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Lab Instructor:

____________________________

Lab Location:

NVH Laboratory

Lab Objectives:

To determine the decay rate of the system.

To determine the relationship between the mass and natural frequency

in torsional damping system.

To validates the theoretical and experiment result in torsional

damping system.

Date: ___2/11/17____

20

Group Members Student ID Section

MUHAMMAD KAMIL ASYRAF BIN

HB15023 3B

MOHD GHAZALI

MUHAMMAD AJMAL BIN SABRI MH15056 3B

PRASHANTH A/L MAHANTHIRAN MA15043 3B

NURUL NADHIRAH BINTI AHMAD

MA15117 3B

AZMAN

MUHAMAD FAHMI KAHAR BIN

MA15168 3B

MOHD SHAMSUDDIN

1.0 Introduction

external force applied to it. When a system is disturbed, it starts vibrating and keeps

on vibrating thereafter without the action of external force. In the torsional

vibration, the shaft is twisted and untwisted alternately and torsional shear stresses

are induced in the shaft. The degree of freedom of a vibrating body or a system

implies the number of independent coordinates which are required to define the

motion of the body or system at given instant. In this experiment, the single degree

of freedom is considered as the system use is the single rotor system.

2.0 Theory

For free torsional vibration of single degree of freedom (SDOF) is when a system

vibrates along circular arcs having their centers along the axis of rotation in a

single rotor system. In this case, there are only one inertia ‘I’. From the Fig.1, the

rotor is supported by one shaft segment. The differential equation for the rotor can

be obtained by considering two couples which are inertia couple and torsional

elastic couple. The natural frequency also can be express as;

J is polar moment of inertia,

I is mass moment of inertia (kg.m2),

l is the length of shaft.

From the graph above, we can see that the under damped system has decay rate,

σ = ζ.ωn.

3.0 Procedure

2) Decide on the mass to be used for loading.

3) Choose a mass and anchor the mass tightly to the rod at both end.

4) Fixed the accelerometer at the accelerometer stand.

5) Connect the accelerometer to one of the channel of NI-DAQ terminal which

then connect it to a PC to run Measurement and Automation Explorer software

and Dasylab software.

6) Run the Measurement and Automation Explorer software and save.

7) Run the Dasylab software.

8) Push one of the mass downward once and then run the Dasylab software.

9) Step 3 to 8 is repeated for a few more mass of increments.

2) Under My System, click Data Neighborhood.

3) Click create new to create new task.

4) Choose NI-DAQmx Task and click next.

5) Click Analog Input and choose Acceleration.

6) Choose channel which you connected the accelerometer on the certain channel.

7) Rename the task and click Finish.

8) The new task will appear under NI-DAQmx task. Change the sensitivity value

and units referred the sensor certification.

9) Change Acquisition Mode to Continuous Sample.

10) Click “Run” to test the setting and save setting.

2) Click the ‘measurement’ icon at the toolbar. Choose Hardware Setup, NI-

DAQmx, then click Synchronization with MAX Configuration. Click “Ok”.

3) With the same icon, choose Time Bases and click All Setting. Time Bases

setting window will appear. Choose your name that saved in Measurement &

Automation software, choose Sampling Rate and Block size. Decide the value

of Sampling Rate and Block Size. Then click “Ok”.

4) In Modules section, choose folder Inputs/Outputs. Choose NI-DAQmx and click

Analog Input then drag and drop it at the workplace.

5) Double click the Analog Input modules at the worksheet. The Analog Input

setting window will appear. Choose the Task name of your name and click

“Ok”.

6) Click A/D icon at the toolbar to change the measurement setup with the desired

value of Sampling Rate and Block Size.

7) Drag and drop the desired icon from the Modules section following your

creativities to finish this experiment.

8) Click the ‘Run’ button at the toolbar.

9) After a few seconds push the mass downward and allow it to oscillate.

10) Click the ‘Stop’ button when the oscillation dies down.

11) Observed the graph from your worksheet and the desired value from the graph

is taken to calculate the decay rate.

12) Save data by Read Data icon from the workplace. Save data in the ASCII format

so that it can be read by EXCEL spreadsheet.

13) Run the Excel program, open the data file and save it as an Excel worksheet file.

4.0 Results

a) Rod diameter, d = mm

b) Length between support, L = mm

c) Flywheel mass, m = gram

d) Flywheel radius, r = mm

e) Flywheel Thickness = mm

f) Mass distance to rotation axis, h = mm

g) Shear modulus of rod, G = mm

4.1 Determine Experimental Natural Frequency, ωn and Decay Rate, σ for Each

Mass

1. Open dasylab and add read data, recorder, maximum/minimum and write

data at the end.

2. Read the DDF file from previous saved data for the first mass and run it.

3. After that the data is save in ASCll file.

4. Move ASCll file into Excel and calculate for ln Y in a column, where Y is

the amplitude in the displacement-time graph.

5. Plot a scatter graph by select all the data ln Y and time,t.

6. From the graph determine the natural frequency, ωd and decay rate.

Figure 2 : ln Y versus time

Mass (kg)

Experimental Theoretical % error

0.4

0.6

0.8

Related Formula

T/J =Gθ/L

T/θ=GJ/L

Where, q=GJ/L

Mass moment or inertia of additional mass about the rotation axis = IPf

IP=IG+mah2

Where,

h is the distance between the centre of the additional mass and the axis

of the

rotation. h = 300mm

5.0 Discussion

damping system.

2. What are the factors of error?

3. Explain any significant difference of angular frequency between experimental

and theoretically in damping system.

6.0 Conclusion

7.0 References

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