where; G is the modulus rigidity,

J is polar moment of inertia,
I is mass moment of inertia (kg.m2),
l is the length of shaft.

The sinusoidal wave for the damping system is;

From the graph above, we can see that the under damped system has decay rate,
σ = ζ.ωn.
3.0 Procedure

1) Choose a rod and decide the diameter of the rod.

2) Decide on the mass to be used for loading.
3) Choose a mass and anchor the mass tightly to the rod at both end.
4) Fixed the accelerometer at the accelerometer stand.
5) Connect the accelerometer to one of the channel of NI-DAQ terminal which
then connect it to a PC to run Measurement and Automation Explorer software
and Dasylab software.
6) Run the Measurement and Automation Explorer software and save.
7) Run the Dasylab software.
8) Push one of the mass downward once and then run the Dasylab software.
9) Step 3 to 8 is repeated for a few more mass of increments.

Setting National Instrument

1) Open Measurement and Automation software.

2) Under My System, click Data Neighborhood.
3) Click create new to create new task.
4) Choose NI-DAQmx Task and click next.
5) Click Analog Input and choose Acceleration.
6) Choose channel which you connected the accelerometer on the certain channel.
7) Rename the task and click Finish.
8) The new task will appear under NI-DAQmx task. Change the sensitivity value
and units referred the sensor certification.
9) Change Acquisition Mode to Continuous Sample.
10) Click “Run” to test the setting and save setting.

Setting the Data Acquisition, Dasylab

1) Open the Dasylab software.

2) Click the ‘measurement’ icon at the toolbar. Choose Hardware Setup, NI-
DAQmx, then click Synchronization with MAX Configuration. Click “Ok”.
3) With the same icon, choose Time Bases and click All Setting. Time Bases
setting window will appear. Choose your name that saved in Measurement &
Automation software, choose Sampling Rate and Block size. Decide the value
of Sampling Rate and Block Size. Then click “Ok”.
4) In Modules section, choose folder Inputs/Outputs. Choose NI-DAQmx and click
Analog Input then drag and drop it at the workplace.
5) Double click the Analog Input modules at the worksheet. The Analog Input
setting window will appear. Choose the Task name of your name and click
6) Click A/D icon at the toolbar to change the measurement setup with the desired
value of Sampling Rate and Block Size.
7) Drag and drop the desired icon from the Modules section following your
creativities to finish this experiment.
8) Click the ‘Run’ button at the toolbar.
9) After a few seconds push the mass downward and allow it to oscillate.
10) Click the ‘Stop’ button when the oscillation dies down.
11) Observed the graph from your worksheet and the desired value from the graph
is taken to calculate the decay rate.
12) Save data by Read Data icon from the workplace. Save data in the ASCII format
so that it can be read by EXCEL spreadsheet.
13) Run the Excel program, open the data file and save it as an Excel worksheet file.

3.1 Experiment Set-up

4.0 Results

Measure and collect data as below:

a) Rod diameter, d = mm
b) Length between support, L = mm
c) Flywheel mass, m = gram
d) Flywheel radius, r = mm
e) Flywheel Thickness = mm
f) Mass distance to rotation axis, h = mm
g) Shear modulus of rod, G = mm

4.1 Determine Experimental Natural Frequency, ωn and Decay Rate, σ for Each

1. Open dasylab and add read data, recorder, maximum/minimum and write
data at the end.
2. Read the DDF file from previous saved data for the first mass and run it.
3. After that the data is save in ASCll file.
4. Move ASCll file into Excel and calculate for ln Y in a column, where Y is
the amplitude in the displacement-time graph.
5. Plot a scatter graph by select all the data ln Y and time,t.
6. From the graph determine the natural frequency, ωd and decay rate.

Figure 1 : Displacement versus time graph

Figure 2 : ln Y versus time

4.3 Comparison between Theoretical and Experiment

Theoretical, the angular frequency is

ω=√(q/I) ; q is torsional stiffness

I is the mass moment of inertia of the oscillating body in kg.m2

Table 2 : Comparison between Theoretical and Experiment Natural frequency

Natural Frequency (rad/sec)

Mass (kg)
Experimental Theoretical % error
Related Formula

Calculation of torsional stiffness, q

From the torsion equation,

T/J =Gθ/L


Where, q=GJ/L

The polar moment of inertia of the shaft J=(πd4)/32

All symbols have their usual meaning.

Mass moment of inertia of the flywheel of radius IG=mr2/2

Mass moment or inertia of additional mass about the rotation axis = IPf



ma is the additional mass

h is the distance between the centre of the additional mass and the axis
of the

rotation. h = 300mm

5.0 Discussion

1. Comparison between the theoretical and experimental angular frequency in

damping system.
2. What are the factors of error?
3. Explain any significant difference of angular frequency between experimental
and theoretically in damping system.

6.0 Conclusion

Based on the experiment, please conclude precisely your findings.

7.0 References

State any references used